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Encyclopedia > Keishicho (to 1945)
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The Teikoku Keishichō (帝国警視庁) or Keishichō (Imperial Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department) was the regular and common criminal and civil security police service, in Tōkyō and nearby metropolitan areas, in Japan, from 1874 to 1945. See Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department for the current arrangements. for other uses please see Crime (disambiguation) A crime is an act that violates a political or moral law. ... Look up Civil in Wiktionary, the free dictionary The word Civil is derived from the Latin word civilis, from civis (citizen). Used as an adjective, it may describe several fields, concepts, and people: Civil death Civil defense Civil disobedience Civil engineering Civil law Civil liberties Civil libertarianism Civil marriage Civil... The modern skyline of Tokyo is highly decentralized. ... When the word metropolitan (from the Greek metera = mother and polis = town) is used as an adjective, as in metropolitan bishop, metropolitan France, or metropolitan area it can mean: of or characteristic of a metropolis; see also metropolitan area, Metropolitan Police, Metropolitan Railway of or belonging to the home territories... Jump to: navigation, search 1874 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... External link Metropolitan Police Department Categories: Japan-related stubs | Tokyo | Law enforcement in Japan ...


History

The old samurai police force of the Shogun was dismantled with the coming of the Meiji Restoration and a new system was to be put into place. Toshiyoshi Kawaji went for a tour of Europe in 1872 and returned with the influences of France's Third Republic and Prussia's police forces as his models. Formerly, Japan had been divided into regions controlled by the ruling daimyo. This system was abolished in 1871 and a new division into ken (prefectures) came into effect. The Naimusho (Home Ministry) came into being in 1873 and, with the restructuring, they began to implement the new system. Jump to: navigation, search Japanese samurai in armour, 1860 photograph. ... Jump to: navigation, search In Japanese history, a shogun (将軍 shōgun) was the practical ruler of Japan for most of the time from 1192 to the Meiji Era beginning in 1868. ... The Meiji Restoration (Japanese: 明治維新, Meiji-ishin), also known as the Meiji Ishin, Revolution or Renewal, was a chain of events that led to a change in Japans political and social structure. ... The French Third Republic, (in French, Troisième Republique, sometimes written as IIIème Republique) ( 1870/ 75- 1940/ 46), was the governing body of France between the Second French Empire and the Fourth Republic. ... Jump to: navigation, search The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (German: Preußen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: PrÅ«sai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad... Jump to: navigation, search Daimyo Matsudaira Katamori visits the residence of a retainer. ... Ken was a rare type of tanto. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Home Ministry (内務省 naimushō) managed the internal affairs of Japan from its founding in 1873, during the Meiji Restoration, to its dissolution during the occupation period in 1947. ...


In 1874, Kawaji became the commander of the "Keishicho" (Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department) and began his reorganization program. Other police and military changes occurred during this time of massive innovation in Japan.


See police services of the Empire of Japan for a survey of the later complexities of the system.


This was the Japanese equivalent of the German Kriminalpolizei and Ordnungspolizei civil police service. The service later came under military command, as part of the defensive militia, in the final days of the Pacific War. It was set to fight of the enemy invasion of mainland Japan. The Kriminalpolizei was the professional detective service of Germany between 1936 and 1945. ... Flag of the Ordnungspolizei The Ordnungspolizei was the name for the regular German police force that existed in Nazi Germany between the years of 1936 and 1945. ... US landings in the Pacific, 1942–1945 The Pacific War, which is known in Japan as the Greater East Asia War, occurred in the Pacific Ocean, its islands, and in Asia. ...


The institution was disbanded by the Allied Authorities in 1945, and replaced by the new National Police Agency (Japan) operating from the 1950s to the present day. In general, allies are people or groups that have joined an alliance and are working together to achieve some common purpose. ... The National Police Agency (警察庁 Keisatsucho) is the central coordinating body of the Japanese police system. ...


 
 

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