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Encyclopedia > Karnataka
  ?Karnataka
India
Coordinates: 12°58′13″N 77°33′37″E / 12.970214, 77.56029
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area 191,791 km² (74,051 sq mi)[1]
Capital Bangalore
Largest city Bangalore
District(s) 29
Population
Density
52,850,562[2] (9th)
• 275.6 /km² (714 /sq mi)
Language(s) Kannada
Governor Rameshwar Thakur
Chief Minister B. S. Yeddyurappa till 2007-11-19
Now under President's rule.
Established 1956-11-01
Legislature (seats) Bicameral (224 + 75)
ISO abbreviation IN-KA
Website: http://karunadu.gov.in/
Seal of Karnataka

Coordinates: 12°58′13″N 77°33′37″E / 12.970214, 77.56029 Karnataka (Kannada: ಕನಾ೯ಟಕ, pronounced [kəɾˈnɑːʈəkɑː] ) is a state in the southern part of India. It was created on November 1, 1956, with the passing of the States Reorganisation Act. Originally known as the State of Mysore, it was renamed Karnataka in 1973. Karnataka live in concert. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links India_Karnataka_locator_map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here surface areas between 100,000 km² and 1,000,000 km². ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... The divisions of a district. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... As a large and linguistically diverse country, India does not have a single official language. ... “Kannada” redirects here. ... Governors of Karnataka See Also Karnataka Governors of India Links Categories: India-related stubs | Karnataka | Indian politicians | Office-holders | Government of India ... Governor Rameshwar Thakur, born in Thakur Gangti village in Godda district of Jharkhand took charge in November 2004. ... Chief Ministers of Karnataka See Also Karnataka Chief Ministers of India Links Categories: India-related stubs | Karnataka | Indian politicians | Office-holders | Government of India ... B. S. Yeddyurappa (Bookanakere Siddalingappa Yeddyurappa) (Kannada: ) is the former chief minister of Karnataka state of India. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Presidents rule is enabled by article 356 of the constitution of India. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Government of India (Hindi: भारत सरकार [1]Bhārat Sarkār), officially referred to as the Union Government, and commonly as Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of a federal union of 28 states and 7 union territories, collectively called the Republic of... In government, bicameralism is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... ISO 3166-2 for India (ISO 3166-1 : IN) The purpose of this family of standards is to establish a worldwide series of short abbreviations for places, for use on package labels, containers and such. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... “Kannada” redirects here. ... Image File history File links Karnataka. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... During the period of British rule, the Indian state of Karnataka as it stands today did not exist. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Kingdom of Mysore was one of the three largest princely states within the erstwhile British Empire of India. ...


Karnataka is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west, Goa to the northwest, Maharashtra to the north, Andhra Pradesh to the east, Tamil Nadu to the southeast, and Kerala to the southwest. The state covers an area of 191,791 km² (74,051 sq mi) or 5.83% of the total geographical area of India. It is the eighth largest Indian state by area, the ninth largest by population and comprises 29 districts. Kannada is the official and most widely spoken language. The Arabian Sea (Arabic: بحر العرب; transliterated: Bahr al-Arab) is a region of the Indian Ocean bounded on the east by India, on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by Arabian Peninsula, on the south, approximately, by a line between Cape Guardafui, the north-east point of Somalia... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Andhra redirects here. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... Indian States See also: States and territories of India Categories: States and territories of India ... Indian States Notes Note 1: — Excludes Mao-Maram, Paomata and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati district of Manipur See also: States and territories of India References Census of India, final 2001 results Category: ... The divisions of a district. ... “Kannada” redirects here. ...


Though several etymologies have been suggested for the name Karnataka, the generally accepted one is that Karnataka is derived from the Kannada words karu and nādu, meaning elevated land. Karu nadu may also be read as Karu (black) and nadu (region), as a reference to the black cotton soil found in the Bayaluseeme region of Karnataka. The British used the word Carnatic (sometimes Karnatak) to describe both sides of peninsular India, south of the Krishna River.[3] Karnataka is an Indian state. ... Vertisol profile In both the FAO and USA soil taxonomy, a vertisol is a soil in which there is a high content of expansive clay known as montmorillonite that forms deep cracks in drier seasons or years. ... Bayaluseeme is the area lying to the east of Malnad, a region of Karnataka state in South India, or east of the western ghats. ... Krishna in Vijayawada in 2007 The River Krishna (meaning dark (feminine) in Sanskrit, also called the Krishnaveni, is one of the longest rivers of India (about 1300 km in length). ...


With an antiquity that dates to the paleolithic, Karnataka has also been home to some of the most powerful empires of ancient India. The philosophers and musical bards patronised by these empires launched socio-religious and literary movements which have endured to the present day. Karnataka has contributed significantly to both forms of Indian classical music, the Carnatic(Karnataka Music) and Hindustani traditions. Writers in the Kannada language have received the most number of Jnanpith awards in India. Bangalore is the capital city of the state and is at the forefront of the rapid economic and technological development that India is experiencing. // The Paleolithic is a prehistoric era distinguished by the development of stone tools. ... Kadamba tower at Doddagaddavalli The political history of medieval Karnataka spans the 4th to the 16th centuries, when the empires that evolved in the Karnataka region of India made a lasting impact on the subcontinent. ... Carnatic music, also known as is one of the two styles of Indian classical music, the other being Hindustani music. ... Hindustani (हिन्‍दुस्‍थानी) classical music is an Indian classical music tradition originating in the North of the Indian subcontinent circa the 13th and 14th centuries CE. Developing a strong and diverse tradition over several centuries, it has contemporary traditions established primarily in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. ... Jnanpith Award (pronounced Gyanpeeth Award) is the highest literary honour presented by the Government of India. ... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ...

Contents

History

Hoysala Empire sculptural articulation in Belur
Hoysala Empire sculptural articulation in Belur

The history of Karnataka can be traced back to a paleolithic hand-axe culture evidenced by discoveries of, among other things, hand axes and cleavers in the region. Evidence of neolithic and megalithic cultures have also been found in the state. Gold discovered in Harappa was found to be imported from mines in Karnataka, prompting scholars to hypothesize about contacts between ancient Karnataka and the Indus Valley Civilization in 3000 BCE.[4][5] Prior to the third century BCE, most of Karnataka was part of the Nanda Empire before coming under the Mauryan empire of Emperor Ashoka. Four centuries of Satavahana rule followed, allowing them to control large areas of Karnataka. The decline of Satavahana power led to the rise of the earliest native kingdoms, the Kadambas and the Western Gangas, marking the region's emergence as an independent political entity. The Kadamba Dynasty, founded by Mayurasharma, had its capital at Banavasi;[6][7] the Western Ganga Dynasty was formed with Talakad as its capital.[8][9] Hoysala Empire architecture in Belur The recorded history of Karnataka goes back more than two millenia. ... Kadamba tower at Doddagaddavalli The political history of medieval Karnataka spans the 4th to the 16th centuries, when the empires that evolved in the Karnataka region of India made a lasting impact on the subcontinent. ... Karnataka is an Indian state. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 569 KB) Vishnu tearing an elephant - Chennakesava temple, Belur. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 569 KB) Vishnu tearing an elephant - Chennakesava temple, Belur. ... Extent of Hoysala Empire, 1200 CE Capital Belur, Halebidu Language(s) Kannada Religion Hindu Government Monarchy King  - 1026 – 1047 Nripa Kama II  - 1292 – 1343 Veera Ballala III History  - Earliest Hoysala records 950  - Established 1026  - Disestablished 1343 The Hoysala Empire (Kannada: ಹೊಯ್ಸಳ ಸಾಮ್ರಾಜ್ಯ) (pronunciation: in Kannada) was a prominent South Indian empire that... Belur (Kannada:ಬೇಲೂರು) was the early capital of the Hoysala Empire. ... // The Paleolithic is a prehistoric era distinguished by the development of stone tools. ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... Megalithic tomb, Mane Braz, Brittany A megalith is a large stone which has been used to construct a structure or monument either alone or with other stones. ... Location of Harappa in the Indus Valley. ... Excavated ruins of Mohenjo-daro. ... Extent of the Nanda Empire. ... The Mauryan empire (321 to 185 BCE), at its largest extent around 230 BCE. The Lion Capital of Asoka, erected around 250 BCE. It is the emblem of India. ... Allegiance: Magadhan Empire Rank: Emperor Succeeded by: Dasaratha Maurya Reign: 273 BC-232 BC Place of birth: Pataliputra, India Battles/Wars Kalinga War Emperor Ashoka the Great (Devanagari: अशोक(:); IAST transliteration: , pronunciation: ) (304 BC–232 BC) (Imperial Title:Devanampiya Piyadassi ie He who is the beloved of the Gods who, in... Approximate extent of the Satavahana Empire, circa 150 CE. The Sātavāhanas, also known as the Andhras, were a dynasty which ruled in Southern and Central India starting from around 230 BCE. Although there is some controversy about when the dynasty came to an end, the most liberal estimates... Kadambas was an ancient royal dynasty of Karnataka, who ruled from their capital of Banavasi from (345-525AD) later branched into Goa, Hanagal and Chandavar. ... Core Western Ganga Territory Capital Kolar, Talakad Language(s) Kannada, Sanskrit Religion Jain, Hindu Government Monarchy King  - 350 – 370 Konganivarman Madhava  - 986 – 999 Rachamalla V History  - Earliest Ganga records 400  - Established 350  - Disestablished 1000 The Western Ganga Dynasty (350 – 1000 CE) (Kannada:ಪಶ್ಚಿಮ ಗಂಗ ಸಂಸ್ಥಾನ) was an important ruling dynasty of ancient Karnataka...  Extent of Kadamba Empire, 500 CE Capital Banavasi Language(s) Sanskrit, Kannada Religion Hindu Government Monarchy King  - 345 - 365 Mayurasharma Krishna Varma II History  - Earliest Kadamba records 450  - Established 345  - Disestablished 525 Kadamba Dynasty (Kannada:ಕದಂಬರು) (345 - 525 CE) was an ancient royal dynasty of Karnataka that ruled from Banavasi in... Mayurasharma (Mayuravarma) 345 - 365CE. was the founder of the Kadamba dynasty. ... Banavasi ಬನವಾಸಿ is an ancient temple town on the border of Uttara Kannada District and Shimoga district in the south Indian state of Karnataka. ... The Gangas of Talakad, like the Kadambas of Banavasi, rose to political eminence in the middle of the fourth century A.D., and ruled over the southern parts of Karnataka, in southern India. ... Talakad is a scenic and spiritual center located in Mysore district, near T. Narasipura. ...

Statue of Ugranarasimha at Hampi, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Statue of Ugranarasimha at Hampi, a UNESCO World Heritage Site

These were also the first kingdoms to use Kannada in administration, as evidenced by the Halmidi inscription and a fifth-century copper coin discovered at Banavasi.[10][11] These dynasties were followed by imperial Kannada empires such as the Badami Chalukyas,[12][13] the Rashtrakuta Empire of Manyakheta[14][15] and the Western Chalukya Empire,[16][17] which ruled over large parts of the Deccan and had their capitals in what is now Karnataka. The Western Chalukyas patronised a unique style of architecture and Kannada literature which became a precursor to the Hoysala art of 12th century.[18][19] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 486 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1536 × 1895 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 486 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1536 × 1895 pixel, file size: 1. ... Hampi (Kannada: ಹಂಪೆ, Hampe in Kannada) is a village in northern Karnataka state, India. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... “Kannada” redirects here. ... The Halmidi inscription is so far the oldest known Kannada inscription in the Kannada script. ... Virupaksha temple, Pattadakal, built 740 Badami Chalukya Territories in the reign of Pulakesi II, 640 The Chalukya dynasty (Kannada: ಚಾಲುಕ್ಯರು IPA: ) was an Indian royal dynasty that ruled large parts of southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th centuries. ... Jain cave in Ellora The Rastrakutas (Sanskrit:राष्ट्रकूट, Kannada: ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಕೂಟ) were a dynasty which ruled the southern and the central parts or the Deccan, India during the 8th - 10th century. ... Extent of Western Chalukya Empire, 1121 CE Capital Manyakheta, Basavakalyan Language(s) Kannada Religion Hindu Government Monarchy King  - 957 – 997 Tailapa II  - 1184 – 1189 Somesvara IV History  - Earliest records 957  - Established 973  - Disestablished 1189 The Western Chalukya Empire (Kannada:ಪಶ್ಚಿಮ ಚಾಲುಕ್ಯ ಸಾಮ್ರಾಜ್ಯ) ruled most of the western deccan, South India, between the 10th... The Deccan Plateau is a vast plateau in India, encompassing most of Central and Southern India. ... Dodda Basappa Temple at Dambal, a unique 24 pointed, uninterrupted stellate (star shaped), 7 tiered dravida plan, 12th c. ... In the history of Kannada literature, the rule of the Western Chalukyas holds a pre-eminent place. ...


At the turn of the first millennium, the Hoysalas gained power in the region. Literature flourished during this time, which led to the distinctive Kannada literary metres and the construction of temples and sculptures adhering to the Vesara style of architecture.[20][21][22][23] The expansion of the Hoysala Empire brought parts of modern Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu under its rule. In the early 14th century, Harihara and Bukka Raya established the Vijayanagara empire with its capital, Hosapattana (later named Vijayanagara), on the banks of the Tungabhadra River in the modern Bellary district. The empire rose as a bulwark against Muslim advances into South India, which it completely controlled for over two centuries.[24][25] Extent of Hoysala Empire, 1200 CE Capital Belur, Halebidu Language(s) Kannada Religion Hindu Government Monarchy King  - 1026 – 1047 Nripa Kama II  - 1292 – 1343 Veera Ballala III History  - Earliest Hoysala records 950  - Established 1026  - Disestablished 1343 The Hoysala Empire (Kannada: ಹೊಯ್ಸಳ ಸಾಮ್ರಾಜ್ಯ) (pronunciation: in Kannada) was a prominent South Indian empire that... Kirti Mukha, demon faces Amrithapura Hoysala literature during the era of Hoysala Empire (1000-1343) (Kannada: ಹೊಯ್ಸಳ ಸಾಮ್ರಾಜ್ಯ) was dominated by the ascent of famous Kannada and Sanskrit poets. ... Particularly, this article is not about Hymn meters, as often found on hymn tunes Meter (UK spelling: metre) is the measurement of a musical line into measures of stressed and unstressed beats, indicated in Western music notation by a symbol called a time signature. ... Profile of a Hoysala temple at Somanathapura Hoysala architecture (Kannada: ) is the distinctive building style developed under the rule of the Hoysala Empire, in the region known today as Karnataka, India, between the 11th and 14th centuries. ... Andhra redirects here. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Vishnu (right half - blue) and Shiva (left half - white) Harihara is a the name of a combined deity form of both Vishnu (Hari) and Shiva (Hara) from the Hindu tradition. ... // Early Life The early life of Bukka (also known as Bukka Raya)as well as his brother Hakka (also known as Harihara Raya) are relatively unknown and most accounts of their early life are based on theories (see the Vijayanagara Empire article to get a more extended description of these... The Vijayanagara empire was based in the Deccan, in peninsular and southern India, from 1336 onwards. ... Vijayanagara (Kannada: ವಿಜಯನಗರ, English: ) is in Bellary District, northern Karnataka. ...


In 1565, Karnataka and the rest of South India experienced a major geopolitical shift when the Vijayanagara Empire fell to a confederation of Islamic sultanates in the Battle of Talikota.[26] The Bijapur Sultanate, which had risen after the demise of the Bahmani Sultanate of Bidar, soon took control of the Deccan; it was defeated by the Moghuls in the late 17th century.[27][28] The Bahamani and Bijapur rulers encouraged Urdu and Persian literature and Indo-Saracenic architecture, the Gol Gumbaz being one of the high points of this style.[29] Battle of Talikota or Tellikota (January 26, 1565) fought between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Deccan sultanates resulted in a rout for Vijayanagara and ended the last great Hindu kingdom in South India. ... Bijapur is a district in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... The Bahmani Sultanate was a Muslim state of the Deccan in southern India. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... Government Museum in Chennai. ...

An inveterate enemy of the British, Tippu Sultan was one of the most powerful rulers in India before the advent of the British Raj
An inveterate enemy of the British, Tippu Sultan was one of the most powerful rulers in India before the advent of the British Raj

In the period that followed, parts of northern Karnataka were ruled by the Nizam of Hyderabad, the British, and other powers. In the south, the Mysore Kingdom, former vassals of the Vijayanagara Empire, was briefly independent.[30] With the death of Krishnaraja Wodeyar II, Haidar Ali, the commander-in-chief of the Mysore army, gained control of the region. After his death, the kingdom was inherited by his son Tippu Sultan.[31] To contain European expansion in South India, Haidar Ali and later Tippu Sultan fought four significant Anglo-Mysore Wars, the last of which resulted in Tippu Sultan's death and the incorporation of Mysore into the British Raj in 1799.[32] The Kingdom of Mysore was restored to the Wodeyars and Mysore remained a princely state under the British Raj. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 492 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (556 × 678 pixel, file size: 95 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) +/- File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Tipu Sultan ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 492 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (556 × 678 pixel, file size: 95 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) +/- File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Tipu Sultan ... The Anglo-Mysore Wars were a series of eighteenth-century wars fought in India between the Kingdom of Mysore (then a French ally) and the British East-India Company, represented chiefly by the Madras Presidency. ... Sultan Fateh Ali Tipu, also known as the Tiger of Mysore (November 20, 1750, Devanahalli – May 4, 1799, Srirangapattana), was the first son of Haidar Ali by his second wife, Fatima or Fakhr-un-nissa. ... Anthem God Save The King-Emperor The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (1858 - 1912) New Delhi (1912 - 1947) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy... Hyderabad and Berar, 1903 Hyderābād was an autonomous princely state of south-central India from 1724 until 1948, ruled by a hereditary Nizam, and an Indian state from 1948 to 1956. ... The Kingdom of Mysore was a kingdom of southern India, which was founded about 1400 by the Wodeyar dynasty, who ruled the state until Indian independence in 1947, when the kingdom became Mysore state of India, later renamed Karnataka. ... Look up vassal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Krishna Raja Wodeyar II,(Kannada: ಇಮ್ಮಡಿ ಕೃಷ್ಣರಾಜ ಒಡೆಯರ್) GCSI, GBE, also known popularly as Immadi Krishna Raja Wadeyar was one of the most celebrated rulers among the Indian States when India was still under British rule. ... Hyder Ali or Haidar Ali (c. ... Sultan Fateh Ali Tipu, also known as the Tiger of Mysore (November 20, 1750, Devanahalli – May 4, 1799, Srirangapattana), was the first son of Haidar Ali by his second wife, Fatima or Fakhr-un-nissa. ... The Anglo-Mysore Wars were a series of eighteenth-century wars fought in India between the Kingdom of Mysore (then a French ally) and the British East-India Company, represented chiefly by the Madras Presidency. ... Anthem God Save The King-Emperor The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (1858 - 1912) New Delhi (1912 - 1947) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy...


