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Encyclopedia > Kashan
Tabatabaei House, early 1800s, Kashan. A fine example of traditional Persian architecture.
Tabatabaei House, early 1800s, Kashan. A fine example of traditional Persian architecture.

Kashan is a city in the province of Isfahan, Iran. It had an estimated population of 272,359 in 2005 [1]. Tabatabaei House, Iran. ... Tabatabaei House, Iran. ... Events and Trends Beginning of the Napoleonic Wars (1803 - 1815). ... Iran consists of 30 provinces: Provinces are governed from a local center, mostly the largest local city. ... // Isfahan province has enjoyed the benefit of being capital of Persia for 200 years during the 17th and 18th centuries. ...


The etymology of the city name comes from the Persian word Kashi, which translates into the English word tile. Kashan is the first of the large oases along the Qom-Kerman road which runs along the edge of the central deserts of Iran. Its charm is thus mainly due to the contrast between the parched immensities of the deserts and the greenery of the well-tended oasis. Oasis in the Libyan part of the Sahara In geography, an oasis is an isolated area of vegetation in a desert, typically surrounding a spring or similar water source. ... Qom is famous for the shrine of Hazrat Masoumeh, first built in the late 8th century. ... External links Iran Chamber Societys page on Kerman Tourist information on Kerman Photos of historic sites in Kerman Categories: Iran geography stubs | Cities in Iran ... sharoze khan batan Desert view in Saudi Arabia. ...

Contents


History

Amin-o-Dowleh, head of the Persian Royal envoy to the court of Napoleon III. He financed the building of Timcheh Amin-o-dowleh.
Enlarge
Amin-o-Dowleh, head of the Persian Royal envoy to the court of Napoleon III. He financed the building of Timcheh Amin-o-dowleh.

Archeological discoveries in the Sialk Hillocks which lie 2.5 miles (4 km) west of Kashan reveal that this region was one of the primary centers of civilization in pre-historic ages. Hence Kashan dates back to the Elamite period of Iran. The Sialk ziggurat still stands today in the suburbs of Kashan after 7000 years. It was from Kashan where the three wise men of the Bible came from. Sketch of Amin o Dowleh, heading the Persian envoy, at the court of Napoleon III. Photo scanned by user Zereshk from copy of original document from Weidener Library, Harvard. ... Sketch of Amin o Dowleh, heading the Persian envoy, at the court of Napoleon III. Photo scanned by user Zereshk from copy of original document from Weidener Library, Harvard. ... Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... The 5500 year old skeletons and other unearthed artifacts here are preserved and off access to visitors. ... A mile is a unit of distance (or, in physics terminology, length) currently defined as 5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, or 63,360 inches. ... A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... The word civilization (or civilisation) has a variety of meanings related to human society. ... Prehistory (Greek words προ = before and ιστορία = history) is the period of human history prior to the advent of writing (which marks the beginning of recorded history). ... An Elamite Man in Persepolis The ancient Elamite Empire (تمدن عیلام in Persian) lay to the east of Sumer and Akkad, in what is now southwestern Iran. ... The 5500 year old skeletons and other unearthed artifacts here are preserved and off access to visitors. ... Dur-Untash, or Choqa zanbil, built in 13th century BC by Untash Napirisha, is one of the worlds best preserved ziggurats. ... The Bible (Hebrew תנ״ך tanakh, Greek η Βίβλος [hÄ“ biblos] ) (sometimes The Holy Bible, The Book, Good Book, Word of God, The Word Scripture), from Greek (τα) βίβλια, (ta) biblia, (the) books, is the classical name for the Hebrew Bible of Judaism or the combination of the Old Testament and New Testament of Christianity (The...

Teemcheh-e-Amin o Dowleh, Kashan Bazaar, Iran. 1800s. Persian architects used these structures to naturally decrease temperatures, regulate sunlight, and ventilate the interior spaces during the daytime.
Teemcheh-e-Amin o Dowleh, Kashan Bazaar, Iran. 1800s. Persian architects used these structures to naturally decrease temperatures, regulate sunlight, and ventilate the interior spaces during the daytime.

