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Encyclopedia > Kazakh Steppe
The steppes of Eastern Kazakhstan in Altyn Emeil National Park, where Genghis Khan reportedly once rode, appear to stretch out forever.
The steppes of Eastern Kazakhstan in Altyn Emeil National Park, where Genghis Khan reportedly once rode, appear to stretch out forever.

The Kazakh Steppe or "Kirgiz Steppe", is a vast region of open plains in Kazakhstan. The steppe extends more than 2,200km from the area east of the Caspian Depression and north of the Aral Sea, all the way to the Altai Mountains. It is the largest dry steppe region on earth, covering approximately 804,500 square kilometers. The Kazakh Steppe lies at the southern end of the Ural Mountains, the traditional dividing line between Europe and Asia. The region receives from 200mm to 400mm of rainfall in an average year, with more rain falling in the northern areas of the steppe. Because of low rainfall, the steppe has few trees, and consists of mostly grasslands and large, sandy areas. The Kazakh Steppe is part of the temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands biome. Much of the steppe is considered to be either semi-desert or desert. Very high winds sweep across the plains at times. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A steppe in Western Kazakhstan in early spring In physical geography, a steppe (Russian: - , Ukrainian: - , Kazakh: - ), pronounced in English as , is a plain without trees (apart from those near rivers and lakes); it is similar to a prairie, although a prairie is generally considered as being dominated by tall grasses... Caspian Depression and north Caspian Sea from space The Caspian Depression is a low-lying flatland region that lies at the northern end of the Caspian Sea. ... The Aral Sea (Kazakh: Арал Теңізі (Aral Tengizi), Uzbek: , Russian Аральскοе мοре) is a landlocked endorheic sea in Central Asia; it lies between Kazakhstan in the north and Karakalpakstan, an autonomous region of Uzbekistan, in the south. ... For the republic in Russia, see Altai Republic. ... Map of the Ural Mountains The Ural Mountains (Russian: , Uralskiye gory) (also known as the Urals, the Riphean Mountains in Greco-Roman antiquity, and known as the Stone Belt) are a mountain range that runs roughly north and south through western Russia. ... This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... In ecology, a biome is a major regional group of distinctive plant and animal communities best adapted to the regions physical natural environment, latitude, elevation, and terrain. ...


The western part of the Kazakh Steppe is very sparsely populated, with between two and three people per square kilometer. As one heads east across the plains, the population density increases to between four and seven people per square kilometer. Kazakh people make up the majority of the people living in the area. The Turan Lowland lies in the southwestern part of the steppe, but elevation increases as one travels east or to the northern parts of the steppe, with a few exceptions. Average temperatures in July range from 20C to 26C, and -12C to -18C in January. The climate can be compared to that of the Canadian Prairies. Russia leases approximately 7,360 square kilometers in the southern region of the steppe for the world's oldest space launch facility, Baikonur Cosmodrome. Kazakh may refer to An ethnic group: the Kazakhs The Kazakh language The Culture of Kazakhstan Suhbat. ... The Turan Lowland is a vast low-lying desert region that stretches from southern Turkmenistan through Uzbekistan to Kazakhstan. ... A spaceport is a site for launching spacecraft, by analogy with airport for aircraft. ... Map showing the location of Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan The Baikonur Cosmodrome (Kazakh: Байқоңыр ғарыш айлағы, Bayqoñır ğarış aylağı; Russian: Космодром Байконур, Kosmodrom Baykonur), also called Tyuratam, is the worlds oldest and largest operational space launch facility. ...


Animals that can be found in the steppes of Kazakstan include: The Saiga Antelope, Siberian Roe Deer, wolves, foxes and badgers. Saiga Antelope The Saiga (Saiga tatarica) is a ruminant which inhabits a vast area between Kazakhstan, southern Siberia and northwestern China. ... Binomial name Capreolus pygargus Pallas, 1771 Subspecies C. p. ... Binomial name Canis lupus Linnaeus, 1758 The Wolf or Grey Wolf (Canis lupus) is a mammal of the Canidae family and the ancestor of the domestic dog. ... Fox is a general term applied to any one of roughly 27 species of small to medium-sized omnivorous canids in the tribe vulpini with sharp features and a brush-like tail. ... Genera  Arctonyx  Melogale  Meles  Mellivora  Taxidea For other uses, see Badger (disambiguation). ...


See also

The West Siberian Plain (Russian: За́падно-Сиби́рская равни́на) is a large plain that occupies the western portion of Siberia in Russia, between the Ural Mountains in the west and the Yenisei River in the east. ...

References


  Results from FactBites:
 
Kazakh Steppe - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (343 words)
The Kazakh Steppe or "Kirgiz Steppe", is a vast region of open plains in Kazakhstan.
The Kazakh Steppe lies at the southern end of the Ural Mountains, the traditional dividing line between Europe and Asia.
The Kazakh Steppe is part of the temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands biome.
Kazakhstan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4426 words)
The Kazakhs emerged from a mixture of tribes living in the region in about the 15th century and by the middle of the 16th century had developed a common language, culture, and economy.
The Kazakh Steppe, with an area of around 804,500 square kilometres (310,600 sq. mi), occupies one-third of the country and is the world's largest dry steppe region.
Kazakhstan is a bilingual country: the Kazakh language, spoken by 64.4% of the population, has the status of the "state" language, while Russian is declared the "official" language, and is used routinely in business.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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