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Encyclopedia > Ken Kutaragi
Ken Kutaragi
Born August 8, 1950
Japan
Occupation Founder of Playstation

Ken Kutaragi (久夛良木 健 Kutaragi Ken, born August 8, 1950) former Chairman and chief executive officer of Sony Computer Entertainment (SCEI), the video game division of Sony Corporation until his retirement. He is known as "The Father of the PlayStation", as well as its successors, the PlayStation 2, PlayStation Portable, and the PlayStation 3. Image File history File linksMetadata Ken_kutaragi. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Sony PlayStation ) is a video game console of the 32/64-bit era, first produced by Sony Computer Entertainment in the mid-1990s. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Chief Executive Officer (CEO), or Chief Executive, is the highest-ranking corporate officer, administrator, corporate administrator, executive, or executive officer, in charge of total management of a corporation, company, organization or agency. ... Sony Computer Entertainment, Incorporated ) (SCEI) is a Japanese video game company specializing in a variety of areas in the video game industry, mostly in video game consoles and is a full subsidiary of Sony Corporation that was established on November 16, 1993 in Tokyo, Japan. ... Namcos Pac-Man was a hit, and became a universal phenomenon. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $68. ... The Sony PlayStation ) is a video game console of the 32/64-bit era, first produced by Sony Computer Entertainment in the mid-1990s. ... The PlayStation 2 , abbreviated PS2) is Sonys second video game console, the successor to the PlayStation and the predecessor to the PlayStation 3. ... The PlayStation Portable , officially abbreviated as PSP) is a handheld game console released and manufactured by Sony Computer Entertainment. ... PlayStation 3 , trademarked PLAYSTATION®3,[7] commonly abbreviated PS3) is Sony Computer Entertainments third video game console. ...


Kutaragi was closely watched by financial analysts who trace profiles of the losses and profits of the Sony Corporation. This has been attributed to the PlayStation franchise's high profit returns for Sony; it has been the key source of profit for the aforementioned parent corporation [1] The Sony PlayStation ) is a video game console of the 32/64-bit era, first produced by Sony Computer Entertainment in the mid-1990s. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

Contents

Early years

Ken Kutaragi was born in Tokyo, Japan. His parents, although not wealthy by Japan standards, still managed to own their own business - they ran a small printing plant in the city. As Kutaragi grew into childhood, they actively encouraged the young boy to explore his mechanical abilities in the plant, and he worked after school there. Aside from his duties in his parents' factory, Kutaragi was a studious, high-level student; he was often described as a "straight A++".   , literally Eastern capital) is a unique subnational administrative region of Japan with characteristics of both a prefecture and a city. ...


Kutaragi always had the desire to "tinker", often taking apart toys as a child to see how they worked. This curiosity carried from childhood, leading him as a teenager to learn the intricacies of electronics. Eventually, in fact, his love of electronics led to him enrolling in University of Electro-Communications, where he acquired an Electronics degree. The University of Electro-Communications (電気通信大学 Denki-Tsushin Daigaku) is a Japanese university based in Chofu city, Tokyo. ...


Immediately after graduation, Kutaragi began working for Sony in their digital research labs. Although at the time it was considered a radical decision, Kutaragi felt that Sony was on the "fast track". He quickly gained a reputation as an excellent problem solver and a forward thinking engineer, earning that reputation by working on many successful projects - including early liquid crystal displays (LCDs) and digital cameras.' Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $68. ... Reflective twisted nematic liquid crystal display. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Role in the gaming industry

In the late 1980s, he was watching his daughter with a Famicom and realized the potential that existed within video games. At that particular time, Sony's executives had very little interest in video games. Thus, when Nintendo expressed the need for a wavetable sound chip for its upcoming new 16 bit system, Kutaragi immediately accepted. Working in secret, he designed and built the chip, the SPC700. When they found out, Sony's executives were furious. Only with Sony CEO Norio Ohga's help was Kutaragi able to push the project to completion and keep his job. Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... “NES” redirects here. ... A sound chip is an integrated circuit (i. ... In computer architecture, 16-bit is an adjective used to describe integers, memory addresses or other data units that are at most 16 bits (2 octets) wide, or to describe CPU and ALU architectures based on registers, address buses, or data buses of that size. ... The SONY SPC700 is the 8-bit sound chip used in the Super Famicom/Super Nintendo Entertainment System video game console together with a DSP. The SPC700 chip was very advanced for its time (1991) and may in some ways be said to rival todays wavetable synthesizer sound cards. ... A Chief Executive Officer (CEO), or Chief Executive, is the highest-ranking corporate officer, administrator, corporate administrator, executive, or executive officer, in charge of total management of a corporation, company, organization or agency. ... Norio Ohga (大賀典雄, Ōga Norio, otherwise spelt Norio Oga, born January 29, 1930) is a Japanese electronics businessman who originally trained as an opera singer. ...


