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Encyclopedia > Kazan
Kazan (English)
Казань (Russian)
Казан (Tatar)

The Kazan Kremlin

Kazan on the map of Tatarstan
Coordinates
55°47′N 49°10′E / 55.783, 49.167Coordinates: 55°47′N 49°10′E / 55.783, 49.167
Coat of Arms Flag
City Day: August 30
Administrative status
Federal subject
In jurisdiction of
Capital of
Republic of Tatarstan
Republic of Tatarstan
Republic of Tatarstan
Local self-government
Charter Charter of Kazan
Municipal status Urban okrug
Mayor Ilsur Metshin
Legislative body City Duma
Area
Area 425.2 km² (164.2 sq mi)
Population (as of the 2002 Census)
Population
- Rank
- Density
1,105,289 inhabitants
8th
2,599.5/km² (6,732.7/sq mi)
Events
Founded ~1005
Mentioned in chronicle 1177
Capital of khanate since 1438
Conquered by Russia 1552
Capital of Tatarstan since 1920
Other information
Postal code 420xxx
Dialing code +7 843
Official website
http://kazan.org.ru/

Kazan (Russian: Каза́нь; Tatar: Казан, Qazan) is the capital city of the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia, and one of Russia's largest cities. It is a major industrial, commercial and cultural center, and remains the most important center of Tatar culture. Kazan lies at the confluence of the Volga and Kazanka Rivers in central European Russia. Kazan is the name of: Kazan, the capital city of Tatarstan in Russia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x347, 134 KB)A Superview of Kazan Kremlin from the Volga River. ... View of the Spasskaya (Savior) Tower in the early 20th century. ... Image File history File links Location_Tatarstan_Kazan. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... It has been suggested that the section intro from the article Civil flag be merged into this article or section. ... Image File history File links Qazantamga. ... Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Zilant ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Russia is a federation which consists of 86 subjects[1]. These subjects are of equal federal rights in the sense that they have equal representation—two delegates each—in the Federation Council (upper house of the Russian parliament). ... Republic of Tatarstan (Russian: ; Tatar: ) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Federal subjects of the Russian Federation Being the largest country in the world, and one of the most populated, Russia incorporates several types and levels of subdivisions. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Ä°lsur MetÅŸin (also Ilsur Metshin, Tatar: MetÅŸin Ä°lsur Räis ulı, Russian: Метшин Ильсур Раисович, born 1969), is Tatarstan statesman. ... A legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... This is a list of cities and towns in Russia with population over 50,000, grouped by federal subject and sorted by population. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Map of Kazan Khanate, early 1500s The Kazan Khanate (Tatar: Qazan xanlığı; Russian: Казанское ханство) (1438-1552) was a Tatar state on the territory of former Volga Bulgaria with its capital in Kazan. ... Combatants Muscovite Russia Qasim Khanate Taw yağı 1 Kazan Khanate Cheremis and Ar warriors Nogay cavalry Commanders Ivan IV of Russia Alexander Gorbatyi-Shuisky Andrey Kurbsky Shahghali Yadegar Moxammat # Yapancha bak â€  Zaynash morza # Qolsharif â€  Strength 150,000 men, 150 cannons unknown battleship some siege towers 33,000 men2- 50,000... Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (TASSR) was part of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. ... Postcodes are generally clearly visible outside Australia Post offices. ... // Proposed Country Code: 3 In 1996, the European Commission proposed the introduction of a single telephone numbering plan, in which all European Union member states would use the code 3. Calls between member states would no longer require the use of the international access code 00. This proposal would have... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... The Tatar language (Tatar tele, Tatarça, Татар теле, Татарча) is a Turkic language spoken by the Tatars. ... Types of inhabited localities in Russia, Soviet Union, and some other post-Soviet states have certain peculiarities with respect to the English language traditions. ... Republic of Tatarstan (Russian: ; Tatar: ) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). ... Historically, the term Tatar (or Tartar) has been ambiguously used by Europeans to refer to many different peoples of Inner Asia and Northern Asia. ... Confluence of Rhine and Mosel at Koblenz In geography, a confluence describes the point where two rivers meet and become one, usually when a tributary joins a more major river. ... The Volga (Russian: , Tatar Cyrillic: Идел, Latin: Ä°del) is the largest river in Europe in terms of length, discharge, and watershed. ... Kazanka (Tatar: Qazansu, Russian: Каза́нка) is a river in Tatarstan, Russia, a left tributary of the Volga. ...

Contents

Name

The origin of the name is unclear. The literal translation of Tatar qazan is a boiler or cauldron. Alternately, it may have been derived from qazğan, Tatar for dug [ditch].


"Qazan" is originally a name for a special cooking pan, a variant of a wok, but more solid and heavier. It was believed that the city of Kazan is named after this object because of its geographical similarity with a "qazan"-pan; namely the city is situated in a U-shaped lowland.


Another, more romantic legend tells a story of a Tatar princess Söyembikä, who dropped a golden dish (golden qazan) in to the river on which the city is located while washing it. Söyembikä (Söyenbikä) (pronounced [ser-yerm-bee-KEH] ) (1516 – after 1554) was a Tatar ruler. ...


Nevertheless, Chuvash legends refer to Bulgarian prince Khusan (Хусан) (Chuvash rendering of Muslim name Hassan) and Chuvashes call this city Хусан after the name of this prince. The Chuvash are a bunch of pakis . ...


