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Encyclopedia > Katherine Mansfield

Katherine Mansfield (14 October 18889 January 1923) was a prominent New Zealand modernist writer of short fiction. Image File history File links Katherine_Mansfield_NZ_postage_stamp. ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Biography

The pleasure of reading is doubled when one lives with another who shares the same books." — Katherine Mansfield

Mansfield was born Kathleen Mansfield Beauchamp into a socially prominent family in Wellington, New Zealand. The daughter of a banker and born to a middle-class colonial family, Mansfield had a lonely and alienated childhood. Her first published stories appeared in the High School Reporter and the Wellington Girls' High School magazine, in 1898 and 1899. She moved to London in 1902, where she attended Queen's College, London. A talented cellist, she was not at first attracted to literature, and after finishing her schooling in England, she returned to her New Zealand home in 1906. It was upon her return to New Zealand that Kathleen Beauchamp began writing short stories. Weary of the provincial New Zealand lifestyle, Beauchamp returned to London two years later in 1908. For other uses, see Wellington (disambiguation). ... Wellington Girls College was founded in 1883. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Queens College is an all-girls English public school located in Harley Street, London. ... Alternate meaning: Cello web browser A cropped image to show the relative size of a cello to a human (Uncropped Version) The cello (also violoncello or cello) is a stringed instrument and part of the violin family. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total 130... This article is in need of attention. ...


On her return to London in 1908, she quickly fell into the bohemian/bisexual way of life lived by many artists and writers of that era.[1] With little money, she met, married and left her first husband, George Bowden, all within just three weeks. Around this time, she became pregnant by a family friend from New Zealand (Garnet Trowell, a professional violinist) and her mother sent her to Bavaria.[2] Bohemians are inhabitants of Bohemia, in the Czech Republic. ... In human sexuality, bisexuality describes a man or woman having a sexual orientation to persons of either or both sexes (a man or woman who sexually likes both sexes; people who are sexually and/or romantically attracted to both males and females). ... A violinist is an instrumentalist who plays the violin. ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ...


Katherine suffered a miscarriage in 1909, possibly brought on by lifting her trunk off the top of a wardrobe. Back in England, her work drew the attention of several publishing houses, and Beauchamp took on the pen-name Katherine Mansfield upon the publication of her first collection of short stories, In a German Pension, in 1911. She also contracted gonorrhoea around this time, an event that was to plague her with arthritic pain for the rest of her short life, as well as to make her view herself as a 'soiled' woman. Miscarriage or spontaneous abortion is the natural or accidental termination of a pregnancy at a stage where the embryo or the fetus is incapable of surviving, generally defined at a gestation of prior to 20 weeks. ... Gonorrhoea (gonorrhea in American English) is among the most common sexually-transmitted diseases in the world and is caused by Penis penis Neisseria penis. ...


Discouraged by the volume's lack of success, Mansfield submitted a lightweight story to a new avant-garde magazine called Rhythm. The story was rejected by editor John Middleton Murry, who requested something darker. Mansfield responded with "The Woman at the Store," a tale of murder and mental illness that Murry called "the best story by far that had been sent to Rhythm." Mansfield moved in with Murry soon after its publication. John Middleton Murry (August 6, 1889 - 1957) was an English author and writer. ...


Her life and work were changed forever with the death of her brother, a soldier, during World War I. She was shocked and traumatised by the experience, so much so that her work began to take refuge in the nostalgic reminiscences of their childhood in New Zealand.[3] During these years, she also formed important professional friendships with writers such as D.H. Lawrence and Virginia Woolf who later claimed that her writing was 'The only writing I have ever been jealous of'. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... D. H. Lawrence David Herbert Lawrence (11 September 1885 - 2 March 1930) was one of the most important, certainly one of the most controversial, English writers of the 20th century, who wrote novels, short stories, poems, plays, essays, travel books, and letters. ... For the American childrens writer, see Virginia Euwer Wolff Virginia Woolf (née Stephen) (January 25, 1882 – March 28, 1941) was an English novelist and essayist regarded as one of the foremost modernist literary figures of the twentieth century. ...


Although she continued writing between her first and second collections ("Prelude", 1918), she rarely published her work, and sank into depression. Her health declined further after a near-fatal attack of pleurisy when she contracted tuberculosis in 1917. It was while combating the disease in health spas across Europe, suffering a serious hemorrhage in 1918, that Mansfield began writing the works she would become best known for. Clinical depression (also called major depressive disorder, or unipolar depression when compared to bipolar disorder) is a state of intense sadness, melancholia or despair that has advanced to the point of being disruptive to an individuals social functioning and/or activities of daily living. ... Pleurisy, also known as pleuritis, is an inflammation of the pleura, the lining of the pleural cavity surrounding the lungs, which can cause painful respiration and other symptoms. ... Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for tubercle bacillus) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by mycobacteria, mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ...


