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Encyclopedia > Kavarna
Kavarna
Map of Bulgaria, Kavarna is indicated
Province
(oblast)
Dobrich
Population 12,851 (14.06.05)
Altitude 121 m
Postal code 9650
Area code +359 570
Geographic coordinates 43° 26' north, 28° 20' east
Time zone EET
(UTC+2; UTC+3 in summer)
Mayor Tsonko Tsonev

Kavarna (Bulgarian: Каварна) is a Black Sea coastal town in the Dobruja region of northeastern Bulgaria. It lies 64 km from Varna and 49 km from Dobrich on the main road E79. The population is about 12,500. A little yacht port, a fishing base, a spacious beach and a resort complex exist in the town. Image File history File links Kavarna_location_in_Bulgaria. ... Since 1999 Bulgaria is divided into 28 oblasts (provinces or regions) that correspond aproximatly to the 28 okrugs that existet before 1987. ... metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation) The metre (in the U.S., chiefly meter) is a measure of length, approximately equal to 3. ... Blagoevgrad - 2700 Bansko - 2770 Bania - 2778 Kremen - 2771 Eleshnitza - 2782 Dobrinishte - 2777 Belitsa - 2780 Gotse Delchev - 2900 Gurmen - 2960 Kresna - 2840 Petrich - 2850 Razlog - 2760 Sandanski - 2800 Satovcha - 2950 Simitli - 2730 Strumiani - 2825 Hadzidimovo - 2933 Yakoruda - 2790 Riltzi Burgas - 8000 Dyuny - 8001 Elenite - 8002 Slunchev Briag/Sunny Beach - 8240 Aitos... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... UTC also stands for the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time, the basis for civil time, differs by an integral number of seconds from atomic time and a fractional number of seconds from UT1. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... Moscow Time Eastern European Summer Time Eastern African Time Category: ... The Bulgarian Black Sea Coast covers the whole eastern border of Bulgaria. ... Dobruja, or sometimes Dobrudja (Dobrogea in Romanian, Добруджа—transliterated Dobrudzha—in Bulgarian, Dobruca in Turkish), is the territory between the lower Danube river and the Black Sea, including the Danube Delta, Romanian coast and the northernmost part of the Bulgarian coast. ... A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... Varna (Bulgarian: Варна) is the third largest city in Bulgaria after Sofia and Plovdiv, with a population of 351,552(10. ... Dobrich (Bulgarian: Добрич) is a town in northeastern Bulgaria and the administrative centre of Dobrich Province. ...

Contents


Geography

The lay of the land is flat and the seacoast of Kavarna is 42 km long. Along it there are small beaches, including an artificial one. Gore Chirakman with its almost sheer slopes towers above the seacoast. Remains of stronghold walls, moats, buildings, churches and necropolises can be found on the flat plateau. The region is rich in mineral waters. A necropolis (plural: necropolises or necropoleis) is a cemetery or burying-place, literally a city of the dead. Apart from the occasional application of the word to modern cemeteries outside large towns, the term is chiefly used of burial grounds near the sites of the centers of ancient civilizations. ... In geology and earth science, a plateau, also called a high plateau or tableland, is an area of highland, usually consisting of relatively flat open country if the uplift was recent in geologic history. ...


The area around Kavarna offers opportunities for developing ecotourism and specialized tourism — examination and photography of plants, dolphins and various kinds of fish in the coastal waters. The variety of birds attracts tourists from all parts of the world and contributes to Kaliakra and Yaylata becoming one of the most preferred places in Bulgaria for the development of ornithological tourism.

Coat of arms of Kavarna municipality
Coat of arms of Kavarna municipality

Image File history File links Kavarna-coa. ...

History

The town was founded in the 5th century BC by Greek colonials who settled on the Chirakman Plateau in the colony called Byzone (or Bizone). During the 3rd and 2nd century BC the town played an important mediating role between the local settlements and the Greeks. Despite being unsuitable for wharfing because of its rocky coasts, the northern Bulgarian Black Sea Coast was an attractive centre due to the fact that the local people produced and traded with corn of high quality. (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) The 5th century BC started on January 1, 500 BC and ended on December 31, 401 BC. // Overview The Parthenon of Athens seen from the hill of the Pnyx to the west. ... (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) The 3rd century BC started on January 1, 300 BC and ended on December 31, 201 BC. // Events The Pyramid of the Moon, one of several monuments built in Teotihuacán Teotihuacán, Mexico begun The first two Punic Wars between Carthage... (3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - other centuries) (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD) // Events 175 BCE - Antiochus IV Epiphanes, took possession of the Syrian throne, at the murder of his brother Seleucus IV Philopator, which rightly belonged to his nephew Demetrius I Soter. ...


