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Encyclopedia > Karim Khan

Karim Khan Zand, (Persian: کریم خان زند), (c. 1705- 1779), was a Shah of Persia who reigned from 1760 until 1779. He founded the Zand dynasty. Persian (known variously as: فارسی Fârsi, local name in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan, پارسی Pârsi, older, local name still used by some speakers, Tajik, a Central Asian dialect, or Dari, another local name in Tajikistan and Afghanistan) is a language spoken in Iran, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Armenia... Events Construction begins on Blenheim Palace, in Oxfordshire, England. ... 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Shah is an Iranian term (Persian and Kurdish) for king, and has also been adopted in many other languages. ... The Persian Empire refers to lands ruled by a number of Persian dynasties. ... 1760 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Vakeel mosque, Shiraz. ...

Karim Khan was one of the generals of Nadir Shah. After Nadir Shah's death in 1747, Persia fell into a state of civil war. At that time, Karim Khan, Abdolfath Khan and Ali Mardan Khan reached an agreement to divide the country among themselves and give the throne to Ismail III. However, the cooperation ended after Ali Mardan Khan invaded Isfahan and killed Abdolfath Khan. Subsequently, Karim Khan killed Ali Mardan Khan and invaded all Iran except Khorasan, respecting Shah Rukh, grandson of Nadir Shah. Nevertheless, he did not adopt the title of Shah for himself, preferring the title, Vakil ar-Ra'aayaa (The Peasants' Regent). Tomb of Nadir Shah, a popular tourist attraction in Mashhad Nadir Shah (Nadir Qoli Beg, also Tahmasp-Qoli Khan) (October 22, 1688 - June, 1747) ruled as shah of Iran (1736–47) and was the founder of the short-lived Afsharid dynasty. ... // Events January 31 - The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Dock Hospital April 9 - The Scottish Jacobite Lord Lovat was beheaded by axe on Tower Hill, London, for high treason; he was the last man to be executed in this way in Britain May 14 - First battle of Cape... Part of Shah Abbas large urban project in his new capital, the Chahār Bāgh Four Gardens, is a four-kilometer avenue in the city of Isfahan. ... Khorasan (also spelled Khurasan and Khorassan; Xorasan or Xurasan in Kurdish; خراسان in Persian) is an area, located in eastern and northeastern Iran. ... Shahrokh (Persian: شاهرخ) was the son of Nadir Shah and took over control of Khorasan after his fathers death in 1747. ...

During his reign, relations with Britain were restored, and he allowed the East India Company to have a trading post in southern Iran. He made Shiraz his capital and ordered the construction of several architectural projects there. Following Karim Khan's death, civil war broke out once more, and none of his descendants were able to rule the country as effectively as he had, until Agha Mohammad Khan and the Qajar dynasty came to power. The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was a joint-stock company of investors, which was granted a Royal Charter by Elizabeth I on December 31, 1600, with the intent to favour trade privileges in India. ... Shirāz is Irans city of poets, as some of Persian poetrys giants are buried here. ... Agha Muhammad Khan (1742-1797) was the chief of a Turkic tribe, the Qajars. ... Mullahs in the royal presence. ...

To this day, he has a reputation as one of the few just rulers in Iranian history. Whether this is merely in contrast to the infamous Nadir Shah, known for his atrocities, or based on fact is debatable. Nevertheless, a wealth of tales and anecdotes portray Karim Khan as a compassionate ruler, genuinely concerned with the welfare of his subjects.

Preceded by:
Zand dynasty
Succeeded by:
Mohammad Ali Khan Zand
Preceded by:
Shah Rukh Afshar
King of Persia
Succeeded by:
Abol Fath Khan Zand

Vakeel mosque, Shiraz. ... 1760 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Mohammad Ali Khan Zand (c. ... Shahrokh (Persian: شاهرخ) was the son of Nadir Shah and took over control of Khorasan after his fathers death in 1747. ... The following is a comprehensive list of all Persian Empires and their rulers: // Early realms in Iran Elamite Kingdom, 3000-660 BC of the Persian/Median empire that later appeared. ... 1760 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Abol Fath Khan Zand (c. ...

External links

  • History of Iran: Zand Dynasty
  • Karim Khan's portrait
  • Karim Khan's HomePage

  Results from FactBites:
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Abdul Karim Khan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (565 words)
Abdul Karim Khan was born in Kirana (Uttar Pradesh, North India) in to the Kirana musical family which traced its roots to musician brothers Ghulam Ali and Ghulam Maula.
Karim Khan's first wife, Gafooran was the sister of another Kirana master Ustad Abdul Wahid Khan, who was also his cousin.
Ustad Abdul Karim Khan was invited to the Mysore court, where he met famous Carnatic masters, which also influenced his music.
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