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Encyclopedia > Karachi
Karachi
کراچی
Official logo of Karachi
Logo
Location within Pakistan
Location within Pakistan
Karachi (Pakistan )
Karachi
Location within Pakistan
Coordinates: 24°51′36″N 67°00′36″E / 24.86, 67.01
Country Flag of Pakistan Pakistan
Province Sindh
Municipal Committee 1853
Municipal Corporation 1933
Metropolitan Corporation 1976
City District Government 14th August 2001
City Council City Complex, Gulshan Town
Towns
Government [1]
 - Type City District
 - City Nazim Mustafa Kamal (Muttahida Qaumi Movement)
 - Naib Nazim Nasreen Jalil
Area [2]
 - Total 3,527 km² (1,356 sq mi)
Elevation 8 m (26 ft)
Population (2008)[3]
 - Total 12,461,423
 - Density 3,533.2/km² (9,189.8/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Area code(s) 021
Website: http://www.karachicity.gov.pk City-District Government of Karachi

Karachi  (Sindhi: ڪراچي, Urdu: کراچی) is the provincial capital of Sindh province and the largest city in Pakistan. In terms of population, it is one of the largest cities in the world[4], and is Pakistan's premier centre of banking, industry, and trade. Karachi is also the home of Pakistan's largest corporations that are involved in entertainment, publishing, software development, medical research. It also serves as a major hub of higher education in South Asia, and the wider Islamic World. Karachay-Cherkess Republic (Russian: , or, less formal, Karachay-Cherkessia ) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 644 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,383 × 1,288 pixels, file size: 73 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Currently, Pakistan is subdivided into four provinces, two territories, and also portions of Kashmir that are administered by the Pakistani government. ... Sindh (SindhÄ«: سنڌ, UrdÅ«: سندھ) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and historically is home to the Sindhis. ... Baldia Town is a town located in the western part of Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan with a population of more than 400,000 at the 1998 census. ... Bin Qasim Town is one of the towns in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... Gadap Town is one of the towns in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... Not to be confused with Gulberg (Lahore). ... Gulshan Town is one of the towns in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... Jamshed Town is one of the towns in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... Kiamari Town (also spelt Keamari and Kemari) is the main coastal town of Karachi, located in the central and western parts of the city, including the Port of Karachi and an extensive coastline with sandy beaches, small islands and mangrove forests. ... Korangi Town is a town in the eastern parts of Karachi, Pakistan, south of the Malir River. ... Landhi Town is a large industrial town in the eastern part of Karachi, Pakistan. ... Liaquatabad Town is a town in the central part of Karachi, Pakistan named after Liaquat Ali Khan, the first Prime Minister of Pakistan. ... Lyari Town is the smallest town by area in the city of Karachi, but also the most densely populated town. ... Malir Town is a small densely populated town in the eastern part of Karachi, with Jinnah International Airport and the Malir Cantonment to the west and north, the Malir River and Shah Faisal Town to the south and Gadap Town to the east across the Thado Nallo stream. ... New Karachi Town is a small densely populated town in the northern part of Karachi, located between the Lyari River, the Manghopir Hills and two major roads - Surjani Road to the north and Shahrah-e-Zahid Hussain to the south. ... North Nazimabad Town is one of the neighborhoods of North Nazimabad Town in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... Orangi Town is a small densely populated town in the northwestern part of Karachi, bordered by New Karachi Town to the north across the Shahrah-e-Zahid Hussain, Gulberg Town to the east across the Gujar Nala stream, Liaquatabad Town to the south, and SITE Town to the west. ... Saddar is one of the neighborhoods of Saddar Town in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... Shah Faisal Town is one of the towns in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... Sindh Industrial Trading Estate SITE Town is one of the towns in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Nasreen Jalil (22 February 1947 in Lahore) is the currently the Naib Nazim of the city of Karachi, Pakistan. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Pakistan Standard Time (PST) is the time zone for Pakistan. ... UTC +5 is the timezone for : Pakistan Standard Time in Pakistan. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Image File history File links Karachi_pronunciation. ... SindhÄ« (سنڌي, सिन्धी) is the language of the Sindh region of South Asia, which is now a province of Pakistan. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... Currently, Pakistan is subdivided into four provinces, two territories, and also portions of Kashmir that are administered by the Pakistani government. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Sindh (SindhÄ«: سنڌ, UrdÅ«: سندھ) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and historically is home to the Sindhis. ...


Karachi was the original capital of Pakistan until the construction of Islamabad, and is the location of Karachi Port, one of the regions largest and busiest ports. The city's population has since increased dramatically after the partition of British India forced hundreds of thousands of Urdu and Gujrati speaking "Mohajirs"(refugees) to settle in the city. Since independence from Britain in 1947, the city's vibrant economy has attracted migrants from all over Pakistan, and beyond. Despite a history of political turmoil, the city continues to attract those seeking prosperity. Location within Pakistan Coordinates: , Country Pakistan Province Constructed 1960s Union Council 40 UC (District Govt. ... Anthem God Save The Queen/King British India, circa 1860 Capital Calcutta (1858-1912), New Delhi (1912-1947) Language(s) Hindi, Urdu, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1877-1901 Victoria  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - January-December 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George... Urdu ( , , trans. ... Gujarati may refer to: The Gujarati language, which is spoken in India mainly ahmedabad. ...


Karachi city is expansive, and is over 3,530 square kilometres (1,363 sq mi) in area. It is locally known as the "City of Lights" (روشنين جو شهر) for its liveliness, and the "City of the Quaid" (شهرِ قائد), having been the birth and burial place of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, who also made the city his home after Pakistan's independence. Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Muhammad Ali Jinnah (Urdu:  ) (December 25, 1876 – September 11, 1948) was a Muslim politician and leader of the All India Muslim League who founded Pakistan and served as its first Governor-General. ...

Contents

Karachi's Founding and Colonial History

Main article: History of Karachi
Part of the town of Karachi, with mud houses; camels and villagers in foreground. April 1851
Part of the town of Karachi, with mud houses; camels and villagers in foreground. April 1851

Karachi was founded as "Kolachi" by Baloch tribes from Balochistan and Makran who established a small fishing community in the area [5]. Descendants of the original community still live in the area on the small island of Abdullah Goth, which is located near the Karachi Port. The original name "Kolachi" also survives in the name of a well-known Karachi locality named "Mai Kolachi." The history of Karachi prior to the nineteenth century is brief. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Language(s) Balochi Religion(s) Islam Sunni (predominantly) and Zikris around Turbat[17][18] [19] Related ethnic groups Iranian people Especially Pashtuns, Kurds, Laks, Zazas Persians and Mazandaranis The Baloch (بلوچ; alternative transliterations Baluch, Balouch, Bloach,Balooch, Balush, Balosh, Baloosh, Baloush et al. ... This article is about the wider Balochistan region. ... Makran is the southern region of Balochistan, in Iran and Pakistan along the coast of the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. ...


The city remained a small fishing village until the British seized control of the offshore and strategically located island of Manora. Thereafter, authorities of the British Raj embarked on a large-scale modernization of the city in the 19th century with the intention of establishing a major and modern port which could serve as a gateway to Punjab, the western parts of British India, and Afghanistan. Britain's competition with imperial Russia during the Great Game also heightened the need for a modern port near Central Asia, and so Karachi prospered as a major centre of commerce and industry during the Raj, attracting communities of: Africans, Arabs, Armenians, Goan Catholics, Jews (both Sephardic and Ashkenazi), Lebanese Christians, Malayans, and Zoroastrians - in addition to the large number of British businessmen and colonial administrators who established the city's poshest locales, such as Clifton. Anthem God Save The King-Emperor The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (1858 - 1912) New Delhi (1912 - 1947) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy... Look up Punjab in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Anthem God Save The Queen/King British India, circa 1860 Capital Calcutta (1858-1912), New Delhi (1912-1947) Language(s) Hindi, Urdu, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1877-1901 Victoria  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - January-December 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George... The Great Game is a term, usually attributed to Arthur Connolly, used to describe the rivalry and strategic conflict between the British Empire and the Tsarist Russian Empire for supremacy in Central Asia. ...


British colonialists embarked on a number of public works of sanitation and transportation - such as gravel paved streets, proper drains, street sweepers, and a network of trams and horse-drawn trolleys. Colonial administrators also set up military camps, a European inhabited quarter, and organized marketplaces, of which the Empress Markets are most notable. The city's wealthy elite also endowed the city with a large number of grand edifices, such as the elaborately decorated buildings that house social clubs, known as 'Gymkhanas.' Wealthy businessmen also funded the construction of the Kothwari Parade (a large seaside promenade) and the Frere Hall, in addition to the cinemas, and gambling parlours which dotted the city.