During the second part of the 1st century BC the ancient town fell in the sea because of a disastrous earthquake. The frontal part of the Chirakman broke off and together with the richest citizens fell into the Black Sea's waters. According to the leader of the finished first part of the underwater archaeological expedition Kavarna 2005 Asen Salkin, the Roman town of Bizone has sunk two times in the sea. For that evidence the located form skin-divers borders of a sunk residential district of the town of Bizone in Kavarna's coast. For the presence of residential buildings the archaeologists judge by the found ashlars and parts of brick walls. The finds date from the 2nd century AD. According to the leader of the expedition this residential district has nothing in common with the disastrous earthquake from the 1st century BC. The underwater finds evidence for other phenomenon, for which the scientists express only suppositions, such as transgression and regression of the strata. It has started to transgress during the 1st century AD and this has continued to the 2nd century. It is possible that during this period the coast had risen by four metres and one day it suddenly fallen through. (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) The 1st century BC started on January 1, 100 BC and ended on December 31, 1 BC. An alternative name for this century is the last century BC. The AD/BC notation does not use a year zero. ... Map of the Black Sea. ... (1st century - 2nd century - 3rd century - other centuries) Events Roman Empire governed by the Five Good Emperors (96–180) – Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius. ... (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) The 1st century BC started on January 1, 100 BC and ended on December 31, 1 BC. An alternative name for this century is the last century BC. The AD/BC notation does not use a year zero. ...


During Roman times the town was restored under the same name and quickly flourished, the settlement revived and the port brightened up. The Roman Forum was the central area around which ancient Rome developed. ...


In the 7th century the Slavs and Bulgars destroyed the town and founded the settlement of Karvuna. During the Middle Ages the settlement developed vastly, becoming the center of the Principality of Karvuna that ruled all of Dobruja. During the 13th and 14th centuries, Karvuna reached its greatest blossoming under the rule of the Dobruja despots Balik and Dobrotitsa. The 7th century is the period from 601 - 700 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ... This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... Dobruja, or sometimes Dobrudja (Dobrogea in Romanian, Добруджа—transliterated Dobrudzha—in Bulgarian, Dobruca in Turkish), is the territory between the lower Danube river and the Black Sea, including the Danube Delta and the Romanian coast. ... Dobruja, or sometimes Dobrudja (Dobrogea in Romanian, Добруджа—transliterated Dobrudzha—in Bulgarian, Dobruca in Turkish), is the territory between the lower Danube river and the Black Sea, including the Danube Delta, Romanian coast and the northernmost part of the Bulgarian coast. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ...


The town later came under sway of the expanding Ottoman Empire and was mentioned for the first time with its current name in the beginning of the 15th century. During the Ottoman invasions the town was almost destroyed, but during the second part of the 17th century it was rebuilt. The town was considered the economical and cultural centre during Antiquity and the Middle Ages with rich and carious remains – stronghold walls, early-Christian basilica, medieval churches, and public buildings. Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power (1683) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Söğüt (1299-1326), Bursa (1326-1365), Edirne (1365-1453), Ä°stanbul (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanl... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power (1683) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Söğüt (1299-1326), Bursa (1326-1365), Edirne (1365-1453), Ä°stanbul (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanl... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Antiquity means different things: Generally it means ancient history, and may be used of any period before the Middle Ages. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... A Christian is a follower of Jesus, whom they regard as a/the Christ. ... St. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... A church building (or simply church) is a building used in Christian worship. ...


Notable works of art, such as coins from different historical epochs, golden adornments, a golden Thracian treasure of applications, have been found in the area. Between the 15th and 19th century the town becomes popular under the name Kavarna, as a Christian settlement and port for grain. From that time remain a Turkish bath, a medieval necropolis, a bridge, fountains, Christian churches and many inscriptions.


During the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878 Kavarna's inhabitants rebelled against the bashi-bazouks and Circassian hordes. After the liberation the town became part of the Principality of Bulgaria. Plevna Monument near the walls of Kitai-gorod. ... A bashi-bazouk (in Turkish başıbozuk, meaning disorganized, leaderless) was an irregular soldier of the Ottoman army. ... The Treaty of San Stefano of March 3, 1878 provided for an independent Bulgarian state, which spanned over the geographical regions of Moesia, Thrace and Macedonia. ...


