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Encyclopedia > Kennedy Space Center
Merritt Island and Kennedy Space Center (shown in white).
Merritt Island and Kennedy Space Center (shown in white).

The John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is the NASA space vehicle launch facility (spaceport) on Merritt Island, Brevard County, Florida, United States. The site is near Cape Canaveral, midway between Miami and Jacksonville, Florida. It is 34 mi (55 km) long and around 6 mi (10 km) wide, covering 219 square miles (567 km²). Around 17,000 people work at the site. There is a visitor center and public tours and KSC is a major tourist destination for visitors to Florida. Because much of KSC is off limits to development, the site also serves as an important wildlife sanctuary, with only 9% of the land developed. Mosquito Lagoon, The Indian River, Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge and Canaveral National Seashore are also features of this area. The area receives more lighting strike than any other place in the U.S., causing NASA to spend millions of dollars to avoid strikes during launch. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (733x1050, 175 KB)Merritt Island, Florida, with Kennedy Space Center and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (733x1050, 175 KB)Merritt Island, Florida, with Kennedy Space Center and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. ... The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an agency of the United States government, responsible for the nations public space program. ... Space exploration is the physical exploration of outer-Earth objects and generally anything that involves the technologies, science, and politics regarding space endeavors. ... A spaceport is a site for launching spacecraft, by analogy with airport for aircraft. ... Merritt Island is a census designated place in Brevard County, on the Atlantic coast of the U.S. state of Florida. ... Brevard County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida, along the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. ... Cape Canaveral from space, August 1991 Cape Canaveral (Cabo Cañaveral in Spanish) is a strip of land in Brevard County, Florida, United States, near the center of that states Atlantic coast. ... For other uses, see Miami (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Motto: Where Florida Begins Location in the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Duval Government  - Mayor John Peyton (R) Area  - City  885 sq mi (2,264. ... A tourist destination is a city, town or other area the economy of which is dependent to a significant extent on the revenues accruing from tourism. ... National Wildlife Refuge is a designation for certain protected areas of the United States managed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. ... Mosquito Lagoon is part of the Indian River Lagoon system, and the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway. ... Indian River is the name, or part of the name, of several geographical features and locations in the United States of America and Canada: Rivers The Indian River (Florida) is part of the intracoastal waterway on the Atlantic coast of central Florida. ... Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge is an important US National Wildlife Refuge on the Atlantic coast of Florida. ... The Canaveral National Seashore (CANA) is located between New Smyrna Beach and Titusville, Florida, in the United States. ...


Operations are currently controlled from Launch complex 39, the location of the Vehicle Assembly Building. 3 mi (5 km) to the east of the assembly building are the two launch pads. 5 mi (8 km) south is the KSC Industrial Area, where many of the Center's support facilities are located and the administrative headquarters. Launch Complex Plan - 1963 Launch Complex 39A Launch Complex 39B with Discovery shuttle Launch Complex 39 actually refers to LC39A and LC39B at the John F. Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island in Florida, USA, which are currently launch pads for the space shuttle. ... The Vehicle (originally Vertical) Assembly Building, or VAB, is a very large building located at in NASAs Kennedy Space Center, halfway between Jacksonville and Miami, and due east of Orlando on Merritt Island, on the Atlantic coast of Florida. ... The Headquarters Building is a historic site on Merritt Island, Florida, United States. ...


Kennedy Space Center's only launch operations are at Launch Complex 39. All other launch operations take place at the adjacent Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) which is operated by the U.S. Air Force. The center employs about 15,000 civil servants and contractors.[1] The Bumper V-2 was the first missile launched at Cape Canaveral on July 24, 1950. ... Seal of the Air Force. ...

Contents

History

The announcement of the lunar program led to an expansion of operations from the Cape to the adjacent Merritt Island. NASA began acquisition in 1962, taking title to 131 mi² by outright purchase and negotiating with the state of Florida for an additional 87 mi². In July 1962 the site was named the Launch Operations Center. It was renamed the John F. Kennedy Space Center in November 1963, after the recently assassinated president John F. Kennedy. The surrounding Cape Canaveral was also renamed Cape Kennedy, but this change was unpopular with the local people and the name reverted in 1973. John Kennedy and JFK redirect here. ...


