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Encyclopedia > Kerch
Kerch
Керч
Керчь
Kerç
Region of Crimea: Kerch
Location: 45°21′N 36°26′E
Altitude: 10 m
Area: 108 km²
Population: 158,165 (2001)
Density: 1464.49 /km²
Postal codes: 98300 — 98399
Phone prefix: +380-6561
Time zone: EET: UTC+2
Previous name: Cerchio, Vosporo, Korchev, Bosporus, Panticapaeum
official web-site

Kerch (Ukrainian: Керч, Russian: Керчь, Crimean Tatar: Kerç, Old East Slavic: Кърчевъ) is a city (2001 pop 157,000) on the Kerch Peninsula of eastern Crimea, is an important industrial, transport and tourist centre of Ukraine. According to one of the most popular versions, the name comes from Old East Slavic ’къркъ’ which means throat, alluding to a narrow strait in front of the town (see Vasmer here). Image File history File links Kerch-flag. ... Kerchs Coat of Arms This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing daylight saving Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Image File history File links Reddot. ... Image File history File links Kerch-map. ... Crimean Tatar language (Qırımtatar tili, Qırımtatarca), also known as Crimean (Qırım tili, Qırımca) and Crimean Turkish (Qırım Türkçesi) is the language of the Crimean Tatars. ... Note: This page contains phonetic information presented in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) using Unicode. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... The Cimmerian Bosphorus of antiquity, shown on a map printed in London, ca 1770 Landsat satellite photo Kerch Strait. ... Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Capital Simferopol Largest cities Simferopol, Eupatoria, Kerch, Theodosia, Yalta Official language Ukrainian. ... Note: This page contains phonetic information presented in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) using Unicode. ... Max Vasmer (1886 – 1962) was a Russian-born German linguist who studied problems of etymology of Indo-European, Finno-Ugrian and Turkic languages and worked on history of Slavic, Baltic, Iranian, and Finno-Ugrian peoples in Eastern Europe. ...

Contents

History

Ancient times

Kerch is one of the most ancient cities of Ukraine, archeological digs at Mayak village near the city ascertained that the area had already been inhabited in 17th15th centuries BC. // Overview Events 1700 – 1500 BC -- Hurrian conquests. ... // Overview Events 1504 BC – 1492 BC -- Egypt conquers Nubia and the Levant. ...


Kerch as a city starts its history in 7th century BC, when Greek colonists from Miletus founded a city-state named Panticapaeum (which means fish road) on the shore of Kerch Strait. Panticapaeum was a predecessor of present-day Kerch city, it subdued nearby cities and by 480 BC became a capital of the Kingdom of Bosporus. The city located at the intersection of trade roads between Asia and Europe grew rapidly. The city's main exports were grain and salted fish, wine-making was also common. Panticapaeum minted its own coins. (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) The 7th century BC started on January 1, 700 BC and ended on December 31, 601 BC. // Overview Events Ashurbanipal, king of Assyria who created the the first systematically collected library at Nineveh A 16th century depiction of the Hanging Gardens of... The Greeks (Greek: Έλληνες—Hellenes) are a nation and ethnic group, who have populated Greece from the 17th century BC until the present day. ... The lower half of the benches and the remnants of the scene building of the theater of Miletus, as it was on August 6, 2005. ... Panticapaeum was an ancient Greek colony founded about 2600 years ago on the Cimmerian Bosporus, at the site of present-day Kerch city in the Crimea (Ukraine). ... Kerch Strait. ... Events King Xerxes I of Persia sets out to conquer Greece. ... The Bosporan kingdom or the Kingdom of the Cimmerian Bosporus was an ancient state, located in eastern Crimea and the Taman peninsula on the shores of the Cimmerian Bosporus. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... European redirects here. ...


In 1st century AD Panticapaeum and the Kingdom of Bosporus suffered from Ostrogoth raids, then the city was devastated by the Huns in AD 375. The 1st century was that century which lasted from 1 to 100 according the Gregorian calendar. ... Map of Ostrogothic Kingdom The Ostrogoths (Greuthung, Gleaming Goths or Eastern Goths), in distinction from the Visigoths (Noble Goths or Western Goths), were a Germanic tribe that influenced political events of the late Roman Empire. ... The Huns were a confederation of Eurasian tribes who appeared in Europe in the 4th century, the most famous person being Attila. ... Events The Huns invade Europe. ...