From the beginning of 20th century Kavarna achieved a rapped progress as an economical and cultural centre, interrupted in 1913 when the town went under Romanian rule. The Bulgarian population opposed to the assimilatory politics of the Romanian authorities by civic activities of the church and library. In 1940 the town was ultimately taken back to Bulgaria. Many kavarnian lives in Cosenza, Italy. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... Cosenza is a town and comune in the Calabria region of southern Italy, on the Crati River. ...


Monuments and museums

Dobruja and the Sea Display

The Dobruja and the Sea Display is a small maritime museum. It is situated in an approximately restored Turkish bath, the Hamam. It was built in the beginning of the 15th century and represents a massive beehive bath from stone, situated in the beginning of the valley leading to the port, and half a kilometre apart from the town centre. Many stone anchors, amphorae and ceramics found during the underwater archaeological expeditions are exposed there. Coins from different epochs and a golden Thracian treasure can be seen in the Treasure House Hall The ancient and mediaeval colour painting expend our concepts for the ancient navigation around Dobruja's coasts.


Town Museum

The Town Museum can be found in the building of the local library. Materials, revealing the thousand-year old history of the town are displayed in its exposition. Evidence for the life of the people in the region since ancient times are represented here. A model of prehistoric cave-dwellings, many tools, guns, rifles and pistols from the War of Liberation, as well as ethnographic materials — clothing, finery, folk-style cloth, are also exhibited


Ethnographic Museum

The Ethnographic Museum represents an old house from the end of the 19th century that belonged to a rich family. Its interior reveals the customs and culture of the people inhabiting that part of the country; premises typical for Dobruja houses, tools from the culture and the daily round of the people. The building is surrounded by a garden full of mulberry trees, peonies and tulips.


Churches

The Church of Saint George was built in 1836 and the Assumption Church in 1860. Both churches played an important role during the Ottoman rule and after the Liberation as educational and cultural centers. Saint-George is a municipality with 695 inhabitants (as of 2003) in the district of Aubonne in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland. ... Charles Darwin 1836 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power (1683) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Söğüt (1299-1326), Bursa (1326-1365), Edirne (1365-1453), İstanbul (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanl...


The old fountains

These were 12 spring fountains situated along the valley to the port. A part of them were destroyed and the rest were restored recently. The great amount of spring water forms a small river.


Culture

Since 2004 the town has turned in one of the centres of musical life in Bulgaria. Kavarna has been the host to several rock and roll concerts. In 2005 the most popular band to play in the town's stadium was Deep Purple. The other notable performers were mostly legends of German rock and heavy metal music, such as Scorpions, Axel Rudi Pell, Gamma Ray, Masterplan and Destruction. On 27 August 2005 Accept, another German band, played here its last show ever. Rock is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars, and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles, however saxophones have been omitted from newer subgenres of rock music since the 90s. ... This article is about the rock group. ... Heavy metal is a genre of rock music that emerged as a defined musical style in the 1970s, having its roots in hard rock bands which, between 1967 and 1974, mixed blues and rock to create a hybrid with a thick, heavy, guitar-and-drums-centered sound, characterised by the... Scorpions are a hard rock band from Hanover, Germany, best known for their 80s rock anthem, Rock You Like a Hurricane and their singles Wind of Change, No One Like You, and Still Loving You. // History Formation and early history (1965-1973) Rudolf Schenker, the bands rhythm guitarist, set... Axel Rudi Pell (Born June 27, 1960) is a german melodic speed/power metal guitarist. ... Gamma Ray at the end of a show in Barcelona. ... For the Oasis album, see The Masterplan. ... Destruction is a German thrash metal band formed in Lörrach, Germany in 1983. ... August 27 is the 239th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (240th in leap years), with 126 days remaining. ... Accept is a German heavy metal band from the town of Solingen, originally assembled in the early 1970s by Udo Dirkschneider. ...


External links

  • Official homepage
  • Guide to Kavarna municipality

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kavarna beach resort in Bulgaria ( Back Sea , Bulgarien ) (277 words)
Kavarna is a small port town which has a broad outlet on the Black Sea to the Eastern and Southern sides.
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Kavarna (155 words)
The town of Kavarna is in the southern part of the Dobrudja Plateau, 2 km north of the steep Black Sea coast.
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