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Encyclopedia > Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
The town centre of the city of Karlsruhe (Germany) photographed from an aeroplane. It is easy to recognize the historic lay-out of the town: The streets head away from the castle like the rays of the sun.
The town centre of the city of Karlsruhe (Germany) photographed from an aeroplane. It is easy to recognize the historic lay-out of the town: The streets head away from the castle like the rays of the sun.
Coat of arms Location
Coat of arms of Karlsruhe Map of Germany, Position of Karlsruhe highlighted
Coordinates 49.014°0′0″N 8.4043°0′0″E / 49.014, 8.4043Coordinates: 49.014°0′0″N 8.4043°0′0″E / 49.014, 8.4043
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Administration
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Karlsruhe
District Urban district
City subdivisions 27 quarters
Lord Mayor Heinz Fenrich (CDU)
Basic statistics
Area 173.46 km² (67 sq mi)
 - Elevation 115 m  (377 ft)
Population 285,812  (30/09/2006)[1]
 - Density 1,648 /km² (4,268 /sq mi)
Founded 1715
Other information
Postal codes 76131–76229
Area code 0721
Licence plate code KA
Website www.karlsruhe.de

Karlsruhe (population 285,812 in 2006) is a city in the south west of Germany, in the Bundesland Baden-Württemberg, located near the French-German border. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 470 pixelsFull resolution (1129 × 663 pixel, file size: 160 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The town centre of the city of Karlsruhe (Germany) photographed from an airplane. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_de-bw_Karlsruhe. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Time zones of Europe: Pale colours indicate countries without daylight saving Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE1 Capital Stuttgart Prime Minister Günther Oettinger (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  35,752 km² (13,804 sq mi) Population 10,741,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 300... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... Karlsruhe is one of the four Regierungsbezirke of Baden-Württemberg, Germany, located in the north-west of the country. ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... This is a list of urban districts in Germany. ... A quarter is a section of an urban settlement. ... Councillor Patrick (Pat) John Stannard, Lord Mayor of Oxford (2004). ... The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU - Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the largest conservative political party in Germany. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Year 1715 (MDCCXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits Postal codes in Germany, Postleitzahl (plural Postleitzahlen, abbreviated to PLZ), consist of five digits, which indicate the wider area (first two digits), and the postal district (last three digits). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... German car number plates (Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE1 Capital Stuttgart Prime Minister Günther Oettinger (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  35,752 km² (13,804 sq mi) Population 10,741,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 300...

Contents

Geography

The 49th parallel north in the Karlsruhe Stadtgarten
The 49th parallel north in the Karlsruhe Stadtgarten

The city's altitude is between 100 m (on the western shore of the river Rhine) and 322 m (near to the TV Tower). Its geographical coordinates are 49°00′N, 8°24′E; the 49th parallel runs through the city center. Its course is marked by a stone and painted line in the Stadtgarten (city park). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1536x2048, 2605 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Karlsruhe Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1536x2048, 2605 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Karlsruhe Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... The 49th parallel of north latitude forms part of the international boundary between Canada and the United States from Manitoba to British Columbia on the Canadian side and from Minnesota to Washington on the U.S. side, or from the Lake of the Woods to the Strait of Georgia. ... It has been suggested that River Rhine Pollution: November 1986 be merged into this article or section. ... On the Earth, a circle of latitude is an imaginary east-west circle that connects all locations with a given latitude. ...


Economy

Germany's largest oil refinery is located in Karlsruhe, at the western edge of the city, directly on the river Rhine. View of Shell Oil Refinery in Martinez, California. ... It has been suggested that River Rhine Pollution: November 1986 be merged into this article or section. ...


Karlsruhe is known as the internet capital of Germany because two well-known internet service providers are located within the city. “ISP” redirects here. ...


The Technologieregion Karlsruhe is a loose confederation of the region's cities in order to promote high tech industries; today, about 20% of the region's jobs are in Research and Development which gives a good basis for high tech.


Transport

Karlsruhe's rail system, the Stadtbahn Karlsruhe, is well known in transport circles around the world for pioneering the concept of operating trams on train tracks (tram-trains), to achieve a more effective and attractive public transport system. This concept makes it possible to reach other towns in the region, like Ettlingen, Pforzheim, Bad Wildbad, Bretten, Bruchsal, Heilbronn, Baden-Baden and even Freudenstadt in the Black Forest right from the city centre. Stadtbahn im Karlsruhe Hauptbahnhof Karlsruhe Stadtbahn as tram in Heilbronn Stadtbahn train on line S41 on Murgtalbahn (Nordschwarzwald) The Stadtbahn Karlsruhe is a German tram-train - stadtbahn system in Karlsruhe and its region. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... It has been suggested that Local trains be merged into this article or section. ... Street running of Stadtbahn in Heilbronn Stadtbahn on standard railway A Nordhausen DUO TramTrain on the linking track between the urban tramway (where they are electrically powered via overhead wires) and the rural heavy rail HSB (Harzer Schmalspurbahn / Harz Narrow-Gauge Railway) - where they are powered via an onboard diesel... Skytrain Bangkok. ... Ettlingen is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Pforzheim is a town of 119,000 inhabitants in the state of Baden-Württemberg, south-west Germany at the gate to the Black Forest. ... Bad Wildbad is a town in Germany, in the state of Baden-Württemberg. ... Bretten is a city in the state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Bruchsal is a city approximately 20 km to the northeast of Karlsruhe in the state of Baden-Württemberg in Germany. ... View of the Heilbronn centre of town toward the Wartberg. ... Baden-Baden is a town in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Freudenstadt is a town in Baden-Württemberg, capital of the district Freudenstadt. ... A map of Germany, showing the Black Forest in red. ...