As the "doctrine of lapse" gave way to dissent and resistance from princely states across the country, Kittur Chennamma, Sangolli Rayanna and others spearheaded rebellions in Karnataka in 1830, nearly three decades before the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Other uprisings followed, such as the ones at Supa, Bagalkot, Shorapur, Nargund and Dandeli. These rebellions which coincided with the 1857 war of independence were led by Mundargi Bhimarao, Bhaskar Rao Bhave, the Halagali Bedas, Venkatappa Nayaka and others. By the late 19th century, the freedom movement had gained momentum; Karnad Sadashiva Rao, Aluru Venkata Raya, S. Nijalingappa, Kengal Hanumanthaiah, Nittoor Srinivasa Rau and others carried on the struggle into the early 20th century.[33] The Doctrine of Lapse was an annexation policy devised by Lord Dalhousie, who was the Governor General of India between 1848 and 1856. ... Kitturu Rani Chennamma (Chennamma, the Queen of Kitturu)(1778 - 1829) was the queen of the prince state Kittur in Karnataka. ... Sangolli Rayanna was a prominent freedom fighter of Karnataka. ... Belligerents Rebellious East India Company Sepoys, 7 Indian princely states, deposed rulers of the independent states of Oudh, Jhansi Some Indian civilians. ... This article lacks information on the importance of the subject matter. ... Bagalkot is an administrative district in the state of Karnataka in India. ... Shorapur is a town in Gulbarga district in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... , Nargund is a town in Gadag district in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Dandeli is a picturesque city set amidst the backdrop of the Western Ghats. ... Karnad Sadashiv Rao (Kannada:ಕಾರ್ನಾಡ್‌ ಸದಾಶಿವರಾವ್‌) (1881 - January 9, 1937) was an Indian freedom fighter and social reformer who was very first from Karnataka to sign the Satyagraha pledge. ... Aluru Venkata Rao(12th July 1880 - 25th Feb 1964) was one of the most eminent leaders of the the Karnataka Ekikarana movement. ... Siddavanahalli Nijalingappa (December 10, 1902 - August, 2000 was a senior Congress politician and the Chief Minister of Karnataka between 1956 and 1958 and once again between 1962 and 1968. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Nittoor Srinivasa Rau (1903 - 2004) Nittoor Srinivasa Rau (Kannada: ನೆಟ್ಟೂರು ಶ್ರೀನಿವಾಸ ರಾವ್) (24 August 1903 – 12 August 2004)[1] was a Gandhian who participated in the Indian independence movement. ...


After India's independence, the Maharaja, Jayachamarajendra Wodeyar, allowed his kingdom's accession to India. In 1950, Mysore became an Indian state of the same name; the former Maharaja served as its Rajpramukh (head of state) until 1975. Following the long-standing demand of the Ekikarana Movement, Kodagu and Kannada speaking regions from the adjoining states of Madras, Hyderabad and Bombay were incorporated into the Mysore state, under the States Reorganization Act of 1956. The thus expanded state was renamed Karnataka, seventeen years later, in 1973.[34] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... During the period of British rule, the Indian state of Karnataka as it stands today did not exist. ... This article needs to be wikified. ...


Geography

Main articles: Geography of Karnataka and Rainfall in Karnataka
Jog Falls are one of the highest waterfalls in India, formed by Sharavathi River
Jog Falls are one of the highest waterfalls in India, formed by Sharavathi River

The state has three principal geographical zones: the coastal region of Karavali, the hilly Malnad region comprising the Western Ghats and the Bayaluseeme region comprising the plains of the Deccan plateau. The bulk of the state is in the Bayaluseeme region, the northern part of which is the second largest arid region in India.[35] The highest point in Karnataka is the Mullayanagiri hills in Chikkamagaluru district which has an altitude of 1,929 metres (6,329 ft). Some of the important rivers in Karnataka are the Kaveri, the Tungabhadra, the Krishna and the Sharavathi. The State of Karnataka is located within 11. ... Heavy rains show the full might of Jog Falls in Shimoga district A scenery in Agumbe, a place with one of the highest rainfalls in India The state of Karnataka in India has a bittersweet relationship with rains. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 535 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 685 pixel, file size: 397 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 535 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 685 pixel, file size: 397 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Jog Falls (Kannada-ಜೋಗ ಜಲಪಾತ ) is the highest untiered waterfalls in India, located in Shimoga District of Karnataka state. ... Sharavathi is a river in India. ... Karavali (Tulu ಕರಾವಳಿ) is the geographical area covered by sea-coast of Karnataka. ... Malnad (Kannada: ಮಲೆನಾಡು) (an English word for Malenadu in Kannada, male means rain and nadu means land) is a region of Karnataka state in South India. ... The Agasthiyamalai range of the Western Ghats The Western Ghats are a mountain range in India. ... Bayaluseeme is the area lying to the east of Malnad, a region of Karnataka state in South India, or east of the western ghats. ... Deccan redirects here. ... In general terms, the climate of a locale or region is said to be arid when it is characterized by a severe lack of available water, to the extent of hindering or even preventing the growth and development of plant and animal life. ... Mullayanagiri (Kannada: ಮುಳ್ಳಯ್ಯನಗಿರಿ ) (also spelt Mullayangiri or Mullainagiri), is the highest peak in Karnataka, India. ... Vidyasankara temple in Shringeri. ... The Cauvery (sometimes written as Kaveri) is one of the major rivers of southern India. ... The Tungabhadra is a river of southern India. ... Krishna in Vijayawada in 2007 The River Krishna (meaning dark (feminine) in Sanskrit, also called the Krishnaveni, is one of the longest rivers of India (about 1300 km in length). ... Sharavathi is a river in India The Sharavathi River originates at Ambuthirtha in Thirthahalli taluk. ...


Karnataka consists of four main types of geological formations[36] — the Archean complex made up of Dharwad schists and granitic gneisses, the Proterozoic non-fossiliferous sedimentary formations of the Kaladgi and Bhima series, the Deccan trappean and intertrappean deposits and the tertiary and recent laterites and alluvial deposits. Significantly, about 60% of the state is comprised of the Archean complex which consist of gneisses, granites and charnockite rocks. Laterite cappings that are found in many districts over the Deccan Traps were formed after the cessation of volcanic activity in the early tertiary period. Eleven groups of soil orders are found in Karnataka, viz. Entisols, Inceptisols, Mollisols, Spodosols, Alfisols, Ultisols, Oxisols, Aridisols, Vertisols, Andisols and Histosols.[36] Depending on the agricultural capability of the soil, the soil types are divided into six types, viz. Red, lateritic, black, alluvio-colluvial, forest and coastal soils. The Archean is a geologic eon; it is a somewhat antiquated term for the time span between 2500 million years before the present and 3800 million years before the present. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Schist The schists form a group of medium-grade metamorphic rocks, chiefly notable for the preponderance of lamellar minerals such as micas, chlorite, talc, hornblende, graphite, and others. ... Gneiss Gneiss (IPA: ) is a common and widely distributed type of rock formed by high-grade regional metamorphic processes from preexisting formations that were originally either igneous or sedimentary rocks, which most commonly forms on ancient seabeds. ... The Proterozoic (IPA: ) is a geological eon representing a period before the first abundant complex life on Earth. ... Cutting of laterite brickstones, Angadipuram, India Laterite is a surface formation in tropical areas which is enriched in iron and aluminium and develops by intensive and long lasting weathering of the underlying parent rock. ... The Deccan Traps is a large igneous province located in west-central India and is one of the largest volcanic features on Earth. ... In USA soil taxonomy, Entisols are defined as soils that do not show any profile development. ... Inceptisols are a soil order in USA soil taxonomy. ... Mollisols are a soil order in USA soil taxonomy. ... Podsol (also spelled Podzol, or known as Spodosol) is the typical soil of coniferous, or Boreal forests. ... Alfisol profile Alfisols are a soil order in USA soil taxonomy. ... Ultisol profile Ultisols are an order in USA soil taxonomy. ... Oxisols are an order in USA soil taxonomy, best known for their occurrence in tropical rain forest, 15-25 degrees north and south of the Equator. ... Aridisols are a soil order in USA soil taxonomy. ... Vertisol profile In both the FAO and USA soil taxonomy, a vertisol is a soil in which there is a high content of expansive clay known as montmorillonite that forms deep cracks in drier seasons or years. ... Andisol profile In USA soil taxonomy, Andisols are soils formed in volcanic ash and defined as soils containing high proportions of glass and amorphous colloidal materials, including allophane, imogolite, and ferrihydrite. ... In both the FAO soil classification and the USA soil taxonomy, a Histosol is a soil comprised primarily of organic materials. ... Laterite is a red-colored clay rich soil found in the tropics and subtropics. ... Chernozem, or Black Earth (from Russian: ), is a kind of soil. ...


Karnataka experiences four seasons. The winter in January and February is followed by summer between March and May, the monsoon season between June and September and the post-monsoon season from October till December. Meteorologically, Karnataka is divided into three zones — coastal, north interior and south interior. Of these, the coastal zone receives the heaviest rainfall with an average rainfall of about 3,638.5 mm (143 in) per annum, far in excess of the state average of 1,139 mm (45 in). Agumbe in the Shivamogga district receives the second highest annual rainfall in India.[37] The highest recorded temperature was 45.6 °C (114 °F) at Raichur and the lowest recorded temperature was 2.8 °C (37 °F) at Bidar. // Meteorology (from Greek: μετέωρον, meteoron, high in the sky; and λόγος, logos, knowledge) is the interdisciplinary scientific study of the atmosphere that focuses on weather processes and forecasting. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Agumbe is one of the most scenic places on the Western Ghats of the Southern India. ... , Shivamogga District (Kannada:ಶಿವಮೊಗ್ಗ) is a district in the Karnataka state of India. ... For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... , Raichur is a town and a city municipal council in Raichur district in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... , Bidar (Kannada ಬೀದರ್)is a city and taluka in Karnataka state, India. ...


About 38,724 km² (14,951 sq mi) of Karnataka (i.e. 20% of the state's geographic area) is covered by forests. The forests are classified as reserved, protected, unclosed, village and private forests. The percentage of forested area is slightly less than the all-India average of about 23%, and significantly less than the 33% prescribed in the National Forest Policy.[38]


Sub-divisions

Districts of Karnataka
Districts of Karnataka

There are 29 districts in Karnataka—Bagalkote, Bangalore Rural, Bangalore Urban, Belgaum, Bellary, Bidar, Bijapur, Chamarajanagar, Chikkaballapur,[39] Chikkamagaluru, Chitradurga, Dakshina Kannada, Davanagere, Dharwad, Gadag, Gulbarga, Hassan, Haveri, Kodagu, Kolar, Koppal, Mandya, Mysore, Raichur, Ramanagara,[39] Shimoga, Tumkur, Udupi and Uttara Kannada. Each district is governed by a district commissioner or district magistrate. The districts are further divided into sub-divisions, which are governed by sub-divisional magistrates; sub-divisions comprise blocks containing panchayats (village councils) and town municipalities. Karnataka state comprises 29 districts, grouped into four divisions. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Bāgalkot (ಬಾಗಲಕೋಟೆ in Kannada) pronounced //, sometimes spelled as Bāgalkote is an administrative district in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... An overview of Bangalore Rural District Bangalore Rural District is one of the 25 districts in Karnataka. ... The Vidhana Soudha is the seat of Karnatakas Legislative assembly Bangalore (Kannada: ; (?) in Kannada and // in English) is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... The Belgaum District is a district in the state of Karnataka, India. ... , Bellary (Kannada: ;; pronunciation: in Kannada and in English) is a district in Karnataka state, India. ... Bidar (Kannada: ) is a district of Karnataka state in southern India. ... Bijapur (Kannada: ವಿಜಾಪುರ) is a district in the state of Karnataka in southern India. ... Chamarajanagar ಚಾಮರಾಜನಗರ is the southern-most district in the state of Karnataka, India. ... Chikballapur district is a newly created district in the state of Karnataka, India. ... Vidyasankara temple in Shringeri. ... The Famous Chitradurga Fort Chitradurga district (ಚಿತ್ರದುರ್ಗ in Kannada) is an administrative district of Karnataka state in southern India. ... Location of Dakshina Kannada district with respect to the other districts of Karnataka. ... Davanagere District, also known as Davangere District, is an administrative District of Karnataka state in southern India. ... Dharwad District is an administrative district of the state of Karnataka in southern India. ... Gadag District has a population of 971,955 (2001 Census of India), which increased 13. ... Gulbarga District Gulbarga District is situated between 76°.04 and 77°.42 east longitude, and 16°.12 and 17°.46 north latitude, covering an area of 16,224 square kilometres. ... Hassan (Kannada : ಹಾಸನ) is a district in Karnataka state, India. ... Haveri is a district in Karnataka, India. ... Location of the Kodagu district with respect to the other districts of Karnataka. ... Kolar ಕೋಲಾರ   is a district in Karnataka state of India. ... Koppal is an administrative district in the state of Karnataka in India. ... Mandya District (Kannada ಮಂಡ್ಯ ) is an administrative district located in Karnataka, India. ... Mysore District (Kannada ಮೈಸೂರು) is an administrative district located in Karnataka, India. ... Raichur District is an administrative district in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Ramanagaram district is a newly created district in the state of Karnataka, India. ... , Shivamogga District (Kannada:ಶಿವಮೊಗ್ಗ) is a district in the Karnataka state of India. ... , Tumkur (Kannada: ತುಮಕೂರು) is an administrative district in the state of Karnataka in India. ... Udupi District in Karnataka was created in August 1997. ... Location of Uttara Kannada district with respect to the other districts of Karnataka. ...


As per the 2001 census, Karnataka's six largest cities sorted in order of decreasing population were, Bangalore, Hubli-Dharwad, Mysore, Gulbarga, Belgaum and Mangalore. Bangalore is the only city with a population of more than one million. Bangalore Urban, Belgaum and Gulbarga are the most populous districts, each of them having a population of more than three million. Gadag, Chamarajanagar and Kodagu districts have a population of less than one million.[40] , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... Hubli-Dharwad is a twin city in the state of Karnataka in India. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... , For other uses, see Mysore (disambiguation). ... Gulbarga is a town in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... , Belgaum (proposed to be renamed Belagaavi) (Kannada: ಬೆಳಗಾವಿ, Marathi: बेळगांव;  ), also known as Belgaon, is a city and a municipal corporation in Belgaum district in the state of Karnataka, India. ... , Mangalore (IPA:ˈmaÅ‹-gÉ™-ËŒlȯr; Kannada: ಮಂಗಳೂರು, MangalÅ«ru; Tulu: Kudla, ಕುಡ್ಲ; Konkani: Kodial, ಕೊಡಿಯಾಲ್; Beary: Maikala, ಮೈಕಲ)   is the chief port city of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Bangalore Urban is a district of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... The Belgaum District is a district in the state of Karnataka, India. ... Gulbarga District Gulbarga District is situated between 76°.04 and 77°.42 east longitude, and 16°.12 and 17°.46 north latitude, covering an area of 16,224 square kilometres. ... Gadag District has a population of 971,955 (2001 Census of India), which increased 13. ... Chamarajanagar ಚಾಮರಾಜನಗರ is the southern-most district in the state of Karnataka, India. ... Location of the Kodagu district with respect to the other districts of Karnataka. ...


Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Karnataka

According to the 2001 census of India, the total population of Karnataka is 52,850,562, of which 26,898,918 (50.89%) are male and 25,951,644 (49.11%) are female, or 1000 males for every 964 females. This represents a 17.25% increase over the population in 1991. The population density is 275.6 per km² and 33.98% of the people live in urban areas. The literacy rate is 66.6% with 76.1% of males and 56.9% of females being literate.[2] 83% of the population are Hindu, 11% are Muslim, 4% are Christian, 0.78% are Jains, 0.73% are Buddhist, and with the remainder belonging to other religions.[41] Distribution of population in Karnataka Karnataka having a total population of 52,850,562 is one of the major states in South India. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... JAIN is an activity within the Java Community Process, developing APIs for the creation of telephony (voice and data) services. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by...


