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Encyclopedia > Karl Liebknecht

(August 13, 1871 - January 15, 1919) was a German socialist and a co-founder of the Spartacist League and the Communist Party of Germany. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (692x828, 90 KB)public domain File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (692x828, 90 KB)public domain File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links De-Karl_Liebknecht. ... August 13 is the 225th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (226th in leap years), with 140 days remaining. ... 1871 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The color red and particularly the red flag are traditional symbols of Socialism. ... This article is about the Spartacist League which existed in post-First World War Germany. ... The Communist Party of Germany (in German, Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands – KPD) was formed in December of 1918 from the Spartacist League, which originated as a small factional grouping within the Social Democratic Party (SPD), and the International Communists of Germany (IKD). ...


Born in Leipzig, he was the son of Wilhelm Liebknecht, one of the founders of the Social Democratic Party of Germany. However, Karl Liebknecht was more radical than his father; he became an exponent of Marxist ideas during his study of law and political economy in Leipzig and Berlin, and after serving with the Imperial Pioneer Guards in Potsdam from 1893 to 1894 and internships in Arnsberg and Paderborn from 1894 to 1898, he earned his doctorate in 1897 and moved to Berlin in 1899 where he opened a lawyer's office with his brother, Theodor Liebknecht. Leipzig â–¶(?) [] (Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk) is the largest city in the federal state (Bundesland) of Saxony in Germany. ... Wilhelm Liebknecht Wilhelm Liebknecht (March 29, 1826 - August 7, 1900) was a German social democrat, one of the founders of the SPD and father of Karl Liebknecht and Theodor Liebknecht. ... SPD redirects here. ... Marxism is the political practice and social theory based on the works of Karl Marx, a 19th century philosopher, economist, journalist, and revolutionary, along with Friedrich Engels. ... Leipzig â–¶(?) [] (Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk) is the largest city in the federal state (Bundesland) of Saxony in Germany. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... (This article is about the German city of Potsdam. ... 1893 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Map of Germany showing Arnsberg Arnsberg is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Position of Paderborn in Germany Paderborn is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, capital of the district Paderborn. ... 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1898 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1897 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... 1899 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Theodor Liebknecht (1870 - 1948) was a German socialist politician. ...


Liebknecht married Julia Paradies on May 8, 1900; the couple had two sons and a daughter before Liebknecht's wife died in 1911. May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (129th in leap years). ... 1900 (MCM) is a common year starting on Monday. ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ...


As a lawyer, Karl Liebknecht often defended other left-wing socialists who were tried for offences such as smuggling socialist propaganda into Russia, a task in which he was involved himself as well. He became a member of the SPD in 1900 and was president of the Socialist Youth International from 1907 to 1910; Liebknecht also wrote extensively against militarism, and one of his papers, "Militarismus und Antimilitarismus" ("militarism and antimilitarism") led to him being arrested in 1907 and imprisoned for eighteen months in Glatz, Silesia. In the next year he was elected to the Prussian parliament, despite still being in prison. Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands in German) Serial Presence Detect of computer memory modules Categories: Disambiguation ... 1900 (MCM) is a common year starting on Monday. ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Militarism expounds that the foundation of a societys security is its military capacity, and claims that the development and maintenance of the military to ensure that capacity is the most important goal for that society. ... Antimilitarism is a doctrine commonly found in the anarchist and socialist movement, which may be both characterized as internationalist movements. ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Motto: none Voivodship Lower Silesian Municipal government Rada Miejska w Kłodzku Mayor Roman Lipski Area 25 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 30. ... Prussian Silesia, 1871, outlined in yellow; Silesia at the close of the Seven Years War in 1763, outlined in cyan (areas now in Czech Republic were Austrian-ruled at that time) Silesia (-Latin, Polish: ÅšlÄ…sk, German: Schlesien, Czech: Slezsko) is a historical region in central Europe. ...


Karl Liebknecht was an active member of the Second International and a founder of the "Socialist Youth International". In 1912 Liebknecht was elected to the Reichstag as a Social-Democrat, a member of the SPD's left wing. He opposed Germany's participation in World War I, but following the party line he voted to authorise the necessary war loans on 4th August 1914. On 2nd December 1914 he was the only member of the Reichstag to vote against the war, including 110 of his own Party members. He continued to be a major critic of the Social-Democratic leadership under Karl Kautsky and its decision to acquiesce in going to war. In October that year, he also married his second wife, art historian Sophie Ryss. The phrase Second International has two meanings: For the international association of socialist parties of the late 19th century, see Second International (politics) and a successor organization, the Socialist International For one of the Merriam-Webster dictionaries of American English, see Websters New International Dictionary, Second Edition This is... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ... The Reichstag (German for Imperial Diet) was the parliament of the Holy Roman Empire, the North German Confederation, and of Germany until 1945. ... Clockwise from top: Trenches in frontline, a British Mark I Tank crossing a trench, the Royal Navy battleship HMS Irresistible sinking after striking a mine at the battle of the Dardanelles, a Vickers machine gun crew with gas masks and a Sopwith Camel biplane. ... Karl Kautsky Karl Kautsky (October 18, 1854 - October 17, 1938) was a leading theoretician of social democracy. ...


