FACTOID # 18: Alaska spends more money per capita on elementary and secondary education than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Kangchenjunga" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Kangchenjunga
Kangchenjunga

Kangchenjunga early in the morning, from Chouda Pheri
Elevation 8,586 metres (28,169 feet) †
Ranked 3rd
Location Flag of India India
Flag of Nepal Nepal[1]
Range Himalaya
Prominence 3,922 m Ranked 30th
Coordinates 27°42′09″N, 88°08′54″E
First ascent May 25, 1955
Flag of the United Kingdom Joe Brown
Flag of the United Kingdom George Band
Easiest route glacier/snow/ice climb

Kangchenjunga (Nepali:कञ्चनजङ्घा) SewaLungma (Limbu language) is the third highest mountain in the world (after Mount Everest and K2) with an altitude of 8,586 metres (28,169 feet). Kangchenjunga is the highest mountain in India (though K2 is regarded as the highest mountain in India) [2] and the second highest peak in Nepal. Kangchenjunga translated means "The Five Treasures of Snows", as it contains five peaks, four of them over 8,450 metres. The treasures represent the five repositories of god, which are gold, silver, gems, grain, and holy books. Kangchenjunga is also called Sewalungma in local Limbu language and considered sacred in Kirant religion. Three of these five peaks (main, central, and south) are on the border of North Sikkim district of Sikkim, India and Taplejung District of Nepal, while the other two are completely in Taplejung District. Nepal is home to the Kangchenjunga Conservation Area Project run by the World Wildlife Fund [2] [3] [4] [5] [6], in association with the Nepal Mountaineering Association [7] and HMG in Nepal, the sanctuary is also home to the Red Panda and other snow animals, birds and plants. India's side of Kangchenjunga also has a protected park area called the Khangchendzonga National Park. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Kangchenjunga may refer to: Kangchenjunga, a mountain on the Nepalese/Indian border. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 590 pixelsFull resolution (1190 × 878 pixel, file size: 104 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kangchenjunga Metadata This file contains additional... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... Cho Oyu, Lhotse, Makalu and Mount Everest as seen from the International Space Station. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nepal. ... For exotic financial options, see Mountain range (options). ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... In topography, prominence, also known as autonomous height, relative height or shoulder drop (in America) or prime factor (in Europe), is a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains, also known as peaks. ... This is a list of mountains ordered by their topographic prominence. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... In climbing, a first ascent (FA) is the first climb to reach the top of a mountain, or the first to follow a particular climbing route. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Joe Brown (born September 1930) is a English climber, born the seventh and last child of a family in the Manchester suburb of Ardwick. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... George Band (born 1929) is a British mountaineer. ... Southern and northern Mount Everest climbing routes as seen from the International Space Station. ... Nepali (Khaskura) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in Nepal, Bhutan, and some parts of India and Myanmar (Burma). ... Limbu (ISO/DIS 639-3: lif) is a Tibeto-Burman language (also called Yakthungpan, literally language of Limbus) spoken in parts of Sikkim in India and Nepal by the Limbu community. ... For other uses, see Mountain (disambiguation). ... Everest redirects here. ... For other uses, see K2 (disambiguation). ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... This article is about the chemical element. ... Limbu (ISO/DIS 639-3: lif) is a Tibeto-Burman language (also called Yakthungpan, literally language of Limbus) spoken in parts of Sikkim in India and Nepal by the Limbu community. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... North Sikkim is a district of the Indian state of Sikkim. ... Taplejung district, a part of Mechi zone, is one of the seventy-five districts of Nepal, a landlocked country of South Asia. ... Note: After losing a court case in 2002 on the use of the initials WWF, the organization previously known as the World Wrestling Federation has rebranded itself as World Wrestling Entertainment, or WWE. WWF - The Conservation Organization was formerly known as World Wildlife Fund and Worldwide Fund for Nature. ... The Nepal Mountaineering Association (NMA) is the national mountaineering association of Nepal. ... For the Canadian Superhero, see Decoder Ring Theatre Binomial name F. Cuvier, 1825 Red Panda range subspecies The Red Panda, Ailurus fulgens (shining cat, from a Latinized form of the Greek αίλουρος, ailouros, cat, and the participial form of the Latin fulgere, to shine) [1] is a mostly herbivorous mammal, slightly... A national park located in Sikkim in India. ...


