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Encyclopedia > Karakoram
Karakoram
Pakistani truck on the Karakoram Highway. Nanga Parbat is visible in the background
Countries Pakistan, China, India
Gilgit, Ladakh, Baltistan
Highest point K2
 - coordinates 35°52′57″N, 76°30′48″E
 - elevation 8,612 m (28,255 ft)
Highest Karakoram peaks as seen from International Space Station

Karakoram is a mountain range spanning the borders between Pakistan, China, and India, located in the regions of Gilgit, Ladakh and Baltistan. It is one of the Greater Ranges of Asia, often considered together with the Himalaya, but not technically part of that range. Karakoram means "black gravel" in Turkic, as many of its glaciers are covered in rubble. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixels Full resolution (900 × 600 pixel, file size: 279 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A Pakistani truck on the Karakoram Highway. ... Karakoram Highway route map The highest point on the highway: the Khunjerab Pass The Karakoram Highway (KKH) is the highest paved international road in the world. ... Nanga Parbat (also known as Nangaparbat Peak or Diamir) is the ninth highest mountain on Earth and the second highest in Pakistan. ... Gilgit District is bounded by Wakhan Corridor (Afghanistan) in the north, Xinjiang (China) in the north / northeast, Skardu District in the south / southeast. ... Ladakh (Tibetan script: ལ་དྭགས་, Ladakhi IPA: , Hindi: लद्दाख़, Hindi IPA: , Urdu: لدّاخ; land of high passes) is a region in the state of Jammu and Kashmir in Northern India sandwiched between the Karakoram mountain range to the north and the Himalayas to the south. ... Baltistan (Urdu: بلتستان) , also known as Baltiyul in the Balti language, is a region to the north of Kashmir, bordering the Chinese region of Xinjiang. ... The North Face of K2 K2 is the second-highest mountain on Earth. ... The or meter (see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... ( Karakoram Range: This image, from February 14, 2000, was aquired by EarthKAM, a NASA sponsored program that provides stunning, high-quality photographs of our planet taken from the Space Shuttle and from the International Space Statio) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version... “ISS” redirects here. ... Gilgit District is bounded by Wakhan Corridor (Afghanistan) in the north, Xinjiang (China) in the north / northeast, Skardu District in the south / southeast. ... Ladakh (Tibetan script: ལ་དྭགས་, Ladakhi IPA: , Hindi: लद्दाख़, Hindi IPA: , Urdu: لدّاخ; land of high passes) is a region in the state of Jammu and Kashmir in Northern India sandwiched between the Karakoram mountain range to the north and the Himalayas to the south. ... Baltistan (Urdu: بلتستان) , also known as Baltiyul in the Balti language, is a region to the north of Kashmir, bordering the Chinese region of Xinjiang. ... The Greater Ranges comprise the high mountain ranges of Asia: the Himalaya, the Karakoram, the Hindu Kush and Hindu Raj, the Pamir, the Tien Shan, and various smaller mountain ranges of China, especially in Tibet. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ...


The Karakoram is home to more than sixty peaks above 7,000m (22,960 ft), including K2, the second highest peak of the world (8,611 m, 28,244 ft). Most of these peaks are in the Hunza of Pakistan. The range is about 500 km (300 mi) in length, and is the most heavily glaciated part of the world outside of the polar regions. The Siachen Glacier at 70 km and the Biafo Glacier at 63 km rank as the world's second and third longest glaciers outside the polar regions.[1] The North Face of K2 K2 is the second-highest mountain on Earth. ... This page is about the town of Hunza in northern areas of Pakistan. ... Glacial and Glaciation redirect here. ... The Siachen Glacier is marked in orange The Siachen Glacier is located in the East Karakoram/Himalaya, at approximately . ... Biafo Glacier is a 60km long glacier in the Hispar Pass (Northern Areas, Pakistan)which meets the 61km long Hispar Glacier at an altitude of 5,151m (16,900 feet) to make one of the longest glacial systems outside the polar region. ...


The Karakoram is bounded on the northeast by the edge of the Tibetan Plateau, and on the north by the Wakhan Corridor and the Pamir Mountains. Just to the west of the northwest end of the Karakoram lies the Hindu Raj range, beyond which is the Hindu Kush range. The southern boundary of the Karakoram is formed by the Gilgit, Indus, and Shyok Rivers, which separate the range from the northwestern end of the Himalaya range proper. Tibet Autonomous Region, Qinghai Province and Sichuan Province of China lie on the Tibetan Plateau. ... The Wakhan Corridor or Wakhan Salient (also spelt as Vakhan; وخان in Persian) is a narrow (in some places less than 10 mi. ... A photograph of Ismail Samani Peak (then known as Peak Communism) taken in 1989. ... The Hindu Raj is a mountain range in northern Pakistan, between the Hindu Kush and the Karakoram. ... The Hindu Kush or Hindukush (هندوکش in Persian) is a mountain range in Afghanistan as well as in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... The Gilgit River is a tributary of the Indus River, and flows past the town of Gilgit. ... Satellite image of the Indus River basin. ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ...