History

Kazan in 1630
Kazan in 1630

There is a long-running dispute as to whether Kazan was founded by the Volga Bulgars in the early Middle Ages or by the Tatars of the Golden Horde in the mid-fifteenth century, as written records before the latter period are sparse. If there was a Bulgar City on the site, estimates of its foundation range from the early 11th century to the late 13th century (see Iske Qazan). It was a block-post on the border between Volga Bulgaria and Finnic tribes (Mari, Udmurt). Another vexed question is where the citadel was built originally. Archaeological explorations have produced evidence of an urban settlement in three parts of the modern city: in the Kremlin, in Bişbalta in the place of modern Zilantaw monastery and near the Qaban lake. The oldest was the Kremlin which could be dated back to the 11th century. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x743, 286 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kazan ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x743, 286 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kazan ... The Volga Bulgars were a culture in southern modern Russia along the Volga River from approximately 900 to 1300 AD. They were related to the original Bulgars of Old Great Bulgaria which had existed in approximately the same region around 600 to 700. ... Historically, the term Tatar (or Tartar) has been ambiguously used by Europeans to refer to many different peoples of Inner Asia and Northern Asia. ... The four successor Khanates of the Mongol Empire: Empire of the Great Khan (Yuan Dynasty), Golden Horde, Il-Khanate and Chagatai Khanate The Golden Horde (Mongolian: Altan Ordyn Uls; Turkish: ; Tatar: ; Russian: ) was a Mongol[1][2][3][4] — later Turkicized[3] — khanate established in parts of present-day Russia... İske Qazan (literally: Old Kazan), was a Bolgar-Tatar city in the 13-16th centuries, situated on the banks of the Qazansu river in the Qazan artı or Zakazanye region, in what is today the Russian Federation republic of Tatarstan . ... The Little Minaret in Bolghar For other uses, see Bulgaria (disambiguation). ... Mari may refer to: Ethnic Mari El, a republic of Russian Federation Mari language, Finno-Ugric language Mari people, a Volga-Finnic people People Mari (composer), a video game music composer Mari (singer), a female vocalist Saint Mari, a Christian saint Other Mari (goddess), the main divinity of pre-Christian... Udmurts are Finno-Ugric people that speak the Udmurt language. ... View of the Spasskaya (Savior) Tower in the early 20th century. ... Lakes Qaban, the system of lakes in Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia. ... View of the Spasskaya (Savior) Tower in the early 20th century. ...


In the 11th and 12th centuries, Kazan could have shielded a Volga trade route from Scandinavia to Iran. It was a trade center, and possibly a major city for Bulgar settlers in the Kazan region, although their capital was at the city of Bolğar further South. In the Middle Ages, the Volga trade route connected Northern Europe and Northwestern Russia with the Caspian Sea. ... Scandinavia is a historical and geographical region centered on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe which includes the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. ... For the people of Central Asia see Bulgars Bulgar language is an extinct language commonly considered Turkic but more recently Indo-Iranian Bulgar, or bulgarish is Yiddish word for Romanian dance bugarească (means Bulgarian cf. ... The Little Minaret of Bolghar. ...


In the 13th century, re-settlers came to Kazan from Bolğar and Bilär, which had been ruined by the Mongols. Kazan became a center of a duchy, which was a dependency of the Golden Horde. In 1430s Hordian Tatars (such as Ghiasetdin) usurped power in the duchy, which was ruled by Bolghar dynasty before. Bilär (Bülär) – Medieval city in Volga Bulgaria in 10th – 13th centuries. ... The name Mongols (Mongolian: Mongol) specifies one or several ethnic groups. ... Events and Trends A map of Europe in the 1430s. ... Ghiasetdin (Tatar: Äžiäsetdin) (? –1438 or 1445), was a ruler of Kazan (Ghiasetdin Ulus) from the 1420s. ...


After the destruction of the Golden Horde, Kazan became the capital of the powerful Khanate of Kazan (1438). The city bazaar Taş Ayaq (Stone Leg) became the most important trade center in the region, especially for furniture. The citadel and Bolaq channel were reconstructed, giving the city a strong defensive capacity. The Russians managed to occupy the city briefly several times, but before the 1552 they withdrew. Map of Kazan Khanate, early 1500s The Kazan Khanate (Tatar: Qazan xanlığı; Russian: Казанское ханство) (1438-1552) was a Tatar state on the territory of former Volga Bulgaria with its capital in Kazan. ... Events April - War between Henry II of France and Emperor Charles V. Henry invades Lorraine and captures Toul, Metz, and Verdun. ...

In 1552, the city was conquered by Russia under Ivan the Terrible and the majority of the population was massacred. During the governorship of Alexander Gorbatyi-Shuisky, most of the khanates's Tatar residents were killed, repressed, or forcibly Christianized. Mosques and palaces were ruined. The surviving Tatar population was moved to a place 50 km away from the city and this place was forcibly settled by Russian farmers and soldiers. Serving to Russia Tatars was settled in the Tatar Bistäse settlement near the city's wall. Later Tatar merchants and handicraft masters also settled there. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (668x811, 180 KB) The siege of Kazan in 1552. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (668x811, 180 KB) The siege of Kazan in 1552. ... Combatants Muscovite Russia Qasim Khanate Taw yağı 1 Kazan Khanate Cheremis and Ar warriors Nogay cavalry Commanders Ivan IV of Russia Alexander Gorbatyi-Shuisky Andrey Kurbsky Shahghali Yadegar Moxammat # Yapancha bak â€  Zaynash morza # Qolsharif â€  Strength 150,000 men, 150 cannons unknown battleship some siege towers 33,000 men2- 50,000... Combatants Muscovite Russia Qasim Khanate Taw yağı 1 Kazan Khanate Cheremis and Ar warriors Nogay cavalry Commanders Ivan IV of Russia Alexander Gorbatyi-Shuisky Andrey Kurbsky Shahghali Yadegar Moxammat # Yapancha bak â€  Zaynash morza # Qolsharif â€  Strength 150,000 men, 150 cannons unknown battleship some siege towers 33,000 men2- 50,000... Tsar Ivan the Terrible, by Viktor Vasnetsov Ivan IV Vasilyevich (Russian: ) (August 25, 1530, Moscow â€“ March 18, 1584, Moscow) was the Grand Prince of Moscow from 1533 to 1547 and Czar of Russia from 1547 until his death. ... Prince Alexander Borisovich Gorbatyi-Shuisky was probably the most celebrated and popular general of Ivan the Terrible. ... Historically, the term Tatar (or Tartar) has been ambiguously used by Europeans to refer to many different peoples of Inner Asia and Northern Asia. ... A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... Serving Tatars (Tatar: Yomışlı Tatarlar; Russian: Служилые татары) were a class of ethnically Tatars state servants in Muscovy and Russia in 14th-18th centuries. ...

Annunciation Cathedral (1561–1562)
Annunciation Cathedral (1561–1562)

Kazan was largely destroyed as a result of several great fires. After one of them in 1579, the icon Our Lady of Kazan was discovered in the city. During the Time of Troubles in Russia the independence of the Kazan Khanate was restored with the help of the Russian population, but this independence was suppressed by Kuzma Minin in 1612. The history of that period requires further research. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (890x764, 682 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kazan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (890x764, 682 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kazan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Our Lady of Kazan (16th century). ... The Time of Troubles (Russian: Смутное время, Smutnoye Vremya) was a period of Russian history comprising the years of interregnum between the death of the last of the Moscow Rurikids, Tsar Feodor Ivanovich in 1598 and the establishment of the Romanov Dynasty in 1613. ... Categories: Historical stubs | Former countries | Tatars | Tatarstan history | History of Mongolia ... Monument to Kuzma Minin in Nizhny Novgorod Kuzma Minich Minin (Russian: Минин Кузьма Минич) (?-1616) was a Russian patriot who together with Prince Dmitry Pozharsky rallied an army to defend Russia against Polish invasion. ...