The lunar project had three stages—Mercury, Gemini and Apollo. The objective of the Mercury program was: Description Role: Orbital spaceflight Crew: one, pilot Dimensions Height: 11. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... This article is about the series of human spaceflight missions. ...

  1. Place a manned spacecraft in orbital flight around the earth.
  2. Investigate man's performance capabilities and his ability to function in the environment of space.
  3. Recover the man and the spacecraft safely.

The project started in October 1957 using the Atlas ICBM as the base to carry the Mercury payload, but early testing used the Redstone rocket for a series of suborbital flights including the 15-minute flights of Alan Shepard on May 5 and Virgil Grissom on July 21, 1961. The first human carried by an Atlas was John Glenn on February 20, 1962. While Mercury was launched by NASA, launches occurred from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station as KSC was not yet developed. Atlas missile launch from Cape Canaveral in 1957 Atlas was a missile built by the Convair Division of General Dynamics. ... First launched in 1953, the American Redstone rocket was a direct descendant of the German V-2. ... A sub-orbital spaceflight (or sub-orbital flight) is a spaceflight that does not involve putting a vehicle into orbit. ... Alan Bartlett Shepard, Jr. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Gus Grissom in his Mercury spacesuit Virgil Ivan Gus Grissom (April 3, 1926–January 27, 1967) was a U.S. Air Force pilot who became one of the first American astronauts. ... is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other persons named John Glenn, see John Glenn (disambiguation). ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


From the knowledge gained through Mercury the more complex two-man capsules of Gemini were prepared as was a new launcher based on the Titan II ICBM. The first manned flight took place on March 23, 1965 with John Young and Virgil Grissom. Gemini 4 featured the first American extravehicular activity, by Edward H. White. There were twelve Gemini launches from KSC. Titan II launch vehicle launching Gemini 11 (Sept. ... A Minuteman III missile soars after a test launch. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... John W. Young in 1986 John Watts Young (born September 24, 1930) is a former NASA astronaut who walked on the Moon on Apollo 16, April 21, 1972. ... Gemini 4 (officially Gemini IV) was a 1965 manned space flight in NASAs Gemini program. ... Edward Higgins White, II (Lt. ...


The Apollo program had another new launcher—the three-stage Saturn V (111 m high and 10 m in diameter), built by Boeing (first stage), North American Aviation (engines and second stage) and Douglas Aircraft (third stage). North American Aviation also made the command and service modules while Grumman Aircraft Engineering constructed the lunar lander. IBM, MIT and GE provided instrumentation. For the moon designated Saturn V, see Rhea. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661 ) is a major aerospace and defense corporation, originally founded by William Boeing. ... North American Aviation, Inc. ... The Douglas Aircraft Company was founded by Donald Wills Douglas in July 1921. ... The Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation, later Grumman Aerospace Corporation, was a leading producer of military and civilian aircraft of the 20th century. ... International Business Machines Corporation (IBM, or colloquially, Big Blue) (NYSE: IBM) (incorporated June 15, 1911, in operation since 1888) is headquartered in Armonk, New York, USA. The company manufactures and sells computer hardware, software, and services. ... The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private, coeducational research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... This article is about the American company. ...

An aerial view of the Launch Complex 39 area shows the Vehicle Assembly Building (center), with the Launch Control Center on its right.
An aerial view of the Launch Complex 39 area shows the Vehicle Assembly Building (center), with the Launch Control Center on its right.

At KSC an $800 million center was built to accommodate this new rocket—Launch Complex 39. It included a hangar to hold four Saturn V rockets, the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB, 130 million ft³; a transportation system from the hangar to the launch pad, capable of carrying 5440 tonnes; a 446 foot (136 m) movable service structure and a control center. Construction began in November 1962, the launch pads were completed by October 1965, the VAB was completed in June 1965, and the infrastructure by late 1966. From 1967 through 1973, there were 13 Saturn V launches from Complex 39. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (900x574, 126 KB)Caption: An aerial view of the Launch Complex 39 area shows the Vehicle Assembly Building (center), with the Launch Control Center on its right. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (900x574, 126 KB)Caption: An aerial view of the Launch Complex 39 area shows the Vehicle Assembly Building (center), with the Launch Control Center on its right. ... The Launch Control Center (LCC) is a four-story building that is the electronic brain of Launch Complex 39. ... The Vehicle (originally Vertical) Assembly Building, or VAB, is a very large building located at in NASAs Kennedy Space Center, halfway between Jacksonville and Miami, and due east of Orlando on Merritt Island, on the Atlantic coast of Florida. ...


