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Encyclopedia > Kayseri Province

The Kayseri Province, in central Turkey, is an area that has been linked with mythological stories as well as important figures in Turkish history. It is located in the Asian area of Turkey, and surrounded by the Erciyes Mountains, the Hasan Mountain and the Ali Mountain. The Ali mountain is named like that in honor of Ali Baba, who is said to have lived in the area.


According to Turkish mythology, a man named Hasan Baba would cross mountains during the month of August every year and bring Ali Baba snow, which would not melt. Whether this happened for real or not, however, is highly debatable.

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Civilization in Kayseri

Kayseri was first known as the city of Masaka. Later, during the Roman period, the province's name was changed to Kaesarea, then Kayzer before becoming known with its modern name of Kayseri. Danismend Gazi conquered Kayseri in 1084. The Seljuk Empire then modernized the province, with new buildings and mosques being built around. During this period, the Sihafane,Kayseri's first hospital, and perhaps the first hospital in all of Anatolia, was built. It was built in honor of Princess Gevher Nesibe Hatun, daughter of the Sultan. She died of a disease at a young age, requesting for this hospital to be built and named after her. Construction of the hospital was completed in 1206.


Later on, Kayseri became a cultural mecca of poets, artists and others of that sort in Turkey. Seyyid Burhaneddin lived there, and so did others such as Kadi Burhaneddin and Seyrani, among many others. Seynari was born in 1807. Sinan the Great, an Ottoman architect, was also from Kayseri.


Ataturk in Kayseri

In 1919, Ataturk chose Kayseri as his new home.


Modern Kayseri

Kayseri is nowadays a province filled with modern buildings and museums. Some of Turkey's most famous statues and monuments are located there.


Transportation in Kayseri

Apart from taxi and bus transportation, Kayseri has a modern jet airport, Kayseri International Airport is served by Air Berlin, Aero Lloyd and local airline Turkish Airlines.


External link

  • Governor's web site (http://www.kayseri.gov.tr).



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