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Encyclopedia > Karl Philipp Fürst zu Schwarzenberg

Karl Philipp Fürst zu Schwarzenberg (or Prince Karl Philipp zu Schwarzenberg (April 18, 1771 - October 15, 1820), Austrian generalissimo, was born at Vienna. April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... 1771 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... October 15 is the 288th day of the year (289th in Leap years). ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Vienna (German: Wien [viːn]) is the capital of Austria, and also one of Austrias nine federal states (Bundesland Wien). ...


He entered the imperial cavalry in 1788, fought in 1789 under Lacy and Loudon against the Turks, distinguished himself by his bravery, and became major in 1792. In the French campaign of 1793 he served in the advanced guard of the army commanded by Prince Josias of Coburg, and at Cateau Cambresis in 1794 his impetuous charge at the head of his regiment, vigorously supported by twelve British squadrons, broke a whole corps of the French, killed and wounded 3000 men, and brought off 32 of the enemy's guns. He was immediately decorated with the Cross of the Order of Maria Theresa. An army unit consisting of mounted soldiers is commonly known as cavalry. ... 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Franz Moritz Graf von Lacy Lascy (Count Franz Moritz von Lacy), (October 21, 1725–November 24, 1801), Austrian field marshal, was born at St Petersburg. ... Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon (or Loudon) (February 2, 1717 - July 14, 1790), Austrian field marshal, was born at Tootzen in Livonia. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Prince Frederick Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (26 December 1737 - 26 February 1815), a son of Duke Josias Francis of Coburg (German: Koburg) became a famous general of the Holy Roman Empire. ... Le Cateau-Cambrésis is a commune in northern France, in the Nord département. ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... A military decoration is a decoration given to military personnel or units for heroism in battle or distinguished service. ...


After taking part in the battles of Amberg and Würzburg in 1796 he was raised to the rank of major-general, and in 1799 he was promoted lieutenant field marshal. At the defeat of Hohenlinden in 1800 his promptitude and courage saved the right wing of the Austrian army from destruction, and he was afterwards entrusted by the Archduke Charles with the command of the rearguard. In the war of 1805 he held command of a division under Mack, and when Ulm was surrounded by Napoleon in October he was one of the brave band of cavalry, under the Archduke Ferdinand, which cut its way through the hostile lines. In the same year he was made a Commander of the Order of Maria Theresa and in 1809 he received the Golden Fleece. 1796 was a leap year starting on Friday. ... The Battle of Hohenlinden near Munich was fought on December 3, 1800, during the French victory under General Moreau against the Austrians under Archduke Karl, forcing him to sign an armistice. ... Archduke Charles Archduke Charles of Austria (Erzherzog Karl) (September 5, 1771 - April 30, 1847) was the younger brother of Holy Roman Emperor Francis II. Despite being epileptic, Charles achieved respect both as a commander and as a reformer of Austrias army. ... Karl Freiherr Mack von Leiberich (August 25, 1752 - December 22, 1828), Austrian soldier, was born at Nenslingen, in Bavaria. ... Ulm is a city in Germany, part of the Bundesland of Baden-Württemberg (about 100 km south-east of Stuttgart). ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... There have been several men titled Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, including: Archduke Ferdinand Karl Anton Joseph Johann Stanislaus of Austria-Este (1754-1806), fourth son and fourteenth child of Franz I and Maria Theresa, became heir to the Duchies of Modena and Reggio through his marriage to the Este heiress... The Order of the Golden Fleece (Ordre de la Toison dOr in French) is an order of chivalry founded in 1430 by Duke Philip III of Burgundy to celebrate his marriage to the Portuguese princess Isabelle of Aviz Neck Chain of a Knight of the Order of the Golden...


When in 1808, in view of a new war with France, Austria decided to send a special envoy to Russia, Schwarzenberg, who was persona grata at the Court of St Petersburg, was selected. He returned, however, in time to take part in the Battle of Wagram, and was soon afterwards promoted general of cavalry. After the peace of Vienna he was sent to Paris to negotiate the marriage between Napoleon and the Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria. The prince gave a ball in honour of the bride on 1 July 1810, which ended in the tragic death of many of the guests, including his own sister-in-law, in a fire. 1808 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Royal court (as distinguished from a court of law) may refer to a number of institutions: A noble court - the household or entourage of a monarch or other ruler The Royal Court of Jersey - the main court of justice of Jersey The Royal Court of Guernsey - the main court of... A bivouac of Polish Uhlans at Wagram painted by January Suchodolski. ... Bonaparte as general, by Antoine-Jean Gros. ... Marie Louise (December 12, 1791 - December 17, 1847) was the second wife of Napoléon Bonaparte and Empress of the French. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