Karlsruhe is also the home of the most advanced Intelligent Transit Systems in Europe and plays home to INIT GMBH, one of the most prominent ITS companies in the world.


Karlsruhe is well-connected via road and rail, with Autobahn and InterCityExpress connections going to Frankfurt, Stuttgart/Munich and Freiburg/Basel. Since June 2007 it is attached to the TGV network, reducing travel time to Paris to only three hours (compared to 5 hours previously). It has been suggested that German Autobahns be merged into this article or section. ... ICE 1 powerhead The InterCityExpress or ICE (German pronunciation: ) is a system of high-speed trains predominantly running in Germany and its neighbouring countries. ... For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ... City Center seen from Weinsteige Road Solitude Palace The 1956 TV Tower U.S. Army Kelley Barracks Stuttgart (IPA: []) is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... Freiburg im Breisgau is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, in the Breisgau region, on the western edge of the southern Black Forest (German: Schwarzwald) with about 214,000 inhabitants. ... Basel (British English traditionally: Basle and more recently Basel , German: , French: , Italian: ) is Switzerlands third most populous city (166,563 inhabitants (2004); 690,000 inhabitants in the metropolitan area stretching across the immediate cantonal and national boundaries made Basel Switzerlands second-largest urban area as of 2003). ... For the group of heart conditions referred to as TGV, see transposition of the great vessels. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) The Eiffel Tower in Paris, as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ...

Oil port
Oil port

Two ports on the Rhine provide transport capacity on cargo ships, especially for petroleum products. Download high resolution version (1296x316, 42 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1296x316, 42 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Seaport, a painting by Claude Lorrain, 1638 The Port of Wellington at night. ... It has been suggested that River Rhine Pollution: November 1986 be merged into this article or section. ... Hapag-Lloyd Container ship Container ship A cargo ship or freighter is any sort of ship or vessel that carries cargo, goods, and materials from one port to another. ... Petroleum products are useful materials derived from crude oil (petroleum) as it is processed in oil refineries. ...


The nearest airport is part of the Baden Airpark (officially Flughafen Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden) about 45 km (28 miles) southwest of Karlsruhe, with regular connections to Berlin, Dublin, London, Rome and Barcelona. Frankfurt International Airport can be reach in about an hour and a half by car (one hour by train) whereas Stuttgart Airport can be reached in about one hour (about an hour and a half by train and S-Bahn). Baden Airpark (IATA: FKB, ICAO: EDSB), or officially Flughafen Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, is an airport located 40km (25 miles) south of Karlsruhe and 15km (9 miles) west of Baden-Baden in the state of Baden-Württemberg in Germany. ... Baden-Baden is a town in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... The Spire at night WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Statistics Province: Leinster County: Dáil Éireann: Dublin Central, Dublin North Central, Dublin North East, Dublin North West, Dublin South Central, Dublin South East European Parliament: Dublin Dialling Code: 01, +353 1 Postal District(s): D1-24, D6W Area: 114. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (Catalan) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Frankfurt Airport Frankfurt Airport (IATA: FRA, ICAO: EDDF), known in German as Rhein-Main-Flughafen or Flughafen Frankfurt am Main, is located near Frankfurt am Main, Germany. ... Stuttgart Airport (in German Flughafen Stuttgart, formerly Flughafen Stuttgart-Echterdingen) (IATA: STR, ICAO: EDDS) is an international airport located approximately 8 miles (13 km) south of the city center of Stuttgart, Germany. ...


History

Karlsruhe castle at night
Karlsruhe castle at night

The city takes its name from Margrave Karl Wilhelm of Baden-Durlach, who founded the city in 1715 after a dispute with the citizens of his previous capital, Durlach. The founding of the city is closely linked to the construction of the palace. Karlsruhe became the capital of Baden-Durlach until 1771, thereafter the capital of Baden until 1945. Built in 1822, the "Ständehaus" was the first parliament building in a German State. In the aftermath of the democratic revolution, a republican government was electetd here. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1175 KB) Summary This image has been taken by Wikipedia-ce on january 23 of 2006 and it is public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1175 KB) Summary This image has been taken by Wikipedia-ce on january 23 of 2006 and it is public domain. ... Karlsburg Center with Turmberg Durlach is a borough of the German city of Karlsruhe. ... Baden is a historical state in the southwest of Germany, on the right bank of the Rhine. ... Baden is a historical state in the southwest of Germany, on the right bank of the Rhine. ...


