Karakachans or Sarakatsani are an itinerant "white colour" (i.e. non-Roma) people of the Balkans. Their name is thought to be a pejorative label coined by Turkish conquerors, for their nomadic way of life. They used to practice transhumance, raising their herds on the move, wintering on the Aegean shore, and spending the summer in the Rhodopes or Balkan mountains. In the Ottoman period they were a relatively independent people and wealthy through trade in lamb meat and wool. After the WWII, they were sedentarized in Bulgaria. They speak an archaic Greek dialect (to some extent mixed with Aromanian words) and are Eastern Orthodox. The Roma people (pronounced rahma, singular Rom, sometimes Rroma, and Rrom) along with the closely related Sinti people are commonly known as Gypsies in English, and as Tsigany in most of Europe. ... The Balkans is the historic and geographic name used to describe southeastern Europe (see the Definitions and boundaries section below). ... A word or phrase is pejorative or derogatory (sometimes misspelled perjorative) if it expresses contempt or disapproval; dyslogistic (noun: dyslogism) is used synonymously (antonyms: meliorative, eulogistic, noun eulogism). ... Communities of nomadic people move from place to place, rather than settling down in one location. ... Transhumance is the seasonal movement of livestock between mountainous and lowland pastures. ... The Aegean Sea. ... The Rhodopes (also spelled Rodopi) are a mountain range, with over 83% of its area in southern Bulgaria and the remainder in Greece. ... Stara Planina, Rhopode, Rila and Pirin Mountains The Stara Planina (Old Mountains) or Balkan mountain range is an extension of the Carpathian mountain range, separated from it by the Danube River. ... Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) Devlet-i Ebed-mÃ¼ddet (the Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Bursa (1335 - 1365), Edirne (1365-1453), Ä°stanbul (Constantinople) (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40... A lamb being bottle fed Lamb A lamb is a young sheep. ... Wool in a shearing shed Long and short hair wool at the South Central Family Farm Research Center in Boonesville, AR Wool is the fiber derived from the hair of domesticated animals, usually sheep. ... German soldiers at the Battle of Stalingrad World War II was the most extensive and costly armed conflict in the history of the world, involving the great majority of the worlds nations, being fought simultaneously in several major theatres, and costing tens of millions of lives. ... Map of areas inhabited by Aromanians Aromanian (also known as Macedo-Romanian in Romania or Vlach in most other countries; in Aromanian: armÃ¢neashti or armÃ£neshce) is a language in the eastern group of the Romance languages, spoken in the Balkans. ... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ...
Karakachan are Orthodox Christians, they speak in ancient Greek dialect, and they have preserved their antic rituals and pagan beliefs blended with their orthodox rituals.
For already 12 years Karakachans have been coming together on the first weekend of July in the Karandila region, near the town of Silven, in the north-eastern part of Bulgaria, wearing their traditional clothes, with their dogs, horses and sheep.
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