In 1708, the Khanate of Kazan was abolished, and Kazan became the center of a guberniya. After Peter the Great's visit, the city became a shipbuilding base for the Caspian fleet. It was largely destroyed in 1774 as a result of a revolt by border troops and peasants led by the Don Cossack ataman (captain) Yemelyan Pugachev, but was rebuilt soon afterwards, during the reign of Catherine the Great. Catherine also decreed that mosques could again be built in Kazan. But discrimination against the Tatars continued. For the Star Trek character see Khan Noonien Singh. ... Zilant, Coat of arms of Kazan Governorate Kazan Governorate (Russian: ; Tatar: Qazan gubernası/Казан губернасы; Chuvash: Хусан кěперниě) used to be one of the Governorates (guberniyas) of Imperial Russia in 1708–1920, with the city of Kazan as its capital. ... Peter the Great or Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov (Russian: Пётр I Алексеевич Pyotr I Alekse`yevich, Пётр Великий Pyotr Veli`kiy) (9 June 1672 – 8 February 1725 [30 May 1672–28 January 1725 O.S.][1]) ruled Russia from 7 May (27 April O.S.) 1682 until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his... Combatants Russian Imperial Army noble militants civil population of Kazan Cossack and peasant rebels Tatar and Bashkir nobles civil population of Kazan Commanders Ivan Michelson P. S. Potyomkin von Brandt Yemelyan Pugachev Ivan Beloborodov # Andrey Ovchinnikov Mineyev # Bakhmutov Strength 2000-6000 in Kazan 9 cannons + citadel cannons , Michelsons troops... Chesma Column in Tsarskoe Selo, commemorating the end of the Russo-Turkish War. ... Don Cossacks refers to cossacks that settled along the Don River, Russia it its lower and middle parts. ... Ataman (variants: wataman, vataman, otaman, Cyrillic: атаман (Russian), ватаман (Russian, regional), отаман (Ukrainian)) was a title of Cossack and haidamak leaders of various kinds. ... Emelyan Pugachov Yemelyan Ivanovich Pugachev (Russian: ), born in 1740 or 1742 and executed in 1775, was a pretender to the Russian throne who led a great Cossack insurrection during the reign of Catherine II. Alexander Pushkin wrote a remarkable history of the rebellion; and he recounted some of the events... Catherine II (Екатерина II Алексеевна: Yekaterína II Alekséyevna, April 21, 1729 - November 6, 1796), born Sophie Augusta Fredericka, known as Catherine the Great, reigned as empress of Russia from...


In the beginning of 19th century Kazan State University and Printing Press were founded by Alexander I. The Qur'an was firstly printed in Kazan in 1801, and it became an important centre for Oriental Studies in Russia. By the end of the 19th century, Kazan had become an industrial center of the Middle Volga. People from neighboring villages came to the city looking for work. In 1875, a horse tramway appeared; 1899 saw the installation of a tramway. The main bulding of the university, 19th century Kazan State University is located in Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia. ... The printing press is a mechanical device for printing many copies of a text on rectangular sheets of paper. ... Aleksandr I Pavlovich (Russian: Александр I Павлович) (December 23, 1777–December 1, 1825?), was Emperor of Russia from 23 March 1801-1 December 1825 and Ruler of Poland from 1815–1825, as well as the first Grand Duke of Finland. ... The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: ;, literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Alcoran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Orientalism is the study of Near and Far Eastern societies and cultures, languages and peoples by Western scholars. ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Rapid Transit in San Diego: An original 1886 horse-drawn trolley and its driver participate in a parade celebrating the groundbreaking of the Panama-California Exposition Center in 1911. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ...


After the Russian Revolution of 1905, Tatars were allowed to revive Kazan as a Tatar cultural center. The first Tatar theater and the first Tatar newspaper appeared. ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ...

Kazan State Museum
Kazan State Museum

In 1918, Kazan was a capital of the Idel-Ural State, which was suppressed by the Bolshevist government. Kazan was also the center of an anti-Bolshevik Bolaq artea Republic. In August 1918 it was shortly occupied by White Czechs. In 1919 (after the October Revolution), Kazan became the center of Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. In the 1920s and 1930s, most of the city's mosques and churches were destroyed (as occurred elsewhere in the USSR). ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x1125, 1448 KB) A museum in Kazan at night. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x1125, 1448 KB) A museum in Kazan at night. ... Idel-Ural literally means Volga-Ural in Tatar. ... Bolshevik Party Meeting. ... Combatants Red Army *Red Latvian Riflemen White Army *KomUch Peoples Army *Czech Legion population of Kazan[1] Commanders Peter Slaven Fyodor Raskolnikov Woldemar Azin Nikolay Markin P. A. Stepanov Jozef Å vec Casualties unknown unknown Fronts in August 1918, Kazan outskirts Kazan Operation was a Red Armys offensive against... ... For other uses, see October Revolution (disambiguation). ... Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (TASSR) was part of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. ...


During World War II, many industrial plants and factories were evacuated to Kazan, and the city subsequently became a center of the military industry, producing tanks and planes. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The military industry is comprised of government and commercial industry involved in research, development, production, and service of military equipment and facilities. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...

Zilant's conventionalized image was the official tamğa (sign) of Kazan's Millennium
Zilant's conventionalized image was the official tamğa (sign) of Kazan's Millennium

In the late 1980s and in the 1990s, after the dissolution of the USSR, Kazan again became the center of Tatar culture, and separatist tendencies intensified. Since 2000, the city has been undergoing a total renovation. A single-line metro opened on 27 August 2005. The Kazan Metro has five stations. But there are plans to extend the line in both directions. Kazan celebrated its millennium in 2005, when the largest mosque in Russia, Qolsharif, was inaugurated in the kremlin, and the holiest copy of Our Lady of Kazan was returned to the city. The date of "millennium", however, was fixed rather arbitrarily. Image File history File links Kazan_Millenium_tamga. ... Image File history File links Kazan_Millenium_tamga. ... Coat of arms of Kazan Zilant is a legendary creature, something between a dragon and a wyvern. ... A tamgha, or tamga (Modern Turkish: damga) is an abstract seal or device used by Eurasian nomadic peoples and by cultures influenced by them. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Map of the Kazan Metro Kazan Metro of Kazan, Tatarstan, Russian Federation, is a single-line metro, the north-southeast running Central Line. ... The mosque at night The Qolşärif mosque (also spelled Qol Sherif, Kul Sharif) located in Kazan is the largest mosque in Russia and, reputedly, in Europe. ... View of the Spasskaya (Savior) Tower in the early 20th century. ... Our Lady of Kazan (16th century). ...