Kannada is the official language of Karnataka and spoken as a native language by about 64.75% of the people. Other linguistic minorities in the state as of 1991 are Urdu (9.72%), Telugu (8.34%), Marathi (3.95%), Tamil (3.82%), Tulu (3.38%), Hindi (1.87%), Konkani (1.78%), Malayalam (1.69%) and Kodava Takk (0.25%).[42] The state has a birth rate of 2.2%, a death rate of 0.72%, an infant mortality rate of 5.5% and a maternal mortality rate of 0.195%. The total fertility rate is 2.2.[43] “Kannada” redirects here. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... “Telugu” redirects here. ... Marathi is one of the widely spoken languages of India, and has a long literary history. ... Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ... Tulu is one of the minor languages of India with under 2,000,000 speakers. ... Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is used, along with English, for central government administrative purposes. ... Konkani language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator Konkani (DevanāgarÄ«: कोंकणी, Roman: Konknni, Kannada: ಕೊಂಕಣಿ, Malayalam: കൊംകണീ, IAST: ) is a language of India, and belongs to the Indo-European family of languages. ... Malayalam (മലയാളം ) is the language spoken predominantly in the state of Kerala, in southern India. ... Kodava Takk, often called Coorgi or Coorg language in English, is the original language of the south Karnataka district of Kodagu. ...


In the field of super-specialty health care, Karnataka's private sector competes with the best in the world.[44] Karnataka has also established a modicum of public health services having a better record of health care and child care than most other states of India. In spite of these advances, some parts of the state still leave much to be desired when it comes to primary health care.[45]


Government and administration

Karnataka, like other Indian states, has a parliamentary system of government with two democratically elected state legislatures, the Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council. The Legislative Assembly consists of 224 members who are elected for five-year terms.[46] The Legislative Council is a permanent body which consists of 75 members with one-third of its members retiring every two years.[46] The government of Karnataka is a democratically elected body with the Governer as the constitutional head. ... During the period of British rule, the Indian state of Karnataka as it stands today did not exist. ... The table below lists all the Taluks in Karnataka state of India, district wise. ... Vidhana Soudha, Bangalore. ... Vidhana Soudha, Bangalore. ... Bangalore (anglicised from Bengalooru) is the capital of Karnataka, located in South India. ... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... A Legislative Assembly in some parts of the Commonwealth refers to a legislature, or a chamber of the legislature. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... A parliamentarian is a specialist in parliamentary procedure. ...


The government of Karnataka is headed by the Chief Minister who is chosen by the ruling party members of the Legislative Assembly. The Chief Minister along with the council of ministers, drives the legislative agenda and exercises most of the executive powers.[47] However, the constitutional and formal head of the state is the Governor who is appointed for a five year term by the President of India on the advice of the union government.[48] The citizens of Karnataka also elect 28 members to the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament.[49] The members in the state assembly elect 12 members to the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian Parliament. The government of Karnataka is a democratically elected body with the Governer as the constitutional head. ... See also Karnataka. ... A Member of the Legislative Assembly, or MLA, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to the Legislature or legislative assembly of a subnational jurisdiction. ... A Legislative Assembly in some parts of the Commonwealth refers to a legislature, or a chamber of the legislature. ... The Governors and Lieutenant-Governors of the states and territories of India have similar powers and functions at the state level as that of the President of India at Union level. ... The President of India (Hindi: Rashtrapati) is the head of state and first citizen of India and the Supreme Commander of the Indian armed forces. ... The Lok Sabhha (alternatively titled, the House of the People, by the Constitution of India) is the lower house in the Parliament of India. ... Executive President Vice-President Prime Minister Dy. ...

The emblem of Karnataka state

For administrative purposes, Karnataka has been divided into four revenue divisions, 49 sub-divisions, 29 districts, 175 taluks and 745 hoblies/revenue circles.[50] The administration in each district is headed by a Deputy Commissioner who belongs to the Indian Administrative Service and is assisted by a number of officers belonging to Karnataka state services. The Deputy Commissioner of Police, an officer belonging to the Indian Police Service and assisted by the officers of the Karnataka Police Service, is entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining law and order and related issues in each district. The Deputy Conservator of Forests, an officer belonging to the Indian Forest Service, also serves the government. Sectoral development in the districts is looked after by the district head of each development department such as Public Works Department, Health, Education, Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, etc. The judiciary in the state consists of the Karnataka High Court (Attara Kacheri) in Bangalore, district and session courts in each district and lower courts and judges at the taluk level. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A Tehsil is an administrative subdivision or tier of local government in some South Asian countries. ... The Deputy Commissioner (DC) or District Magistrate (DM) or District Collector is the head of the revenue administration of an Indian district. ... The (IAS) is one of the three All India Services of the Government of India; other two services being the Indian Police Service (IPS) and the Indian Forest Service (IFS). ... A Superintendent of Police or Senior Superintendent of Police or Deputy Commissioner of Police is an officer belonging to the elite Indian Police Service. ... The Indian Police Service (IPS) is one of the three All India Services of the Government of India; other two services being the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and the Indian Foreign Service (IFS). ... A Deputy Conservator of Forests or Divisional Forest Officer is an officer belonging to the elite Indian Forest Service. ... The Indian Forest Service (IFS) is one of the important All India Services of the Government of India. ... Karnataka High Court The Karnataka High Court is the High Court of the state of Karnataka. ... Composition and Jurisdiction of District Courts In India : administration of justice at district level is done through law courts which are presided over by a judge. ... A Tehsil is an administrative subdivision or tier of local government in some South Asian countries. ...


Politics in Karnataka has been dominated by three political parties, the Indian National Congress, the Janata Dal (Secular) and the Bharatiya Janata Party.[51] Politicians from Karnataka have played prominent roles in federal government of India with some of them having held the high positions of Prime Minister and Vice President. Border disputes involving Karnataka's claim on the Kasaragod[52] and Sholapur[53] districts and Maharashtra's claim on Belgaum are ongoing since the states reorganisation.[54] The official emblem of Karnataka has a Ganda Berunda in the centre. Surmounting this are four lions facing the four directions, taken from the Lion Capital of Asoka at Sarnath. The emblem also carries two Sharabhas with the head of an elephant and the body of a lion. Indian National Congress, Congress-I (also known as the Congress Party and abbreviated INC) is a major political party in India. ... The Janata Dal (Secular) is a left of centre Indian political party. ... The Bharatiya Janata Party [BJP] (Hindi: , translation: Indian Peoples Party), created in 1980, is a major right wing Indian political party. ... The Government of India (Hindi: भारत सरकार [1]Bhārat Sarkār), officially referred to as the Union Government, and commonly as Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of a federal union of 28 states and 7 union territories, collectively called the Republic of... The Prime Minister of India is, in practice, the most powerful person in the Government of India. ... , For the district with the same name, see Kasaragod district. ... Solapur is a district in Maharashtra, India. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... The Belgaum border dispute is a dispute involving the Indian states of Maharashtra and Karnataka. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Gandaberunda roof sculpture, Rameshwara temple, Keladi, Shivamogga District The Gandaberunda (also known as the Berunda) is a two headed mythological bird of Hindu mythology thought to possess magical strength. ... Emblem of India. ... Sarnath (also Mrigadava, Migadāya, Rishipattana, Isipatana) is the deer park where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma, and where the Buddhist Sangha came into existence through the enlightenment of Kondanna. ... It has been suggested that Lord Sarabheswara be merged into this article or section. ... Genera and Species Loxodonta Loxodonta cyclotis Loxodonta africana Elephas Elephas maximus Elephas antiquus † Elephas beyeri † Elephas celebensis † Elephas cypriotes † Elephas ekorensis † Elephas falconeri † Elephas iolensis † Elephas planifrons † Elephas platycephalus † Elephas recki † Stegodon † Mammuthus † Elephantidae (the elephants) is a family of pachyderm, and the only remaining family in the order Proboscidea... For other uses, see Lion (disambiguation). ...


Economy

Main articles: Economy of Karnataka, Software industry in Karnataka, and Banking in Karnataka
GSDP Growth of the Karnatakan Economy over the previous years
GSDP Growth of the Karnatakan Economy over the previous years

Karnataka, which had a GSDP (Gross State Domestic Product) of about Rs. 1940.09 billion ($ 46.19 billion) in the 2006-2007 fiscal year, is one of the more economically progressive states in India.[55] Karnataka is one of the high economic growth states in India with the GSDP (Gross State Domestic Product) growth of 9. ... The software industry in Karnataka state in India has become one of the main pillars of economy. ... The state of Karnataka, particularly the region comprising the coastal districts of Dakshina Kannada and Udupi is called as the cradle of banking in India. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


The state registered a GSDP growth rate of 9.2% for the year 2006-2007.[56] Karnataka's contribution to India's GDP in the year 2004-05 was 5.2%.[57] Karnataka was the fastest growing state over the past decade in terms of GDP and per capita GDP. With GDP growth of 56.2% and per capita GDP growth of 43.9%, Karnataka now has the sixth highest per-capita GDP of all states.[58] Till September 2006 Karnataka received a Foreign Direct Investment of Rs. 78.097 billion ($ 1.7255 billion) for the fiscal year 2006-07, placing it third among the states of India.[59] At the end of 2004, the unemployment rate in Karnataka was 4.94% compared to the national rate of 5.99%.[60] For the fiscal year 2006-07, the inflation rate in Karnataka was 4.4%, compared to the national average of 4.7%.[61] As of 2004-05, Karnataka had an estimated poverty ratio of 17%, less than the national ratio of 27.5%.[62] This article is about economics. ...


Nearly 56% of the workforce in Karnataka is engaged in agriculture and related activities.[63] A total of 12.31 million hectares of land, or 64.6% of the state's total area, is cultivated.[64] Much of the agricultural output is dependent on the southwest monsoon as only 26.5% of the sown area is irrigated.[64] Monsoon in the Vindhya, a mountain chain in central India A monsoon is a periodic wind, especially in the Indian Ocean and southern Asia. ...


Karnataka is the manufacturing hub for some of the largest public sector industries in India, including Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, National Aerospace Laboratories, Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, Indian Telephone Industries, Bharat Earth Movers Limited and Hindustan Machine Tools, which are based in Bangalore. Many of India's premier science and technology research centers, such as Indian Space Research Organization, Central Power Research Institute ,Bharat Electronics Limited and the Central Food Technological Research Institute, are also headquartered in Karnataka. Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited is an oil refinery located in Mangalore. < [[[[math>Insert formula here</math>The public sector is that part of economic and administrative life that deals with the delivery of goods and services by and for the [[government </math></math></math></math> Direct administration funded through taxation; the delivering organisation generally has no specific requirement to meet commercial... Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) is a major aerospace company under the Ministry of Defence headquartered in Bangalore, India. ... NAL campus at Bangalore National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL) is an Indian R&D establishment dealing with civil aeronautics and allied disciplines. ... BHEL or Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited is a Gas and Steam turbine manufacturer in India. ... Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML) is an Indian Public Sector Undertaking, with headquarters in Bangalore. ... Hindustan Machine Tools was incorporated in 1953 by the Government of India as a machine tool manufacturing company. ... The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is Indias national space agency. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Indias Central Food Technological Research Institute (CFTRI) is based in Mysore and was opened on 21 October 1950. ... Mangalore Refinery Private Limited (MRPL) is comapny majority owned by ONGC. It was acquired by it from AV Birla Group. ... View of Shell Oil Refinery in Martinez, California. ...


Since the 1980s, Karnataka has emerged as the pan-Indian leader in the field of IT (information technology). As of 2007, there were nearly 2,000 firms operating out of Karnataka. Many of them, including two of India's biggest software firms, Infosys and Wipro are also headquartered in the state.[65] Exports from these firms exceeded Rs. 50,000 crores ($12.5 billion) in 2006-07, accounting for nearly 38% of all IT exports from India.[65] All this has earned the state capital, Bangalore, the sobriquet Silicon Valley of India.[66] Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... Infosys Software Development Center in Pune. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Wipro Technologies. ... The Silicon Valley of India is a nickname of the Indian city of Bangalore. ...

Contribution to economy by sector
Contribution to economy by sector

Karnataka also leads the nation in biotechnology. It is home to India's largest biocluster, with 158 of the country's 320 biotechnology firms being based here.[67] The state also accounts for 75% of India's floriculture, an upcoming industry which supplies flowers and ornamental plants worldwide.[68] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The structure of insulin Biotechnology is technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. ... The Latin words hortus (garden plant) and cultura (culture) together form horticulture, classically defined as the culture or growing of garden plants. ...


Seven of India's leading banks, Canara Bank, Syndicate Bank, Corporation Bank, Vijaya Bank, Karnataka Bank, Vysya Bank and the State Bank of Mysore originated in this state.[69] The coastal districts of Udupi and Dakshina Kannada have a branch for every 500 persons -- the best distribution of banks in India.[70] As of March 2002, Karnataka had 4767 branches of different banks with each branch serving 11,000 persons, which is lower than the national average of 16,000.[71] // Canara Bank (BSE: 532483), established in 1906 with the name of Canara Bank Hindu Permanent Fund in Mangalore, India, by Ammembal Subba Rao Pai, is one of the oldest and major commercial banks of India. ... Syndicate Bank, established in 1925 in Udupi (Karnataka state, India) by Upendra Ananth Pai, Vaman Kudva and Dr, T. M. A. Pai, is one of the oldest and major commercial bank of India. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Vijaya Bank was founded on 23rd October 1931 by the late Shri A.B.Shetty and other enterprising farmers in Mangalore, Karnataka. ... Karnataka Bank Ltd. ... State Bank of Mysore is one of the nationalised bank in India. ... , For other uses, see Udupi (disambiguation). ... Location of Dakshina Kannada district with respect to the other districts of Karnataka. ...


Transport

Main articles: Transportation in Karnataka and List of National Highways in Karnataka
Kingfisher Airlines which is based in Bangalore.
Kingfisher Airlines which is based in Bangalore.

Air transport in Karnataka, as in the rest of the country, is still a fledgling but fast expanding sector. Karnataka has airports at Bengaluru (Bangalore), Mangaluru (Mangalore), Hubballi (Hubli), Belagavi (Belgaum), Hampi and Bellary with international operations from Mangaluru and Bengaluru airports. Airports at Mysuru (Mysore), Kalburgi (Gulbarga), Bijapur, Hassan and Shivamogga are expected to be operational by the end of 2007.[72] Major airlines such as Kingfisher Airlines and Air Deccan are based in Bangalore. Karnataka, a state in South India has a well-developed transport system. ... The Network of National Highways in India The list of National Highways in India gives a region wide listing of the Indian Highways, a class of roads maintained by the National Highways Authority of India. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Kingfisher Airlines Limited is an airline based in Bangalore, India. ... , Mangalore (IPA:ˈmaÅ‹-gÉ™-ËŒlȯr; Kannada: ಮಂಗಳೂರು, MangalÅ«ru; Tulu: Kudla, ಕುಡ್ಲ; Konkani: Kodial, ಕೊಡಿಯಾಲ್; Beary: Maikala, ಮೈಕಲ)   is the chief port city of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Hubli-Dharwad is a twin city in the state of Karnataka in India. ... , Belgaum (proposed to be renamed Belagaavi) (Kannada: ಬೆಳಗಾವಿ, Marathi: बेळगांव;  ), also known as Belgaon, is a city and a municipal corporation in Belgaum district in the state of Karnataka, India. ... Hampi (Kannada: ಹಂಪೆ, Hampe in Kannada) is a village in northern Karnataka state, India. ... , Bellary (Kannada: pronunciation: in Kannada and in English) is a city in Bellary District in Karnataka state, India. ... HAL Bangalore International Airport (IATA: BLR, ICAO: VOBG), also known as HAL Airport or Hindustan Airport, is the domestic and international airport serving Bangalore, Karnataka, India. ... , For other uses, see Mysore (disambiguation). ... Gulbarga is a town in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Bijapur (Kannada: ವಿಜಾಪುರ) is a district headquarters of the Bijapur District in the state of Karnataka. ... Hassan ಹಾಸನ is a city and district headquarters of Hassan district in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... , Shivamogga or Shimoga (Kannada:ಶಿವಮೊಗ್ಗ), a City and a city municipal corporation, is located in the central part of the state of Karnataka, India. ... Kingfisher Airlines Limited is an airline based in Bangalore, India. ... Air Deccan is an airline based in Bangalore, India. ...


Karnataka has a railway network with a total length of approximately 3,089 kilometres (1,919 mi). Until the creation of the South Western Zone headquartered at Hubli in 2003, the railway network in the state was in the Southern and Western railway zones. Several parts of the state now come under the South Western Zone, with the remainder under the Southern Railways. Coastal Karnataka is covered under the Konkan railway network which was considered India's biggest railway project of the century.[73] Bangalore is extensively connected with inter-state destinations while other important cities and towns in the state are not so well-connected.[74][75] Hubli-Dharwad is a twin city in the state of Karnataka in India. ... The Konkan Railway (Railway Symbol:KR) is a company of the Indian Railways which operates along the Konkan coast of India. ...


Karnataka has 11 ports, including the New Mangalore Port, a major port and ten other minor ports.[76] The New Mangalore port was incorporated as the ninth major port in India on 4th May 1974. This port handled 32.04 million tonnes of traffic in the fiscal year 2006-07 with 17.92 million tonnes of imports and 14.12 million tonnes of exports. The port also handled 1015 vessels including 18 cruise vessels during the year 2006-07. The inland water transport within the state is not well developed. New Mangalore Port is the only major port of Karnataka. ...


The total lengths of National Highways and state highways in Karnataka are 3,973 kilometres (2,469 mi) and 9,829 kilometres (6,107 mi), respectively. The KSRTC, the state public transport corporation, transports an average of 2.2 million passengers daily and employs about 25,000 people.[77] In the late nineties, KSRTC was split into three corporations, viz., The Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation, The North-West Karnataka Road Transport Corporation and The North-East Karnataka Road Transport Corporation with their headquarters in Bangalore, Hubli and Gulbarga respectively.[77] The Network of National Highways in India The list of National Highways in India gives a region wide listing of the Indian Highways, a class of roads maintained by the National Highways Authority of India. ... The Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) was set up in the year 1961 with 1792 buses and is wholly owned by the Government of Karnataka, South India. ...


