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Encyclopedia > Karol Szymanowski
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Karol Szymanowski
Karol Szymanowski

Karol Maciej Korwin-Szymanowski (October 6, 1882March 28, 1937) was a Polish composer and pianist. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ... Image File history File links ポーランドの作曲家カロル・シマノフスキーポーランド語版ウィキペディアからのPD画像 Karol Szymanowski, a Polish composer; from Polish Wikipedia File links The following pages link to this file: Karol Szymanowski ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... A pianist is a person who plays the piano. ...

Contents

Biography

Szymanowski (Korwin/Ślepowron coat of arms) was born to a wealthy land-owning family of the Polish gentry in Tymoszówka, then in the Russian Empire, now in present-day Ukraine. He studied music privately with his father before going to Gustav Neuhaus' Elizavetgrad School of Music from 1892. From 1901 he attended the State Conservatory in Warsaw, of which he was later director from 1926 until retiring in 1930. Musical opportunities in Russian-occupied Poland being quite limited at the time, he travelled widely throughout Europe, North Africa, the Middle East, and the USA. These travels, especially those to the Mediterranean area, provided much inspiration to the composer and esthete. Åšlepowron is a Polish Coat of Arms. ... Anthem Hymn of the Russian Federation Capital (and largest city) Moscow Official languages Russian official throughout nation; thirty others co-official in various regions Government Semi-presidential federal republic  -  President Vladimir Putin  -  Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov Formation  -  Declared June 12, 1990   -  Finalized December 25, 1991  Area  -  Total 17,075,400... // Music is an art form consisting of sound and silence expressed through time. ... Motto: Contemnit procellas (It defies the storms) Semper invicta (Always invincible) Coordinates: , Country  Poland Voivodeship Masovia Powiat city county Gmina Warszawa Districts 18 boroughs City Rights turn of the 13th century Government  - Mayor Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz (PO) Area  - City 516. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... esthete A noun 1 esthete, aesthete one who professes great sensitivity to the beauty of art and nature Category: ...

Coat of arms of Ślepowron / other name Korwin
Coat of arms of Ślepowron / other name Korwin

The fruits of these trips included not only musical works, but poetry and his novel on Pederasty Efebos, parts of which were subsequently lost in a fire in 1939. It was translated by him into Russian and given as a gift in 1919 to Boris Kochno. Szymanowski also wrote a number of love poems, in French, to the 15 year old boy. Among these are Ganymède, Baedecker, N'importe, and Vagabond. ImageMetadata File history File links Herb_Slepowron. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Herb_Slepowron. ... Åšlepowron is a Polish Coat of Arms. ... Å‚ Korwin - is a Polish Coat of Arms. ... A novel (from French nouvelle Italian novella, new) is an extended, generally fictional narrative, typically in prose. ... Efebos is a lost novel written by Karol Szymanowski, who is best known as a composer. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Boris Kochno Boris Kochno (January 3, 1904, Moscow — December 8, 1990, Paris) was a Russian poet, dancer and librettist. ...


Writing about his novel, Szymanowski said, "In it I expressed much, perhaps all that I have to say on this matter, which is for me very important and very beautiful." It remains available in a German translation, Das Gastmahl. Ein Kapitel aus dem verlorenen Roman Ephebos, Berlin, 1993; [The Symposium; A chapter from the lost novel Ephebos.] He died in a sanatorium in Lausanne, Switzerland from tuberculosis. Symposium originally referred to a drinking party (the Greek verb sympotein means to drink together) but has since come to refer to any academic conference, whether or not drinking takes place. ... Sanatório Heliantia A sanatorium refers to a medical facility for long-term illness, typically cholera or tuberculosis. ... Lausanne (pronounced ) is a city in the French-speaking part of Switzerland, situated on the shores of Lake Geneva (French: Lac Léman), and facing Évian-les-Bains (France) and with the Jura mountains to its north. ... Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for tubercle bacillus) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by mycobacteria, mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ...


Appraisal

Szymanowski was influenced by the music of Richard Wagner, Richard Strauss, Max Reger, Alexander Scriabin and the impressionism of Claude Debussy, and Maurice Ravel. He also drew much influence from his countryman Frédéric Chopin and Polish folk music. Like Chopin he wrote a number of mazurkas for piano. He was specifically influenced by folk music from the Polish Highlands [Górale], which he discovered in Zakopane, in the southern Tatra highlands, even writing in an article entitled About Górale Music: "My discovery of the essential beauty of Górale (Polish Highlander) music, dance and architecture is a very personal one; much of this beauty I have absorbed into my innermost soul." (p.97) According to Jim Samson (1977, p.200), it is "played on two fiddles and a string bass," and, "has uniquely 'exotic' characteristics, highly dissonant and with fascinating heterophonic effects." Carefully digesting all these elements, eventually Szymanowski developped a highly individual rhapsodic style and a unique harmonic world of his own. He was one of the most original of Twentieth Century composers Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as they were later called). ... This article is about the German composer of tone-poems and operas. ... Johann Baptist Joseph Maximilian Reger (March 19, 1873 – May 11, 1916) was a German composer, organist, pianist and teacher. ... Alexander Nikolayevich Scriabin Alexander Nikolayevich Scriabin (Russian: Александр Николаевич Скрябин, Aleksandr Nikolajevič Skriabin; sometimes transliterated as Skryabin or Scriabine (6 January 1872 [O.S. 26 December 1871]—27 April 1915) was a Russian composer and pianist. ... Claude Debussy, photo by Félix Nadar, 1908. ... Maurice Ravel. ... The only known photograph of Frédéric Chopin, believed to have been taken by Louis-Auguste Bisson in 1849. ... The mazurka (Polish: mazurek, named after Polands Masuria district[1]) is a Polish folk dance in triple metre with a lively tempo, containing a heavy accent on the third or second beat. ... Zakopane - view from Gubałówka Hill over Zakopane (Tatra mountains in background) Zakopane - Gubałówka Hill Funicular entrance Zakopane - Gubałówka Hill Funicular Zakopane - Gubałówka Hill ski run Zakopane - Gubałówka Hill a nursery ski run Zakopane (pronounce: [zakopanε]) is a town in southern Poland with approximately 28... Tatras Panorama of Tatras The Tatra mountains, Tatras or Tatra (Tatry in both Slovak) and Polish, constitute a mountain range which forms a natural border between Slovakia and Poland. ...

