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Encyclopedia > Kardzhali
Kardzhali
Map of Bulgaria, Kardzhali is indicated
Province
(oblast)
Kardzhali
Population 50 851 (2005-12-14)
Altitude 275 m
Postal code 6600
Area code 0361
Geographic
coordinates
41° 39' north,
25° 22' east
Time zone EET
(UTC+2; UTC+3 in summer)
Mayor Hasan Azis Ismail (MRF)

Kardzhali (Bulgarian: Кърджали, Turkish: Kırcali) is a town in Bulgaria, capital of Kardzhali Province in the Eastern Rhodopes. Near the town is the noted Kardzhali Dam. Image File history File links Kurdzhali_location_in_Bulgaria. ... Since 1999 Bulgaria is divided into 28 oblasts (provinces or regions) that correspond aproximatly to the 28 okrugs that existet before 1987. ... Kurdzhali province shown within Bulgaria Kardzhali (Cyrillic: Кърджалийска област Kŭrdzhaliyska oblast) is a province of southern Bulgaria, neighbouring Greece with the Greek prefectures of Xanthi and Rodhopi to the south and east. ... The metre, or meter (US), is a measure of length. ... Blagoevgrad - 2700 Bansko - 2770 Bania - 2778 Kremen - 2771 Eleshnitza - 2782 Dobrinishte - 2777 Belitsa - 2780 Gotse Delchev - 2900 Gurmen - 2960 Kresna - 2840 Petrich - 2850 Razlog - 2760 Sandanski - 2800 Satovcha - 2950 Simitli - 2730 Strumiani - 2825 Hadzidimovo - 2933 Yakoruda - 2790 Riltzi Burgas - 8000 Dyuny - 8001 Elenite - 8002 Slunchev Briag/Sunny Beach - 8240 Aitos... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... Moscow Time Eastern European Summer Time Eastern African Time Category: ... The Movement for Rights and Freedoms (Движение за права и свободи, Dviženie za Prava i Svobodi) is a centrist ethnic political party in Bulgaria, based in the Turkish minority. ... Kurdzhali province shown within Bulgaria Kardzhali (Cyrillic: Кърджалийска област Kŭrdzhaliyska oblast) is a province of southern Bulgaria, neighbouring Greece with the Greek prefectures of Xanthi and Rodhopi to the south and east. ... Landscape of the Rhodopes near the village of Hvoyna View from the Belintash Rock towards the village of Vrata The Rhodopes (Bulgarian: Родопи, Rodopi, usually used with a definite article: Родопите, Rodopite, sometimes also called Родопа, Rodopa or Родопа планина, Rodopa planina; Greek: Ροδόπη, Rodopi, red aspect) are a mountain range in Southeastern Europe, with over...

Contents

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Geography

Kardzhali is located in the low eastern part of Rhodope Mountains, on both banks of the Arda river between the Kardzhali Dam to the west and the Studen Kladenets dam to the east. The town is 260 km southeast of Sofia. It has a crossroad position from Thrace to the Aegean Sea — part of European transportation route 9. View from the Belintash Rock towards the village of Vrata View from the Southern Rhodopes Dospat Dam in the western parts The river Mesta crossing the mountains The Rhodopes (Bulgarian: Родопи, Rodopi; Greek: Ροδόπη, Rodopi) are a mountain range in Southeastern Europe, with over 83% of its area in southern Bulgaria and... Arda is a river in Bulgaria which begins in the Rhodope Mountains near the town of Smolyan, flowing 290 kilometres eastward past Kurdzhali and Ivaylovgrad then enters the Maritsa, just west of Edirne, Turkey. ... Studen Kladenets is a dam on the Arda River located near the town of Kardzhali (Kardjali) in Bulgaria. ... Position of Sofia in Bulgaria Coordinates: Country Bulgaria Province Sofia-City Mayor Boyko Borisov Area    - City 1,310 km²  - Land (?) km²  - Water (?) km² Elevation 550 m Population    - City (12 June 2006) 1,203,680  - Density 907/km²  - Metro 1,326,377 Time zone EET (UTC+2) EEST (UTC+3) Website... Thrace (Bulgarian: Тракия, Trakiya; Greek: Θράκη, ThrákÄ“; Latin: Thracia or Threcia, Turkish: Trakya, Macedonian: Тракија) is a historical and geographic area in southeast Europe. ... The Aegean Sea. ...