Culture

A Yakshagana artist
A Yakshagana artist

The diverse linguistic and religious ethnicities that are native to Karnataka combined with their long histories have contributed immensely to the varied cultural heritage of the state. Apart from Kannadigas, Karnataka is home to Tuluvas, Kodavas and Konkanis. Minor populations of Tibetan Buddhists and tribes like the Soligas, Yeravas, Todas and Siddhis also live in Karnataka. The traditional folk arts cover the entire gamut of music, dance, drama, storytelling by itinerant troupes, etc. Yakshagana of coastal Karnataka, a classical folk play, is one of the major theatrical forms of Karnataka. Contemporary theatre culture in Karnataka remains vibrant with organizations like Ninasam, Ranga Shankara, Rangayana and Prabhat Kalavidaru continuing to build on the foundations laid by Gubbi Veeranna, T. P. Kailasam, B. V. Karanth, K V Subbanna, Prasanna and others.[78] Veeragase, Kamsale and Dollu Kunitha are popular dance forms. The Mysore style of Bharatanatya nurtured and popularised by the likes of the legendary Jatti Tayamma continues to hold sway in Karnataka and Bangalore also enjoys an eminent place as one of the foremost centers of Bharatanatya.[79] Art and culture of Karnataka // Carnatic Main article Carnatic Music The Kannada haridasa movement sowed the seeds of this art in the 13th-15th century AD. With the rise of Vaishnavism and the Haridasa movement came Karnataka composers like Purandaradasa, whose Kannada language works were complex, devotional and philosophical. ... Carnatic music, also known as is one of the two styles of Indian classical music, the other being Hindustani music. ... The cuisine of Karnataka comprises diverse vegetarian and non-vegetarian cuisines. ... Kannadiga (Kannada: ಕನ್ನಡಿಗ |masculine|), or Kannadati (Kannada: ಕನ್ನಡತಿ |feminine|) are an ethnic group primarily located in the state of Karnataka in India and neighbouring areas like Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Kerala, Goa and Maharashtra. ... Image File history File links FullPagadeYakshagana. ... Image File history File links FullPagadeYakshagana. ... A Yakshagana artist wearing pagaDe, one type of head-wear. ... Kannadiga is the term for a native speaker of Kannada. ... The Tuluvas (Tulu: ತುಳುವ) are speakers of the Tulu language. ... Language(s) Kodava Takk Religion(s) Hinduism, Christianity Related ethnic groups Aryan people, Dravidian people Brahuis Kannadigas Malayalis Tamils Telugus Tuluvas Yeravas Kurubas Male-Kudiyas Holayas The Kodava (ಕೊಡವ in Kannada script) are a people of southern India, most of whom trace their orgins to the region of Kodagu. ... The Konkani people are a group of people who speak Konkani. ... Tibetan Buddhism, (formerly also called Lamaism after their religious gurus known as lamas), is the body of religious Buddhist doctrine and institutions characteristic of Tibet and the Himalayan region. ... The Soliga is an individual member of a tribe that inhabit the Biligirirangan and associated hill ranges in Southern Karnataka, mostly in Chamarajanagar District, bordering the Erode district of Tamil Nadu (a neighbouring state). ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ... The Siddhis of Karnataka (Kannada: ಕರ್ನಾಟಕದ ಸಿದ್ಧಿಗಳು) are a tribe of African descent that has made Karnataka their home for the last 400 years. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A Yakshagana artist wearing pagaDe, one type of head-wear. ... Folk plays such as Hoodening, Guising, Mumming and Soul Caking are generally verse sketches performed in countryside pubs, private houses or the open air, at set times of the year such as the Winter or Summer solstices or Christmas and New Year. ... K V Subbanna, founder of Ninasam Ninasam (Kannada:ನೀನಾಸಂ) is a cultural organisation located in the village of Heggodu in Sagar Taluk of the Shivamogga district in the state of Karnataka, India. ... Ranga Shankara is acknowledged as the theatre that Arundhati Nag has built in memory of her husband, the late theatre-television-film personality Shankar Nag, partly as a tribute to his extraordinary talent and drive, and partly as a realisation of a dream that was his too - the dream to... Kalamandira in Mysore hosts many performances by Rangayana Rangayana (Kannada:ರಂಗಾಯಣ) is a theatre institute which operates from Mysore, Karnataka, India. ... Prabhat Kalavidaru is a theatre group based in Bangalore, India. ... Natakaratna Gubbi Veeranna was a doyen of early Kannada theatre and the founder of the famous Gubbi Veeranna theatre company. ... Image:Tp kailasam. ... Babukodi Venkataramana Karanth (d. ... Kuntagodu Vibhuthi Subbanna (1932-16 July 2005) was an acclaimed dramatist and writer in Kannada. ... This is a list of famous and notable people from Karnataka, India. ... A Veeragase dancer, © Kamats Potpourri Veeragase is a dance form prevalent in the state of Karnataka, India. ... Kamsale is a unique folk art performed by the devotees of God Mahadeshwara. ... Dollu Kunitha (dance), is a major form of art, occupies the pride of place among folk dances. ... Flag of former princely state of Mysore. ... Bharatanatyam[1] is a classical dance form originating from Tamil Nadu[2][3][4][5][6], a state in Southern India. ...


Karnataka also has a special place in the world of Indian classical music with both Karnataka[80](Carnatic) and Hindustani styles finding place in the state and Karnataka has produced a number of stalwarts in both styles. While refering to music the word 'Karnataka', the original name given to the South Indian classical music[1] does not mean the state of Karnataka. The Haridasa movement of the sixteenth century contributed seminally to the development of Karnataka (Carnatic) music as a performing art form. Purandara Dasa, one of the most revered Haridasas, is known as the Karnataka Sangeeta Pitamaha ('Father of Karnataka a.k.a.Carnatic music').[81] Celebrated Hindustani musicians like Gangubai Hangal, Mallikarjun Mansur, Bhimsen Joshi, Basavaraja Rajaguru, Sawai Gandharva and several others hail from Karnataka and some of them have been recipients of the Kalidas Samman, Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhushan awards. Carnatic music, also known as is one of the two styles of Indian classical music, the other being Hindustani music. ... Hindustani (हिन्‍दुस्‍थानी) classical music is an Indian classical music tradition originating in the North of the Indian subcontinent circa the 13th and 14th centuries CE. Developing a strong and diverse tradition over several centuries, it has contemporary traditions established primarily in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. ... This is a list of famous and notable people from Karnataka, India. ... Haridasa (haridasaru in Kannada) movement is considered as one of the turning points in Indian history. ... Purandara Dasa Purandara Dasa (1484-1564)(ಪುರಂದರ ದಾಸ) is one of the most prominient composer in carnatic music. ... Haridasa (haridasaru in Kannada) movement is considered as one of the turning points in Indian history. ... Gangubhai Hangal (born on March 5, 1912) is one of the greats of the Hindustani classical music. ... Mallikarjun Mansur (1901-1992) was one of greatest examples of the Jaipur-Atrauli Gharana of Hindusthani Khayal singing. ... Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi (Born February 04, 1922) is a renowned vocalist in India, . A descendant of the Kirana Gharana (stream) of Hindustani classical music tradition, he is particularly renowned for Khayal form singing. ... Basavaraj Rajguru (August 24, 1917-1991) was born in Yeliwal, a quaint village in the north Karnataka district of Dharwad. ... Rambhau Kundgolkar, better known as Sawai Gandharva, was a well known Hindustani vocalist. ... This is a list of famous and notable people from Karnataka, India. ... The Kalidas Samman is a prestigious arts award presented annually in the state of Madhya Pradesh in India. ... The Padma Bhushan is an Indian civilian decoration established on January 2, 1954 by the President of India. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Gamaka is another classical music genre based on Carnatic music that is practiced in Karnataka. Kannada Bhavageete is a genre of popular music that draws inspiration from the expressionist poetry of modern poets. The Mysore school of painting has produced painters like Sundarayya, Tanjavur Kondayya, B. Venkatappa and Keshavayya.[82] Chitrakala Parishat is an organisation in Karnataka dedicated to promoting painting, mainly in the Mysore painting style. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1353x867, 184 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Dharwad List of Indian sweets and desserts Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1353x867, 184 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Dharwad List of Indian sweets and desserts Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Dharwad Peda is a sweet dish made of milk and sugar. ... Gamaka is a unique form of story telling used in Karnataka, India. ... The origins of Indian classical music can be found from the oldest of scriptures, part of the Hindu tradition, the Vedas. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Bhavageete (literally emotion poetry) is a form of expressionist poetry and light music in India. ... Chitrakala Parishat (Kannada: ) is an art institution and cultural organisation located in the city of Bangalore, in the state of Karnataka, India. ... A Mysore Painting depicting Goddess Laxmi Mysore painting is an important form of classical South Indian painting that originated in the town of Mysore in Karnataka. ...


Saree is the traditional dress of women in Karnataka. Women in Kodagu have a distinct style of wearing the saree, different from the rest of Karnataka.[83] Dhoti, known as Panche in Karnataka is the traditional attire of men. Shirt, Trousers and Salwar kameez are widely worn in Urban areas. Mysore peta is the traditional headgear of Karnataka. Sari has two meanings: name of an Indian garment worn by women. ... Similar to sarongs, dhotis are commonly worn with western-style oxford shirts by the men of South India. ... Business shirt In American English, shirt can refer to almost any upper-body garment other than coats and bras (the term top is sometimes used in ladieswear). ... Germanic trousers of the 4th century found in the Thorsberg moor, Germany Early use of trousers in France: a sans-culotte by Louis-Léopold Boilly. ... Salwar kameez, from Max Tilkes Oriental Costume, 1922 Salwar kameez (also spelled shalwar kameez and shalwar qamiz) is a traditional dress worn by both women and men in Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan. ... This article is about headwear. ...


Rice and Ragi form the staple food in South Karnataka, whereas Sorghum is staple to North Karnataka. Apart from this, coastal Karnataka and Kodagu have a distinctive cuisine of their own. Bisi bele bath, Jolada rotti, Ragi mudde, Uppittu, Masala Dose and Maddur Vade are some of the popular food items in Karnataka. Among sweets, Mysore Pak and Dharwad pedha are popular. For other uses, see Rice (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Eleusine coracana L. Finger millet, also known as African millet or ragi, is an annual plant widely grown as a cereal in the arid areas of Africa and Asia. ... Species About 30 species, see text Sorghum is a genus of numerous species of grasses, some of which are raised for grain and many of which are utilised as fodder plants either cultivated or as part of pasture. ... Bisi bele bath (Kannada:ಬಿಸಿ ಬೇಳೆ ಭಾತ್) is a rice-based dish unique to the state of Karnataka, India. ... Jolada rotti ( in Kannada) is a specialty North Karnataka unleavened Indian bread made out of jowar. ... Ragi mudde Ragi mudde (Kannada: ) is a food item unique to the state of Karnataka, India. ... Upma (Tamil), also known as Uppindi in Telugu and Uppittu in Kannada, is a wholesome Indian dish made of Wheat Rava. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Dosa. ... Maddur Vada Maddur vada (Kannada: ) is a snack item which is unique to the state of Karnataka, India. ... Mysore pak is a sweet dish of Karnataka, usually served as dessert. ... Dharwad Peda is a sweet dish made of milk and sugar. ...


Religion

The Gomateswara (982-983) monolith at Shravanabelagola, one of the foremost centers of Jain pilgrimage today
The Gomateswara (982-983) monolith at Shravanabelagola, one of the foremost centers of Jain pilgrimage today

The three most important schools of Hindu philosophy, Advaita, Vishistadvaita and Dvaita blossomed in Karnataka.[84] While Madhvacharya was born in Karnataka, Adi Shankaracharya chose Sringeri in Karnataka to establish the first of his four mathas. Ramanujacharya, who fled persecution by the Cholas in modern Tamil Nadu, spent many years in Melkote.[85] In the twelfth century, Veerashaivism emerged in northern Karnataka as a protest against the rigidity of the prevailing social and caste system. Leading figures of this movement were Basava, Akka Mahadevi and Allama Prabhu, who established the Anubhava Mantapa where the philosophy of Shakti Vishishtadvaita was expounded. This was the basis of the Lingayat faith which today counts millions among its followers.[86] The Jain philosophy and literature have contributed immensely to the religious and cultural landscape of Karnataka. // Main article: Religion in Karnataka Karnataka played a very important role in shaping present day Indian religion and philosophy. ... Haridasa (haridasaru in Kannada) movement is considered as one of the turning points in Indian history. ... Lingayatism is a religious movement in India. ... Image File history File links The image shows the 58 foot, 8 inch statue of the Jain prophet Gomatheswara. ... Image File history File links The image shows the 58 foot, 8 inch statue of the Jain prophet Gomatheswara. ... The statue of Gomatheswara dates from 978-993 AD. Shravanabelagola is a city located in the Hassan district, in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Advaita Vedanta is probably the best known of all Vedanta schools of Hinduism, the others being Dvaita and Vishishtadvaita. ... The book, All about Hinduism by Swami Sivananda discusses aspects of Vishisthadvaita, theological school founded by Ramanuja. ... Dvaita (Devanagari:द्बैत, Kannada:ದ್ವೈತ) (also known as Tattvavada and Bheda-vada), a school of Vedanta (the most widespread Hindu philosophy) founded by Madhvacharya, stresses a strict distinction between God (Vishnu) and the individual living beings (jivas). ... For Madhavacharya the Advaita saint, see Madhava Vidyaranya. ... Sri Adi Sankara Adi Shankaracharya or Adi Shankara (the first Shankara in his lineage), reverentially called Bhagavatpada Acharya (the teacher at the feet of Lord), Shankara (approximately 509- 477 BC (though some claim 788-820 CE)) was the most famous Advaita philosopher who had a profound influence on the growth... Sringeri is the site of the first matha established by the Adi Sankaracharya, the 8th century Hindu reformer and exponent of the Advaita Vedanta philosophy. ... A maÅ£ha (also written math, matha or mutt) is a term for monastic and similar religious establishments of the Hindu and Jain traditions. ... Sri Ramanuja Acharya (1017 - 1137 AD) was an Indian philosopher and is recognized as the most important saint of Sri Vaishnavism. ... Melkote (spelled Melu-kote) in Pandavapura taluk of Mandya District, Karnataka, is one of the sacred places in Karnataka. ... Virasaivism is a religious movement of Hinduism in India. ... Basava (also known as Basaveshwara (Kannada:ಬಸವೇಶ್ವರ) or Basavanna(ಬಸವಣ್ಣ) 1134–1196) was a philosopher and a social reformer. ... Akka Mahadevi (ಅಕ್ಕ ಮಹಾದೇವಿ) was a prominent figure of the Veerashaiva Bhakti movement in the 12th Century Karnataka. ... Allama Prabhu(ca 1150) was a mystic Veerashaiva saint and poet of the 12th century. ... Anubhava Mantapa (Kannada: ಅನುಭವ ಮಂಟಪ) was an academy of mystics, saints and philosophers of the Veerashaiva faith in the 12th century. ... Virasaivism is a religious movement of Hinduism in India. ... JAIN is an activity within the Java Community Process, developing APIs for the creation of telephony (voice and data) services. ...


Islam, which had an early presence on the west coast of India as early as the tenth century, gained a foothold in Karnataka with the rise of the Bahamani and Bijapur sultanates that ruled parts of Karnataka.[87] Christianity reached Karnataka in the sixteenth century with the arrival of the Portuguese and St. Francis Xavier in 1545.[88] Buddhism was popular in Karnataka during the first millennium in places such as Gulbarga and Banavasi. A chance discovery of edicts and several Mauryan relics at Sannati in Gulbarga district in 1986 has proven that the Krishna River basin was once home to both Mahayana and Hinayana Buddhism. For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... This article is about the person. ... Gulbarga is a town in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Banavasi ಬನವಾಸಿ is an ancient temple town on the border of Uttara Kannada District and Shimoga district in the south Indian state of Karnataka. ... Chandragupta Maurya (ruled 322–298 BC), known to the Greeks as Sandracottus, was the first emperor of the Mauryan empire. ... Gulbarga District Gulbarga District is situated between 76°.04 and 77°.42 east longitude, and 16°.12 and 17°.46 north latitude, covering an area of 16,224 square kilometres. ... Relief image of the bodhisattva Kuan Yin from Mt. ... Hinayana (Sanskrit: inferior vehicle; Chinese:小乘, Xiǎoshèng; Japanese: Shōjō) is a term coined by the Mahayana, which appeared publicly around the 1st century CE. There are differing views on the use and meaning of the term, both among scholars and within Buddhism. ...


Mysore Dasara is celebrated as the Nada habba (state festival) and this is marked by major festivities at Mysore.[89] Ugadi (Kannada New Year), Makara Sankranti (the harvest festival), Ganesh Chaturthi, Nagapanchami, Basava Jayanthi and Ramzan are the other major festivals of Karnataka. A lit up Mysore Palace, the epicenter of all Dasara festivities held in Mysore Dasara is the Nadahabba (state-festival) of the state of Karnataka. ... Ugadi (Telugu: ఉగాది, Kannada: ಉಗಾದಿ) (literally - the start of an era) is the new years day for the people of the Deccan region of India. ... Makar Sankranti is a mid-winter festival of India and Nepal. ... Lord Ganesh Shiva Ganesh Chaturthi (IAST: , sanskrit: गणेश चतुर्थी) (Ganesh Festival) is a day on which Lord Ganesha, the son of Shiva and Parvati, is believed to bestow his presence on earth for all his devotees. ... Nagaradhane or snake worship, along with Bhuta Kola is one of the unique traditions, prevalent in coastal districts of Dakshina Kannada and Udupi in Karnataka. ... Basava Jayanthi is the most important festival of the Lingayats. ... Ramadan or Ramadhan (Arabic: رمضان ) is the ninth month of the Islamic year. ...