Even while working with Nintendo, within Sony gaming was still regarded as a fad and something looked down upon. Despite this hostile atmosphere to video games, Kutaragi managed to persuade Sony to fund his research into the Super NES CD (the device that would eventually become the PlayStation). Despite being considered a risky gamble by other Sony executives, Kutaragi once again had the support of Sony CEO Norio Ohga. The success of the Playstation led to him heading up the development of more consoles like the PlayStation 2; the latest console in the series, the PlayStation 3, which was recently released. Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $68. ... The Super Nintendo Entertainment System or Super NES, also known as SNES or Super Nintendo, is a 16-bit video game console released by Nintendo in North America, Brazil, Europe, and Australia. ... The Sony PlayStation ) is a video game console of the 32/64-bit era, first produced by Sony Computer Entertainment in the mid-1990s. ... Norio Ohga (大賀典雄, Ōga Norio, otherwise spelt Norio Oga, born January 29, 1930) is a Japanese electronics businessman who originally trained as an opera singer. ... The PlayStation 2 , abbreviated PS2) is Sonys second video game console, the successor to the PlayStation and the predecessor to the PlayStation 3. ... PlayStation 3 , trademarked PLAYSTATION®3,[7] commonly abbreviated PS3) is Sony Computer Entertainments third video game console. ...


The commercial success of the PlayStation franchise makes Sony Computer Entertainment the most profitable business division of Sony. Despite being an upstart in the console market against veterans Nintendo and Sega, the first PlayStation displaced them both to become the most popular console of that era. The PlayStation 2 extended Sony's lead in the following generation, at one point holding a 65% market share with 100 million units shipped [2]. Ken was recognized by many financial and technological publications for this success, most notably when he was named one of the 100 most influential people of 2004 in TIME magazine [3] and the "Gutenberg of Video Games". Sony Computer Entertainment, Incorporated ) (SCEI) is a Japanese video game company specializing in a variety of areas in the video game industry, mostly in video game consoles and is a full subsidiary of Sony Corporation that was established on November 16, 1993 in Tokyo, Japan. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $68. ... Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... Sega Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational video game software and hardware developing company, and a former home computer and console manufacturer. ... The sixth-generation era (sometimes inaccurately referred to as the 128-bit era; see section below) refers to the computer and video games, video game consoles, and video game handhelds available at the turn of the 21st century. ... Market share, in strategic management and marketing, is the percentage or proportion of the total available market or market segment that is being serviced by a company. ... Time (whose trademark is capitalized TIME) is a weekly American newsmagazine, similar to Newsweek and U.S. News & World Report. ... This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ...


Since 1997, Kutaragi had been favored to become the next Sony president. He enjoyed a close relationship with Sony CEO Norio Ohga, who had backed Kutaragi on the Sound Chip and PlayStation projects.[4] Ohga's successor Nobuyuki Idei promoted Kutaragi to Deputy Executive President, Sony-Global Chief operating officer, and Vice-Chairman in 2003. During a controversial management shakeup in 2005, Kutaragi was demoted from the Board of Directors and replaced as head of consumer electronics.[4] However, Kutaragi will remain as the head of the Sony Computer Entertainment gaming division and will also be given a new title: Group Executive Officer. 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Norio Ohga (大賀典雄, Ōga Norio, otherwise spelt Norio Oga, born January 29, 1930) is a Japanese electronics businessman who originally trained as an opera singer. ... Nobuyuki Idei (出井伸之, Idei Nobuyuki; born November 22, 1937) was the Chairman and Group Chief Executive Officer of Sony Corporation. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $68. ... A Chief Operating Officer (COO) is a corporate officer responsible for managing the day-to-day activities of the corporation. ... A Chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sony Computer Entertainment, Incorporated ) (SCEI) is a Japanese video game company specializing in a variety of areas in the video game industry, mostly in video game consoles and is a full subsidiary of Sony Corporation that was established on November 16, 1993 in Tokyo, Japan. ... While Executive officer literally refers to a person responsible for the performance of duties involved in running an organization, the exact meaning of the role is highly variable, depending on the organization. ...


Assessment by industry analysts

Analysts believe that Kutaragi's demotion was surprising and indeed harsh. Many attributed the demotion to his speech at the Foreign Correspondents' Club in Tokyo wherein he criticised Sony's policy of using proprietary technologies and implicitly criticised the company's use of DRM technologies in reference to Sony's failure to offer a compelling strategy to answer the rise of Apple Computer's iPod [5]. This was seen as a break within Japanese corporate culture since employees rarely criticized their companies. Digital rights management (DRM) is an umbrella term referring to technologies used by publishers or copyright owners to control access to or usage of digital data or hardware, and to restrictions associated with a specific instance of a digital work or device. ... Apple Inc. ... iPod (fifth generation) in Apple Universal Dock, iPod nano (second generation) and iPod shuffle (second generation) iPod is a brand of portable media players designed and marketed by Apple and launched in 2001. ...