Karachi witnessed relatively few events associated with the Indian movement for independence. Perhaps because of effective colonial administration, the city witnessed only few outbursts of anti-British sentiment in the city, unlike most other major cities in British India, which were often the scene of violence and widespread "civil disobedience." As the movement for Indian independence almost reached its conclusion, the city suffered widespread outbreaks of communal violence between Muslims and Hindus. In response to the perceived threat of Hindu domination, in combination with Sindhi Muslim resentment towards wealthy Sindi Hindus, the province of Sindh became the first province of British India to pass the Pakistan Resolution, in favor of the creation of the Pakistani state. The ensuing turmoil of Partition lead to the expulsion of most of Karachi's wealthy Hindu community. While many poorer Hindus, Christians, and wealthy Zoroastrians remained in the city, Karachi's native Sindhi Hindu community was almost entirely uprooted, and replaced by migrants from India seeking refuge from the anti-Muslim pogroms which were taking place there. Look up partition in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Zoroastrianism was adapted from an earlier, polytheistic faith by Zarathushtra (Zoroaster) in Persia very roughly around 1000 BC (although, in the absence of written records, some scholars estimates are as late as 600 BC). ...


Post-Independence

Upon the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the city was selected by the governing Muslim Leagueto become the national capital of Pakistan, which at the time also included modern day Bangladesh. Karachi was the focus for settlement by refugees from India, who drastically expanded the city's population and transformed the demographics, and economy. Karachi has since faced major infrastructural and socio-economic challenges, but modern industries and businesses have developed in the city, particularly in Korangi, and SITE. Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The All India Muslim League (Urdu: مسلم لیگ), founded at Dhaka in 1906, was a political party in British India that developed into the driving force behind the creation of Pakistan as a Muslim state from British India on the Indian subcontinent. ...


The area of Karachi was known to the ancient Greeks by many names: Krokola, the place where Alexander the Great camped to prepare a fleet for Babylonia after his campaign in the Indus valley; 'Morontobara' (probably Manora island near Karachi harbour), from where Alexander's admiral Nearchus set sail; and Barbarikon, a port of the Indo-Greek Bactrian kingdom. It was later known to the Arabs as Debal, the starting point for Muhammad bin Qasim and his army in 712 CE. Krokola was a port located at modern Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... For the film of the same name, see Alexander the Great (1956 film). ... Babylonia was a state in southern Mesopotamia, in modern Iraq, combining the territories of Sumer and Akkad. ... The Indus is a river; the Indus River. ... Manora is a small island just outside the port of Karachi, Pakistan. ... The logo of the Karachi Port Trust. ... Nearchus (or Nearchos) was one of the officers in the army of Alexander the Great. ... Barbarikon was the name of a sea port near the modern-day city of Karachi, Pakistan, important in the Hellenistic era in Indian Ocean trade. ... Maximum extent of Indo-Greek territory circa 175 BCE. The Indo-Greeks (or sometimes Greco-Indians) designate a series of Greek kings, who invaded and controlled parts of northwest and northern India from 180 BCE to around 10 BCE. They are the continuation of the Greco-Bactrian dynasty of Greek... Bactria (Bactriana) was the ancient Greek name of the country between the range of the Hindu Kush (Caucasus Indicus) and the Amu Darya (Oxus), with the capital Bactra (now Balkh). ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... Debal was a port located at modern Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... Muhammad bin Qasim Al-Thaqafi (Arabic: محمد بن قاسم) (c. ... Events Ansprand succeeds Aripert as king of the Lombards. ...


The city was visited by Ottoman Admiral Sidi Ali Reis in 1550s and mentioned in his book Mirat ul Memalik (The Mirror of Countries), 1557 CE [6]. The present city started life as a fishing settlement when a Baluchi fisherwoman called Mai Kolachi took up residence and started a family. The village that later grew out of this settlement was known as Kolachi-jo-Goth (Village of Kolachi in Sindhi). By the late 1700s the village was trading across the Arabian Sea with Muscat and the Persian Gulf region. A small fort was constructed for its protection, armed with cannons imported from Muscat. The fort had two main gateways: one facing the sea, known as Kharra Darwaaza (Brackish Gate) and the other facing the Lyari River known as the Mitta Darwaaza (Sweet Gate) [7]. The location of these gates correspond to the modern areas of Kharadar (Khārā Dar) and Mithadar (Mīṭhā Dar). Look up Ottoman, ottoman in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Events February 7 - Julius III becomes Pope. ... Mai Kolachi (Auntie Kolachi) an old fisherwoman by the name of who settled near the delta of the Indus River to start a community. ... SindhÄ« (سنڌي, सिन्धी) is the language of the Sindh region of South Asia, which is now a province of Pakistan. ... The Arabian Sea (Arabic: بحر العرب; transliterated: Bahr al-Arab) is a region of the Indian Ocean bounded on the east by India, on the north by Pakistan and Iran, on the west by Arabian Peninsula, on the south, approximately, by a line between Cape Guardafui, the north-east point of Somalia... Classification City Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said Area 3,500 km² [1] Population  - Total (2005)  - Density  - Oman calculated rank 606,024 [2] 184. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... Lyari River carries the sewerage water of the inhabitant of karachi and drops into Arabian sea. ...


In 1795, the village became a domain of the Balochi Talpur rulers. A small factory was opened by the British in September 1799, but was closed down within a year. After sending a couple of exploratory missions to the area, the British East India Company conquered the town on February 3, 1839. The town was later annexed to the British Indian Empire when Sindh was conquered by Charles James Napier in 1843. On his departure in 1847, he is said to have remarked, "Would that I could come again to see you in your grandeur!". 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Language(s) Balochi Religion(s) Islam Sunni (predominantly) and Zikris around Turbat[17][18] [19] Related ethnic groups Iranian people Especially Pashtuns, Kurds, Laks, Zazas Persians and Mazandaranis The Baloch (بلوچ; alternative transliterations Baluch, Balouch, Bloach,Balooch, Balush, Balosh, Baloosh, Baloush et al. ... Talpur is a Baloch tribe that conquered and ruled Sindh, and other parts of Pakistan, from 1783 to 1843 AD. Talpur army defeated Kalhora dynasty in the battle of Halani in 1783 to became rulers of Sindh. ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was the first joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first to issue public stock). ... The British Raj is an informal term for the period of British rule of most of the Indian subcontinent, or present-day India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka (previously known as Ceylon). ... Sindh (Sindhī: سنڌ, Urdū: سندھ) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and historically is home to the Sindhis. ... General Sir Charles James Napier General Sir Charles James Napier GCB (August 10, 1782 – August 29, 1853) was a British general and Commander-in-Chief in India. ...


Karachi was made the capital of Sindh in the 1840s. On Napier's departure it was added along with the rest of Sindh to the Bombay Presidency. The British realized the importance of the city as a military cantonment and as a port for exporting the produce of the Indus River basin, and rapidly developed its harbour for shipping. The foundations of a city municipal government were laid down and infrastructure development was undertaken. New businesses started opening up and the population of the town began rising rapidly. Bombay Presidency was a former province of British India. ... ‹ The template below (Citations missing) is being considered for deletion. ...


In 1857, the First Indian War for Independence broke out in the subcontinent and the 21st Native Infantry stationed in Karachi declared allegiance to rebels, joining their cause on September 10, 1857. Nevertheless, the British were able to quickly reassert control over Karachi and defeat the uprising. Karachi was known as Khurachee Scinde (i.e. Karachi, Sindh) during the early British colonial rule. Belligerents Rebellious East India Company Sepoys, 7 Indian princely states, deposed rulers of the independent states of Oudh, Jhansi Some Indian civilians. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...

An old image of Karachi from 1889
An old image of Karachi from 1889

In 1864, the first telegraphic message was sent from India to England when a direct telegraph connection was laid between Karachi and London.[8] In 1878, the city was connected to the rest of British India by rail. Public building projects such as Frere Hall (1865) and the Empress Market (1890) were undertaken. In 1876, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, was born in the city, which by now had become a bustling city with churches, mosques, courthouses, markets, paved streets and a magnificent harbour. By 1899 Karachi had become the largest wheat exporting port in the east.[citation needed] The population of the city was about 105,000 inhabitants by the end of the 19th century, with a cosmopolitan mix of Hindus, Muslims, Europeans, Jews, Parsis, Iranians, Lebanese, and Goans. By the turn of the century, the city faced street congestion, which led to India’s first tramway system being laid down in 1900. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (900x615, 96 KB) An old view of the Karachi city, dating 1889. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (900x615, 96 KB) An old view of the Karachi city, dating 1889. ... Frere Hall - a beautiful structure built during the days of the British Raj Frere Hall is one of the few well-preserved buildings from the days of the British Raj that still exists in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... Empress Market circa 1995 Empress Market is located in Saddar Town of Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... Muhammad Ali Jinnah (Urdu:  ) (December 25, 1876 – September 11, 1948) was a Muslim politician and leader of the All India Muslim League who founded Pakistan and served as its first Governor-General. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... a person from Pars (the middle-Persian word for Fars), a region now within the geographical boundaries of Iran, and is roughly the original homeland of the Persian people. ... Goa (गोवा) is Indias smallest state in terms of area and the fourth smallest in terms of population after Sikkim, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh. ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ...