At the end of 1914, Liebknecht, together with Rosa Luxemburg, Leo Jogiches, Paul Levi, Ernest Meyer, Franz Mehring and Clara Zetkin formed the so-called Spartacist League (Spartakusbund); the league publicized its views in a newspaper titled Spartakusbriefe ("Spartacus Letters") which was soon declared illegal. Liebknecht was arrested and sent to the eastern front during World War I for the group's echoing of Russian Bolsheviks' arguments for a Proletarian Revolution; refusing to fight, he served burying the dead, and due to his rapidly deteriorating health was allowed to return to Germany in October 1915. Rosa Luxemburg Rosa Luxemburg (March 5, 1870 or 1871 – January 15, 1919, in Polish language Róża Luksemburg) was a Polish-born German Marxist political theorist, socialist philosopher, and revolutionary. ... Leo Jogiches Leo Jogiches, also known by his party name Tyska (born 17 July 1867, was born in the multi national city of Vilnius and died 10 March 1919 in Berlin). ... Paul Levi Paul Levi (March 11, 1883 – February 9, 1930) was a German Communist politician. ... Franz Erdmann Mehring (born 27 February 1846 in Schlawe, Pomerania, died 29 January 1919 in Berlin), was a German publicist, politician and historian. ... Clara Zetkin, maiden name Eissner (born 5 July 1857 in Wiederau, Saxony; died 20 June 1933 in Archangelskoye near Moscow) was an influential socialist German politician and a fighter for womens rights. ... The Spartacist League (Spartakusbund in German) was a left-wing Marxist revolutionary movement organized in Germany during and just after the politically volatile years of World War I. It was founded by Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg (nicknamed Red Rosa) along with others such as Clara Zetkin. ... Clockwise from top: Trenches in frontline, a British Mark I Tank crossing a trench, the Royal Navy battleship HMS Irresistible sinking after striking a mine at the battle of the Dardanelles, a Vickers machine gun crew with gas masks and a Sopwith Camel biplane. ... Bolshevik Party Meeting. ... A proletarian revolution is a social and/or political revolution in which the working class overthrows (or attempts to overthrow) capitalism. ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Liebknecht was arrested again following a demonstration against the war in Berlin on May 1st 1916 that was organized by the Spartacus League, and sentenced to two and a half years in jail for high treason, which was later increased to four years and one month. However, he was released again in October 1918, when Max von Baden granted an amnesty to all political prisoners. Following the outbreak of the German Revolution, Liebknecht carried on his activities in the Spartacist League; he resumed leadership of the group together with Rosa Luxemburg and published its party organ, the Rote Fahne ("red flag"). To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 1916 (MCMXVI) is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Prince Maximilian of Baden (Max von Baden) (1 July 1867–6 November 1929) was the cousin and heir of Grand Duke Frederick II of Baden, and succeeded Frederick as head of the Grand Ducal House in 1928. ... Revolutionaries at machine gun posts, Berlin, November 1918 The German Revolution is a series of events that occurred in 1918-1919, culminating in the overthrow of the Kaiser and the establishment of the democratic Weimar Republic. ... Rosa Luxemburg Rosa Luxemburg (March 5, 1870 or 1871 – January 15, 1919, in Polish language Róża Luksemburg) was a Polish-born German Marxist political theorist, socialist philosopher, and revolutionary. ... In sail boat racing a solid red flag is known as a Protest Flag. ...


On November 9, Liebknecht declared the formation of a "freie sozialistische Republik" (free socialist republic) from a balcony of the Berlin City Palace, two hours after Philipp Scheidemann's declaration of the Weimar Republic from a balcony of the Reichstag. November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... Berliner Stadtschloss in a 19th century painting Stadtschloss in the 1920s The Berlin City Palace (German: Berliner Stadtschloss) was a palace in central Berlin, on Schlossplatz, next to Alexanderplatz. ... Philipp Scheidemann ( 26 July 1865– 29 November 1939) was a German Social Democratic politician, who was responsible for the proclamation of the Republic on 9 November 1918, and who became the first Chancellor of the Weimar Republic. ... The period of German history from 1919 to 1933 is known as the Weimar Republic (German Weimarer Republik, IPA: []). It is named after the city of Weimar where a national assembly convened to produce a new constitution after the German Monarchy and German Empire were abolished following the nations... The Reichstag building The Reichstag building in Berlin was constructed as the place where the Reichstag, the parliament of the German Empire, would convene. ...