The city was planned with the tower of the castle (Schloss) at the center and 32 streets radiating out from it like spokes on a wheel or ribs on a folding fan, so that a nickname for Karlsruhe in Germany is the "fan city" (Fächerstadt). Almost all of these streets survive today. A spoke is one of some number of rods radiating from the center of a wheel (the hub where the axle connects), connecting the hub with the round traction surface. ... The force bearing on the axle has an eccentricity e with the point of contact to the rolling surface and exerts a moment about the contact point. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... // A nickname is a name of a person or thing other than its proper name. ...


The city center was the oldest part of town and lies south of the castle in the quadrant defined by nine of the streets. The central part of the castle runs east-west, and there are two wings of the castle, each at a 45° angle to the center, so that they are pointing southeast and southwest (i.e. parallel with streets at the ends of the quadrant defining the city center).


The market place is on the street running south from the castle to Ettlingen. The market place has the town hall (Rathaus) to the west, the main protestant church (Evangelische Stadtkirche) to the east, and the tomb of Margrave Karl Wilhelm in a pyramid in the center. The architect Friedrich Weinbrenner designed many of the most important buildings. That is why Karlsruhe is one of only three large German cities we can still find building ensembles in Neoclassicism style. Much of the downtown area, including the Schloss, was reduced to rubble by Allied bombing during World War II but was quickly rebuilt after the war. A marketplace is the space, actual or metaphorical, in which a market operates. ... Ettlingen is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... City Hall is a 1996 film directed by Harold Becker. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... It has been suggested that Ecclesia (Church) be merged into this article or section. ... A tomb is a small building (or vault) for the remains of the dead, with walls, a roof, and (if it is to be used for more than one corpse) a door. ... A pyramid is any three-dimensional structure where the upper surfaces are triangular and converge on one point. ... Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. ...


The area north of the castle was and still is a park and forest. East of the castle there originally were gardens and more forest, some of which remain, but the University, Wildparkstadion, and residential areas have since been built there. West of the castle is now mostly residential. This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... A forest is an area with a high density of trees (or, historically, a wooded area set aside for hunting). ... For the chosen plaintext attack used by the British during World War II, see gardening (cryptanalysis). ... The Universität Karlsruhe (TH) is a mainly technical university in the city of Karlsruhe, Germany and is a leading research university: It is among the five universities in Germany with the strongest effort in research. ... The Wildparkstadion is a soccer stadium located in Karlsruhe (Germany). ...

Panorama of Karlsruhe from the tower of the castle, looking south. The University is at left, the Marketplace at center, Federal Constitutional Court at right. Note wings of castle aligning with streets, all radiating out from center of town (i.e. the castle tower).
Panorama of Karlsruhe from the tower of the castle, looking south. The University is at left, the Marketplace at center, Federal Constitutional Court at right. Note wings of castle aligning with streets, all radiating out from center of town (i.e. the castle tower).

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3202x589, 276 KB) Summary Karlsruhe, Germany, July 1995, afternoon. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3202x589, 276 KB) Summary Karlsruhe, Germany, July 1995, afternoon. ...

Jewish Community

The Bundesverfassungsgericht, Federal Constitutional Court of Germany
The Bundesverfassungsgericht, Federal Constitutional Court of Germany

Jews settled in Karlsruhe since its foundation. They were attracted by the numerous privileges granted by its founder to settlers, without discrimination as to creed. Official documents attest the presence of several Jewish families at Karlsruhe in 1717. A year later the city council addressed to the margrave a report in which a question was raised as to the proportion of municipal charges to be borne by the newly arrived Jews, who in that year formed an organized congregation, with Rabbi Nathan Uri Kohen of Metz at its head. A document dated 1726 gives the names of twenty-four Jews who had taken part in an election of municipal officers. As the city grew permission to settle there became less easily obtained by Jews, and the community developed more slowly. A 1752 Jewry ordinance stated Jews were forbidden to leave the city on Sundays and Christian holidays, or to go out of their houses during church services, but they were exempted from service by court summonses on Sabbaths. They could sell wine only in inns owned by Jews and graze their cattle, not on the commons, but on the wayside only. Karlsruhe was the seat of the central council of Baden Jewry. The first chief rabbi of the country Rabbi Asher Lowe was from (Durlach) Karlsruhe. A memorable date in the annals of the Jews of Baden, especially memorable to the Jews of Karlsruhe, was the year 1783, when, by a decree issued by Margrave Carl Friedrich (1746-1811), the Jews ceased to be serfs, and consequently could settle wherever they pleased. The same decree freed them from the "Todfall" tax, paid to the clergy for each Jewish burial. In commemoration of these happy changes special prayers were prepared by the acting rabbi Jedidiah Tiah Weill, who, succeeding his father in 1770, held the office until 1805. In 1808 the government issued regulations concerning the administration of the spiritual affairs of the Jewish community, by which the chief rabbi of Karlsruhe became the spiritual head of the Jews of the country. Complete emancipation was given in 1862, Jews were elected to city council and Baden parliament, and from 1890 were appointed judges. Jews were persecuted in riots occurring in 1819 and anti-Jewish demonstrations were held in 1843, 1848, and the 1880s. The well-known German-Israeli artist Leo Kahn studied in Karlsruhe before leaving for France and Israel in the 1920s and '30s. Today, there are about 900 members in the Jewish community, and a Chabad rabbi.[2] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2133x1506, 972 KB) Bundesverfassungsgericht, Karlsruhe Photograph Tobias Helfrich, January 14th, 2005. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2133x1506, 972 KB) Bundesverfassungsgericht, Karlsruhe Photograph Tobias Helfrich, January 14th, 2005. ... The Bundesverfassungsgericht The Federal Constitutional Court (in German: Bundesverfassungsgericht, BVerfG) is a special court established by the German constitutional document, the Grundgesetz (Basic Law). ... Leo Kahn, Still Life, oil on canvas Leo Kahn (1894-1983) was a German-Israeli painter, born in 1894 in Bruchsal, Germany. ...