By the time the new country of Pakistan was formed in 1947, Karachi had become a bustling metropolis with beautiful classical and colonial European styled buildings lining the city’s thoroughfares. Karachi was chosen as the capital of Pakistan and accommodated a huge influx of migrants and refugees after partition. The demographics of the city changed dramatically but it still maintained cultural diversity as new residents arrived from all parts of India. In 1958, the capital of Pakistan was moved from Karachi to Rawalpindi and then to Islamabad in 1960. This marked the start of a long period of decline in the city, marked by a lack of development. The 1980s and 1990s saw an influx of refugees from the Afghan war into Karachi. Political tensions between the Muhajir groups (descendants of migrants from the partition era) and other groups also erupted and the city was wracked with political and sectarian violence. Most of these tensions have now simmered down. This article is under construction. ...   (Urdu: راولپنڈی RāwalpindÄ«) is a city in the Potwar Plateau near Pakistans capital city of Islamabad, in the province of Punjab. ... Location within Pakistan Coordinates: , Country Pakistan Province Constructed 1960s Union Council 40 UC (District Govt. ... Belligerents DRA USSR Mujahideen of Afghanistan Commanders Soviet 40th Army: Sergei Sokolov Valentin Varennikov Boris Gromov DRA: Babrak Karmal Mohammad Najibullah Abdul Rashid Dostum Abdul Haq Jalaluddin Haqqani Gulbuddin Hekmatyar Ismail Khan Ahmad Shah Massoud Strength Soviet forces: 80,000-104,000 Afghan forces: 329,000 (in 1989)[1] 45...


Karachi continues to be an important financial and industrial centre and handles most of the overseas trade of Pakistan and the central Asian countries. It accounts for a large portion of the GDP of Pakistan and a large proportion of the country's white collar workers. Karachi's population has continued to grow and is estimated to have passed the 20 million mark, although official figures still show a population of around 14.5 million.[citation needed] The current economic boom in Pakistan has also resulted in a new period of resurgence in the economy of Karachi. GDP is an acronym which can stand for more than one thing: (in economics) an abbreviation for Gross Domestic Product. ...


Geography and climate

Main article: Climate of Karachi
Satellite view of Karachi
Satellite view of Karachi

Karachi is located in the south of Sindh, on the coast of the Arabian Sea. The city covers an area of approximately 3,530 square kilometres (1,363 sq mi), comprised largely of flat or rolling plains, with hills on the western and northern boundaries of the urban sprawl. Two rivers pass through the city: the River Malir which flows from the east towards the south and centre, and the River Lyari, which flows from north to the south west. The Port of Karachi is a sheltered bay to the south-west of the city, protected from storms by the Sandspit Beach, the Manora Island and the Oyster Rocks. The Arabian Sea beach lines the southern coastline of Karachi. Dense mangroves and creeks of the Indus delta can be found towards the south east side of the city. Towards the west and the north is Cape Monze, locally known as Raas Muari, an area marked with projecting sea cliffs and rocky sandstone promontories. Some excellent beaches can also be found in this area. Karachi is located on the coast and as a result has a relatively mild climate. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (633x639, 414 KB) Summary Satellites image by NASA public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (633x639, 414 KB) Summary Satellites image by NASA public domain. ... -1... Malir River (Urdu:دریائے ملير ) is located in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... Lyari River (Urdu:دریائے لیاری) is located in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... The logo of the Karachi Port Trust. ... Manora is a small island just outside the port of Karachi, Pakistan. ... Cape Monze is a beach on the Arabian Sea located near the Hub River and Gadani Beach in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ...


Located on the coast, Karachi tends to have a relatively mild climate with low levels of average precipitation (approximately 10 inches per annum), the bulk of which occurs during the July-August monsoon season. Winters are mild and the summers are hot, however the proximity to the sea maintains humidity levels at a near-constant high and cool sea breezes relieve the heat of the summer months. Due to high temperatures during the summer (ranging from 30 to 44 degrees Celsius from April to August), the winter months (November to February) are generally considered the best times to visit Karachi. July, December and January have pleasing and cloudy weather when most of the social events, ranging from weddings to charity fundraisers, frequently take place. Tourists and expatriates visit Karachi in these months, Highest recorded is 47.8 °C (118.0 °F) and lowest is 0 °C (32 °F).[9] For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ...

Temperatures (1931-2002) Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Highest maximum (°C) 32.8 36.1 41.0 44.4 47.8 47.0 42.2 41.7 42.8 43.3 38.5 34.5 47.8
Lowest minimum (°C) 0.0 3.3 7.0 12.2 17.7 22.1 22.2 20.0 18.0 10.0 6.1 1.3 0.0

Government

Karachi at night

The City of Karachi Municipal Act was promulgated in 1933. Initially the Municipal Corporation comprised the mayor, the deputy mayor and 57 councillors. The Karachi Municipal Corporation was changed to a Metropolitan Corporation in 1976. The administrative area of Karachi was a second-level subdivision known as Karachi Division, which was subdivided into five districts: Karachi Central, Karachi East, Karachi South, Karachi West and Malir. In 2000, the national government implemented a new devolution plan which abolished the second-tier divisions and merged the five districts of Karachi into a new City District, structured as a three-tiered federation, with the two lower tiers composed of 18 towns and 178 union councils (UC).[10] City District Government of Karachi (CDGK), formerly Karachi Metropolitan Corporation is responsible for the administration of Karachi, Pakistans largest city. ... Karachi City Municipal Act was promulgated in 1933. ... Union Councils of Karachi are local governments in Karachi. ... Image File history File links Karachi_at_night. ... Image File history File links Karachi_at_night. ... Government of Pakistan (Urdu: حکومتِ پاکستان)The Constitution of Pakistan provides for a Federal Parliamentary System of government, with a President as the Head of State and an indirectly-elected Prime Minister as the chief executive. ... The Divisions of Pakistan were previously the third tier of government in Pakistan until they were abolished in 2000. ... Union Council Union Council is a sub part of a district, usually it is a large village also including the nearby small villages. ...

Karachi Municipal Corporation office building
Karachi Municipal Corporation office building

The towns are governed by elected municipal administrations responsible for infrastructure and spatial planning, development facilitation, and municipal services (water, sanitation, solid waste, repairing roads, parks, street lights, and traffic engineering), with some functions being retained by the City-District Government (CDG).[10] The third-tier 178 union councils are each composed of thirteen directly elected members including a Nazim (mayor) and a Naib Nazim (deputy mayor). The UC Nazim heads the union administration and is responsible for facilitating the CDG to plan and execute municipal services, as well as for informing higher authorities about public concerns and complaints. Malir Town is a small densely populated town in the eastern part of Karachi, with Jinnah International Airport and the Malir Cantonment to the west and north, the Malir River and Shah Faisal Town to the south and Gadap Town to the east across the Thado Nallo stream. ... Shah Faisal Town is one of the towns in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... Landhi Town is a large industrial town in the eastern part of Karachi, Pakistan. ... Korangi Town is a town in the eastern parts of Karachi, Pakistan, south of the Malir River. ... Bin Qasim Town is one of the towns in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... Gadap Town is one of the towns in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... Jamshed Town is one of the towns in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... Gulberg town is one of the different adminsitartive divisions of the city government of Karachi. ... Liaquatabad Town is a town in the central part of Karachi, Pakistan named after Liaquat Ali Khan, the first Prime Minister of Pakistan. ... North Nazimabad Town is one of the neighborhoods of North Nazimabad Town in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... New Karachi Town is a small densely populated town in the northern part of Karachi, located between the Lyari River, the Manghopir Hills and two major roads - Surjani Road to the north and Shahrah-e-Zahid Hussain to the south. ... Orangi Town is a small densely populated town in the northwestern part of Karachi, bordered by New Karachi Town to the north across the Shahrah-e-Zahid Hussain, Gulberg Town to the east across the Gujar Nala stream, Liaquatabad Town to the south, and SITE Town to the west. ... Baldia Town is a town located in the western part of Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan with a population of more than 400,000 at the 1998 census. ... Lyari Town is the smallest town by area in the city of Karachi, but also the most densely populated town. ... Saddar is one of the neighborhoods of Saddar Town in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... Nazim (Urdu: ناظم ) is the Coordinator of cities and towns in Pakistan. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... The Deputy Mayor of a community is the number two official to the mayor. ...


In the elections of 2005, Mustafa Kamal was elected City Nazim of Karachi to succeed Naimatullah Khan and Nasreen Jalil was elected as the City Naib Nazim. Mustafa Kamal was previously the provincial minister for information technology in Sindh. Mustafa Kamal is advancing the development trail and has been actively involved in maintaining care of the city's municipal systems.[11]. There are also six military cantonments administered by the Pakistan Army which do not form part of the City of Karachi. These cantonment have a very little population but covers a very large area (about 40% of the total area of Karachi) & most expensive land of Karachi. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Niamthullah Khan, (born October 1, 1930 Ajmer, British India) was the Nazim of largest city of Pakistan, Karachi from August 2001-June 2005. ... Nasreen Jalil (22 February 1947 in Lahore) is the currently the Naib Nazim of the city of Karachi, Pakistan. ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information Technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... A cantonment is a temporary or semi-permanent military quarters, typically in South India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. ... The Pakistan Army (Urdu: پاک فوج) is the largest branch of the Pakistan military, and is mainly responsible for protection of the state borders, the security of administered territories and defending the national interests of Pakistan within the framework of its international obligations. ...