Although Kutaragi's leadership of consumer electronics was not successful, analysts also suspect that outgoing Sony CEO Nobuyuki Idei had set up Kutaragi to fail, given that both men had a cool working relationship. Idei assigned Kutaragi the tedious task of turning around the consumer division which had already been falling behind competitors such as Samsung in the LCD market [4]. Kutaragi's rival for the top position, Howard Stringer, was given the less difficult assignment of the content business and his success at Sony BMG resulted in his promotion. Nobuyuki Idei (出井伸之, Idei Nobuyuki; born November 22, 1937) was the Chairman and Group Chief Executive Officer of Sony Corporation. ... Samsung Group is one of the largest South Korean business groupings. ... Reflective twisted nematic liquid crystal display. ... Sir Howard Stringer Sir Howard Stringer (born 1942) is a British-American businessman and Chief Executive Officer of Sony Corporation, before that he was CEO of the Sony Corporation of America. ... The Sony BMG Music Entertainment logo. ...


Sony Computer Entertainment, which Kutaragi has been heading since its inception, had a weaker year in 2004 after several years of solid growth [6]. During that same year, Sony’s game sales fell to $7.5 billion from $8.2 billion, and its operating income slid to $650 million from $1 billion, losing $25 million in Q4 of 2004. This can be attributed partially to the oversaturation of the video game market and price wars which caused the PS2 to lose the top sales position for a time [7]. Sony Computer Entertainment, Incorporated ) (SCEI) is a Japanese video game company specializing in a variety of areas in the video game industry, mostly in video game consoles and is a full subsidiary of Sony Corporation that was established on November 16, 1993 in Tokyo, Japan. ...


Seventh generation game consoles

Kutaragi has labeled the Xbox 360 as "just an Xbox 1.5" and stated that it was "only going after PlayStation 2" [8]. Kutaragi also touted a number of hardware features to tout the PS3's superiority over the Xbox 360 which never actually made it into the final hardware[9]. However, SCE Executive Tetsuhiko Yasuda does not consider Microsoft to be a competitor, and has said that they might consider working on games together [10]. The Xbox 360 is the successor to Microsofts Xbox video game console, developed in cooperation with IBM, ATI, Samsung and SiS. Information on the console first came through viral marketing campaigns and it was officially unveiled on MTV on May 12, 2005, with detailed launch and game information divulged... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ...


On September 8th 2006 Kutaragi admitted that the shortage of Playstation 3 consoles to North America and Japan as well as the postponing of the consoles debut in Europe put Sony's strength in hardware in decline [11].


2006/2007 SCEI management shuffle

On November 30, 2006, Kutaragi was replaced as President of Sony Computer Entertainment by Kaz Hirai, the President of SCE America. In addition to other management changes, Kutaragi was promoted to chairman of SCEI, and retained his position as chief executive officer of the group.[12] November 30 is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Kazuo Kaz Hirai (Japanese: Hirai Kazuo, born 1964) is the current President and Group Chief Operating Officer of Sony Computer Entertainment, Inc. ...


On April 26, 2007 It was announced that Sony made Kutaragi retire and instead take up the role of Honorary Chairman. Taking over his position will be current SCEI president and CEO Kaz Hirai, who will be promoted to president and CEO. [13][14] is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


While it was originally expected to give Sony new momentum, PS3 sales were ultimately disappointing, and according to the Wall Street Journal article, the company is now dealing with $2 billion in losses related to its video games division over the past year (ending March 31.) Sony CEO Howard Stringer has famously been reshuffling the company's executive lineup since last fall.[citation needed] On May 14th 2007 Kutaragi was sent home from his office because he had been a bad boy. Sir Howard Stringer Sir Howard Stringer (born 1942) is a British-American businessman and Chief Executive Officer of Sony Corporation, before that he was CEO of the Sony Corporation of America. ...