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History

The location of Kardzhali has been inhabited since the Neolithic. A lot of artifacts were found during the archaeological excavations comprising ceramics and primitive tools. Most of them are now exhibited in the local museum of history [1]. An array of Neolithic artefacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools Excavated dwellings at Skara Brae Scotland, Europes most complete Neolithic village. ... An artifact (also artefact) is a term coined by Sir Julian Huxley meaning any object or process resulting from human activity. ...


Later Thracian tribes settled in the area developing a highly advanced civilization. They built many sanctuaries dedicated to the gods of Sun and Earth. Near the village of Nenkovo (northwest of Kardzhali) an artificial cave was found in 2001. It has the form of a woman's womb. Exactly at noon, when the sun is highest on the sky, a ray of light comes in through a stone slit forming a falitic shade in the cave. According to the Thracian beliefs this is the conception of the new Sun god. This cave is considered a complex astronomic facility (compared to Stonehenge in Great Britain) as the ray of light comes in the cave in a single day in the year. (See newspaper article on that in Bulgarian with photos [2]). Thracian peltast, 5th to 4th century BC Thracian Horseman Thracians in an ethnic sense refers to various ancient peoples who spoke Dacian and Thracian, a scarcely attested branch of the Indo-European language family. ... The Sun is the star of our solar system. ... Earth (often referred to as the Earth, Terra, or Planet Earth) is the third planet in the solar system in terms of distance from the Sun, and the fifth largest. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Female internal reproductive anatomy The uterus or womb is the major female reproductive organ of most mammals, including humans. ... A giant Hubble mosaic of the Crab Nebula. ... Stonehenge in 2004 For other meanings of Stonehenge, see: Stonehenge (disambiguation) Stonehenge is a Neolithic and Bronze Age megalithic monument located near Amesbury in the English county of Wiltshire, about 8 miles (13 km) north of Salisbury. ...


There are many stone castles and palaces the Thracians built in the region — Perperek, Ustra, Vishegrad. The most magnificent is Perperikon where a residence of a Thracian king was situated. The place is getting more popular as archaeological works are in progress and new artifacts are being discovered. The ruins of the ancient city of Perperikon The ancient Thracian city of Perperikon (Bulgarian: Перперикон) is located in the Eastern Rhodopes, 15 km northeast of the present-day town of Kardzhali, Bulgaria, on a 470 m high rocky hill, which is thought to have been a sacred place. ...


During the Byzantine period Kardzhali was the centre of a Christian eparchy — Ahridos. The monastery John the Precursor (Bulgarian: Йоан Продром or Йоан Предтеча) was built in the 6th-8th century and is now a monument of medieval architecture. Byzantine Empire (native Greek name: - Basileia tōn Romaiōn) is the term conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire of the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on Jesus of Nazareth, and on his life and teachings as presented in the New Testament. ... This Buddhist stela from China, Northern Wei period, was built in the early 6th century. ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ...


The name Kardzhali is mentioned for the first time in Ottoman documents. It comes from the name of the Ottoman army leader Kardzha Ali who conquered the region in the 14th century. now. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ...


Later the town developed because of its position on the trade roads during the Ottoman rule. However, it remained a small town with almost no industry.


Ottoman rule ended with the arrival of General Vasil Delov on 21 October 1912. The day has been celebrated since 1937 yearly as a municipal holiday through concerts and commemorative events. // Early centuries of Ottoman rule Organisation of Ottoman Bulgaria The Ottomans reorganised the Bulgarian territories as the Beyerlik of Rumili, ruled by a Beylerbey at Sofia. ... October 21 is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 71 days remaining. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Kardzhali was declared the centre of Kardzhali Province in 1949. 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ...

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Demography

Kardzhali has population of about 51,000. After 1990 some people migrated to larger cities in Bulgaria due to economic reasons or moved to Turkey because of political measures of the local government. Kardzhali is the region in Bulgaria with the highest proportion of ethnic Turks. Almost the entire population of Kardzhali was made up of Turks until 1950. Later, Bulgarians and Roma people settled, as some Turks moved away. Currently, the population of Kardzhali municipality consists of 62% Turks, 31% Bulgarians and 3% Roma, among others [1]. The regional government today is primarily in the hands of those of Turkish ethnicity. The province is represented in the National Assembly of Bulgaria by five deputies, all of Turkish origin. 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article is becoming very long. ... The National Assembly of Bulgaria (Bulgarian: Народното събрание, transliterated: Narodno Sabranie) is the unicameral parliament and body of the legislative of the Republic of Bulgaria. ...

