FACTOID # 24: Looking for table makers? Head to Mississippi, with an overwhlemingly large number of employees in furniture manufacturing.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Kaunas" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Kaunas
Kaunas
Laikinoji sostinė
Location
Location
Ethnographic region Aukštaitija
County Kaunas County
Municipality Kaunas city municipality
Geographic coordinate system 54°54′N, 23°56′E
Number of elderates 11
General Information
Capital of Kaunas County
Kaunas city municipality
Kaunas district municipality
Population 361,274 in 2005 (2nd)
First mentioned 1361
Granted city rights 1408

Kaunas (pronunciation (help· info), approximate English transcription [ˈkəʊ.nəs], simplified Lithuanian transcription [koŭnas]; known also by several alternative names) is the second largest city in Lithuania and a former temporary capital. It is served by the freeways Via Baltica (E67) and Vilnius—Klaipėda (A1). Kaunas is located at the confluence of the two largest Lithuanian rivers, the Nemunas and the Neris, and near the Kaunas Lagoon, the largest body of water in Lithuania. Temporary capital (Lithuanian Laikinoji sostinė) was the official designation of the city of Kaunas in Lithuania during the interwar period. ... Image File history File links LietuvaKaunas. ... Image File history File links Kaunas (Lithuania, Europe) Coat of Arms. ... Lithuania is divided into historical and cultural regions: Aukštaitija (literally Upper Lithuania) comprises present Vilnius county, Utena County, Panevėžys County and the eastern part of Šiauliai County. ... AukÅ¡taitija (litterally Highlands) is the name of one of five ethnographic regions of Lithuania. ... Map of counties and their capitals The territory of Lithuania is divided into 10 counties (Lithuanian: apskritys, singular - apskritis), all named after their capitals. ... Kaunas County is one of ten counties in Lithuania. ... Map of municipalities and counties in Lithuania. ... Location Ethnographic region Sudovia / AukÅ¡taitija County Kaunas County General information Capital Kaunas Major settlements Kaunas (pop. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... SeniÅ«nija (elderate or eldership in English) is the smallest administrative division of Lithuania. ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... Kaunas County is one of ten counties in Lithuania. ... Location Ethnographic region Sudovia / AukÅ¡taitija County Kaunas County General information Capital Kaunas Major settlements Kaunas (pop. ... Location Ethnographic region [[AukÅ¡taitija / Sudovia]] County Kaunas County General information Capital Kaunas Major settlements Garliava (pop. ... Cities with over 250,000 inhabitants in Lithuania : Vilnius (Capital City) Kaunas Cities with 50,000–250,000 inhabitants in Lithuania : Alytus KlaipÄ—da Panevėžys Å iauliai Towns with 30,000–50,000 inhabitants in Lithuania Jonava KÄ—dainiai MarijampolÄ— Mažeikiai TelÅ¡iai Utena Towns with 20,000–30... The Magdeburg Rights (or Magdeburg law) were a set of city laws regulating the degree of internal autonomy within cities and villages granted with it by a local ruler. ... Image File history File links Kaunas. ... The symbols of the International Phonetic Alphabet can be used to show pronounciation in English. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Interstate 80 (Eastshore Freeway) in Berkeley, California: a typical American freeway (MUTCD definition) A freeway, also known as a highway, superhighway, autoroute, autobahn, autostrada, dual carriageway, expressway, Autosnelweg or motorway, depending on the country of discussion, is a type of road designed for safer high-speed operation of motor vehicles... European route E67, also known as the Via Baltica, is a highway running from Prague in the Czech Republic to Helsinki in Finland by way of Poland, Kaunas (Lithuania), Riga (Latvia), and Tallinn (Estonia). ... A1 Highway in Lithuania connects capital Vilnius with port city of Klaipėda via second largest city Kaunas. ... The Neman (Belarusian: ; Lithuanian: ; Russian: ; Polish: ; German: ) is a major Eastern European river rising in Belarus and flowing through Lithuania before draining into the Baltic Sea near KlaipÄ—da. ... Neris ( (help· info), Belarusian: ) is a river arising in Belarus, flowing through Vilnius (Lithuania) and becoming a tributary of the Neman River (Nemunas) at Kaunas (Lithuania). ... Kaunas Yacht Club on Kaunas Lagoon Schematic map of Kaunas Lagoon region. ...

Contents

Names

City's name is of Lithuanian origins and most likely derives from a personal name.[1]


Before Lithuania regained independence, the city was generally known in English as Kovno, the traditional Slavic form of its name; the Polish name is Kowno. The traditional Russian name is Ковно, although Каунас has been used since 1940. The Yiddish name is Kovne (קאָװנע), while its names in German include Kowno and Kauen. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...  Countries where a West Slavic language is the national language  Countries where an East Slavic language is the national language  Countries where a South Slavic language is the national language The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup... Yiddish (Yid. ...


