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Encyclopedia > Karl Kilbom
Karl Kilbom approx. 1930
Karl Kilbom approx. 1930

Karl Kilbom (18851961) was a Swedish Socialist politician. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... Socialism is a social and economic system (or the political philosophy advocating such a system) in which the economic means of production are owned and controlled collectively by the people. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ...

Contents

Youth

As the son of a blacksmith, Karl Kilbom grew up in a working-class family of Walloon origin in the small town of Österby outside Uppsala, where he started working in the steel mills at an early age. A blacksmith A blacksmith at work A blacksmith at work A blacksmiths fire Hot metal work from a blacksmith A blacksmith is a person who creates objects from iron or steel by forging the metal; i. ... Working class is a term used both in academic sociology as well as in ordinary conversation. ... The term Walloons (French: Wallons, Walloon: Walons) refers, in daily speech, to French-speaking Belgians from Wallonia. ... Uppsala (older spelling Upsala) is a Swedish City in central Sweden, located about 70 km north of Stockholm. ...


In the year 1900, a socialist agitator visited Österby to talk to the workers of the mills. Karl Kilbom, only 15 years old, was one of the 7 people who stayed after the meeting to participate in the formation of a socialist club in Österby with the goal to establish a union. However, company spies had been present at the meeting and soon Kilbom was told he would not only lose his job, but also that his family, who lived in a house owned by the company, would be evicted, if he didn’t quit with the political activities. This time, Kilbom gave in to the threats. Year 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... A Trade Union (Labour union) ... is a continuous association of wage-earners for the purpose of maintaining or improving the conditions of their employment. ...


Becoming a Socialist

In 1903, Kilbom moved to Sandviken where he joined a socialist club. However, he didn’t remain active there for long when he soon found job on a ship named Thetis, embarking from Gävle shipping lumber from Sweden to England and other places. The conditions for the workers on the boat were wretched and the pay was low, but Kilbom saw this as a great opportunity to explore the world, although, according to his autobiography, he had severe problems with seasickness. 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Sandviken is a Municipality in Gävleborg County, in east central Sweden. ... This article is about the Greek sea nymph. ... Gävle [jÉ›vlÉ™] is a Swedish city in east central Sweden with 81,000 inhabitants, and the seat of Gävle Municipality (pop. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... Seasickness is hazardous for scuba divers Seasickness is the feeling of nausea and, in extreme cases, vertigo experienced after spending time on a craft on water. ...


In 1905 Kilbom disembarked the Thetis in Gävle. Unemployed, he joined the Social Democratic youth organization in the city, and he was schooled by the prominent socialist Fabian Månsson to be an agitator. Kilbom soon moved to Krylbo and Avesta to work for the party there. 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... The statue in Hasslö Karl Fabian MÃ¥nsson (1872 – 1938) was a Swedish Socialist politician. ... Krylbo is a small Swedish town in the Avesta Municipality in Dalarna. ... This page deals with both Avesta Municipality and the urban area (tätort) Avesta Avesta Municipality is a Municipality in Dalarna, in central Sweden. ...

Wearing a navy uniform. 1907.
Wearing a navy uniform. 1907.

In 1907, Kilbom was conscripted to do military service in the Swedish Navy and he soon found himself on the navy base of Skeppsholmen in Stockholm, and stationed on the battleship Svea. While in the navy, Kilbom got in trouble with the commanders for spreading, what they called, "illegal" Social Democratic papers with anti-militarist messages. Image File history File links A young Karl Kilbom in Swedish navy uniform. ... Image File history File links A young Karl Kilbom in Swedish navy uniform. ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Swedish Naval Ensign Coat of arms of the Swedish Navy The Swedish Navy (Swedish: Marinen) is the naval branch of the Swedish Armed Forces. ... Skeppsholmen is one of the islands of Stockholm. ...   (IPA: ; UN/LOCODE: SE STO) is the capital of Sweden, and consequently the site of its Government and Parliament as well as the residence of the Swedish head of state, King Carl XVI Gustaf. ... Svea is a Swedish female name. ...


After military service, Kilbom moved to Gothenburg and started working at a plant manufacturing safes, and became a leader of the union there. He also became more and more active in the Swedish Social Democratic Party and started to study Marxism. He was asked by the party to go on national speaking tours to spread the word of socialism to the workers in every corner of Sweden, and for many years Kilbom was without a home, always on the road. Location of Gothenburg in northern Europe Coordinates: Country Sweden County Västra Götaland County Province Västergötland Charter 1621  - Mayor Göran Johansson Area    - City 450 km²  (174 sq mi)  - Water 14. ... A typical home safe. ... The Swedish Social Democratic Party, officially the Social Democratic Workers Party (Swedish: ), contests elections as Workers Party - Social Democrats (Arbetarepartiet-Socialdemokraterna), commonly referred to just as the Social Democrats (Socialdemokraterna); is a political party in Sweden. ... Marxism refers to the philosophy and social theory based on Karl Marxs work on one hand, and the political practice based on Marxist theory on the other hand (namely, parts of the First International during Marxs time, communist parties and later states). ...