The artifacts uncovered at Sialk reside in the Louvre in Paris and the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art, and Iran's National Museum. Download high resolution version (400x603, 206 KB)A rendering of Timcheh Amin-o-Dowleh, Kashan Bazaar. ... Download high resolution version (400x603, 206 KB)A rendering of Timcheh Amin-o-Dowleh, Kashan Bazaar. ... The Grand Timcheh of Qoms Bazaar. ... The 5500 year old skeletons and other unearthed artifacts here are preserved and off access to visitors. ... The main courtyard of the Louvre. ... There is also the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), located in Manhattan. ... Entrance of the National Museum of Iran, the vault is built in the style of Persias Sassanid vaults The National Museum of Iran (in Persian: موزه ایران باستان Muze-ye Irân-e Bâstân) is an archeological and historical museum located in Tehran. ...


Sultan Malik Shah I of the Seljukian dynasty ordered the building of a fortress in the middle of Kashan in the 12th century. The fortress walls, called Ghal'eh Jalali still stand today in central Kashan. A sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic title, with several historical meanings. ... Jalal ad-Dawlah Malik Shah was the Seljuk sultan from 1072 to 1092. ... Seljuk (in Arabic Saljūq; in Turkish Selçuk; also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq) was the bey (chieftain) of a branch of Oghuz Turks known as the Seljuk Turks. ... // A dynasty is a succession of rulers who are members of the same family for generations. ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ...


Kashan was also a leisure vacation spot for Safavi Kings. Bagh-e Fin (Fin Garden), specifically, is one of the most famous gardens of Iran. This beautiful garden with its pool and orchards was designed for Shah Abbas I as a classical Persian vision of paradise. The original Safavid buildings have been substantially replaced and rebuilt by the Qajar dynasty although the layout of trees and marble basins is close to the original. The garden itself however, was first founded 7000 years ago alongside the Cheshmeh-ye-Soleiman. The garden is also notorious as the sight of the murder of Mirza Taghi Khan known as Amir Kabir, chancellor of Nasser-al-Din Shah, Iran's King in 1852. An example of Safavid architecture Safavi is an adjective, created for the name Safi. Translated to English, Safavi would correspond roughly to Safi-ish or Safidian Safavi is the correct Persian Language reference to Safi, the name of Sheikh Safi Al-Din Ardebili. ... Look up monarch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary A monarch (see sovereign) is a type of ruler or head of state. ... Fin Garden located in Kashan in Iran is one of the most beautifull historical gardens of the middle-east and the world. ... Shah Abbas I (شاه عباس اول) (January 27, 1571?-January 19, 1629?) was the most eminent ruler of the Safavid Dynasty. ... Persian literature is literature written in Persian. ... The Qajar dynasty was the ruling family of Persia from 1796 to 1925. ... Amir Kabir (امیرکبیر in Persian), also known as Mirza Taghi Khan Amir_Nezam (میرزا تقی‌خان امیرنظام), was the chancellor of Persia under Nasereddin Shah. ... Nasser-al-Din Shah Nasser-al-Din Shah Qajar (sometimes called Nassereddin) (1831 1896) was the Shah of Persia from September 13, 1848 until his death on May 1, 1896. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


The earthquake of 1778 leveled the city of Kashan and all the edifices of Shah Abbas Safavi, leaving 8000 casualties. But the city started afresh however, and has today become a focal tourist attrcation via the numerous large houses from the 18th and 19th centuries, illustrating the finest examples of Qajari aesthetics. 1778 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Shah is an Iranian term (Persian and Kurdish) for king, and has also been adopted in many other languages. ... House - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Qajar dynasty was the ruling family of Persia from 1796 to 1925. ...


Kashan today

Although extremely wealthy in terms of tourism potentials, the city remains largely undeveloped in this sector. However, hundreds of foreign tourists from all over the world visit this historical city every year. Qamsar and Abyaneh are notable towns around Kashan, attract tourists year around. An incredible man made cave and a historical fire place in the town of Niasar, near Kashan, are also notable although not known for tourists. Qamsar is a city in the Isfahan province of Iran near the city of Kashan. ... Abyaneh is a world-famous, historic Iranian village in the central province of Kashan. ...


Nevertheless Kashan is internationally famous for manufacturing carpets, silk and other textiles. Kashan today houses most of Iran's mechanized carpet-weaving factories, and has an active marble and copper mining industry. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Rug making. ... Silk weaver Silk is a natural protein fiber that can be woven into textiles. ... This article is about the type of fabric. ...