Historical population

Kazan in 19th century
Kazan in 19th century
  • 1550 – 50,000
  • 1708 – 40,000
  • 1830 – 43,900
  • 1839 – 51,600
  • 1859 – 60,600
  • 1862 – 63,100
  • 1883 – 140,000
  • 1897 – 130,000
  • 1917 – 206,600
  • 1926 – 179,000
  • 1939 – 398,000
  • 1959 – 667,000
  • 1979 – 989,000
  • 1989 – 1,094,400
  • 1997 – 1,076,000
  • 2000 – 1,089,500
  • 2002 – 1,105,289 (census)

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (5080x3214, 4379 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kazan ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (5080x3214, 4379 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kazan ...

Historical naming

Söyembikä Tower was built in the Kazan Kremlin at the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries. Alternative theory postulates that it was built in the Kazan Khanate times.
Söyembikä Tower was built in the Kazan Kremlin at the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries. Alternative theory postulates that it was built in the Kazan Khanate times.

See also: Iske Qazan Image File history File links Söyembikä Tower in the Kazan Kremlin (an early 20th-century postcard). ... Image File history File links Söyembikä Tower in the Kazan Kremlin (an early 20th-century postcard). ... Söyembikä Tower is constructed in 6 tiers to the height of 58 meters. ... View of the Spasskaya (Savior) Tower in the early 20th century. ... İske Qazan (literally: Old Kazan), was a Bolgar-Tatar city in the 13-16th centuries, situated on the banks of the Qazansu river in the Qazan artı or Zakazanye region, in what is today the Russian Federation republic of Tatarstan . ...

  • Tatar (now, 1928–1939): Qazan;
  • (1939–2000): Казан;
  • (1918–1928): قازان ;
  • (1918–1922), Arab: قزان ;
  • Russian: Каза́нь [Kazan];
  • Arab (hist.): Bulgar al-Jadid (in Tatar transliteration:Bolğar âl-Cädid) - New Bolğar;
  • German: Kasan, Latin: Casan, French: Kazan

Central Kazan

Kremlin

Main article: Kazan Kremlin
Qolşärif mosque - The largest mosque in Russia
Märcani Mosque
Märcani Mosque
Soltan Mosque, Tuqay Street
Soltan Mosque, Tuqay Street

The city has a beautiful citadel (Russian: kreml, or, sometimes, Tatar: kirman), which was declared the World Heritage Site in 2000. Major monuments in the kremlin are the 5-domed 6-columned Annunciation Cathedral (1561-62) and the mysterious leaning Soyembika Tower, named after the last queen of Kazan and regarded as the city's most conspicuous landmark. View of the Spasskaya (Savior) Tower in the early 20th century. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (3264x2448, 2907 KB) The Kremlin, Kazan. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (3264x2448, 2907 KB) The Kremlin, Kazan. ... The mosque at night The Qolşärif mosque (also spelled Qol Sherif, Kul Sharif) located in Kazan is the largest mosque in Russia and, reputedly, in Europe. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Märcani Mosque, early 2000s. ... Download high resolution version (811x550, 56 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (811x550, 56 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... View of the Spasskaya (Savior) Tower in the early 20th century. ... Moscow Kremlin in the 19th century. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Söyembikä Tower is constructed in 6 tiers to the height of 58 meters. ...


Also of interest are the towers and walls, erected in the 16th and 17th centuries but later reconstructed; the Qol-Şarif mosque, which is already rebuilt inside the citadel; remains of the Saviour Monastery (its splendid 16th-century cathedral having been demolished by the Bolsheviks) with the Spasskaya Tower; and the Governor's House (1843-53), designed by Konstantin Thon, now the Palace of the President of Tatarstan. The mosque at night The Qolşärif mosque (also spelled Qol Sherif, Kul Sharif) located in Kazan is the largest mosque in Russia and, reputedly, in Europe. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... Annunciation church in St. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, trade unions, universities, and countries. ... Republic of Tatarstan (Russian: ; Tatar: ) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). ...


Next door, the ornate baroque Sts-Peter-and-Paul's Cathedral on Qawi Nacmi Street and Marcani mosque on Qayum Nasiri Street date back to the 18th century.

Bolaq embankment

Download high resolution version (800x624, 77 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (800x624, 77 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Bistä or Posad

Central Kazan is divided into two districts by the Bolaq canal and Lake Qaban. The first district (Qazan Bistäse or Kazanskiy Posad), historically Russian, is situated on the hill, the second (İske Tatar Bistäse or Staro-Tatarskaya Sloboda), historically Tatar, is situated between the Bolaq and the Volga. Mosques, such as Nurullah, Soltan, Bornay, Apanay, Äcem, Märcani, İske Taş, Zäñgär are in the Tatar district. Churches, such as Blagoveschenskaya, Varvarinskaya, Nikol'skaya, Tikhvinskaya, are mostly in the Russian part of the city. The main city-centre streets are Bauman, Kreml, Dzerjinski, Tuqay, Puşkin, Butlerov, Gorkiy, Karl Marx and Märcani. Bolaq from Pushkin Street, Kazan Bolaq (Tatar Cyrillic: Болак; Russian language: Булак (Bulak) is a canal that once flew from the northern part of Birge Qaban to Kazanka (Qazansu), today is an isolated channel in Kazan downtown. ... ... Nurulla Mosques minaret and cupola Nurulla Mosque The Nurulla Mosque (also spelled Nurullah; Cyrillic: Нурулла; formerly The Seventh Cathedral Mosque, Hay Bazaar Mosque: Tatar Cyrillic: Печән Базары мәчете, Latin: Peçän Bazarı mäçete- Russian: /Sennaya, Bazaar Mosque, Yunıs Mosque, The Main Mosque, The White Mosque etc. ... Soltan Mosques minaret The Soltan Mosque (Cyrillic: Солтан мәчете; formerly CihanÅŸa bay Mosque, The Red Mosque, Äžosman Mosque, The Eighth Mosque, also spelled Sultan or Sultanovskaya via Russian Султановская мечеть) is a mosque in Kazan, Russia. ... The minaret of the Bornay Mosque The Bornay Mosque (Cyrillic: Борнай мәчете; former The Third Cathedral Mosque), also spelled Burnayevskaya Mosque is a mosque in Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia. ... The minaret of Äcem Mosque The Äcem Mosque The Äcem Mosque ([], Tatar: ), also spelled Äcimevs, Azimovs, Azim, Ajim, Ajem or Azimovskaya Mosque (Russian: ) is a prominent cathedral mosque in Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia. ... Märcani Mosque, early 2000s. ... The Ä°ske TaÅŸ Mosque The Ä°ske TaÅŸ , also the Old Stone Mosque (via Tatar Cyrillic: Иске Таш мәчет, Latin: Ä°ske TaÅŸ mäçet, Russian: , Starokamennaya, Iske-Tash)[1] or the Mosque of the Old Stone (via Tatar Cyrillic: Иске Таш мәчете, Latin: Ä°ske TaÅŸ mäçete)[2], formerly known as The Ninth Cathedral Mosque, The Big... Bauman Street Bauman Street, (russian: Улица Бауман), is a main street in Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia. ... The street near Kazan State University. ... Pushkin Street , (Улица Пушкина in russian), is a main street of Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia. ...