Becoming a Communist

In 1910, Karl Kilbom moved to Halmstad to do work for the Social Democratic party there. Within the party, Kilbom sided with the Left Opposition led by Zeth Höglund against the reformist party leader Hjalmar Branting. In 1917 the party split in two and Kilbom joined its Left-leaning faction, which supported the Bolsheviks in Russia and was called the Social Democratic Left Party of Sweden. It soon evolved into the (original) Communist Party of Sweden. Already in 1915, Karl Kilbom had been made one of the main Swedish contacts with the Russian Bolsheviks and worked closely with Bukharin who lived in Sweden during the war. Halmstad [hulm-stɑː(d)] is a port, university, industrial and recreational city at the mouth of the Nissan River in Halland in south-western Sweden. ... Zeth Zäta Höglund (1884 – 1956) was a Swedish Communist politician. ... Hjalmar Branting (November 23, 1860 – February 24, 1925) was a Swedish statesman and the countrys chief Social Democratic leader. ... Year 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... Bolshevik Party Meeting. ... The Left Party (Vänsterpartiet) is a political party in Sweden. ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin ( Russian: Николай Иванович Бухарин), ( October 9 ( September 27 Old Style) 1888 – March 13, 1938) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and intellectual, and later a Soviet politician. ...


In the spring of 1917, Kilbom was sent to Finland on behalf of the Swedish Left-Socialist to persuade the Finnish Social Democrats to turn left too, but he soon realized that the Finnish socialists were already further to the left than himself, and in less than a year Finland would experience its own workers revolution. Combatants Whites: White Guards, German Empire, Swedish volunteers Reds: Red Guards, Russian SFSR Commanders C.G.E. Mannerheim Ali Aaltonen, Eero Haapalainen, Eino Rahja, Kullervo Manner Strength 80,000–90,000 Finns, 550 Swedish volunteers, 13,000 Germans[1] 80,000–90,000 Finns, 4,000–10,000 Russians[1...


From Finland, Kilbom traveled to Russia together with his Finland-Swedish comrade Karl H. Wiik, and after some difficulties at the border, they arrived in Petrograd and were greeted by Alexandra Kollontay. In Petrograd Karl Kilbom was taken to see a debate between Kerensky and Lenin in front of a huge crowd of workers and soldiers. Kilbom did not understand what the speakers said, but afterwards Kollontay told him Lenin had spoken about the importance of making peace with Germany, while Kerensky had been speaking of continuing the war. The same evening, Kilbom had a chance to talk to Lenin briefly. They had met once before in Stockholm, and the Bolshevik leader now told him that a new revolution, in which the communists would take power, was imminent, and that he hoped the Swedish comrades would be prepared for the same. Finland-Swedish is a variety of Swedish. ... Karl H. Wiik and Yrjö Sirola in Stockholm 1917 Karl H. Wiik (1883 - 1946) was a Finland-Swedish Socialist leader and one of the founding members of the Communist Party of Finland and active during the Finnish Civil War. ... Saint Petersburg  listen (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991... Alexandra Mikhaylovna Kollontai (Алекса́ндра Миха́йловна Коллонта́й — born Domontovich, Домонто́вич) (March 31 (March 19, O.S.), 1872 - March 9, 1952) was a Ukrainian Communist revolutionary, first as a member of the Mensheviks, then from 1914 on as a Bolshevik. ... Alexander Fyodorovich Kerensky (Russian:Алекса́ндр Фёдорович Ке́ренский) (April 22, 1881 (May 2, New Style) - June 11, 1970) was the second prime minister of the... Vladimir Ilyich Lenin ( Russian: Влади́мир Ильи́ч Ле́нин  listen?), original surname Ulyanov (Улья́нов) ( April 22 (April 10 ( O.S.)), 1870 – January 21, 1924), was a...   (IPA: ; UN/LOCODE: SE STO) is the capital of Sweden, and consequently the site of its Government and Parliament as well as the residence of the Swedish head of state, King Carl XVI Gustaf. ...