Before the Saturn V launches there were a series of smaller Saturn I and IB launches to test the men and equipment from Complex 34 on the Cape Canaveral site. The death of astronauts Gus Grissom, Ed White and Roger B. Chaffee by fire on Apollo-Saturn 204 (later designated Apollo 1) on January 27, 1967 occurred at Complex 34. A Saturn I at Pad 34, ready for mission SA-3 Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 34 (LC-34) is a launch site at Merritt Island, Cape Canaveral, Florida. ... Virgil Ivan Gus Grissom (April 3, 1926 – January 27, 1967) was a United States Air Force pilot who became the second American astronaut and one of the first to die in the U.S. space program. ... Edward White (1910-1994) a British composer of light classical music. ... Roger Bruce Chaffee (February 15, 1935 – January 27, 1967) was a U.S. Navy pilot who became an American astronaut in the Apollo program. ... Apollo One is the official name given to the Apollo/Saturn 204 (AS-204) spacecraft, destroyed by fire during a training exercise on January 27, 1967, at Pad 34 (Launch Complex 34 at Cape Canaveral - then known as Cape Kennedy) atop a Saturn IB rocket. ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ...


The first Saturn V test launch, Apollo 4 (Apollo-Saturn 501) began its 104 hour countdown on October 30, 1967 and, after delays, was launched on November 9. Apollo 7 was the first manned test on October 11, 1968 (on a Saturn IB). Apollo 8, the first manned Saturn V launch, made 10 lunar orbits on December 24-25, 1968. Apollo 9 and Apollo 10 tested the lunar lander. Apollo 11 was launched on July 16, 1969 and the Moon was walked on at 10:56 pm EDT, July 20. The Apollo program continued at KSC, through Apollo 14 (1971), the 24th American manned space flight (40th in the world), until Apollo 17 of December 1972. Apollo 4 was the first unmanned flight of the Saturn V launch vehicle. ... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Apollo 7 was the first manned mission in the Apollo program to be launched. ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Apollo 8 was the second successful manned mission of the Apollo space program, in which Commander Frank Borman, Command Module Pilot James Lovell and Lunar Module Pilot William Anders became the first humans to orbit around the Moon. ... Apollo 9 was the third manned mission in the Apollo program, a ten day earth-orbital mission launched 3 March 1969. ... Apollo 10 was the fourth manned mission in the Apollo program, and the first (and only manned Saturn V) mission to launch from pad 39B. The mission included the second crew to orbit the Moon, and the test of the lunar module in lunar orbit. ... The Apollo 11 mission was the first manned mission to land on the Moon. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Apollo 14 was the eighth manned mission in the Apollo program and the third mission to land on the Moon. ... Human spaceflight is space exploration with a human crew, and possibly passengers (in contrast to unmanned space missions, which are remotely-controlled or robotic space probes). ... Apollo 17 was the eleventh manned space mission in the NASA Apollo program. ...


The Air Force chose to expand the capabilities of the Titan launch vehicles for its heavy lift capabilities. It constructed Launch Complexes 40 and 41 to launch Titan III and Titan IV rockets at CCAFS, just south of Kennedy Space Center. A Titan III has about the same payload capacity as a Saturn IB at a considerable cost savings. Launch Complex 40 and 41 has been used to launch defense reconnaissance, communications and weather satellites and NASA planetary missions. The Air Force also planned to launch two Air Force manned space projects from LC 40 and 41. They were the Dyna-Soar, a manned orbital rocket plane (cancelled in 1963) and the Manned Orbiting Laboratory, a manned reconnaissance space station (cancelled in 1969). Launch Complex 40. ... An aerial view of LC-41. ... The Titan IIIC is a space booster used by the United States Air Force. ... The Titan IV family (including the IVA and IVB) of space boosters are used by the US Air Force. ... Artists conception of the X-20 during re-entry The X-20 Dyna-Soar was a USAF program to develop an orbital spaceplane that could be used for a variety of military missions including reconnaissance, bombing, space rescue, satellite maintenance, and sabotage of enemy satellites. ... Manned Orbiting Laboratory early 1960 conceptual drawing that did not use the Gemini spacecraft. ...