Coat of arms

In June 30, 1993 the historical Coat of Arms of Kaunas city was established by a special presidential decree. The coat of arms features a white aurochs with a golden cross between his horns, set against a deep red background. The aurochs is the original heraldic symbol of the city since 1400. The current emblem was the result of much study and discussion on the part of the Lithuanian Heraldry Commission, and realized by the artist Raimondas Miknevičius. An aurochs has replaced a wisent, depicted in the Soviet era emblem, used since 1969. is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... The following is a list of Lithuanian rulers — grand dukes, kings, and presidents — when Lithuania was a sovereign state or was regarded as a separate entity (i. ... Binomial name Subspecies Bos primigenius primigenius   (Bojanus, 1827) Bos primigenius namadicus   (Falconer, 1859) Bos primigenius mauretanicus   (Thomas, 1881) See Ur (rune) for the rune. ... Highland cow, a very old long-horned breed from Scotland. ... An emblem consists of a pictorial image, abstract or representational, that epitomizes a concept - often a concept of a moral truth or an allegory. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The Wisent or European Bison (Bison bonasus) (IPA: ) is a bison species and the heaviest land animal in Europe. ... Soviet redirects here. ...

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1836 KB) Kaunas castle, Lithuania. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1836 KB) Kaunas castle, Lithuania. ... The round tower and the bastion of the Castle Kaunas Castle is located in Kaunas, Lithuania. ...

History

Grand Duchy of Lithuania

St. George Church (1487)
St. George Church (1487)
Kaunas' view in 19th century
Kaunas' view in 19th century

At the location of the current Kaunas old town, at the confluence of two large rivers, a settlement had been established by the tenth century AD. According to legend, the town was founded in 1030, but it is first mentioned in written sources in 1361. In the thirteenth century, a stone wall was built as protection from constant raids by the Teutonic Knights. In 1362, the town was captured by the Teutonic Knights, who destroyed the Kaunas Castle. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 937 KB) St. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 937 KB) St. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... For the historical novel, see The Teutonic Knights (novel). ... The round tower and the bastion of the Castle Kaunas Castle is located in Kaunas, Lithuania. ...


In 1408 the town was granted Magdeburg Rights by Vytautas the Great and became a center of Kaunas Powiat in Trakai Voivodeship in 1413. The castle was rebuilt at the beginning of the 15th century. Kaunas then began to gain prominence, since it was at an intersection of trade routes and a river port. In 1441 Kaunas joined the Hanseatic League, and Hansa merchant offices were opened. By the 16th century, Kaunas had a public school, a hospital, and a drugstore, and was one of the best-formed towns in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The Magdeburg Rights (or Magdeburg law) were a set of city laws regulating the degree of internal autonomy within cities and villages granted with it by a local ruler. ... Vytautas the Great, 17th century painting Trakai Island Castle Vytautas the Great (Lithuanian:  ; Belarusian: ; Polish: ; Ruthenian: Vitovt; German: ; Latin: Alexander Vitoldus; ca. ... Trakai Voivodeship Trakai Voivodeship (Lithuanian: Trakų vaivadija, Polish: Województwo Trockie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (after the Union of Lublin it, together with whole Grand Duchy of Lithuania, became part of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth) from the 16th century till... A trade route is the sequence of pathways and stopping places used for the commercial transport of cargo. ... Categories: Stub | Commercial item transport and distribution | Transportation ... Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region (1539). ... Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region (1539). ... The Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Lithuanian: , Ruthenian: Wialikaje Kniastwa Litowskaje, Ruskaje, Å»amojckaje, Belarusian: , Ukrainian: , Polish: , Latin: ) was an Eastern and Central European state of the 12th[1] /13th century until the 18th century. ...


The 17th and 18th centuries were unfortunate for Kaunas. In 1665, the Russian army attacked the city several times, and in 1701 the city was occupied by the Swedish army. The Black Death struck the area in 1657 and 1708, and fires destroyed parts of the city in 1731 and 1732. For other uses, see Sweden (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Plague doctor be merged into this article or section. ...


Russian Empire

After the final partition of the Polish-Lithuanian state in 1795, the city was occupied by the Russian Empire and became a part of Vilna Governorate. During the French invasion of Russia in 1812, the Grand Army of Napoleon passed through Kaunas twice, devastating the city both times. The Partitions of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Polish: Rozbiór Polski or Rozbiory Polski; Lithuanian: Lietuvos-Lenkijos padalijimai, Belarusian: Падзелы Рэчы Паспалітай) took place in the 18th century and ended the existence of the sovereign Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Coat of Arms of Vilna Governorate (1845 - 1915) Vilnа Governorate (Russian: , Vilenskaya guberniya) was a governorate (guberniya) of the Russian Empire created after Third Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1795 and attached to the Northwestern Krai. ... Combatants First French Empire Kingdom of Italy Kingdom of Naples Duchy of Warsaw Confederation of the Rhine Kingdom of Bavaria Kingdom of Saxony Kingdom of Westphalia Swiss Confederation Austrian Empire Kingdom of Prussia Russian Empire Commanders Napoleon Eugène de Beauharnais Jérôme Bonaparte Jaques MacDonald Prince Schwarzenberg Alexander... La Grande Armée (in English, the Big or Grand Army) is the French military term for the main force in a military campaign. ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ...