Back in Sweden, Kilbom started working for the newly launched Left Party paper Politiken. Politiken, later named Folkets Dagblad - Politiken was a Swedish Communist newspaper that existed from April 1916 to August 1940. ...


Revolutionary Work

K. Kilbom - membership card of the Comintern
K. Kilbom - membership card of the Comintern

In December 1917, a month after the October Revolution, Kilbom, together with Zeth Höglund, went to Soviet Russia to spend the New Years and show their support for the Bolsheviks. At the Smolny the Swedes met with their Finnish Comrades, who were very happy after Finland finally having been given independence from Russia by the Bolshevik Government. Image File history File linksMetadata KilbomKominternKard. ... Image File history File linksMetadata KilbomKominternKard. ... Red October redirects here. ... Zeth Zäta Höglund (1884 – 1956) was a Swedish Communist politician. ... The Smolny Institute is the Neoclassical edifice in St Petersburg, which has played an important part in the Russian history. ...


In 1919, Kilbom was approached in Stockholm by the American diplomats William C. Bullitt and Lincoln Steffens, who asked him if he could help them get to Russia and into contact with the Bolshevik government. Kilbom took the Americans to meet Lenin in Moscow and he greeted them as they said they wanted establish diplomatic relations between the USA and Soviet Russia. However, soon, President Wilson repudiated the project and Bullitt resigned from Wilson’s staff. William Christian Bullitt, Jr. ... Joseph Lincoln Steffens (April 6, 1866 – August 9, 1936) was an American journalist and one of the most famous and influential practitioners of the journalistic style called muckraking. ... Bolshevist Russia is a common term that refers to the Red side in the Russian government between the Bolsheviks October Revolution (November 7, 1917) and the constitution of the Soviet Union (December 30, 1922). ... Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 - February 3, 1924), was the 28th President of the United States. ...


In 1921, Karl Kilbom was the head of the Swedish delegation at the Profintern congress (Red International of Labor Unions) held in Moscow. Their interpreter was a 17-year old girl named Zoia and they soon became good friends. One morning, Zoia didn’t show up, and Kilbom later found out that she had been arrested by the Soviet Secret Police as one of many suspects in a counterrevolutionary conspiracy. Kilbom refused to believe these allegations were true and spoke to high ranked Soviet officials like Karl Radek and Alexandra Kollontay to have the young girl released. Zoia was freed, and when she said she didn't want to stay in the Soviet Union, Karl Kilbom decided to marry the young girl so she could come with him to Sweden, where she helped the party working as a translator of Russian. The trade union international of early Soviet Russia. ... Location Position of Moscow in Europe Government Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 1,081 km² Population  - City (2007)    - Density 10,469,000   9684. ... Karl Bernhardovich Radek (October 31, 1885 - May 19, 1939) was a Bolshevik and an international Communist leader. ... Alexandra Mikhaylovna Kollontai (Алекса́ндра Миха́йловна Коллонта́й — born Domontovich, Домонто́вич) (March 31 (March 19, O.S.), 1872 - March 9, 1952) was a Ukrainian Communist revolutionary, first as a member of the Mensheviks, then from 1914 on as a Bolshevik. ...


In 1921, Sweden held it’s first democratic election where workers and women could vote, and Karl Kilbom was elected to the Lower House of the Riksdag. Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... The parliament building from outside. ...


Leader of the Swedish Communist Party

In August 1924, Zeth Höglund was expelled from the Swedish Communist Party, after having begun criticizing the development of the Comintern. Kilbom now took over as leader of the party. Zeth Zäta Höglund (1884 – 1956) was a Swedish Communist politician. ...


In 1925, Karl Kilbom headed a delegation of 300 Swedish workers on a several weeks long visit to the Soviet Union. The tour ended with a parade on the Red Square in Moscow, where Kilbom, together with Bukharin and Rykov, held a speech from atop of the Lenin Mausoleum. For other uses, see Red Square (disambiguation). ... Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin ( Russian: Николай Иванович Бухарин), ( October 9 ( September 27 Old Style) 1888 – March 13, 1938) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and intellectual, and later a Soviet politician. ... Alexei Rykov Alexei Ivanovich Rykov (1881-1938) was a Bolshevik and leader in the Soviet Union. ... Lenins Tomb, with wall of the Kremlin and the former Soviet Parliament building behind An entrance to Lenins Mausoleum Lenins Mausoleum, also known as Lenins Tomb, situated in Red Square in Moscow, is the mausoleum that serves as the final resting place of Vladimir Lenin. ...


