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Encyclopedia > Karl IX of Sweden
Charles IXKing of Sweden
Charles IX
King of Sweden
  Swedish Royalty
  House of Vasa

Gustav Vasa
Children
   Prince Eric
   Prince John
   Princess Catherine
   Princess Cecilia
   Prince Magnus
   Princess Anna
   Princess Sofia
   Princess Elizabeth
   Prince Charles
Eric XIV
Children
   Princess Sigrid
   Prince Gustav
John III
Children
   Prince Sigismund
   Princess Anna
   Prince John
Sigismund
Children
   Wladislaus
   John Casimir
   John Albert
   Charles Ferdinand
   Alexander Charles
   Anna Catherine Konstantia
Charles IX
Children
   Princess Catherine
   Prince Gustav Adolf
   Princess Maria Elizabeth
   Princess Christina
   Prince Carl Philip
Grandchildren
   Charles X Gustav
Gustav II Adolf
Children
   Princess Christina
Christina

Charles IX (Karl IX) (October 4, 1550October 30, 1611), was King of Sweden from 1604 until his death. He was the youngest son of Gustav Vasa and Margareta Leijonhufvud. By his father's will he got, by way of appanage, the Duchy of Södermanland, which included the provinces of Närke and Värmland; but he did not come into actual possession of them till after the fall of Eric XIV of Sweden in 1569. Image File history File links Charles_IX_of_Sweden. ... The Vasa Coat of Arms The House of Vasa was the Royal House of Sweden (1523-1654) and of Poland (1587-1668). ... The Vasa family heraldic shield, frpm the Polish Wikipedia This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... Gustav Vasa, originally Gustav Eriksson Vasa (May 12, 1496–September 29, 1560) was King of Sweden from 1523 until his death. ... Erik XIV of Sweden (December 13, 1533–February 26, 1577) was the son of Gustav I of Sweden and Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg. ... John III (Johan III) (December 23, 1537 - November 27, 1592) was King of Sweden from 1568 until his death. ... Princess Catherine of Sweden (Prinsessan Katarina) (November 10, 1584 – December 13, 1638) was the daughter of Charles IX of Sweden. ... Cecilia of Sweden, also Cecilia Vasa (Stockholm, November 16, 1540 - 1627), was Princess of Sweden and daughter of King Gustav I and Queen Margareta Leijonhufvud. ... Erik XIV of Sweden (December 13, 1533–February 26, 1577) was the son of Gustav I of Sweden and Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg. ... John III (Johan III) (December 23, 1537 - November 27, 1592) was King of Sweden from 1568 until his death. ... Reign in Poland From September 18, 1587 until April 19, 1632 Reign in Sweden From November 17, 1592 until July 24, 1599 Elected in Poland On September 18, 1587 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation in Poland On December 27, 1587 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Coronation... Reign in Poland From September 18, 1587 until April 19, 1632 Reign in Sweden From November 17, 1592 until July 24, 1599 Elected in Poland On September 18, 1587 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation in Poland On December 27, 1587 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Coronation... Reign in Poland From November 8, 1632 until May 20, 1648 Reign in Russia From 1610 until 16351 Coronation On February 6, 1633 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Vasa Parents Zygmunt III Waza Anna Austriaczka Consorts Cecylia Renata Ludwika Maria Gonzaga Children with Cecylia Renata Zygmunt... Reign From November, 1648 until September 16, 1668 Elected In November 1648 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 19, 1649 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Vasa Parents Zygmunt III Waza Constance of Austria Consorts Ludwika Maria Children with Ludwika Maria Maria Anna... John Albert Vasa (Jan Albert Waza) (June 25, 1612 – December 29, 1634), bishop of Warmia and Kraków, cardinal. ... Charles Ferdinand Vasa (Karol Ferdynand Vasa) (1613-1655), was Duke of Opole from 1648 to 1655. ... Alexander Charles Vasa (Aleksander Karol Waza) (November 4, 1614 – November 19, 1634) was the fifth son of King Sigismund III of Poland and his wife Constance of Austria. ... Princess Catherine of Sweden (Prinsessan Katarina) (November 10, 1584 – December 13, 1638) was the daughter of Charles IX of Sweden. ... Gustav II Adolf (December 9, 1594 – November 6, 1632 O.S.), widely known by the Latinized name Gustavus Adolphus and in Protestant propaganda as the Lion of the North, was King of Sweden from 1611 until his death. ... For the present-day Prince Carl Philip, please refer to Prince Carl Philip, Duke of Wermelandia. ... Charles X Gustav (Karl X Gustav) (November 8, 1622 – February 13, 1660), was King of Sweden from 1654 until his death. ... Gustav II Adolf (December 9, 1594 – November 6, 1632 O.S.), widely known by the Latinized name Gustavus Adolphus and in Protestant propaganda as the Lion of the North, was King of Sweden from 1611 until his death. ... Christina (Kristina) (December 18, 1626 – April 19, 1689), later known as Maria Christina Alexandra and sometimes Count Dohna, was Queen regnant of Sweden from 1632 to 1654. ... Christina (Kristina) (December 18, 1626 – April 19, 1689), later known as Maria Christina Alexandra and sometimes Count Dohna, was Queen regnant of Sweden from 1632 to 1654. ... October 4 is the 277th day of the year (278th in Leap years). ... Events February 7 - Julius III becomes Pope. ... October 30 is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 62 days remaining. ... Events June 23 - Henry Hudsons crew maroons him, his son and 7 others in a boat November 1 - At Whitehall Palace in London, William Shakespeares romantic comedy The Tempest is presented for the first time. ... Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a representative democracy based on a parliamentary system. ... Events January 14 – Hampton Court conference with James I of England, the Anglican bishops and representatives of Puritans September 20 – Capture of Ostend by Spanish forces under Ambrosio Spinola after a three year siege. ... Gustav Vasa, originally Gustav Eriksson Vasa (May 12, 1496–September 29, 1560) was King of Sweden from 1523 until his death. ... Margareta Leijonhufvud (January 1, 1516 - August 26, 1551) was the consort of King Gustav I and a Queen of Sweden from 1536 to 1551. ... The system of appanage has greatly influenced the territorial construction of France and explains the flag of many provinces of France. ... Södermanland is the name of a geographical region in Sweden which can refer to: Sudermannia, or Södermanland - a historical Province of Sweden Södermanland County, or Södermanlands län - a current County of Sweden Part of Stockholm County, or Stockholms län - a current County of Sweden... Närke is the name of a geographical region in Sweden which can refer to: Nericia, or Närke - a historical Province of Sweden Part of Örebro County, or Örebro län - a current County of Sweden Part of Närke and Värmland County, or Närkes och V... Värmland is the name of a geographical region in Sweden which can refer to: Wermelandia, or Värmland - a historical Province of Sweden Värmland County, or Värmlands län - a current County of Sweden Part of Närke and Värmland County, or Närkes och V... Erik XIV of Sweden (December 13, 1533–February 26, 1577) was the son of Gustav I of Sweden and Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg. ... Events January 11 - First recorded lottery in England. ...

