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Encyclopedia > Kazimir Malevich
Kazimir Malevich

Self-Portrait, 1912
Birth name Kazimir Severinovich Malevich
Born February 23, 1878
Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire
Died May 15, 1935
Leningrad, Soviet Union
Field Painting
Training Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture
Movement Suprematism
Famous works Black Square, 1915

Kazimir Severinovich Malevich (Russian: Казимир Северинович Малевич, Polish: Malewicz, Ukrainian Казимір Северинович Малевич, German: Kasimir Malewitsch), (February 23, 1878May 15, 1935) was a painter and art theoretician, pioneer of geometric abstract art and one of the most important members of the Russian avant-garde. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 571 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (667 × 700 pixel, file size: 78 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Self Portrait, 1908 http://www. ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted Coordinates: , Country Ukraine Oblast Kiev City Municipality Raion Municipality Government  - Mayor Leonid Chernovetskyi Elevation 179 m (587 ft) Population (2006)  - City 4,450,968  - Density 3,299/km² (8,544. ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Leningrad (Russian: Ленинград) may mean: St. ... Painter redirects here. ... School of painting, sculpturing and architecture - the Moscow school of painting, sculpturing and the architecture, the largest alongside with St. ... This term is not to be confused with supremacism. ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ... This article is about the philosophical concept of Art. ... In mathematics, theory is used informally to refer to a body of knowledge about mathematics. ... Suprematist painting by Kazimir Malevich Geometric abstract art is a form of abstract art based on the use of simple geometric forms placed in nonillusionistic space and combined into nonobjective compositions. ... Lissitzky, Beat the Whites With the Red Wedge, lithograph, 1919 The Russian avant-garde is an umbrella term used to define the large, influential wave of modern art that flourished in Russia from approximately 1890 to 1930 - although some place its beginning as early as 1850 and its end as...

Contents

Life and work

Kazimir Malevich was born near Kiev, Ukraine. His parents, Seweryn and Ludwika Malewicz, were Polish-Belarusians and Catholics, and he was baptized in the Roman Catholic Church. His father was the manager of a sugar factory. Kazimir was the first of fourteen children, although only nine of the children survived into adulthood. His family moved often and he spent most of his childhood in the villages of Ukraine beside sugar-beet plantations, far from centers of culture. Until age 12 or 13 he knew nothing of professional artists, though peasant art had surrounded him in childhood. He delighted in peasant embroidery, and in decorated walls and stoves. He himself was able to paint in the peasant style. He studied drawing in Kiev from 1895 to 1896. Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted Coordinates: , Country Ukraine Oblast Kiev City Municipality Raion Municipality Government  - Mayor Leonid Chernovetskyi Elevation 179 m (587 ft) Population (2006)  - City 4,450,968  - Density 3,299/km² (8,544. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic...

Black Square, 1915, Oil on Canvas, State Russian Museum, St.Petersburg
Black Square, 1915, Oil on Canvas, State Russian Museum, St.Petersburg