ELV rocket development also continued at KSC—before Apollo, an Atlas-Centaur launched from Launch Complex 36 had put the first American Surveyor lander softly on the Moon on May 30, 1966. A further five out of seven Surveyor craft were also successfully transferred to the Moon. From 1974-1977 the powerful Titan-Centaur became the new heavy lift vehicle for NASA, launching the Viking and Voyager series of spacecraft from Launch Complex 41, an Air Force site lent to NASA. Complex 41 later became the launch site for the most powerful unmanned U.S. rocket, the Titan IV, developed for the Air Force. An expendable launch system or expendable launch vehicle, ELV, is a single-use launch vehicle usually used to launch a payload into space. ... An Atlas III launches from LC-36B . Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 36 (LC-36) is a launch complex at Cape Canaveral, Merritt Island, Florida. ... Photograph of Surveyor(3) lunar landing spacecraft taken by Apollo 12 astronauts (descriptions added). ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... Viking mission profile. ... Voyager Project redirects here. ...


The Saturn V was also used to put the Skylab space station in orbit in 1973. Launchpad 39B was slightly modified for Saturn IB use, and launched three manned missions to Skylab in 1973, as well as the Apollo component of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project in 1975. Skylab was the first space station the United States launched into orbit. ... The Apollo-Soyuz Test Project was the first joint flight of the U.S. and Soviet space programs. ...


Current use

Space Shuttle Atlantis is prepared for launch on Mission STS-36.
Space Shuttle Atlantis is prepared for launch on Mission STS-36.

KSC is now the launch site for the Space Shuttle, reusing the Complex 39 Apollo infrastructure. The first launch was of Columbia on April 12, 1981. KSC also has a landing site for the orbiter, the 2.9 mile (4.6 km) Shuttle Landing Facility. However, the first end-of-mission Shuttle landing at KSC did not take place until February 11, 1984, when Challenger completed STS-41-B; the primary landing site had until that time been Edwards Air Force Base in California. Twenty-five flights had been completed by September 1988, with a large hiatus from January 28, 1986, to September 29, 1988, following the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster (which was the first shuttle launch from Pad 39B). Download high resolution version (900x720, 99 KB)Caption: The STS-36 vehicle and launch platform were rolled out to Launch Pad 39A on January 25, 1990, after the shortest stay in the Vehicle Assembly Building since return-to-flight. ... Download high resolution version (900x720, 99 KB)Caption: The STS-36 vehicle and launch platform were rolled out to Launch Pad 39A on January 25, 1990, after the shortest stay in the Vehicle Assembly Building since return-to-flight. ... Space Shuttle Orbiter Atlantis (NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-104) is one of the fleet of space shuttles belonging to the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). ... STS-36 was a space shuttle mission by NASA using the Space Shuttle Atlantis. ... NASAs Space Shuttle, officially called Space Transportation System (STS), is the United States governments current manned launch vehicle. ... is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... The NASA Shuttle Landing Facility (IATA: TTS, ICAO: KTTS) is an airport located in the city of Titusville in Brevard County, Florida, USA. It is a part of the John F. Kennedy Space Center and is used by the NASA Space Shuttle, military aircraft and civilian aircraft. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... Space Shuttle Challenger (NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-099) was NASAs second Space Shuttle orbiter to be put into service. ... // Crew Vance Brand (flew on Apollo-Soyuz, STS-5, STS-41-B & STS-35), Commander Robert L. Gibson (flew on STS-41-B, STS-61-C, STS-27, STS-47 & STS-71), Pilot Bruce McCandless II (flew on STS-41-B & STS-31), Mission Specialist Ronald E. McNair (flew on... Edwards Air Force Base (IATA: EDW, ICAO: KEDW) is a United States Air Force airbase located on the border of Kern County and Los Angeles County, California in the Antelope Valley, 7 miles (11 km) due east of Rosamond. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... The iconic image of Space Shuttle Challengers smoke plume after its breakup 73 seconds after launch. ...