Middle ages

From the 6th century AD the city was under Byzantine Empire control. By order of Emperor Justinian I a citadel named Bospor was built there. Bospor was a center of diocese and developed under influence of Greek Christianity. This Buddhist stela from China, Northern Wei period, was built in the early 6th century. ... What Up. ... Justinian I depicted on one of the famous mosaics of the Basilica of San Vitale. ... Pope Pius XI blesses Bishop Stephen Alencastre as fifth Apostolic Vicar of the Hawaiian Islands in a Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace window. ... Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on Jesus of Nazareth, and on his life, death, ressurection, and teachings as presented in the New Testament. ...

Ruins of Panticapaeum. 6th century BC
Ruins of Panticapaeum. 6th century BC

In the 7th century the Turkic Khazars took control of Bospor, and the city was named Karcha or Charsha. The main local government official during Khazar times was the tudun. Christianity was a major religion in Kerch during the period of Khazar rule. Kerch's Church of St. John the Baptist was founded in 717. The "Church of the Apostles" existed during the late 8th century and early 9th century, according to the "Life of the Apostle Andrew" by Epiphanus. Photo of Panticapaeum Ruins. ... Photo of Panticapaeum Ruins. ... The 7th century is the period from 601 - 700 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... This article is about the various peoples speaking one of the Turkic languages. ... The Khazars (Heb. ... In pre-Islamic Turkic empires, particularly those of the Gokturks and the Khazars, a tudun was a governor resident in a town or other settlement. ... March 21 - Battle of Vincy between Charles Martel and Ragenfrid. ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was that century that lasted from 801 to 900. ...


Following the fall of Khazaria to Kievan Rus' in the late 900s, Kerch became the center of a Khazar successor-state. Its ruler, Georgius Tzul, was deposed by a Byzantine-Rus expedition in 1016. Kievan Rus′ was the early, mostly East Slavic [1] state dominated by the city of Kiev from about 880 to the middle of the 12th century. ... Centuries: 9th century - 10th century - 11th century Decades: 850s - 860s - 870s - 880s - 890s - 900s - 910s - 920s - 930s - 940s - 950s Years: 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 Events: Categories: 900s ... A successor state is a state that takes over some or all of the territory and assets from a previously well-established state (the predecessor state). ... Georgius Tzul (Georgeios or Georgios) was a Khazar warlord against whom the Byzantine Empire and the Kievan Rus states launched a joint expedition in 1016. ... What Up. ... The word Rus or Rus (Русь in Cyrillic Alphabet) may refer to: the Rus (people) of disputed origin who were at the roots of the statehood of Eastern Slavic peoples; the territories they ruled, also known by the Latinized name, Ruthenia; Kievan Rus, the most powerful of... Events George Tsul, ruler of Khazaria, is captured by a combined Byzantine- Rus force, which effectively ends Khazarias existence. ...


From the 10th century the city was a Slavic settlement named Korchev, which belonged to the Tmutarakan principality. Korchev was a center of trade between Rus, Crimea, Caucasus, and the Orient. As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... Distribution of Slavic peoples by language Countries inhabited predominantly by Slavic peoples The Slavic peoples are a linguistic and ethnic branch of Indo-European peoples, living mainly in Europe. ... Tmutarakan is an ancient city that controlled the passage from the Black Sea to the Sea of Azov. ... The word Rus or Rus (Русь in Cyrillic Alphabet) may refer to: the Rus (people) of disputed origin who were at the roots of the statehood of Eastern Slavic peoples; the territories they ruled, also known by the Latinized name, Ruthenia; Kievan Rus, the most powerful of... Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Capital Simferopol Largest cities Simferopol, Eupatoria, Kerch, Theodosia, Yalta Official language Ukrainian. ... The Ethnolinguistic patchwork of the modern Caucasus - CIA map Russia Georgia Azerbaijan (Azer. ... The term the Orient - literally meaning sunrise, east - is traditionally used to refer to Near, Middle, and Far Eastern countries. ...