Language

Halmidi inscription (450 CE) is the earliest attested inscription in Kannada language
Halmidi inscription (450 CE) is the earliest attested inscription in Kannada language

The Kannada language is the official language of the state and is the native language of approximately 65% of Karnataka's population.[90] Kannada played a crucial role in the creation of Karnataka since linguistic demographics was a major criterion chosen to create the state in 1956. Tulu, Kodava Takk and Konkani are other major native languages that share a long history in the state. Urdu is spoken widely by the Muslim population. Less widely spoken languages include Beary bashe and certain dialects such as Sankethi. Kannada features a rich and ancient body of literature covering topics as diverse as Jainism, Vachanas, and Haridasa Sahitya. Evidence from edicts during the time of Ashoka the Great suggest that the Kannada script and its literature were influenced by Buddhist literature. The Halmidi inscription, the earliest attested full-length inscription in the Kannada language and script, is dated to 450 CE while the earliest available literary work, the Kavirajamarga, has been dated to 850 CE. References made in the Kavirajamarga, however, prove that Kannada literature flourished in the Chattana, Beddande and Melvadu metres during earlier centuries.[91] “Kannada” redirects here. ... Tulu is one of the minor languages of India with under 2,000,000 speakers. ... Kodava Takk, often called Coorgi or Coorg language in English, is the original language of the south Karnataka district of Kodagu. ... Konkani language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator Konkani (DevanāgarÄ«: कोंकणी, Roman: Konknni, Kannada: ಕೊಂಕಣಿ, Malayalam: കൊംകണീ, IAST: ) is a language of India, and belongs to the Indo-European family of languages. ... Kannada literature refers to the literature in Kannada language spoken mainly in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 405 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1228 × 1818 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 405 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1228 × 1818 pixel, file size: 2. ... The Halmidi inscription is so far the oldest known Kannada inscription in the Kannada script. ... “Kannada” redirects here. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... Beary bashe or Nakknik baase is a Dravidian language spoken by a religious minority of Muslim community called Bearys in a region known as Tulunadu in the state of Karnataka. ... Sankethi is distinct from Tamil and is now an independent language according to Dravidian linguists such as Hampa Nagarajaiah. ... Jain and Jaina redirect here. ... The vachanas are a body of work, and a form of writing, in Kannada. ... Haridasa (haridasaru in Kannada) movement is considered as one of the turning points in Indian history. ... Ashoka redirects here. ... The Halmidi inscription is so far the oldest known Kannada inscription in the Kannada script. ... Sri Vijaya, the court poet of Amoghavarsha Nripathunga, the Rashtrakuta ruler, composed it in the 9 Th centuries A.D. It is considered that Sri Vijaya did the first literary works in 9th Century A.D. This work is generally held to be the earliest literary work in Kannada. ...

Rashtrakavi Kuvempu, a doyen of 20th century Kannada literature
Rashtrakavi Kuvempu, a doyen of 20th century Kannada literature

Kuvempu, the renowned Kannada poet and writer who wrote Jaya Bharata Jananiya Tanujate, the state anthem of Karnataka[92] was the first recipient of the "Karnataka Ratna" award, the highest civilian award bestowed by the Government of Karnataka. Contemporary Kannada literature is well recognized in the arena of Indian literature, with seven Kannada writers winning India's highest literary honour, the Jnanpith award, which is the highest for any language in India.[93] Tulu is spoken mainly in the coastal districts of Udupi and Dakshina Kannada. Tulu Mahabharato, written by Arunabja in Tulu script, is the oldest surviving Tulu text.[94] The Tulu language now uses the Kannada script due to the gradual decline of the Tulu script, which was in use until a few centuries ago. The Kodavas who mainly reside in the Kodagu district, speak Kodava Takk. Two regional variations of the language exist, the northern Mendale Takka and the southern Kiggaati Takka.[95] Konkani is mostly spoken in the Uttara Kannada district and in some parts of the Udupi and Dakshina Kannada districts. Both Kodava Takk and Konkani use the Kannada script for writing. English is the medium of education in many schools and widely used for business communication in technology-related companies and BPOs. Image File history File links Kuvempu. ... Image File history File links Kuvempu. ... Kuvempu - (ಕುವೆಂಪು) is the pen name of a well-known Kannada writer/poet of the 20th century, Kuppalli Venkatappa Puttappa (29 December 1904 - 1994). ... Kannada literature refers to the literature in Kannada language spoken mainly in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Kuvempu - (ಕುವೆಂಪು) is the pen name of a well-known Kannada writer/poet of the 20th century, Kuppalli Venkatappa Puttappa (29 December 1904 - 1994). ... Jaya Bharata Jananiya Tanujate (Kannada:ಜಯ ಭಾರತ ಜನನಿಯ ತನುಜಾತೆ) is a Kannada poem, which was composed by the Indian poet Kuvempu . ... Karnataka Ratna (Kannada:ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ ರತ್ನ) is the highest civilian honour of the State of Karnataka. ... The government of Karnataka is a democratically elected body with the Governer as the constitutional head. ... Kannada literature refers to the literature in Kannada language spoken mainly in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... The Jnanpith Award (ज्ञानपीठ पुरस्कार) is the highest literary honour conferred in the Republic of India. ... , For other uses, see Udupi (disambiguation). ... Location of Dakshina Kannada district with respect to the other districts of Karnataka. ... Tulu script Not very long ago, Tulu had its own written script. ... Language(s) Kodava Takk Religion(s) Hinduism, Christianity Related ethnic groups Aryan people, Dravidian people Brahuis Kannadigas Malayalis Tamils Telugus Tuluvas Yeravas Kurubas Male-Kudiyas Holayas The Kodava (ಕೊಡವ in Kannada script) are a people of southern India, most of whom trace their orgins to the region of Kodagu. ... Location of the Kodagu district with respect to the other districts of Karnataka. ... Location of Uttara Kannada district with respect to the other districts of Karnataka. ... Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) is the leveraging of technology or specialist process vendors to provide and manage an organisations critical and/or non-critical enterprise processes and applications. ...


All of the state's languages are patronised and promoted by governmental and quasi-governmental bodies. The Kannada Sahitya Parishat and the Kannada Sahitya Akademi are responsible for the promotion of Kannada while the Karnataka Konkani Sahitya Akademi,[96] The Tulu Sahitya Akademi and the Kodava Sahitya Akademi promote their respective languages. Kannada Saahithya Parishath (Kannada: ಕನ್ನಡ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯ ಪರಿಷತ್ತು, literally Kannada literature organisation) is an Indian non-profit organisation that promotes the Kannada language. ...


Education

Indian Institute of Science, one of the premier institutes of India located in Bangalore
Indian Institute of Science, one of the premier institutes of India located in Bangalore

As per the 2001 census, Karnataka had a literacy rate of 67.04%, with 76.29% of males and 57.45% of females in the state being literate.[97] The state is home to some of the premier educational and research institutions of India such as the Indian Institute of Science, the Indian Institute of Management, the National Institute of Technology Karnataka and the National Law School of India University. In India, Karnataka has the highest number of educational institutions in the fields of engineering and medical sciences. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 289 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo taken by Sheeju Chandran I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 289 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo taken by Sheeju Chandran I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) is a premier post-graduate institution of research and higher learning located in Bengaluru (formerly Bangalore), India. ... Literacy is the ability to use text to communicate across space and time. ... The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) is a premier post-graduate institution of research and higher learning located in Bengaluru (formerly Bangalore), India. ... The Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) are the premier management schools of India, located in the cities of Bangalore, Ahmedabad, Indore, Kolkata, Kozhikode and Lucknow. ... The National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Surathkal, popularly known as KREC, is a premier autonomous university along the western shores of India. ... The National Law School of India University (NLSIU or NLS) is an institution for under-graduate and graduate legal education. ...


As of March 2006, Karnataka had 54,529 primary schools with 252,875 teachers and 8.495 million students,[98] and 9498 secondary schools with 92,287 teachers and 1.384 million students.[98] There are three kinds of schools in the state, viz., government-run, private aided (financial aid is provided by the government) and private unaided (no financial aid is provided). The primary languages of instruction in most schools are Kannada and English. The syllabus taught in the schools is either of the CBSE, the ICSE or the state syllabus defined by the Department of Public Instruction of the Government of Karnataka. In order to maximize attendance in schools, the Karnataka Government has launched a mid-day meal scheme in government and aided schools in which free lunch is provided to the students.[99] Statewide board examinations are conducted at the end of the period of secondary education and students who qualify are allowed to pursue a two-year pre-university course; after which students become eligible to pursue under-graduate degrees. CBSE redirects here. ... The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) examination is an examination conducted by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations for class 10, i. ... The government of Karnataka is a democratically elected body with the Governer as the constitutional head. ... The Secondary School Leaving Certificate (SSLC) follows pattern of 10+2+3. ... Pre University Course, popularly known as PUC is an intermediate course of duration two years conducted by state education boards in India. ... A bachelors degree is usually an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts for three, four, or in some cases and countries, five or six years. ...


There are 481 degree colleges affiliated with one of the universities in the state, viz. Bangalore University, Gulbarga University, Karnatak University, Kuvempu University, Mangalore University and Mysore University[100] In 1998, the engineering colleges in the state were brought under the newly-formed Visvesvaraya Technological University headquartered at Belgaum, whereas the medical colleges are run under the jurisdiction of the Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences. Some of these baccalaureate colleges are accredited with the status of a deemed university. There are 123 engineering, 35 medical and 40 dental colleges in the state.[101] Siddaganga, Sirigere, Suttur, Chitradurga, Udupi, Sringeri, Gokarna and Melkote are well-known places of Sanskrit and Vedic learning. A university is an institution of higher education and of research, which grants academic degrees. ... Bangalore University is a public university located in Bangalore, Karnataka State, India. ... // Gulbarga University was a post graduation centre of Karnatak University, India. ... Karnatak University (Kannada: ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ್ ವಿಶ್ವವಿದ್ಯಾನಿಲಯ) was established in 1949 at Mumbai. ... Kuvempu University, the youngest of the affiliating Universities in Karnataka State, came into existence on 29-06-1987. ... Mangalore University is a university in Mangalore India. ... st. ... Visvesvaraya Technological University, is a University in Karnataka, India The University has jurisdiction throughout Karnataka and at present 141 Engineering colleges are affiliated to it. ... , Belgaum (proposed to be renamed Belagaavi) (Kannada: ಬೆಳಗಾವಿ, Marathi: बेळगांव;  ), also known as Belgaon, is a city and a municipal corporation in Belgaum district in the state of Karnataka, India. ... Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Science is unitary univesity set up by Government of Karnataka for regulating and promotion of health science. ... Deemed University is a status of autonomy granted to high performing institutes and departments of various universities in India. ... The Famous Chitradurga Fort Chitradurga (ಚಿತ್ರದುರ್ಗ in Kannada) is a city located in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... , For other uses, see Udupi (disambiguation). ... Sringeri is the site of the first matha established by the Adi Sankaracharya, the 8th century Hindu reformer and exponent of the Advaita Vedanta philosophy. ... Gokarna meaning Cows Ear is a small town situated in North Kannada district coastal Karnataka, India. ... Melkote (spelled Melu-kote) in Pandavapura taluk of Mandya District, Karnataka, is one of the sacred places in Karnataka. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... The Vedas are part of the Hindu Shruti; these religious scriptures form part of the core of the Brahminical and Vedic traditions within Hinduism and are the inspirational, metaphysical and mythological foundation for later Vedanta, Yoga, Tantra and even Bhakti forms of Hinduism. ...


Media

Main article: Media in Karnataka

The era of Kannada newspapers started in the year 1843 when Hermann Mögling, a missionary from Basel Mission, published the first Kannada newspaper called Mangalooru Samachara in Mangalore. The first Kannada periodical, Mysuru Vrittanta Bodhini was started by Bhashyam Bhashyacharya in Mysore. Shortly after Indian independence in 1948, K. N. Guruswamy founded The Printers (Mysore) Private Limited and began publishing two newspapers, the Deccan Herald and Prajavani. Presently the Times of India and Vijaya Karnataka are the largest-selling English and Kannada newspapers respectively.[102][103] A vast number of weekly, biweekly and monthly magazines are under publication in both Kannada and English. The state of Karnataka in India has been in the fore-front of communication with the first private radio station being started in Mysore in the year 1935. ... Portrait of Hermann Mögling, © Kamats Potpourri Hermann Mögling (1811-1881) was a German missionary from the Basel Mission who spent most of his career in the western regions of the state of Karnataka, India. ... For other uses, see Missionary (disambiguation). ... The Basel Mission is a missionary society that operates around the world. ... The Deccan Herald is the largest English-language daily newspaper in the state of Karnataka in India. ... Prajavani (voice of the people in Kannada) is the sister publication of the Deccan Herald. ... The Common Man featured on a commemorative stamp released by the Indian Postal Service on the 150th Anniversary of the Times of India - 1988. ... Vijaya Karnataka is a Kannada newspaper. ...


Doordarshan is the broadcaster of the Government of India and its channel DD Chandana is dedicated to Kannada. Prominent Kannada channels include ETV Kannada, Zee Kannada, Udaya TV, Ushe TV, U2, TV 9 and Kasturi TV.[104] Doordarshan (sometimes DoorDarshan; ) is a Public broadcast Terrestrial television channel run by Prasar Bharati, a board nominated by the Government of India. ... The Government of India (Hindi: भारत सरकार [1]Bhārat Sarkār), officially referred to as the Union Government, and commonly as Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of a federal union of 28 states and 7 union territories, collectively called the Republic of... DD Chandana (ಡಿಡಿ ಚಂದನ) is a Kannada channel owned and operated by Prasar Bharathi under Doordarshan; supported by Doordarshan studios in Bangalore and Gulbarga. ... DD Chandana Zee Kannada ETV Kannada Udaya TV Udaya News Ushe U2 ... The ETV Kannada Logo One of the Kannada language TV Channel in Karnataka, India. ... Zee Kannada is a 24 hour Kannada-language channel that launched in May 2006 and is owned by Zee Network. ... Logo of Udaya TV Udaya TV (Kannada: ) is a regional Kannada language Indian cable television station. ... Ushe TV is a regional Kannada language Indian cable television station. ... U2 (Udaya 2) is Kannada music channel which is a part of the Sun Network. ... TV 9 is a 24 hour Kannada language news television channel that was launched on 22nd June, 2006. ... Kasturi (Kannada: ಕಸ್ತೂರಿ) is a 24 hour Kannada language television channel that was launched on 26 September 2007. ...


Karnataka occupies a special place in the history of Indian radio. In 1935, Aakashvani, the first private radio station in India, was started by Prof. M.V. Gopalaswamy at Mysore.[105] The popular radio station was taken over by the local municipality and later by All India Radio (AIR) and moved to Bangalore in 1955. Later in 1957, AIR adopted the original name of the radio station, Aakashavani as its own. Some of the popular programs aired by AIR Bangalore included Nisarga Sampada and Sasya Sanjeevini which were programs that taught science through songs, plays and stories. These two programs became so popular that they were translated and broadcasted in 18 different languages and the entire series was recorded on cassettes by the Government of Karnataka and distributed to thousands of schools across the state.[105] Recently, Karnataka has witnessed a growth in FM radio channels mainly in the city of Bangalore which has around 10 such channels and these have become hugely popular.[106][107] , For other uses, see Mysore (disambiguation). ... For the electronica band, see All India Radio (band). ...


Sports

Main article: Sports in Karnataka
Anil Kumble, the captain of current Indian Test team, is the highest wicket-taker for India in international cricket
Anil Kumble, the captain of current Indian Test team, is the highest wicket-taker for India in international cricket

Karnataka's smallest district, Kodagu, is a major contributor to Indian field hockey, producing numerous players who have represented India at the international level.[108] The annual Kodava Hockey Festival is the largest hockey tournament in the world.[109] Bangalore has hosted a WTA tennis event and, in 1997, it hosted the fourth National Games of India.[110] The Sports Authority of India, the premier sports institute in the country, and the Nike Tennis Academy are also situated in Bangalore. Karnataka has been referred to as the cradle of Indian swimming because of its high standards in comparison to other states.[111] Chinnaswamy Stadium in Bangalore hosting an International cricket match Rahul Dravid, the captain of the Indian cricket team also represents Karnataka in the Ranji Trophy Cricket is by far the most popular sport in Karnataka with International cricket matches attracting a sizeable amount of spectators who are willing to pay... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Anil Radhakrishna Kumble (Kannada:ಅನಿಲ್‌ ರಾಧಾಕೃಷ್ಣ ಕುಂಬ್ಳೆ)   (born 17 October 1970 in Bangalore, Karnataka) is an Indian cricketer and currently the highest wicket-taker for India in both One-day International and Test matches. ... International Cricket is an NES cricket game that was only released in Australia. ... Location of the Kodagu district with respect to the other districts of Karnataka. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The clan of Kodavas in the Indian state of Karnataka have a long history of association with the game of field hockey. ... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... The Womens Tennis Association, formed in 1973, is the principal organizing body of womens professional tennis. ... For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ... Nike, Inc. ...