Church and Monastery of Pažaislis
Church and Monastery of Pažaislis

After the Partitions, Kaunas was one of the centres of the November Uprising (1830-1831) and the January Uprising (1863-1864). To discourage the local population, the Russian authorities placed a huge military garrison in the town. The Russian military fortifications from that time still survive throughout the town. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1917 KB) Church and Monastery of Pažaislis, Kaunas, Lithuania Author: Wojsyl File links The following pages link to this file: Kaunas Talk:Baroque architecture Pažaislis monastery Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1917 KB) Church and Monastery of Pažaislis, Kaunas, Lithuania Author: Wojsyl File links The following pages link to this file: Kaunas Talk:Baroque architecture Pažaislis monastery Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Church and Monastery of Pažaislis, Kaunas Pažaislis monastery and church (Polish: ) form the largest monastery complex in Lithuania, and one of the most magnificent examples of Italian baroque architecture in Eastern Europe. ... The Partitions of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Polish: Rozbiór Polski or Rozbiory Polski; Lithuanian: Lietuvos-Lenkijos padalijimai, Belarusian: Падзелы Рэчы Паспалітай) took place in the 18th century and ended the existence of the sovereign Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... Coat-of-arms of the November Uprising. ... Polonia (Poland), 1863, by Jan Matejko, 1864, oil on canvas, 156 × 232 cm, National Museum, Kraków. ... Fortress plan of the 19th century Kaunas Fortress is the remains of fortress in Kaunas, Lithuania. ...

House of Perkūnas
House of Perkūnas

Kovno Governorate with a center in Kovno (Kaunas) was formed in 1843. In 1862 a railway connecting the Russian Empire and Germany was constructed, making Kaunas a significant railway hub. In 1898 the first power plant started operating. After Vilnius was occupied by Russian bolsheviks in 1919, the government of the Republic of Lithuania established its main offices here. Later, when Vilnius was seized by Poland, Kaunas became the interim capital of the Lithuanian government, a position it held until 1939, when Poland was partitioned between Nazi Germany and the USSR. Stalin returned Vilnius to Lithuania, and the process of moving the capital was initiated. Before it was complete, however, the whole country was occupied by the Soviet Union. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1920x2560, 1875 KB) Perkun House, Kaunas, Lithuania. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1920x2560, 1875 KB) Perkun House, Kaunas, Lithuania. ... House of Perkūnas House of Perkūnas in Kaunas is one of the most original and archaic Gothic secular buildings in Lithuania. ... Kovno Governorate with a center in Kovno (Kaunas) was a governorate (guberniya) of the Russian Empire. ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... A power station (also power plant) is a facility for the generation of electric power. ... Location Ethnographic region Aukštaitija County Vilnius County Municipality Geographic coordinate system Number of elderates 20 General Information Capital of Lithuania Vilnius County Vilnius city municipality Vilnius district municipality Population About 600,000 in 2006 (1st) First mentioned 1323 Granted city rights 1387 Not to be confused with Vilnius city... Bolshevik Party Meeting. ... Temporary capital (Lithuanian Laikinoji sostinė) was the official designation of the city of Kaunas in Lithuania during the interwar period. ...


Interbellum Lithuania

Between the World Wars industry prospered in Kaunas; it was at the time the largest city in Lithuania. Under direction of mayor Jonas Vileišis (1921-1931) Kaunas grew rapidly and became a truly modern city. A water and wastewater system, costing over 15 million Lithuanian Litas, was put in place; the city expanded from 18 square kilometers to 40; more than 2,500 buildings were built, including three modern bridges over the Neris and Nemunas rivers. All the city streets were paved, horse-drawn transportation was replaced with modern bus lines, new suburbs were planned and built (Žaliakalnis neighborhood in particular), new parks and squares were established. The foundations for a social security system were laid, three new schools were built, and new public libraries, including the Vincas Kudirka library, were established. Vileišis maintained many contacts in other European cities, and as a result Kaunas was an active participant in European urban life. A world war is a war affecting the majority of the worlds major nations. ... Jonas VileiÅ¡is Jonas VileiÅ¡is – (January 3, 1872 – June 1, 1942) was a Lithuanian lawyer, politician, and diplomat. ... Žaliakalnis is a neighbourhood in the second biggest city of Lithuania, Kaunas. ...


Soviet occupation

In 1940 Kaunas was annexed by the Soviet Union as part of the Lithuanian SSR. 14 June 1941 marked the beginning of mass arrests, executions and deportations of townspeople to Siberia and other parts of Russia. After the outbreak of German invasion into USSR on 23 June an uprising began in Kaunas and a short-lived Lithuanian independence of 1941 was proclaimed in Kaunas on June 23, 1941. State motto: Lithuanian: Visų Å¡alių proletarai, vienykitÄ—s! Translation: Workers of the world, unite! Capital Vilnius Official language None. ... June 14 is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Combatants Germany, Romania, Finland, Italy, Hungary, Slovakia  Soviet Union Commanders Adolf Hitler Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb Fedor von Bock Gerd von Rundstedt Heinz Guderian Günther von Kluge Franz Halder Maresal Ion Antonescu C.G.E. Mannerheim Giovanni Messe, CSIR Italo Gariboldi, ARMIR Joseph Stalin Kliment Voroshilov Semyon Timoshenko Fyodor... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Independence is the self-government of a nation, country, or state by its residents and population, generally exercising sovereignty. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ...