Contents


Duke Charles

In 1568 he was the real leader of the rebellion against Eric, but took no part in the designs of his brother John III of Sweden against the unhappy king after his deposition. Indeed, Charles's relations with John were always more or less strained. He had no sympathy with John's High-Church tendencies on the one hand, and he sturdily resisted all the king's endeavours to restrict his authority as Duke of Södermanland on the other. The nobility and the majority of the Riksdag of the Estates supported John, however, in his endeavours to unify the realm, and Charles had consequently (1587) to resign his pretensions to autonomy within his duchy; but, fanatical Calvinist as he was, on the religious question he was immovable. The matter came to a crisis on the death of John III in 1592. The heir to the throne was John's eldest son, Sigismund of Sweden, already king of Poland and a devoted Catholic. The fear lest Sigismund might re-catholicize the land alarmed the Protestant majority in Sweden, and Charles came forward as their champion, and also as the defender of the Vasa dynasty against foreign interference. Events March 23 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. ... John III (Johan III) (December 23, 1537 - November 27, 1592) was King of Sweden from 1568 until his death. ... The Riksdag of the Estates, or Ståndsriksdagen, was the name used for the Estates of the Swedish realm, or Rikets ständer, when they were assembled. ... In an unadorned church, the 17th century congregation stands to hear the sermon. ... Events January 30 - The death of Pope Innocent IX during the previous year had left the Papal throne vacant. ... Reign in Poland From September 18, 1587 until April 19, 1632 Reign in Sweden From November 17, 1592 until July 24, 1599 Elected in Poland On September 18, 1587 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation in Poland On December 27, 1587 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Coronation... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... The Vasa Coat of Arms The House of Vasa was the Royal House of Sweden (1523-1654) and of Poland (1587-1668). ...