Due to its altitude and ruggedness, the Karakoram is much less inhabited than parts of the Himalayas further east. European explorers first visited early in the 19th century, followed by British surveyors starting in 1856. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


The Muztagh Pass was crossed in 1887 by the expedition of Colonel Francis Younghusband and the valleys above the Hunza River were explored by George Cockerill in 1892. Explorations in the 1910s and 1920s established most of the geography of the region. 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... Colonel Sir Francis Edward Younghusband (31 May 1863 - 31 July 1942) was a British Army officer, explorer, and spiritualist. ... The Hunza River is the principal river of Hunza, in a region known as the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... // The 1910s represent the culmination of European militarism which had its beginnings during the second half of the 19th Century. ... The 1920s is a decade that is sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ...


Marcel Ichac made a film entitled "Karakoram", chronicling a French expedition to the range in 1936. The film won the Silver Lion at the Venice film festival of 1937. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Venice Film Festival (it: Mostra Internazionale dArte Cinematografica) is the oldest Film Festival in the World (began in the 1932) and takes place every year in late August/early September on the Lido di Venezia in the historic Palazzo del Cinema on the Lungomare Marconi, in Venice, Italy. ...


A portion of the Karakoram, disputed between India and China, has been re-created as a scale model by the Chinese government.[2][3][4]

Contents

Geological importance

The Karakoram and the Himalayas are important to Earth scientists for several reasons. They are one of the world's most geologically active areas, at the boundary between two colliding continents. Therefore, they are important in the study of plate tectonics. Mountain glaciers may serve as an indicator of climate change, advancing and receding with long-term changes in temperature and precipitation. These extensive ranges may have even caused climate change when they were formed over 40 million years ago. The large amounts of rock exposed to the atmosphere are weathered (broken down) by carbon dioxide. This process removes the greenhouse gas from the atmosphere, and could have caused the global climate to cool, triggering an ongoing series of ice ages. Perspective view of the Himalayas and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... Animated, colour-coded map showing the various continents. ... The tectonic plates of the world were mapped in the second half of the 20th century. ... Glacial and Glaciation redirect here. ... View of Jupiters active atmosphere, including the Great Red Spot. ... Carbon dioxide is a chemical compound composed of one carbon and two oxygen atoms. ... Top: Increasing atmospheric CO2 levels as measured in the atmosphere and ice cores. ... Global climate is a concept that has never been defined, but roughly speaking it is meant to express the average temperature, average precipitation, average intensity of winds and similar features of Earths atmosphere and the whole planets surface. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ...


Highest peaks

K2 (Qogir Feng)
K2 (Qogir Feng)

Most of the highest of Karakoram peaks are in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. Notable peaks are: Download high resolution version (1000x1333, 158 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Download high resolution version (1000x1333, 158 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... The North Face of K2 K2 is the second-highest mountain on Earth. ... Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ...

The majority of the highest peaks are either in the Baltistan or Ladakh regions. Baltistan has more than 100 mountain peaks exceeding 6,100 metres (20,000 ft) height from sea level. The North Face of K2 K2 is the second-highest mountain on Earth. ... Gasherbrum I (also known as Hidden Peak or K5) is the eleventh highest peak on Earth. ... Broad Peak (originally named K3) is the 12th highest mountain on Earth and 4th highest in Pakistan. ... Gasherbrum II (also known as K4) is the thirteenth highest mountain on Earth. ... Gasherbrum IV is one of the peaks in the Gasherbrum massif. ... Distaghil Sar is the highest mountain in the Hispar Muztagh, a subrange of the Karakoram mountain range, in the Northern Areas of Pakistan or Gilgit-Baltistan. ... Masherbrum is the 22nd highest mountain in the world and the 11th highest in Pakistan. ... Rakaposhi is a mountain in the Karakoram mountain range. ... Kanjut Sar is a Himalayan mountain located in the Hispar Muztagh region of the Karakoram range. ... Saser Kangri (or Sasir Kangri) is a Himalayan mountain located in the Saser Muztagh region of the Karakoram range. ... Chogolisa (or Bride Peak) is a mountain in the Karakoram region of Pakistan. ... Haramosh Peak (also known as Peak 58) is a Himalayan mountain located in the Karakoram range of Pakistan. ... The Ogre or Baintha Brakk is a steep, craggy mountain, 7,285 m high, in the Karakoram range in Northern Areas of Pakistan[1]. It is famous for being one of the hardest peaks in the world to climb; 23 years elapsed between the first ascent in 1977 and the... The Muztagh Tower (also: Mustagh Tower; Muztagh: ice tower), is a mountain of the Karakoram range in the Himalaya, and often said to be one of its most difficult to climb. ...