Tragedy of Kaunas Jews

During the inter-war period Kaunas had a Jewish population of 35,000-40,000, about one-fourth of the city's total population[2]. Jews were concentrated in the city's commercial, artisan, and professional sectors. Kaunas was also a center of Jewish learning. The yeshiva in Slobodka (Vilijampolė), was one of Europe's most prestigious institutions of higher Jewish learning. Kaunas had a rich and varied Jewish culture. The city had almost 100 Jewish organizations, 40 synagogues[dubious ], many Yiddish schools, 4 Hebrew high schools, a Jewish hospital, and scores of Jewish-owned businesses. It was also an important Zionist center. Slabodka yeshiva (Knesset Yisrael), was known colloquially as the mother of yeshivas (rabbinical seminaries). ...


Kaunas Jewish life was first disrupted when the Soviet Union occupied Lithuania in June 1940. The occupation was accompanied by arrests, confiscations, and the elimination of all free institutions. Jewish communal organizations disappeared almost overnight. Soviet authorities confiscated the property of many Jews. Hundreds of Jews were exiled to Siberia. Meanwhile, the Lithuanian Activist Front, founded by Lithuanian nationalist émigrés in Berlin, clandestinely disseminated anti-semitic literature in Lithuania[3]. Among other themes, the literature blamed Jews for the Soviet occupation. 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... “Siberian” redirects here. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Émigré is a French term that literally refers to a person who has migrated out, but often carries a connotation of politico-social self-exile. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ...


Following Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941, Soviet forces fled Kaunas. Immediately before and following the German occupation of the city on June 25, anti-Communist, German organized insurgents began to attack Jews (blaming them for Soviet repressions), especially along Jurbarko and Kriščiukaičio streets[4]. They murdered hundreds of Jews and took dozens more Jews to the Lietūkis garage, in the city center, and killed them there. is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Algirdas Klimaitis (often referred as Jonas Klimaitis in non-Lithuanian literature) was a Lithuanian journalist and military commander. ...


The Nazis eventually established the Kaunas Ghetto, which by the end of the war would be nearly completely liquidated.[5] The Kaunas Ghetto (also called the Kovno Ghetto) was a ghetto established by Nazi Germany to hold the Jews of the Lithuanian city of Kaunas during the Holocaust. ...


Modern times

After World War II Kaunas became the main industrial city of Lithuania - it produced about a quarter of Lithuania's industrial output.


After the proclamation of Lithuanian independence in 1991, Soviet attempts to suppress the rebellion focused on the television and radio transmitters in Sitkūnai, which were a critical part of the remaining free media. They were defended by the citizenry of Kaunas.

Confluence of the Neman and Neris Rivers in Kaunas
Confluence of the Neman and Neris Rivers in Kaunas

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2560x1920, 826 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kaunas Neris ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2560x1920, 826 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kaunas Neris ... Look up confluence in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Neman (Belarusian: ; Lithuanian: ; Russian: ; Polish: ; German: ) is a major Eastern European river rising in Belarus and flowing through Lithuania before draining into the Baltic Sea near Klaipėda. ... Neris ( (help· info), Belarusian: ) is a river arising in Belarus, flowing through Vilnius (Lithuania) and becoming a tributary of the Neman River (Nemunas) at Kaunas (Lithuania). ...

Demography

Historical population

Year Inhabitants
1796 8,500
1813 3,000
1825 5,000
1840 8,500
1860 23,300
1897 71,000
1923 92,000
1940 154,000
1959 214,000
1966 275,000
1989 418,087
2001 378,943
2004 366,652
2005 361,274

Ethnic composition

With almost 93 percent of its citizens being ethnic Lithuanians, Kaunas is one of the most Lithuanian cities in the country. Kaunas has a higher proportion of ethnic Lithuanians than Vilnius, and more ethnic Lithuanians than Riga has ethnic Latvians or Tallinn has ethnic Estonians. Location Ethnographic region AukÅ¡taitija County Vilnius County Municipality Geographic coordinate system Number of elderates 20 General Information Capital of Lithuania Vilnius County Vilnius city municipality Vilnius district municipality Population About 600,000 in 2006 (1st) First mentioned 1323 Granted city rights 1387 Not to be confused with Vilnius city... Coordinates: , Founded 1201 Government  - Mayor Jānis Birks Area  - City 307. ... County Area 159. ...


Ethnic composition in 2001, out of a total of 378,943:[6] An ethnic group or ethnicity is a population of human beings whose members identify with each other, either on the basis of a presumed common genealogy or ancestry[1], or recognition by others as a distinct group[2], or by common cultural, linguistic, religious, or territorial traits. ...

  1. Lithuanians 352,051
  2. Russians 16,622
  3. Ukrainians 1,906
  4. Poles 1,600
  5. Other 6,764

Geography

Kaunas' elderates
Kaunas' elderates

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Administrative divisions

Kaunas is divided into 11 Elderates Seniūnija (or eldership, elderate in English) is the smallest administrative division of Lithuania. ...

  • Aleksotas
  • Centras
  • Dainava (Kaunas)
  • Eiguliai
  • Gričiupis
  • Panemunė
  • Petrašiūnai
  • Šančiai
  • Šilainiai
  • Vilijampolė
  • Žaliakalnis

Aleksotas is a neighbourhood in the southern section of the city of Kaunas, Lithuania, on the left bank of the Neman River (Lithuanian: Nemunas). ... Centras, (Downtown) is one of Kaunas elderates, and is based on two neighbourhoods of Kaunas - The Old City, and a New City. ... Dainava is a fairly new neighbourhood (built from 1963, initially as a microdistrict) located in the north of center of Kaunas, the second largest city of Lithuania. ... Eiguliai a residential microdistrict in Kaunas, on the left bank of Neris. ... Location Ethnographic region Samogitia County Tauragė County Municipality Pagėgiai municipality Coordinates General Information Population 324 in 2005 (103rd) Granted city rights 1837 Panemunė ( (help· info)) is a small town in Lithuania. ... Žaliakalnis is a neighbourhood in the second biggest city of Lithuania, Kaunas. ...