In the 13th century Crimea including Korchev was invaded by Tartars. After Tartars, the city became the Genoese colony of Cerco (Cherkio) in 1318 and served as a sea harbour, townspeople worked at salt-works and fishery. (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Tatars or Tartars is a collective name applied to the Turkic-speaking people of Europe and Asia. ... The Republic of Genoa, in full the Most Serene Republic of Genoa (known as the Ligurian Republic from 1798 to 1805) was an independent state in Liguria on the northwestern Italian coast from ca. ... Events 1 April: Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from the English Emperor Go-Daigo ascends to the throne of Japan End of the reign of Emperor Hanazono, emperor of Japan Pope John XXII declares the doctrines of the Franciscans advocating ecclesiastical poverty erroneous Qalaun Mosque, Cairo...


In 1475 city was passed to the Ottoman Empire. During the Turkish rule Kerch fell into decay and served as a slave-market. It repeatedly suffered from raids of Zaporizhian Cossacks. In 1509 Balboa tried to join a Spanish expedition but could not because he owed so many debts January 10—Stephen III of Moldavia defeats the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Vaslui. ... Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem At the height of its power (1683) Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Kostantiniyye (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI... Zaporizhian Sich or Zaporozhian Sech (Ukrainian: ,Zaporozka Sich) original Slavonic name Zaporizhska Sich was the center of the Cossacks of Zaporizhzhia. ...


Modern times

Yenikale fortress. Built by the Turks in the 18th c.
Yenikale fortress. Built by the Turks in the 18th c.

In responce to strengthening of Russian military forces in Azov area, Turks built a fortress of Yenikale in 1706 near the city on the shore of Kerch Strait. In 1771 Russian Army invaded Crimea and by the Peace Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji in 1774, Kerch and Yenikale were ceded to Russia. As a result, the Turkish heritage has been almost completely wiped out. In 1790 Russian naval forces under the command of admiral Fyodor Ushakov defeated the Turkish fleet in warfare on Kerch Strait. Photo of the Yenikale fortess in Kerch (taken July 31, 2003 by Clipper). ... Photo of the Yenikale fortess in Kerch (taken July 31, 2003 by Clipper). ... Yenikale (in Russian, Еникале) is a fortress built by Turks in 1699 - 1706 located in the North-East part of Kerch city (Ukraine). ... The shallow Sea of Azov is clearly distinguished from the deeper Black Sea. ... Yenikale (in Russian, Еникале) is a fortress built by Turks in 1699 - 1706 located in the North-East part of Kerch city (Ukraine). ... Events March 27 - Concluding that Emperor Iyasus I of Ethiopia had abdicated by retiring to a monastery, a council of high officials appoint Tekle Haymanot I Emperor of Ethiopia May 23 - Battle of Ramillies September 7 - The Battle of Turin in the War of Spanish Succession - forces of Austria and... 1771 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... In russian, word army means armed forces in general. ... Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Capital Simferopol Largest cities Simferopol, Eupatoria, Kerch, Theodosia, Yalta Official language Ukrainian. ... The Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji (Küçük Kaynarca) was signed on July 21, 1774, between Russia (represented by Field-Marshal Rumyantsev) and the Ottoman Empire after the Ottoman Empire was defeated in the Russo-Turkish War of 1768-1774. ... Chesma Column in Tsarskoe Selo, commemorating the end of the Russo-Turkish War. ... 1790 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Fyodor Fyodorovich Ushakov (1744 – October 2, 1817) was the most illustrious Russian naval commander and admiral of the 18th century. ...


Because of its location, from 1821 Kerch developed into an important trade and fishing port. The state museum of ancient times and a number of educational institutions were opened in the city. The ironwork factory was built in 1846 based on a huge iron ore deposit found on Kerch Peninsula. The coronation banquet for George IV 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


During the Crimean War the city was devastated by British forces in 1855. Combatants United Kingdom France Ottoman Empire Kingdom of Sardinia Russian Empire Casualties 17,500 British 90,000 French 35,000 Turkish 2,050 Sardinian killed, wounded and died of disease 256,000 killed, wounded and died of disease The Crimean War lasted from 1854 until 1 April 1856 and was... 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


In the late 19th century mechanical and cement factories were built, tinned food and tobacco factories were launched. By 1900 Kerch was connected to a railroad system, and the fairway of Kerch Strait was deepened and widened. Population had reached 33,000. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ...