Subranges

The naming and division of the various subranges of the Karakoram is not universally agreed upon. However, the following is a list of the most important subranges, following Jerzy Wala.[5] The ranges are listed roughly west to east.

Batura Muztagh is a sub-range of the Karakoram mountain range. ... The Rakaposhi-Haramosh Mountains are a subrange of the Karakoram range. ... The Spantik-Sosbun Mountains are a subrange of the Karakoram range in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... Hispar Muztagh is a sub-range of the Great Karakoram mountain range. ... The South Ghujerab Mountains are a subrange of the Karakoram range in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... The Panmah Muztagh is a subrange of the Karakoram range, in Baltistan, a district of the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... The Yengisogat range, also known as the Wesm Mountains, is a Chinese subrange of the Karakoram mountain range. ... The Masherbrum Mountains are a subrange of the Karakoram range. ... The Baltoro Muztagh is a subrange of the Karakoram range. ... The Saltoro Mountains (or Saltoro Muztagh) are a subrange of the Karakoram range. ... The Siachen Muztagh is a remote subrange of the Karakoram range divided between India and Pakistan along the disputed line of control of Northern Areas of Pakistan, Jammu and Kashmir state of India and Xinjiang, China. ... The Rimo Muztagh is one of the most remote subranges of the Karakoram range, in far northwestern India, near the disputed border with Pakistan. ... The Saser Muztagh is the easternmost subrange of the Karakoram range, in the Kashmir region of India. ...

References

  1. ^ Tajikistan's Fedchenko Glacier is 77 km long. Baltoro and Batura Glaciers in the Karakoram are 57 km long, as is Bruggen or Pio XI Glacier in southern Chile. Measurements are from recent imagery, generally supplemented with Russian 1:200,000 scale topographic mapping as well as Jerzy Wala,Orographical Sketch Map: Karakoram: Sheets 1 & 2, Swiss Foundation for Alpine Research, Zurich, 1990.
  2. ^ http://bbs.keyhole.com/ubb/showthreaded.php/Cat/0/Number/510687/page/vc/vc/1
  3. ^ http://www.theregister.co.uk/2006/07/19/huangyangtan_mystery/
  4. ^ http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/story?id=2266192&page=1
  5. ^ Jerzy Wala, Orographical Sketch Map of the Karakoram, Swiss Foundation for Alpine Research, Zurich, 1990.
  • Curzon, George Nathaniel. 1896. The Pamirs and the Source of the Oxus. Royal Geographical Society, London. Reprint: Elibron Classics Series, Adamant Media Corporation. 2005. ISBN 1-4021-5983-8 (pbk; ISBN 1-4021-3090-2 (hbk).

See also

Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ... Karakoram Highway route map The highest point on the highway: the Khunjerab Pass The Karakoram Highway (KKH) is the highest paved international road in the world. ... Khunjerab Pass from Pakistani side Snow leopard, an endangered species, is found in the Khunjerab National Park The Khunjerab Pass is a high mountain pass on the northern border of Pakistan with the Peoples Republic of China. ... China stretches some 5,000 kilometers across the East Asian landmass in an erratically changing configuration of broad plains, expansive deserts, and lofty mountain ranges, including vast areas of inhospitable terrain. ... Highest peaks of Pakistan as seen from space Highest Karakoram peaks as seen from International Space Station Pakistan is home to more than sixty peaks above 7,000m (22,960 feet). ... K2, the 2nd highest of the world Broad Peak, the 12th highest of the world Pakistan contains five of the highest fourteen independent peaks in the world (the eight-thousanders) and many other high peaks, in the Himalaya, Karakoram, Hindu Kush, and Hindu Raj ranges. ... This is a list of mountain ranges organized alphabetically by continent. ... Mount Everest, the worlds highest mountain The following is a list of the worlds 109 highest mountains per height above sea level, all of which are located in Asia. ... Khardung La (5602m) is highest known motorable pass in the world. ... The Karakoram Pass (5,575 m or 18,291 ft) 35°27′N 77°54′E was the highest pass on the ancient caravan route between Leh, Ladakh and Yarkand in the Tarim Basin. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
     Geography of South Asia     
Himalaya | Western Ghats | Eastern Ghats | Aravalli Range | The Nilgiris | Vindhya Range | Satpura Range | Garo Hills | Shivalik Hills | Khasi Hills | Annamalai Hills | Cardamom Hills | Sulaiman Mountains | Karakoram | Hindu Kush | Chittagong Hill Tracts | Deccan Plateau | Thar Desert | Makran | Chota Nagpur | Naga Hills | Mysore Plateau | Ladakh Plateau
Indo-Gangetic plain | Indus River Delta | Ganga basin | Ganges Delta | Atolls of Maldives | Coromandel Coast | Konkan | Lakshadweep | Andaman and Nicobar Islands | Sundarbans | Rann of Kutch | Protected areas of Tamil Nadu |
Main India | Pakistan | Nepal | Bhutan | Sri Lanka | Bangladesh | The Maldives | Portal:Himalaya region