In September 2004, parts of Kennedy Space Center were damaged by Hurricane Frances. The Vehicle Assembly Building lost 1,000 exterior panels, each 3.9 x 9.8 feet (3 m) in size. This exposed 39,800 sq ft (3,700 m²) of the building to the elements. Damage occurred to the south and east sides of the VAB. The Space Shuttle tile manufacturing facility suffered extensive damage. The roof was partially torn off and the interior suffered extensive water damage. Tile manufacturing will probably be moved to the Palmdale, California backup facility. Further damage to KSC was caused by Hurricane Wilma in October 2005. B C D E F G H I 10 J K L M N O Categories: | | | | | ... Motto: Aerospace Capital of America Location of Palmdale in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: , Country United States of America State California County Los Angeles Government  - Mayor James C. Ledford Jr. ... Lowest pressure 882 mbar (hPa; 26. ...


Visitor complex

The gate to the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex, July 2006. Explorer, a mock-up of the Space Shuttle, is in the background.
The gate to the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex, July 2006. Explorer, a mock-up of the Space Shuttle, is in the background.
The Rocket Garden (open to visitors) at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex, December 2004.
The Rocket Garden (open to visitors) at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex, December 2004.

The Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex, operated by Delaware North Companies at no taxpayer expense, is home to a number of museums, two IMAX theatres, and various bus tours allowing visitors a closer look at various restricted areas that would otherwise not be possible. Base admission for people over age 12 is $38.00. Included in the base admission is tour-bus transportation into the restricted area to an observation gantry on the grounds of Launch complex 39, and to the Apollo-Saturn V Center. The observation gantry provides unobstructed views of both launch pads and all of Kennedy Space Center property. The Apollo-Saturn V Center is a large museum built around its centerpiece exhibit, a restored Saturn V launch vehicle, and features other space related exhibits, including an Apollo capsule. Two theaters allow the visitor to relive parts of the Apollo program. One simulates the environment inside an Apollo-era firing room during an Apollo launch, and another simulates the Apollo 11 landing. The tour also includes a visit to a building where modules for the International Space Station are tested. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 634 KB) Summary Kennedy Space Centre Visitors Centre front gate - taken by Ed Leung on 22 July 2006 Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 634 KB) Summary Kennedy Space Centre Visitors Centre front gate - taken by Ed Leung on 22 July 2006 Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the... The Space Shuttle Explorer is a full-scale replica of a Space Shuttle. ... NASAs Space Shuttle, officially called Space Transportation System (STS), is the United States governments current manned launch vehicle. ... The Rocket Garden (open to visitors) at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex, December 2004. ... The Rocket Garden (open to visitors) at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex, December 2004. ... The Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex Rocket Garden. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... IMAX theatre at the Melbourne Museum complex, Australia BFI London IMAX by night IMAX dome in Guayaquil, Ecuador IMAX Theater in SM Mall of Asia, Philippines IMAX (short for Image Maximum) is a film format created by Canadas IMAX Corporation that has the capacity to display images of far... Launch Complex Plan - 1963 Launch Complex 39A Launch Complex 39B with Discovery shuttle Launch Complex 39 actually refers to LC39A and LC39B at the John F. Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island in Florida, USA, which are currently launch pads for the space shuttle. ... For the moon designated Saturn V, see Rhea. ... The Apollo 11 mission was the first manned mission to land on the Moon. ... “ISS” redirects here. ...