Neighborhoods

Main article: Neighborhoods of Kaunas

Neighborhoods of Kaunas, Lithuania Akademija Aleksotas Amaliai Armaniškiai Aukštieji Šančiai Aukštutiniai Kaniūkai Birutė Center Dainava Eiguliai - residential district built in soviet times Freda Garliava Giraitė Girčiupis Ireniškiai Jonučiai Kalniečiai - residential district built in soviet times Karkazai Kampiškiai Karkiškės...

Cityscape

Points of interest

Christ’s Resurrection Church
Christ’s Resurrection Church

Central Kaunas is defined by two pedestrian streets: the 2-km-long Laisvės alėja (Liberty Avenue), a central street of the city, lined by linden trees, and its continuation, Vilnius Street, leading to the oldest part of Kaunas. Some of the most prominent features in Kaunas include: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1704 KB) St. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1704 KB) St. ... The Garrison Church in Kaunas St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Prisikelimo_baznycia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Prisikelimo_baznycia. ... Christs Resurrection Church The main tower of Resurrection Church Christs Resurrection Church (Lithuanian: ) is a monumental Roman Catholic church in Kaunas, Lithuania. ... LaisvÄ—s AlÄ—ja (:Liberty Boulevard or Liberty Avenue) is a prominent pedestrian street in the city of Kaunas, Lithuania. ... Binomial name Tilia cordata Mill. ...

The round tower and the bastion of the Castle Kaunas Castle is located in Kaunas, Lithuania. ... Church of Vytautas the Great Vytautas the Great Church of the Accession of The Holy Virgin Mary (Lithuanian: ) is in Kaunas, Lithuania, and is one of the oldest churches in the city. ... Tower of Cathedral Basilica Kaunas Cathedral Basilica (Lithuanian: ) is a cathedral basilica in Kaunas, Lithuania. ... Interior of Cologne Cathedral Gothic architecture is a style of architecture, particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches, which flourished in Europe during the high and late medieval period. ... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens. ... Church and Monastery of Pažaislis, Kaunas Pažaislis monastery and church (Polish: ) form the largest monastery complex in Lithuania, and one of the most magnificent examples of Italian baroque architecture in Eastern Europe. ... Baroque architecture, starting in the early 17th century in Italy, took the humanist Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical, theatrical, sculptural fashion, expressing the triumph of absolutist church and state. ... The 11th-century monastery of Hosios Lukas in Greece is representative of the Byzantine art during the rule of Macedonian dynasty. ... The Garrison Church in Kaunas St. ... Christs Resurrection Church The main tower of Resurrection Church Christs Resurrection Church (Lithuanian: ) is a monumental Roman Catholic church in Kaunas, Lithuania. ... Kaunas Zoo is the only Zoo-park in Lithuania. ... Giraffes in Sydneys Taronga Zoo A zoological garden, zoological park, or zoo is a facility in which animals are confined within enclosures and displayed to the public, and in which they may also be bred. ... Fortress plan of the 19th century Kaunas Fortress is the remains of fortress in Kaunas, Lithuania. ... For other uses, see Holocaust (disambiguation) and Shoah (disambiguation). ... Located outside of the Lithuanian city of Kaunas, the Ninth Fort was used as a Nazi prison camp, and site of the killing of thousands of Jews. ... The Kaunas Botanical Garden was founded in 1923 in Kaunas, Lithuania, in conjunction with the University of Lithuania (later renamed Vytautas Magnus University) by the initiative of Tadas Ivanauskas and Konstantinas Regelis. ... Napoleons hill, actually Jiesia hill fort mound is in located in Kaunas, Lithuania, on the left brink of Nemunas, in between Panemunė and Čiurlionis bridges. ... House of Perkūnas House of Perkūnas in Kaunas is one of the most original and archaic Gothic secular buildings in Lithuania. ... The Town Hall of Kaunas The Town Hall of Kaunas (Lithuanian: ) stands in the middle of the Town Hall Square at the heart of the Old Town, Kaunas, Lithuania. ... An interbellum is a period between wars. ... The tower of the Helsinki Olympic Stadium (Y. Lindegren & T. Jäntti, built in 1934-38) Functionalism, in architecture, is the principle that architects should design a building based on the purpose of that building. ... Žaliakalnio Funicular Railway, Kaunas Žaliakalnis Funicular Railway is an electrically operated (by overhead power cable) funicular railway in Kaunas, Lithuania. ... Adam Mickiewicz. ...

