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Encyclopedia > Kantaro Suzuki
Baron Kantaro Suzuki
January 18, 1868April 17, 1948

Japanese Admiral Suzuki Kantaro
Place of birth Izumi Province, Japan
Place of death Noda, Chiba Prefecture, Japan
Allegiance Empire of Japan
Years of service 1884–1929
Rank Admiral
Commands Imperial Japanese Navy
Battles/wars First Sino-Japanese War
Russo-Japanese War
World War I
World War II
Awards Order of the Golden Kite (3rd class)
Other work Grand Chamberlain, Privy Councillor
Prime Minister of Japan

Admiral Baron Kantaro Suzuki (Japanese: 鈴木 貫太郎 (Suzuki Kantarō? 18 January 1868 - 17 April 1948) was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy and 42nd Prime Minister of Japan from 7 April 1945 to 17 August 1945. is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 107th day of the year (108th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Izumi (和泉国; -no kuni) or Senshu (泉州 senshÅ«) was a province of Japan, which today composes the south-western part of Osaka Prefecture (not including the city of Osaka itself). ... Noda (Japanese: 野田市; -shi) is a city located in Chiba, Japan. ... Chiba Prefecture ) is located in the Greater Tokyo Area of Honshu Island, Japan. ... Anthem Kimi ga Yo Imperial Reign Slogan: Fukoku Kyohei Enrich the Country, Strengthen the Military (a. ... For other uses, see Admiral (disambiguation). ... The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) (: 大日本帝國海軍 Shinjitai: 大日本帝国海軍   or 日本海軍 Nippon Kaigun), officially Navy of Empire of Greater Japan, also known as the Japanese Navy or Combined Fleet was the Navy of Empire of Japan from 1869 until 1947, when it was dissolved following Japans constitutional renunciation of the use of force... Combatants Qing Empire (China) Empire of Japan Commanders Li Hongzhang Yamagata Aritomo Strength 630,000 men Beiyang Army Beiyang Fleet 240,000 men Imperial Japanese Army Imperial Japanese Navy Casualties 35,000 dead or wounded 13,823 dead, 3,973 wounded The First Sino-Japanese War (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese... Combatants Russian Empire Montenegro[1] Empire of Japan Commanders Emperor Nicholas II Aleksey Kuropatkin Stepan Makarov â€  Emperor Meiji Oyama Iwao Heihachiro Togo The Russo–Japanese War (Japanese: Nichi-Ro Sensō, Russian: , Chinese: , February 10, 1904 – September 5, 1905) was a conflict that grew out of the rival imperialist ambitions of... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Order of the Golden Kite ) was a Japanese Order (decoration), established on 12 February 1889 by Emperor Meiji. ... now. ... This article concerns the British Sovereigns Privy Council. ... The Prime Minister of Japan (内閣総理大臣 Naikaku sōri daijin) is the usual English-language term used for the head of government of Japan, although the literal translation of the Japanese name for the office is Prime Minister of the Cabinet. ... is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 107th day of the year (108th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) (: 大日本帝國海軍 Shinjitai: 大日本帝国海軍   or 日本海軍 Nippon Kaigun), officially Navy of Empire of Greater Japan, also known as the Japanese Navy or Combined Fleet was the Navy of Empire of Japan from 1869 until 1947, when it was dissolved following Japans constitutional renunciation of the use of force... The Prime Minister of Japan (内閣総理大臣 Naikaku sōri daijin) is the usual English-language term used for the head of government of Japan, although the literal translation of the Japanese name for the office is Prime Minister of the Cabinet. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ...