This article incorporates text from the 1901–1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, a publication now in the public domain. The Jewish Encyclopedia was an encyclopedia originally published between 1901 and 1906 by Funk and Wagnalls. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


Karlsruhe and the Holocaust

In 1933, 3,358 Jewish Germans lived in Karlsruhe. The community owned buildings and property, such as several synagogues, two elderly citizens' homes, a Jewish school, a hospital, welfare institutions and several Jewish cemeteries. During the first years of the Nazi regime, the community continued to function, particularly to prepare Jews for emigration. On October 22, 1938, all male Polish Jews living in Karlsruhe were deported to Poland. Synagogues were destroyed on Kristallnacht, November 1938. Most of the men were arrested and sent to Dachau concentration camp, but were released after they had furnished proof that they intended to emigrate. In October 1940, 895 Jews were expelled during Operation Wagner-Bürckel and interned by the French Vichy authorities in Gurs in southern France. Most of these were then deported from there to Auschwitz in November 1942. Most of the 429 remaining Jews and other so-called "non-Aryans" were deported to the east between 1941 and 1944. In 1945 there were only 18 Jews in Karlsruhe. More than 1,000 of them had been killed between 1933-45 [3]. The Baden Central Jewish Council was reorganized in 1948. A new synagogue was built in 1969. Image File history File links Circle-question-red. ... A synagogue (from ancient Greek: , transliterated synagogÄ“, assembly; Hebrew: beit knesset, house of assembly; Yiddish: , shul; Ladino: , esnoga) is a Jewish house of worship. ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Kristallnacht, also known as Reichskristallnacht, Pogromnacht, Crystal Night and the Night of Broken Glass, was a pogrom[1] against Jews throughout Germany and parts of Austria on November 9–November 10, 1938. ... The main entrance just after the liberation Memorial at the camp, 1997. ... Motto Travail, famille, patrie French: Unoccupied zone of Vichy France (until November 1942) Capital Vichy Language(s) French Religion Roman Catholic Government Dictatorship Chief of state  - 1940 — 1944 Henri Philippe Pétain President of the Council  - 1940 — 1942 Philippe Pétain  - 1942 — 1944 Pierre Laval Legislature National Assembly Historical era... Camp Gurs was an internment and refugee camp constructed by the French government in 1939 in Southwest France after the fall of Catalonia at the end of the Spanish Civil War to control those who fled Spain out of fear of retaliation from Francisco Francos regime. ... Auschwitz, in English, commonly refers to the Auschwitz concentration camp complex built near the town of Oświęcim, by Nazi Germany during World War II. Rarely, it may refer to the Polish town of Oświęcim (called by the Germans Auschwitz) itself. ... The Aryan race is a concept in European culture that was influential in the period of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. ...


Historical population

Year Inhabitants
1790 4,500
1820 16,200
1850 25,400
1880 49,300
1900 97,400
1925 145,700
2003 282,595

(source unknown, figures unconfirmed) Year 1790 (MDCCXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... For the game, see: 1850 (board game) 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 2003 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Former American school.
Former American school.

Download high resolution version (1197x736, 110 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1197x736, 110 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

Military

Karlsruhe has always hosted armed forces. US 1979 and 2002 Reissue Cover Also known as paint spatter cover For the military meaning, see Armed forces. ...


After World War II until 1995, Karlsruhe was a United States Army base. It also had a French garrison (135ème Régiment du Train until 1991). Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The United States Army is the largest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... A military base is a facility directly owned and operated by and/or for the military or one of its branches that shelters military equipment and personnel, and facilitates training and operations. ...


Famous people

Karlsruhe is the birthplace of Friedrich Weinbrenner, a German architect of Neoclassicism, who was born in 1766. Here he died in 1826. His tomb is situated in the main Protestant church.


It is also the birthplace of Karl Benz (1844–1929), inventor of the automobile and founder of Benz & Co., now part of DaimlerChrysler (formerly Daimler-Benz), as well as Karl Drais who invented the precursor of the bicycle and other transportation devices. Karl Benz Karl Friedrich Benz (November 25, 1844 – April 4, 1929) was a German engine designer and automobile engineer, generally regarded as the inventor of the gasoline-powered automobile. ... Karl Benzs Velo model (1894) - entered into the first automobile race An automobile or motor car (usually shortened to just car) is a wheeled passenger vehicle that carries its own motor. ... DaimlerChrysler AG (ISIN: DE0007100000) is a German car corporation and the worlds fifth largest car manufacturer. ... Daimler-Benz AG was founded on May 1, 1924 by the merger of Benz & Cie. ... Karl Drais (April 29, 1785 – December 10, 1851) was a German inventor and invented the Laufmaschine (running machine), also later called the velocipede, draisine (English) or draisienne (French), or most often, dandy horse. ... “Velo” redirects here. ...