Szymanowski's house in Zakopane, the Villa Atma (now the Karol Szymanowski Museum)
Szymanowski's house in Zakopane, the Villa Atma (now the Karol Szymanowski Museum)

Image File history File links en: Karol Szymanowskis house in Zakopane pl: Atma Karola Szymanowskiego w Zakopanem Picture taken by User:Jadwiga File links The following pages link to this file: Karol Szymanowski ... Image File history File links en: Karol Szymanowskis house in Zakopane pl: Atma Karola Szymanowskiego w Zakopanem Picture taken by User:Jadwiga File links The following pages link to this file: Karol Szymanowski ... The Villa Atma The Villa Atma (in Polish Willa Atma) in Zakopane, Poland, is a chalet housing the Karol Szymanowski Museum, a department of the National Museum in Cracow. ...

Works

Among Szymanowski's better known orchestral works are four symphonies (No. 3, Song of the Night with choir and vocal soloists and No. 4, Symphonie Concertante, with piano concertante) and two dream-like violin concertos. His stage works include the ballets Harnasie and Mandragora and the operas Hagith and Król Roger ('King Roger'.) He wrote much piano music, including the four Etudes, Op. 4 (of which No. 3 may be his single most popular piece), many mazurkas and the exquisite and highly individual Métopes. Other works include the Three Myths for violin and piano, two masterful string quartets, a sonata for violin and piano, a number of orchestral songs (some to texts by Hafiz and James Joyce) and his Stabat Mater, an acknowledged choral masterpiece. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A violin concerto is a concerto for solo violin (occasionally, two or more violins) and instrumental ensemble, customarily orchestra. ... Ballet as musical form is a musical composition intended for ballet performance. ... Harnasie is a ballet-pantomime written by the polish composer Karol Szymanowski (op. ... Species Mandragora autumnalis Mandragora officinarum Mandragora turcomanica Mandragora caulescens Mandrake is the common name for members of the plant genus Mandragora belonging to the nightshades family (Solanaceae). ... The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, Italy. ... Hagith is an opera in one act by Karol Szymanowski. ... King Roger (Król Roger in Polish) is an opera by the Polish composer Karol Szymanowski set to a libretto by JarosÅ‚aw Iwaszkiewicz. ... An etude (from the French word étude meaning study) is a short musical composition designed to provide practice in a particular technical skill in the performance of a solo instrument. ... A song is a relatively short musical composition. ... Hafiz or Hafez (Arabic: حافظ), literally meaning guardian, is a term used by Muslims for people who have completely memorized the Quran. ... James Augustine Aloysius Joyce (Irish Séamus Seoighe; 2 February 1882 – 13 January 1941) was an Irish expatriate writer, widely considered to be one of the most influential writers of the 20th century. ... Stabat Mater written by Karol Szymanowski in 1926 is arranged for soprano, alto, baritone, a mixed choir, and orchestra. ...


According to Samson (p.131), "Szymanowski adopted no thorough-going alternatives to tonal organization...the harmonic tensions and relaxations and the melodic phraseology have clear origins in tonal procedure, but...an underpinning tonal framework has been almost or completely dissolved away."


Sources

  • Hubert Kennedy (1994). Karol Szymanowski, his Boy-love Novel, and the Boy he Loved. In Paidika 3.3 Amsterdam
  • Boguslaw Maciejewski and Felix Aprahamian, eds. (). Karol Szymanowski and Jan Smeterlin: Correspondence and Essays. London.
  • Jim Samson (1977). Music in Transition: A Study of Tonal Expansion and Atonality, 1900–1920. New York: W.W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-02193-9.

See also

Categories: | ... Walt Whitman and Bill Duckett. ... Young Poland (Polish Młoda Polska) is a modernist period in Polish art, literature and music, covering roughly the years between 1890 and 1918. ...

External links

  • Szymanowski page at the Polish Music Center
  • szymanowski.info - biography, list of works, discography, Villa Atma, links
  • culture.pl - composer profile
  • Free Public Domain Score by Szymanowski at IMSLP

  Results from FactBites:
 
Karol Szymanowski - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (502 words)
Karol Maciej Szymanowski (October 6, 1882 - March 28, 1937) was a Polish-Swedish composer and pianist.
Szymanowski was influenced by the music of Richard Strauss, Max Reger, Alexander Scriabin and the impressionism of Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel.
Karol Szymanowski and Jan Smeterlin: Correspondence and Essays.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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