Suzuki was a key voice in favor of Japan's acceptance of the Potsdam Declaration and full surrender to the Allied Powers, thus ending World War II. The Potsdam Declaration or the Proclamation Defining Terms for Japanese Surrender (not to be confused with the Potsdam Agreement) was a statement issued on July 26, 1945 by Harry S. Truman, Winston Churchill, and Chiang Kai-Shek which outlined the terms of surrender for Japan as agreed upon at the... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Political and military life

Suzuki was born in Kuze village, Izumi Province (modern Sakai, Osaka Prefecture to a samurai magistrate of the Sekiyado clan. He grew up in the city of Noda, Kazusa Province (present day Chiba Prefecture). He entered the Imperial Japanese Naval Academy in 1884, graduating from the 14th class in 1888. He was immediately shipped off to serve in the First Sino-Japanese War. He commanded a torpedo boat and participated in night torpedo assault in the Battle of Weihaiwei. In 1898, he was assigned to the warship Kasuga. Izumi (和泉国; -no kuni) or Senshu (泉州 senshÅ«) was a province of Japan, which today composes the south-western part of Osaka Prefecture (not including the city of Osaka itself). ... Sakai (堺市; -shi) is a city located in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. ... Osaka Prefecture (大阪府 ÅŒsaka-fu) is part of the Kinki region on Honshu island, Japan. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Noda (Japanese: 野田市; -shi) is a city located in Chiba, Japan. ... Kazusa (上総国; -no kuni) was an old province in the area of the Boso Peninsula of Honshu that is today the central part of Chiba prefecture. ... Chiba Prefecture ) is located in the Greater Tokyo Area of Honshu Island, Japan. ... The Imperial Japanese Naval Academy ) was a school established to train officers for the Imperial Japanese Navy. ... Year 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Combatants Qing Empire (China) Empire of Japan Commanders Li Hongzhang Yamagata Aritomo Strength 630,000 men Beiyang Army Beiyang Fleet 240,000 men Imperial Japanese Army Imperial Japanese Navy Casualties 35,000 dead or wounded 13,823 dead, 3,973 wounded The First Sino-Japanese War (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese... A torpedo boat is a relatively small and fast naval ship designed to launch torpedoes at larger surface ships. ... Combatants Japan China Commanders Marshal Oyama Iwao, Admiral Ito Sukeyuki General Li Hongzhang, Admiral Ding Ruchang† Casualties 29 (killed), 233 (wounded) 4,000 (killed) ukiyoe by Mizuno Toskikata depicting Admiral Ding Ruchang surrendering to Admiral Ito at the Battle of Weihaiwei The Battle of Weihaiwei was a 23 day siege... The Japanese warship Kasuga (JPN: 春日) was built in 1862 (or possibly 1863) in Great Britain under the name Kiangsu (after the area of Jiangsu in China). ...


During the Russo-Japanese War, he commanded 4th Destroyer Division, which picked up survivors of the Port Arthur Blockade Squadron and was appointed executive officer of the cruiser Kasuga on 26 February 1904, aboard which he participated in the pivotal naval Battle of Tsushima. Combatants Russian Empire Montenegro[1] Empire of Japan Commanders Emperor Nicholas II Aleksey Kuropatkin Stepan Makarov â€  Emperor Meiji Oyama Iwao Heihachiro Togo The Russo–Japanese War (Japanese: Nichi-Ro Sensō, Russian: , Chinese: , February 10, 1904 – September 5, 1905) was a conflict that grew out of the rival imperialist ambitions of... Location within China Lüshun city or Lüshunkou or (literally) Lüshun Port (Simplified Chinese: 旅顺口; Traditional Chinese: 旅順口; Pinyin: , formerly in historic references both Port Arthur and Ryojun, is a town in the southernmost administrative district of Dalian of the Peoples Republic of China. ... While Executive officer literally refers to a person responsible for the performance of duties involved in running an organization, the exact meaning of the role is highly variable, depending on the organization. ... IJN Kasuga (春日) was the lead ship of Kasuga-class armored cruisers of the Imperial Japanese Navy, designed and built by Ansaldo in Italy, where the type was known as the Garibaldi-class. ... is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants Empire of Japan Russian Empire Commanders Heihachiro Togo Zinovi Rozhdestvenski # Nikolai Nebogatov Strength 4 battleships 27 cruisers destroyers and auxiliary vessels 8 battleships 3 coastal battleships 8 cruisers Casualties 117 dead 583 injured 3 torpedo boats sunk 4,380 dead 5,917 captured 21 ships sunk 7 captured 6...