In the late 1880s, professor Heinrich Rudolf Hertz discovered electromagnetic waves at the University of Karlsruhe; today, a lecture room named after Hertz lies close by the very spot where the discovery was made. Heinrich Rudolf Hertz (February 22, 1857 - January 1, 1894) was the German physicist and mechanician for whom the hertz, an SI unit, is named. ... The Universität Karlsruhe (TH) is a mainly technical university in the city of Karlsruhe, Germany and is a leading research university: It is among the five universities in Germany with the strongest effort in research. ...


In 1886, Joseph Viktor von Scheffel, a German poet and novelist, was born in Karlsruhe. Joseph Viktor von Scheffel (February 16, 1826 - April 9, 1886), German poet and novelist, was born at Karlsruhe. ...


Obergruppenführer SS Hans Frank (1900-1946), Gauleiter and governor general of Nazi occupied Poland Hans Frank (May 23, 1900 – October 16, 1946) was a lawyer for the Nazi party during the 1920s and a senior official in Nazi Germany. ... A Gauleiter was the party leader of a regional branch of the NSDAP (more commonly known as the Nazi Party) or the head of a Gau or of a Reichsgau. ...


Sebastian Koch was born May 31, 1962 in Karlsruhe. He is a German actor. Sebastian Koch (born May 31, 1962 in Karlsruhe) is a German actor. ...


Oliver Bierhoff, former German football striker for the National German Football Team and Italian Premier club A.C Milan. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Oliver Kahn, goalkeeper of Bayern Munich and former goalkeeper of the German national football team was also born in this city, in 1969. Oliver Kahn (born 15 June 1969 in Karlsruhe) is a German football goalkeeper. ... A football goalkeeper leaves the ground to parry a shot on goal In many team sports, a goalkeeper (termed goaltender, netminder, goalie, or keeper in some sports) is a designated player that is charged with directly preventing the opposite team from scoring by defending the goal. ... FC Bayern Munich (German: FC Bayern München) is a German football club based in Munich, the capital of the state of Bavaria. ... First international Switzerland 5 - 3 Germany (Basel, Switzerland; 5 April 1908) Largest win Germany 16 - 0 Russia (Stockholm, Sweden; 1 July 1912) Worst defeat England 9 - 0 Germany (Oxford, England; 16 March 1909) World Cup Appearances 16 (First in 1934) Best result Winners, 1954, 1974, 1990 European Championship Appearances 9...


Regina Halmich, the current female boxing flyweight world champion, is a native of Karlsruhe, too. De:Regina Halmich Regina Halmich (born November 22, 1976) is a popular female boxer from Germany. ...


Further famous people from Karlsruhe include the philosopher and current president of the State Academy of Design Peter Sloterdijk and the composer Wolfgang Rihm. Peter Sloterdijk Peter Sloterdijk (born June 26, 1947 in Karlsruhe, Germany) is a philosopher. ... Wolfgang Rihm (b. ...


Johann Gottfried Tulla, born on March 20, 1770 in Karlsruhe and died on March 27, 1828 in Paris. Tulla studied engineering at the Mining Academy in Freiberg (Saxony) during the 1790s. From 1817 on, Tulla was instrumental in stabilizing and straightening the course of the southern Rhine River, a project that continued until 1879. Tulla was also a co-founder of the Technical University in Karlsruhe (1825). Freiberg is the name of two cities in Germany (note there is also a Freiburg) Freiberg, Saxony Freiberg (Neckar) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Rhine canyon (Ruinaulta) in Graubünden in Switzerland Length 1. ...


Institutions

Karlsruhe is the seat of the German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht) and the highest Court of Appeals in civil and criminal cases, the Bundesgerichtshof. The court came to Karlsruhe when the provinces of Baden and Württemberg were merged. Stuttgart, capital of Württemberg, became the capital of the new province, and Karlsruhe was given the high court in a compromise. The Bundesverfassungsgericht The Federal Constitutional Court (in German: Bundesverfassungsgericht, BVerfG) is a special court established by the German constitutional document, the Grundgesetz (Basic Law). ... Court of Appeals is the title of certain appellate courts in various jurisdictions. ... The Bundesgerichtshof or BGH (German for federal court) is the highest Germany for civil and criminal lawsuits. ... For other uses, see Baden (disambiguation). ... Arms of the Kingdom of Württemberg The title of this article contains the character ü. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Wuerttemberg. ... City Center seen from Weinsteige Road Solitude Palace The 1956 TV Tower U.S. Army Kelley Barracks Stuttgart (IPA: []) is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. ...