An old legend says that in 1552, before the Russian invasion, wealthy Tatars (baylar) hid gold and silver in Lake Qaban. Lakes Qaban, the system of lakes in Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia. ...


Wooden Kazan

Typical wooden apartment at Ayvazovskiy street
Typical wooden apartment at Ayvazovskiy street
Once a typical street in Central Kazan
Once a typical street in Central Kazan

In the beginning of 1990s most of Central Kazan was covered by wooden buildings, usually consisting of two floors. There was a historical environment of Kazan citizens, but not the best place to live in. During the Republican programme "The liquidation of old apartments" most of them (unlike other Russian cities), especially in Central Kazan, where the land isn't cheap, were destroyed and their population was moved to new areas at the suburb of the city (Azino, Azino-2, Quartal 39). Nearly 100,000 citizens resettled by this programme. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3000x2000, 2403 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Kazan ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3000x2000, 2403 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Kazan ... Categories: Stub | Russian painters | 1817 births | 1900 deaths ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3000x2000, 1980 KB) Wooden Kazan: Nizenkaya street. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3000x2000, 1980 KB) Wooden Kazan: Nizenkaya street. ...

Education

Kazan State University
Kazan State University

The Kazan State University was founded in 1804 and has had several prominent students, including Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky, Leo Tolstoy and Vladimir Lenin. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 426 KB) Summary File links The following pages link to this file: Kazan Kazan State University Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 426 KB) Summary File links The following pages link to this file: Kazan Kazan State University Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... The main bulding of the university, 19th century Kazan State University is located in Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia. ... Nikolay Ivanovich Lobachevsky Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky (Никола́й Ива́нович Лобаче́вский) (December 1, 1792–February 24, 1856 (N.S.); November 20, 1792–February 12, 1856 (O.S.)) was a Russian mathematician. ... Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy(Lyof, Lyoff) (September 9 [O.S. August 28] 1828 – November 20 [O.S. November 7] 1910) (Russian: , IPA:  ), commonly referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian writer – novelist, essayist, dramatist and philosopher – as well as pacifist Christian anarchist and educational reformer. ... “Lenin” redirects here. ...


Kazan State Technical University was established in 1932. Today the University is one of the leading institutions in the development of aircraft and rocket engineering, engine- and instrument-production, computer science and radio engineering. “Flying Machine” redirects here. ... Computer science, or computing science, is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their implementation and application in computer systems. ... Broadcast engineering is the field of electrical engineering, and now to some extent computer engineering, which deals with radio and television broadcasting. ...


There are nearly 20 institutes and universities in Kazan, but they are not as prominent and most of them are commercial institutes.


Administrative system

The main body of legislative authority of the city is the Kazan City Council. Executive power is exercised by Kazan City Administration.


Kazan is divided into seven city districts.


Economy

Shalyapin Palace Hotel, Kazan
Shalyapin Palace Hotel, Kazan

The capital of the Republic of Tatarstan is Kazan - a large railway, highway and airway knot, the largest port on the Volga River. Kazan is the main economic centre of Tatarstan. 35% of population, employed in economic branches, concentrate in Kazan. 151 large and medium-size companies are situated in the city, including 98 JSC. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x1125, 1169 KB) Shalyapin Palace Hotel, Kazan. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x1125, 1169 KB) Shalyapin Palace Hotel, Kazan. ...


Main branches of municipal industry are as follows: automotive, chemical and petrochemical, light and food industries.


In 2002 the gross territorial product of Kazan reached 96,8 billion rubles. It was mainly formed by the industrial production (27 %), trade and public catering (21,9 %), transport (6,6 %), building sector (4,9 %), net taxes (20 %). Industrial enterprises produced 45 billion rubles worth of products (111,4 % in established prices to the 2001 level). The wages in industry were 4500 rubles (21,5 % higher than in the previous year). The average salary as a whole exceeded 4200 rubles (142,9 % in year-on-year terms). The physical index of industrial production as a whole was 105,3 %. As a preliminary, the industrial income was 6 billion rubles (102,8 % in year-on-year terms).


48,6% of goods produced in Kazan are sold inside the Republic of Tatarstan, 31% - in the territory of Russia, 20,4% - is exported to the CIS countries and countries of "far abroad".


Export sales of JSC "Kazanorgsintez" form more than 30% of the total volume of enterprise's output. JSC "Kazan Helicopter Plant" exports 92,3% of its output.


JSC "Kazan Optical-mechanical Plant" exports 36,6% of its output.


JSC "Kazanorgsintez" is one of the largest chemical enterprises in Russia. It produces more than a half of the whole polyethylene production of the country. It was included to the RF State List of associations and monopoly enterprises producing polyethylene, polyethylene pipes and details of pipelines. Enterprise is marked by a high management level and firm growth of output volume. Produce quality meets the European standards and is exported to many world countries.

Kamal dramatic theatre
Kamal dramatic theatre

"Kazan Automotive Industrial Enterprise" (KMPO) has more than 60 years experience in aircraft engine production. It has been producing 65% of all engines for civil planes (Il-62, IL-86, Tu-104 and Tu-154), as well as the engines for bombers and helicopters. Today JSC "KMPO" is one of the defence industry enterprises capable to preserve stable financial-economic position. The production of aircraft engine AI-22, gas-pumping unit GPA-16 "Volga", automatic gas distribution station AGRS "Istok", automatic gearbox for buses has been mastered. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 2751 KB) Kamal theatre Kamal teatrı Театр Камала File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kazan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 2751 KB) Kamal theatre Kamal teatrı Театр Камала File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kazan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... The Ilyushin Il-62 is a Soviet long range airliner. ... Il-86 of Pulkovo Aviation Enterprise at St. ... The Tupolev Tu-104 (NATO reporting name: Camel) was a twin-engined medium-range turbojet-powered Soviet airliner. ... The Tupolev Tu-154 (NATO reporting name: Careless) is a Soviet medium-range trijet airliner, equivalent to the Boeing 727. ...


