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Encyclopedia > Karl Schwarzschild

Karl Schwarzschild (October 9, 1873 - May 11, 1916) was a noted German Jewish physicist and astronomer, father of astrophysicist Martin Schwarzschild. October 9 is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in Leap years). ... 1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... May 11 is the 131st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (132nd in leap years). ... 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... A physicist is a scientist trained in physics. ... An astronomer or spmething i cant inderstand is a scientist whose area of research is astronomy or astrophysics. ... An astrophysicist is a person whose profession is astrophysics. ... Martin Schwarzschild (May 31, 1912 – April 10, 1997) was a German-American astronomer. ...

Karl Schwarzschild
Karl Schwarzschild

He was born in Frankfurt am Main. Something of a child prodigy he had a paper on orbits published when he was only sixteen. He studied at Strasbourg and Munich, obtaining his doctorate in 1896 for a work on Jules Henri Poincaré's theories. Photo of Karl Schwarzschild This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Frankfurt am Main [ˈfraŋkfʊrt] is the largest city in the German state of Hessen and the fifth largest city of Germany. ... In physics, an orbit is the path that an object makes, around another object, whilst under the influence of a source of centripetal force, such as gravity. ... City motto: – City proper (commune) Région Alsace Département Bas-Rhin (67) Mayor Fabienne Keller (UMP) (since 2001) Area 78. ... Munich: Frauenkirche and Town Hall steeple Munich (German: München (pronounced listen) is the state capital of the German state of Bavaria. ... 1896 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Henri Poincaré, photograph from the frontispiece of the 1913 edition of Last Thoughts Jules Henri Poincaré (April 29, 1854 – July 17, 1912), generally known as Henri Poincaré, was one of Frances greatest mathematicians, theoretical scientists and a philosopher of science. ...


From 1897 on he worked as assistant at the Kuffner Sternwarte (Observatory) in Vienna, where he developed a formula to calculate the properties of photographic material involving an exponent now know as the Schwarzschild-exponent (p in formula below).



From 1901 until 1909 he was a professor at the prestigious institute at Göttingen, where he had the opportunity to work with some significant figures including David Hilbert and Hermann Minkowski. Schwarzschild became the director of the observatory in Göttingen. He moved to a post at the Astrophysical Observatory in Potsdam in 1909. 1901 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1909 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Landmark Gänseliesel fountain at the main market Göttingen (   listen?) is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... David Hilbert David Hilbert (January 23, 1862 – February 14, 1943) was a German mathematician born in Wehlau, near Königsberg, Prussia (now Znamensk, near Kaliningrad, Russia) who is recognized as one of the most influential mathematicians of the 19th and early 20th centuries. ... Hermann Minkowski. ... (This article is about the German city of Potsdam. ... 1909 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


From 1912, Schwarzschild was a member of the Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Prussian Academy of Sciences).


At the outbreak of World War I in 1914 he joined the German army despite being over 40 years old and served on both the western and eastern fronts, rising to the rank of lieutenant in the artillery. World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machineguns, and poison gas. ... 1914 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...


While serving in Russia in 1915, he wrote two main papers, one on relativity theory and one on quantum theory. His work on relativity produced the first exact solutions to the general gravitational equations - one for non-rotating spherically symmetric bodies and one for static isotropic empty space surrounding any massive body. From the second he undertook some pioneering work on classical black holes. Two properties of black holes have been given his name - the Schwarzschild metric and the Schwarzschild radius. The papers were sent to Einstein and were later published in the Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Transactions of the Prussian Academy of Sciences). 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Albert Einsteins theory of relativity is a set of two theories in physics: special relativity and general relativity. ... Fig. ... A black hole is a concentration of mass great enough that the force of gravity prevents anything from escaping from it except through quantum tunneling behavior. ... In Einsteins theory of general relativity, the Schwarzschild solution (or the Schwarzschild vacuum) describes the gravitational field outside a spherical, non-rotating mass such as a (non-rotating) star, planet, or black hole. ... The Schwarzschild radius or gravitational radius is a characteristic radius associated with every mass. ... For other topics related to Einstein see Einstein (disambiguation). ...


In astronomy he undertook measurements of variable stars, using photography. He also worked on improving optical systems, devising a perturbation equation to investigate geometrical aberrations. Most stars are of nearly constant luminosity. ...


He is said to have died either of an illness contracted while serving in Russia during the Great War or of a "rare metabolic disorder". Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Karl Schwarzschild - Wikipedia (355 words)
Karl Schwarzschild wurde in Frankfurt als ältestes Kind einer wohlhabenden Familie geboren.
Karl Schwarzschild ist der Vater des Astrophysikers Martin Schwarzschild.
Schwarzschild leistete einige grundlegende Arbeiten über klassische Schwarze Löcher.
Karl Schwarzschild - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (394 words)
Karl Schwarzschild (October 9, 1873 - May 11, 1916) was a noted German Jewish physicist and astronomer, father of astrophysicist Martin Schwarzschild.
Schwarzschild became the director of the observatory in Göttingen.
At the outbreak of World War I in 1914 he joined the German army despite being over 40 years old and served on both the western and eastern fronts, rising to the rank of lieutenant in the artillery.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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