One of the most popular sports in Karnataka is cricket. The state cricket team has won the Ranji Trophy six times, second only to Mumbai in terms of success.[112] Chinnaswamy Stadium in Bangalore regularly hosts international matches and is also the home of the National Cricket Academy, which was opened in 2000 to nurture potential international players. Many cricketers have represented India and in some international matches held in the 1990s; players from Karnataka composed the majority of the national team.[113][114] Sports like kho kho, kabaddi, chinni daandu and goli (marbles) are played mostly in Karnataka's rural areas. This article is about the sport. ... Anil Kumble, one of the popular cricketers from Karnataka One of the strongest teams in the Ranji Trophy Elite Group, the Karnataka cricket team has seen its fair share of glory in the Ranji Trophy tournament and has produced some of the finest superstars to emerge in the Indian cricket... The Ranji Trophy is the domestic first-class cricket championship played in India between state and city sides, equivalent to county cricket in England and the Sheffield Shield in Australia, and also denotes the trophy that is awarded to the winner. ... The Mumbai cricket team is one of the top cricket teams in the Ranji Trophy, Indias top domestic competition. ... The M. Chinnaswamy Stadium is one of the premier cricket stadiums of India, located in Bangalore, Karnataka. ... International Cricket is an NES cricket game that was only released in Australia. ... The National Academy at Loughborough University The England and Wales Cricket Board National Academy first came into existence in the winter of 2001-2002 and has been based at Loughborough University since 2003. ... Anil Kumble, one of the popular cricketers from Karnataka One of the strongest teams in the Ranji Trophy Elite Group, the Karnataka cricket team has seen its fair share of glory in the Ranji Trophy tournament and has produced some of the finest superstars to emerge in the Indian cricket... Kho Kho is an Indian sport played by teams of twelve players who try to avoid being touched by members of the opposing team. ... Kabaddi (sometimes written Kabbadi or Kabadi) (Telugu: , Punjabi: , Marathi: , Hindi: ,Urdu: ; IPA: ) is a team sport originally from the Indian subcontinent. ... Chinni Daandu or Gilli Daandu is a game popular in southern parts of India, Karnataka in particular. ... Hand-made marbles from West Africa Different glass marbles from a glass-mill For other uses, see Marbles (disambiguation). ...


Notable sportsmen from Karnataka include Prakash Padukone who won the All England Badminton Championships in 1980 and Pankaj Advani who has won three world titles in cue sports by the age of 20 including the amateur World Snooker Championship in 2003 and the World Billiards Championship in 2005.[115][116] Prakash Padukone (born June 10, 1955) is a famous badminton player from India. ... The All England Open Badminton Championships is one of the worlds oldest and most prestigious badminton tournaments. ... Pankaj Advani (born July 24, 1985, Bangalore) is a professional snooker player from India. ... Illustration of a three ball pocket billiards game in early 19th century Tübingen, Germany, using a table much longer than the modern type. ...


Flora and fauna

Main article: Wildlife of Karnataka
The state bird, Indian Roller
The state bird, Indian Roller

Karnataka has a rich diversity of flora and fauna. It has a recorded forest area of 38,720 km² (14,950 sq mi) which constitutes 20.19% of the total geographical area of the state. These forests support 25% of the elephant and 10% of the tiger population of India. Many regions of Karnataka are as yet unexplored, so new species of flora and fauna are found periodically. The Western Ghats, a biodiversity hotspot, includes the western region of Karnataka. Two sub-clusters in the Western Ghats, viz. Talacauvery and Kudremukh, both in Karnataka, are on the tentative list of World Heritage Sites of UNESCO.[117] The Bandipur and Nagarahole National Parks, which fall outside these subclusters, were included in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve in 1986, a UNESCO designation.[118] The Indian roller and the Indian elephant are recognized as the state bird and animal while sandalwood and the lotus are recognized as the state tree and flower respectively. Karnataka has five national parks: Anshi, Bandipur, Bannerghatta, Kudremukh and Nagarhole.[119] It also has 25 wildlife sanctuaries of which seven are bird sanctuaries[119]. Indian Roller, (Coracias benghalensis), the state bird Young sapling of sandalwood (Santalum album), the state tree The state of Karnataka located in South India has a rich diversity of flora and fauna. ... Image File history File links Coraciasbenghalensis. ... Image File history File links Coraciasbenghalensis. ... Binomial name Coracias benghalensis (Linnaeus, 1758) The Indian Roller also earlier locally incorrectly called the Blue Jay, (Coracias benghalensis) is a member of the roller family of birds which breeds in tropical southern Asia from Iraq to Thailand. ... Genera and Species Loxodonta Loxodonta cyclotis Loxodonta africana Elephas Elephas maximus Elephas antiquus † Elephas beyeri † Elephas celebensis † Elephas cypriotes † Elephas ekorensis † Elephas falconeri † Elephas iolensis † Elephas planifrons † Elephas platycephalus † Elephas recki † Stegodon † Mammuthus † Elephantidae (the elephants) is a family of pachyderm, and the only remaining family in the order Proboscidea... For other uses, see Tiger (disambiguation). ... The Agasthiyamalai range of the Western Ghats The Western Ghats are a mountain range in India. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Categories: Stub ... , Kuduremukha( ಕುದುರೆಮುಖ in Kannada ) is a mountain range in Chikmagalur district, in Karnataka, India. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Binomial name Coracias benghalensis (Linnaeus, 1758) The Indian Roller also earlier locally incorrectly called the Blue Jay, (Coracias benghalensis) is a member of the roller family of birds which breeds in tropical southern Asia from Iraq to Thailand. ... Trinomial name Elephas maximus indicus Cuvier, 1798 The Indian Elephant, Elephas maximus indicus, is one of three subspecies of the Asian elephant, the largest population of which is found in India. ... The branches of a young sandalwood tree found in Hawaii Sandalwood is the fragrant wood of trees in the genus Santalum. ... Species Between 70-150 species; see text The genus Lotus (Birds-foot Trefoil, Trefoil or Deervetch) contains approximately 150 species distributed world-wide. ... A national park located in the North Kannada district of Karnataka, in India. ... Bandipur National Park is one of Indias best known sanctuaries, and is an important Project Tiger reserve. ... A panther at Bannerghatta Zoo Bannerghatta National Park is situated 22 km south of Bangalore, Karnataka, India. ... A national park which extends over tho districts of Karnataka in India which are: Dakshin Kannada and Chikmaglur. ... Nagarhole National Park (also known as Rajiv Gandhi National Park) is located 94 km away from Mysore. ...


Wild animals that are found in Karnataka include the elephant, the tiger, the leopard, the gaur, the sambar deer, the chital or spotted deer, the muntjac, the bonnet macaque, the slender loris, the common palm civet, the small Indian civet, the sloth bear, the dhole, the striped hyena and the golden jackal. Some of the birds found here are the Great Hornbill, the Malabar Pied Hornbill, the Ceylon frogmouth, herons, ducks, kites, eagles, falcons, quails, partridges, lapwings, sandpipers, pigeons, doves, parakeets, cuckoos, owls, nightjars, swifts, kingfishers, bee-eaters and munias.[119] Some species of trees found in Karnataka are Callophyllum tomentosa, Callophyllum wightianum, Garcina cambogia, Garcina morealla, Alstonia scholaris, Flacourtia montana, Artocarpus hirsutus, Artocarpus lacoocha, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Grewia tilaefolia, Santalum album, Shorea talura, Emblica officinalis, Vitex altissima and Wrightia tinctoria. Wildlife in Karnataka is threatened by poaching, habitat destruction, human-wildlife conflict and pollution.[119] Binomial name Elephas maximus Linnaeus, 1758 The Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) is a species of elephant formerly known as the Indian Elephant. ... Binomial name Panthera tigris (Linnaeus, 1758) Tigers (Panthera tigris) are mammals of the Felidae family, one of four big cats that belong to the Panthera genus. ... This page is about the animal. ... Binomial name Bos gaurus H. Smith, 1827 The Gaur (Bos gaurus, previously Bibos gauris) is a large, dark-coated ox of the hilly areas of South Asia and Southeast Asia, which may be found wild or domesticated. ... Binomial name Cervus unicolor (Kerr, 1792) The sambar is a deer and a member of the family Cervidae. ... Binomial name Axis axis (Erxleben, 1777) The chital (also spelled cheetal) or spotted deer is a large spotted deer which commonly inhabits wooded regions of Sri Lanka and most of India. ... Binomial name Muntiacus muntjak Zimmermann, 1780 The Common Muntjac, also called Indian Muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak) is the most numerous muntjac deer species. ... Binomial name Macaca radiata (E. Geoffroy, 1812) The Bonnet Macaque (Macaca radiata) is a macaque living in India. ... Binomial name Loris tardigradus Linneaus, 1758 The Red Slender Loris (Loris tardigradus) is a small, nocturnal prosimian native to India and Sri Lanka. ... Binomial name Paradoxurus hermaphroditus Pallas, 1777 The Common Palm Civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus), or Asian Palm Civet, is a cat-sized mammal in the family Viverridae native to South-east Asia and southern China. ... Binomial name Desmarest, 1804 The Small Indian Civet (Viverricula indica), also called the Rasse, is a species of civet found across south and south-east Asia as well as in the Indonesian archipelago. ... Binomial name Melursus ursinus (Shaw, 1791) The Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus) is a nocturnal bear with shaggy fur which inhabits the lowland forests of India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. ... See also H. P. Lovecrafts fictional monster Dhole Binomial name Cuon alpinus (Pallas, 1811) The Dhole (Cuon alpinus) is a mammal of the Canidae family. ... Binomial name Hyaena hyaena (Linnaeus, 1758) The Striped Hyena (Hyaena hyaena) is closely related to the Brown Hyena, but lives in northern Africa, the Middle East, and western India. ... Binomial name Canis aureus Linnaeus, 1758 Golden Jackals (Canis aureus), also called Asiatic or Common Jackals, are small jackals native to northern and central Africa and southern Asia. ... Binomial name Buceros bicornis Linnaeus, 1758 The Great Hornbill, Buceros bicornis also known as Greater Indian Hornbill, is the largest member of the hornbill family. ... Binomial name Anthracoceros coronatus (Boddaert, 1783) The Malabar Pied Hornbill (Anthracoceros coronatus) is a hornbill. ... Binomial name Batrachostomus moniliger Blyth, 1849 The Sri Lanka Frogmouth, Batrachostomus moniliger, is a relatively small frogmouth. ... For other uses, see Falcon (disambiguation). ... Genera Coturnix Anurophasis Perdicula Ophrysia † See also Pheasant, Partridge, Grouse Quail is a collective name for several genera of mid-sized birds in the pheasant family Phasianidae, or in the family Odontophoridae. ... For other uses, see Partridge (disambiguation). ... Genera Erthrogonys Vanellus Lapwings are medium-sized wading birds belonging to the subfamily Vanellinae of the family Charadriidae, which also includes the plovers and dotterels. ... Families Charadridae Jacanidae Rostratulidae Ibidorhynchidae Recurvirostridae Haematopodidae Scolopacidae Dromadidae Burhinidae Glareolidae Thinocoridae Waders, called Shorebirds in North America (where wader is used to refer to long-legged wading birds such as storks and herons), are members of the order Charadriiformes, excluding the more marine web-footed seabird groups. ... Budgerigar Parakeets A parakeet is a term for any one of a large number of unrelated small parrot species. ... “Goatsucker” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Swift (disambiguation). ... Families Alcedinidae Halcyonidae Cerylidae Kingfishers are birds of the three families Alcedinidae (river kingfishers), Halcyonidae (tree kingfishers), and Cerylidae (water kingfishers). ... Species see list The Munias, Mannikins and Silverbills are small passerine birds in the genus Lonchura of the estrildid finch family. ... Species See text Alstonia is a widespread genus of evergreen trees and shrubs from the dogbane family (Apocynaceae). ... Species See text Artocarpus is a genus of about 60 trees of Southeast Asian origin and the Pacific, belonging to the mulberry family Moraceae. ... Species See text Artocarpus is a genus of about 60 trees of Southeast Asian origin and the Pacific, belonging to the mulberry family Moraceae. ... Species See text Cinnamomum is a genus of evergreen trees and shrubs belonging to the Laurel family, Lauraceae. ... Grewioideae is a subfamily of the Malvaceae family. ... Species see text Santalum is a genus of woody flowering plants, the most well known and commercially valuable of which is the Indian Sandalwood tree, . Members of the genus are trees or shrubs. ... Species About 360 species, including: Shorea academia Shorea acuminata Shorea acuminatissima Shorea affinis Shorea agamii Shorea albida Shorea almon Shorea amplexicaulis Shorea aptera Shorea argentifolia Shorea assamica Shorea atrinervosa Shorea balangeran Shorea beccariana Shorea bracteolata Shorea brunnescens Shorea collina Shorea compressa Shorea congestiflora Shorea contorta Shorea cordifolia Shorea crassa Shorea... Diversity About 800 species This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Species About 250 species, including: Vitex altissima Vitex agnus-castus Vitex capitata Vitex cofassus Vitex divaricata Vitex doniana Vitex incisa Vitex keniensis Vitex leucoxylon Vitex lignum-vitae Vitex lindenii Vitex lucens Vitex negundo Vitex parviflora Vitex peduncularis Vitex quinata Vitex rotundifolia Vitex trifolia Vitex zeyheri Vitex is a genus of... Species 23 species, including: Wrightia antidysenterica Wrightia arborea Wrightia coccinea Wrightia laevis Wrightia pubescens Wrightia religiosa Wrightia sikkimensis Wrightia tinctoria Wrightia is a genus of 23 species of flowering plants in the Apocynaceae (dogbane) family, native to tropical Africa, Asia and Australia. ...


Tourism

Main article: Karnataka tourism
Gol Gumbaz at Bijapur, has the second largest dome in the world
Gol Gumbaz at Bijapur, has the second largest dome in the world

By virtue of its varied geography and long history, Karnataka hosts numerous spots of interest for tourists. There is an array of ancient sculptured temples, modern cities, scenic hill ranges, unexplored forests and endless beaches. Karnataka has been ranked as the fourth most popular destination for tourism among the states of India.[120] Karnataka has the second highest number of nationally protected monuments in India, second only to Uttar Pradesh,[121] in addition to 752 monuments protected by the State Directorate of Archaeology and Museums. Another 25,000 monuments are yet to receive protection.[122] Karnataka, the eighth largest state in India, is a veritable treasure trove of tourist delights. ... Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 634 KB)Gol Gumbaz - photo taken during a family trip to Bijapur This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 634 KB)Gol Gumbaz - photo taken during a family trip to Bijapur This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Gol Gumbaz is the mausoleum of Muhammad Adil Shah II (1627-57). ... Bijapur (Kannada: ವಿಜಾಪುರ) is a district headquarters of the Bijapur District in the state of Karnataka. ...

Mysore Palace at Mysore is one of the most visited monuments in India.
Mysore Palace at Mysore is one of the most visited monuments in India.[123]

The districts of the Western ghats and the southern districts of the state have popular eco-tourism locations including Kudremukh, Madikeri and Agumbe. Karnataka has 25 wildlife sanctuaries and five national parks. Popular among them are Bandipur National Park, Bannerghatta National Park and Nagarhole National Park. The ruins of the Vijayanagara Empire at Hampi and the monuments of Pattadakal are on the list of UNESCO's World Heritage Sites. The cave temples at Badami and the rock-cut temples at Aihole representing the Badami Chalukyan style of architecture are also popular tourist destinations. The Hoysala temples at Belur and Halebidu, which were built with Chloritic schist (soap stone) are proposed UNESCO World Heritage sites.[124] The Gol Gumbaz and Ibrahim Rauza are famous examples of the Deccan Sultanate style of architecture. The monolith of Gomateshwara at Shravanabelagola is the tallest sculpted monolith in the world, attracting tens of thousands of pilgrims during the Mahamastakabhisheka festival.[125] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x577, 422 KB) Summary http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x577, 422 KB) Summary http://www. ... Palace of Mysore The Palace of Mysore is a palace situated in the city of Mysore, southern India. ... , For other uses, see Mysore (disambiguation). ... The Agasthiyamalai range of the Western Ghats The Western Ghats are a mountain range in India. ... , Kuduremukha( ಕುದುರೆಮುಖ in Kannada ) is a mountain range in Chikmagalur district, in Karnataka, India. ... Madikeri ಮಡಿಕೇರಿ is the principal town of the district of Kodagu, in Karnataka state, southern India. ... Agumbe is one of the most scenic places on the Western Ghats of the Southern India. ... Bandipur National Park is one of Indias best known sanctuaries, and is an important Project Tiger reserve. ... A panther at Bannerghatta Zoo Bannerghatta National Park is situated 22 km south of Bangalore, Karnataka, India. ... Nagarhole National Park (also known as Rajiv Gandhi National Park) is located 94 km away from Mysore. ... Hampi (Kannada: ಹಂಪೆ, Hampe in Kannada) is a village in northern Karnataka state, India. ... Pattadakal (Kannada- ಪಟ್ಟದಕಲ್) is a town in the Indian state of Karnataka famous for its group of monuments that are the culmination of earliest experiments in vesara style of Hindu temple architecture. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Badami Cave Temple No 3. ... Aihole (Kannada ಐಹೊಳೆ)is in the Bagalkot district of Karnataka, India. ... Belur (Kannada:ಬೇಲೂರು) was the early capital of the Hoysala Empire. ... Halebidu (Kannada ಹಳೆಬೀಡು) is located in Hassan District, Karnataka, India. ... The lid of a soapstone box to show the characteristic look of the stone. ... Gol Gumbaz is the mausoleum of Muhammad Adil Shah II (1627-57). ... The statue of Gomatheswara dates from 978-993 AD. Gomateshwara is a monolithic statue standing at 60 feet above a hill in a place called Shravanabelagola in the Hassan district of Karnataka state, India. ... The Mahamasthakabhisheka (or Mahamasthak Abhishek) is an important Jain festival held once every twelve years in the town of Shravanabelagola in Karnataka state, India. ...