After the war, he commanded the destroyer Akashi (1908), followed by the cruiser Soya (1909), battleship Shikishima (1911) and cruiser Tsukuba (1912). Promoted to rear admiral on 23 May 1913 and assigned to the Maizuru Naval District, he became Vice Minister of the Navy during World War I. USS McFaul underway in the Atlantic Ocean. ... Akashi (明石市; -shi) is a city located in southern Hyogo, Japan, on the Inland Sea west of Kobe. ... USS Port Royal (CG-73), a Ticonderoga-class guided missile cruiser (really an uprated guided missile destroyer), launched in 1992. ... The IJN Soya ) was a protected cruiser in the Imperial Japanese Navy, acquired as a prize of war during the Russo-Japanese War from the Imperial Russian Navy, where it was originally known as the Varyag. ... The firepower of a battleship demonstrated by USS Iowa A battleship is a large, heavily-armored warship with a main battery consisting of the largest caliber of guns. ... Shikishima (敷島) was the lead ship in the Shikishima-class of pre-dreadnought battleships in the Imperial Japanese Navy, and one of the six battleships (Fuji, Yashima, Hatsuse, Shikishima, Asahi, and Mikasa) that formed the main Japanese battle line in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905. ... USS Port Royal (CG-73), a Ticonderoga-class guided missile cruiser (really an uprated guided missile destroyer), launched in 1992. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Maizuru (舞鶴市; -shi) is a city located in Kyoto, Japan, on an inlet of the Sea of Japan. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ...


Promoted to vice admiral in 1917, then in early 1918 Vice Admiral Kantaro Suzuki brought his two Japanese cruisers Asama and Iwate to San Francisco with 1000 cadets in training for naval commissions, and "banqueted" with Rear Admiral William Fullam after receiving harbor entrance by him. His ships then proceeded to Shouth America. After stints as Director of the Naval Academy, Commander of the 2nd fleet, then the 3rd fleet, then Kure Naval District, he became a full admiral on 3 August 1923. He became Commander-in-Chief of Combined Fleet in 1924. Vice Admiral is a naval rank of three star level, equivalent to Lieutenant General in seniority. ... Kure can refer to: Kure Software Koubou, Japanese video game development company. ... For other uses, see Admiral (disambiguation). ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Commander-in-Chief (in NATO-lingo often C-in-C or CINC pronounced sink) is the commander of all the military forces within a particular region or of all the military forces of a state. ... Combined Fleet was the ocean-going branch of the Imperial Japanese Navy, which was ruled under General Staff of the Imperial Japanese Navy (e. ...


After serving as Chief of Imperial Japanese Navy General Staff from 1925 to 1929, he retired and accepted the position as Grand Chamberlain and Privy Councillor. The Imperial Japanese Navy General Staff or Gunreibo Socho, was in charge of Imperial Japanese Navy planning and operations. ... now. ... This article concerns the British Sovereigns Privy Council. ...


He narrowly escaped assassination in the February 26 Incident in 1936: the would-be assassin's bullet remained inside Suzuki for the rest of his life, and was only revealed upon his cremation. Suzuki was opposed to Japan's war with the United States, before and throughout World War II. The February 26 Incident (二・二六事件 Ni-niroku jiken) was an uprising against the Japanese government that took place in 1936. ... The crematorium at Haycombe Cemetery, Bath, England. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Prime Minister

Prime Minister, 1945.
Prime Minister, 1945.