  • Karachi Cantonment
  • Clifton Cantonment
  • Faisal Cantonment
  • Malir Cantonment
  • Korangi Creek Cantonment
  • Manora Cantonment

The Faisal Cantonment is a cantonment town of the city of Karachi, in Sindh, Pakistan. ... The Malir Cantonment is a cantonment town of the city of Karachi, in Sindh, Pakistan. ...

Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Karachi
Trend of population growth (in millions) in Karachi
Trend of population growth (in millions) in Karachi
Year Urban Population

1856 56,875
1872 56,753
1881 73,560
1891 105,199
1901 136,297
1911 186,771
1921 244,162
1931 300,799
1941 435,887
1951 1,068,459
1961 1,912,598
1972 3,426,310
1981 5,208,132
1998 9,269,265
2008 12,461,423[3]

The population and demographic distribution in Karachi has undergone numerous changes over the past 150 years. Non-governmental and international sources estimate Karachi's current population at about 10 million[not in citation given][12] — a huge increase over its population in 1947 (400,000). The city's population is currently growing at about 5% per year (mainly on account of rural-urban internal migration), including an estimated 45,000 migrant workers coming to the city every month from different parts of Pakistan.[13] Trend of population growth (in millions) in Karachi Karachi is the largest city and also the most popular city in Pakistan. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Net migration rates for 2006: positive (blue), negative (orange) and stable (green). ...


Before 1947, Karachi had large Sindhi communities of Parsis, Jews, Armenians, Hindus, Christians, Balochis and Gujaratis. After independence, a large number of Sindhi Hindus left the city for India and were replaced by Indian refugees. The Indian refugees migrated from different parts of India. Currently, the native Sindhis and continuing migration from different parts of Pakistan and India have contributed to a very cosmopolitan mix of residents. Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the Parsi community. ... The Armenians are a nation and an ethnic group, originating in the Caucasus and eastern Asia Minor. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... Language(s) Balochi Religion(s) Islam Sunni (predominantly) and Zikris around Turbat[17][18] [19] Related ethnic groups Iranian people Especially Pashtuns, Kurds, Laks, Zazas Persians and Mazandaranis The Baloch (بلوچ; alternative transliterations Baluch, Balouch, Bloach,Balooch, Balush, Balosh, Baloosh, Baloush et al. ... Languages Gujarati Religions Hinduism, Islam, Zoroastrianism (see Parsis), Jainism, Christianity Gujarati people (Gujarati: ગુજરાતી લોકો Gujǎrātī loko), or Gujaratis, is an umbrella term used to describe traditionally Gujarati-speaking Indo-Aryan people who can trace their ancestry to the Gujarat region in India. ...


The new government allotted much of the property left by the departing Sindhis to the Indian refugees. However, the Indian refugees also formed the political minorty in the city, which gave them substantial political clout, to the native Sindhi inhabitants.


Since 1979, due to the Soviet war in Afghanistan and continued upheavals in their country, a steady stream of Afghan refugees have also taken up permanent residence in and around Karachi.[14] These refugees now number more than one and half million and comprise a number of ethnic groups: Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras, Uzbeks, Nuristani and Turkmen. Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Belligerents DRA USSR Mujahideen of Afghanistan Commanders Soviet 40th Army: Sergei Sokolov Valentin Varennikov Boris Gromov DRA: Babrak Karmal Mohammad Najibullah Abdul Rashid Dostum Abdul Haq Jalaluddin Haqqani Gulbuddin Hekmatyar Ismail Khan Ahmad Shah Massoud Strength Soviet forces: 80,000-104,000 Afghan forces: 329,000 (in 1989)[1] 45... Language(s) Pashto Religion(s) Islam (predominantly Sunni) Pashtuns (Pashto: پشتون or پختون , also rendered as Pushtuns, Pakhtuns, Pukhtuns), also called Pathans (Urdu: پٹھان, Hindi: पठान ), ethnic Afghans,[10] or synonymously Afghans[11] (Persian: افغان ), are an Eastern Iranian ethno-linguistic group with populations primarily in eastern and southern Afghanistan and in the North-West... Languages Persian Religions Islam (predominantly Sunni (Hanafi), with Shia (Twelver and Ismaili) minorities) Tājik (Persian: ; UniPers: Tâjik; Tajik: ) is a term generally applied to Persian-speaking peoples of Iranian origin living east and northeast of present-day Iran. ... Language(s) Hazaragi/Dari (Hazaragi and Dari dialects) Religion(s) Shia, some Sunni Related ethnic groups Mongol, Turkic, Iranian The Hazara are an ethnic group who reside mainly in the central region of Afghanistan, called Hazarajat or Hazaristan. ... The Nuristani are a religious/ethnic group in the Nurestan Province of Afghanistan. ...


The current estimated linguistic distribution of the city is: Urdu: 44.52%; Sindhi: 18.38%;Punjabi: 11.25%; Pashto: 14.59%; Balochi: 4.34%; Saraiki: 2.11%; others: 4.81%. The others include Dari, Gujarati, Dawoodi Bohra, Memon, Marwari, Brahui, Makrani, Khowar, Burushaski, Arabic, Persian and Bengali.[15] Urdu ( , , trans. ... SindhÄ« (سنڌي, सिन्धी) is the language of the Sindh region of South Asia, which is now a province of Pakistan. ... Punjabi redirects here. ... Pashto (‎, IPA: , also rendered as Pakhto, Pushto, Pukhto ‎, Pashtoe, Pashtu, Pushtu, Pathani or Pushtoo and also known as Afghan language[4][5]) is an Iranian language spoken by Pashtuns living in Afghanistan and Pakistan[6]. // Geographic distribution of Pashto (purple) and other Iranian languages Pashto is spoken by about 30... Balochi (also Baluchi, Baloci or Baluci) is a Northwestern Iranian language. ... ... Dari is a term used to denote one of several closely related Persian dialects spoken in what used to be Greater Khorasan: The official name for the Persian language in Afghanistan; see Dari (Afghanistan) One name used by Zoroastrians (the others being Gabri and Yazdi) to refer to the Northwestern... Gujarati (ગુજરાતી GujÇŽrātÄ«; also known as Gujerati, Gujarathi, Guzratee, and Guujaratee[3]) is an Indo-Aryan language descending from Sanskrit, and part of the greater Indo-European language family. ... Dawoodi Bohras are the main branch of the Bohras (a Mustali subsect of Ismaili Shia Muslims) based primarily in India and Pakistan. ... Memon (Gujarati: ; Sindhi: ; Hindi: ; Urdu: ) a minority social group primarily connected with the Indian sub-continent trace their roots largely to Sindh, Kutch and Kathiawar. ... Marwari may refer to: Marwari Site, Connecting Marwaris :TheMarwari. ... The Brahui (بروہی) or Bravi (براوِ) language, spoken by the Brahui, is mainly spoken in Balochistan, Pakistan, although it is also spoken in Afghanistan and Iran. ... Khowar is classified as a Dardic Language. ... Burushaski is a language isolate spoken by some 87,000 (as of 2000) Burusho people in the Hunza, Nagar, Yasin, and parts of the Gilgit valleys in northern Pakistan and Kashmir. ... Arabic redirects here. ... Farsi redirects here. ... Bangla redirects here. ...


The religious breakup of the city is as follows: Muslim: 94.50%; Hindu: 5.35%; Christian: 1.9%; Ahmadi: 0.17%; others 0.13%. The others include Parsis, Jews, Orthodox and Buddhists[16][17] There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Ahmadiyya branch of Islam founded by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. ... This article is about the Parsi community. ... in Christianity: Eastern Christianity Oriental Orthodoxy Orthodox Christianity Orthodoxy by country in Judaism: Orthodox Judaism Modern Orthodox Judaism Jewish organisations: Orthodox Union Categories: ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by...


Economy

Main article: Economy of Karachi
A part of Karachi's financial district
A part of Karachi's financial district
MCB Tower
MCB Tower
Habib Bank Plaza
Habib Bank Plaza

Karachi is the financial and commercial capital of Pakistan; it accounts for a lion's share of Pakistan's revenue generation. It generates over 65% of the total national revenue (federal and provincial taxes, customs and surcharges), Although a larger part of this amount account for as indirect tax contribution.[18] Karachi produces about 42 percent of value added in large scale manufacturing and 25% of the GDP of Pakistan. In February 2007, the World Bank identified Karachi as the most business-friendly city in Pakistan.[19] View of the I.I.Chundrigar Rd skyline, heart of the financial district of Karachi Karachi is the financial capital of Pakistan. ... Image File history File links KarachiFinancial. ... Image File history File links KarachiFinancial. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... The World Bank logo The World Bank (the Bank) is a part of the World Bank Group (WBG), is a bank that makes loans to developing countries for development programs with the stated goal of reducing poverty. ...


