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Encyclopedia > Katanga
State of Katanga
Flag of the Federation
The flag of Katanga during the period of independence
Location of Katanga in Congo
Capital Lubumbashi
Created June 1960
Dissolved January 1963
Demonym Katangan
Currency Katanga franc


Katanga is the southern province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, regional capital Lubumbashi (formerly Elizabethville). 518,000 km² with a population of around 4.1 million. Farming and ranching are carried out on the Katanga Plateau. In the eastern part of the province is an rich mining region, which supplies cobalt, copper, tin, radium, uranium, and diamonds. Flag of Katanga during its period of independence. ... Image File history File links locator map showing a province of the Democratic Republic of Congo File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... In politics a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... Lubumbashi (formerly Elisabethville) ranks as the second largest city in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (capital Kinshasa, formerly Zaire) and the hub of the southeastern part of the country. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... The Katanga Franc was used in the southern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo between 1960-1963. ... Lubumbashi (formerly Elisabethville) ranks as the second largest city in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (capital Kinshasa, formerly Zaire) and the hub of the southeastern part of the country. ... This article is on the chemical element. ... General Name, Symbol, Number copper, Cu, 29 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 4, d Appearance metallic brown Atomic mass 63. ... General Name, Symbol, Number tin, Sn, 50 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 14, 5, p Appearance silvery lustrous gray Atomic mass 118. ... General Name, Symbol, Number radium, Ra, 88 Chemical series alkaline earth metals Group, Period, Block 2, 7, s Appearance silvery white metallic Atomic mass (226) g/mol Electron configuration [Rn] 7s2 Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 8, 2 Physical properties Phase solid Density (near r. ... General Name, Symbol, Number uranium, U, 92 Chemical series actinides Group, Period, Block ?, 7, f Appearance silvery gray metallic Atomic mass 238. ... A scattering of round-brilliant cut diamonds shows off the many reflecting facets. ...


Beginning in the 17th century, the province was controlled by the Luba and Lunda. In the late 19th century, a trader from Tanzania called M'Siri founded a short-lived kingdom that lasted until he was killed by the Belgians in 1891. Under Belgian control from around 1884, the mineral resources were heavily exploited by Belgian firms (notably Union Minière du Haut Katanga) and the province was developed much more than the rest of the country. The Belgian mining cartel employed a mixture of contract mercenaries and hired guards in order to subdue the local population and to iensure the proper transport of minerals and other goods out of the country. The Baluba tribe often interfered with their mining operations in this province, and many were killed in raids on mining operations. (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Lunda, also known as Chilunda, is a Bantu language (of the larger Niger-Congo family) that is spoken in Zambia, Angola and, to a lesser extent, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1891 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1884 is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar). ... This article is about minerals in the geologic sense; for nutrient minerals see dietary mineral; for the band see Mineral (band). ... This article needs to be wikified. ...

A postage stamp issued in 1961; although Katanga was not a member of the UPU, its stamps were tolerated on international mail.
A postage stamp issued in 1961; although Katanga was not a member of the UPU, its stamps were tolerated on international mail.

Following the granting of independence to the Congo in June 1960 Katanga broke away from the new government of Patrice Lumumba in July and declared independence under Moise Tshombe. Lumumba was replaced in September 1960 in a coup d'état by Joseph Mobutu. In January 1962, Katanga created its own air force, which was commanded by Jan Zumbach. There were 10 Harvard T-6 bombers and two Vampire jets, almost all of which were destroyed by Swedish fighters in December 1962. Forces under the leadership of the UN conducted a two-year campaign to return Katanga to the Congo, culminating in the National Conciliation Plan in January 1963. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (500x784, 89 KB) Katanga 50c stamp of 1961, international fair issue, scanned by User:Stan Shebs File links The following pages link to this file: Katanga User:Stan Shebs/Gallery/Philately ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (500x784, 89 KB) Katanga 50c stamp of 1961, international fair issue, scanned by User:Stan Shebs File links The following pages link to this file: Katanga User:Stan Shebs/Gallery/Philately ... The Universal Postal Union (UPU) is a international organization that coordinates postal policies between member nations, and hence the world-wide postal system. ... 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Patrice Lumumba Patrice Emery Lumumba (July 2, 1925 - January, 1961) was an African nationalist leader and the first Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo when it declared its independence in June 1960. ... Moise Kapenda Tshombe (November 10, 1919 - June 29, 1969) was a Congolese politician. ... A coup détat (pronounced ), or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a smaller supposedly weaker body that just replaces the top power figures. ... Mobutu Sese Seko Nkuku wa za Banga (or Mobutu Sese Seko Koko Ngbendu Wa Za Banga; October 14, 1930 - September 7, 1997) was the President of Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo) from 1965 to 1997. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... An air force is a military organization that primarily operates in air-based war. ... Jan Zumbach. ... The T-6 was a single-engine advanced trainer aircraft designed by North American Aviation, used to train fighter pilots of the USAAF, US Navy, Royal Air Force and other air forces of the British Commonwealth during World War II. The T-6 is known by a variety of designations... A Royal Canadian Air Force deHavilland Vampire The de Havilland Vampire was the second jet engined aircraft commissioned by the Royal Air Force during WW II, although it never saw combat. ... December is the twelfth and last month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


In 1966 the central government nationalized the Union Minière du Haut Katanga, as Gécamines. In 1971 Katanga was renamed Shaba. Throughout the 1970s further insurrections were put down by the government with help from foreign nations. In 1978 for example, on 12 May, rebels occupied the city of Kolwezi, the mining centre of the province. Zaire asked the United States, France, and Belgium to restore order. This resulted in 700 African and 170 European victims. 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link goes to calendar) // Events January January 1 - In a coup, Colonel Jean-Bédel Bokassa ousts president David Dacko and takes over the Central African Republic. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... The 1970s in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1970 and 1979. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (133rd in leap years). ... Kolwezi is a city in the south of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, west of Likasi in the province of Shaba. ...


The province became Katanga again in 1997 after Mobutu Sésé Seko was exiled. 1997 (MCMXCVII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mobutu Sésé Seko in the 1960s sporting his trademark leopardskin toque and glasses. ...


External links

  • Meaning of flag


 
Political divisions of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Bandundu | Bas-Congo | Équateur | Kasai-Occidental | Kasai-Oriental | Katanga | Kinshasa | Maniema | Nord-Kivu | Orientale | Sud-Kivu

  Results from FactBites:
 
Katanga - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (450 words)
Katanga is the southern province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, regional capital Lubumbashi (formerly Elizabethville).
Following the granting of independence to the Congo in June 1960 Katanga broke away from the new government of Patrice Lumumba in July and declared independence under Moise Tshombe.
Forces under the leadership of the UN conducted a two-year campaign to return Katanga to the Congo, culminating in the National Conciliation Plan in January 1963.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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