Museums

Kaunas is often called a city of museums, because of the abundance and variety of them. The museums in Kaunas include:

  • the War Museum of Vytautas the Great;
  • the M. K. Čiurlionis State Art Museum, commemorating the work of the early 20th century avant-garde artist who sought to combine painting and music into a single artistic medium;
  • a gallery of works collected by Mykolas Žilinskas at the Kaunas Art Gallery;
  • the Žmuidzinavičius Museum (best known as the Devils' Museum), which houses a collection of more than two thousand sculptures and carvings of devils from all over the world, most of them of folk provenance. Of particular interest are the Hitler and Stalin devils, together doing the dance of death over a playground littered with human bones;
  • Aviation Museum;
  • Ceramics Museum in the Town Hall of Kaunas;
  • Communications History Museum;
  • Kaunas Picture Gallery, with a little exhibition about George Maciunas, founding member of the Fluxus-movement, born in Kaunas;
  • Lithuanian Sports Museum;
  • Medicine and Pharmacy Museum;
  • Historical Presidential Palace, displaying exhibits from the interwar period
  • Museum For The Blind;
  • Museum of Exiles & Political Prisoners;
  • Museum of Folk Music & Instruments;
  • Tadas Ivanauskas Zoological Museum.

Vytautas the Great War Museum Vytautas the Great War Museum (Lithuanian: ) is a museum in Kaunas, Lithuania. ... Mikalojus Konstantinas ÄŒiurlionis Kings Fairy Tale (1908-1909) Stillness (1904-1905) Mikalojus Konstantinas ÄŒiurlionis (September 22 [O.S. September 10]]] 1875 in VarÄ—na —April 10 [O.S. March 28] 1911 in Pustelnik near Warsaw) was a Lithuanian painter and composer. ... A work similar to Marcel Duchamps Fountain Avant garde (written avant-garde) is a French phrase, one of many French phrases used by English speakers. ... Figures of Hitler and Stalin in Devils Museum in Kaunas Žmuidzinavičius Museum in Kaunas, Lithuania, commonly known as the Devils Museum (Lithuanian: ), houses a collection of about three thousand sculptures and carvings of devils from all over the world, most of them of folk provenance. ... Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945, standard German pronunciation in the IPA) was the Führer (leader) of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) and of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. ... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვი&#4314... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 820 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 820 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Vytautas the Great War Museum Vytautas the Great War Museum (Lithuanian: ) is a museum in Kaunas, Lithuania. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 342 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 342 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Historical Presidential Palace in Kaunas The Historical Presidential Palace (Lithuanian: ) is a Neo-baroque building in Kaunas, Lithuania that served as the Presidential Palace during the interwar years. ... George Maciunas (November 8, 1931-May 9, 1978) was a Lithuanian-American artist. ... Fluxus – a name taken from a Latin word meaning to flow – is an international network of artists, composers and designers noted for blending different artistic media and disciplines in the 1960s. ... The Historical Presidential Palace in Kaunas The Historical Presidential Palace (Lithuanian: ) is a Neo-baroque building in Kaunas, Lithuania that served as the Presidential Palace during the interwar years. ... The Interwar period was the time between World War I and World War II, ergo the 1920s and 1930s. ... Tadas Ivanauskas (December 16, 1882 - June 1, 1971) was a famous Lithuanian zoologist and biologist, and one of the founders of Vytautas Magnus University. ... The Tadas Ivanauskas Zoological Museum The Tadas Ivanauskas Zoological Museum was established in Kaunas, Lithuania, in 1918, after Tadas Ivanauskas moved his collection of hunting trophies to Kaunas. ...

Theatres

The Kaunas State Drama Theatre is the biggest theatre in Kaunas, and one of the oldest functioning theatres in Lithuania. ...

Public art

A great deal of sculptuary is on display in the public areas of Kaunas.

Transportation

Public transport
Public transport

Kaunas has 16 trolleybus routes, 34 bus routes (Map), a wide shared taxi carrier network - see Kaunas Public Transport-, and it is also one of the major river ports in the Baltic States. The city is located in the centre of Lithuania, making it highly significant from a logistical point of view. Kaunas International Airport (KUN) is capable of handling 300,000 passengers and 100,000 tonnes of cargo per year. There is also the smaller S. Darius and S. Girėnas Airport south of town. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 318 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kaunas Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 318 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kaunas Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... A Polish Solaris trolleybus in Landskrona, Sweden. ... For other uses, see Bus (disambiguation). ... In many countries (especialy developing countries) the main system for public transport involves share taxis. ... The three Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. ... Look up Logistics in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Kaunas International Airport (IATA: KUN), or Kauno Oro Uostas, is located just outside the city of Kaunas, Lithuania in the suburb of KarmÄ—lava, 15 km northeast of the city centre. ... S. Darius and S. GirÄ—nas Airport, S. Dariaus (S. Gireno) Airport, Aleksotas Airport, (IATA: -, ICAO: EYKS) is a small airport located in Aleksotas, close to the European avenue, only 3 kilometres away from the city centre (Kaunas city (Lithuania). ...