It was due entirely to him that Sigismund was forced to confirm the resolutions of the council of Uppsala, thereby recognizing the fact that Sweden was essentially a Protestant state. In the ensuing years Charles's task was extraordinarily difficult. He had steadily to oppose Sigismund's reactionary tendencies; he had also to curb the nobility, which he did with cruel rigour. Necessity compelled him to work rather with the people than the gentry; hence it was that the Riksdag assumed under his government a power and an importance which it had never possessed before. In 1595 the Riksdag of Söderköping elected Charles regent, and his attempt to force Klas Flemming, governor of Finland, to submit to his authority, rather than to that of the king, provoked a civil war. Technically Charles was, without doubt, guilty of high treason, and the considerable minority of all dasses which adhered to Sigismund on his landing in Sweden in 1598 indisputably behaved like loyal subjects. But Sigismund was both an alien and a heretic to the majority of the Swedish nation, and his formal deposition by the Riksdag of the Estates in 1599 was, in effect, a natural vindication and legitimation of Charles's position. Uppsala (older spelling Upsala) 59°51′ N 17°38′ E is a Swedish City in central Sweden, located about 70 km north of Stockholm. ... Söderköping is a Municipality in Östergötland County, in southeast Sweden. ... Events January 7 - Boris Godunov seizes the throne of Russia following the death of his brother-in-law, Tsar Feodor I April 13 - Edict of Nantes - Henry IV of France grants French Huguenots equal rights with Catholics. ... The Riksdag of the Estates, or Ståndsriksdagen, was the name used for the Estates of the Swedish realm, or Rikets ständer, when they were assembled. ... Events Swedish King Sigismund III Vasa is replaced by his brother Charles IX of Sweden. ...