Karachi is the nerve centre of Pakistan's economy. The economic stagnation due to political anarchy, ethnic strife and resulted military operation during late 80s and 90s led to efflux of industry from Karachi. Despite this severe shock, Karachi claims highest per capita income in South Asia, with a GDP per capita greater than $8,000 today. However, the distribution of this figure is highly disputed due to rampant corruption and wealth disparity.


Most of Pakistan's public and private banks are headquartered on Karachi's I.I. Chundrigar Road, while most major foreign multinational corporations operating in Pakistan have their headquarters in Karachi. The Karachi Stock Exchange is the largest stock exchange in Pakistan, and is considered by many economists to be one of the prime reasons for Pakistan's 8% GDP growth across 2005.[20] During the 1960s, Karachi was seen as an economic role model around the world, and there was much praise for the way its economy was progressing. Many countries sought to emulate Pakistan's economic planning strategy and one of them, South Korea, copied the city's second "Five-Year Plan" and World Financial Centre in Seoul is designed and modeled after Karachi.[21][22] Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar Road or I. I. Chundrigar Road is the main business street in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... multinational corporation (or transnational corporation) (MNC/TNC) is a corporation or enterprise that manages production establishments or delivers services in at least two countries. ... The Karachi Stock Exchange or KSE is a stock exchange located in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ...


Recently, Karachi has seen an expansion of information and communications technology and electronic media and has become the software outsourcing hub of Pakistan. Call centres for foreign companies have been targeted as a significant area of growth, with the government making efforts to reduce taxes by as much as 80% in order to gain foreign investments in the IT sector[23][24] In April 2008, the City District Government build a Control Unit(CU) which accommodate the world largest data center. With the help of this CU, every road in Karachi is monitored through a very high resolution camera, which even capture the number plate and the face of driver with in a second and send it to the CU. These cameras are fixed 100 ft above to the ground. An additional security camera is also placed above the camera to ensure the security and theft issues of the camera. These security cameras are 300 ft above the ground. Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information Technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... A screenshot of a web page. ... A call centre (Commonwealth English) or call center (AmE) is a centralised office of a company that answers incoming telephone calls from customers or that makes outgoing telephone calls to customers (telemarketing). ...


Many of Pakistan’s independent television and radio channels are based in Karachi including world popular Business Plus, Geo Tv, KTN,[25] Sindh TV,[26] CNBC Pakistan, TV One, Indus Television Network and Dawn News as well as several local stations. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with List of Pakistani television stations. ... The October 2004 issue of Business Plus Business Plus is an Irish business magazine published in Dublin by Nalac Limited. ... CNBC Pakistan is the first international business channel in the country to report the entire gamut of markets and financial activities at the international and national level on a minute-to-minute basis throughout the day to the discerning viewers of the country. ... TV One is a New Zealand national television network owned and operated by state-owned media company TVNZ. It is targeted at an older audience, compared to other major television channels in New Zealand. ... Dawn News is Pakistans first 24-hour English news channel. ...


Karachi has several large industrial zones such as SITE, Korangi, Northern Bypass Industrial Zone, Bin Qasim and North Karachi located on the fringes of the main city.[27] The primary areas are textiles, pharmaceuticals, steel, and automobiles. In addition, Karachi has a vibrant cottage industry and there is a rapidly flourishing Free Zone with an annual growth rate of nearly 6.5%.


The Karachi Expo Centre hosts many regional and international exhibitions.[28] The Karachi Expo Centre is located in the Gulshan Town, Karachi, Pakistan. ...


Karachi has branches of major motor companies such as BMW, Audi, Porsche, Mercedes, Rolls Royce, Ferrari, Land Rover, Rexton, Lexus, Chevrolet, Toyota, Honda, Dodge, GM Comapny, Hummer, Nissan, UD Nissan Diesel, Diahatsu, Suzuki, Kia, Mitsubishi, Hyundai, Daewoo, Isuzu, Renault, Bedford, FAW, Geely, Proton, Chery, several automotive companies of china as well as the Adam Motor Company and HinoPak.[29][30] For other uses, see BMW (disambiguation). ... Audi AG, more commonly known as Audi, is a premium German automobile manufacturer and one of the worlds leading performance-luxury marques, with headquarters in Ingolstadt, Bavaria. ... This article is about the auto company. ... This page is about the Mercedes-Benz brand of automobiles and trucks from the DaimlerChrysler automobile manufacturer. ... Rolls-Royce Motor Cars is a BMW subsidiary responsible for the manufacture of the Rolls-Royce Phantom. ... This article is about the automobile manufacturer. ... Land Rover was the name of one of the first British civilian all-terrain utility vehicles, first produced by Rover in 1947. ... Lexus is the luxury vehicle division of Japanese automaker Toyota Motor Corporation. ... Chevrolet (IPA: - French origin) (also known as Chevy) is a brand of automobile, produced by General Motors (GM). ... Toyota Motor Corporation ) (pronounced [to-yo-ta]) is a multinational corporation headquartered in Japan, and currently is the worlds largest automaker. ... This article is about the Japanese motor corporation. ... For other uses, see Dodge (disambiguation). ... Hummer is a brand of off-road vehicles sold by General Motors, also known as GM. The H1 version is based on the military High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV, or Humvee). ... Nissan redirects here. ... Nissan Diesel Motor Co. ... For other uses, see Suzuki (disambiguation). ... KIA or Kia may mean: Killed in action Kirby Ian Andersen Kings Indian Attack, a chess opening Kuwait Investment Authority Kachin Independence Army, in Kachin State, Myanmar Kia Motors Kia Asamiya, a popular Japanese manga artist. ... For information on Mitsubishi brand computer monitors, see NEC-Mitsubishi Electronics Display of America Inc. ... South Korean business tycoon Chung Ju-yung, founder and honorary chairman of Hyundai Group, 1998 Hyundai refers to a group of companies founded by Chung Ju-yung in South Korea, and related organizations. ... This article is about the chaebol Daewoo Group. ... This article is about a truck manufacturer. ... Renault S.A. is a French vehicle manufacturer producing cars, vans, buses, tractors, and trucks. ... This article is about the English county town. ... FAW can refer to: Football Association of Wales First Automobile Works This page disambiguates a three-character combination which might be any or all of an abbreviation, an acronym, an initialism, a word in English, or a word in another language. ... Geely Automobile (吉利汽车) was the first independent automobile manufacturer in the Peoples Republic of China, beginning in 1998, having acquired a minivan makers licence. ... For other uses, see Proton (disambiguation). ... The Chery Automotive Group is one of the fastest growing car companies in China. ... Adam Motor Company (Adam Motor Co. ...


There are many development projects proposed, approved and under construction in Karachi city. Among projects of note, Emaar Properties is proposing to invest $43bn (£22.8bn) in Karachi to develop Bundal Island, which is a 12,000 acre (49 km²) island just off the coast of Karachi.[31] The Karachi Port Trust is planning a Rs. 20 billion, 1,947 feet (593 m) high Port Tower Complex on the Clifton shoreline.[32][33] It will comprise a hotel, a shopping centre, an exhibition centre and a revolving restaurant with a viewing gallery offering a panoramic view of the coastline and the city. Emaar Properties (Arabic: إعمار), the Dubai-based Public Joint Stock Company and one of the world’s largest real estate companies, is listed on the Dubai Financial Market and is part of the Dow Jones Arabia Titans Index. ... Bundal Island (Urdu: جزیرہ بندل ) is a small island located in the Arabian Sea off the coast of Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... Karachi Port Trust (KPT) is a Pakistan federal government agency that oversees the operations of Karachi Port at Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... The Port Tower planned for Karachi, the financial capital of Pakistan, with collaboration from investors from abroad, the Karachi Port Trust is taking on a Rs. ... Prima Tower (Singapore) dining area showing an example of a revolving restaurant. ...


Other projects include: MCB Tower (completed), Crescent Bay, Karachi (under construction), Karachi Waterfront (under construction), Karachi Creek Marina (under construction), Sugarland City (approved), Dolmen Towers (completed), I.T. Tower (under construction), Buddo Island (approved), Square One Towers (under construction), Sign Tower (under construction), Karachi Mass Transit System, Enshaa Towers (approved), Karachi FPCCI Tower (proposed), City Centre (proposed), Malir Expressway (proposed), Northern Bypass Industrial Area (under construction). MCB Tower at I.I.Chundrigar Road skyline, heart of the financial district of Karachi MCB Tower or Muslim Commercial Bank Tower is Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... Emaars Crescent Bay in Pakistan Crescent Bay is a 75-acre development featuring high and mid-rise towers for residential and commercial use, a shopping centre and five-star beachfront hotel in Karachi, Pakistan. ... Creek Marina located in DHA Karachi, will take three years to complete. ... Dolmen Towers are two 60 storey skyscrapers under construction in Karachi, Pakistan for residential and commercial use. ... Buddo Island (Urdu: جزیرہ بدو ) is a small islands located in the Arabian Sea off the coast of Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... CPG Consultants and Enshaa – NLC Developers Pte Ltd (Enshaa - NLC) have inked a contract, for the former to provide master planning and architectural design, as well as engineering, quantity surveying and interior design consultancy services, for a major mixed development project on Chundrigar Road, Karachi. ... The Central Business District of Sydney, Australia. ...