"Miss Brill," the bittersweet story of a fragile woman living an ephemeral life of observation and simple pleasures in Paris, established Mansfield as one of the preeminent writers of the Modernist period, upon its publication in 1920's Bliss. The title story from that collection, "Bliss," which involved a similar character facing her husband's infidelity, also found critical acclaim. She followed with the equally praised collection, The Garden Party, published in 1922. City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) The Eiffel Tower in Paris, as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... This article focuses on the cultural movement labeled modernism or the modern movement. See also: Modernism (Roman Catholicism) or Modernist Christianity; Modernismo for specific art movement(s) in Spain and Catalonia. ... Bliss is a modernist short story by Katherine Mansfield, first published in 1920. ...


Final years

Mansfield spent her last years seeking increasingly unorthodox cures for her tuberculosis. In February 1922, she consulted the Russian physician Ivan Manoukhin. His "revolutionary" treatment, which consisted of bombarding her spleen with x-rays, caused Mansfield to develop heat flashes and numbness in her legs. The spleen is an organ located the abdomen, where it functions in the destruction of old white blood cells and holding a reservoir of blood. ... In the NATO phonetic alphabet, X-ray represents the letter X. An X-ray picture (radiograph) taken by Röntgen An X-ray is a form of electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength approximately in the range of 5 pm to 10 nanometers (corresponding to frequencies in the range 30 PHz...


In October 1922, Mansfield moved to George Gurdjieff's Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man in Fontainebleau, France, where she was under the care of Olgivanna Lazovitch Hinzenburg (later, Mrs. Frank Lloyd Wright). While at Fontainebleau, Mansfield continued to write despite her failing health. After publishing an additional two volumes, one of poetry, and the other short stories, Mansfield suffered a fatal pulmonary hemorrhage in January 1923. She was buried in a cemetery in the Fontainebleau District in the town of Avon. Georges Ivanovich Gurdjieff (Георгий Иванович Гюрджиев, Georgiy Ivanovich Gyurdzhiev (or Gurdjiev); (January 13, 1866? – October 29, 1949), was a Greek-Armenian mystic, a teacher of sacred dances, and a spiritual teacher, most notable for introducing the Fourth Way. ... Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man was an esoteric spiritual school founded by G. I. Gurdjieff in 1922 also known as Le Prieuré for the name of the property that he purchased in Fontainebleau-Avon south of Paris in France. ... Location within France Fontainebleau is a commune in the metropolitan area of Paris, France. ... Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was one of the worlds most prominent and influential architects. ... Avon is a french commune located in the Seine-et-Marne département, in the ÃŽle-de-France région. ...


Mansfield proved to be a prolific writer in the final years of her life, and much of her prose and poetry remained unpublished at her death. Murry took on the task of editing and publishing her works.


His efforts resulted in two additional volumes of short stories in 1923 (The Dove's Nest) and in 1924 (Something Childish), as well as her Poems, The Aloe, a collection of critical writings (Novels and Novelists) and a number of editions of Mansfield's previously unpublished letters and journals.


Legacy

Katherine Mansfield is widely considered one of the best short story writers of her period. A number of her works, including "Miss Brill", "Prelude", "The Garden Party", "The Doll's House", and later works such as "The Fly", are frequently collected in short story anthologies. Mansfield also proved ahead of her time in her adoration of Russian playwright Anton Chekhov, and incorporated some of his themes and techniques into her writing. The fact that Mansfield died relatively young only added to her legacy. The Fly, a short story witten by Katherine Mansfield in February 1922, was later included in The Garden Party and Other Stories. ... A playwright, also known as a dramatist, is a person who writes dramatic literature or drama. ... Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (Russian: , IPA: ) was a Russian short story writer and playwright. ...


Mount Roskill Grammar School in Auckland, Rangiora High School in North Canterbury, Macleans College in Auckland, and Wellington Girls' College in Wellington have a house named after her. Mount Roskill Grammar is a secondary school in the suburb of Mount Roskill, Auckland. ... Schematic map of Auckland. ... Rangiora may refer to the following: Rangiora, an endemic New Zealand plant. ... Macleans College is a secondary school in Auckland, New Zealand. ... Schematic map of Auckland. ... Wellington Girls College was founded in 1883. ... For other uses, see Wellington (disambiguation). ... The House System is a traditional feature of British schools, similar to the collegiate system of a university. ...


Works

Collections

  • In a German Pension (1911), ISBN 1-86941-014-9
  • The Garden Party: and Other Stories (1922), ISBN 1-86941-016-5
  • The Doves' Nest: and Other Stories (1923), ISBN 1-86941-017-3
  • Bliss: and Other Stories (1923)
  • Poems (1923), ISBN 0-19-558199-7
  • Something Childish (1924), ISBN 1-86941-018-1, first published in the U.S. as The Little Girl
  • The Journal of Katherine Mansfield (1927, 1954), ISBN 0-88001-023-1
  • The Letters of Katherine Mansfield (2 vols., 1928-29)
  • The Aloe (1930), ISBN 0-86068-520-9
  • Novels and Novelists (1930), ISBN 0-403-02290-8
  • The Short Stories of Katherine Mansfield (1937)
  • The Scrapbook of Katherine Mansfield (1939)
  • The Collected Stories of Katherine Mansfield (1945, 1974), ISBN 0-14-118368-3
  • Letters to John Middleton Murry, 1913-1922 (1951), ISBN 0-86068-945-X
  • The Urewera Notebook (1978), ISBN 0-19-558034-6
  • The Critical Writings of Katherine Mansfield (1987), ISBN 0-312-17514-0
  • The Collected Letters of Katherine Mansfield (4 vols., 1984-96)
    • Vol. 1, 1903-17, ISBN 0-19-812613-1
    • Vol. 2, 1918-19, ISBN 0-19-812614-X
    • Vol. 3, 1919-20, ISBN 0-19-812615-8
    • Vol. 4, 1920-21, ISBN 0-19-818532-4
  • The Katherine Mansfield Notebooks (2 vols., 1997), ISBN 0-8166-4236-2