Durga Temple at Aihole - late 7th century, cradle of Hindu rock architecture

The waterfalls of Karnataka and Kudremukh National Park are listed as must-see places and among the "1001 Natural Wonders of the World".[126] Jog Falls is India's tallest single-tiered waterfall with Unchalli Falls, Magod Falls, Abbey Falls and Shivanasamudra Falls among other popular waterfalls. Several popular beaches dot the coastline including Murudeshwara, Gokarna and Karwar. In addition, Karnataka is home to several places of religious importance. Several Hindu temples including the famous Udupi Krishna Temple, the Marikamba Temple at Sirsi , the Sri Manjunatha Temple at Dharmasthala, Sri Subramanya Temple at Kukke and Sharadamba Temple at Sringeri attract pilgrims from all over India. Most of the holy sites of Lingayats, like Kudalasangama and Basavana Bagewadi, are found in northern parts of the state. Shravanabelagola, Mudabidri and Karkala are famous for Jain history and monuments. The Jaina faith had a stronghold in Karnataka in the early medieval period with Shravanabelagola as its most important center. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1369 KB) I clicked this picture from my legally bought digital camera. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1369 KB) I clicked this picture from my legally bought digital camera. ... Aihole (Kannada ಐಹೊಳೆ)is in the Bagalkot district of Karnataka, India. ... A national park which extends over tho districts of Karnataka in India which are: Dakshin Kannada and Chikmaglur. ... Jog Falls (Kannada-ಜೋಗ ಜಲಪಾತ ) is the highest untiered waterfalls in India, located in Shimoga District of Karnataka state. ... Jog Falls, Karnataka List of waterfalls in India is a list of the notable waterfalls in India. ... Unchalli Falls which is also called as Lushington Falls is a waterfall created by a 116 meter drop in the Aghanashini river. ... Magod Falls Magod Falls is a one of the beautifull waterfalls of Karnataka, where the river Bedti falls from a height of nearly 200m in two steps forming a glorious waterfall. ... Abbey Falls Abbey Falls (also Abbi Falls) is in Madikeri District in the Western Ghats in the state of Karnataka, India. ... Shivanasamudra (or Shivasamudram) is a small town in the Mandya District in southern Karnataka, India near Mysore. ... Murudeshwara (Kannada:ಮುರುಡೇಶ್ವರ) is a town in the Bhatkal Taluk of Uttara Kannada district in the state of Karnataka, India. ... Gokarna meaning Cows Ear is a small town situated in North Kannada district coastal Karnataka, India. ... Rabindranath Tagore Beach, Karwar Karwar Evening Karwar (Kannada: ಕಾರವಾರ)is a small seaside town situated on the west coast of the Indian subcontinent. ... Udupi Krishna Temple is a famous Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Krishna located in the town of Udupi in Karnataka, India. ... Sirsi (Kannada: ಶಿರಸಿ) is a town in Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka. ... Sri Manjunatha swamy temple Dharmasthala is perhaps the most highly revered and best known temple town in Karnataka. ... Sringeri is the site of the first matha established by the Adi Sankaracharya, the 8th century Hindu reformer and exponent of the Advaita Vedanta philosophy. ... Virasaivism is a religious movement of Hinduism in India. ... Kudala Sangama in India is an important center of pilgrimage for people of the Lingayat faith. ... Basavana Bagewadi in India is an important center of pilgrimage for people of the Lingayat faith. ... The statue of Gomatheswara dates from 978-993 AD. Shravanabelagola is a city located in the Hassan district, in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Mudabidri is known as the Jina Kashi of South India. ... , Karkala is a town and also the headquarters of Karkala Taluk in Udupi district of Karnataka, India, and is located about 38 km from Udupi and about 480 km from Bangalore. ... Jain and Jaina redirect here. ... The statue of Gomatheswara dates from 978-993 AD. Shravanabelagola is a city located in the Hassan district, in the Indian state of Karnataka. ...


Recently Karnataka has emerged as a hot spot for health care tourism. Karnataka has the highest number of approved health systems and alternative therapies in India. Along with some ISO certified government-owned hospitals, private institutions which provide international-quality services have caused the health care industry to grow by 30% during 2004-05. Hospitals in Karnataka treat around 8,000 health tourists every year.[44]


Notes

  1. ^ State-wise break up of National Parks. Online webpage of the Wildlife Institute of India. Government of India. Retrieved on 2007-06-12.
  2. ^ a b Statistical Hand Book - Economic Indicators for All States. Government of Tamil Nadu: Department of Economics and Statistics. Government of Tamil Nadu. Archived from the original on 2007-02-22. Retrieved on 2007-11-01.
  3. ^ See Lord Macaulay's life of Clive and James Tallboys Wheeler: Early History of British India, London (1878) p.98. The principal meaning is the western half of this area, but the rulers there controlled the Coromandel Coast as well.
  4. ^ S. Ranganathan. THE Golden Heritage of Karnataka. Online webpage of the Department of Metallurgy. Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. Retrieved on 2007-06-07.
  5. ^ Trade. The British Museum. Retrieved on 2007-05-06.
  6. ^ From the Talagunda inscription (Dr. B. L. Rice in Kamath, 2001, p30)
  7. ^ Moares (1931), p10
  8. ^ Adiga and Sheik Ali in Adiga (2006), p89
  9. ^ Ramesh (1984), pp. 1-2
  10. ^ From the Halmidi inscription (Ramesh 1984, pp. 10–11)
  11. ^ Kamath (2001), p10
  12. ^ The Chalukyas hailed from present-day Karnataka (Keay 2000, p168)
  13. ^ The Chalukyas were native Kannadigas (N. Laxminarayana Rao and Dr. S. C. Nandinath in Kamath 2001, p57)
  14. ^ Altekar (1934), pp. 21–24
  15. ^ Masica (1991), pp. 45-46
  16. ^ Balagamve in Mysore territory was an early power centre (Cousens 1926, p10, p105)
  17. ^ Tailapa II, the founder king was the governor of Tardavadi in modern Bijapur district, under the Rashtrakutas (Kamath (2001), p101)
  18. ^ Kamath (2001), p115
  19. ^ Foekema (2003), p9
  20. ^ Kamath (2001), pp132–134
  21. ^ Sastri (1955), pp. 358-9, p 361
  22. ^ Foekema (1996), p14
  23. ^ Kamath (2001), pp. 122-4
  24. ^ Kamath 2001, pp. 157–160
  25. ^ Kulke and Rothermund (2004), p188
  26. ^ Kamath (2001), pp. 190-191
  27. ^ Kamath (2001), p201
  28. ^ Kamath (2001), p202
  29. ^ Kamath (2001), p207
  30. ^ Kamath (2001), p171
  31. ^ Kamath (2001), p171, p173, p174, p204
  32. ^ Kamath (2001), pp. 231–234
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  35. ^ Parvathi Menon. Karnataka's agony. Online Edition of the Frontline, Volume 18 - Issue 17, Aug. 18 - 31, 2001. Frontline. Retrieved on 2007-05-04.
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  37. ^ Agumbe's receiving the second highest rainfall in India is mentioned by Arabinda Ghose. Link Godavari, Krishna & Cauvery. Online Edition of the Central Chronicle, dated 2007-03-28. 2007, Central Chronicle. Retrieved on 2007-05-16.
  38. ^ Karnataka - An Introduction. Official website of the Karnataka legislature. Retrieved on 2007-10-04.
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  50. ^ Statistics - Karnataka state. Online webpage of the Forest Department. Government of Karnataka. Retrieved on 2007-06-04.
  51. ^ Karnataka Politics - Suspense till January 27. Online webpage of OurKarnataka.com. OurKarnataka.Com,Inc.. Retrieved on 2007-06-04.
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  57. ^ Statement: Gross State Domestic Product at Current Prices. Online webpage of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. Government of India. Retrieved on 2007-06-11.
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  68. ^ Floriculture. OneIndia News, 12th June 2007. www.Karnataka.com. Retrieved on 2007-06-12.
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  72. ^ 5 airports to be functional soon. Online Webpage of The Deccan Herald, dated 2007-06-05. 2007, The Printers (Mysore) Private Ltd.. Retrieved on 2007-06-29.
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  97. ^ Literacy Rate State/UT Wise. Online webpage of the National Literacy Mission, India. Retrieved on 2007-11-01.
  98. ^ a b Number of schools in Karnataka as of 31-03-2006. Online webpage of the Department of Public Instruction. Government of Karnataka. Retrieved on 2007-06-06.
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  103. ^ Times Group acquires Vijayanand Printers. Online Edition of The Times of India dated 2006-06-15. Times Internet Limited. Retrieved on 2007-06-08.
  104. ^ Consolidated list of channels allowed to be carried by Cable operators/Multi system operators/DTH licensees in India. Online webpage of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. Retrieved on 2007-10-04.
  105. ^ a b Named by Na. Kasturi, a popular Kannada writer Deepa Ganesh. Still a hot favourite at 50. Online Edition of The Hindu, dated 2006-03-09. 2006, The Hindu. Retrieved on 2007-06-08.
  106. ^ Radio Stations in Karnataka, India. Online webpage of asiawaves.net. Alan G. Davies. Retrieved on 2007-07-18.
  107. ^ Radio has become popular again. Online Edition of The Hindu, dated 2006-01-12. The Hindu. Retrieved on 2007-07-18.
  108. ^ A field day in coorg. Retrieved on 2007-06-10. “"Since Coorg (Kodagu) was the cradle of Indian hockey, with over 50 players from the region going on to represent the nation so far, seven of whom were Olympians..."”
  109. ^ Krishnakumar (2004-06-13). A field day in coorg. The Hindu. Retrieved on 2007-06-10. “"...the festival assumed such monstrous proportions (one year, 350 families took part in the festival) that it found place in the Limca Book of Records. It was recognized as the largest hockey tournament in the world. This has been referred to the Guinness Book of World Records too."”
  110. ^ Rao, Roopa (1997-06-12). Curtains down on Fourth National Games. Indian Express. Retrieved on 2007-06-05.
  111. ^ S. Sabanayakan. Setting new standards. Online Edition of The Sportstar, Vol.30:No.08, dated 2007-02-24. The Hindu. Retrieved on 2007-07-16.
  112. ^ Ranji Trophy winners. Cricinfo. Retrieved on 2007-06-05.
  113. ^ Sujith Somasunder, Rahul Dravid, Javagal Srinath, Sunil Joshi, Anil Kumble and Venkatesh Prasad, all from Karnataka played in this match: ODI no. 1127, Titan Cup - 1st Match India v South Africa 1996/97 season. Online Webpage of the Cricinfo. © Cricinfo 2007. Retrieved on 2007-06-05.
  114. ^ Vijay Bharadwaj, Rahul Dravid, Javagal Srinath, Sunil Joshi, Anil Kumble and Venkatesh Prasad, all from Karnataka played in this match: Test no. 1462 New Zealand in India Test Series - 1st Test India v New Zealand 1999/00 season. Online Webpage of the Cricinfo. © Cricinfo 2007. Retrieved on 2007-06-05.
  115. ^ Faculty. Online Webpage of the Tata Prakash Padukone Badminton Academy. © 2007 TATA Padukone Badminton Academy. Retrieved on 2007-06-05.
  116. ^ Pankaj Advani is a phenomenon: Savur. Online Webpage of the Hindu, dated 2005-07-12. 2005, the Hindu. Retrieved on 2007-06-05.
  117. ^ Western Ghats (sub cluster nomination). Online webpage of UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 1992-2007 UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved on 2007-05-08.
  118. ^ Seville 5, Internal Meeting of Experts, Proceedings, Pamplona, Spain, 23-27 October 2000. UNESCO. Retrieved on 2007-11-01.
  119. ^ a b c d A Walk on the Wild Side, An Information Guide to National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries of Karnataka, Compiled and Edited by Dr. Nima Manjrekar, Karnataka Forest Department, Wildlife Wing, October 2000
  120. ^ Karnataka to turn on tourism charms. Online Edition of The Hindu Business Line, dated 2002-02-15. The Hindu Business Line.. Retrieved on 2007-06-29.
  121. ^ Alphabetical list of Monuments. Protected Monuments. Archaeological Survey of India. Retrieved on 2007-06-13.
  122. ^ Plan to conserve heritage monuments, museums. The Hindu. Online Edition of The Hindu, dated 2007-01-06. Retrieved on 2007-06-13.
  123. ^ R. Krishna Kumar. Mysore Palace beats Taj Mahal in popularity. Online Edition of The Hindu, dated 2007-08-17. Retrieved on 2007-10-31.
  124. ^ Belur for World Heritage Status. Online Edition of The Hindu, dated 2004-07-25. The Hindu. Retrieved on 2006-11-17.
  125. ^ Keay (2000), p324
  126. ^ Michael Bright, 1001 Natural Wonders of the World by Barrons Educational Series Inc., published by Quinted Inc., 2005.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Thomas Macaulay The Right Honourable Thomas Babington (or Babbington) Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay, PC (October 25, 1800 - December 28, 1859) was a nineteenth century British poet, historian and Whig politician. ... Districts along the Coromandel Coast Map of the coast (French) The Coromandel Coast is the name given to the southeastern coast of the Indian peninsula. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 158th day of the year (159th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The centre of the museum was redeveloped in 2000 to become the Great Court, surrounding the original Reading Room. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Kannadiga (Kannada: ಕನ್ನಡಿಗ |masculine|), or Kannadati (Kannada: ಕನ್ನಡತಿ |feminine|) are an ethnic group primarily located in the state of Karnataka in India and neighbouring areas like Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Kerala, Goa and Maharashtra. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Åšaivism, also transliterated Shaivism and Saivism, is a branch of Hinduism that worships Siva as the Supreme God. ... A maÅ£ha (also written math, matha or mutt) is a term for monastic and similar religious establishments of the Hindu and Jain traditions. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For followers of Hinduism, see Hindu. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Indian Express is an Indian newspaper started by Ram Nath Goenka, and is published from New Delhi. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For followers of Hinduism, see Hindu. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Cricinfo is the largest cricket-related website and one of the largest websites in the world with more than 20 million users. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Sujith Somasunder (born 2 December 1972 in Bangalore, India) is a former Indian cricketer. ... Rahul Sharad Dravid (Marathi:राहुल शरद द्रविड , Kannada:ರಾಹುಲ್‌ ಶರದ್‌ ದ್ರಾವಿಡ)   is an Indian cricketer, and the former captain of the Indian national cricket team, of which he has been a regular member since 1996. ... Javagal Srinath (Kannada:ಜಾವಗಲ್‌ ಶ್ರೀನಾಥ್‌)   (born August 31, 1969 in Mysore, Karnataka) is an Indian cricketer. ... Sunil Joshi was an Indian slow left arm bowler. ... Anil Radhakrishna Kumble (Kannada:ಅನಿಲ್‌ ರಾಧಾಕೃಷ್ಣ ಕುಂಬ್ಳೆ)   (born 17 October 1970 in Bangalore, Karnataka) is an Indian cricketer and currently the highest wicket-taker for India in both One-day International and Test matches. ... Bapu Krishnarao Venkatesh Prasad(Kannada:ಬಾಪು ಕೃಷ್ಣರಾವ್‌ ವೆಂಕಟೇಶ್‌ ಪ್ರಸಾದ್‌)   (born August 5, 1969 in Bangalore, Karnataka) is an Indian cricketer, now retired. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Vijay Bharadwaj (born August 15, 1975 in Bangalore) is an Indian cricketer. ... Rahul Sharad Dravid (Marathi:राहुल शरद द्रविड , Kannada:ರಾಹುಲ್‌ ಶರದ್‌ ದ್ರಾವಿಡ)   is an Indian cricketer, and the former captain of the Indian national cricket team, of which he has been a regular member since 1996. ... Javagal Srinath (Kannada:ಜಾವಗಲ್‌ ಶ್ರೀನಾಥ್‌)   (born August 31, 1969 in Mysore, Karnataka) is an Indian cricketer. ... Sunil Joshi was an Indian slow left arm bowler. ... Anil Radhakrishna Kumble (Kannada:ಅನಿಲ್‌ ರಾಧಾಕೃಷ್ಣ ಕುಂಬ್ಳೆ)   (born 17 October 1970 in Bangalore, Karnataka) is an Indian cricketer and currently the highest wicket-taker for India in both One-day International and Test matches. ... Bapu Krishnarao Venkatesh Prasad(Kannada:ಬಾಪು ಕೃಷ್ಣರಾವ್‌ ವೆಂಕಟೇಶ್‌ ಪ್ರಸಾದ್‌)   (born August 5, 1969 in Bangalore, Karnataka) is an Indian cricketer, now retired. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 128th day of the year (129th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ...

References

  • John Keay, India: A History, 2000, Grove publications, New York, ISBN 0-8021-3797-0
  • Dr. Suryanath U. Kamath, Concise history of Karnataka, 2001, MCC, Bangalore (Reprinted 2002) OCLC: 7796041
  • Nilakanta Sastri, K.A. (1955). A History of South India, From Prehistoric times to fall of Vijayanagar, OUP, New Delhi (Reprinted 2002) ISBN 0-19-560686-8..
  • R. Narasimhacharya, History of Kannada Literature, 1988, Asian Educational Services, New Delhi, Madras,1988, ISBN 81-206-0303-6.
  • K.V. Ramesh, Chalukyas of Vatapi, 1984, Agam Kala Prakashan, Delhi ISBN 3987-10333
  • Malini Adiga (2006), The Making of Southern Karnataka: Society, Polity and Culture in the early medieval period, AD 400-1030, Orient Longman, Chennai, ISBN 81 250 2912 5
  • Altekar, Anant Sadashiv [1934] (1934). The Rashtrakutas And Their Times; being a political, administrative, religious, social, economic and literary history of the Deccan during C. 750 A.D. to C. 1000 A.D. Poona: Oriental Book Agency. OCLC 3793499. 
  • Masica, Colin P. [1991] (1991). The Indo-Aryan Languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521299446. 
  • Cousens, Henry [1926] (1996). The Chalukyan Architecture of Kanarese District. New Delhi: Archeological Survey of India. OCLC 37526233. 
  • Hermann Kulke and Dietmar Rothermund, A History of India, fourth edition, Routledge, 2004, ISBN 0-415-32919-1
  • Foekema, Gerard [2003] (2003). Architecture decorated with architecture: Later medieval temples of Karnataka, 1000-1300 AD. New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd. ISBN 81-215-1089-9.

The Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) was founded in 1967 and originally named the Ohio College Library Center. ... The Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) was founded in 1967 and originally named the Ohio College Library Center. ...