Culture

Main article: Culture of Karachi
The Mohatta Palace
The Mohatta Palace
Karachi beach
Karachi beach

Karachi is home to some of Pakistan's important cultural institutions. The National Academy of Performing Arts,[34] located in the newly renovated Hindu Gymkhana offers a two year diploma course in performing arts that include classical music and contemporary theatre. The All Pakistan Music Conference, linked to the 45-year old similar institution in Lahore, has been holding its Annual Music Festival since its inception in 2004. The Festival is now a well-established feature of the city life of Karachi that is awaited anxiously and attended by more than 3000 citizens of Karachi as well as people from other cities.[35] ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 586 KB) Summary Description: A picture of the Mohatta Palace Museum in Karachi, Pakistan Author/Source: took and edited this picture myself. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 586 KB) Summary Description: A picture of the Mohatta Palace Museum in Karachi, Pakistan Author/Source: took and edited this picture myself. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x760, 311 KB) Not copyrighted. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x760, 311 KB) Not copyrighted. ... National Academy of Performing Arts (NAPA) is located in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... Hindu Gymkhana NAPA The National Academy of Performing Arts (NAPA) is located in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ...


The National Arts Council (Koocha-e-Saqafat) also has musical performances and Mushaira (poetry recitations). Organizations by country Australia Council National Culture Fund of Bulgaria Canada Council Cayman National Cultural Foundation Arts Council of Finland Arts Council England Regional Arts Board England Arts Council of Great Britain Arts Council of Ireland Creative New Zealand National Commission for Culture and the Arts of the Philippines Scottish... Mushaira is a term in Urdu used to describe an event (called mehfil) where poets gather to speak thier poetical work. ...


The Kara Film Festival organized annually showcases independent Pakistani and international films and documentaries. The Kara Film Festival is the only internationally recognized film festival of Pakistan, to represent Lollywood annually held in Karachi. ...


Karachi has a few museums including the Mohatta Palace Museum that regularly has exhibitions as well as the National Museum of Pakistan. Mohatta Palace Mohatta Palace is located in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... National Museum of Pakistan at Karachi was established in Frere Hall Building on 17th April 1950 replacing the defunct Victoria Museum. ...


The everyday lifestyle of Karachi differs substantially from that of other Pakistani towns. The culture of Karachi is characterized by the blending of Middle Eastern, Central Asian, South Asian and Western influences, as well as the status of the city as a major international business centre. As a whole, there is considerable diversity in culture, and this diversity has produced unique cultural amalgam of its own type. Karachi also hosts the largest middle class stratum of the country. For other uses, see Culture (disambiguation). ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a region of Asia from the Caspian Sea in the west to central China in the east, and from southern Russia in the north to... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... Occident redirects here. ... The middle class (or middle classes) comprises a social group once defined by exception as an intermediate social class between the nobility and the peasantry. ...


Education

The Narayan Jagannath High School at Karachi was the first government school established in Sindh. It was opened in October 1855. Karachi has well known educational institutes of international standards. Most universities of Karachi are considered to be amongst the premier educational institutions of Pakistan. For 2004-05, the city's literacy rate was estimated at 65.26%, Highest in Pakistan with a GER of 111%[36]. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 177 KB) Summary FAST - Main Campus Source: http://khi. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 177 KB) Summary FAST - Main Campus Source: http://khi. ... National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences (NUCES or NU) is a University in Pakistan with headquarters at Islamabad and campuses at Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad and Peshawar. ... This is a list of Schools in Karachi. ... // Pakistan Shipowners College, North Nazimabad. ... Pakistan has a large number of universities supported by the Government of Pakistan and the Provincial Governments. ... The Narayan Jagannath High School at Karachi was the first government school established in Sindh. ... The gross enrolment ratio (GER) or gross enrolment index (GEI) is a statistical measure used in the education sector. ...


The University of Karachi, simply referred as KU, is the largest university in Pakistan having one of the largest faculities in the world. Coincidentally it is located beside the NED University, the oldest engineering institute of Pakistan. Karachi is also host to the Institute of Business Administration (IBA), founded in 1955 and the oldest business school outside North America. Alumni of IBA include former Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz. Other notable universities include Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology, National University of Science and Technology, Hamdard University, Bahria University, Iqra University, Preston University, Federal Urdu University, National University of Modern Languages, Institute of Industrial Electronics Engineering, Foundation for Advancement of Science and Technology (FAST), Dawood College of Engineering and Technology, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology (Szabist), Institute of Business and Technology (BIZTEK),NED Univeristy Of Engineering and Technolgy Pakistan Air Force Institute of Economics and Technology (PAF-KIET), college of Business Management, Virtual University of Karachi (introduced by the Science and Technology Ministry), Mohammad Ali Jinnah University, Agha Khan Medical University, Dow University of Medical Sciences, Sindh Medical College, Karachi Medical and Dental College, Jinnah Post-Graduate Medical College, Dr. Ziauddin Medical University, Baqai Medical University, Sir Syed Medical College, Sindh Insitute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT), Preston insitute of Management Sciences & Technology (PIMSAT), Tabba Institute of Heart Disease, Liaqat National Medical College. Markaz-e-Umeed (the Hope Center) for special children is also working for betterment of Special Children since 1971. The University of Karachi, located in Karachi is Pakistans largest public university. ... NED University of Engineering and Technology in Karachi, Pakistan. ... Institute of Business Administration (IBA) was established at Karachi, Pakistan in 1955 as a USAID financed project. ... Shaukat Aziz at the White House with US president George W. Bush. ... Sir Syed University of Engineering & Technology, commonly known as SSUET, is a private sector engineering university located in Karachi, Pakistan. ... The National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST) is a public university located at several campuses in Pakistan. ... Hamdard University is located in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... Bahria University (Urdu: بحریہ یونیورسٹی) is a multi-campus university, with its headquarter in Islamabad, Pakistan. ... Iqra University is a higher education university located at Korangi Karachi, Pakistan. ... Preston University, based in Kohat, NWFP, Pakistan, was established as a School of Business and Commerce in 1984. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... National University of Modern Languages is located at Islamabad, Pakistan. ... FAST The Foundation for Advancement of Science and Technology (FAST) was established in 1980, as a private national institution. ... Dawood College of Engineering and Technology is located in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology or SZABIST as it is commonly referred to is a Pakistani university, with headquarters at Karachi and campuses at Islamabad, Karachi, Larkana and Dubai. ... The College of Business Management (CBM) is the Business School of the Institute of Business Management (IoBM), a premiere university in Karachi, Pakistan. ... Mohammad Ali Jinnah University (MAJU) is a private university located in Pakistan. ... The Aga Khan University (AKU) was granted its charter in 1983 as Pakistans first private, autonomous university. ... Sindh Medical College is a medical college in the Pakistani city of Karachi. ...


Sports

Karachi Gymkhana Ground, overlooking downtown Karachi
Karachi Gymkhana Ground, overlooking downtown Karachi

Cricket is the most popular sport of the city, and is usually played in many small grounds around the city. Gully cricket, is played in the narrow by-lanes of the city. Night time cricket can be seen at weekends when people play brightly lit night matches on less traversed city streets. The major venue for cricket matches is the National Stadium but matches are also hosted at the UBL Sports Complex, The A.O. Cricket Stadium, the KCCA Cricket Ground, the Karachi Gymkhana Field and the DHA Cricket Stadium. This is a list of sports venues in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... This article is about the sport. ... Example of Beach cricket Backyard cricket, beach cricket or garden cricket is an informal ad hoc variant of the game of cricket, played by people of both sexes and all ages in gardens, back yards, on the street, in parks, carparks, beaches and any area not specifically intended for the... National Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Karachi, Pakistan. ...


A popular local game is Malh (Sindhi: ملهه). All Sindh Malh ُOrganization hosts All Sindh Malakhirro every year in Karachi.[citation needed]


Other popular sports in the city are hockey, boxing, association football, golf, table tennis, snooker, squash, and horse racing. Sports like badminton, volleyball and basketball are also popular in schools and colleges. Hockey is any of a family of sports in which two teams compete by trying to maneuver a ball, or a hard, round disc called a puck, into the opponents net or goal, using a hockey stick. ... For other meanings of these words, see boxing (disambiguation) or boxer. ... Soccer redirects here. ... This article is about the game. ... Ping Pong redirects here. ... Snooker is a cue sport that is played on a large baize-covered table with pockets in each of the four corners and in the middle of each of the long side cushions. ... Squash racquet and ball Players in a glass-backed squash court International Squash Singles Court, as specified by the World Squash Federation Squash is an indoor racquet sport that was formerly called Squash racquets, a reference to the squashable soft ball used in the game (compared with the harder ball... Horse-racing is an equestrian sporting activity which has been practiced over the centuries; the chariot races of Roman times were an early example, as was the contest of the steeds of the god Odin and the giant Hrungnir in Norse mythology. ... This article is about the sport. ... For the ball used in this sport, see Volleyball (ball). ... This article is about the sport. ...


