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Encyclopedia > Kashubian language
Kashubian (kaszëbsczi, pòmòrsczi)
Spoken in: Poland, Canada
Region: Pomerania, Ontario
Total speakers: 50 thousand
Ranking: not ranked
Genetic classification: Indo-European
 Balto-Slavic
  Slavic
   West Slavic
    Lechitic
     Kashubian
Official status
Official language of: in official use in some communes of Pomeranian Voivodship, Poland
Regulated by:
Language codes
ISO 639-1
ISO 639-2 csb
SIL csb
See also: LanguageList of languages

Kashubian or Cassubian (Kashubian: kaszëbsczi jãzëk, pòmòrsczi jãzëk, kaszëbskò-słowińskô mòwa) is one of the Lechitic languages, which are a group of Slavic languages. Pomerania (Polish: Pomorze, German: Pommern and Pommerellen, Pomeranian (Kashubian): Pòmòrze and Pòmòrskô, Latin: Pomerania, Pomorania) is a geographical and historical region in northern Poland and Germany on the south coasts of the Baltic Sea between and on both sides of the Vistula and Oder (Odra) rivers... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Loyal it began, loyal it remains) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Area 1,076,395 km² (4th)  - Land 917,741 km²  - Water 158,654 km² (14. ... This is a list of languages ordered by number of first-language speakers, with some data for second-language use. ... Current distribution of Human Language Families Most languages are known to belong to language families (families hereforth). ... The Indo-European languages include some 443 (SIL estimate) languages and dialects spoken by about three billion people, including most of the major language families of Europe and western Asia, which belong to a single superfamily. ... The Balto-Slavic language group is a hypothetical language group consisting of the Baltic and Slavic language subgroups of the Indo-European family. ... The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup of Indo-European languages, have speakers in most of Eastern Europe, in much of the Balkans, in parts of Central Europe, and in the northern part of Asia. ... This article or section should be merged with List of West Slavic languages The West Slavic languages is a subdivision of the Slavic language group (q. ... The Lechitic languages include three languages spoken in Central Europe, principally in Poland and historically also in eastern part of today Germany. ... The Pomeranian Voivodship (in Polish województwo pomorskie) is an administrative region or voivodship in northern Poland within the historic region of Eastern Pomerania. ... ISO 639 is one of several international standards that lists short codes for language names. ... SIL International is a non-profit, Christian, scientific organization with the main purpose to study, develop and document lesser-known languages for the purpose of expanding linguistic knowledge, promoting world literacy and aiding minority language development. ... This list of languages is alphabetical by English name. ... The Lechitic languages include three languages spoken in Central Europe, principally in Poland and historically also in eastern part of today Germany. ... The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup of Indo-European languages, have speakers in most of Eastern Europe, in much of the Balkans, in parts of Central Europe, and in the northern part of Asia. ...


It is assumed that it evolved from the language spoken by some tribes of Pomeranians called Kashubians, in the region of Pomerania on the southern coast of the Baltic Sea between the Vistula and Oder rivers. Pomeranians (Pomorzanie) are a group of Slavic tribes living in historical region of Pomerania along the shore of Baltic Sea between Oder and Vistula rivers. ... Kashubians (also Kassubians, or Cassubians, in Kashubian: Kaszëbi) are a Slavic ethnic group living in modern-day northwestern Poland. ... Pomerania (Polish: Pomorze, German: Pommern and Pommerellen, Pomeranian (Kashubian): Pòmòrze and Pòmòrskô, Latin: Pomerania, Pomorania) is a geographical and historical region in northern Poland and Germany on the south coasts of the Baltic Sea between and on both sides of the Vistula and Oder (Odra) rivers... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, bounded by the Scandinavian Peninsula, the mainlands of Northern Europe, Eastern Europe, Central Europe, and the Danish islands. ... Length 1,047 km Elevation of the source 1,106 m Average discharge  ? m³/s Area watershed 192,000 km² Origin  Barania Góra, Beskidy Mouth  GdaÅ„sk Bay, Baltic Sea Basin countries Poland, Ukraine, Belarus, Slovakia The Vistula (Polish: WisÅ‚a) is the longest river in Poland. ... The Odra or Oder River (Czech/Polish: Odra, German: Oder, Ancient Latin: Viadua, Viadrus, Medieval Latin: Odera, Oddera) is a river in Central Europe. ...


It is closely related to Slovincian, and both of them are Pomeranian language dialects. Many Polish linguists still call it a dialect of Polish. Slovincian is an extinct dialect of the Pomeranian language, spoken between the lakes Gardno and Lebsko in Pomerania. ... Pomeranian is a group of Lechitic dialects which were spoken in the Middle Ages on the territory of Pomerania, between the Odra and Vistula rivers. ...


In 2002 Census, 53,000 people in Poland declared that they mainly use Kashubian at home. Research shows that many Kashubian-speaking parents use Polish rather than Kashubian at home, because they believe that if they spoke Kashubian, their children would find it more difficult to learn Polish. 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Gallery

See also

Wikipedia
Kashubian language edition of Wikipedia

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kashubian in Poland (5897 words)
Regional or minority languages are languages which differ from the official language of the state where they are spoken and which are traditionally used within a given territory by nationals of that state forming a group numerically smaller than the rest of the state's population.
Kashubian (or "Cassubian", in Kashubian: kaszëbizna) is a West Slavic language spoken in northern Poland in the province of Pomerania (województwo pomorskie), mainly in the counties (powiaty) of Gdañsk/Gduñsk, Gdynia/ Gdiniô, Wejherowo/Wejrowò, Puck/Pùck, Lêbork/Lãbòrg, Bytów/Bëtowò, Kartuzy/Kartùze, Koœcierzyna/Kòscérzna and Chojnice/Chòjnice.
In 2002/2003, courses on Kashubian language and culture were organized in 3 centres (Gdañsk, Kartuzy and W adys awowo) and attended by 46 participants.
Minority languages in education in Poland — (1630 words)
Kashubian used to be spoken in Germany as well, but in that country the language died out over time.
Kashubian is often considered merely a dialectic variation of Polish, and until 1989 this also was the general view inlanguage politics.
The data on Kashubian in education is based on the regional dossier The Kashubian language in education in Poland (2004), written by Tomasz Wicherkiewicz and published by Mercator-Education.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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