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Encyclopedia > Karle

Karla Caves, an example of Indian rock cut architecture, is a complex of cave shrines built by Buddhist monks around 3rd to 2nd century B.C. It is located in Karli near Lonavala, a hill station, in the western state of Maharashtra between the cities of Mumbai and Pune in India. It is on a major trade route that runs from the Arabian Sea eastward, into the Deccan. Karli's location in Maharashtra places it in a region that is the division between North India and South India.[1] Ellora cave 16 Indian rock cut architecture is more various and in greater abundance than any place else in the world. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... Karli (also Karla) is a town on the highway between Pune and Mumbai in southern Maharashtra in India. ... Lonavala is a hill station in the western state of Maharashtra in India. ... Maharashtra   (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , English: , IPA: ) is Indias third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Mumbai (Marathi: मुंबई, IPA: ), formerly known as Bombay, is the capital of the state of Maharashtra, the most populous city of India, and by some measures the most populous city in the world with an estimated population of about 13 million (as of 2006). ... Pune (Poona) (Marathi:पुणे) (Hindi:पूना), is a city located in the western Indian state of Maharashtra. ... A trade route is the sequence of pathways and stopping places used for the commercial transport of cargo. ... Map of the Arabian Sea. ... The Deccan Plateau is a vast plateau in India, encompassing most of Central and Southern India. ... Maharashtra   (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , English: , IPA: ) is Indias third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Dark green region marks the approximate extent of northern India while the regions marked as light green lies within the sphere of north Indian influence. ... South India is a linguistic-cultural region of India that comprises the four Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Pondicherry, whose inhabitants are collectively referred to as South Indians. ...

Contents

Caves

This complex of very well-preserved Hinayana Buddhist caves, built on the difficult terrain of a rocky hillside, is one of the finest examples of the ancient rock-cut caves to be found in India.[2] The large Karle caves were excavated by hewing out the rock. Great windows light the interiors.[3] The main cave has a magnificent Chaitya with huge pillars and intricately carved reliefs dating back to the 1st century B.C.[4] There are well carved sculptures of both males and females, as well as animals, including lions and elephants, a testimony to the skill of the artisan builders. Within the complex are a great many other magnificently carved prayer halls or chaityas as well as viharas or dwelling places for the monks. A feature of these caves is their arched entrances and vaulted interiors. Built in the time of the Hinayana Buddhists, these caves do not actually show the image of Buddha.[5] The outside facade has intricate details carved to imitate finished wood. The central motif is a large horsehoe arch. There is a lion column in front, with a closed stone facade and torana in between.[1] Hinayana (Sanskrit: inferior vehicle; Chinese:小乘, Xiǎoshèng; Japanese: Shōjō) is a term coined by the Mahayana, which appeared publicly around the 1st century CE. There are differing views on the use and meaning of the term, both among scholars and within Buddhism. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... A chaitya-griha (stupa hall) is a meeting or assembly often used for purposes similar to a stupa. ... In the art of sculpture, a relief is an artwork where a modelled form projects out of a flat background. ... A chaitya-griha (stupa hall) is a meeting or assembly often used for purposes similar to a stupa. ... Vihara is a Sanskrit and Pali word designating a Buddhist monastery. ... Isometric view of a typical arch An arch is a curved structure capable of spanning a space while supporting significant weight (e. ... The Lierne vault of the Liebfrauenkirche, Mühlacker 1482. ... Hinayana (Sanskrit: inferior vehicle; Chinese:小乘, Xiǎoshèng; Japanese: Shōjō) is a term coined by the Mahayana, which appeared publicly around the 1st century CE. There are differing views on the use and meaning of the term, both among scholars and within Buddhism. ... Media:Example. ... Look up motif in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Isometric view of a typical arch An arch is a curved structure capable of spanning a space while supporting significant weight (e. ... A torana is an element of Hindu and Buddhist architecture. ...


During this period it is likely that thousands of caves like Karla were excavated in the Sahyadri Hills. The Western Ghats or Sahyadri mountains run along the western edge of Indias Deccan Plateau, and separate the plateau from a narrow coastal plain along the Arabian Sea. ...


Notes

  1. ^ a b Later Andhra Period India. Retrieved on 2007-01-24.
  2. ^ Karla Caves. Retrieved on 2006-09-16.
  3. ^ Cave Architecture. Retrieved on 2007-02-15.
  4. ^ 5000 Years of Indian Architecture. Retrieved on 2006-12-21.
  5. ^ Buddhist Karla Caves. Retrieved on 2006-09-16.

2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 16 is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... February 15 is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 21 is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 16 is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years). ...

See also

Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple is located in Bangalore in the state of Karnataka in India. ... Bangalore (proposed to be renamed Bengalooru or Bengaluru) (Kannada: ; pronunciation: in Kannada and in English) is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Kukke Subrahmanya Temple is a cave temple in the heart of the small village of Subramanya deep in the forests bordering the Western Ghats about 105 km from Mangalore in state of Karnataka, India. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Badami Cave temple is at Badami in the Bagalkot District in the north part of the Karnataka state of India. ... The Undavalli Caves, and example of Indian rock cut architecture are located in the village of Undavalli in Guntur District, in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. ... Ellora cave 16 Indian rock cut architecture is more various and in greater abundance than any place else in the world. ...

External links


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