JSC "Kazan Helicopter Plant" is the largest producer of helicopters of M. L. Mil design. The helicopters Mi-8 and Mi-17 have brought high popularity for the enterprise. Their reliability, versatility were highly appreciated. At present moment a light multipurpose helicopter Ansat production is being mastered. Mikhail Leontyevich Mil Mikhail Leontyevich Mil (Russian language: Михаил Леонтьевмч Миль 22 November 1909 - 31 January 1970) was a founder of the Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant, which is responsible for many of the... Russian Mi-8 Hip The Mil Mi-8 (NATO reporting name Hip) is a large transport helicopter that can also act as a gunship. ... The Mil Mi-17 (Also known as the Mi-8MT, NATO reporting name Hip-H) was a Soviet cargo helicopter. ... The Ansat is a Russian light multipurpose helicopter manufactured by Kazan Helicopters. ...


A new aircraft Tu-214, produced at the Kazan Aircraft Enterprise n. a. S.P. Gorbunov in March, 2000, got the second class AP-25 certificate, which confirms the full aircraft's adequacy to American and European standards. No other aircraft in Russia has such a certificate. Recently, the Enterprise was said to be mastering a new average main jet aircraft Tupolev Tu-324. Although championed by Russian president Vladimir Putin, the Tu-324 now appears dead, as Tupolev places any private R&D resources available for civil projects into a study into the proposed Tu-414, a 75-seat jet that borrows many of the Tu-324's design traits. Tupolev Tu-214 is a medium range twin-engined Russian airliner. ...

Wooden apartment in Central Kazan
Wooden apartment in Central Kazan

During the many decades a branch of design and production of medical equipment including scientific, design and production groups has been developed. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 2568 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kazan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 2568 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kazan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create...


A unique enterprise JSC "Kazan Medical-instrumental Plant" has been functioning in Kazan for nearly 70 years. It is a large and the one and the only enterprise in Russia producing more than 300 PCs of medical instruments and equipment practically for all branches of medicine.


Annually the enterprise KPHFO "Tathimfarmpreparat" produces and sells 400 million medicines of more than 130 appellations, including cardiovascular, pain-relieving, anti-fever, counter tuberculosis, ocular and antibiotics. The high quality and low price distinguish products of this company.


PO "Teplocontrol" was awarded "The Arch of European Golden Star" for perfect reputation and quality of its output. Nowadays, with the account of problems of thermal energy calculation, it has mastered production of radiator thermal regulators "Comfort", and started to producing, assembling, delivering and servicing the automatic calculation and regulation units of thermal energy for houses and plants buildings.


JSC "Kazancompressormash" is one of the largest producers of special compressor and freezing equipment. Its output is supplied to large plants and groups of enterprises of metallurgical, gas, oil, chemical and other branches of industry.


Languages

Russian and Tatar languages are widely spoken in the city. Russian is understood by practically all the population, apart from some older Tatars. Tatar is widely spoken mainly by Tatars. The offensive term Mankurt (Mañqort) is used for Tatars who are ashamed of their own culture and language. The Tatar language (Tatar tele, Tatarça, Татар теле, Татарча) is a Turkic language spoken by the Tatars. ... The term mankurt comes from a Turkic myth popularized by Chinghiz Aitmatov in his novel The Day Lasts More Than a Hundred Years (И больше века длится день), a philosophical tale about what can...


Not much English is spoken in the city, but young people tend to understand it.


City ethnic communities

Tatar part of Kazan in the early 20th century
Tatar part of Kazan in the early 20th century

Image File history File links Tatar part of Kazan, as represented on an early 20th-century postcard. ... Image File history File links Tatar part of Kazan, as represented on an early 20th-century postcard. ...

Tatars and Russians

The city's population is mainly composed of Tatars (about 52 percent) and Russians (about 43 percent). Nearly a third of all marriages in the city are between Tatars and Russians.


Many Russians believe that most official posts in Kazan are occupied by Tatars, although there is no reliable statistical data to prove this assertion.


Other communities

Native Tatarstanlı

Native Tatarstanlı nationalities mix with Tatars and Russians.


Native Middle-Volgans

The city's third ethnos is Chuvash (1.2%), who speak their own language, but also Turkic languages group. They are Russian Orthodox with some pre-Christian elements in their religion. Other native for Middle Volga nation are Maris (0.3%), Udmurts (0.1%), Mordvas (0.2%) and Bashkirs (0.2%). Some of them speak Tatar, some Russian and others their own languages. Bashkirs are Muslims, others, like Chuvash, are Russian Orthodox with some pre-Christian elements in their religion. The Chuvash are a bunch of pakis . ... Mari may refer to: Ethnic Mari El, a republic of Russian Federation Mari language, Finno-Ugric language Mari people, a Volga-Finnic people People Mari (composer), a video game music composer Mari (singer), a female vocalist Saint Mari, a Christian saint Other Mari (goddess), the main divinity of pre-Christian... Udmurts are Finno-Ugric people that speak the Udmurt language. ... The Mordvins (Mordva) are a people who speak languages of the Finno-Permic branch of the Finno-Ugric language family. ... The Bashkirs, a Turkic people, live in Russia, mostly in the republic of Bashkortostan. ...


Some Mari come to Kazan for seasonal work, mostly woodwork and carpentry. They build summer houses and saunas for local people. Chuvash and Mari come to the city every day from their republics and sell potatoes and mushrooms at bazaars. Mari may refer to: Ethnic Mari El, a republic of Russian Federation Mari language, Finno-Ugric language Mari people, a Volga-Finnic people People Mari (composer), a video game music composer Mari (singer), a female vocalist Saint Mari, a Christian saint Other Mari (goddess), the main divinity of pre-Christian...


Ethnic Germans
Kazan roots and Volga.

Ethnic Germans came to Kazan from the 18th century. They served in the Russian Army, or worked in Kazan State University. Some of them are very famous in Kazan, particularly professor Karl Fuchs. During World War II some of them were repressed by Stalin's government. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 2322 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kazan Kuybyshev Reservoir Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 2322 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kazan Kuybyshev Reservoir Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... For other meanings of the word Volga see Volga (disambiguation) Волга Length 3,690 km Elevation of the source 225 m Average discharge  ? m³/s Area watershed 1. ... The main bulding of the university, 19th century Kazan State University is located in Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვი&#4314...