External links

  • Official website of the Government of Karnataka
  • Karnataka Government Information Department
  • Karnataka at the Open Directory Project
The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 312 × 335 pixelsFull resolution (312 × 335 pixel, file size: 95 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Karnataka Bangalore Hoysala Empire Kalburgi Hubballi... India is subdivided into 28 states, 6 union territories and a national capital territory. ... The Kannada Film Industry makes movies in the Kannada language. ... The cuisine of Karnataka comprises diverse vegetarian and non-vegetarian cuisines. ... Distribution of population in Karnataka Karnataka having a total population of 52,850,562 is one of the major states in South India. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Hoysala Empire architecture in Belur The recorded history of Karnataka goes back more than two millenia. ... Indian Roller, (Coracias benghalensis), the state bird Young sapling of sandalwood (Santalum album), the state tree The state of Karnataka located in South India has a rich diversity of flora and fauna. ... Aihole (Kannada ಐಹೊಳೆ)is in the Bagalkot district of Karnataka, India. ... The Alupas kings (Kannada: ಆಲೂಪರು)(450 - 1400 C.E.) were a minor dynasty who ruled parts of coastal Karnataka. ... Amoghavarsha Nripathunga was the greatest of the Rashtrakuta kings. ... Badami Cave Temple No 3. ... Banavasi ಬನವಾಸಿ is an ancient temple town on the border of Uttara Kannada District and Shimoga district in the south Indian state of Karnataka. ... The Chalukya Dynasty was an Indian royal dynasty that ruled parts of southern India between 550 and 750, and again between 973 and 1190. ... Nayakas of Chitradurga (Kannada: ಚಿತ್ರದುರ್ಗದ ನಾಯಕರು)(1300 - 1779 CE) ruled parts of eastern Karnataka. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... The Halmidi inscription is so far the oldest known Kannada inscription in Kannada script. ... Hampi (Kannada: ಹಂಪೆ, Hampe in Kannada) is a village in northern Karnataka state, India. ... Extent of Hoysala Empire, 1200 CE Capital Belur, Halebidu Language(s) Kannada Religion Hindu Government Monarchy King  - 1026 – 1047 Nripa Kama II  - 1292 – 1343 Veera Ballala III History  - Earliest Hoysala records 950  - Established 1026  - Disestablished 1343 The Hoysala Empire (Kannada: ಹೊಯ್ಸಳ ಸಾಮ್ರಾಜ್ಯ) (pronunciation: in Kannada) was a prominent South Indian empire that... Kadambas was an ancient royal dynasty of Karnataka, who ruled from their capital of Banavasi from (345-525AD) later branched into Goa, Hanagal and Chandavar. ... Granite pillars, Aghoreshwara Temple, Ikkeri, Shivamogga District Granite pillars, Rameshwara Temple, Keladi, Shivamogga District wall motif, Rameshwara Temple, Keladi, Shivamogga District parrot feeding nestling, Rameshwara Temple, Keladi, Shivamogga District Keladi Nayaka (Kannada: ಕೆಳದಿಯ ನಾಯಕರು)(1499 - 1763 CE) were an important ruling clan of post-medieval Karnataka, India. ... Kitturu Rani Chennamma (Chennamma, the Queen of Kitturu)(1778 - 1829) was the queen of the prince state Kittur in Karnataka. ... Modern Malkheda in Karnataka, once tha capital of Rashtrakutas ... Pattadakal (Kannada- ಪಟ್ಟದಕಲ್) is a town in the Indian state of Karnataka famous for its group of monuments that are the culmination of earliest experiments in vesara style of Hindu temple architecture. ... PULAKESI II (C.610-642 A.D.): Pulakesi II ascended the throne in C.610 A. D., and he has been rightly regarded as the ablest monarch in the Chalukyan line. ... The Rashtrakutas were a dynasty which ruled the Deccan during the 8th-10th centuries. ... Srirangapattana (also spelt Srirangapatna; anglecized to Seringapatam during the British Raj) is a town of great religious, cultural and historic importance located near the city of Mysore in the south Indian state of Karnataka. ... Portrait of Tippu Sultan, 1792 Tippu (Tips) Sultan (full name Sultan Fateh Ali Tippu), also known as the Tiger of Mysore (November 20, 1750, Devanahalli – May 4, 1799, Srirangapattana), was the first son of Haidar Ali by his second wife, Fatima or Fakhr-un-nissa. ... During the period of British rule, the Indian state of Karnataka as it stands today did not exist. ... The Vijayanagara empire was based in the Deccan, in peninsular and southern India, from 1336 onwards. ... The Western Chalukyas ruled the western Deccan in South India between the tenth and the thirteenth centuries CE. They were related to the Chalukya dynasty of Badami who were a powerful dynasty who reigned over most of the Deccan between the seventh and the eight centuries. ... The Kingdom of Mysore was a kingdom of southern India, which was founded about 1400 by the Wodeyar dynasty, who ruled the state until Indian independence in 1947, when the kingdom became Mysore state of India, later renamed Karnataka. ... The table below lists all the Taluks in Karnataka state of India, district wise. ... Bayaluseeme is the area lying to the east of Malnad, a region of Karnataka state in South India, or east of the western ghats. ... Malnad (Kannada: ಮಲೆನಾಡು) (an English word for Malenadu in Kannada, male means hill and nadu means land) is a region of Karnataka state in South India. ... Karavali (Tulu ಕರಾವಳಿ) is the geographical area covered by sea-coast of Karnataka. ... The Agasthiyamalai range of the Western Ghats The Western Ghats are a mountain range in India. ... ... Bhuta Kola or spirit worship is an ancient form of worship prevalent among the Tulu-speaking community in Udupi, Dakshina Kannada districts in Karnataka and Kasargod district in Kerala. ... Bidriware is a metal handicraft that originated in Bidar during the rule of the Bahamani Sultans. ... An assortment of Channapatna toys and dolls Channapatna toys are a particular form of wooden toys (and dolls) that are manufactured in the town of Channapatna in the Bangalore Rural district of Karnataka state, India. ... Chitrakala Parishat (Kannada: ) is an art institution and cultural organisation located in the city of Bangalore, in the state of Karnataka, India. ... Dolls used in Gaarudi Gombe Gaarudi Gombe is a folk dance prevalent in the state of Karnataka, India. ... Ilkal saree (Kannada: ) is a traditional form of saree which is a common feminine wear in India. ... Kamsale is a unique folk art performed by the devotees of God Mahadeshwara. ... Kannada - aptly described as sirigannada (known to few as Kanarese) is one of the oldest Dravidian languages and is spoken in its various dialects by roughly 45 million people. ... Carnatic music, also known as is one of the two styles of Indian classical music, the other being Hindustani music. ... Kasuti work on silk, © Kamats Potpourri Kasuti (Kannada: ) is a traditional form of embroidery practiced in the state of Karnataka, India. ... The Khedda system was a technique used in southern India mainly Karnataka to capture and tame wild elephants for domestic and public (like in temples, in military) use. ... A lit up Mysore Palace, the epicenter of all Dasara festivities held in Mysore Dasara is the Nadahabba (state-festival) of the state of Karnataka. ... Leather puppet depicting Mahatma Gandhi, used in Togalu Gombeyaata, © Kamats Potpourri Togalu Gombeyaata is a puppet show unique to the state of Karnataka, India. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A Veeragase dancer, © Kamats Potpourri Veeragase is a dance form prevalent in the state of Karnataka, India. ... A Yakshagana artist wearing pagaDe, one type of head-wear. ... The last Maharaja - Jaya Chama Raja Wodeyar (1940-1947) The Mysore Kingdom (1399-1947) was founded by Yaduraya in 1399 as a feudatory of the Vijayanagara Empire and became an independent kingdom in early 17th century, after the decline of the Vijayanagara empire. ... Haridasa (haridasaru in Kannada) movement is considered as one of the turning points in Indian history. ... Kirti Mukha, demon faces Amrithapura Hoysala literature during the era of Hoysala Empire (1000-1343) (Kannada: ಹೊಯ್ಸಳ ಸಾಮ್ರಾಜ್ಯ) was dominated by the ascent of famous Kannada and Sanskrit poets. ... Kannada literature refers to the literature in Kannada language spoken mainly in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Medieval Kannada literature covered a wide range of subjects and genres which can broadly be classified under the Jain, Virashaiva, Vaishnava and secular traditions. ... Kannada poetry is poetry written in the Kannada language spoken in Karnataka state of India. ... Kannada Saahithya Parishath (Kannada: ಕನ್ನಡ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯ ಪರಿಷತ್ತು, literally Kannada literature organisation) is an Indian non-profit organisation that promotes the Kannada language. ... Kannada Sahitya Sammelana (Kannada Literature Conference) is the premier gathering of writers, poets and kannadigas. ... Karnataka Literature denotes to the wealth of literature created in the region of Karnataka in South India roughly corresponding to the modern state of Karnataka. ... Rashtrakuta literature is the body of work created during the rule of the Rastrakutas of Manyakheta (Sanskrit:राष्ट्रकूट, Kannada: ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಕೂಟ), a dynasty that ruled the southern and central parts of the Deccan, India between the 8th and 10th centuries. ... Vachana sahitya (Kannada:ವಚನ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯ) is a form of Kannada poetry, which evolved in the 12th Century C.E., as a part of the Veerashaiva movement. ... In the history of Kannada literature, the rule of the Western Chalukyas holds a pre-eminent place. ... Rock carvings of Jainas at Shravanabelagola Western Ganga literature refers to a body of writings created during the rule of the Western Ganga Dynasty, a dynasty that ruled Gangavadi, a large part of modern Southern Karnataka, India between the 4th and 11th centuries. ... Mysore palace The Mysore Kingdom (1399-1947) was founded by Yaduraya in 1399 as a feudatory of the Vijayanagara Empire and became an independent kingdom in early 17th century, after the decline of the Vijayanagara empire. ... A beary woman clad in traditional Kuppaya and Tuni The Beary (also known as Byari) (Kannada: ಬ್ಯಾರಿ) is a small, vibrant Muslim community concentrated mostly in coastal South Kanara (Dakshina Kannada) district of Karnataka state in India, having its own unique traditions, and distinct cultural identity. ... Bunt is a Tulu speaking Hindu community found mainly in Southern coastal Karnataka and Kerala. ... Havyaka Brahmins are a Brahmin subsect primarily from the Indian state of Karnataka and Northern Kerala. ... Hebbar Iyengars are followers of Ramanujas philosophy preaching Vishishtadvaita. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Kannadiga is the term for a native speaker of Kannada. ... Language(s) Kodava Takk Religion(s) Hinduism, Christianity Related ethnic groups Aryan people, Dravidian people Brahuis Kannadigas Malayalis Tamils Telugus Tuluvas Yeravas Kurubas Male-Kudiyas Holayas The Kodava (ಕೊಡವ in Kannada script) are a people of southern India, most of whom trace their orgins to the region of Kodagu. ... This article is about the people who speak Konkani Language. ... Kota Brahmins hail from the Kundapur and surrounding areas of Udupi district in Karnataka. ... Virasaivism is a religious movement of Hinduism in India. ... [Mogaveeras] are the major fishing community in coastal Karnataka, India. ... The Sankethis are Smartha brahmins residing in Karnataka. ... The Tuluvas (Tulu: ತುಳುವ) are speakers of the Tulu language. ... The Vokkaligas are an Indian caste or social group found mainly in the Old Mysore Region of southern Karnataka state. ... Akka Mahadevi (ಅಕ್ಕ ಮಹಾದೇವಿ) was a prominent figure of the Veerashaiva Bhakti movement in the 12th Century Karnataka. ... Aluru Venkata Rao(12th July 1880 - 25th Feb 1964) was one of the most eminent leaders of the the Karnataka Ekikarana movement. ... Udupi Rajagopalacharya Ananthamurthy (Kannada: ಯು. ಆರ್. ಅನಂತಮೂರ್ತಿ; born december 21, 1932), is a leading contemporary writer, critic and philosopher in Kannada language. ... Anil Radhakrishna Kumble (Kannada:ಅನಿಲ್‌ ರಾಧಾಕೃಷ್ಣ ಕುಂಬ್ಳೆ)   (born 17 October 1970 in Bangalore, Karnataka) is an Indian cricketer and currently the highest wicket-taker for India in both One-day International and Test matches. ... Basaveshvara Shree Basava (also known as Basaveshwara or Basavanna) is known as the reviver of the Veerashaiva (Lingayats) religion in India. ... Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi (Born February 04, 1922) is a renowned vocalist in India, . A descendant of the Kirana Gharana (stream) of Hindustani classical music tradition, he is particularly renowned for Khayal form singing. ... Field Marshal Kodandera Madappa Cariappa Field Marshal Kodandera Madappa Cariappa (28 January 1899 - 15 May 1993) was the first Indian Chief of Staff and led the Indian forces on the Western Front during the Indo-Pakistan War of 1947. ... Haradanahalli Dodde Deve Gowda (born 18 May 1933) was the eleventh Prime Minister of the Republic of India (1996–1997) and the 14th chief minister of the state of Karnataka (1994–1996). ... Kuvempu - (ಕುವೆಂಪು) is the pen name of a well-known Kannada writer/poet of the 20th century, Kuppalli Venkatappa Puttappa (29 December 1904 - 1994). ... Dr. H. Narasimhaiah Dr. H. Narasimhaiah (6 June 1920 — 31 January 2005) was a physicist, eminent educator, freedom fighter and rationalist from Bangalore. ... N.R. Narayana Murthy (Kannada: ) is an Indian industrialist, software engineer and one of the 7 founders of Infosys Technologies, a global consulting and IT services company based in India. ... Siddavanahalli Nijalingappa (December 10, 1902 - August, 2000 was a senior Congress politician and the Chief Minister of Karnataka between 1956 and 1958 and once again between 1962 and 1968. ... Purandara Dasa Purandara Dasa (1484-1564)(ಪುರಂದರ ದಾಸ) is one of the most prominient composer in carnatic music. ... (Legend) Dr. Rajkumar (Kannada:ಡಾ. ರಾಜ್‌ಕುಮಾರ್‌, Real Name: Singanalluru Puttaswamayya Muthuraju Kannada:ಸಿಂಗನಲ್ಲೂರು ಪುಟ್ಟಸ್ವಾಮಯ್ಯ ಮುತ್ತುರಾಜು, April 24, 1928—April 12, 2006) was the most popular actor in Kannada film industry. ... Sree Shivakumara Swamiji along with the president of India Dr.Abdul Kalaam Dr Sree Sree Shivakumara Swamiji (b. ... Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya KCIE (Kannada: ಶ್ರೀ ಮೋಕ್ಷಗುಂಡಂ ವಿಶ್ವೇಶ್ವರಯ್ಯ) (other spellings include Visvesvaraya, Visweswaraiah, Vishweshwariah and Vishweshwarayya; popularly known as Sir M. V.) (September 15, 1860–April 12, 1962), was an eminent Indian engineer and statesman. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... Andhra redirects here. ... , Arunachal Pradesh   (Hindi:   ) is the easternmost state of India. ... , Assam (  ) (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a north eastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a suburb of the city Guwahati. ... For other uses, see Bihar (disambiguation). ... , Chhattisgarh (Chhattisgarhi/Hindi: छत्तीसगढ़, IPA: )  , a state in central India, formed when the sixteen Chhattisgarhi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained statehood on November 1, 2000. ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... This article is for the Indian state. ... For the town in Hoshiarpur district, see Hariana. ... , Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA:  ) is a state in the north-west of India. ... This article is about the area administered by India. ... , Jharkhand   (Hindi: झारखंड, Bengali: ঝাড়খণ্ড,IPA: ) is a state in eastern India. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... , Manipur   (Bengali: মনিপুর, Meitei Mayek: mnipur) is a state in northeastern India making its capital in the city of Imphal. ... , Meghalaya   is a small state in north-eastern India. ... , Mizoram   is one of the Seven Sister States in northeastern India on the border with Myanmar. ... , Nagaland   is a hill state located in the far north-eastern part of India. ... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ... , This article is about the Indian state of Punjab. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... , Sikkim (Nepali:  , also Sikhim) is a landlocked Indian state nestled in the Himalayas. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Tripura   (Bengali: ত্রিপুরা, Hindi: त्रिपुरा) is a state in North East India. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA:  , translation: Northern Province), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... , Uttarakhand (Hindi: उत्तराखंड), known as Uttaranchal from 2000 to 2006, became the 27th state of the Republic of India on November 9, 2000. ... , West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchimbôŋgo) is a state in eastern India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Andaman Islands. ... , Chandigarh   (Punjabi: , Hindi: , pronunciation: ) also called The City Beautiful , is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana. ... Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Gujarati: દાદરા અને નગર હવેલી, Hindi: दादरा और नगर हवेली, Urdu: دادرہ اور نگر حویلی, Portuguese: Dadrá e Nagar-Aveli) is a Union Territory in western India. ... , For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Daman and Diu (Portuguese: Gujarati is the main language; use of Portuguese is declining because it is not official or taught at school (but still spoken by 10% in Daman). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the Union Territory. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Karnataka Recipes (8550 words)
Perhaps the most popular SALAD from Karnataka, the Kosumbari is easy to prepare, is very high in protein and is a tasty snack in its own right.
This is one of the traditional dishes of Karnataka, which is also popular in parts of Tamil Nadu (in a slightly varied version though, and is called Mor KoLambu).
Bhaath (means rice in Marathi) is used in Karnataka in a very liberal sense, it often applies to rice as well as things made out of Rava (sooji).
Karnataka, Karnataka Map, Karnataka India (173 words)
Karnataka with its capital at Bangalore is the country's 8th largest state.
It is located at Deccan Plateau, and is surrounded by Maharashtra to the north, Arabian Sea to the west, Goa to the northwest, Kerala to the southwest, Andhra Pradesh to the east and Tamil Nadu to southeast.
Karnataka is the largest producer of coffee, raw silk and sandalwood based products.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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