NASA Space Center Tour Bus
NASA Space Center Tour Bus

The Visitor Complex also includes two facilities run by the Astronauts Memorial Foundation. The most visible of these is the Space Mirror Memorial, also known as the Astronaut Memorial, a huge black granite mirror through-engraved with the names of all astronauts who died in the line of duty. These names are constantly illuminated from behind, with natural light when possible, and artificial light when necessary. The glowing names seem to float in a reflection of the sky. Supplemental displays nearby give the details of the lives and deaths of the astronauts memorialized. Elsewhere on the Visitor Complex grounds is the Foundation's Center for Space Education, which includes a resource center for teachers, among other facilities. Image File history File linksMetadata Nasa_tour_bus. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Nasa_tour_bus. ... Space Mirror The Space Mirror Memorial, also known as the Astronaut Memorial, is a memorial on the grounds of the John F. Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex in Merritt Island, Florida. ...

The Space Mirror in March 2006

Several articles of flight-used and flight-ready spacecraft are on display at KSC: Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ...

The Skylab Rescue CM and LM-9 are among the few unused flight-ready articles currently in existence and on display. The Skylab Rescue CM was on standby during the Skylab 3 and Skylab 4 missions in the event a rescue mission was necessary, and was actually rolled out to LC-39B during Skylab 3 when the mission's CM developed problems that were later fixed. LM-9 was originally meant for Apollo 15, but the mission type was changed, and the LM was replaced with a more advanced one that carried a lunar rover. Gemini 9A (officially Gemini IX-A) was a 1966 manned spaceflight in NASAs Gemini program. ... Apollo Spacecraft: Command Module, Service Module, Lunar Module. ... During the second crewed Skylab mission a rescue flight was assembled as a backup contingency. ... Due to budget constraints there were many cancelled Apollo missions during Project Apollo. ... Skylab 3 or SL-3 was the second manned mission to Skylab. ... Skylab 4 or SL-4 was the fourth Skylab mission and placed the third crew on board. ... Launch Complex 39 is a large site and a collection of facilities at the John F. Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island in Florida, USA, originally built for the Apollo program, and later modified to support Space Shuttle operations. ... Apollo 15 was the ninth manned mission in the Apollo program and the fourth mission to land on the Moon. ... Lunar Rover-Manned land vehicle (NASA) The Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) or Lunar rover was a type of land vehicle used on the Moon. ...


In addition, Mercury-Atlas 8 capsule "Sigma 7" and Apollo 14 CM "Kitty Hawk" are located at the nearby Astronaut Hall of Fame. // Wally Schirra (flew on Mercury 8, Gemini 6A, & Apollo 7) Gordon Cooper Mass:1370 kg Perigee: 153 km Apogee: 285 km Inclination: 32. ... Apollo 14 was the eighth manned mission in the Apollo program and the third mission to land on the Moon. ... The U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame is located in Titusville, Florida. ...


Footnotes

  1. ^ Halvorson, Todd (May 12, 2007). KSC chief says more tech work needed. Florida Today. 

See also

Merritt Islands two spaceports are shown side-by-side on this map. ... Crawlerway is a 100 foot-wide (30m) double pathway at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. ... The Press Site-Clock and Flag Pole is a historic site on Merritt Island, Florida. ... The Central Instrumentation Facility is a historic site on Merritt Island, Florida, United States. ... The Operations and Checkout Building (previously known as the Manned Spacecraft Operations Building (MSOB)) is a historic site on Merritt Island, Florida, United States. ... The Missile Crawler Transporter Facilities (also known as the Crawlers) are a historic site on Merritt Island, Florida, United States. ... The NASA Parkway is an east-west route from the mainland to the barrier island. ... Space Shuttle Columbia at the entrance of the Orbiter Processing Facility The Orbiter Processing Facility (OPF) is the hangar where NASAs Space Shuttle Orbiter undergoes maintenance between flights. ...

