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Encyclopedia > Karaj
Karaj

Karaj city Image File history File links Karaj-top. ...

Country
Iran
Province
Tehran
Population
2000000 (2005)
Area
1000 km²
Coordinates
Lat.: 36 (36° 1' 1 N)
Lon.: 51 (51° 17' 28 E)
Timezone
GMT/UTC + 03:30

Karaj is a city in Iran, located in Tehran province. It is situated 20 km west of Tehran, at the foot of Alborz mountains. For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tehran province has been the seat of Irans capital, Tehran, since 1778. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Alborz Mountains Mount Damavand, Irans tallest mountain is located in Alborz mountain range. ...


It had an estimated population of 1,223,000 in 2005 [1], however the city is increasingly becoming an extension of the metropolitan Tehran. For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ...

Contents

History

A medieval Caravanserai in Karaj.
A medieval Caravanserai in Karaj.

The history of Karaj dates back many centuries. The stone built Zoroastrian fire temple of Takht-e-Rostam from the Parthian era is a testament to this. Image File history File linksMetadata Caravansarai_Karaj. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Caravansarai_Karaj. ... A caravanserai (also spelt caravansarai, caravansary Persian كاروانسرا, Turkish: kervansaray), means home or shelter for caravans (caravan meaning a group or convoy of soldiers, traders or pilgrims engaged in long distance travel). ... Zoroastrianism was adapted from an earlier, polytheistic faith by Zarathushtra (Zoroaster) in Persia very roughly around 1000 BC (although, in the absence of written records, some scholars estimates are as late as 600 BC). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The Soleimanieh palace (currently housing a college of Agriculture), the mausolum of Shahzadeh Soleiman, Imamzadeh Rahman and Zeid Palang Abad-e-Eshtehard are other historical relics of the Karaj area. The interiors of many Imamzadehs are covered with mirrors to create a brilliant display of light. ...


During the Pahlavi dynasty era, the Morvarid Palace was constructed in nearby Mehrshahr district, designed by the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation. The Pahlavi dynasty(سلسله پهلوی) of Iran began with the crowning of Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1925 and ended with the Iranian Revolution of 1979, and the subsequent collapse of the ancient tradition of Iranian monarchy. ... Morvarid Palace is a palace built by Shams (a royalty of the Pahlavi dynasty) in the 1960s. ... Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959), Master of the Organic Architecture, was one of the most prominent and influential architects of the first half of the 20th century. ...


Karaj today

The economical base for Karaj is its proximity to Tehran, where transportation of products between the capital and the Caspian Sea is central. Chemicals, fertilizers and processed agricultural goods are also produced here. For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... The Caspian Sea is the largest lake on Earth by both area and volume,[1] with a surface area of 371,000 square kilometres (143,244 mi²) and a volume of 78,200 cubic kilometres (18,761 mi³).[2] It is a landlocked endorheic body of water and lies between...


It is connected by freeway, railway to Tehran 40 km east and Qazvin 100 km northwest, and by commuter rail to Tehran subway system (Metro). Qazvin may refer to: Qazvin (city) Qazvin province Note: Qazvin province was created in 1996; older references to Qazvin are invariably to the city. ...


Amirkabir dam and small lakes are based here. Karaj's climate is a bit cooler than Tehran and it receives 260 mm of rain annually.


Karaj's major districts includes :

  • Azimiye (Resalat)
  • Gohardasht (Rajaye Shahr)
  • Jahanshahr
  • Mesbah
  • Mehrshahr
  • Mehr Vila
  • Shahin Vila
  • Dehghan Vila
  • Hesarak
  • Mahdasht
  • Fardis
  • Kalak & Hesar
  • Islam Abad
  • Golshahr
  • Zibadasht
  • Homayoon Villa
  • Shahryar
  • Andisheh
  • Robat Karim
  • Asara
  • Ghaleh Hasankhan
  • Mohamad Shahr

Mehrshahr is an area located south-west of Karaj city, in Tehran province, Iran. ... Hesarak is a large suburb of Karaj in Iran. ...

Higher education and research

  • Islamic Azad University of Karaj
  • College of Agriculture and Natural Resources of University of Tehran, located in Karaj
  • Center for Research in Agriculture and Nuclear Medicine of Karaj
  • Tarbiat Mo'allem University of Tehran at Hesarak

See also

  • Morvarid Palace

Coordinates: 35°49′N 50°58′E Morvarid Palace is a palace built by Shams (a royalty of the Pahlavi dynasty) in the 1960s. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bhangrapale Anand Karaj (492 words)
Anand Karaj [ Sikh Marriage ] means an act of spiritual bliss and is always performed in the presence of the Holy Adi Granth [ sikh scripture ].
Thus jis beloved daughter Beebee Amro was married in the new way "Anand Karaj", and the Guru stood as a divine witness, to that marriage.
The fifth Guru Arjan Dev compiled the holy scripture and thence in the Anand Karaj ceremoney Adi Granth (Holy Scripture) is taken as the divine witness.
Karaj - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (267 words)
Karaj is a city in Iran, located in Tehran province.
It is situated 20 km west of Tehran, at the foot of Alborz mountains.
Karaj's climate is a bit cooler than Tehran and it receives 260 mm of rain annually.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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