On 7 April 1945, following the Battle of Okinawa, Prime Minister Kuniaki Koiso resigned and Suzuki took his place at the age of seventy-seven. (U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt died less than a week later.) Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 430 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 1426 pixel, file size: 468 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 430 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 1426 pixel, file size: 468 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Combatants United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand Empire of Japan Commanders Simon B. Buckner†, Joseph W. Stilwell, Ray Spruance Mitsuru Ushijima† Isamu Cho† Strength 548,000 regulars, 1300 ships,  ? aircraft 100,000 regulars and militia,  ? ships,  ? aircraft Casualties 12,513 dead or missing, 38,916 wounded, 33,096... The Prime Minister of Japan (内閣総理大臣 Naikaku sōri daijin) is the usual English-language term used for the head of government of Japan, although the literal translation of the Japanese name for the office is Prime Minister of the Cabinet. ... Kuniaki Koiso (小磯 國昭 Koiso Kuniaki, March 22, 1880–November 3, 1950) was the 41st Prime Minister of Japan from July 22, 1944 to April 7, 1945. ... FDR redirects here. ...


As prime minister, Suzuki contributed to the final peace negotiations with the Allies. He was involved in calling two unprecedented imperial conferences which helped resolve a split with in the Japanese Imperial Cabinet over the Potsdam Declaration. He outlined the terms to Emperor Hirohito who had already agreed to accept the unconditional surrender. This went strongly against the military faction of the cabinet, who desired to continue the war in hopes of negotiating a more favorable peace agreement. Part of this faction attempted to assassinate Suzuki twice on the morning of 15 August 1945. The Potsdam Declaration or the Proclamation Defining Terms for Japanese Surrender (not to be confused with the Potsdam Agreement) was a statement issued on July 26, 1945 by Harry S. Truman, Winston Churchill, and Chiang Kai-Shek which outlined the terms of surrender for Japan as agreed upon at the... Emperor Shōwa ) (April 29, 1901 – January 7, 1989) was the 124th emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from December 25, 1926 until his death in 1989. ... is the 227th day of the year (228th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ...


After the surrender became public, Suzuki resigned and Prince Higashikuni became next prime minister. Prince Higashikuni (Naruhiko) of Japan (東久邇 稔彦 Higashikuni Naruhiko, also Higashikuni no miya Naruhiko ō (東久邇宮 稔彦王)) (3 December 1887 – 26 January 1990) was the 43rd Prime Minister of Japan from 17 August 1945 to 9 October 1945, a period of 54 days. ...


Suzuki died of natural causes. One of his two sons became director of Japan's immigration service, while the other was a successful lawyer.


External links

  • Annotated bibliography for Kantaro Suzuki from the Alsos Digital Library for Nuclear Issues
  • National Diet Library photos and biography
  • Prime Minister who negrected the Potsdam Declarationbut and promoted suicide attaks(Japanese)
Preceded by
Mamoru Shigemitsu
Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan
1945
Succeeded by
Shigenori Togo

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kantaro Suzuki Information (645 words)
Suzuki was born in Sakai, Osaka Prefecture, and grew up in the city of Noda, Chiba Prefecture.
Suzuki was Vice Minister of the Navy during World War I, then fleet commander, then Chief of Naval General Staff from 1925 to 1929.
Suzuki - Nakasone - Takeshita - Uno - Kaifu - Miyazawa - Hosokawa - Hata - Murayama - Hashimoto - Obuchi - Mori - Koizumi
AllRefer.com - Kantaro Suzuki (Japanese History, Biography) - Encyclopedia (194 words)
Kantaro Suzuki[kAntArO´ sOOzOO´kE] Pronunciation Key, 1867–1948, Japanese admiral.
He favored the acceptance of unconditional surrender with the understanding that it did not alter the position of the emperor.
Opposed by the military, which wished to negotiate a more favorable settlement, Suzuki called two imperial conferences at which Emperor Hirohito ordered his ministers to capitulate.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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