Sports

Kaunas is home to the Žalgiris basketball club, one of Europe's strongest. The city is also the birthplace or childhood home of many of the country's top basketball stars, among them Arvydas Sabonis, Šarūnas Marčiulionis, Žydrūnas Ilgauskas, Linas Kleiza and Šarūnas Jasikevičius. The main stadium of the city is S.Dariaus ir S.Girėno Sporto Centras (total capacity 9,000), which is also the the Lithuanian soccer club FBK Kaunas's home stadium. BC Žalgiris is a basketball team based in Kaunas, Lithuania. ... Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of five active players each try to score points against one another by throwing a ball through a high hoop (the basket) under organized rules. ... Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of five active players each try to score points against one another by throwing a ball through a high hoop (the basket) under organized rules. ... Arvydas Romas Sabonis (born December 19, 1964 in Kaunas, Lithuanian SSR, Soviet Union (present Lithuania) is a retired Lithuanian professional basketball player. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... ŽydrÅ«nas Ilgauskas ( (help· info)) (born June 5, 1975 in Kaunas, Lithuanian SSR, Soviet Union) is a Lithuanian professional basketball player for the Cleveland Cavaliers. ... Linas Kleiza (pronounced LIN-as CLAY-za[1]); born January 3, 1985 in Kaunas, Lithuanian SSR, Soviet Union is a Lithuanian professional basketball player in the NBA for the Denver Nuggets. ... The title of this article contains the following characters: Å , Å« and č. Where they are unavailable or not desired, the name may be given as Sarunas Jasikevicius. ... S.Dariaus ir S.GirÄ—no Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Kaunas, Lithuania. ... Football is a ball game played between two teams of eleven players, each attempting to win by scoring more goals than their opponent. ... Kauno futbolo beisbolo klubas is a Lithuanian football club from the city of Kaunas, that currently plays in the A Lyga. ...


Education

Kaunas is often called a city of students; there are about 50,000 students enrolled in its universities. Representation of a university class, 1350s. ...

Main Information ISM University of Management and Economics is an institution of undergraduate, graduate and post-graduate education in Business, Management and Economics. ... Vytautas Magnus University (VMU) (Lithuanian Vytauto Didžiojo Universitetas (VDU)) is one of the biggest universities in Kaunas, Lithuania. ... Kaunas University of Medicine is a medical school in Kaunas, Lithuania. ... Kaunas University of Technology (Lithuanian: (KTU)) is the largest technical university in The Baltic States and the second largest university in Lithuania. ... Lithuanian University of Agriculture is a university in Lithuania. ... The Lithuanian Veterinary Academy, located in Kaunas, is a state-owned, autonomous institution of higher education, with university level status. ... The Grand Courtyard of Vilnius University and the Church of St. ...

Annual events

  • Kaziukas Fair Kaunas fork (beginning of March).
  • International open-air "Kaunas Jazz Festival" (April-May).
  • International dance competition "Amber Couple" (beginning of May).
  • Day of Kaunas city (middle of May).
  • International poetry festival "Spring of poetry" (end of May).
  • Pažaislis music festival (June-August).
  • Traditional folk music competition "Play, Jurgelis" (November).
  • Christmas tree lighting (end of November).
  • Kaunas Textile Art Biennial (next from November 2007 until March 2008)

Kaziuko mugė (English: , Polish: ) - is a biggest annual Lithuanian folk crafts fair dating back to the beginning of the 17th century, then held at the two main market places of Vilnius, Lithuania, as well as in the city streets. ... Kaunas Jazz is an annual international jazz festival in Kaunas, Lithuania. ... Competition is the act of striving against others for the purpose of achieving gain, such as income, pride, amusement, or dominance. ... A literary festival, also known as a book festival or writers festival, is a regular gathering of writers and readers, typically on an annual basis in a particular city, A literary festival usually features a variety of presentations and readings by authors, as well as other events, delivered over a... Church and Monastery of Pažaislis, Kaunas Pažaislis monastery and church (Polish: ) form the largest monastery complex in Lithuania, and one of the most magnificent examples of Italian baroque architecture in Eastern Europe. ... Folk music can have a number of different meanings, including: Traditional music: The original meaning of the term folk music was synonymous with the term Traditional music, also often including World Music and Roots music; the term Traditional music was given its more specific meaning to distinguish it from the... Competition is the act of striving against others for the purpose of achieving gain, such as income, pride, amusement, or dominance. ... A Christmas tree from 1900. ...