King Charles IX

Finally, the Riksdag at Linköping, February 24, 1600 declared that Sigismund and his posterity had forfeited the Swedish throne, and, passing over duke John, the second son of John III, a youth of ten, recognized duke Charles as their sovereign under the title of Charles IX. Charles's short reign was an uninterrupted warfare. The hostility of Poland and the break up of Russia involved him in two overseas contests for the possession of Livonia and Ingria, while his pretensions to Laponia brought upon him a war with Denmark in the last year of his reign. In all these struggles he was more or less unsuccessful, owing partly to the fact that he had to do with superior generals (e.g. Jan Karol Chodkiewicz and Christian IV of Denmark) and partly to sheer ill-luck. Compared with his foreign policy, the domestic policy of Charles IX was comparatively unimportant. It aimed at confirming and supplementing what had already been done during his regency. Not till March 6, 1604, after Duke John had formally renounced his rights to the throne, did Charles IX begin to style himself king. The first deed in which the title appears is dated March 20 1604; but he was not crowned until March 15, 1607. Four and a half years later Charles IX died at Nyköping, October 30, 1611. As a ruler he is the link between his great father and his still greater son. He consolidated the work of Gustav I, the creation of a great Protestant state; he prepared the way for the erection of the Protestant empire of Gustavus Adolphus. Swedish historians have been excusably indulgent to the father of their greatest ruler. Indisputably Charles was cruel, ungenerous and vindictive; yet he seems, at all hazards, strenuously to have endeavoured to do his duty during a period of political and religious transition, and, despite his violence and brutality, possessed many or the qualities of a wise and courageous statesman. February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... // Events January January 1 - Scotland adopts January 1st as being New Years Day February February 17 - Giordano Bruno burned at the stake for heresy July July 2 - Battle of Nieuwpoort: Dutch forces under Maurice of Nassau defeat Spanish forces under Archduke Albert in a battle on the coastal dunes. ... Livonia was a dominion of Sweden from the 1620s until 1721. ... Ingria, or Ingermanland, was a dominion of Sweden from 1580 to 1595 and then again from 1617 to 1719, when it was ceded to Russia in the Treaty of Nystad. ... Laponia, or Lappland, was a historical Province or landskap in the extreme north of Sweden. ... Noble Family Chodkiewicz Coat of Arms Chodkiewicz Parents Jan Hieronim Chodkiewicz Krystyna Zborowska Consorts Zofia Mielecka Anna Alojza Ostrogska Children with Zofia Mielecka Hieronim Chodkiewicz Anna Scholastyka Chodkiewicz Date of Birth 1560 Place of Birth  ? Date of Death September 24, 1621 Place of Death Chocim Castle, Poland Jan Karol Chodkiewicz... King Christian IV. Christian IV (1588–1648), king of Denmark and Norway, the son of Frederick II, king of Denmark and Norway, and Sophia of Mecklenburg, was born at Frederiksborg castle in 1577, and succeeded to the throne on the death of his father (April 4, 1588), attaining his majority... March 6 is the 65th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (66th in Leap years). ... Events January 14 – Hampton Court conference with James I of England, the Anglican bishops and representatives of Puritans September 20 – Capture of Ostend by Spanish forces under Ambrosio Spinola after a three year siege. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in Leap years). ... Events January 20 - Tidal wave swept along the Bristol Channel, killing 2000 people. ... Nyköping is a Municipality in Södermanland County, in central Sweden. ... October 30 is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 62 days remaining. ... Events June 23 - Henry Hudsons crew maroons him, his son and 7 others in a boat November 1 - At Whitehall Palace in London, William Shakespeares romantic comedy The Tempest is presented for the first time. ... Gustav II Adolph Gustav II Adolph (December 9, 1594 - November 6, 1632) (also known as Gustav Adolph the Great, under the Latin name Gustavus Adolphus or the Swedish form Gustav II Adolf) was a King of Sweden. ...


Children

He married, firstly, Maria of Palatinate-Kleeburg (15611589), daughter of Louis VI of Palatinate (15391583) and Elisabeth of Hesse (15391584). Their children were: // Events The Edict of Orleans suspends the persecution of the Huguenots. ... Events Rebellion of the Catholic League against King Henry III of France, in revenge for his murder of Duke Henry of Guise. ... A palatinate is an area administered by a count palatine, originally the direct representative of the sovereign but later the hereditary ruler of the territory subject to the crowns overlordship. ... Events May 30 - In Florida, Hernando de Soto lands at Tampa Bay with 600 soldiers with the goal to find gold. ... 1583 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... With an area of 21,110 km² and just over six million inhabitants, Hesse (German: Hessen) is one of Germanys sixteen federal states (Bundesländer). ... Events May 30 - In Florida, Hernando de Soto lands at Tampa Bay with 600 soldiers with the goal to find gold. ... 1584 was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ...

  1. Margareta Elisabeth (1580-1585)
  2. Elisabeth Sabina (1582-1585)
  3. Louis (1583-1583)
  4. Catherine (15841638), married a prince of the Palatinate Zweibrucken, becoming mother of i.a Charles X Gustav.
  5. Gustav (15871587)
  6. Maria (15881589)

In 1592 he married his second wife Christina of Holstein-Gottorp (15731625) and their children were: Events March 1 - Michel de Montaigne signs the preface to his most significant work, Essays. ... 1585 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. ... Events January 15 - Russia cedes Livonia and Estonia to Poland February 24 - Pope Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1585 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. ... 1583 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1583 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... Princess Catherine of Sweden (Prinsessan Katarina) (November 10, 1584 – December 13, 1638) was the daughter of Charles IX of Sweden. ... 1584 was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ... Charles X or Karl X Gustav (1622-Sweden, son of John Casimir, Margrave of Pfalz-Zweibrücken, and Catherine, sister of Gustavus Adolphus, was born at the Castle of Nyköping on November 8, 1622. ... 1587 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. ... 1587 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. ... 1588 was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... Events Rebellion of the Catholic League against King Henry III of France, in revenge for his murder of Duke Henry of Guise. ... Events January 30 - The death of Pope Innocent IX during the previous year had left the Papal throne vacant. ... Holstein-Gottorp or Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp was a duchy consisting of areas within Schleswig and Holstein, in present-day Denmark and Germany. ... Events January - articles of Warsaw Confederation signed, sanctioning religious freedom in Poland. ... Events March 27 - Prince Charles Stuart becomes King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland. ...