External links

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Kennedy Space Center
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Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Encyclopedia Astronautica is a reference web site on space travel. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A spaceport is a site for launching spacecraft, by analogy with airport for aircraft. ... The Brazilian Air Force (Portuguese: Força Aérea Brasileira, FAB) is the aerial warfare branch of the Brazilian armed forces and one of the three national uniformed services. ... The Brazilian Space Agency (Agência Espacial Brasileira) is the civilian authority in Brazil that is in charge of the countrys burgeoning space programme. ... The Alcântara rocket launch site, Centro de Lançamento de Alcântara (CLA), is located at the coast of the Atlantic Ocean in the north of Brazil, in the state of Maranhão. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (480 × 640 pixel, file size: 102 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Photograph showing the veritcalization of a rocket at the Baikonur cosmodrome. ... The China National Space Administration (中国国家航天局) is the civilian agency within the Peoples Republic of China which is responsible for national space policy within the space program of China. ... Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center (酒泉卫星发射中心) is a Peoples Republic of China space vehicle launch facility (spaceport) in the Gobi desert in Gansu Province located about 1,600 km from Beijing. ... The Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center (TSLC) (Chinese: 太原卫星发射中心; pinyin: ) is a Peoples Republic of China space and defence launch facility. ... Wenchang Satellite Launch Center (Chinese: ; pinyin: Wénchāng WeìxÄ«ng Fāshè ZhōngxÄ«n) located at , is a former sub-orbital test center and currently under expansion. ... The Xichang Satellite Launch Center (XSLC) (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a Chinese facility approximately 64 km northwest of Xichang City in Sichuan Province. ... The Centre National dÉtudes Spatiales is the French government space agency (administratively, a public establishment of industrial and commercial character). Its headquarters are located in central Paris. ... Paris headquarters The ESA control room in Darmstadt, Germany The European Space Agency (ESA), established in 1974, is an inter-governmental organisation dedicated to the exploration of space, currently with 17 member states. ... The Guiana Space Centre (French: Centre Spatial Guyanais) is a French/European spaceport near Kourou in French Guiana. ... The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is Indias national space agency. ... The Satish Dhawan Space Centre, located in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, in India, is the launch centre for the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). ... The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency ), or JAXA, is Japans national aerospace agency. ... The Tanegashima Space Center (TNSC) is one of Japans space development facilities. ... M-V rocket at the Uchinoura Space Center (Febr. ... The Russian Federal Space Agency (Russian: Федеральное космическое агентство России, commonly known as Roskosmos), formerly the Russian Aviation and Space Agency (Russian: Российское авиационно-космическое агентство, commonly known as Rosaviakosmos) or RKA, is the government agency responsible for Russias space science programme and general aerospace research. ... Map showing the location of Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan The Baikonur Cosmodrome (Kazakh: Байқоңыр ғарыш айлағы, Bayqoñır ÄŸarış aylağı; Russian: Космодром Байконур, Kosmodrom Baykonur), also called Tyuratam, is the worlds oldest and largest operational space launch facility. ... Dombarovskiy is an ICBM-base at 51°0 N. and 58°0 E. in Orenburg Oblast, Russia. ... Kapustin Yar (Russian Капустин Яр; today Знаменск/Znamensk) is a Russian rocket launch and development site in the Astrakhan Oblast, between Volgograd and Astrakhan. ... Cyclone-3 rocket launching Meteor-3 satellite (Plesetsk, August 15, 1991) Plesetsk Cosmodrome is a Russian spaceport, located about 800 km north of Moscow and south of Arkhangelsk (coordinates vary in different sources, but 62°08′ N 41°01′ E seems plausible). ... Svobodny (Russian: ) is a Russian rocket launch site used since 1996 and located in the Amur Oblast. ... The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an agency of the United States government, responsible for the nations public space program. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Wallops Flight Facility Coordinates: Latitude 37. ... The Bumper V-2 was the first missile launched at Cape Canaveral on July 24, 1950. ... Boeing Delta 4 Medium+ (4,2) lifts off from Space Launch Complex Six (SLC-6) at Vandenberg AFB, California (Official photo by Thom Baur for the Boeing Company) Vandenberg Air Force Base (IATA: VBG, ICAO: KVBG) is a United States military installation with a spaceport, in Santa Barbara County, California... Kwajalein infrastructure and RTS headquarters, click to enlarge. ... Corn Ranch is the name of the spaceport in West Texas from which the flight tests of the New Shepard are carried out by Blue Origin. ... The Kodiak Launch center (also KLC) is a commercial rocket launching site at 57°2609 northern latitude and 152°2016 western length. ... The Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport (MARS) is a commerical space launch facility located at the southern tip of NASAs Wallops Flight Facility on the Delmarva Peninsula in Virginia. ... The Mojave Spaceport (IATA: MHV, ICAO: KMHV) , also known as the Mojave Airport and Civilian Aerospace Test Center, is located in Mojave, California, at an elevation of 2,791 feet. ... Aerial view from the southwest. ... Spaceport America (Also known as Southwest Regional Spaceport) is located on 27 square-miles of state-owned desert near Upham, New Mexico, 45 miles north of Las Cruces, and 30 miles east of Truth or Consequences. ... Ocean Odyssey drilling rig publicity photo Ocean Odyssey (Sea Launch) at port The Ocean Odyssey was a self-propelled, semi-submersible drilling rig which was rebuilt as a mobile spacecraft launch platform and is currently used by Sea Launch for equatorial Pacific Ocean launches. ... Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission is Pakistans national space agency. ... Sonmiani is a launch site for sounding rockets in Pakistan at 25°12′ N 66°45′ E, approximately 25 kilometres north of Karachi. ...