After suffering a decline during the First World War and the Russian Civil War, the city resumed its growth in the late 1920s with the expansion of various industries, iron ore and metallurgy in particular, and by 1939 its population had reached 104,500. Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul von Hindenburg... Combatants Red Army (Bolsheviks) White Army (Monarchists, SRs, Anti-Communists) Green Army (Peasants and Nationalists) Black Army (Anarchists) Commanders Leon Trotsky Mikhail Tukhachevsky Semyon Budyonny Lavr Kornilov, Alexander Kolchak, Anton Denikin, Pyotr Wrangel Alexander Antonov, Nikifor Grigoriev Nestor Makhno Strength 5,427,273 (peak) +1,000,000 Casualties 939,755... The 1920s was a decade sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Kerch in World War II

During the Great Patriotic War of 1941 to 1945, Kerch was the site of heavy fighting between Soviet Army and Nazi forces. After fierce fighting, city was taken by the Germans in November 1941. On 30 December 1941 the Soviets recaptured the city in a naval landing operation. In 1942 the Germans occupied the city again. On 31 October 1943 another Soviet naval landing operation was launched. Kerch was finally liberated on 11 April 1944. The Eastern Front1 was the theatre of combat between Nazi Germany and its allies against the Soviet Union during World War II. It was somewhat separate from the other theatres of the war, not only geographically, but also for its scale and ferocity. ... This article is about the year. ... 1945 (MCMVL) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... This article is about the armed forces of the Soviet Union. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... October 31 is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 61 days remaining. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... April 11 is the 101st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (102nd in leap years). ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ...


The German occupants killed about 15,000 citizens and deported another 14,000 during their reign. Evidence of German atrocities in Kerch was presented in the Nuremberg trials. After the War the city was awarded the title Hero City. The Süddeutsche Zeitung announces The Verdict in Nuremberg. ... Hero City (город-герой or gorod-geroy in Russian) is an honorary title awarded to twelve cities and one city-fortress in the Soviet Union for outstanding heroism during the Great Patriotic War of 1941 to 1945. ...


Ajimushkay catacombs (mines) in the city's suburbs were a site of heroic guerrilla campaign against occupation. Thousands of soldiers and refugees found shelter inside, making permanent counterattacks. Many of them died underground. Later a memorial was established on the site. Catacombs Paris Catacombs Rome - entrance Catacombs Rome - entrance (detail) The original catacombs are a network of underground burial galleries near San Sebastiano fuori le mura, in Rome. ... Look up guerrilla in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Modern Kerch

Industry

Obelisk of Glory on Mount Mithradates. Kerch harbour is in the background.
Obelisk of Glory on Mount Mithradates. Kerch harbour is in the background.

Today Kerch is considered as a city of metallurgists, shipbuilders and fishermen. The largest enterprises in the city are: Photo of the Kerch harbor and Memorial of World War II (taken August 6, 2003 by Clipper). ... Photo of the Kerch harbor and Memorial of World War II (taken August 6, 2003 by Clipper). ...

  • Kerch Metallurgical Works Factory launched in 1900
  • Kamysh-Burun Iron Ore Plant
  • "Zaliv" ("Gulf") shipbuilding factory that produces supertankers and warships.

Construction-materials, food processing, and light industries play a significant role in the city's economy. Kerch is also a fishing fleet base and an important processing center for numerous fish products. 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ...


After the disintegration of Soviet Union hard times came for metal manufacture and shipbuilding in the city and Kerch is gradually turning into a resort and tourist centre.


The Mayor (Golova) of the city of Kerch is Oleg Osadchiy (2004).