  1. Christina (15931594)
  2. Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden (Gustav II Adolf) (15941632)
  3. Maria Elisabeth (15961618), married her first cousin Duke John, youngest son of John III of Sweden
  4. Duke Carl Philip (16011622)


He also had a son with his mistress, Karin Nilsdotter: Events May 18 - Playwright Thomas Kyds accusations of heresy lead to an arrest warrant for Christopher Marlowe. ... Events February 27 - Henry IV is crowned King of France at Rheims. ... Gustav II Adolf (December 9, 1594 – November 6, 1632 O.S.), widely known by the Latinized name Gustavus Adolphus and in Protestant propaganda as the Lion of the North, was King of Sweden from 1611 until his death. ... Events February 27 - Henry IV is crowned King of France at Rheims. ... See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... Events February 5 - 26 catholics crucified in Nagasaki, Japan. ... Events March 8 - Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion (he soon rejects the idea after some initial calculations were made but on May 15 confirms the discovery). ... John III (Johan III) (December 23, 1537 - November 27, 1592) was King of Sweden from 1568 until his death. ... For the present-day Prince Carl Philip, please refer to Prince Carl Philip, Duke of Wermelandia. ... Bold textItalic textLink titlelink title // Headline text Media:Example. ... Events January 1 - In the Gregorian calendar, January 1 is declared as the first day of the year, instead of March 25. ...

  1. Carl Carlsson Gyllenhielm, Field Marshal

Baron Carl Carlsson Gyllenhielm (1574-1650) was a Swedish soldier and politician. ... This is a list of the 77 Field Marshals of Sweden, with their respective years of appointment, from the 16th to the 19th century. ...

See also


The history of Sweden dates back to 9000 BC. // Pre-historic age: 9,000–500 BC Main article Pre-history of Sweden Sweden, as well as the adjacent country Norway, has a high concentration of petroglyphs (ristningar or hällristningar in Swedish) throughout the country, with the highest concentration in... // Charles IX Main article: Charles IX of Sweden Not till March 6, 1604, after Duke John son of John III of Sweden, had formally renounced his hereditary right to the throne, did Charles IX of Sweden begin to style himself king. ... Battle of Kircholm (September 27, 1605) was one of the major battles in the Polish-Swedish War of 1600-1611. ... The Battle of Stångebro took place at Linköping, Sweden on September 25, 1598, and effectively ended the personal union between Sweden and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, that had only existed since 1592. ...

Preceded by:
Sigismund
Regent of Sweden
1599–1604
Succeeded by:
became king
Preceded by:
himself as regent
King of Sweden
1604–1611
Succeeded by:
Gustav II Adolf


Reign in Poland From September 18, 1587 until April 19, 1632 Reign in Sweden From November 17, 1592 until July 24, 1599 Elected in Poland On September 18, 1587 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation in Poland On December 27, 1587 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Coronation... This is a list of Swedish monarchs, that is, the Kings and ruling Queens of Sweden with Regents and Viceroys of the Kalmar Union up until the present time. ... This is a list of Swedish monarchs, that is, the Kings and ruling Queens of Sweden with Regents and Viceroys of the Kalmar Union up until the present time. ... Gustav II Adolf (December 9, 1594 – November 6, 1632 O.S.), widely known by the Latinized name Gustavus Adolphus and in Protestant propaganda as the Lion of the North, was King of Sweden from 1611 until his death. ...


This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, which is in the public domain. Supporters contend that the Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) represents the sum of human knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century; indeed, it was advertised as such. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


 
 

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