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Encyclopedia > Kassel

Coordinates: 51°19′N, 9°30′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Kassel
Coat of arms of Kassel Location of Kassel in Germany

Country Germany
State Hessen
Administrative region Kassel
District urban district
Population 194,176 source (2005)
Area 106.77 km²
Population density 1,819 /km²
Elevation 133-615 m
Coordinates 51°19′ N 9°30′ E
Postal code 34117-34134
Area code 0561
Licence plate code KS
Mayor Bertram Hilgen (SPD)
Website kassel.de

Kassel [ˈkasl̩] (until 1926 officially Cassel) is a city situated along the Fulda River in northern Hessen, Germany, one of the two sources of the Weser river . It is the administrative seat of the Kassel administrative region (Regierungsbezirk) and of the district (Kreis) of the same name. The city has 194,464 inhabitants (2005) and covers an area of 106.77 square kilometres. Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Kassel. ... Image File history File links Kassel-Position. ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... Hesse is also the name of the German writer Hermann Hesse, as well as the German mathematician Otto Hesse. ... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... Kassel is one of the three Regierungsbezirke of Hesse, Germany, located in the north of the country. ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... This is a list of urban districts in Germany. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... The or meter (see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... See Cartesian coordinate system or Coordinates (elementary mathematics) for a more elementary introduction to this topic. ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits Postal codes in Germany, Postleitzahl (plural Postleitzahlen, abbreviated to PLZ), consist of five digits, which indicate the wider area (first two digits), and the postal district (last three digits). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... German car number plates (Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Social Democratic Party of Germany Spectral Power Density ... A website (alternatively, Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on a Web server, usually accessible via the Internet or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML, that is almost always accessible via HTTP, a... Komarivka (Ukrainian: ; also Kamarovka) is a village in the Odessa Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. ... Cassel is a town in the Nord France. ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Fulda is a river in Hesse, Germany. ... Hesse is also the name of the German writer Hermann Hesse, as well as the German mathematician Otto Hesse. ... Weser watershed The Weser is a river of north-western Germany. ... Kassel is one of the three Regierungsbezirke of Hesse, Germany, located in the north of the country. ... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... Kassel is a Kreis (district) in the north of Hesse, Germany. ... There are 439 German districts, administrative units in Germany. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

History

The city's name is derived from the ancient Castellum Cattorum, a castle of the Chatti, a German tribe that has lived in the area since Roman times. Chatten (Catti), a historic German tribe settled in the area of modern-day northern Hesse. ...


Kassel as such is first mentioned in 913 as the place where two deeds were signed by king Conrad I. The place was called Chasella and was a fortification at a bridge crossing the Fulda river. A deed from 1189 certifies that Kassel had city rights, but the date of their conveyance is not known. Events The Shiite Fatimid state in modern day Tunisia launches a failed military campaign against Egypt Births Deaths Eadwulf, Anglo-Saxon Earl of Bernicia who ruled the land north of the Tees Alexander III of Byzantium Categories: 913 ... A deed is a legal instrument used to grant a right. ... Conrad I (or Konrad), duke of Franconia, was king of the East Franconian Kingdom from 911 to 918, the first and only king of the Conradine (Franconian) dynasty. ... Events January 21 - Philip II of France and Richard I of England begin to assemble troops to wage the Third Crusade September 3- Richard I of England is crowned as king of England. ...

A map of Kassel in 1648.
A map of Kassel in 1648.

In 1567 the landgraviate of Hesse, until then centered in Marburg, was divided among four sons, with Hessen-Kassel becoming one of its successor states. Kassel was its capital and became a centre of Calvinist Protestantism in Germany. Strong fortifications were built to protect the Protestant stronghold against Catholic enemies. In 1685 Kassel became a refuge for 1700 Huguenots who found shelter in the newly established borough of Oberneustadt. Landgrave Charles, who was responsible for this humanitarian act, also ordered the construction of the Oktogon and of the Orangerie. In the late 18th century Hesse-Kassel became infamous for selling mercenaries (Hessians) to the British crown to help suppress the American Revolution and to finance the construction of palaces and the landgrave's opulent lifestyle. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1575x1293, 380 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kassel ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1575x1293, 380 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kassel ... Events The Duke of Alva arrives in the Netherlands with Spanish forces to suppress unrest there. ... Marburg is a city in Hesse, Germany, on the Lahn river. ... Hesse-Kassel (Hessen-Kassel) was a German principality that came into existence when the Landgraviate of Hesse was divided in 1568 upon the death of Landgrave Philip of Hesse, when his eldest son Wilhelm IV inherited the northern portion and established his capital in Kassel. ... In an unadorned church, the 17th century congregation stands to hear the sermon. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Protestantism encompasses the forms... Events February 6 - James Stuart, Duke of York becomes King James II of England and Ireland and King James VII of Scotland. ... In the 16th and 17th centuries, the name Huguenot was applied to a member of the Protestant Reformed Church of France, historically known as the French Calvinists. ... In mathematics, the Hessian matrix of a function of several real variables is the (symmetric) matrix of all second partial derivatives. ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen Colonies that...


