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Encyclopedia > Kashmiri
Spoken in: India, Pakistan
Total speakers: 4.6 million
Genetic classification: Indo-European
   Northwestern zone
Language codes
ISO 639-1: ks
ISO 639-2: kas
ISO/DIS 639-3: — 
For other uses, see Kashmiri (disambiguation)

Kashmiri is a Dardic language spoken primarily in Kashmir, an Asian region now split between India, Pakistan and China. It has 4,611,000 speakers. Current distribution of Human Language Families Most languages are known to belong to language families. ... The Indo-European languages include some 443 (SIL estimate) languages and dialects, including most of the major language families of Europe, as well as many languages of Southwest and South Asia, which belong to a single superfamily. ... Indo-Iranian languages (also called Aryan languages) are the eastern-most group of the living Indo-European languages. ... The Indo-Aryan languages form a subgroup of the Indo-Iranian languages, thus belonging to the Indo-European family of languages. ... The Dardic languages form a subfamily of the Indo-Iranian languages. ... ISO 639-1 is the first part of the ISO 639 international-standard language-code family. ... ISO 639-2:1998 Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 2: Alpha-3 code Twenty-two of the languages have two three-letter codes: a code for bibliographic use (ISO 639-2/B) a code for terminological use (ISO 639-2/T). ... ISO 639-3 is in process of development as an international standard for language codes. ... The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is a system of phonetic notation devised by linguists to accurately and uniquely represent each of the wide variety of sounds (phones or phonemes) used in spoken human language. ... Phonetics (from the Greek word φωνή, phone = sound/voice) is the study of sounds (voice). ... Technical note: Due to technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ... Kashmiri can refer to: The Kashmiri people living in the Kashmir region of the Indian subcontinent. ... The Dardic languages form a subfamily of the Indo-Iranian languages. ... Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ...

It is an SVO language. It was originally written in the Sharada script, but now is written in Perso-Arabic script. The earliest literary composition in Kashmiri that has survived is the poetry of Lalleshvari, a 14th century mystic poet. In linguistic typology, subject-verb-object (SVO) is the sequence subject verb object in neutral expressions: Sam ate oranges. ... Kashmiri Shaivaite manuscript (17th or 18th century) The Sharada script is an abugida writing system of the Brahmic family of scripts, developed from ca. ... The Arabic alphabet is the script used for writing the Arabic language, which is the language of the Quran, the holy book of Islam. ... In literature of India, Lalleshvari or Lalleshwari is also known as Lalla, and was a poet of the Kashmir valley. ...

Kashmiri writing is one of the dying arts due to various political reasons and lack of formal education in the Kashmiri language. It is now mostly relevant in its spoken form, and the speakers of this language are also decreasing in number.

Kashmiri language has a rich heritage in forms of various poets and singers. It has been the language of numerous poets of the sufi era. The songs in Kashmiri language, also known as "kashur" to its native speakers, are called 'ge(gue-ss)wu(wo-lf)n' and the chorus songs are known as 'won(one)wu(wo-lf)n'.

External links

Kashmiri language edition of Wikipedia
  • Ethnologue entry for Kashmiri

  Results from FactBites:
Kashmir - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2000 words)
On 8 October 2005, Kashmir was struck by an earthquake with a magnitude between 7.6 and 7.8 on the Moment magnitude scale.
Kashmiris are known to enjoy their music in its various local forms and the dresses of both sexes are quite colorful.
Kashmiris are well adept at knitting and making shawls, silk carpets, rugs, kurtas and pottery.
  More results at FactBites »



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