Although Kangchenjunga is the official spelling adopted by Douglas Freshfield, A.M. Kellas, and the Royal Geographical Society that gives the best indication of the Tibetan pronunciation, there are a number of alternative spellings which include Kangchen Dzö-nga, Khangchendzonga, Kanchenjanga, Kachendzonga, Kanchenjunga or Kangchanfanga. The final word on the use of the name Kangchenjunga came from His Highness Sir Tashi Namgyal, the Maharaja or chogyal of Sikkim, who stated that "although junga had no meaning in Tibetan, it really ought to have been Zod-nga (treasure, five) Kang-chen (snow, big) conveyed the meaning correctly". Following consultations with a Lieutenant-Colonel J.L.R. Weir (HMG political agent to Sikkim), he agreed that it was best to leave it as Kangchenjunga, and thus the name remained so by acceptance and usage. Douglas William Freshfield (London, April 27, 1845 - Forest Row, February 9, 1934) was a British climber, author of The Exploration of the Caucasus published in London by E. Arnold publishing company in 1896. ... The Royal Geographical Society is a British learned society founded in 1830 with the name Geographical Society of London for the advancement of geographical science, under the patronage of King William IV. It absorbed the Association for Promoting the Discovery of the Interior Parts of Africa (founded by Sir Joseph... The Tibetan language is spoken primarily by the Tibetan people who live across a wide area of eastern Central Asia bordering South Asia, as well as by large number of Tibetan refugees all over the world. ... Tashi Namgyal (October 26, 1893 – December 2, 1963) was Chogyal (King) of Sikkim from 1914 to 1963. ... Major-General H.H. Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh- al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh, Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI , GCIE , GBE The word Mahārāja (also spelled maharajah) is Sanskrit for great king or high king (a karmadharaya from mahānt great... The Chogyal were the monarchs of the former country of Sikkim. ...


Until 1852, Kangchenjunga was assumed to be the highest mountain in the world, but calculations made by the British Great Trigonometric Survey in 1849 came to the conclusion that Mount Everest was the highest and Kangchenjunga the third-highest. Kangchenjunga was first climbed on May 25, 1955 by Joe Brown and George Band of a British expedition. The British expedition honoured the beliefs of the Sikkimese, who hold the summit sacred, by stopping a few feet short of the actual summit. Most successful summit parties since then have followed this tradition. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Each millennium had thrown up passion for doing something unique. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Joe Brown (born September 1930) is a English climber, born the seventh and last child of a family in the Manchester suburb of Ardwick. ... George Band (born 1929) is a British mountaineer. ...


The five peaks of Kangchenjunga are as follows:

Name of peak Height (m) Height (ft)
Kangchenjunga Main 8,586 28,169
Kangchenjunga West (Yalung Kang) 8,505 27,904
Kangchenjunga Central (Middle) 8,482 27,828
Kangchenjunga South 8,494 27,867
Kangbachen 7,903 25,925

The huge massif of Kangchenjunga is buttressed by great ridges running roughly due east to west and north to south, forming a giant 'X'. These ridges contain a host of peaks between 6,000 and 8,000 meters. On the east ridge in Sikkim, is Siniolchu (6,888 m/22,600 ft). The west ridge culminates in the magnificent Jannu (7,710 m/25,294 ft) with its imposing north face. To the south, clearly visible from Darjeeling, are Kabru North (7,338 m/24,075 ft), Kabru South (7,316 m/24,002 ft) and Rathong peaks (6,678 m/21,910 ft). The north ridge, after passing through the minor subpeak Kangchenjunga North (7741 m/25,397 ft), contains The Twins and Tent Peak, and runs up to the Tibetan border by the Jongsong La, a 6,120 m (20,080 ft) pass. The Kanchenjunga and Siniolchu viewed from Ganesh Tok in Gangtok. ... Jannu is an important Western outlier of Kangchenjunga, the third highest peak in the world. ... Kabru, from Dzongri in Sikkim Kabru is a mountain peak in the Himalayas in India and Nepal located south of Kangchenjunga. ... Kabru, from Dzongri in Sikkim Kabru is a mountain peak in the Himalayas in India and Nepal located south of Kangchenjunga. ...