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Economy

Because of economic reasons some of the industrial plants do not operate. At present the town has some factories of metallurgy and machine building. There are large deposits of lead and zinc ore which are currently extracted.


The highest share of production is delivered by retail trade and services. Since the municipality of Kardzhali has a lot natural and cultural sights, the development of tourism is a way to make the town more attractive.

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Culture

The town has two drama theatres — "Dimitar Dimov" and "Kadrie Lyatifova", a puppet theatre and a museum of history medrese, as well as an art gallery. A Madrasah complex in Gambia Ulugh Beg Madrasa, Samarkand, ca. ...

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Tourist attractions

The Thracian town of Perperikon is located near the city on a rock high above the valley. It is interesting for the fact that it is cut in the rock. The ruins of the ancient city of Perperikon The ancient Thracian city of Perperikon (Bulgarian: Перперикон) is located in the Eastern Rhodopes, 15 km northeast of the present-day town of Kardzhali, Bulgaria, on a 470 m high rocky hill, which is thought to have been a sacred place. ...


The monastery of John the Precursor from 6th century was renovated in 2000 and a new bell tower was built. [3] This article is about the year 2000. ... A tower containing one or more bells, typically part of a church is a bell tower; attached to a city hall or other civil building, it is usually named belfry; the occasional free standing one may be referred to by its Italian name, campanile. ...


The town clock is unique in Bulgaria because it sings Bulgarian revolutionary songs every hour.


The Kardzhali Museum of History has one of the most extensive exhibitions in Southern Bulgaria. This includes more than articles — pre-historic tools and ceramics from the Thracian cities of Perperikon and Tatul, Christian icons and ethnographic exhibits. The ruins of the ancient city of Perperikon The ancient Thracian city of Perperikon (Bulgarian: Перперикон) is located in the Eastern Rhodopes, 15 km northeast of the present-day town of Kardzhali, Bulgaria, on a 470 m high rocky hill, which is thought to have been a sacred place. ... The stone sarcophagus of an important Thracian ruler (presumably Orpheus) in Tatul Another view Tatul (Bulgarian: ) is a village in Momchilgrad municipality, Kardzhali Province located in the Eastern Rhodopes in southern Bulgaria. ...


There are many open-air restaurants, offering a variety of drinks and cocktails in summer time on the dam. It is a popular place among fans of water sports and fishing. Toms Restaurant, a restaurant in New York made familiar by Suzanne Vega and the television sitcom Seinfeld For other uses, see Restaurant (disambiguation). ... Water sport most commonly refers to a sport which is played in the water. ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish. ...

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Dam

The reservoir of the Kardzhali Dam was recently seeded artificially with European perch. The fish was taken from the Ovcharitsa dam. Binomial name Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus, 1758 The European perch (Perca fluviatilis) is a species of perch found in Europe and Asia. ...


The first historical moment of the dam was in the 1970s, when it was artificially seeded with sheatfish. Nowadays there are 100 kg representatives. Later, 45,000 carp were introduced into the dam as well. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... Families Akysidae Amblycipitidae Amphiliidae Ariidae Aspredinidae Astroblepidae Auchenipteridae Bagridae Callichthyidae Cetopsidae Chacidae Clariidae Claroteidae Cranoglanididae Diplomystidae Doradidae Erethistidae Hypophthalmidae Ictaluridae Lacantuniidae Loricariidae Malapteruridae Mochokidae Nematogenyidae Pangasiidae Parakysidae Pimelodidae Plotosidae Schilbeidae Scoloplacidae Siluridae Sisoridae Trichomycteridae Catfish (order Siluriformes) are a diverse group of fish. ... Genera Abramis Aristichthys Barbodes Carassius Cirrhinus Ctenopharyngodon Cyprinus Epalzeorhynchos Henicorhynchus Hypophthalmichthys Labeo Mylopharyngodon and others A carp is any of various freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae. ...


The Arda River feeds into the Kardzhali Dam. Arda is a river in Bulgaria which begins in the Rhodope Mountains near the town of Smolyan, flowing 290 kilometres eastward past Kurdzhali and Ivaylovgrad then enters the Maritsa, just west of Edirne, Turkey. ...