In 1904, after the death of his father, he moved to Moscow. He studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture from 1904 to 1910 and in the studio of Fedor Rerberg in Moscow (19041910). In 1911 he participated in the second exhibition of the group Soyuz Molodyozhi (Union of Youth) in St. Petersburg, together with Vladimir Tatlin and, in 1912, the group held its third exhibition, including works by Aleksandra Ekster, Tatlin and others. In the same year he participated in exhibition of the collective Donkey's Tail in Moscow. By that time his works were influenced by Natalia Goncharova and Mikhail Larionov, Russian avant-guarde painters who were particularly interested in Russian folk art called lubok. In March 1913 in Moscow was opened a major exhibition of Aristarkh Lentulov's paintings. The effect of this exhibition was comparable with the one of Paul Cezanne in Paris in 1907, as all the main Russian avant-garde artists of the time including Malevich immediately absorbed the cubist principles and started using them in his works. Already in the same year Cubo-Futurist opera Victory Over the Sun with Malevich's stage-set became a great success. In 1914 Malevich exhibited his works in the Salon des Independants in Paris together with Alexander Archipenko, Sonia Delaunay, Aleksandra Ekster and Vadim Meller, among others. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (820x812, 41 KB) Summary Kasimir Malevich, Black Square, 1913, Oil on Canvas, State Russian Museum, St. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (820x812, 41 KB) Summary Kasimir Malevich, Black Square, 1913, Oil on Canvas, State Russian Museum, St. ... The State Russian Museum, formerly the Russian Museum of His Imperial Majesty Alexander III, is the largest depository of the Russian fine art in St Petersburg. ... Moscow (Moskva) (Russian: , romanised: Moskva, IPA: see also other names) is the capital of Russia and the countrys economic, financial, educational, and transportation centre. ... School of painting, sculpturing and architecture - the Moscow school of painting, sculpturing and the architecture, the largest alongside with St. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... David Burlyuk, Portrait of Vaily Kamensky, 1917 Soyuz Molodyozhi (Union of the Youths, Russian: ) was an artistic group and an art magazine of Russian avant-garde organized in 1910. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Vladimir Yevgrafovich Tatlin (Владимир Евграфович Татлин) (December 28, 1885 (OS: December 16) – May 31, 1953) worked as a painter and architect. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Donkeys Tail (Russian: ) was a Russian artistic group created from the most radical members of the Jack of Diamonds group. ... Self Portrait with Yellow Lilies. ... Self-Portrait, 1910 Mikhail Fyodorovich Larionov (1881-1964) was a celebrated Russian painter, husband of Natalia Goncharova. ... In Russian, Lubok (Cyrillic: Лубок) stands for: The bark of tilia, which had a variety of uses in Russia. ... Saint Basils Cathedral, 1913 Aristarkh Lentulov (Russian: Лентулов, Аристарх Васильевич) (1882 - 1943) was a Russian avant garde artist who also worked for theatre. ... Categories: 1839 births | 1906 deaths | French painters | Post-impressionism | Artist stubs ... Woman with a guitar by Georges Braque, 1913 Cubist villa in Prague, Czech Republic Cubist house in Prague, Czech Republic Cubist House of the Black Madonna, Prague, Czech Republic Cubism was a 20th century art movement that revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired related movements in music and literature. ... El Lissitzkys poster for a post-revolutionary production of the Victory Over the Sun. ... El Lissitzkys poster for a post-revolutionary production of the opera. ... Salon des Indépendants is an exhibition of free artists held annually since the 10th of december1884 in Paris, France. ... Alexander Porfiryevich Archipenko (1887 - 1964) was a U.S. (Russian-born) sculptor. ... Sonia Delaunay (née Terk) (1885–1979) was a Ukrainian painter, born in Odessa, Ukraine, as Sonia Terk to a Jewish family. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Sketch of the decoration to the performance Hello, on the wave 477 1929 Vadym Meller (or Vadim Meller, 1884–1962) was a Ukrainian-Russian Soviet painter, avant-garde artist (Cubist, Constructivist), theatrical designer, book illustrator and architect. ...


It remains one of a great mysteries of 20th century art, how, while leading a comfortable career, during which he just followed all the latest trends in art, in 1915 Malevich suddenly came up with the idea of Suprematism. The fact that Malevich throughout all his life was signing and re-signing his works using earlier dates makes this u-turn in his artistic career even more ambiguous. However in 1915 he published his manifesto From Cubism to Suprematism. In 1915-1916 he worked with other Suprematist artists in a peasant/artisan co-operative in Skoptsi and Verbovka village. In 1916-1917 he participated in exhibitions of the Jack of Diamonds group in Moscow together with Nathan Altman, David Burliuk and A. Ekster, among others. Famous examples of his Suprematist works include Black Square (1915) and White on White (1918). This term is not to be confused with supremacism. ... A cooperative (also co-operative or co-op) comprises a legal entity owned and democratically controlled by its members, with no passive shareholders. ... As of 1911, the Skoptzy (скопцы, also transliterated as Skoptzi, Skoptsi, Scoptsy and other spellings) were a secret sect of Russia. ... Verbovka, in province of Kiev. ... Robert Falk Still life with ficus 1913 Jack of Diamonds (Russian: ), also called Knave Of Diamonds are a group of artists founded in 1909 in Moscow. ... Altman Nathan (1889-1977) - Russian avant-garde artist (Cubist), painter, stage designer and book illustrator. ... David Burliuk Revolution, 1917 David or Davyd Burliuk (July 21, 1882–January 15, 1967) was a Ukrainian- Russian avant-garde artist (Futurist, Neo-Primitivist), book illustrator, publicist, and author associated with Russian Futurism. ...