Transport

Kerch has a harbour on the Kerch Strait, which makes it a key to the Sea of Azov, a railroad terminal and a small airport. Ferry transportation across the Kerch Strait was established in 1953, connecting Crimea and the Krasnodar Krai (Port Krym - Port Kavkaz line). Bus network connects Kerch to other cities in Crimea and Krasnodar Krai. The shallow Sea of Azov is clearly distinguished from the deeper Black Sea. ... Kerch Strait. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Krasnodar Krai (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai), located in the Southern Federal District. ... Port Krym (in Russian, Порт Крым) is a small harbour on the west shore of the Kerch Strait. ... Port Kavkaz (in Russian, Порт Кавказ) is a small harbour on the Kerch Strait in Krasnodar Krai (Russia). ...


Education

Kerch hosts (2004): 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

  • 28 schools,
  • 9 institutes and branches of Ukrainian and Russian universities,
  • shipbuilding and polytechnical colleges,
  • medical school,
  • 6 PTU schools,
  • a number of pre-school child institutions

Vocational Technical School (Russian: профессиона́льно-техни́ческое учи́лище) – ;;Professionalno-tehnicheskoye uchilishche (acronym: PTU; ПТУ, пэ-тэ-у́) is a Soviet vocational education facility aimed to train qualified industrial workers and servicemen. ...

Archaeology

Archaeological digs in Kerch were launched in the middle of the 19th century. Since then the site of ancient Panticapaeum city on Mount Mithradates has been systematically excavated. Located nearby are several ancient burial mounds (kurghans) and excavated cities. Kerch takes part in UNESCO's "Silk Road" programme. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Panticapaeum was an ancient Greek colony founded about 2600 years ago on the Cimmerian Bosporus, at the site of present-day Kerch city in the Crimea (Ukraine). ... The name Mithridates (more accurately, Mithradates) is derived from the Persian sun-god Mithra and the Indo-European root da, to give — i. ... UNESCO logo UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... The Silk Road  â€“ Georgian: აბრეშუმის დიდი გზა; Traditional Chinese: , Simplified Chinese: , pinyin: sÄ«chóu zhÄ« lù; Persian: ‎; Râh-e Abrisham; Turkish: ; Kyrgyz: (Äžibek ÄŸolu); Kazakh: ; Hungarian: ; Polish: ; Russian: (VÄ›lkij Å jolkovyj Put ) â€“ or Silk Route is an interconnected series of routes through Southern Asia traversed by caravan and ocean vessel, and...


Tourism

Because of its location on shores of Azov and Black seas, Kerch became a popular summer resort among people of former USSR. Also, several mud-cure sources are located near the city. Despite the seaside location, the tourist appeal of Kerch today is limited because of the industrial character of the city and associated pollution. The shallow Sea of Azov is clearly distinguished from the deeper Black Sea. ... Map of the Black Sea. ...


Kerch has a number of impressive architectural and historical monuments. Ancient historical heritage of the city makes it attractive for scientific tourism. The most notable of Kerch's sights are:

  • Site of ancient settlement Pantikapaeum (5th century BC–3rd century AD)
  • Tsarskiy Kurghan (4th century BC) - burial mound for one of Bosporian kings
  • Church of St. John the Baptist (AD 717)
  • Fortress of Yenikale (18th century)
  • Large Mithradates Ladder leading on top of the Mount Mithradates, contains 428 footsteps, built in 18331840 under the guidance of Italian architect A. Digbi
  • Obelisk of Glory on the Mount Mithradates, built after World War II
  • Memorial of heroic guerilla warfare in Adzhimushkay mines

(2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) The 5th century BC started on January 1, 500 BC and ended on December 31, 401 BC. // The Parthenon of Athens seen from the hill of the Pnyx to the west. ... // Overview Events 212: Constitutio Antoniniana grants citizenship to all free Roman men 212-216: Baths of Caracalla 230-232: Sassanid dynasty of Persia launches a war to reconquer lost lands in the Roman east 235-284: Crisis of the Third Century shakes Roman Empire 250-538: Kofun era, the first... (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) The 4th century BC started on January 1, 400 BC and ended on December 31, 301 BC. // Overview Events Bust of Alexander the Great in the British Museum. ... March 21 - Battle of Vincy between Charles Martel and Ragenfrid. ... Yenikale (in Russian, Еникале) is a fortress built by Turks in 1699 - 1706 located in the North-East part of Kerch city (Ukraine). ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... 1833 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Combatants Germany Soviet Union Commanders P.M. Yagunov, M.G. Povazhniy Strength Several regiments 10000 - 15000 Casualties Unknown 10000+ The Defense of the Adzhimushkay quarry (Russian: Оборона Аджимушкайских каменоломен, Oborona Adzhimushkajskih kamenolomen) was an episode of the Eastern Front of World War II that occurred between May and October 1942. ...