In the early 19th century the Brothers Grimm lived in Kassel and collected and wrote most of their fairy tales. At this time (1803) the landgravate was elevated to a principality and its ruler to Prince-elector. Shortly after, it was annexed by Napoleon and, in 1807 became the capital of the short-lived Kingdom of Westphalia under Napoleon's brother Jérôme. The electorate was restored in 1813. For information about the other uses of the name, see Brothers Grimm (disambiguation). ... A fairy tale is a story, either told to children or as if told to children, concerning the adventures of mythical characters such as fairies, goblins, elves, trolls, giants, and others. ... The prince-electors or electoral princes of the Holy Roman Empire — German: Kurfürst (singular) Kurfürsten (plural) — were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire, having the function of electing the Emperors of Germany. ... Napoléon I, Emperor of the French (born Napoleone di Buonaparte, changed his name to Napoléon Bonaparte)[1] (15 August 1769; Ajaccio, Corsica – 5 May 1821; Saint Helena) was a general during the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from... Year 1807 (MDCCCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Kingdom of Westphalia is a historical state in present-day Germany that existed from 1807-1813. ... Jérôme Bonaparte Jérôme Bonaparte, King of Westphalia (November 15, 1784 - June 24, 1860) was the youngest brother of Napoleon, who made him King of Westphalia (1807-1813). ... Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ...

Orangerie.

Having sided with Austria in the Austro-Prussian War for supremacy in Germany, the principality was annexed by Prussia in 1866. The Prussian administration united Nassau, Frankfurt and Hesse-Kassel into the new Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau. Kassel ceased to be a princely residence, but soon developed into a major industrial centre as well as a major railway junction. Kassel The Orangerie palace Photographed by user Keichwa for German Wikipedia on 2003-12-18 Licence: GNU FDL File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Kassel The Orangerie palace Photographed by user Keichwa for German Wikipedia on 2003-12-18 Licence: GNU FDL File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Combatants Austria, Saxony, Bavaria, Baden, Württemberg, Hanover and some minor German States (formerly as the German Confederation) Prussia, Italy, and some minor German States Strength 600,000 Austrians and German allies 500,000 Prussians and German allies 300,000 Italians Casualties 20,000 dead or wounded 37,000 dead... Motto: Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Political structure Duchy, Kingdom, Republic Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I  - 1688–1701 Frederick III King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I  - 1888–1918 William II Prime Minister1,2... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... For other uses, see Nassau (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ... The Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau (German Hessen-Nassau) was created in 1868 as a consequence of the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 by combining the previously independent Electorate of Hesse (Hesse-Kassel), the Duchy of Nassau, the Free Imperial City of Frankfurt, areas gained from the Kingdom of Bavaria...


In 1870 after the Battle of Sedan, Napoleon III was sent as a prisoner to the castle of Wilhelmshöhe above the city. 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Combatants Prussia Bavaria France Commanders Wilhelm I Helmuth von Moltke Napoleon III Patrice MacMahon Auguste-Alexandre Ducrot Strength 200,000 774 cannon 120,000 564 cannon Casualties 2,320 dead 5,980 wounded 700 missing (9,000 total) 3,000 dead 14,000 wounded 21,000 captured 82,000 surrendered... Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (April 20, 1808 - January 9, 1873) was the son of King Louis Bonaparte and Queen Hortense de Beauharnais; both monarchs of the French puppet state, the Kingdom of Holland. ...