References

  1. ^ "Sony profits plunge 98%". BBC (July 24, 2003). Retrieved on 2006-09-23.
  2. ^ "PLAYSTATION 2 BREAKS RECORD AS THE FASTEST COMPUTER ENTERTAINMENT PLATFORM TO REACH CUMULATIVE SHIPMENT OF 100 MILLION UNITS". Sony Computer Entertainment (30 November, 2005). Retrieved on 2006-09-23.
  3. ^ "TIME 100: Most Influential People 2004". Time Magazine (26 April, 2004). Retrieved on 2006-09-23.
  4. ^ a b c "Mr. Idei's Kurosawa Ending - The Rise of Howard Stringer at Sony is More Properly the Fall of Ken Kutaragi". PBS (10 March, 2005). Retrieved on 2006-10-12.
  5. ^ "Sony learned its lesson in digital music, says exec". Macworld (21 January, 2005). Retrieved on 2006-09-23.
  6. ^ "Sony hit by drop in games sales". BBC (April 27, 2004). Retrieved on 2006-09-23.
  7. ^ "Xbox officially outsells PS2 in US". GameSpot (March 26, 2004). Retrieved on 2006-09-23.
  8. ^ "Xbox 360 = Xbox 1.5? Kutaragi trashtalkin'!". Engadget (May 25, 2005). Retrieved on 2006-09-23.
  9. ^ Broken Promises: A Closer Look at the PS3. GamePro.com. Retrieved on 2006-11-20.
  10. ^ "Sony would consider working with "non-competitor" Microsoft". Joystiq (February 25, 2006). Retrieved on 2006-09-23.
  11. ^ "Kutaragi: Sony Hardware 'In Decline'". BetaNews (September 08, 2006). Retrieved on 2006-09-23.
  12. ^ Sony Computer Entertainment, Inc. (2006-11-30). SCE Announces New Management Team (PDF). Retrieved on 2006-11-30.
  13. ^ "Kutaragi to retire from executive role at Sony". gamesindustry.biz (April 26, 2007). Retrieved on 2007-04-26.
  14. ^ "Farewell Mr Playstation". mvcuk (April 26, 2007). Retrieved on 2007-04-26.

http://news.com.com/8301-10784_3-9712823-7.html?part=rss&subj=news&tag=2547-1_3-0-5 The British Broadcasting Corporation, usually known as the BBC, is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... Sony Computer Entertainment, Incorporated ) (SCEI) is a Japanese video game company specializing in a variety of areas in the video game industry, mostly in video game consoles and is a full subsidiary of Sony Corporation that was established on November 16, 1993 in Tokyo, Japan. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... (Clockwise from upper left) Time magazine covers from May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... MacWorld magazine (April 2004) Macworld is a monthly computer magazine dedicated to Macintosh products. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, usually known as the BBC, is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... Engadget is a popular technology weblog and podcast about consumer electronics. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Joystiq is a video gaming weblog founded in June 2004 that has since become one of the most successful sites within the Weblogs, Inc. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... Sony Computer Entertainment, Incorporated ) (SCEI) is a Japanese video game company specializing in a variety of areas in the video game industry, mostly in video game consoles and is a full subsidiary of Sony Corporation that was established on November 16, 1993 in Tokyo, Japan. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 30 is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 30 is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... GamesIndustry. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


[Farewell, Father]


See also

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ... In the history of video games, the 16-bit era was the fourth generation of video game consoles. ... Below is a list of game industry people, people who work or have worked in the video game industry, on video or computer games. ... The SONY SPC700 is the 8-bit sound chip used in the Super Famicom/Super Nintendo Entertainment System video game console together with a DSP. The SPC700 chip was very advanced for its time (1991) and may in some ways be said to rival todays wavetable synthesizer sound cards. ... Gamers play Sonys PS3 in TGS 2006 Booths at the Tokyo Game Show in 2004 The Tokyo Game Show , or simply TGS) is a video game expo / convention held in Tokyo, Japan. ... Kazuo Kaz Hirai (Japanese: Hirai Kazuo, born 1964) is the current President and Group Chief Operating Officer of Sony Computer Entertainment, Inc. ... Sir Howard Stringer Sir Howard Stringer (born 1942) is a British-American businessman and Chief Executive Officer of Sony Corporation, before that he was CEO of the Sony Corporation of America. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

External links

  • Playing His Way to the Next Level – By Jim Frederick, TIME (with reporting by Toko Sekiguchi), 2003
  • Sony E3 Public Convention 2005, featuring Ken Kutaragi (starting at 05:15)
  • Farewell, Father - By Rob Fahey, a retrospective on Kutaragi's career.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ken Kutaragi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1215 words)
Ken Kutaragi (久夛良木 健 Kutaragi Ken, born August 8, 1950) is currently the President and CEO of Sony Computer Entertainment, the videogames division of Sony Corporation.
Ken was recognized by many financial and technological publications for this success, most notably when he was named one of the 100 most influential people of 2004 in TIME magazine [2] and the "Gutenberg of Video Games".
Kutaragi's rival for the top position, Howard Stringer, was given the less difficult assignment of the content business and his success at Sony BMG resulted in his promotion.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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