External links


Coat of Arms of Crimea Subdivisions of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Ukraine Flag of Ukraine
Raions:

Bakhchisaray raion | Bilohirsk raion | Chornomorske raion | Dzhankoy raion | Kirovske raion | Krasnohvardiyske raion | Krasnoperekopsk raion | Lenine raion | Nizhnyohirskyi raion | Pervomayske raion | Rozdolne raion | Saky raion | Simferopol raion | Sovetskyi raion Image File history File links Crimea_Emblem. ... Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Capital Simferopol Largest cities Simferopol, Eupatoria, Kerch, Theodosia, Yalta Official language Ukrainian. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... See rayon for the textile made of processed cellulose. ... Bakhchisaray raion (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Byelogorsk raion (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Chernomorsk raion (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Dzhankoy raion (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Kirovske raion (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ...

City Municipalities:

Alushta municipality | Armyansk municipality | Dzhankoy municipality | Eupatoria municipality | Kerch municipality | Krasnoperekopsk municipality | Saky municipality | Simferopol municipality | Sudak municipality | Theodosia municipality | Yalta municipality Alushta city municipality (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ), officially the territory governed by the Alushta city council, also known as Greater Alushta is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Armyansk city municipality (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Dzhankoy (Ukrainian and Russian: Джанкой, Crimean Tatar: Canköy) is a city in the north of the Crimea, Ukraine. ... Eupatoria city municipality (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) officially the territory governed by the Eupatoria city council is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Krasnoperekopsk (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: Krasnoperekopsk) is a city in Crimea, Ukraine which is located on the southern part of the Perekop Isthmus, on the shore of the Stare lake, and about 124km from the Crimean capital, Simferopol. ... Saky (Ukrainian: ) is a city in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Ukraine. ... Simferopol city municipality (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) officially the territory governed by the Simferopol city council is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Sudak city municipality (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ), officially the territory governed by the Sudak city council is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Theodosia city municipality (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ), officially the territory governed by the Theodosia city council, is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Yalta city municipality (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ), officially the territory governed by the Yalta city council, also known as Greater Yalta is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ...

Cities and towns:

