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Encyclopedia > Karlis Ulmanis

Kārlis Ulmanis (b. September 4, 1877 in Berze, Latvia - d. September 20, 1942) was the most prominent Latvian politician in pre-World War II Latvia during the Latvian period of independence from 1918 to 1940. September 4 is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years). ... 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years). ... 1942 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Karlis Ulmanis - Prime Minister

Ulmanis studied agriculture at the ETH Zurich, Switzerland and at Leipzig University, Germany and then worked in Latvia as a writer, lecturer, and manager in agricultural positons. He was politically active during the 1905 Revolution, was arrested once for his political views and subsequently fled Latvia to avoid incarceration by the Russians for advocating the independence of Latvia. During this period of exile, Ulmanis studied at the University of Nebraska in the United States, earning a Bachelor of Science degree in agriculture. After working briefly at that university as a lecturer, Ulmanis moved to Houston, Texas where he had purchased a dairy business. Karlis Ulmanis as the First Prime Minister of Latvia The copyright status of this vintage image is undetermined; it may still be copyrighted. ... Karlis Ulmanis as the First Prime Minister of Latvia The copyright status of this vintage image is undetermined; it may still be copyrighted. ... ETH Zurich (from its German name Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich, ETHZ) is the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zürich, Switzerland. ... The University of Leipzig is one of the oldest universities in Europe. ... (Redirected from 1905 Revolution) The Russian Revolution of 1905 was a country-wide spasm of anti-government and undirected violence. ... University of Nebraska seal The University of Nebraska is the main public higher education outlet of the State of Nebraska in the United States. ... Houston redirects here. ... State nickname: Lone Star State Other U.S. States Capital Austin Largest city Houston Governor Rick Perry Official languages None. ...


Ulmanis returned to Latvia from exile in 1913, after being informed that it was safe to return due to the declaration of a general amnesty by the Russian tsar. This safety was shortlived as World War I broke out one year later. Tsar ( Bulgarian цар, Russian царь,  listen?; often spelled Czar or Tzar and sometimes Csar or Zar in English), was the title used for the autocratic rulers of the First and Second Bulgarian Empires since 913, in Serbia in the middle of the 14th century, and in Russia from 1547 to... Missing image Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ...

Karlis Ulmanis - Student

In the aftermath of WWI, see Latvia, Ulmanis was one of the principal founders of the Latvian People's Council (Tautas Padome), which proclaimed Latvia's independence from Russia on November 18, 1918. A constitutional convention established Latvia as a parliamentary democracy in 1920. Ulmanis was the first Prime Minister of a Latvia which had become independent for the first time in 700 years. He also served as Prime Minister in several subsequent Latvian goverment administrations during the period of Latvian independence from 1918 to 1940. In addition, he founded the Latvian Agrarian (Farmer's) Union, one of the two most prominent political parties in Latvia at that time. Karlis Ulmanis receiving his B.S. degree The copyright status of this vintage image is undetermined; it may still be copyrighted. ... Karlis Ulmanis receiving his B.S. degree The copyright status of this vintage image is undetermined; it may still be copyrighted. ... Tautas Padome (Latvias Peoples Council) was a temporary council which declared Latvias independence in 1918 and then acted as a temporary parliament until a Constitutional Assembly (Satversmes Sapulce) was elected. ... November 18 is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years), with 43 remaining. ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


On May 15, 1934, due to the economic repercussions of the Great Depression and the political and military dangers faced by Latvia from the rise to power of aggressive governments in Germany and Russia, Ulmanis as Prime Minister dissolved the Latvian Parliament Saeima and established executive non-parliamentary authoritarian rule. The incumbent President Alberts Kviesis was allowed to serve the rest of his term until 1936, after which Ulmanis merged the office of President and Prime Minister in his own person. May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (136th in leap years). ... 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... --209. ... The Saeima is the parliament of Latvia. ... Alberts Kviesis (December 22, 1881 _ August 9, 1944) was a Latvian politician and the third president of Latvia. ... 1936 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


In spite of this bloodless political coup, Ulmanis was a popular leader during whose leadership Latvia recorded major achievments. During Ulmanis' rule, education was strongly emphasized and literacy rates in Latvia reached the highest levels in Europe. Due to an application of the economics of comparative advantage, the United Kingdom and Germany became Latvia's major trade partners, while trade with Russia was reduced. At a time when most of the world's economy was suffering, Latvia could point to increases in both gross national product (GNP) and in exports of Latvian goods overseas. Measures of national income and output are used in economics to estimate the value of goods and services produced in an economy. ...