Kashan is connected via freeways to Isfahan, Natanz, and Qom, only over an hour's drive away to the north. Kashan and suburbs have a population of 400,000. Isfahan or Esfahān can refer to either a city or a province in Iran (Persia): Isfahan (city) Isfahan (province) Isfahan (rugs) Isfahan is the name of a song by the Jazzist Duke Ellington Ispahan a kind of rose and an older pronunciation of the citys name. ... Categories: Wikipedia cleanup | Iran geography stubs | Cities in Iran ... Qom is famous for the shrine of Hazrat Masoumeh, first built in the late 8th century. ...


Colleges and universities

  1. Kashan University of Medical Sciences
  2. University of Kashan

Kashan's architectural heritage

Among Kashan's architectural masterpieces are: This article is about the built environment. ...

  1. Agha Bozorg Mosque.
  2. Boroujerdi ha Residence.
  3. Tabatabaie Residence
  4. Ameri-Ha (Amerian) House
  5. Abbasian House
  6. Sharifian House
  7. Al-e-Yaseen House
  8. Sultan Amir Shrine
  9. Sultan Amir Bath
  10. 40 Dokhtaran Fortress
  11. Abu-Lu'lu'ah Shrine (the assassin of Islam's second Caliph)
  12. Fin Garden
  13. Sialk Ziggurat
  14. Ghal'eh jalali
  15. Kashan Bazaar
  16. Timcheh Amin-o-dowleh (seen in sketch on this page)

View of the mosque and its sunken courtyard. ... View facing south and main dome of talar. ... View of main courtyard of the House. ... A sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic title, with several historical meanings. ... The introduction of this article does not provide enough context for readers unfamiliar with the subject. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( (help· info)), submission (to the will of God)) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions, and the worlds second-largest religion. ... Caliph is the term or title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ... Fin Garden located in Kashan in Iran is one of the most beautifull historical gardens of the middle-east and the world. ... The 5500 year old skeletons and other unearthed artifacts here are preserved and off access to visitors. ... Exquisite light wells such as this can often be seen in various sections in the Kashan Bazaar. ...

Famous Kashanis

Abbasian House, late 1700s, is another example of Kashani residential architecture. It has 8 courtyards.
Abbasian House, late 1700s, is another example of Kashani residential architecture. It has 8 courtyards.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x713, 668 KB) Summary Abasian House,Kashan,Iran Photo By Babak Gholizadeh,2004, --Babakgh 12:22, 18 September 2005 (UTC) Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x713, 668 KB) Summary Abasian House,Kashan,Iran Photo By Babak Gholizadeh,2004, --Babakgh 12:22, 18 September 2005 (UTC) Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Kashani, dubbed, the Second Ptolemy, was an outstanding Persian mathematician of the middle ages. ... Tomb of Kamal-ol-Molk in Neishabur, Iran. ... Rendering of Timcheh Amin-al-dowleh, built by Ustad Ali Maryam. ... Sohrab Sepehri Sohrab Sepehri (سهراب سپهری in Persian) was a popular modern Iranian poet and painter. ...

Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Umeå (IPA: ˘ʉməoː – (help· info)) is a city in upper Norrland in northern Sweden. ...

See also

Naghsh-i Jahan Square, Isfahan, is the second largest square in the world and arguably the gem of Persian architectural masterpieces. ... The 5500 year old skeletons and other unearthed artifacts here are preserved and off access to visitors. ...

External links

  • About Kashan
  • "Humble Earth": Kashani residential architecture (if link does not work, refresh)

  Results from FactBites:
 
SalamIran - Province of Kashan (2480 words)
Kashan is also of interest for its connections with Shah Abbas I – it was a favourite town of his, and he beautified it and asked to be buried here in the mausoleum of a 13th century ancestor.
Kashan flourished mainly during the Seljuk and Safavid periods of the post-Islamic history of Iran.
Although Kashan was in a state of decay during the early Qajar times, the village Fin and its beautiful Garden were nevertheless one of the favorite resorts of Fath Ali Shah; in fact he was as fond of the place as any of Safavid predecessors had been.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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