During World War II, a subcamp of Dachau concentration camp was located here. The inmates provided slave labour for Henschel.[1] During the night of October 22/23, 1943, 569 British bombers razed Kassel (see: Bombing of Kassel in World War II), destroying 90% of the city centre; some 10,000 people died in the raid and 150,000 were rendered homeless, in a firestorm comparable to the one in Hamburg in July 1943. The attack had been disguised by a feint attack on Frankfurt am Main that commenced five minutes before the raid on Kassel. By far most of the casualties were civilians or wounded soldiers recuperating in local hospitals, whereas Kassel's heavy weapons factories survived the attack generally undamaged. The attack included one of the most accurate target markings since the Hamburg firestorm raid. On the night of the Kassel firestorm raid RAF Bomber Command introduced Operation Corona to confuse the German nightfighters, making the raid a complete success -- so devastating that the regional Gauleiter, Karl Weinrich, was removed from his post soon after. He was replaced by Karl Gerland. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The main entrance just after the liberation Memorial at the camp, 1997. ... Slavery is any of a number of related conditions involving control of a person against his or her will, enforced by violence or other clear forms of coercion. ... Henschel & Son, during World War II, was the primary manufacturer of the Panzer VI. Henschel aircraft and missiles included: Henschel Hs 117 Schmetterling (Butterfly), surface-to-air missile (rocket-engined) Henschel Hs 121, fighter + trainer (prototype) Henschel Hs 123, ground-attack (biplane) Henschel Hs 124, heavy fighter + bomber (prototype) Henschel... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The city of Kassel in Germany was severely bombed during World War II and more than 10,000 civilians died during these raids. ... Location Coordinates Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE6 First Mayor Ole von Beust (CDU) Governing party CDU Votes in Bundesrat 3 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  755 km² (292 sq mi) Population 1,754,317 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 2,324 /km² (6,018... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Frankfurt am Main [ˈfraŋkfʊrt] is the largest city in the German state of Hessen and the fifth largest city of Germany. ... Bomber Command badge RAF Bomber Command was the organisation that controlled the RAFs bomber forces. ... The purpose of Operation Corona was to confuse the German nightfighters during the raids on German cities during WWII. It was first used during the attack on the German industrial center of Kassel on the night of October 22/23 1943 in which 90% of the city fell to ashes... A Gauleiter was the party leader of a regional branch of the NSDAP (more commonly known as the Nazi Party) or the head of a Gau or of a Reichsgau. ... Karl Weinrich (born 2 December 1887 in Molmeck; died 22 July 1973 in Hausen (Hesse)) was NSDAP Gauleiter of Kurhessen. ... Karl Gerland (born 14 July 1905 in Gottsbüren; died April 1945 at the Eastern Front) was Nazi Gauleiter of Kurhessen. ...


The US First Army captured Kassel on April 3, 1945. After the war, most of the ancient buildings were not restored, and large parts of the city centre were completely rebuilt in the style of the 1950s. A few historic buildings, however, such as the Museum Fridericianum (see below), were restored. The First United States Army is a Field Army of the United States Army. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ...


There is a frequently repeated legend among Kassel citizens alleging that the city was close to becoming the provisional capital of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1949. It is true that the interim parliament ("Parlamentarischer Rat") was at that time considering a new location for the capital, since Berlin was then a special administrative region controlled directly by the allies and surrounded by the Soviet zone of occupation. A number of cities were proposed to host the federal government, but Kassel was eliminated in the first round. Most of the members of the German constitutional assembly (as well as the U.S. Supreme Command) favoured Frankfurt am Main where the Hessian administration had already started the construction of a plenary assembly hall. In the end Bonn won after Chancellor Konrad Adenauer intervened emphatically for Bonn which was only fifteen kilometers away from his hometown. 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... The Parlamentarische Rat (parliamentary council) was a predecessor of the West German Bundestag. ... Location of Berlin within Germany / EU Coordinates Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE3 City subdivisions 12 boroughs Governing Mayor Klaus Wowereit (SPD) Governing parties SPD / Left. ... ... Frankfurt am Main [ˈfraŋkfʊrt] is the largest city in the German state of Hessen and the fifth largest city of Germany. ... Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany, located about 20 kilometres south of Cologne on the river Rhine in the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... For other uses, see Konrad Adenauer (disambiguation). ... Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany, located about 20 kilometres south of Cologne on the river Rhine in the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... A kilometer (Commonwealth spelling: kilometre), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1,000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ...


Twinning

Kassel is twinned with This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ...