Karlis Ulmanis - Plaque

In 1939, Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Russia signed a secret protocol, the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, dividing Eastern Europe into spheres of influence, and confirming Ulmanis' worst fears of both nations. Latvia was thereby assigned to the Russian sphere, and in 1940, Latvia was forcibly occupied by the Soviet Union. Ulmanis ordered Latvians to show no resistance to the Soviet Army, against whom they had no chance of military defense. The phrase "I will remain in my place and you remain in your places" from his radio speech on this occasion is still famous, and may have saved many lives, although many lives were still lost during WWII, cutting the population of Latvia by more than a third. Although the U.S. State Department had information at that time that the Soviet Union had agreed to exile Ulmanis to Switzerland, he was in fact arrested by the Soviets and deported to points unknown. His fate was only cleared in the post-Gorbachev era. Ulmanis is now known to have died in a prison in Krasnovodsk (the present Turkmenistan) during World War II. Karlis Ulmanis Plaque at the University of Nebraska The copyright status of this vintage image is undetermined; it may still be copyrighted. ... Karlis Ulmanis Plaque at the University of Nebraska The copyright status of this vintage image is undetermined; it may still be copyrighted. ... Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945, standard German pronunciation in the IPA) was the Führer (leader) of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) and of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. ... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვილი; see Other names section) (December 21, 1879[1] – March 5, 1953) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and leader of the Soviet Union. ... Molotov (lower left), Ribbentrop (in black) and Stalin (far right) The Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, also known as the Hitler-Stalin pact or Nazi-Soviet pact and formally known as the Treaty of Nonaggression between Germany and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, was a non-aggression treaty between Germany and... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Türkmenbaşy is a city in Turkmenistan, part of the Balkan Welayaty, on the shore of the Caspian Sea. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...


Ulmanis remains a popular if also controversial figure in modern-day Latvia. Many Latvians view him as a symbol of Latvia's independence in pre-World War II Latvia. Others credit Ulmanis for the rise of Latvian economic prosperity in the 20th century. Others think that somene who disbanded Parliament and adopted a form of executive if benevolent authoritarian rule cannot be regarded as a positive figure, even if that rule was a relatively prosperous one. One substantiation that Ulmanis is still very popular in Latvia is that his grand-nephew Guntis Ulmanis was elected President of Latvia in 1993. The term authoritarian is used to describe an organization or a state which enforces strong and sometimes oppressive measures against the population, generally without attempts at gaining the consent of the population. ... Guntis Ulmanis (born on September 13, 1939) is a Latvian politician and was the president of Latvia from 1993 to 1999. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, universities, and countries. ... 1993 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003) Events Media:January January 1 - Czechoslovakia divides. ...


External links

  • Karlis Ulmanis postal stamp (http://www.riga.post.lv/markas/engl/2001/id_103e.htm)
  • Biography in Latvian (http://www.historia.lv/alfabets/U/ul/ulmanis/ulmanis.htm)
Preceded by:
Alberts Kviesis
President of Latvia Succeeded by:
Soviet occupation1

1 - Anatolijs Gorbunovs assumed presidential duties upon the restoration of Latvian independence in 1990. Alberts Kviesis (December 22, 1881 _ August 9, 1944) was a Latvian politician and the third president of Latvia. ... See also: Lists of office-holders Categories: Lists of office-holders | Latvia | Presidents of Latvia ... Anatolijs Gorbunovs (b. ... 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Kārlis Ulmanis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (767 words)
Ulmanis studied agriculture at the ETH Zurich, Switzerland and at Leipzig University, Germany and then worked in Latvia as a writer, lecturer, and manager in agricultural positons.
Ulmanis returned to Latvia from exile in 1913, after being informed that it was safe to return due to the declaration of a general amnesty by the Russian tsar.
Ulmanis is now known to have died in a prison in Krasnovodsk in the present Turkmenistan during World War II.
EZGeography - Karlis Ulmanis (758 words)
In the aftermath of WWI, see Latvia, Ulmanis was one of the principal founders of the Latvian People's Council (Tautas Padome), which proclaimed Latvia's independence from Russia on November 18, 1918.
In spite of this bloodless political coup, Ulmanis was a popular leader during whose leadership Latvia recorded major achievments.
One substantiation that Ulmanis is still very popular in Latvia is that his grand-nephew Guntis Ulmanis was elected President of Latvia in 1993.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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