Karlsruhe is a renowned research and study centre, with one of Germany's finest and worldwide renowned institutions of higher education, namely, the University of Karlsruhe (Universität Karlsruhe-TH) - the oldest technical university in Germany. Karlsruhe is also the home of the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (Research Center Karlsruhe), at which engineering and scientific research is performed in the areas of health, earth and environmental sciences, and Karlsruhe University of Applied Sciences (Hochschule Karlsruhe-HS), the largest university of technology in the State of Baden-Württemberg, offering both professional and academic education in engineering sciences and business. The Universität Karlsruhe (TH) is a mainly technical university in the city of Karlsruhe, Germany and is a leading research university: It is among the five universities in Germany with the strongest effort in research. ... Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe [in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft] (literally: Karlsruhe Research Centre [within the Helmholtz Association]) is a research institution based in Karlsruhe/BW, Germany. ... The Karlsruhe University of Applied Sciences (Hochschule Karlsruhe - HS) [1] is the largest university of technology in the State of Baden-Württemberg offering both academic and professional higher education study programmes in engineering sciences, natural sciences, and business. ...


In 1999 the ZKM (Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie, Centre for Art and Media) was opened. Within a short time it built up a worldwide reputation as a cultural institution. Linking new media theory and practice, the ZKM is located in a former weapons factory. Among the institutes related to the ZKM are the Staatliche Hochschule für Gestaltung (State University of Design), whose president is philosopher Peter Sloterdijk and the Museum for Contemporary Art. Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie, Karlsruhe, Germany Interdisciplinary research institution focussing on New Media Director: Professor Peter Weibel Sister institution: HfG External link ZKM home page Categories: | ... State University of Design, Karlsruhe, Germany Founded in 1992 by Prof. ... Peter Sloterdijk Peter Sloterdijk (born June 26, 1947 in Karlsruhe, Germany) is a philosopher. ...

Nancy fountain
Nancy fountain

Download high resolution version (910x1048, 107 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (910x1048, 107 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

Twinning

The town is twinned with: This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ...

Gottesau Castle (now music college)
Gottesau Castle (now music college)

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nancy (IPA pronounciation ; archaic German: ; Luxembourgish: Nanzeg) is a city and commune in the Lorraine région of northeastern France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Nottingham is a city, unitary authority, and county town of Nottinghamshire in the East Midlands of England. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... 19th century photo depicting Kuban Cossacks obelisk in Krasnodar Krasnodar (Russian: ) is a city in Southern Russia on the Kuban River. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... County TimiÅŸ County Status County Capital Mayor Gheorghe Ciuhandu, Christian-Democratic Peoples Party, since 1996 Area 130,5 km² Population (2002) 325,997 Density 2,345 inh/km² Geographical coordinates Web site http://www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Halle (also called Halle an der Saale (literally Halle on the Saale, and in some historic references is not uncommonly called Saale after the river) in order to distinguish it from Halle in North Rhine-Westphalia) is the largest town in the German State of Saxony-Anhalt. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... Position of Varna in Bulgaria Coordinates: , Country Bulgaria Province Varna Province Government  - Mayor Kiril Yordanov Area  - City 205 km²  (79. ... Download high resolution version (1704x1588, 866 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1704x1588, 866 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

Local attractions

Good visibility assumed, the Durlacher Turmberg to the east can be seen miles before reaching the city. It sports a look-out tower (hence its name), a former keep dating back to the 13th century, with nearby restaurant and can be reached with the historical Turmbergbahn funicular railway. Karlsburg Center with Turmberg Durlach is a borough of the German city of Karlsruhe. ... Durlach with Turmberg The Turmberg (tower hill), located in Durlach, a suburb of Karlsruhe in Germany is a hill of the Black forest with a castle ruin from which you can get a fine view of Karlsruhe towards the west and the River Rhine valley, and on very clear days... Turmbergbahn car Turmbergbahn upper station from above The Turmbergbahn is a funicular railway near Karlsruhe in Germany. ... Angels Flight, Los Angeles, California with gantlet track configuration Duquesne Incline, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania with full length parallel tracks The Gütschbahn in Lucerne, Switzerland – from an 1893 guidebook A funicular, also called funicular railway, inclined railway, inclined plane, or, in the United Kingdom, a cliff railway, is a system of...


The Stadtgarten is a recreational area near the Hauptbahnhof (main railway station) and was rebuilt during the Bundesgartenschau (Federal Garden Show) in 1967. It is also the site of the Karlsruhe Zoo.


The Marktplatz with the stone pyramid marking the grave of the city's founding father. The pyramid, built in 1825, is the symbol of Karlsruhe. The city is nicknamed Die Fächerstadt (the fan city) because of its deliberate layout, with straight streets running out fan-like from the castle. The Karlsruhe Schloss (palace) is an interesting piece of architecture; the adjacent Schlossgarten, including the Botanical Garden with its palm, cactus and orchid house, invites a walk in the woods stretching out to the north of it.


The so called Kleine Kirche (Little Church), built between 1773 and 1776, is the oldest church of Karlsruhe's city centre.


Another sight is the Rondellplatz with its Constitution Building Columns (1826). It is dedicated to Baden's first constitution in 1818, which was one of the most liberal of this time. The Münze (mint), erected in 1826/27, was built by Weinbrenner too.