Wilhelmshöher Allee.
Wilhelmshöher Allee.

Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Florence (Italian: ) is the capital city of the region of Tuscany, Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Ä°zmit (also known as Kocaeli; previously known as Ismid or Isnikmid) is a city in the northwestern part of Anatolia, Turkey. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Mulhouse (French: Mulhouse, pronounced ; Alsatian: Milhüsa; German: Mülhausen) is a town and commune in eastern France close to Swiss and German border. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Ramat Gan (רמת-גן) is a city in Israel, on the central coastal strip, just east of Tel Aviv, and part of the metropolis known as Gush Dan, in the Tel Aviv District. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... City Rovaniemi (1960) Administrative Province Province of Lapland Historical Province Lappland Area  - Total  - Land  - Water Ranked 5th (municipalities), and 1st (cities) 8,016 km² 7,601 km² 415 km² Population  - Total (01/2006)  - Density Ranked 13th 58,500 7. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... VästerÃ¥s [vÉ›stÉ™roːs] is a city in central Sweden, located on the shore of Lake Mälaren in the province Västmanland, some 100 km west of Stockholm. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Yaroslavl (Russian: ) is a city in Russia, the administrative center of Yaroslavl Oblast, located 250 km north-east of Moscow at . ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Location of Berlin within Germany / EU Coordinates Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE3 City subdivisions 12 boroughs Governing Mayor Klaus Wowereit (SPD) Governing parties SPD / Left. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Arnstadt is a town in Ilm-Kreis, Thuringia, Germany. ... The Free State of Thuringia (German: Freistaat Thüringen) is located in central Germany and is considered one of the smaller of Germanys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states), with an area of 16,200 km² and 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 270 KB) Kassel, panorama from the Herkules monument, from w, 2004-07-12 Source photographed by myself 2004-07-12 Photographer Keichwa Licence cc-by-sa Description In the middle you see the palace from where the Wilhelmshöher Allee... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 270 KB) Kassel, panorama from the Herkules monument, from w, 2004-07-12 Source photographed by myself 2004-07-12 Photographer Keichwa Licence cc-by-sa Description In the middle you see the palace from where the Wilhelmshöher Allee...

Sights

Due to the destruction of 1943, the city was almost completely rebuilt in the 1950s. Hence there are very few old buildings in the centre. The oldest monument is the "Druselturm". The "Brüderkirche" and the St. Martin Church are also in part of medieval origin, but the towers of St. Martin are from the 1950s.


What historic buildings have survived are mainly outside the center of town. Wilhelmshöhe Palace, above the city, was built in 1786 by landgrave Wilhelm IX of Hesse-Kassel. The palace now is a museum and houses a world-famous wall paper collection, an important collection of graeco-roman antiques and a fine gallery of paintings comprising the second largest collection of Rembrandts in Germany. It is surrounded by a beautiful park with many appealing sights. The Oktagon is a huge octagonal stone structure carrying a giant replica of Hercules "Farnese" (now at Museo Archeologico Nazionale in Naples, Italy). From its base down to Wilhelmshöhe Palace runs a long set of artificial cascades which delight visitors during the summer months. The Löwenburg ("Lions Castle") is a replica of a medieval castle, also built during the reign of Wilhelm IX. After the Franco-Prussian War of 1870/71 Napoléon III was imprisoned in Wilhelmshöhe. In 1918 Wilhelmshöhe became seat of the German Army Command (OHL): it was there that the military commanders Hindenburg and Ludendorff prepared the German capitulation. 1786 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (July 15, 1606 – October 4, 1669) is generally considered one of the greatest painters and printmakers in European art history and the most important in Dutch history. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Heracles. ... Combatants Second French Empire North German Confederation allied with south German states (later German Empire) Commanders Napoleon III Otto Von Bismarck, Helmuth von Moltke the Elder Strength 400,000 at the beginning of the war 1,200,000 Casualties 150,000 dead or wounded 284,000 captured 350,000 civilian... Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (April 20, 1808, Paris, France - January 9, 1873, Chislehurst, Kent, England) was a President of France, and later, Emperor of the French. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Hindenburg may refer to: Paul von Hindenburg (1847 – 1934), German general in World War I and president of Germany (1925 – 1934) Oskar von Hindenburg (1883 – 1960), son of the former Carl Hindenburg, mathematician Named after Paul von Hindenburg: Hindenburg in Oberschlesien, from 1915 to 1945 the name of the city... General Erich Ludendorff Erich Ludendorff (sometimes given incorrectly as Erich von Ludendorff) (April 9, 1865 – December 20, 1937, Tutzing, Bavaria, Germany) was a German Army officer, noted as a general during World War I. Ludendorff was born in Kruszewnia near Posen, Prussia (now PoznaÅ„, Poland). ...