Football is especially popular in Lyari Town which has always been a football-mad locality in Karachi. The Peoples Football Stadium is perhaps the largest football stadium in Pakistan with respect to capacity, easily accommodating around 40,000 people. In 2005, the city hosted the SAFF Cup Football Tournament at this ground, as well as the Geo Super Football League 2007 which attracted capacity crowds during the games. Lyari Town is the smallest town by area in the city of Karachi, but also the most densely populated town. ... The Peoples Football Stadium, is located in Lyari Town, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... The South Asian Football Federation Cup also called the South Asian Football Federation Gold Cup (In 1993 called the South Asian Association of Regional Co-operation Gold Cup and in 1995 called the South Asian Gold Cup 95) is a football competition of mainly South Asian countries and territories. ... The 2007 Geo Super Football League of Pakistan was the 1st season of the countrys new inter-city football competition in collaboration between the Pakistan Football Federation and GEO Super that lasts from July 20, 2007 to September 9, 2007. ...


The city also has facilities for hockey (the Hockey Stadium of Pakistan, UBL Hockey Ground), boxing (KPT Sports Complex), squash (Jehangir Khan Squash Complex) and polo. Marinas and Boating Clubs also add to the diverse sporting activities in Karachi. Jahangir Khan Jahangir Khan (born December 10, 1963) is a former World No. ...


Karachi has a number of sporting clubs such as the Karachi Gymkhana, the Sindh Club, the Karachi Club, Kashmir club, Aga Khan sports club, the Muslim Gymkhana, the Creek Club and the DHA Club that provide sporting facilities to their members, including tennis, badminton and squash courts, swimming pools, jogging tracks, gymnasiums, billiards and much more. There are two world class golf clubs, at DHA and Karsaz.[citation needed] This article is about the game. ...


Transport

Main article: Transport in Karachi

The Jinnah International Airport is located in Karachi. It is the largest and busiest airport of the country. It handles 10 million passengers a year. The airport also receives the largest number of foreign airlines, a total of 27 airlines fly to Jinnah International predominantly from the Middle East and southeast Asia. All of Pakistan's airlines use Karachi as their primary hub including PIA - Pakistan International Airlines, Airblue, and Shaheen Air. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1860x1152, 305 KB) Summary Author/Source: Picture taken and modified by myself Description: The Jinnah Terminal of the Karachi International Airport, Karachi, Pakistan Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1860x1152, 305 KB) Summary Author/Source: Picture taken and modified by myself Description: The Jinnah Terminal of the Karachi International Airport, Karachi, Pakistan Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to... KHI redirects here. ... KHI redirects here. ... Pakistan International Airlines Corporation, more commonly known as Pakistan International Airlines or PIA (Urdu: پی آئی اے or پاکستان انٹرنیشنل ایرلاینز), is the flag carrier airline of Pakistan, based in Karachi. ... Airblue is a private airline based in Karachi, Pakistan. ... Shaheen Air International is an airline based in Pakistan. ...


The city's old airport terminals are now used for Hajj flights, commercial offices, cargo facilities, and ceremonial visits from heads of state. US Coalition forces used the old terminals for their logistic supply operations as well. The city also has two other airstrips used primarily by the armed forces. A supplicating pilgrim at Masjid Al Haram, the mosque which was built around the Kaaba (the cubical building at center). ...


The largest shipping ports in Pakistan are the Port of Karachi and the nearby Port Qasim. These seaports have modern facilities and not only handle trade for Pakistan, but also serve as ports for Afghanistan and the land-locked Central Asian countries. Plans have been announced for new passenger facilities at the Port of Karachi.[37] The logo of the Karachi Port Trust. ... Port Muhammad Bin Qasim is a port in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan located at , (24. ...


Karachi is linked by rail to the rest of the country by Pakistan Railways. The Karachi City Station and Karachi Cantonment Station are the city's two major railway stations. The railway system handles a large amount of freight to and from the Karachi port apart from providing passenger services to people travelling up country. Plans are underway to extend the intra-city railway system to play a part in the city's mass transit through Karachi Circular Railway system. Currently, primarily motorists and minibuses handle commuter traffic, but there are plans to construct a light-rail based mass transit system in the city to decongest the roads and provide quick service to commuters. Feasibility studies have been carried out and a provisional network has been agreed on. The unofficial working title for the proposed mass transit system is "Duz" (Urdu دوز), a contraction of the Urdu for "Underground Railway" (Urdu زمین دوز گاری). Pakistan Railways is the state-owned railway company of Pakistan. ... Karachi Circular Railway route map (Click for enlarged image) Karachi Circular Railway (KCR) is a Mass Transport System (MRTS) proposed for the city of Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ...


Challenges of rapid expansion

As one of the most rapidly growing cities in the world, Karachi faces challenges that are central to many developing metropolises including overcrowding, traffic, pollution, poverty and street crimes. These problems continue to earn Karachi low rankings in livability comparisons: The Economist ranked Karachi fourth least livable city amongst the 132 cities surveyed[38] and Business Week ranked it 175 out of 215 in livability(2007), down from 170 in 2006.[39] The Economist is an English-language weekly news and international affairs publication owned by The Economist Newspaper Ltd and edited in London. ... BusinessWeek is a business magazine published by McGraw-Hill. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The traffic and pollution is a major challenge for Karachi as it is for almost all the major cities in the world. The level of air pollution in Karachi is estimated to be 20 times higher than World Health Organization standards.[40] A number of new parks have been developed and new trees are being planted in the city to improve the environment and reduce the pollution. WHO redirects here. ...


Criminal negligence plagues the rapidly expanding infrastructure. There were floods reported in the city during the monsoon of 2007. The Northern Bypass bridge collapsed on 1st September 2007 after being inaugurated only one month back by President Pervez Musharraf. Pervez Musharraf (Urdu: ) (born 11 August 1943, Delhi) is the current President of Pakistan, Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army. ...


Karachi in Popular Culture of Sindh

Karachi has been sung in many Sindhi songs, notably the folk songs sung in Sindhi marriages, called Sehra (سهرا) and Ladda (لاڏا) such as: In the Indian Muslim Traditions, especially in Gangatic plains and Hyderabad (Deccan), there is a social ritual where the sisters of the groom sing a song in praise of the groom and pray to God for his future wedded life. ...


آيلڙي مون ته سُئي وڃائي ڪراچيءَ جي شهر مان مون سُئي گھُرائي


sung by Zarina Baloch and This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


ڪراچيءَ جي شهر مان منڊيون جوڙايم سونا گل ڪراچيءَ جي موٽر ڀرجي آيا


In addition, Karachi is also known for the legend of Morirro Mirbahar, whose bravery has been praised and sung by Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai in his poetry. The Sindhi movie Ghatoo Ghar na Ayaa (Sindhi گھاتُو گھر نه آيا) is based on this legend. Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai (1689-1752)(Sindhi:شاھ عبدالطيف ڀٽائيِ), was a great Sufi scholar and saint, and is considered as the greatest poet of the Sindhi language. ...


Karachi jaa ddeeha' aee' raatioo' (In Sindhi ڪراچيءَ جا ڏينهن ۽ راتيون), Days and Nights of Karachi is a novel written by Muhammad Bakhsh Johar.


Sister Cities

Karachi currently has eight sister cities:

Image File history File links Flag_of_Mauritius. ... The arms of Port Louis Port Louis banking district, and the main avenue leading to the Government House (seen in the background) Port Louis (pronounced locally as paw-louee) is the capital of Mauritius. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... , Nickname: Location of Jeddah Coordinates: , Country Province Established 500+ BC Joint Saudi Arabia 1925 Government  - Mayor Adil Faqeeh  - City Governor Mishal Al-Saud  - Provincial Governor Khalid al Faisal Area  - Urban 1,320 km² (509. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Uzbekistan. ... Tashkent (Uzbek: , Russian: ) is the capital of Uzbekistan and also of the Tashkent Province. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Location of Istanbul on the Bosphorus Strait, Turkey Coordinates: , Country Turkey Region Province Istanbul Founded 667 BC as Byzantium Roman/Byzantine period AD 330 as Nova Roma (original name given in 330 and used during Constantines reign) and later Constantinople (following Constantines death in 337) Ottoman period 1453... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Shows the Location of the Province Ä°zmir Izmir from space, June 1996 Izmir (Turkish spelling Ä°zmir, contraction of its former name Smyrna), the second-largest port (after Ä°stanbul) and the third most populous city (2,409,000 in 2000) of Turkey, is located on the Aegean Sea near the Gulf... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Houston redirects here. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the capital of France. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

There are total 182 graveyards in Karachi. ... The following is a list of major hospitals in Karachi, organized by subnational entities. ... This is a list of notable libraries in Karachi. ... Karachi has not a film industry. ... The following is a list of parks and gardens in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... The following is the list of Postal Codes in Karachi. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