Merritt Island launch sites  v  d  e 
Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (all except LC-39)
Kennedy Space Center (LC-39)
LC-1 | LC-2 | LC-3 | LC-4 | LC-5 | LC-6 | LC-9 | LC-10 | LC-11 | LC-12 | LC-13 | LC-14 | LC-15 | LC-16 | LC-17 | LC-18 | LC-19 | LC-20 | LC-21 | LC-22 | LC-25 | LC-26 | LC-29 | LC-30 | LC-31 | LC-32 | LC-34 | LC-36 | LC-37 | LC-39 | LC-40 | LC-41 | LC-43 | LC-45 | LC-46 | LC-47


Atlantic Missile Range drop zone | Grand Turk Island drop zone | Mobile Launch Area | SLBM Launch Area | Patrick AFB | Shuttle Landing Facility | Cape Canaveral AFS Skid Strip Merritt Islands two spaceports are shown side-by-side on this map. ... The Bumper V-2 was the first missile launched at Cape Canaveral on July 24, 1950. ... Launch Complex 1 (LC1) is a deactivated US Air Force launch site located on Cape Canaveral, United States at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. ... Launch Complex 2 (LC2) is a deactivated US Air Force launch site located on Cape Canaveral, United States at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. ... Mercury-Redstone 1 at LC-5. ... An atlas rocket launches a manned Mercury spacecraft from LC-14. ... Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 17 is a launch site at Merritt Island, Florida. ... The launch of Gemini 6A from LC-19. ... Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 20 (SLC-20), previously Launch Complex 20 (LC-20), is a launch site at Merritt Island, Cape Canaveral, Florida. ... Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Compex 26 (LC-26) was a launch site at Merritt Island, Florida. ... A Saturn I at Pad 34, ready for mission SA-3 Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 34 (LC-34) is a launch site at Merritt Island, Cape Canaveral, Florida. ... An Atlas III launches from LC-36B . Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 36 (LC-36) is a launch complex at Cape Canaveral, Merritt Island, Florida. ... The launch of GOES-N atop a Delta IV, from LC-37B Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 37 (LC-37) is a launch complex at Merritt Island, Cape Canaveral, Florida. ... Launch Complex 39 is a large site and a collection of facilities at the John F. Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island in Florida, USA, originally built for the Apollo program, and later modified to support Space Shuttle operations. ... Launch Complex 40. ... An aerial view of LC-41. ... Patrick Air Force Base is a United States Air Force Base located near Cocoa Beach, Florida, USA. Patrick Air Force Base is home to the 45th Space Wing. ... Space Shuttle Landing Facility (SLF) is a location where the Space Shuttle can land. ... Cape Canaveral AFS Skid Strip (IATA: XMR, ICAO: KXMR) is a military airport near Cocoa Beach, Florida, United States. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Kennedy Space Center (941 words)
Kennedy's Spaceport Technology Center (STC) initiative is an evolving component of Kennedy's dual mission in Space Launch Operations and Spaceport and Range Technologies.
Kennedy also has product lines for "spaceport design and systems development," which test and integrate an array of component technologies in order to build and deploy an operational spaceport system.
Kennedy teams focused their efforts on MEIT Phase II test planning and completed the first MEIT II test configuration involving a Kennedy-developed ground support U.S. Lab Emulator, additional power modules, and the Mobile Transporter.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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