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Encyclopedia > Ken Arok

Ken Arok or Ken Angrok, (d. around 1227) was the founder and first ruler of the Singhasari Kingdom, an ancient Hindu-Budhist kingdom in the East Java area of Indonesia. He came from a humble origins but subsequently rose to be the most powerful ruler in Java. His life was coloured with adventures, treacheries, and tragedies. Events Henry III of England declares himself of age and assumes power Births September 30 - Pope Nicholas IV Deaths March 18 - Pope Honorius III (b. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... A Hindu (archaic Hindoo), as per modern definition is an adherent of philosophies and scriptures of Hinduism, the predominant religious, philosophical and cultural system of the Indian subcontinent and the island of Bali. ... In Hindu mythology, Budha (not to be confused with Buddha) is the name for the planet Mercury, a son of Chandra (the moon) with either Tara or Rohini. ... Map showing East Java within Indonesia East Java (Indonesian: Jawa Timur) is one of Indonesias 32 provinces. ... View of the Puncak area in West Java Java (Indonesian: Jawa) is the most populous of Indonesias islands, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ...

Contents


Early Live

According the Pararaton, an ancient book about Javanese history, Ken Arok was the son of a peasant Ken Endok, wife of a Brahmin Gajahpura in the kingdom of Kediri. His family was just a poor peasant family on the banks of the Brantas river in East Java. The Pararaton, also known as the Book of Kings, is a 16 century manuscript in the Kawi language, which contains a history and genealogy of the kings of Java. ... In a detail of Brueghels Land of Cockaigne (1567) a soft-boiled egg has little feet to rush to the luxuriating peasant who catches drops of honey on his tongue, while roast pigs roam wild: the 16th century was a good time for European peasants A peasant, from 15th... Panini // Who is a Brahmin? To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Kediri was a Hindu kingdom based in East Java from 1045 to 1221. ... Map showing East Java within Indonesia East Java (Indonesian: Jawa Timur) is one of Indonesias 32 provinces. ...


Baby Ken Arok was placed in the Brantas river by his parents who hoped he would be found by a wealthier family and get a better life. However, Ken Arok was found by a thief called Lembong. His foster father later taught him all his criminal skills and young Ken Arok grew to be the most cunning thief in Kediri. Doing much mischief and crimes, he was known all the way to the capital. Many people were sent to catch him, but none were succesfull. Kediri was a Hindu kingdom based in East Java from 1045 to 1221. ...


One day Ken Arok met with Mpu Lohgawe, a priest who patiently taught Ken Arok to abandon his sinful life and start a new life. His effort was successful and later he managed to get Ken Arok to become an attendant of Tunggul Ametung, a powerful regional leader of the Tumapel area. Roman Catholic priest LCDR Allen R. Kuss (USN) aboard USS Enterprise A priest or priestess is a holy man or woman who takes an officiating role in worship of any religion, with the distinguishing characteristic of offering sacrifices. ...


One day, Ken Arok accidentally saw Ken Dedes, a beautiful wife of Tunggul Ametung when she was taking a bath. Legend said when the wind blow over her dress and revealed her legs, Ken Arok said that he saw a beautiful light shining. He later told this to his teacher, who stated that it was a sign that Ken Dedes would bear a royal dynasty and any man that took her as wife will be a King. Ken Arok, already infatuated by her beauty now became even more eager to take her, by any means including killing Tunggul Ametung if necessary. By this time, Ken Arok had actually had a wife named Ken Umang, a woman came from his village and left her pregnant. This article does not make a clear distinction between fact and fiction. ... This article does not make a clear distinction between fact and fiction. ... // For other uses, see Dynasty (disambiguation). ...


Kris of Mpu Gandring

Tunggul Ametung however was a very powerful man and held an important position. Thus, Ken Arok needed an exceptionly strong weapon and also had do it without himself being punished for the crime. He managed to get it by ordering a kris from a famous smith called Mpu Gandring. However the kris casting took a very long time. After several months, an impatient Ken Arok visited Mpu Gandring to check on the kris' progress. He saw that the kris had already taken shape and was strong enough to be called an exceptional weapon. However Mpu Gandring stated that he still need several months doing rituals to imbue more magical power to it to make the kris not only strong but also to prevent it from becoming an evil weapon. The kris or keris is a distinctive, asymmetrical dagger indigenous to Malaysia and Indonesia. ... Mpu Gandring was a well known famous Keris maker, a type of Javanese knife, who lived during the Kediri era. ... The bayonet, still used in war as both knife and spearpoint. ... A ritual is a formalised, predetermined set of symbolic actions generally performed in a particular environment at a regular, recurring interval. ... Evil is a term describing that which is regarded as morally bad, intrinsically corrupt, wantonly destructive, inhumane, or wicked. ...