Another large park is the Karlsaue along the Fulda River. Established in the 16th century, it is famous for the Orangerie, a palace built in 1710 as a summer residence for the landgraves. Today there is also a planetarium in the park. Categories: Stub ... // A planetarium is a theatre built primarily for presenting educational and entertaining shows about astronomy and the night sky, or for training in celestial navigation. ...


Kassel is scene of documenta, an important international exhibition of modern and contemporary art. Museums include: Wilhelmshöhe Palace (Antiquities Collection and Old Masters; wall paper museum), Museum für Sepulkralkultur (the only German Museum of the culture of funerals); Art Gallery (Albrecht Dürer, Rubens, Rembrandt, Frans Hals, Anthony van Dyck), New Gallery (Tischbein Family, Joseph Beuys). from documenta 6 documenta is one of the world‘s most important exhibitions of modern and contemporary art which now takes place every five years in Kassel, Germany. ... Art exhibitions are traditionally the space in which art objects (in the most general sense) meet an audience, a temporary presentation of art. ... Dejeuner sur lHerbe by Pablo Picasso At the Moulin Rouge: Two Women Waltzing by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, 1892 The Scream by Edvard Munch, 1893 I and the Village by Marc Chagall, 1911 Fountain by Marcel Duchamp, 1917 Campbells Soup Cans 1962 Synthetic polymer paint on thirty-two... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Albrecht Dürer (pronounced /al. ... Peter Paul Rubens (June 28, 1577 – May 30, 1640) was a prolific seventeenth-century Flemish and European painter, and a proponent of an exuberant Baroque style that emphasized movement, color, and sensuality. ... This article is about the Dutch painter. ... Frans Hals (c. ... Self Portrait With a Sunflower Sir Anthony (Anton) van Dyck (22 March 1599 – 9 December 1641) was a Flemish artist who became the leading court painter in England. ... Tischbein (German for table leg) is the name of: an artists family from Hesse, Germany, see Tischbein (family) Johann Heinrich Tischbein the Elder, a. ... This article or section needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ...

Tram.
Tram.
The Oktagon above the city.
The Oktagon above the city.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1020 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kassel Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1020 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kassel Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File links Kassel-habichtswald-herkules-v-no-mini. ... Image File history File links Kassel-habichtswald-herkules-v-no-mini. ...

Transportation

The city operates a tramway system; a Stadtbahn-like system with light rail vehicles running on both main line rail and tram tracks, called RegioTram, is currently being deployed. The city also operates buses, and was responsible for the development of the Kassel kerb which improves the alignment of modern low-floor buses with bus stops. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Stadtbahn signet as used in North Rhine-Westphalia Stadtbahn (literally in German: city railway) is a term for light rail systems in operation in Germany. ... A Go North East bus parked in a lay-by in Tyne and Wear, England. ... A Kassel kerb is a concave-section kerb stone which is intended for use at bus stops served by modern low floor buses. ... A typical bus stop in Singapore. ...


The city is connected to the DB network by two stations, Kassel Hauptbahnhof, the traditional central station that has been reduced to the function of a regional station since the opening of the Hanover-Würzburg high-speed rail line in 1991, and Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe, the station on said high-speed line where InterCityExpress and InterCity services call at. Germanys main train operator, the Deutsche Bahn AG (German Railway Corporation, also known as DB or DBAG) provides passenger and freight service via federally owned tracks. ... Wälsebachtalbrücke Bridge near Barnten The Hanover - Würzburg high-speed rail line was the first of several high-speed railway lines for InterCityExpress traffic that were built in Germany. ... Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe is a railway station in the city of Kassel, in the German state of Hesse. ... ICE 1 powerhead The InterCityExpress or ICE (German pronunciation: ) is a system of high-speed trains predominantly running in Germany and its neighbouring countries. ... A Romanian InterCity train, run by Romanian Railways, at Arad station in May 2003 InterCity is a name for the inter-city rail services in Europe. ...