Notable residents

President Valdas Adamkus Valdas Adamkus (born Valdemaras Adamkevičius on November 3, 1926) is the current President of the Republic of Lithuania. ... Donatas Banionis (b. ... Aharon Barak (Hebrew: אהרן ברק) (born September 16, 1936) is a professor of law at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and President of the Supreme Court of Israel since 1995. ... Emma Goldman (June 27, 1869 – May 14, 1940) aka Red Emma, was a Lithuanian-born anarchist known for her writings and speeches. ... Juozas GruÅ¡as (November 16, 1901 in ŽadžiÅ«nai-KalniÅ¡kiai (near Å iauliai) - May 21, 1986 in Kaunas) was a Lithuanian writer, editor, dramatist and playwright. ... The title of this article contains the following characters: Å , Å« and č. Where they are unavailable or not desired, the name may be given as Sarunas Jasikevicius. ... Romas Kalanta (d. ... Linas Kleiza (pronounced LIN-as CLAY-za[1]); born January 3, 1985 in Kaunas, Lithuanian SSR, Soviet Union is a Lithuanian professional basketball player in the NBA for the Denver Nuggets. ... George Maciunas (November 8, 1931-May 9, 1978) was a Lithuanian-American artist. ... Hermann Minkowski. ... Oskar Minkowski (January 13, 1858, Aleksotas near Kaunas, Lithuania - July 18, 1931, Mecklenburg, Germany) was the famous doctor. ... Jonas VileiÅ¡is Jonas VileiÅ¡is – (January 3, 1872 – June 1, 1942) was a Lithuanian lawyer, politician, and diplomat. ... Arvydas Romas Sabonis (born December 19, 1964 in Kaunas, Lithuanian SSR, Soviet Union (present Lithuania) is a retired Lithuanian professional basketball player. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Abraham Mapu (1808–1867) is a Lithuanian novelist who wrote in the Hebrew language. ... ŽydrÅ«nas Ilgauskas ( (help· info)) (born June 5, 1975 in Kaunas, Lithuanian SSR, Soviet Union) is a Lithuanian professional basketball player for the Cleveland Cavaliers. ... Ludvic Lazarus (Ludwik Lejzer, Ludwik Łazarz) Zamenhof (December 15, 1859 – April 14, 1917) was a Polish eye doctor, philologist, and the virtual inventor of Esperanto, the most widely spoken and successful constructed languages designed for international communication among speakers of all languages. ... Adam Mickiewicz. ... Marija Gimbutas by Kerbstone 52, at the back of Newgrange, Co. ... Rector Mykolas Romeris (second from the left siting) of University of Lithuania MichaÅ‚ Pius Römer, later used the Lithuanian form Mykolas Römeris (1880 in BagdoniÅ¡kis-1945 in Vilnius) was a Lithuanian lawyer, scientist and politician. ... Tadas Ivanauskas (December 16, 1882 - June 1, 1971) was a famous Lithuanian zoologist and biologist, and one of the founders of Vytautas Magnus University. ... Antanas Baranauskas (in Polish Antoni Baranowski); 1835-1902) was a Lithuanian-Polish poet, mathematician and a bishop of Sejny. ... Maironis ( November 2, 1862 - June 28, 1932) is one of the most famous Lithuanian romantic poets. ... Mykolas Sleževičius (born February 21, 1882 in Drembliai near Raseiniai — died November 11, 1939 in Kaunas) was a Lithuanian lawyer, politician, journalist, interpreter, actor and director. ... Valdas Ivanauskas (born July 31, 1966 in Kaunas) is the current first team coach of Hearts football club and a former football striker from Lithuania. ...

Trivia

Angels Flight, Los Angeles, California with gantlet track configuration Duquesne Incline, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania with full length parallel tracks The Gütschbahn in Lucerne, Switzerland – from an 1893 guidebook A funicular, also called funicular railway, inclined railway, inclined plane, or, in the United Kingdom, a cliff railway, is a system of... A pedestrian street is a street where pedestrian traffic is given partial or total priority over all other kinds of traffic. ... LaisvÄ—s AlÄ—ja (:Liberty Boulevard or Liberty Avenue) is a prominent pedestrian street in the city of Kaunas, Lithuania. ... Sir Galahad, a hero of Arthurian legend In many myths and folk tales, a hero is a man or woman (the latter often called a heroine), traditionally the protagonist of a story, legend or saga, commonly possessed of abilities or character far greater than that of a typical person, which... Romas Kalanta (d. ... Thích Quảng Đức pictured during his self-immolation. ... Soviet redirects here. ... Look up Occupation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Emma Goldman (June 27, 1869 – May 14, 1940) aka Red Emma, was a Lithuanian-born anarchist known for her writings and speeches. ... Anarchism is a political philosophy or group of philosophies and attitudes which reject any form of compulsory government[1] and support its elimination,[2] often because of a wider rejection of involuntary authority. ... This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Israeli medal for his memory Chiune Sugihara (杉原千畝 Sugihara Chiune, January 1, 1900 – July 31, 1986) was a Japanese diplomat who saved Jews during the World War II when he was a Japanese consul to Lithuania. ... Hannibal The Cannibal Lecter, as portrayed by Anthony Hopkins in The Silence of the Lambs. ...

See also

Temporary capital (Lithuanian Laikinoji sostinÄ—) was the official designation of the city of Kaunas in Lithuania during the interwar period. ... The Kaunas Ghetto (also called the Kovno Ghetto) was a ghetto established by Nazi Germany to hold the Jews of the Lithuanian city of Kaunas during the Holocaust. ...

Footnotes and references

  1. ^ Zinkevičius, Zigmas (2007). Senosios Lietuvos valstybės vardynas. Vilnius: Mokslo ir enciklopedijų leidybos institutas, p.42. ISBN 5420016060. 
  2. ^ http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005174
  3. ^ http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005174
  4. ^ http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005174
  5. ^ http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005174
  6. ^ 2001 Census - Lithuanian Government Department of Statistics
  7. ^ Official website of the President of Lithuania

Professor Zigmas Zinkevičius Zigmas Zinkevičius (January 4, 1925 in Juodausiai, Ukmergė district) is the leading Lithuanian linguist-historian, and a professor at Vilnius University. ... The Science and Encyclopaedia Publishing Institute (Lithuanian: (MELI)) is a Lithuanian publishing house that issues encyclopedias, reference works, books, monographs, and dictionaries. ...

Notes

This article incorporates text from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, and has been released under the GFDL.

Interior of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Exterior of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum viewed from Raoul Wallenberg Place (15th St. ... GFDL redirects here. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Kaunas

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m