Malevich also acknowledged that his fascination with aerial photography and aviation led him to abstractions inspired by or derived from aerial landscapes. Harvard doctoral candidate Julia Bekman Chadaga writes: “In his later writings, Malevich defined the 'additional element' as the quality of any new visual environment bringing about a change in perception .... In a series of diagrams illustrating the ‘environments' that influence various painterly styles, the Suprematist is associated with a series of aerial views rendering the familiar landscape into an abstraction..." (Excerpted from Ms. Bekman Chadaga's paper delivered at Columbia University's 2000 symposium, Technology, and Modernity in Russia and Eastern Europe') The Denver, Colorado skyline shot from a Cessna. ... Aviation refers to flying using aircraft, machines designed by humans for atmospheric flight. ... Black square by Kazimir Malevich Abstract art is now generally understood to mean art that does not depict objects in the natural world, but instead uses colour and form in a non-representational way. ... An example of artistic depiction of an aerial landscape: Jane Frank (Jane Schenthal Frank, 1918-1986), Aerial Series: Ploughed Fields, Maryland, 1974, acrylic and mixed materials on apertured double canvas, 52x48. Aerial landscape art is painting or other visual art which depicts or evokes the appearance of a landscape... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...

Self-portrait, 1933 (detail)

Malevich was a member of the Collegium on the Arts of Narkompros, the commission for the protection of monuments and the museums commission (all from 1918-1919). He taught at the Vitebsk Practical Art School in the USSR (now part of Belarus) (1919-1922), the Leningrad Academy of Arts (1922-1927), the Kiev State Art Institute (1927-1929), and the House of the Arts in Leningrad (1930). He wrote the book The World as Non-Objectivity (Munich 1926; English trans. 1976) which outlines his Suprematist theories. Kazimir Malevich: Self portrait (thumbnail, detail) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Kazimir Malevich: Self portrait (thumbnail, detail) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Narkompros (Наркомпрос) is an abbreviation for the Peoples Commissariat for Enlightenment (Народный комиссариат просвещен&#1080... Coat of arms of Vitebsk. ... The edifice for the academy was built in 1764-89 to a design by Jean-Baptiste Vallin de la Mothe and Alexander F. Kokorinov. ...


In 1927, he traveled to Warsaw and then to Germany for a retrospective that brought him international fame, and arranged to leave most of the paintings behind when he returned to the Soviet Union. When the Stalinist regime turned against modernist "bourgeois" art, Malevich was persecuted. Many of his works were confiscated or destroyed, and he died in poverty and obscurity in Leningrad, Soviet Union (today Saint Petersburg, Russia). Motto: Contemnit procellas (It defies the storms) Semper invicta (Always invincible) Coordinates: , Country  Poland Voivodeship Masovia Powiat city county Gmina Warszawa Districts 18 boroughs City Rights turn of the 13th century Government  - Mayor Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz (PO) Area  - City 516. ... For architecture, see Stalinist architecture. ... For Christian theological modernism, see Liberal Christianity and Modernism (Roman Catholicism). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Critics derided Malevich for reaching art by negating everything good and pure: love of life and love of nature. The Westernizer artist and art historian Alexandre Benois was one such critic. Malevich responded that art can advance and develop for art's sake alone, regardless of its pleasure: art does not need us, and it never needed us since stars first shone in the sky. Alexandre Nikolayevich Benois (May 4, 1870, St Petersburg - February 9, 1960, Paris) was probably the most important member of the artistic Benois family. ...


Malevich's work only recently reappeared in art exhibitions in Russia after a long absence. Since then art followers have labored to reintroduce the artist to Russian lovers of painting. A book of his theoretical works with an anthology of reminiscences and writings has been published. Many stains on his reputation in Russia remain, however. Recently Ukrainian art followers established the precise birthdate of the artist: February 23, 1879. Malevich and Ukraine, by professor D. Gorbachev, 2006, Kiev, reveals many new biographical details.