The same year, Kilbom was asked by Bukharin to go to Germany as a representative of the Communist International to overlook the development of the Communist Party of Germany. Kilbom had been to Germany on political missions several times and the German police had started to recognize him. Because of this, Kilbom was now denied visa by the German Embassy in Stockholm. He decided to take the train to Copenhagen, where he made a new attempted at the German Embassy in Denmark. Kilbom was denied visa once again, but instead he managed to get help from some sailors and was smuggled onboard a boat that took him to Germany. There he was greeted by Willi Münzenberg who bought him a new suit and provided Kilbom with a fake passport with the name Karl Derry. He spent over three months in Germany and Austria, working to eliminate the ultra-leftist fractions within the Communist parties. Entry visa valid in Schengen treaty countries. ... For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). ... Willi Münzenberg (August 14, 1889–October 21, 1940) was a leading propagandist for the KPD (Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands, Communist Party of Germany) in the Weimar Era. ... Ultra-leftism is a term used initially to the Ultra Left current of Marxist communism closely related to council communism and left communism and, later, to identify and criticise positions, especially by those within the mainstream historical Marxist parties, to describe a position which is adopted without taking notice of...


Back in Moscow in 1926, Kilbom reported to Stalin about his work in Germany and expressed his concern about Ernst Thälmann not being a capable leader for the KPD. Stalin met the allegations against Thälmann with silence, and Kilbom would soon find out that Thälmann would be one of Stalin’s closest allies in the unfolding internal struggle of the world communist movement. Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვი&#4314... Ernst Thälmann memorial in Weimar. ... 1932 KPD poster, End This System The Communist Party of Germany (German Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands – KPD) was a major political party in Germany between 1918 and 1933, and a minor party in West Germany in the postwar period. ...


Zinoviev wanted to send Kilbom on new missions for the Comintern to China and France, but Stalin objected. In 1927, Zinoviev together with Trotsky were expelled from the CPSU. Grigory Yevseevich Zinoviev (Григо́рий Евсе́евич Зино́вьев, real name Ovsel Gershon Aronov Radomyslsky (Радомысльский), also... 1915 passport photo of Trotsky Leon Davidovich Trotsky (Russian: Лев Давидович Троцкий; also transliterated Trotskii, Trotski, Trotzky) (October 26 (O.S.) = November 7 (N.S.), 1879 - August 21, 1940), born Lev Davidovich Bronstein (&#1051... The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Russian: Коммунисти́ческая Па́ртия Сове́тского Сою́за = КПСС) was the name used by the successors of the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party from 1952 to 1991, but the wording Communist Party was present in the partys name since 1918 when the Bolsheviks became the Russian...


In 1927, Karl Kilbom tried to work within the Comintern on how to develop strategies to combat fascism and to defend the Soviet Union against attacks from the Capitalist world. Kilbom advocated the creation of a popular front suggested that communists should try to collaborate with radical social democrats. The Italian communist leader Togliatti agreed with Kilbom that the only way to defeat the fascist leader Mussolini in Italy would be for the communists to unite with the social democrats. Stalin opposed Kilbom’s suggestions and together with Ernst Thälmann, who now saw Karl Kilbom as a personal enemy, Stalin started to develop the idea of Social fascism, i. e. that social democrats were just as bad as fascists. Fascism is an authoritarian political ideology (generally tied to a mass movement) that considers individual and other societal interests inferior to the needs of the state, and seeks to forge a type of national unity, usually based on ethnic, religious, cultural, or racial attributes. ... Popular Fronts comprise broad coalitions of political and other groups, often made up of oppositioners or left wingers, and often united against particularly stringent circumstances. ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... Palmiro Togliatti (March 26, 1893 - August 21, 1964) was an Italian communist leader. ... Benito Mussolini created a fascist state through the use of propaganda, total control of the media and disassembly of the working democratic government. ... During the late 1920s and early 30s, Communist Party leaders linked to the Communist International (such as Rajani Palme Dutt and Joseph Stalin) argued that capitalist society had entered a third period in which social fascism posed a threat. ...


Expelled from the Communist Party

In the fall of 1929, a Stalinist coup took place within the Swedish Communist Party, and Karl Kilbom together with the majority of the party’s members were expelled by a group lead by Hugo Sillén and Sven Linderot. 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Stalinism is a brand of political theory, and the political and economic system implemented by Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union. ... Hugo Sillén Hugo Sillén (1892 - 1971) was a Swedish Communist politician. ... Sven Linderot (1889 - 1956), nickename Sven-Lasse was a Swedish Communist leader. ...