Short stories

  • "The Woman At The Store" (1912)
  • "How Pearl Button Was Kidnapped" (1912)
  • "Millie" (1913)
  • "Something Childish But Very Natural" (1914)
  • "The Little Governess" (1915)
  • "Pictures" (1917)
  • "Feuille d'Album" (1917)
  • "A Dill Pickle" (1917)
  • "Je ne parle pas français" (1917)
  • "Prelude" (1918)
  • "An Indiscreet Journey" (1920)
  • "Bliss" (1920)
  • "Miss Brill" (1920)
  • "Psychology" (1920)
  • "Sun and Moon" (1920)
  • "The Wind Blows" (1920)
  • "Mr Reginald Peacock's Day" (1920)
  • "Marriage à la Mode" (1921)
  • "The Voyage" (1921)
  • "Her First Ball" (1921)
  • "Mr and Mrs Dove" (1921)
  • "Life of Ma Parker" (1921)
  • "The Daughters of the Late Colonel" (1921)
  • "The Stranger" (1921)
  • "The Man Without a Temperament" (1921)
  • "At The Bay" (1922)
  • "The Fly" (1922)
  • "The Garden Party" (1922)
  • "A Cup of Tea" (1922)
  • "The Doll's House" (1922)
  • "A Married Man's Story" (1923)
  • "The Canary"" (1923)

The Woman At The Store is a 1912 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... How Pearl Button Was Kidnapped is a 1912 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... Millie is a 1913 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... Something Childish But Very Natural is a 1914 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... The Little Governess is a 1915 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... Pictures is a 1917 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... Feuille dAlbum is a 1917 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... A Dill Pickle is a 1917 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... Je ne parle pas français is a 1917 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... Prelude is a 1918 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... An Indiscreet Journey is a 1920 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... Bliss is a modernist short story by Katherine Mansfield, first published in 1920. ... Miss Brill is a 1920 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... Psychology is a 1920 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... Sun and Moon is a 1920 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... The Wind Blows is a 1920 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... Mr Reginald Peacocks Day is a 1920 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... Marriage à la Mode is a 1921 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... The Voyage is a 1921 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... Her First Ball is a 1921 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... Mr and Mrs Dove is a 1921 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... Life of Ma Parker is a 1921 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... The Daughters of the Late Colonel is a 1921 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... The Stranger is a 1921 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... The Man Without a Temperament is a 1920 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... At The Bay is a 1922 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... The Fly, a short story witten by Katherine Mansfield in February 1922, was later included in The Garden Party and Other Stories. ... The Garden Party is a 1922 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... A Cup of Tea is a 1922 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... The Dolls House is a 1922 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... A Married Mans Story is a 1923 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ... The Canary is a 1923 short story by Katherine Mansfield. ...

See also

New Zealand claims as its own many writers, even those immigrants born overseas or those emigrants who have gone into exile. ... Elizabeth von Arnim (August 31, 1866 - February 9, 1941) was a British novelist and, through marriage, a member of the German nobility. ... John Middleton Murry (August 6, 1889 - 1957) was an English author and writer. ...

External links


Project Gutenberg, abbreviated as PG, is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive, and distribute cultural works. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
The New Zealand Edge : Heroes : www.nzedge.com : Katherine Mansfield (4925 words)
Mansfield was born Kathleen Mansfield Beauchamp in Wellington in 1888.
Mansfield’s juvenilia are no more or less mawkish than the youthful work of any writer; what is occasionally noteworthy is the degree to which the future figure of the artist can be heard sounding her characteristic notes.
Mansfield was drawn to Lawrence—he was, after all, another outsider in the English literary world—but her journal also records her impatience with what she saw as Lawrence’s reductive view of human nature: ‘I shall never see sex in trees, sex, in the running brooks, sex in stones and sex in everything.
Katherine Mansfield - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (977 words)
Mansfield was born Kathleen Mansfield Beauchamp into a socially prominent family in Wellington, New Zealand, where her first published stories appeared in the High School Reporter and the Wellington Girls' High School magazine, in 1898 and 1899.
Mansfield proved to be a prolific writer in the final years of her life, and much of her prose and poetry remained unpublished at her death.
Katherine Mansfield is widely considered one of the best short story writers of her period.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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