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Encyclopedia > Kennel cough

Kennel cough or tracheobronchitis is a highly contagious canine illness characterized by inflammation of the upper respiratory system. It can be caused by viral infections such as canine distemper, canine adenovirus, canine parainfluenza virus, or canine respiratory coronavirus, or bacterial infections such as Bordetella bronchiseptica.[1] It is so named because the infection can spread quickly among dogs, such as in the close quarters of a kennel. Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris The dog (Canis lupus familiaris) is a domestic subspecies of the wolf, a mammal of the Canidae family of the order Carnivora. ... The Respiratory System Among four-legged animals, the respiratory system generally includes tubes, such as the bronchi, used to carry air to the lungs, where gas exchange takes place. ... Canine distemper is a viral disease affecting animals in the families Canidae, Mustelidae, Mephitidae, Procyonidae, and possibly Felidae (though not domestic cats; feline distemper or panleukopenia is a similar, but different, virus exclusive to cats). ... Genera Mastadenovirus Aviadenovirus Atadenovirus Siadenovirus Adenoviruses are viruses of the family Adenoviridae. ... Human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs) are a group of four distinct serotypes of single-stranded RNA viruses belonging to the paramyxovirus family. ... Canine coronavirus is a virus of the family Coronaviridae that causes a highly contagious intestinal disease in dogs. ... Species B. bronchiseptica etc. ...

Contents

Infection

Both viral and bacterial causes of kennel cough are spread through the air by infected dogs sneezing and coughing. It can also spread through contact with contaminated surfaces and through direct contact. It is highly contagious. Exposure occurs in environments where there are other dogs in proximity, such as kennels, dog shows, and groomers. Symptoms begin usually 3 to 5 days after exposure.[1] The disease can progress to pneumonia. Groups I: dsDNA viruses II: ssDNA viruses III: dsRNA viruses IV: (+)ssRNA viruses V: (-)ssRNA viruses VI: ssRNA-RT viruses VII: dsDNA-RT viruses A virus (from the Latin noun virus, meaning toxin or poison) is a microscopic particle (ranging in size from 20 - 300 nm) that can infect the... Phyla Actinobacteria Aquificae Chlamydiae Bacteroidetes/Chlorobi Chloroflexi Chrysiogenetes Cyanobacteria Deferribacteres Deinococcus-Thermus Dictyoglomi Fibrobacteres/Acidobacteria Firmicutes Fusobacteria Gemmatimonadetes Lentisphaerae Nitrospirae Planctomycetes Proteobacteria Spirochaetes Thermodesulfobacteria Thermomicrobia Thermotogae Verrucomicrobia Bacteria (singular: bacterium) are unicellular microorganisms. ... Pneumonia is an illness of the lungs and respiratory system in which the alveoli (microscopic air-filled sacs of the lung responsible for absorbing oxygen from the atmosphere) become inflamed and flooded with fluid. ...


Symptoms

Symptoms can include a harsh, dry hacking/coughing, retching, or gagging, especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo; especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;especiallykfjasoidfoasndkfjlkaskfh;oasidfhsaljkvdfuha;isuhdouifhaoskdhflshaoidfjoisjudofijosdjfokjs;ldkfj;osifdjo;in response to light pressing of the trachea or after excitement or exercise. The presence of a fever varies from case to case. The disease can last from 10-20 days. Diagnosis is made by seeing these symptoms and having a history of exposure. The trachea, or windpipe, is a tube that has a inner diameter of about 12mm and a length of about 10-12cm. ... An analogue medical thermometer showing the temperature of 38. ...


Treatment and prevention

Antibiotics are given to treat any bacterial infection present. Cough suppressants are used if the cough is not productive (nothing is being coughed up). The prognosis is good. Prevention is by vaccinating for canine adenovirus, distemper, parainfluenza, and Bordetella. In kennels, the best prevention is to keep all the cages disinfected. Most kennels will not board dogs without proof of vaccination. Staphylococcus aureus - Antibiotics test plate. ... Phyla Actinobacteria Aquificae Chlamydiae Bacteroidetes/Chlorobi Chloroflexi Chrysiogenetes Cyanobacteria Deferribacteres Deinococcus-Thermus Dictyoglomi Fibrobacteres/Acidobacteria Firmicutes Fusobacteria Gemmatimonadetes Lentisphaerae Nitrospirae Planctomycetes Proteobacteria Spirochaetes Thermodesulfobacteria Thermomicrobia Thermotogae Verrucomicrobia Bacteria (singular: bacterium) are unicellular microorganisms. ... A cough medicine is a drug used to treat coughing and related conditions. ... Vaccination is the process of administering weakened or dead pathogens to a healthy person or animal, with the intent of conferring immunity against a targeted form of a related disease agent. ... Species B. bronchiseptica etc. ...


See also

Bronchitis is inflammation of the bronchi (medium-size airways) in the lungs. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Ettinger, Stephen J.;Feldman, Edward C. (1995). Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 4th ed., W.B. Saunders Company. ISBN 0-7216-6795-3. 

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Cough - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (371 words)
A cough is a sudden, often repetitive, spasmodic contraction of the thoracic cavity, resulting in violent release of air from the lungs, and usually accompanied by a distinctive sound.
A cough is usually initiated to clear a buildup of phlegm in the trachea; air may move through this passage at up to 480 km/h (300 mph) during a contraction.
Coughing can also be triggered by a bolus of food going down the trachea instead of the esophagus, due to a failure of the epiglottis, although this may result in choking instead.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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