Trivia

The possible smuggling of surviving Malevich paintings out of Russia is a key to the plot line of Martin Cruz Smith's thriller "Red Square". Noah Charney's novel, "The Art Thief" (published by Atria) tells the story of two stolen Malevich White on White paintings, and discusses the implications of Malevich's radical Suprematist compositions on the art world. Martin Cruz Smith (né Martin William Smith, later changed his middle name to Cruz after his grandmothers surname) was born in Reading, Pennsylvania, USA in 1942. ... Red Square is a Crime Novel by Martin Cruz Smith, set in the Soviet Union in the 1991. ...


Selected works

  • 1912 Morning in the Country after Snowstorm
  • 1912 The Woodcutter
  • 1912-13 Reaper on Red Background
  • 1914 The Aviator
  • 1914 An Englishman in Moscow
  • 1914 Soldier of the First Division
  • 1915 Black Square and Red Square
  • 1915 Red Square: Painterly Realism of a Peasant Woman in Two Dimensions
  • 1915 Suprematist Composition
  • 1915 Suprematism (1915)
  • 1915 Suprematist Painting: Aeroplane Flying
  • 1915 Suprematism: Self-Portrait in Two Dimensions
  • 1915-16 Suprematist Painting (Ludwigshafen)
  • 1916 Suprematist Painting (1916)
  • 1916 Supremus No. 56
  • 1916-17 Suprematism (1916-17)
  • 1917 Suprematist Painting (1917)
  • 1928-32 Complex Presentiment: Half-Figure in a Yellow Shirt
  • 1932-34 Running Man

See also

Liubov Popova, Painterly Architectonics, 1917 Liubov Sergeyevna Popova (Любовь Сергеевна Попова) (1889-1924) was a Russian avant-garde artist (Cubist, Suprematist and Constructivist), painter and designer. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...   (Лазарь Маркович Лисицкий, November 23, 1890 – December 30, 1941), better known as El Lissitzky (Эль Лисицкий), was a Russian artist, designer, photographer, teacher, typographer, and architect. ... A photo of UNOVIS members, with Malevich in the center UNOVIS (also known as MOLPOSNOVIS and POSNOVIS) was the name of a short-lived but influential group of Russian artists, founded and led by Kazimir Malevich at the Vitebsk Art School in 1919. ... This term is not to be confused with supremacism. ... Supremus (1915) - group of Avant-garde artists, such as Aleksandra Ekster, Nina Genke-Meller, Liubov Popova, Olga Rozanova, Ivan Puni, Nadezhda Udaltsova, Varvara Stepanova, Ksenia Boguslavskaya and the others,- that was led by the Father of Suprematism Kazimir Malevich. ... Irwin may refer to: Places (all in the United States): Irwin, Idaho Irwin, Illinois Irwin, Iowa Irwin, Ohio Irwin, Pennsylvania Irwin, South Carolina Irwin County, Georgia Irwin Township, Pennsylvania Fort Irwin, California Furthermore: Shire of Irwin, Western Australia People: Irwin (Billy and Mandy), a fictional character from The Grim Adventures... An example of artistic depiction of an aerial landscape: Jane Frank (Jane Schenthal Frank, 1918-1986), Aerial Series: Ploughed Fields, Maryland, 1974, acrylic and mixed materials on apertured double canvas, 52x48. (This article concerns painting and other non-photographic media. ... OBERIU (rus. ...

References

  • The Non-objective World, Kasimir Malevich, trans. Howard Dearstyne, Paul Theobald, 1959. ISBN 0486429741
  • Kazimir Malevich and Suprematism 1878-1935, Gilles Néret, Taschen, 2003. ISBN 0874141192
  • Dreikausen, Margret, "Aerial Perception: The Earth as Seen from Aircraft and Spacecraft and Its Influence on Contemporary Art" (Associated University Presses: Cranbury, NJ; London, England; Mississauga, Ontario: 1985). ISBN 0-87982-040-3

Cranbury Township is a Township in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... For the First Nation, see Mississaugas. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ...

External links and references

  • Kasimir Malevich. Black Square
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Kazimir Malevich - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (194 words)
Kazimir Severinovich Malevich (Казимир Северинович Малевич, Polish Malewicz, Ukrainian transliteration Malevych, German Kasimir Malewitsch), (February 23, 1878 – May 15, 1935) was a painter and art theoretician, pioneer of geometric abstract art and one of the most important members of the so-called Russian avantgarde.
Malevich was born in Kiev, Ukraine, under the Russian Empire.
When the Stalinist regime turned against modernist "bourgeois" art, Malevich was persecuted.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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