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Notable natives

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Halil Mutlu (born Huben Hubenov on July 14, 1973 in Postnik, Bulgaria) is a Turkish World and Olympic Champion in weightlifting. ... A professional weightlifter Weightlifting is a sport where competitors attempt to lift heavy weights mounted on steel bars, the execution of which is a combination of power and technique. ... The Bulgarian Socialist Party (Bulgarian: Bălgarska Socialističeska Partija or Българска социалистическа партия) (BSP or БСП) is a political party in Bulgaria and successor to the Bulgarian Communist Party. ... Tahsin Özgüç, (1916- 2005) was an eminent Turkish field archaeologist. ... Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... Ivo Papazov (Bulgarian: ) (born 16 February 1952 in Kardzhali), nicknamed Ibryama (Bulgarian: ), is a Bulgarian clarinetist. ... A clarinetist (sometimes also spelled clarinettist) is a musician who plays the clarinet. ... Taner Sağır (Turkish: ) (born on March 13, 1985 in Kırcaali, Bulgaria) is a Turkish world and Olympic weightlifting champion. ... A professional weightlifter Weightlifting is a sport where competitors attempt to lift heavy weights mounted on steel bars, the execution of which is a combination of power and technique. ... The Grand National Assembly (Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi in Turkish) is the unicameral parliament of Turkey which carries out legislative functions. ... Naim SüleymanoÄŸlu (also Naim Suleimanov, born January 23, 1967 at Ptichar, Bulgaria) is a Turkish World and Olympic Champion in weightlifting. ... A professional weightlifter Weightlifting is a sport where competitors attempt to lift heavy weights mounted on steel bars, the execution of which is a combination of power and technique. ... Talat Pasha To the Government Aleppo: It was at first communicated to you that the Government, by order of the Jemiet (Young Turk Committee), had decided to destroy completely all the Armenian living in Turkey. ... The Young Turks (Turkish Jöntürk (singular), Jöntürkler (plural), from French Jeunes Turcs) were a Turkish patriotic constitutionalist society, officially known as the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP) (Ä°ttihat ve Terakki Cemiyeti in Turkish) — whose leaders led a rebellion against Sultan Abdul Hamid II (who was... A professional weightlifter Weightlifting is a sport where competitors attempt to lift heavy weights mounted on steel bars, the execution of which is a combination of power and technique. ...

Sister Cities

Kardzhali participates in town twinning schemes to improve international contacts: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm Town twinning or sister cities is a concept whereby towns or cities from geographically and politically distinct areas are paired, with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

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Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Elkhart (IPA: ) is a city in Elkhart County, Indiana, United States. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... East Staffordshire is a local government district with borough status in Staffordshire in England. ...

External links

  • Kardzhali municipality website
  • Kardzhali district - cities and villages
  • Kardjali.info — news from Kardzhali and the region
  • Kardzhali museum of history
  • Yumer Lyutfi Turkish Cultural Organization (in Bulgarian and Turkish)
  • News from Kardzhali (in Turkish and Bulgarian)


Coat of arms of Bulgaria Cities and towns in Bulgaria The flag of Bulgaria
Aytos | Asenovgrad | Blagoevgrad | Botevgrad | Burgas | Dimitrovgrad | Dobrich | Dupnitsa | Gabrovo | Gorna Oryahovitsa | Gotse Delchev | Harmanli | Haskovo | Karlovo | Karnobat | Kazanlak | Kardzhali | Kyustendil | Lom | Lovech | Montana | Nova Zagora | Panagyurishte | Pazardzhik | Pernik | Petrich | Pleven | Plovdiv | Razgrad | Rousse | Samokov | Sandanski | Sevlievo | Shumen | Silistra | Sliven | Smolyan | Sofia | Stara Zagora | Svishtov | Targovishte | Troyan | Varna | Veliko Tarnovo | Velingrad | Vidin | Vratsa | Yambol

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kardzhali Travel Information - Kardzhali Hotels (941 words)
Kardzhali – everything worth knowing about Bulgaria is included on this page, history, what to see, where to stay, current industry, what to eat and where to go on a night.
Known as the capital of the Eastern Rhodopes, Kardzhali is located in the lower eastern section of the Rhodope Mountain range.
Kardzhali is probably not going to offer tourists enough to satisfy them for more than a few days.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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