The St. Stephan parish church is one of the masterpieces of neoclassical church architecture in Southern Germany. Weinbrenner, who built this church between 1808 and 1814, orientated to the Pantheon in Rome.


The neo-gothic Grand Ducal burial chapel, built between 1889 and 1896, is located in the middle of the forest.


The main cemetery of Karlsruhe is the oldest park-like cemetery in Germany.


Karlsruhe has a lively arts scene that includes the Museum of Natural History, an opera house (the Baden State Theatre), as well as a number of independent theatres and art galleries. The State Art Gallery, built in 1846 by Heinrich Hübsch, displays paintings and sculptures from six centuries, particularly from France, Germany and Holland. Karlsruhe's newly renovated art museum is one of the most important art museums in Baden-Württemberg. Further cultural attractions are scattered throughout Karlsruhe's various incorporated suburbs. The Scheffel Association or Literary Society for example is a literary organisation and was established in 1924. It is the largest literary organisation in Germany. Today the Prinz-Max-Palais, built between 1881 and 1884 in historism style, houses the organisation including the museum. Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE1 Capital Stuttgart Prime Minister Günther Oettinger (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  35,752 km² (13,804 sq mi) Population 10,741,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 300...


In Karlsruhe there is the only art-ceramics manufacture in Germany, called Majolika-Manufaktur. Founded in 1901, it is located in the "Schlossgarten". A blue streak (Blauer Strahl) consisting of 1645 ceramic tiles connects the manufacture with the palace. It is the world's largest ceramic artwork.


Another popular attraction is the ZKM (Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie) - Centre for Art and Media. Its collections are quite unique, since they combine art and modern technologies. The Centre is located in a converted ammunition manufactory.


Events

Every year in July there is a huge free open air festival lasting three days called Das Fest ("The Festival") (http://www.dasfest-karlsruhe.de/ (in German)).


The Baden State Theatre has been promoted the Händel festival since 1978.


Apart from holding local juggling and acrobatics festivals every year Karlsruhe has been the hosting city of the 23rd European Juggling Convention (EJC) in 2000. Because of the good organization and the huge success the jugglers of Europe voted to return to Karlsruhe for the 31st European juggling convention in 2008 which will take place from August 2 until August 10. The European Juggling Convention 2004 in Carvin, France The European Juggling Convention, abbreviated as EJC, is an international juggling convention that is held every year in a different European city. ... August 2 is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


African culture comes to Karlsruhe every year in July when the African Summer Festival takes off in the city's Nordstadt. Markets, drumming workshops, exhibitions, a varied children's programme and musical performances take place during the three days, the aim being enjoyment for the whole family. [1]


Karlsruhe is the host of the yearly Linux Audio Conference [2]. In the past Karlsruhe has also been the host of LinuxTag (the biggest Linux event in Europe). LinuxTag (or more formally ) is a Free Software expo held every summer in the town of Karlsruhe in southern Germany. ...


It attracted an immense crowd of visitors from all directions eager to watch the total solar eclipse at noon on August 11, 1999 (this place being located within the eclipse path and one of the few within Germany not plagued by bad weather). Photo taken during the 1999 eclipse. ... is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ...


The city is also one of the first in the world to have organized an annual clothing-optional bike ride, locally known as Nackt Radtour. The 2005 Solstice Cyclists in Seattle June 18, 2005. ... FKK-Radtour 2001 on June 14, 2001 in Karlsruhe. ...


Sport

Football (Soccer) Karlsruher SC (KSC), Bundesliga (first division) Karlsruher SC is a German football club, based in Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg. ... The title of this article contains the character ß. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Fussball-Bundesliga. ...


Basketball BG Karlsruhe, Basketball-Pro-Liga A (second division) This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Baseball and Softball Karlsruhe Cougars, Regional League South-East (men's baseball), 1st Bundesliga South (women's softball I) and State League South (women's softball II)


American Football Badener Greifs, currently competing in the Regional League Central but formerly a member of the GFL's 1st Bundesliga, lost to the Berlin Adler in the 1987 German Bowl (see also: German Football League) The German football League (GFL) is the elite bundesliga for American football in Germany. ... Berlin Adler is an amateur American Football Club in Berlin, Germany. ... The German Bowl, like the NFL Superbowl, is the final match of the season for the German Football League (GFL). ... The German football League (GFL) is the elite bundesliga for American football in Germany. ...


Internet

Two major internet service providers, WEB.DE and schlund+partner/1&1, now both owned by United Internet AG, are located at Karlsruhe. “ISP” redirects here. ...


The City Wiki of Karlsruhe (Stadtwiki Karlsruhe) is the biggest City Wiki in the world. A city wiki is a wiki used for geographically localized information. ...


The library of the University of Karlsruhe developed the Karlsruher Virtueller Katalog, the first internet site that allowed researchers worldwide (for free) to search multiple library catalogues worldwide. The Universität Karlsruhe (TH) is a mainly technical university in the city of Karlsruhe, Germany and is a leading research university: It is among the five universities in Germany with the strongest effort in research. ... Karlsruher Virtueller Katalog is a book search engine administered by the library of the University of Karlsruhe. ...