Today Kazan Germans mostly speak Russian.


Other groups

Assurs (Assyrians)

Group of Assurs also live in Kazan. By tradition, they work at shoe repairing. Their community lives a closely guarded life: and they do not mix with other communities. It has been suggested that Assyrian people be merged into this article or section. ...


Immigrants in the Soviet period

During World War II a lot of the Western Soviet Union populations were evacuated to Kazan, including schools, educational institutes, and plants. Some of that population did not return to their native lands. They are: Jews, Ukrainians, Belarusians, Poles, and others (nearly 2.5% of population). They speak Russian, sometimes with Ukrainian accent, and many Jews speak Tatar. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1606x1205, 543 KB) Central shopping street, Kazan. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1606x1205, 543 KB) Central shopping street, Kazan. ... Bauman Street Bauman Street, (russian: Улица Бауман), is a main street in Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia. ...


Immigrants in the 1990s

One of the biggest Kazan communities is the Azeri community. Most of them are unregistered and work illegally. Azeri tradesmen control all the bazaars. They often sell imitation clothes of famous trademarks or fruits. The number of Azeris is very big. Interestingly, Azeri speak both Russian and Tatar well. The Azeri, also referred to as Azerbaijanian Turks, are a Turkic-Muslim people. ...


Other Caucasians come from Dagestan, Georgia, Armenia and others. They often own cafés or work in construction. The Republic of Dagestan IPA: (Russian: ; Avar: , ), older spelling Daghestan, is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ...


Another big community is the Central Asian community, which includes Uzbeks, Tajiks, Roma and Kyrgyz. Some of the Uzbeks and Tajiks own cafés or fast-food restaurants; sell dried apricots, popular among Kazan citizens. Güli, one of Roma tribes, beg near mosques, at terminals in trams and trains. They give all alms (called sadaqa) to their barons. Languages Persian (varieties of Dari and Tajik) Religions Islam (predominantly Sunni) Related ethnic groups Other Iranian peoples TājÄ«k (Persian: ; UniPers: Tâjik; Cyrillic: ) is a term generally applied to Persian-speaking peoples of Iranian origin living east of Iran. ... Languages Romani, languages of native region Religions Christianity, Islam Related ethnic groups South Asians (Desi) The Roma (singular Rom; sometimes Rroma, Rrom) or Romanies are an ethnic group living in many communities all over the world. ... Languages Kyrgyz Religions Sunni Islam Related ethnic groups other Turkic peoples Kyrgyz (also spelled Kirghiz) are a Turkic ethnic group found primarily in Kyrgyzstan. ...


Other Central Asians, such as the majority of Uzbeks and Tajiks, Kyrgyz, Kazakhs work in construction or demolition of old buildings. There are some Afghanians and Turkmen in the city. East Asians, such as Chinese, Koreans, and Vietnamese work in the textile industry. Languages Persian (varieties of Dari and Tajik) Religions Islam (predominantly Sunni) Related ethnic groups Other Iranian peoples Tājīk (Persian: ; UniPers: Tâjik; Cyrillic: ) is a term generally applied to Persian-speaking peoples of Iranian origin living east of Iran. ... Languages Kyrgyz Religions Sunni Islam Related ethnic groups other Turkic peoples Kyrgyz (also spelled Kirghiz) are a Turkic ethnic group found primarily in Kyrgyzstan. ... Languages Kazakh (and/or languages in country of residence) Religions Sunni Islam The Kazakhs (also spelled Kazaks, Qazaqs; Kazakh: Қазақтар []; Russian: Казахи; the English name is transliterated from Russian) are a Turkic people of the northern parts of Central Asia (largely Kazakhstan, but also found in parts of Uzbekistan, China, Russia, and...


The majority of these people living in Kazan are illegal immigrants. They often don't understand Russian or Tatar, and never mix with them.


Other nationalities are represented by some foreign specialists, foreign companies' representatives, and students at the Kazan universities. Nearly 2000 Turkish specialists work at renovations.


Transport

Kazan port
Kazan port

Kazan is served by Kazan Airport approximately 30 kilometers from the city centre. There is also the Kazan Borisoglebskoye airfield which contains a major aircraft factory. Until recently there was Kazan-2 Airport at the eastern end of the city, but it has been pulled down as new hippodrome has been built on its place. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x558, 712 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kazan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x558, 712 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kazan Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Kazan Kurkachy Airport is a major airport in Tatarstan, Russia located 21 km southeast of Kazan. ... Kazan Borisoglebskoye (also Kazan North and Borisoglebskoye) (ICAO: UWKG) is an airport in Tatarstan, Russia located 8 km north of Kazan. ... Kazan-2 is an airport in Tatarstan, Russia located 5 km northeast of Kazan. ... A Hippodrome (Gr. ...


Kazan is connected with Moscow, Ulyanovsk, Yoshkar-Ola and Yekaterinburg by railways and highways. There are highway connections to Samara, Orenburg, Ufa, Cheboksary, Naberezhnye Chelny (Yar Çallı), Almetyevsk (Älmät), Bugulma (Bögelmä), and Chistopol (Çístay). For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Ulyanovsk (Russian: ), formerly Simbirsk (), is a city on the Volga River in Russia, 893 km east from Moscow. ... Yoshkar-Ola (Йошка́р-Ола́) is a city in Russia, capital of the Mari El republic. ... Snow-covered statue of Sverdlov in Yekaterinburg Yekaterinburgs Church on the Blood built on the spot where the Tsar and his family were executed. ... Samara (Russian: ) (from 1935 to 1991—Kuybyshev ()) is the sixth-largest city in Russia. ... Orenburg (Russian: ) is a city on the Ural River and the administrative center of Orenburg Oblast in the Volga Federal District of Russia. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Cheboksary (Russian: ; , Shupashkar) is a city and the capital of the Chuvash Republic (РЕСПУБЛИКА ЧУВАШИЯ), located inside of Russia Federation. ... Naberezhnye Chelny (Russian: ; Tatar: ; lit. ... Almetyevsk, also spelled Almat and Elmet (Tatar: Älmät, Russian: Альметьевск) is a city in Tatarstan (Russia), located on the left bank of the Zay River (Kamas tributary). ... Bugulma (Russian: ; Tatar: Bögelmä) is a town in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia. ... Chistopol (Russian: ) is a town in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia. ...