Napoleon held Schwarzenberg in great esteem, and it was at his request that the prince took command of the Austrian auxiliary corps in the Russian campaign of 1812. The part of the Austrians was well understood to be politically rather than morally hostile, and Schwarzenberg gained some minor successes by skilful manoeuvres without a great battle. Afterwards, under instructions from Napoleon, he remained for some months inactive at Pultusk. In 1813, when Austria, after many hesitations, took the side of the allies against Napoleon, Schwarzenberg, recently promoted to field marshal, was appointed commander-in-chief of the allied Grand Army of Bohemia. As such he was the senior of the allied generals who conducted the campaign of 1813-1814 to the final victory before Paris and the overthrow of Napoleon. The invasion of the Russian Empire led by Napoleon in 1812 was a critical turning point in the Napoleonic wars. ... Bohemia Historical map of Bohemia Bohemia is also a place in the State of New York in the United States of America: see Bohemia, New York. ... Battle of Paris Conflict Napoleonic Wars Date March 30-31, 1814 Place Paris, France Result Allied victory The Battle of Paris was fought during the Napoleonic Wars in 1814. ...


It is the fashion to accuse Schwarzenberg of timidity and over-caution, and his operations can easily be made to appear in that colour when contrasted with those of his principal subordinate, the fiery Blücher, but critics often forget that Schwarzenberg was an Austrian general first of all, that his army was practically the whole force that Austria could put into the field in Central Europe, and was therefore not lightly to be risked, and that the motives of his pusillanimity should be sought in the political archives of Vienna rather than in the text-books of strategical theory. In any case his victory, however achieved, was as complete as Austria desired, and his rewards were many, the Grand Crosses of the Order of Maria Theresa and of many foreign orders, an estate, the position of President of the Hofkriegsrath, and, as a specially remarkable honour, the right to bear the arms of Austria as an escutcheon of pretence. But shortly afterwards, having lost his sister Caroline, to whom he was deeply attached, he fell ill. A stroke disabled him in 1817, and in 1820, when revisiting Leipzig, the scene of the Völkerschlacht that he had directed seven years before, he suffered a second stroke. He died there on the 15th of October. Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher (December 16, 1742 in Rostock (Mecklenburg) - September 12, 1819) in Krieblowitz (Silesia), graf((count), later elevated Prince of Wahlstatt, was a Prussian general who led his army against Napoleon Bonaparte at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. ... Military strategy in the Waterloo campaign Military strategy is a collective name for planning the conduct of warfare. ... A stroke or cerebrovascular accident (CVA) occurs when the blood supply to a part of the brain is suddenly interrupted by occlusion (an ischemic stroke- approximately 90% of strokes), by hemorrhage (a hemorrhagic stroke - less than 10% of strokes) or other causes. ... Map of Germany showing Leipzig Leipzig [ˈlaiptsɪç] (Polish; Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk) is the largest city in the federal state (Bundesland) of Saxony in Germany. ... The Battle of Leipzig (October 16-19, 1813), also called the Battle of the Nations, was the largest conflict in the Napoleonic Wars and the most decisive defeat suffered by Napoleon Bonaparte. ...


His eldest son, Friedrich, Prince zu Schwarzenberg (1800-1870), had an adventurous career as a soldier, and described his wanderings and campaigns in several interesting works, of which the best known is his Wanderungen eines Lanzknechtes (1844-1845). He took part as an Austrian officer in the campaigns of Galicia 1846, Italy 1848 and Hungary 1848, and as an amateur in the French conquest of Algeria, the Carlist wars in Spain and the Swiss civil war of the Sonderbund. He became a major-general in the Austrian army in 1849, and died after many years of well-filled leisure in 1870. The second son, Karl Philipp (d. 1858), was a Feldzeugmeister; the third, Edmund Leopold Friedrich (1803-1873), a field marshal in the Austrian army. Of Schwarzenberg's nephews, Felix, the statesman, is separately noticed, and Friedrich Johann Josef Coelestin (1800-1885) was a cardinal and a prominent figure in papal and Austrian history. 1800 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, or simply Galicia, was the largest and northernmost province of Austria from 1772 until 1918, with Lemberg (Lwów, Lviv) as its capital city. ... 1858 is a common year starting on Friday. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1800 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1885 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...


References

  • Anton Prokesch-Osten: Denkwürdigkeiten aus dem Leben des Feldmarschalls Fürsten Carl zu Schwarzenberg. Vienna, 1823
  • Adolph Berger: Das Fürstenhaus Schwarzenberg. Vienna, 1866
    • and a memoir by Adolph Berger in Streffleur's Österreichische Militärische Zeitschrift Jhg. 1863.

Reference

(Redirected from 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica) The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ...

Notes

  • Note regarding personal style: Fürst is a title, usually translated Prince. However, the title "Prinz" is also translated Prince, though "Fürst" and "Prinz" are not equivalent. The female title is Fürstin.

 
 

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