References

  1. ^ Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg
  2. ^ Chabad Karlsruhe
  3. ^ Karlsruhe condolence book

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Karlsruhe


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

Urban districts and districts in the Federal State of Baden-Württemberg in Germany
Urban
districts

Baden-Baden · Freiburg · Heidelberg · Heilbronn · Karlsruhe · Mannheim · Pforzheim · Stuttgart · Ulm Image File history File links Flag_of_Baden-Württemberg_(state,_greater_arms). ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE1 Capital Stuttgart Prime Minister Günther Oettinger (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  35,752 km² (13,804 sq mi) Population 10,741,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 300... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Baden-Baden is a town in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Freiburg im Breisgau is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, in the Breisgau region, on the western edge of the southern Black Forest (German: Schwarzwald) with about 214,000 inhabitants. ... Heidelberg is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... View of the Heilbronn centre of town toward the Wartberg. ... Mannheim is a city in Germany. ... Pforzheim is a town of 119,000 inhabitants in the state of Baden-Württemberg, south-west Germany at the gate to the Black Forest. ... City Center seen from Weinsteige Road Solitude Palace The 1956 TV Tower U.S. Army Kelley Barracks Stuttgart (IPA: []) is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. ... Ulm is a city in the German Bundesland of Baden-Württemberg, situated on the river Danube, about 90 km south-east of Stuttgart and 140 km north-west of Munich. ...

Rural
districts

Alb-Donau · Biberach · Bodensee · Böblingen · Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald · Calw · Konstanz (Constance) · Emmendingen · Enz · Esslingen · Freudenstadt · Göppingen · Heidenheim · Heilbronn (district) · Hohenlohe · Karlsruhe (district) · Lörrach · Ludwigsburg · Main-Tauber · Neckar-Odenwald · Ortenau · Ostalbkreis · Rastatt · Ravensburg · Rems-Murr · Reutlingen · Rhein-Neckar · Rottweil · Schwarzwald-Baar · Schwäbisch Hall · Sigmaringen · Tuttlingen · Tübingen · Waldshut · Zollernalb Alb-Donau is a district in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Biberach [bi:bÉ™rax] is a district in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Bodensee is a district (Kreis) in the south-east of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Böblingen is a district (Kreis) in the middle of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Breisgau_Hochschwarzwald is a Kreis (district) in the south of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Calw is a district (Kreis) in the middle of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Konstanz (also sometimes in English Constance) is a district (Kreis) in the south of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Emmendingen is a district (Kreis) in the west of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Enz is a district (Kreis) in the north-west of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Esslingen is a district (Kreis) in the middle of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Freudenstadt is a district (Kreis) in the middle of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Göppingen is a Kreis (district) in the middle of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Heidenheim is a district (Kreis) in the east of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Heilbronn is a district (Kreis) in the north of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Hohenlohe is a district (Kreis) in the north of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Karlsruhe is a district (Kreis) in the north-west of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Lörrach is a Kreis (district) in the south-west of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Ludwigsburg is a district (Kreis) in the middle of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Main-Tauber is a district (Kreis) in the north-east of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis is a district (Kreis) in the north of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Ortenaukreis is a district (Kreis) in the west of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... The Ostalbkreis is a district (Kreis) in the east of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Rastatt is a district (Kreis) in the west of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Ravensburg is a district (Kreis) in the south-east of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Rems-Murr is a district (Kreis) in the middle of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Reutlingen is a district (Kreis) in the middle of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Rhein-Neckar-Kreis is a district (Kreis) in the north-west of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Rottweil is a district (Kreis) in the middle of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Schwarzwald-Baar is a district (Kreis) in the middle of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Schwäbisch-Hall is a district (Kreis) in the north-east of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Sigmaringen is a district (Kreis) in the south of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Tuttlingen is a district (Kreis) in the south of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Tübingen is a district (Kreis) in the middle of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Waldshut is a district (Kreis) in the south of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... The Zollernalbkreis is a district (Kreis) in the middle of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Karlsruhe - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1571 words)
Karlsruhe (population 275,049 in December 2005) is a city in the south west of Germany, in the Bundesland Baden-Württemberg, located near the French-German border.
Karlsruhe is well known in transport circles around the world for pioneering the concept of operating trams on train tracks (tram-trains), to achieve a more effective and attractive public transport system.
Karlsruhe is the seat of the German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht) and the highest Court of Appeals in civil and criminal cases, the Bundesgerichtshof.
AllRefer.com - Karlsruhe, Germany (German Political Geography) - Encyclopedia (303 words)
Karlsruhe was founded in 1715 by Karl Wilhelm, margrave of Baden-Durlach, to replace nearby Durlach (incorporated into Karlsruhe in 1938) as the margravial residence.
The old part of Karlsruhe, badly damaged in World War II, was laid out as a vast semicircle with the streets converging radially upon the ducal palace (1752–85; restored after 1945).
The city has a university (founded as a technical academy in 1825), a school of fine arts, a school of music, a center for atomic research, well-known theaters and art galleries, and a large conference center, the Schwarzwaldhalle (1953–54).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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