Kangchenjunga is known for its famous views from the hill station of Darjeeling. On a clear day, it presents an image not as much of a mountain but of a white wall hanging from the sky. The people of Sikkim revere Kangchenjunga as a sacred mountain. Permission to climb the mountain from the Indian side is rare, but sometimes allowed.[citation needed] Kalimpong town as viewed from a distant hill. ... For other uses, see Darjeeling (disambiguation). ...


Because of its remote location in Nepal and difficult access from India, the Kangchenjunga region is not much explored by the trekkers. It has, therefore, retained much of its pristine beauty. In Sikkim too, trekking into the Kangchenjunga region has just been permitted. The Goecha La trek is gaining popularity amongst tourists. It goes to the Goecha La Pass which is located right in front of the huge southeast face of Kangchenjunga. Another trek to Green Lake Basin has recently been opened for trekking. This goes to the Northeast side of Kangchenjunga along the famous Zemu glacier. Goecha La (el. ... Many beautiful natural scenes are only accessible if one is willing to hike to get to them. ... Zemu Glacier is the largest glacier in the Eastern Himalaya. ...


The Kangchenjunga Conservation Area (KCA) covers 2,035 km² surrounding the mountain on the Nepalese side.

Contents

Elevation discrepancy

† Figures regarding the exact height of Kangchenjunga differ. Heights of 8,598 metres (28,208 ft) and 8,586 metres (28,169 ft) are often given. On official 1:50,000 Nepalese mapping, the lower height is given, so this is given on this page also.


Climbing history

Kangchenjunga summit from Sikkim c. 1857
Kangchenjunga summit from Sikkim c. 1857
Kangchenjunga from Chouda Pheri.
Kangchenjunga from Chouda Pheri.
Kangchenjunga from Goechala La, 4,940 m.
Kangchenjunga from Goechala La, 4,940 m.
Samiti lake near the Kangchenjunga base camp, Sikkim
Samiti lake near the Kangchenjunga base camp, Sikkim

Image File history File linksMetadata Kanchenjunga_summit_ca. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Kanchenjunga_summit_ca. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1840x1232, 1307 KB) Summary This picture is taken from chudapheri camp view point with Canon EOS300 Camera with canon 28-80 USM lens on fuji pro 100asa film . ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1840x1232, 1307 KB) Summary This picture is taken from chudapheri camp view point with Canon EOS300 Camera with canon 28-80 USM lens on fuji pro 100asa film . ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1930 KB) Summary Picture of Kangchenjunga taken by me from Goecha La pass, 4940m, Sikkim. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1930 KB) Summary Picture of Kangchenjunga taken by me from Goecha La pass, 4940m, Sikkim. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2400x1600, 2721 KB) Samiti lake near the Kanchenjunga base camp, Sikkim Photo taken : May 2005 Photographer : Amar File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kangchenjunga Metadata This file... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2400x1600, 2721 KB) Samiti lake near the Kanchenjunga base camp, Sikkim Photo taken : May 2005 Photographer : Amar File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kangchenjunga Metadata This file...