Coordinates: 35°52′59″N, 76°30′32″E Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3042x2933, 2736 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x958, 167 KB) India This is a NASA World Wind screenshot. ... Download high resolution version (1000x662, 258 KB)The Himalayan mountain range with Mount Everest as seen from the International Space Station looking south-south-east over the Tibetan Plateau. ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... The Agasthiyamalai range of the Western Ghats The Western Ghats are a mountain range in India. ... The Eastern Ghats are a discontinuous range of mountains, eroded and cut through by the four major rivers of southern India, the Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna, and Kaveri. ... The Aravali Range The Aravali Range is a range of mountains in western India running approximately 300 miles northeast-southwest across Rajasthan state. ... A teapicker at work in the Nilgiris Nigiris Hills It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into The Nilgiris District. ... The Vindhya Range is a range of hills in central India, which geographically separates The Indian subcontinent into northern India and Southern India. ... The Satpura Range is a range of hills in central India. ... The Garo Hills are part of the Garo-Khasi range in Meghalaya, India. ... The Siwalik Hills (sometimes spelled Shiwalik, Shivalik, or Sivalik) are a sub-Himalayan mountain range running 1,600 km long from the Tista River, Sikkim, through Nepal and India, into northern Pakistan. ... The Khasi Hills are part of the Garo-Khasi range in Meghalaya, India. ... Anaimalai hills are a trekking destination in the Western Ghats located in the southern indian state of Tamil Nadu, Coimbatore district, and is known for its abundant wildlife. ... The Cardamom Hills are elevated regions in Kerala, India. ... sorry guys it is unavailable and happens to be deleted--212. ... The Hindu Kush or Hindukush (هندوکش in Persian) is a mountain range in Afghanistan as well as in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Deccan Plateau // Main article: Geography of India So anyway,The Deccan Plateau (Marathi: डेक्कन), also known as The Great Country, is a vast elevated tableland area with widely varying terrain features making up the majority of the southern India located between three ranges and extending over eight states. ... A NASA satellite image of the Thar Desert, with the India-Pakistan border superimposed is found in canada, united states. ... Makran is the southern region of Balochistan, in Iran and Pakistan along the coast of the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. ... The Chota Nagpur Plateau (also Chhota Nagpur) is a plateau in eastern India, which covers much of Jharkhand state as well as adjacent parts of Orissa, Bihar, and Chhattisgarh. ... Naga hills, reaching a height of around 3825 meters, lie on the border of India and Myanmar. ... The Mysore Plateau, also known as the South Karnataka Plateau, is one of the four geographically unique regions of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Ladakh (Tibetan script: ལ་དྭགས་, Ladakhi IPA: , Hindi: लद्दाख़, Hindi IPA: , Urdu: لدّاخ; land of high passes) is a region in the state of Jammu and Kashmir in Northern India sandwiched between the Karakoram mountain range to the north and the Himalayas to the south. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1023x505, 196 KB) Summary Dabhol beach as seen from the ferry when crossing over from Guhaghar. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Indus River Delta The Indus River Delta occurs where the Indus River flows into the Arabian Sea in Pakistan. ... The Ganga basin is a part of the composite Ganga-Brahmaputra-Meghna basin, which drains an area of 1,086,000 square kilometres. ... Ganges River Delta, Bangladesh and India The Ganges Delta (or the Bengal Delta) is a river delta in the South Asia region of Bengal, consisting of Bangladesh and the state of West Bengal, India. ... Each administrative atoll is marked, along with the thaana letter used to identify the atoll. ... The Coromandel Coast is the name given to the southeastern coast of the Indian peninsula. ... A typical view of the Konkan, consisting of white-sand beaches and palm trees (mostly coconut and betel nut). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Andaman Islands. ... Ganges River Delta, Bangladesh and India The Sundarbans delta is the largest mangrove forest in the world. ... Rann of Kutch on the Top Left. ... // Tamil Nadu, India Tamil Nadu State in South India covers an area of 130,058 km 2 (50,215 mi2). ... Maldives is a country of South Asia, situated in the Indian Ocean, south-southwest of India. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Karakoram - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (391 words)
Located in the mountainous regions of Gilgit, Ladakh and Baltistan, the Karakoram is one of the great Himalayan mountain ranges, with many of the highest and most daunting peaks of the world.
Karakoram means "fl gravel" in Turkish, as many of the surrounding glaciers are covered in rubble.
The Karakoram and the Himalaya are important to Earth scientists for several reasons.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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