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Encyclopedia > Kartli

Kartli is the largest and most populated province of Eastern Georgia. It includes the Georgian capital, Tbilisi, and two other major cities, Gori and Rustavi. It is bordered by the mountain-range of the Greater Caucasus to the north, by the province of Kakheti to the east, by Azerbaijan and Armenia to the south, by Turkey and the Samtskhe-Javakheti region to the south-west and by the province of Imereti to the west. Tbilisi downtown View of Tiflis from the Grounds of Saint David Church, ca. ... Gori is an industrial city in the Kartli province of Georgia. ... Rustavi is a city in the southeast of Georgia, in the province of Kartli, situated 16 miles (25 km) southeast of the capital Tbilisi on the Kura river. ... Categories: Caucasus geography stubs | Georgia (country) ... Categories: Caucasus geography stubs | Georgia (country) ... Imereti is a historic province in Western Georgia, situated along the middle and upper reaches of the Rioni river. ...


In the 3rd century BC the ancient Eastern Georgian Kingdom of Kartli, also known as Iberia, was established here. Its king declared Christianity as the official religion of Kartli in 337 AD. In the early Middle Ages, Kartli lost its political importance because of the struggle between the King and strong feudal rulers, as well as the aggression of the strong Persian Kingdom. Even so, in a way, it remained Georgia's leader because of the independence of its Church and culture from Byzantine influence. Kartli was part of the united Georgian Kingdom in the central Middle Ages. (Georgia was united at the beginning of the 11th century, but Tbilisi, Kartli's main city, was not liberated until 1122. Immediately afterwards, the Georgian capital moved from Kutaisi to Tbilisi.) After the disintegration of the united Kingdom in the 15th century, Kartli became an independent Kingdom, which suffered from frequent Persian invasions. In 1762, the Kingdom of Kartli was united with the neighboring Kingdom of Kakheti. This Kingdom too was soon weakened by the Persian aggression. In 1801 the Kingdom of Kartl-Kakheti was annexed to the Russian Empire. Kartli was part of the independent Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1918-1921, of the Transcaucasian Federative Soviet Socialist Republic in 1922-1936 (whose capital was Tbilisi, the province's and Georgia's main city), and of the Georgian SSR in 1936-1991. (4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - other centuries) (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD) Events The first two Punic Wars between Carthage and Rome over dominance in western Mediterranean Rome conquers Spain Great Wall of China begun Indian traders regularly visited Arabia Scythians occupy... Iberia can mean: The Iberian peninsula of southwest Europe; That part of it once inhabited by the Iberians, who spoke the Iberian language. ... Christianity is an Abrahamic religion based on the life, teachings, death by crucifixion, and resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth as described in the New Testament. ... Events February 6 - Julius is elected pope. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Feudalism comes from the Late Latin word feudum, itself borrowed from a Germanic root *fehu, a commonly used term in the Middle Ages which means fief, or land held under certain obligations by feodati. ... Persian art is conscious of a great past, and monumental in many respects. ... The Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... The recorded history of Georgia dates back more than 4,000 years and the Georgian language is one of the oldest living languages in the world. ... (10th century - 11th century - 12th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Events Resolution of Investiture Controversy in the Concordat of Worms Pierre Abélard writes Sic et Non Births Eleanor of Aquitaine at Belin (near Bordeaux) Deaths Ralph dEscures, archbishop of Canterbury Margrave Ottokar II of Styria Categories: 1122 ... Kutaisi (ancient names: Aea/Aia, Kutatisi) is Georgias second city in Imereti province of Western Georgia, 221 km to the west of Tbilisi, with a population of about 230,000(1989). ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... 1762 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1801 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Kingdom of Kartl-Kakheti was created in 1762 by unification of two Eastern Georgian kingdoms, which existed independently since the disintegration of Georgian Kingdom in the 15th century. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of Russian history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start... Meeting of the National Council (May 26, 1918) The Democratic Republic of Georgia (DRG, 1918_1921) was the first Republic of Georgia, established after the collapse of the Russian Tsarist empire in the Russian Revolution of 1917. ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1921 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Transcaucasian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic was a short-lived (1922-1936) Soviet republic, consisting of Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan, which were traditionally known as the Transcaucasian Republics in the Soviet Union. ... 1922 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1936 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... State motto: პროლეტარ ყველა ქვეყნისა, შეერთდით! Official language Georgian since 1978 (Georgia was the only Soviet republic to have an official language) Capital Tbilisi Chairman of the Supreme Council Zviad Gamsakhurdia (at independence) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 10th in former Soviet Union 69,700 km2 -- Population  - Total (1989)  - Density Ranked... 1936 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Since the disintegration of the USSR in 1991, Kartli is part of the independent Republic of Georgia, while Tbilisi, Kartli's main city, is the nation's capital. Besides Tbilisi, the province of Kartli is divided into three administrative regions: Kvemo Kartli (Capital of which is Rustavi), Mtskheta-Mtianeti (With Mtskheta as its capital) and Shida Kartli (Capital of which is Gori). The last region officially includes the historical district of Samachablo, the majority of whose population is Ossetian since the 18th century* and which had the status of autonomous district within Georgian SSR during the Soviet period (1922-1991). Since the Georgian-Ossetian civil war in 1991-1992, this district, which is known as South Ossetia, is de facto an independent state, though no nation officially recognizes its sovereignty. Rustavi is a city in the southeast of Georgia, in the province of Kartli, situated 16 miles (25 km) southeast of the capital Tbilisi on the Kura river. ... Mtskheta is one of oldest cities of the republic of Georgia (in Kartli province of Eastern Georgia), near Tbilisi. ... Shida Kartli is a region of Eastern Georgia. ... Gori is an industrial city in the Kartli province of Georgia. ... Map of Ossetia Ossetia is a region in the northern Caucasus Mountains, inhabited by the Ossetians. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... 1992 is a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Republic of South Ossetia (in Russian Respublika Yuzhnaya Osetiya, Республика Южная Осетия; in Ossetian Respublikae Xussar Iryston, Республикæ Хуссар Ирыстон) is a de facto independent republic within Georgia. ...


*During the 16th-18th centuries, the Ossetians, who were forced to flee their land in the fields of the Northern Caucasus, migrated southwards to the northern slopes of the Greater Caucasus mountain range. Some of them crossed the mountains to the Southern Caucasus and thus settled in the mountainous region of Kartli (historical district of Samachablo). Southern Federal District (Northern Caucasus) is one of the seven federal districts of Russia. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
History (2491 words)
Georgian historical source "Kartlis Tskhovreba" (“The life-story of Kartli”, written in mid centuries), ascribes creation of Georgian alphabet to Parnavaz I, in the III c.
Erismtavars (in Georgian means the head of nation) of Kartli - Guaram, Adarnase, Stefanoz I and Stefanoz II built many churches and fortresses in the country, inc. the famous Jvari (cross) church in Mtskheta.
In the second half of the 18th century Kartli and Kakheti kingdoms strengthened and united in one kingdom, but Imereti kingdom weakened and lost control over the principalities of Abkhazeti, Megrelia (Samegrelo) and Guria (The suzerainty of Imerety was partially restored in the middle of 18th century).
Kartli - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (499 words)
Kartli was part of the united Georgian Kingdom in the central Middle Ages.
In 1762, the Kingdom of Kartli was united with the neighboring Kingdom of Kakheti.
Kartli was part of the independent Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1918-1921, of the Transcaucasian Federative Soviet Socialist Republic in 1922-1936 (whose capital was Tbilisi, the province's and Georgia's main city), and of the Georgian SSR in 1936-1991.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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