There are municipal tramways, trolleybuses and buses, and also a lot of private mini-buses, called marshrutki. There are five bridges across the Kazanka (Qazansu), and one bridge connecting Kazan with the opposite bank of Volga. This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... A Polish Solaris trolleybus in Landskrona, Sweden. ... For other uses, see Bus (disambiguation). ...


Kazan public transportations


A single-line Kazan Metro, the north-southeast Central Line, opened on 27 August 2005. The Kazan Metro now has five stations, but there are plans to extend the line in both directions and is due to cross the Kazanka river with the station Kozya slobada in late 2009. Map of the Kazan Metro Kazan Metro of Kazan, Tatarstan, Russian Federation, is a single-line metro, the north-southeast running Central Line. ...

Kazan tram near Shamil's House. It has acquired the name of Imam Shamil due to fact that his portrait was placed on building wall, although this famous warrior has never been to Kazan.

File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Imam Shamil Imam Shamil (1797 - March 1871) was an Avar political and religious leader of the Muslim tribes of the Northern Caucasus. ...

Sports

Kazan is a candidate city for 2011 Summer Universiade along with Poznan, Murcia, Kaohsiung and Shenzhen. Aq Bars Kazan (ru: Ак Барс Казань) is an ice hockey team in the Russian Superleague. ... The Russian Superleague is the highest division of the main professional ice hockey league in Russia, and is commonly considered second-best in the world after the NHL. It is part of the Russian Pro Hockey League which is composed of two divisions, the Superleague and the Vysshaya Liga (Premier... FC Rubin Kazan (Russian: Футбольный клуб Рубин Казань), is a Russian football club, based in the Tatarstan city of Kazan. ... The Russian Premier League is the top division of Russian football teams. ... UNICS Kazan is a team in Kazan, Russia playing in the Russian Basketball Super League. ... The Russian Basketball Super League (Russian: ) is the top league of Russian basketball. ... The Kazan Arrows are a Russian rugby league team, based in Kazan, Tartarstan. ... Look up bandy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


NHLer Denis Arkhipov is from Kazan. Denis Arkhipov (born May 19, 1979, in Kazan, USSR) is a professional hockey player. ...


Twin cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... Nickname: Location of Jeddah Coordinates: , Country Saudi Arabia Province Makkah (Mecca) Established 500+ BC Government  - Mayor Adil Faqeeh  - City Governor Mishal Al-Saud  - Province Governor Khalid Al-Faisal Area  - City 1,320 km²  (509. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... City nicknames: Aggieland, heart of the Research Valley Location in the State of Texas County Brazos County Mayor Ron Silvia Area  - Land  - Water 104. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Kazan

Tatar (Turkic) and Muslim celebrations Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Historically, the term Tatar (or Tartar) has been ambiguously used by Europeans to refer to many different peoples of Inner Asia and Northern Asia. ... This article is about the various peoples speaking one of the Turkic languages. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ...

Sabantuy is a Tatar and Idel-Uralian summer festival, that dates back to the Volga Bulgarian epoch. ... Persepolis all nations stair case. ... Eid ul-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى ‘Īd al-’Aḍḥā) occurs on the tenth day of the Islamic month of Dhul Hijja. ... Eid ul-Fitr or Id-Ul-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر ‘Īd al-Fiṭr), often abbreviated as simply Eid, is an Islamic holiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the month of fasting. ...

External links


Coat of arms of Tatarstan Cities and towns in the Republic of Tatarstan Flag of Russia
Capital: Kazan

Agryz | Almetyevsk | Aznakayevo | Bavly | Bolgar | Bugulma | Buinsk | Chistopol | Laishevo | Leninogorsk | Mamadysh | Mendeleyevsk | Menzelinsk | Naberezhnye Chelny | Nizhnekamsk | Nurlat | Tetyushi | Yelabuga | Zainsk | Zelenodolsk Image File history File links Coat_of_Arms_of_Tatarstan. ... Republic of Tatarstan (Russian: ; Tatar: ) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Agryz is a town in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia. ... Almetyevsk, also spelled Almat and Elmet (Tatar: Älmät, Russian: Альметьевск) is a city in Tatarstan (Russia), located on the left bank of the Zay River (Kamas tributary). ... Aznakayevo is a town in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia. ... Coat of arms of Bavly Bavly (Russian: ; Tatar: ) is a town in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia, located on the Bavly River (Iks tributary), 369 km southeast of Kazan. ... Bolgar (Russian: ; Tatar: ), inofficially called Bulgar, Bolgari or Bolgary, is a town in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia. ... Bugulma (Russian: ; Tatar: Bögelmä) is a town in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia. ... Buinsk (Russian: ; Tatar: ) is a town in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia, located on the left bank of the Karla River (left tributary of the Sviyaga), 137 km south-west of Kazan. ... Chistopol (Russian: ) is a town in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia. ... Laishevo (Russian: ; Tatar: ) is a town in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia, located on the shore of Kuybyshev Reservoir, southeast of Kazan. ... Leninogorsk (Russian: ) is a town in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia. ... Mamadysh (Russian: ; Tatar: ) is a town in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia, located on the right bank of the Vyatka River (Kamas tributary), 167 km east of Kazan. ... Mendeleyevsk is a town in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia. ... Menzelinsk, also spelled Minzala or Minzele (Minzälä in Tatar; Мензелинск in Russian) is a town in Tatarstan (Russia), located on the Menzelya River (Kamas basin) 292 km east of Kazan. ... Naberezhnye Chelny (Russian: ; Tatar: ; lit. ... Nizhnekamsk (Tatar: Tübän Kama, Russian: Нижнекамск) is a city in the republic of Tatarstan in Russia. ... Nurlat is a town in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia. ... Tetyushi by Adam Olearius. ... Yelabuga (also spelled Alabuga, Elabuga; Tatar: AlabuÄŸa/Алабуга, Russian: ) is a town in Tatarstan. ... Zainsk is a town in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia. ... Zelenodolsk (Russian: ; Tatar: ) is a city in the northwestern region of the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia. ...


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Article | Kazan, Take 2 (1046 words)
In the wake of his "betrayal," Kazan went on to tremendous acclaim with "On the Waterfront," released in 1954.
In the years that followed, Kazan directed other memorable pictures, among them "East of Eden," "A Face in the Crowd," "Splendor in the Grass," and the deeply personal love letter to his country, "America, America." But by the mid- '60s, demand diminished for his brand of serious, character-driven filmmaking.
Kazan doubtless could have composed in advance the slighting headlines that would follow his death.
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