Karl Kilbom in the 1950s
Karl Kilbom in the 1950s

That same year, Kilbom launched a new Communist Party of Sweden, one that would be independent from Moscow, and became more critical of Stalin and the Soviet Union. In 1934 his party took the name Socialist Party (Socialistiska partiet). The party’s supporters were generally called Kilbommare after Kilbom while the Comintern affiliated Communist Party members were called Sillénare after their party leader Hugo Sillén. The first couple of years, the Kilbom-Party was much bigger than the official Communist Party. Kilbom also managed to keep control over the communist daily Folkets Dagblad Politiken. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 389 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (575 × 885 pixel, file size: 102 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Karl Kilbom File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 389 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (575 × 885 pixel, file size: 102 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Karl Kilbom File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Party Flag A split in the Sveriges Kommunistiska Parti (The Communist Party of Sweden) in 1929 resulted in the formation of a parallel communist party, led by Karl Kihlbom and Nils Flyg. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Party Flag A split in the Sveriges Kommunistiska Parti (The Communist Party of Sweden) in 1929 resulted in the formation of a parallel communist party, led by Karl Kihlbom and Nils Flyg. ... The Comintern (Russian: Коммунистический Интернационал, Kommunisticheskiy Internatsional – Communist International, also known as the Third International) was an international Communist organization founded in March 1919, in the midst of the war communism period (1918-1921), by Vladimir Lenin and the Russian Communist Party (Bolshevik), which intended to fight by all available means, including... Hugo Sillén Hugo Sillén (1892 - 1971) was a Swedish Communist politician. ... Politiken, later named Folkets Dagblad - Politiken was a Swedish Communist newspaper that existed from April 1916 to August 1940. ...


1931 was the year of the Ådalen Massacre, when the Swedish military opened fire on a demonstration of strikers, killing five workers. Kilbom wrote in Folkets Dagblad Politiken, calling the Swedish conservative government of Carl Gustaf Ekman a murder regime. For this “slander”, Kilbom was sentenced to two months in prison to be served at Långholmen, but he was eventually pardoned due to lung disease. 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ... The demonstration, short time before the army opened fire towards the protesters. ... Strike has many meanings: A strike is a deliberate absence from work. ... Carl Gustaf Ekman Carl Gustaf Ekman (1872-1945) was a Swedish politician. ... LÃ¥ngholmen prison in July 2006. ... In medicine, pulmonology is the specialty that deals with diseases of the lungs and the respiratory tract. ...


Back to Social Democracy

In 1937 Karl Kilbom was expelled from the Socialist Party, as the leadership was taken over by Nils Flyg. Later, during World War II, Nils Flyg turned the remnants of the party into a pro-nazi organization as he sided with Hitler in the war against Stalin. But by then, most members of the party had already left together with Kilbom. Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Socialistika Partiet is a Swedish political party, the Swedich section of the IV International. ... Nils Flyg (1891 – 1943) was Swedish Communist politician who turned pro-nazi during World War II. Nils Flyg, the young communist, with his wife Elsa Ströberg Nils Flyg was born and raised in Södermalm, a working-class area of Stockholm. ...


In 1938 Karl Kilbom rejoined the Swedish Social Democratic Party. Kilbom became very active as a leader within the Folkets hus movement. Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Folkets hus at Norra Bantorget in Stockholm. ...


During World War II, Kilbom fully supported the Swedish coalition government under the leadership of Prime Minister Per Albin Hansson. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Per Albin Hansson Per Albin Hansson (October 28, 1885–October 6, 1946), leader of the Swedish Social Democrats, was Prime Minister in four governments between 1932 and 1946, including the coalition government which was formed during World War II, and included all major parties except the communists. ...


Works

  • Karl Kilbom wrote many political pamphlets and a huge amount of articles in different papers.
  • Kilbom’s three volume autobiography, published 1953 – 1955, is called:
Ur mitt livs äventyr (My Life’s Adventure)
I hemligt uppdrag (On Secrete Mission)
Cirkeln slutes (The Circle is Completed)
  • Kilbom has also written many books on the history of the Walloon People's immigration to Sweden and their typical trades.

The term Walloons (French: Wallons, Walloon: Walons) refers, in daily speech, to French-speaking Belgians from Wallonia. ...

References

  • Kan, Aleksander. Hemmabolsjevikerna. Falun: Carlssons bokförlag, 2005. (ISBN 91-7203-673-7)
  • Kilbom, Karl. My Life’s Adventure. (autobiography vol. 1.) Stockholm: Tidens förlag, 1953.
  • Kilbom, Karl. On Secrete Mission. (autobiography vol. 2.) Stockholm: Tidens förlag, 1954.
  • Kilbom, Karl. The Circle is Completed. (autobiography vol. 3.) Stockholm: Tidens förlag, 1955.

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