References

  1. ^ "Government". City District Government of Karachi. Retrieved on 2007-11-28.
  2. ^ "About Karachi". City District Government of Karachi. Retrieved on 2007-11-28.
  3. ^ a b Stefan Helders, World-Gazetteer.com. "Karachi". Retrieved on 2008-01-07.
  4. ^ UN world Urbanization Prospects estimate for 2007
  5. ^ R Asif (2002) Lyari Expressway: woes of displaced families. Dawn (newspaper). 8 August. Retrieved on 10 January, 2008
  6. ^ Mirat ul Memalik
  7. ^ History of Karachi
  8. ^ Christina P Harris (1969) The Persian Gulf Submarine Telegraph of 1864. The Geographical Journal. vol. 135(2). June. pp. 169-190
  9. ^ "Karachi". Meteorological Department of Pakistan. Retrieved on 2008-02-08.
  10. ^ a b "City Towns (all Towns and Union Councils". City District Government of Karachi. Retrieved on 2008-01-07.
  11. ^ Dawn Group of Newspapers. ""Mustafa Kamal announces city reinforcement projects"". Retrieved on 2006-10-10.
  12. ^ Note: The 1998 census showed a population of about 9 million and the City Government estimates "more than 10 million inhabitants". Reasons for the discrepancy include workers living in Karachi but registered as living elsewhere in Pakistan by the National Database and Registration Authority; and Afghan refugees, Iranian's and others (Indian's, Nepali's, Burmese, Bangladeshi's etc..) were not counted in the 1998 census.
  13. ^ ""Karachi turning into a ghetto"". Dawn Group of Newspapers (2006-01-16). Retrieved on 2006-04-20.
  14. ^ UN Refugee Agency Case Study: Afghans in Pakistan Retrieved on January 1, 2008
  15. ^ Karachi Demographics Findpk.com
  16. ^ Religion in Pakistan Asianinfo.org
  17. ^ Religion in Karachi findpk.com
  18. ^ Pakistan and Gulf Economist. "Karachi: Step-motherly treatment". Retrieved on 2007-10-15.
  19. ^ Dawn Group of Newspapers. "World Bank report: Karachi termed most business-friendly". Retrieved on 2007-10-15.
  20. ^ Business Week magazine (April 22, 2005) Pakistan: After the Crash Retrieved on January 1, 2008
  21. ^ Planning Commission, The Second Five Year Plan: 1960-65, Karachi: Govt. Printing Press, 1960, p. 393
  22. ^ Planning Commission, Pakistan Economic Survey, 1964-65, Rawalpindi: Govt. Printing Press, 1965, p. 212.
  23. ^ Board of Investment, Pakistan IT Sector Overview Retrieved on January 1, 2008
  24. ^ United Nations INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY POLICY OF PAKISTAN –PROVIDING AN ENABLING ENVIRONMENT FOR IT DEVELOPMENT. Retrieved on January 1, 2008
  25. ^ "Welcome to KTN TV". KTN. Retrieved on 2008-02-20.
  26. ^ "Sindh TV". Sindh TV. Retrieved on 2008-02-20.
  27. ^ Federation of Pakistan Chambers of Commerce & Industry Industrial Zones In PakistanRetrieved on January 1, 2008
  28. ^ Trade Development Authority of Pakistan Karachi Expo Center Retrieved on January 1, 2007
  29. ^ The Nation newspaper Rs 100b investment in automobile industry Retrieved on January 1, 2008
  30. ^ Mindbranch Pakistan Automotives Report Q1 2007 Retrieved on January 1, 2008
  31. ^ BBC News Pakistan agrees $43bn development Retrieved on January 1, Al-Nakheel (Dubai Based Company) has prepared masterplan for devloping hawks bay with cost of '$68bn', Limiless (Dubai Based Company) will also invest in Karachi Waterfront Project they will invest $20bn for developing 2000acre land of 20000 acre, 2008
  32. ^ Karachi Port Trust. ""K.P.T. Projects"". Retrieved on 2006-04-17.
  33. ^ Dawn Group of Newspapers. ""KPT to build Rs20bn tower complex"". Retrieved on 2006-04-20.
  34. ^ National Academy of Performing Arts. ""Welcome to National Academy of Performing Arts"". Retrieved on 2006-04-17.
  35. ^ The All Pakistan Music Conference History of festival Retrieved on January 1, 2008
  36. ^ http://www.statpak.gov.pk/depts/fbs/aboutus/list_offices.html Federal Bureau of Statistics]
  37. ^ "Projects". Karachi Port Trust. Retrieved on 2007-11-19.
  38. ^ The Economist. ""Where grass is Greener"". Retrieved on 2007-08-22.
  39. ^ Business Week, Karachi Livable Cities Guide, Accessed 2008
  40. ^ Energy Information Administration, U.S. Government. "Pakistan: Environmental Issues". Retrieved on 2007-10-15. (Page from Internet Archive)
  41. ^ "Karachi: Sister-city accord with Port Louis". Dawn Group of Newspapers (2007-05-01). Retrieved on 2007-12-31.
  42. ^ "Karachi and Houston declared sister cities". Pakistan Daily, daily.pk. Retrieved on 2008-06-10.
  43. ^ "Karachi News, Pakistan Observer Newspaper online edition". pakobserver.net. Retrieved on 2008-06-17.
  44. ^ "Many US investors soon to visit Karachi". topix.com. Retrieved on 2008-06-17.

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Dawn is Pakistans oldest and most widely-read English-language newspaper. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA) is responsible for issuing identification cards to the citizens of Pakistan. ... The Muhajir or Mohajir Afghans are the Afghan refugees that fled Afghanistan after the Soviet invasion in 1979. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... February 20 is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... February 20 is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 107th day of the year (108th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 107th day of the year (108th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

External links

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Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Karachi.
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This is a list of contiguous urban areas of the world ordered according to population as of 2008. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... For the town of Yokohama in Aomori Prefecture, see Yokohama, Aomori. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ... This article is about the city. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... This article is about the city. ... For the capital city of the Philippines, see Manila. ... For other uses, see Osaka (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Japanese city. ... For other uses, see Kyoto (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Cairo (disambiguation). ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Peking redirects here. ... For other uses, see Shenzhen (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... Location of Istanbul on the Bosphorus Strait, Turkey Coordinates: , Country Turkey Region Province Istanbul Founded 667 BC as Byzantium Roman/Byzantine period AD 330 as Nova Roma (original name given in 330 and used during Constantines reign) and later Constantinople (following Constantines death in 337) Ottoman period 1453... This article is about the capital of France. ... For other uses, see Lagos (disambiguation). ... Nagoya ) is the fourth largest city in Japan. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Location Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... Saigon redirects here. ... Nickname: Map of the Dem. ... For other uses, see Lima (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Dhaka (previously Dacca; Bengali: Ḍhākā; IPA: ) is the capital of Bangladesh and the principal city of Dhaka District. ... Bogota redirects here. ... Ruhr Area within Germany Map of the Ruhr Area The Ruhr Area, also called simply Ruhr, (German Ruhrgebiet, colloquial Ruhrpott or Kohlenpott) is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, consisting of a number of large formerly industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr to the south, Rhine to... Essen is a city in the center of the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Düsseldorf (IPA: ) is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Madras redirects here. ... CITIC Plaza Guangzhou (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; jyutping : Gwong²zau¹) is the capital and a sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city. ... This article is about the city in South Africa. ... A map of Gauteng, showing the East Rand. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... Dongguan (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in central Guangdong province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: , Country Province Incorporated June 9, 1846[1] Government  - Mayor Fred Eisenberger  - City Council Hamilton City Council  - MPs List of MPs Dean Allison Chris Charlton David Christopherson Wayne Marston David Sweet  - MPPs List of MPPs Sophia Aggelonitis Andrea... Motto: Location of Santiago commune in Greater Santiago Location of Santiago commune in Greater Santiago Coordinates: , Region Province Foundation February 12, 1541 Government  - Mayor Raúl Alcaíno Lihn Area 1  - City 22. ... Miami redirects here. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... For other uses, see San José. Nickname: Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California Location of San Jose with the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Clara Pueblo founded November 29, 1777 Incorporated March 27, 1850 Government  - Type charter city, mayor-council  - Mayor Chuck Reed  - Vice... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland...

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ShaikhSiddiqui Karachi (1142 words)
The city of Karachi is located at latitude 24° 48´ N and longitude 66° 59´ E. The city occupies an area of over 4,000 km²; and is expanding.
Karachi is mostly made up of flat or rolling plains with hills on the western and northern boundaries of the urban sprawl.
In 1961, the capital was shifted from Karachi to the new city of Islamabad, and Karachi fell a victim of mismanagement and bad governance.
Karachi - definition of Karachi in Encyclopedia (2762 words)
Karachi (کراچي) is the largest city of Pakistan and the capital of the province of Sindh.
Karachi is located at latitude 24° 48´ N and longitude 66° 59´ E. The urban sprawl starts from the westernmost mouth of the River Indus and goes up to the mountains and hills that form the southernmost edges of the Kirthar Mountain Range.
Karachi is especially notorious for its ethnic strife due to the multi ethnic fabric of the city.
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