Alupka | Alushta | Armyansk | Balaklava | Bakhchisaray | Bilohirsk | Chornomorske | Gaspra | Gurzuf | Dzhankoy | Eupatoria | Foros | Inkerman | Kacha | Kerch | Koktebel | Koreiz | Kirovske | Krasnohvardiyske | Krasnoperekopsk | Lenine | Livadiya | Massandra | Nizhnyohirskyi | Nikita | Novyi Svet | Partenit | Pervomayske | Perekop | Rozdolne | Saky | Scholkine | Sevastopol | Simeiz | Simferopol | Sovetskyi | Staryi Krym | Sudak | Theodosia | Yalta Urban-type settlement (Russian: , posyolok gorodskogo tipa; Ukrainian: , selyshche miskoho typu; abbreviated as in Russian and as in Ukrainian) is an official designation for a certain type of urban settlements used in some of the countries of the former Soviet Union. ... Alupka is a resort town in the Crimea, Ukraine, situated 17 km to the west of Yalta. ... Alushta, called Aluston in the Byzantine Empire, is a resort town in the Crimea, situated on the Black Sea on the road from Gurzuf to Sudak. ... Armyansk (Ukrainian: Армянськ, Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a town in northern Crimea, Ukraine. ... Balaklava (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a town in the Crimea, Ukraine which has an official status of a district of the city of Sevastopol. ... Bakhchisaray (Crimean Tatar: Bağçasaray, Ukrainian: , Russian: ), a town in Central Crimea, centre of the Bakhchisaray raion (district), former capital of the Crimean Khanate. ... Belogorsk (Crimean Tatar: Qarasuvbazar, Ukrainian: , Russian: ) (both Russian and Ukrainian names mean white mountains), formerly Karasubazar, is a town of Ukraine, at the Crimea, in 45° 3 north and 340 26 east, 25 miles east-northeast of Simferopol. ... Gaspra (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a spa town in Crimea, Ukraine. ... Gurzuf (Russian:Гурзу́ф) is a settlement on the Crimea peninsula in Ukraine, on the northern coast of the Black Sea. ... Dzhankoy (Ukrainian and Russian: Джанкой, Crimean Tatar: Canköy) is a city in the north of the Crimea, Ukraine. ... Also Eupatoria or Evpatoria; town in the Crimea. ... Foros (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: Foros) is a resort town in Crimea, Ukraine. ... Inkerman (Inkermann) is a small town in Crimea, an eastern suburb of Sevastopol. ... Koktebel, also known as Planerskoye, is one of the most popular resort townlets in the Crimea, situated on the shore of the Black Sea about halfway between Feodosiya and Sudak. ... Koreiz (Ukrainian: Кореїз, Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a townlet in the Yalta region of Crimea. ... Krasnoperekopsk (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: Krasnoperekopsk) is a city in Crimea, Ukraine which is located on the southern part of the Perekop Isthmus, on the shore of the Stare lake, and about 124km from the Crimean capital, Simferopol. ... Lenine is a brazilian singer and songwriter born and raised in Recife, capital of Pernambuco in Northeast Brazil. ... Livadiya is a resort located on the Black Sea near Yalta, Ukraine. ... Massandra (Ukrainian: Масандра, Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a townlet in the Yalta region of Crimea. ... Nikita (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: Nikita) is a townlet in Crimea, Ukraine. ... A Juniper forest in Noviy Svet Novyi Svet (Russian: ; Ukrainian: ; Crimean Tatar: Novıy Svet; literally: New World) is a resort town in Crimea, Ukraine, known for an eponymous sort of champagne produced there. ... Partenit (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a seaside city in the southern part of Crimea, Ukraine. ... Saky (Ukrainian: ) is a city in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Ukraine. ... Scholkine (Ukrainian: , Russian: ) is a city in Autonomous Republic of Crimea of Ukraine. ... now. ... Simeiz (Симеиз) is a resort town in Crimea, Ukraine. ... Simferopol (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ; Crimean Tatar: ) is the capital of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Ukraine. ... Staryi Krym (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a small historical town in the Eastern Crimea, approximately 25 km (15 mi. ... Sudak is city in the Crimea. ... Theodosia (Russian: Феодосия; Ukrainian: Феодосія; Greek: Θεοδωσία; Crimean Tatar/Turkish: Kefe) is a port and resort city in southern Ukraine, located on the Black Sea coast of Crimea at coordinates 45. ... Yalta (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a city in Crimea, southern Ukraine, on the north coast of the Black Sea. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Kerch - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1237 words)
Kerch (Ukrainian: Керч, Russian: Керчь, Crimean Tatar: Kerç, Old East Slavic: Корчев) is a city (2001 pop 157,000) on the Kerch Peninsula of eastern Crimea, is an important industrial, transport and tourist centre of Ukraine.
Kerch is one of the most ancient cities of Ukraine, archeological digs at Mayak village near the city ascertained that the area had already been inhabited in 17th–15th centuries BC.
Panticapaeum was a predecessor of present-day Kerch city, it subdued nearby cities and by 480 BC became a capital of the Kingdom of Bosporus.
Kerch - LoveToKnow 1911 (1046 words)
KERCH, or Kertch, a seaport of S. Russia, in the government of Taurida, on the Strait of Kerch or Yenikale, 60 m.
Under the Turks, whose rule dates from the end of the 15th century, Kerch was a military port; and as such it plays a part in the Russo-Turkish wars.
Its importance was greatly impaired by the rise of Odessa and Taganrog; and in 1820 the fortress was dismantled.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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