Ken Arok became furious on hearing this. Knowing that Ken Dedes was pregnant, and determined to murder Tunggul Ametung before his wife gave birth to a possible son and heir, he took the kris from its maker and stabbed Mpu Gandring. With his last breath Mpu Gandring famously cursed Ken Arok that he himself and seven generations of his descendants will be killed by that cursed kris. A pregnant woman Pregnancy is the process by which a mammalian female carries a live offspring from conception until it develops to the point where the offspring is capable of living outside the womb. ... For other uses, see inheritance (disambiguation). ... Cursed can refer to: Curse Cursed (movie) Cursed (band) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Now owning an exceptional weapon, Ken Arok got ready for next step of his plan. He gave the kris to Kebo Ijo, another attendant of Tunggul Ametung, a greedy man known to be fond of collecting kris. As Ken Arok thought, Kebo Ijo showed his new kris to every man he met. The kris was not only strong but also had a unique pattern that made it easily recognized. Soon almost all people in Tumapel knew about the kris. The kris or keris is a distinctive, asymmetrical dagger indigenous to Malaysia and Indonesia. ... A pattern is a form, template, or model (or, more abstractly, a set of rules) which can be used to make or to generate things or parts of a thing, especially if the things that are generated have enough in common for the underlying pattern to be inferred or discerned...


One night, Ken Arok stole the kris from Kebo Ijo when he fell asleep. He then secretly went to Tunggul Ametung's room and stabbed him to death. Ken Arok left the kris at the scene. According to plan in the morning all Tumapel was shocked about Tunggul Ametung's death. When they found the kris, spontaniously they accused Kebo Ijo of being the assassin. Before Kebo Ijo was able to defend himself, Ken Arok stabbed him to death, on the pretext of revenging Tunggul Ametung. Jack Ruby murdered the assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, in a very public manner. ...


Ken Arok was able to kill Tunggul Ametung, took Ken Dedes to be his wife and proclaimed himself the new ruler of Tumapel.


The ambition of Ken Arok did not stop in Tumapel. In 1222, at the battle of Ganter he defeated king Kertajaya of Kediri and founded the new kingdom of Singhasari. Kediri became a fief under the kingdom of Singhasari. Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century Decades: 1170s 1180s 1190s 1200s 1210s - 1220s - 1230s 1240s 1250s 1260s 1270s Years: 1217 1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 1227 See also: 1222 state leaders Events Foundation of the University of Padua Completion of the Cistercian convent in Alcobaca... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


Rule and his death

Ken Arok thus founded a new kingdom and started a new dynasty. He took the title Sri Ranggah Rajasa Bhatara Amurwabhumi, and his dynasty was called the Rajasa Dynasty. His new kingdom was centered in Singhasari ( now in Malang municipality), about 50 kilometres east of Kediri. To legitimate his ascension - since Ken Arok came from a peasant family, not a noble one- he claimed to be a son of Shiva. Malang is the second largest city in East Java province, Indonesia with an ancient history dating back to the Mataram Kingdom. ... Noble is the guitarist of British Sea Power. ... Shiva (Sanskrit: शिव or श्रीशिव (when used to distinguish lordly status), and written Śiva in the official IAST transliteration, pronounced as shιvə) is a form of Ishvara or God in the later Vedic scriptures of Hinduism. ...


Ken Arok's rule however was short. Anusapati, son of Ken Dedes and Tunggul Ametung and thus his step son for a long time suspected Ken Arok in his father's death. One day after finding out the truth, he himself killed Ken Arok. Legend says that Anusapati used the kris of Mpu Gandring, the same kris that Ken Arok used to kill Tunggul Ametung, and thus starting the fullfilllment of Mpu Gandring's curse. Anusapati in the end was also killed by the same kris by his step brother, Panji Tohjaya. Thus, the end of Ken Arok's life and the bloody chapter that ensued are roughly comparable to the end of Julius Caesar's rule in the history of the Roman Empire. Anusapati was the second king of Singhasari Anusapati was the son of Tunggul Ametung, the first husband of Ken Dedes. ... The kris or keris is a distinctive, asymmetrical dagger indigenous to Malaysia and Indonesia. ... This article needs cleanup. ... A bust of Julius Caesar. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ...


Still popular

Today, the story of Ken Arok is very popular as a legend in Central and East Java. He is subject of several books, movies, and traditional javanese theater (Ketoprak). He is remembered both as a cunning and treacherous man but also as a man with a strong will to pursue his dream. It is believed that all of Kings and Queens ever ruled in Java Island (Ancient Mataram, Majapahit and Islamic Mataram) are the descendants of Ken Arok. Map of Central Java province within Indonesia Central Java (Indonesian: Jawa Tengah) is a province of Indonesia. ... Map showing East Java within Indonesia East Java (Indonesian: Jawa Timur) is one of Indonesias 32 provinces. ... The Majapahit Empire was based in eastern Java and ruled much of the southern Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra, and Bali from about 1293 to around 1500. ... Mataram was the last major independent Javanese empire on Java before the island was colonized by the Dutch. ...


See also

- Kediri. Kediri was a Hindu kingdom based in East Java from 1045 to 1221. ...


- Singhasari. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


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