On December 31, 1918 / January 1, 1919, he was involved in the founding of the KPD. Together with Rosa Luxemburg, Leo Jogiches and Clara Zetkin, Liebknecht was also instrumental in the January 1919 Spartacist uprising in Berlin. The uprising was brutally opposed by the new German government under Friedrich Ebert with the help of the remnants of the Imperial German Army and freelance right-wing militias called the Freikorps; by January 13, the uprising had been extinguished. Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg were abducted by Freikorps soldiers on January 15, 1919, and brought to the Eden Hotel in Berlin where they were tortured and interrogated for several hours. Following this, Luxemburg was battered to death with rifle butts and thrown into a nearby river while Liebknecht was shot in the back of the head then deposited as an unknown body in a nearby mortuary. December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Communist Party of Germany (in German, Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands – KPD) was formed in December of 1918 from the Spartacist League, which originated as a small factional grouping within the Social Democratic Party (SPD), and the International Communists of Germany (IKD). ... Rosa Luxemburg Rosa Luxemburg (March 5, 1870 or 1871 – January 15, 1919, in Polish language Róża Luksemburg) was a Polish-born German Marxist political theorist, socialist philosopher, and revolutionary. ... Leo Jogiches Leo Jogiches, also known by his party name Tyska (born 17 July 1867, was born in the multi national city of Vilnius and died 10 March 1919 in Berlin). ... Clara Zetkin, maiden name Eissner (born 5 July 1857 in Wiederau, Saxony; died 20 June 1933 in Archangelskoye near Moscow) was an influential socialist German politician and a fighter for womens rights. ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the Spartacist League which existed in post-First World War Germany. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Friedrich Ebert (February 4, 1871–February 28, 1925) was a German politician (SPD), who served as the 9th Chancellor of Germany and its first president during the Weimar period. ... The German Army (German: Heer listen ▶(?)) is one of the three parts of the Bundeswehr (Federal Defence), as well as previously the Wehrmacht (Defence Force) - the others are the Air Force (Luftwaffe) and the Navy (Marine). ... The designation of Freikorps (German for Free Corps) was originally applied to voluntary armies. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Rosa Luxemburg Rosa Luxemburg (March 5, 1870 or 1871 – January 15, 1919, in Polish language Róża Luksemburg) was a Polish-born German Marxist political theorist, socialist philosopher, and revolutionary. ... The designation of Freikorps (German for Free Corps) was originally applied to voluntary armies. ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Iron Maiden of Nuremberg was an infamous and rarely used torture device. ...

Karl Liebknecht speaking in Tiergarten, Berlin, 1918
Karl Liebknecht speaking in Tiergarten, Berlin, 1918

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1122x722, 373 KB)Karl Liebknecht, speaking in Tiergarten in Berlin, 1918. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1122x722, 373 KB)Karl Liebknecht, speaking in Tiergarten in Berlin, 1918. ... Tiergarten (Animal Garden) is a large park and a former borough of Berlin, since 2001 a part of the expanded borough Mitte. ...

See also

Rosa Luxemburg Rosa Luxemburg (March 5, 1870 or 1871 – January 15, 1919, in Polish language Róża Luksemburg) was a Polish-born German Marxist political theorist, socialist philosopher, and revolutionary. ... Ture Nerman, passport photo Ture Nerman (1886 – 1969) was a Swedish Communist politician, and as a journalist and author, he was one of the most well-known political activists in his time. ... Zeth Zäta Höglund (1884 – 1956) was a Swedish Communist politician. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Karl Liebknecht - definition of Karl Liebknecht in Encyclopedia (682 words)
Karl Liebknecht (August 13, 1871 - January 15, 1919) was a German socialist and a co-founder of the Spartacist League and the Communist Party of Germany.
Liebknecht was arrested and sent to the eastern front during World War I for the group's echoing of Russian Bolsheviks' arguments for a Proletarian Revolution; refusing to fight, he served burying the dead, and due to his rapidly deteriorating health was allowed to return to Germany in October 1915.
Liebknecht was arrested again following a demonstration against the war in Berlin on May 1st 1916 that was organized by the Spartacus League, and sentenced to two and a half years in jail for high treason, which was later increased to four years and one month.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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