Regarding autobahn services, Kassel is connected to the A 7, A 49 and A 44. It has been suggested that German Autobahns be merged into this article or section. ... Bundesautobahn 7 (translates from German as Federal Motorway 7, short form Autobahn 7, abbreviated as BAB 7 or A 7) is the longest German Autobahn at 935 km (581 mi) . It splits the country almost evenly from north to south. ... Bundesautobahn 49 (translates from German as Federal Motorway 49, short form Autobahn 49, abbreviated as BAB 49 or A 49) is an autobahn in central Germany, currently serving as a local collector for the city of Kassel. ... The Bundesautobahn 44 (BAB 40 or A 44) is a German Autobahn. ...


Miscellaneous

In 1558 the first German observatory was built in Kassel, followed in 1604 by the Ottoneum, the first permanent theater building, and in 1779 by Europe's first public museum, named the Museum Fridericianum after its founder. By the end of the 19th century the museum held one of the largest collections in the world of watches and clocks. Since 1955 the documenta, an international exhibition of modern and contemporary art, has been held regularly in Kassel. The documenta now takes place every 5 years and the next will be in mid-2007. As a result of the documenta 6 (1977), Kassel has become the first town worldwide, that was illuminated by LASER-beams at night (Laserscape, by artist Horst H. Baumann). Events January 7 - French troops led by Francis, Duke of Guise take Calais, the last continental possession of England July 13 - Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines. ... MolÄ—tai Astronomical Observatory An observatory is a location used for observing terrestrial and/or celestial events. ... Events January 14 – Hampton Court conference with James I of England, the Anglican bishops and representatives of Puritans September 20 – Capture of Ostend by Spanish forces under Ambrosio Spinola after a three year siege. ... For other usages see Theatre (disambiguation) Theater (American English) or Theatre (British English and widespread usage among theatre professionals in the US) is that branch of the performing arts concerned with acting out stories in front of an audience using combinations of speech, gesture, music, dance, sound and spectacle &#8212... 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... The Louvre Museum in Paris, one of the largest and most famous museums in the world. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Russian Poljot Siberia model finished movement viewed through crystal back For other uses, see Watch (disambiguation). ... The massive clock on the Clock Tower of the Palace of Westminster, London (commonly known as Big Ben). ... from documenta 6 documenta is one of the world‘s most important exhibitions of modern and contemporary art which now takes place every five years in Kassel, Germany. ...


Famous People

Famous inhabitants of Kassel include Jerome Bonaparte, brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, while he was king of Westphalia; the Brothers Grimm; F. W. Murnau, the movie director; Paul Reuter, founder of the Reuters news agency; Philipp Scheidemann, briefly Germany's Chancellor after World War I; and Louis Spohr, the 19th-century composer and violinist, who is commemorated by a museum in the city. Astrid and Thorwald Proll, members of the German terrorist group the Red Army Faction (also known as the Baader-Meinhof gang) active during the 1970s and 1980s, were born here in 1947 and 1941, respectively. Kassel is also the birthplace of Annika Mehlhorn, a German butterfly and medley swimmer who competed in the 2004 Summer Olympics. Helmut Hasse (1898 - 1979) did fundamental work in algebra and number theory. Jérôme Bonaparte (November 15, 1784 - June 24, 1860) was the youngest brother of Emperor Napoleon I of France. ... Bonaparte as general Napoleon Bonaparte ( 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution and was the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from November 11, 1799 to May 18, 1804, then as Emperor of the French (Empereur des... For information about the other uses of the name, see Brothers Grimm (disambiguation). ... F W Murnau Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau (December 28, 1888 - March 11, 1931) was one of the most influential directors of the silent film era. ... a statue of Paul Julius Reuter in the City of London. ... Philipp Scheidemann ( 26 July 1865– 29 November 1939) was a German Social Democratic politician, who was responsible for the proclamation of the Republic on 9 November 1918, and who became the first Chancellor of the Weimar Republic. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Self-portrait of Spohr as a young man. ... Mugshot of Astrid Proll Astrid Proll (born May 1947) was a German Terrorist and member of the Baader-Meinhof Gang. ... Red Army Fraction Insignia - a Red Star and a Heckler & Koch MP5 The Red Army Faction (also commonly known as the Baader-Meinhof Group [or Gang] in German: Rote Armee Fraktion or simply RAF), was one of postwar West Germanys most active and prominent militant left-wing groups. ... Annika Mehlhorn (born August 5, 1983 in Kassel, Hessen) is a butterfly and medley swimmer from Germany who competed at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece. ... The ceremony for the lighting of the flame is arranged as a pagan pageant, with priestesses dancing. ... Helmut Hasse (pronounced HAHS uh) (25 August 1898- 26 December 1979) was a German mathematician working in algebraic number theory, known for fundamental contributions to class field theory, the application of p-adic numbers to local classfield theory and diophantine geometry (Hasse principle), and to local zeta functions. ...


