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Encyclopedia > Kelileh va Demneh

The Panchatantra (also spelled Pañcatantra, Sanskrit पञ्चतन्त्र "Five Chapters" , Kelileh va Demneh or Kalilag and Damnag in Persian) is a collection of Sanskrit fables in prose and verse. The original version, now lost, was written around 200 BC and is attributed to Vishnu Sarma. The Sanskrit language ( संस्कृता वाक्) is one of the earliest attested members of the Indo-European language family and is not only a classical language, but also an official language of India. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC - 200s BC - 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC Years: 205 BC 204 BC 203 BC 202 BC 201 BC - 200 BC - 199 BC 198 BC... Vishnu Sarma was the author of the anthropomorphic political treatise called Panchatantra. ...


The work illustrates the central priniciples of Raja neeti (political science) through animal stories. The five principles illustrated are:

  • Mitra Bhedha (The Loss of Friends)
  • Mitra Laabha (Gaining Friends)
  • Suhrudbheda (Causing Dissension Between Friends)
  • Vigraha (Separation)
  • Sandhi (Union)

The Panchatantra reached its current form in the 4th-6th centuries AD. One of the most influential Sanskrit contributions to world literature, it was exported to China and South East Asia by Buddhist Monks on Pilgrimage.During Khosrau I of Persia era , his famous minister Burzoe translated indian Panchatantra from Sanscrit into middle persian language of Pahlavi and called it Kelileh va Demneh which later on from its Persian version it translated to various languages including Arabic which after muslim invasion of Persia (Iran) was the first language to be translted to from Persian.From Persian it then transmitted in the 11th century to Greece and thence to the rest of Europe. But it was a 12th century Hebrew translation that became the source of most European versions. The French fabulist Jean de La Fontaine acknowledged his indebtedness the work in the introduction to his Second Fables: (3rd century - 4th century - 5th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 4th century was that century which lasted from 301 to 400. ... This Buddhist stela from China, Northern Wei period, was built in the early 6th century. ... Open Directory Project: Literature World Literature Electronic Text Archives Magazines and E-zines Online Writing Writers Resources Libraries, Digital Cataloguing, Metadata Distance Learning What is Literature? Dictionary of the History of Ideas: Classicism in Literature The Universal Library, by Carnegie Mellon University Project Gutenberg Online Library Abacci - Project Gutenberg texts... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Statues of Buddha such as this, the Tian Tan Buddha statue in Hong Kong, remind followers to practice right living. ... A Roman Catholic monk A monk is a person who practices monasticism, adopting a strict religious and ascetic lifestyle, usually in community with others following the same path. ... Pilgrim at Mecca A pilgrimage is a term primarily used in religion and spirituality of a long journey or search of great moral significance. ... Khosrau I, the Blessed (Anushirvan), (531 - 579) was the favourite son and successor of Kavadh I, and the most famous of the Sassanid kings. ... Burzoe (Bozorgmehr or Borzoyeh) is a famous Iranian man of learning and politician who lived and worked in the Sassanid Empire of Persia in the sixth century. ... ... The Pahlavi script was used broadly in the Sasanid Persian Empire to write down Middle Persian for secular, as well as religious purposes. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... World map showing location of Europe When considered a continent, Europe is the worlds second-smallest continent in terms of area, with an area of 10,600,000 km² (4,140,625 square miles), making it larger than Australia only. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... Hebrew is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken by 6 million people mainly in Israel, parts of the Palestinian territories, the United States and by Jewish communities around the world. ... This article is about the continent. ... Jean de La Fontaine (c. ...

"This is a second book of fables that I present to the public... I have to acknowledge that the greatest part is inspired from Pilpay, an Indian Sage" ("Je dirai par reconnaissance que j’en dois la plus grande partie à Pilpay sage indien") Avertissement to the Second Compilation of Fables, 1678, Jean de La Fontaine

The stories also travelled to Indonesia in both oral and written forms. Similar tales are found in almost all cultures of the world - many folklorists look upon India as the source of all the tales. (Syriac: Kalilag and Damnag, Arabic: Kalila wa Dimna), is the name of the translation into Syriac of the Sanskrit Panchatantra literary work of fables originating in India. ... Look up Culture on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Wikinews has news related to this article: Culture and entertainment Dictionary of the History of Ideas: Cultural Development in Antiquity Dictionary of the History of Ideas: Culture and Civilization in Modern Times Classificatory system for cultures and civilizations, by Dr. Sam Vaknin...


See also

Hitopadesa is similar to the Panchatantra, but an independent collection of stories. ... (Syriac: Kalilag and Damnag, Arabic: Kalila wa Dimna), is the name of the translation into Syriac of the Sanskrit Panchatantra literary work of fables originating in India. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Pakistan encyclopedia : Cultural Information , Maps, Pakistan politics and officials, Pakistan History. Travel to ... (1966 words)
Persian poets such as Sa'di, Hafiz, and Rumi are read all over the world and have had a great influence on the literature of many countries.
Kelileh va Demneh Persian manuscript copy dated 1429, from Herat, depicts the Jackal trying to lead the Lion astray.
Kelileh va Demneh (translated from an Indian folk tale)
Panchatantra - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (393 words)
The Panchatantra (also spelled Pañcatantra, Sanskrit पञ्चतन्त्र "Five Chapters", Kelileh va Demneh or Kalilag and Damnag in Persian) is a collection of Sanskrit fables in prose and verse.
The original version, now lost, was written around 200 BC and is attributed to Vishnu Sarma.
During the Khosrau I of Persia era, his famous minister Burzoe translated the Indian Panchatantra from Sanskrit into the middle Persian language of Pahlavi and called it Kelileh va Demneh.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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