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Kassel City Panoramas - Panoramic views and Virtual Tours
  • Official website
  • Kassel travel guide from Wikitravel


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

Urban and rural districts in the
State of Hesse in Germany

Urban
districts
Image File history File links Flag_of_Hesse_(state). ... Hesse (German: Hessen) is a state of Germany with an area of 21,110 km² and just over six million inhabitants. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ...

Darmstadt | Frankfurt (Main) | Kassel | Offenbach | Wiesbaden Darmstadt is a city in the Bundesland (federal state) of Hessen in Germany. ... For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ... (river) main-bow Offenbach am Main is a city in Hessen, Germany, located on southside of the river Main. ... Wiesbaden is a city in central Germany. ...

Rural
districts

Bergstraße | Darmstadt-Dieburg | Fulda | Gießen | Groß-Gerau | Hersfeld-Rotenburg | Hochtaunuskreis | Kassel | Lahn-Dill-Kreis
Limburg-Weilburg | Main-Kinzig-Kreis | Main-Taunus-Kreis | Marburg-Biedenkopf | Odenwaldkreis | Offenbach
Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis | Schwalm-Eder-Kreis | Vogelsbergkreis | Waldeck-Frankenberg | Werra-Meißner-Kreis | Wetteraukreis Kreis Bergstraße (translated: mountain road) is a Kreis (district) in the south of Hesse, Germany. ... Darmstadt-Dieburg is a Kreis (district) in the south of Hesse, Germany. ... Fulda is a Kreis (district) in the north-east of Hesse, Germany. ... Gießen is a Kreis (district) in the middle of Hesse, Germany. ... Groß-Gerau is a Kreis (district) in the south of Hesse, Germany. ... Hersfeld-Rotenburg is a Kreis (district) in the east of Hesse, Germany. ... The Hochtaunuskreis is a Kreis (district) in the middle of Hesse, Germany. ... Kassel is a Kreis (district) in the north of Hesse, Germany. ... Lahn-Dill is a Kreis (district) in the west of Hesse, Germany. ... Limburg-Weilburg is a Kreis (district) in the west of Hesse, Germany. ... Main-Kinzig is a Kreis (district) in the east of Hesse, Germany. ... Main-Taunus is a Kreis (district) in the middle of Hesse, Germany. ... Marburg-Biedenkopf is a Kreis (district) in the west of Hesse, Germany. ... The Odenwaldkreis is a Kreis (district) in the south of Hesse, Germany. ... Offenbach is a Kreis (district) in the south of Hesse, Germany. ... Rheingau-Taunus is a Kreis (district) in the west of Hesse, Germany. ... Schwalm-Eder is a Kreis (district) in the north of Hesse, Germany. ... The Vogelsbergkreis is a Kreis (district) in the middle of Hesse, Germany. ... Waldeck-Frankenberg is a Kreis (district) in the north of Hesse, Germany. ... Werra-Meißner is a Kreis (district) in the north of Hesse, Germany. ... The Wetteraukreis is a Kreis (district) in the middle of Hesse, Germany. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Kassel - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1291 words)
Kassel [ˈkasl̩] (until 1926 officially Cassel) is a city situated along the Fulda River, one of the two sources of the Weser river, in northern Hessen in west-central Germany.
Kassel was its capital and became a centre of Calvinist Protestantism in Germany.
Kassel is scene of the Documenta, an important international exhibition of modern and contemporary art.
AllRefer.com - Kassel, Germany (German Political Geography) - Encyclopedia (251 words)
Kassel was mentioned in 913 and was chartered in 1198.
It became (1567) the capital of the landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel (raised to an electorate in 1803).
Kassel also was the capital of the kingdom of Westphalia (1807–13) under JErOme Bonaparte.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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