Early reconnaissance and attempts

  • 1854 Joseph Dalton Hooker the famous British botanist, explored parts of the eastern Nepal, hitherto completely unknown to Europeans. He made repeated tours of the river valleys into the foothills leading up to Kangchenjunga and the passes into Tibet which was his ultimate objective.
  • 1899 The British explorer Douglas Freshfield and the Italian photographer Vittorio Sella are the first to circumnavigate the mountain. They are the first mountaineers to view the great Western Face of Kangchenjunga.
  • 1905 The Kangchenjunga expedition (1905) was the first attempt, headed by Aleister Crowley and Dr. Jules Jacot-Guillarmod. Unsuccessful, it reached 6,500 metres on the southwest side of the mountain. Climber Alexis Pache and three local porters were killed in an avalanche.[3]
  • 1929 A German expedition led by Paul Bauer reaches 7,400 m (24,300 ft) on the northeast spur before being turned back by a five-day storm.
  • 1930 An International Expedition led by George Dyhrenfurth, German Uli Wieland, Austrian Erwin Schneider and Englishman Frank Smythe (who published "The Kangchenjunga Adventure" in the same year). The attempt failed due to poor weather and snow conditions.
  • 1931 A second German expedition, led again by Paul Bauer, attempts the northeast spur before being turned back by bad weather, illnesses and deaths. The expedition retreats after climbing only a little higher than the 1929 attempt.
  • 1954 A reconnaissance of Kangchenjunga's southwest side is made by John Kempe (leader), J.W. Tucker, Ron Jackson, Trevor H. Braham, G.C. Lewis, and Dr. D.S. Mathews. [4] This reconnaissance led to the route used by the successful 1955 expedition.

1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Joseph Dalton Hooker Joseph Dalton Hooker Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker, GCSI, OM, FRS, MD (June 30, 1817 – December 10, 1911) was an English botanist and traveller. ... Aleister Crowley, born Edward Alexander Crowley, (12 October 1875 – 1 December 1947; the surname is pronounced // i. ... For other uses, see Storm (disambiguation). ... Frank Smythe was a professional British mountaineer, known for his discovery of the Valley of Flowers in the Himalayas, now in the state of Uttaranchal, India. ...

The first ascent

In 1955, Joe Brown and George Band made the first ascent on May 25, followed by Norman Hardie and Tony Streather on May 26. The full team also included John Clegg (team doctor), Charles Evans (team leader), John Angelo Jackson, Neil Mather, and Tom Mackinnon. Joe Brown (born September 1930) is a English climber, born the seventh and last child of a family in the Manchester suburb of Ardwick. ... George Band (born 1929) is a British mountaineer. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... John Angelo Jackson (March 21, 1921 – July 2, 2005) was a mountaineer, explorer and educationalist. ...


The ascent proved Aleister Crowley's 1905 route (also investigated by the 1954 reconnaissance) was viable. The route starts on the Yalung Glacier to the southwest of the peak, and climbs the Yalung Face, which is 3,000 metres (10,000 ft) high. The main feature of this face is the "Great Shelf", a large sloping plateau at around 7,500 metres (24,600 ft), covered by a hanging glacier. The route is almost entirely on snow, glacier, and one icefall; the summit ridge itself can involve a small amount of travel on rock.[3] This article is about the geological formation. ... An icefall is a phenomenon found in some glaciers. ...


The first ascent expedition made six camps above their base camp, two below the Shelf, two on it, and two above it. They started on April 18, and everyone was back to base camp by May 28.[3]


Further ascents

  • 1973 Climbers Yutaka Ageta and Takeo Matsuda of the Japanese expedition, summit Kangchenjunga West (Yalung Kang) by climbing the SW Ridge.
  • 1977 The second ascent of Kangchenjunga, by an Indian Army team led by Colonel Narinder Kumar. They complete the northeast spur, the difficult ridge that defeated the German expeditions in 1929 and 1931.
  • 1978 A Polish team makes the first successful ascent of the south summit (Kangchenjunga II).
  • 1983 Pierre Beghin makes the first solo ascent and without oxygen.
  • 1986 On January 11, Krzysztof Wielicki and Jerzy Kukuczka, Polish climbers make the first winter ascent.
  • 1991 Marija Frantor and Joze Rozman attempt the first ascent by a woman but their bodies are later found below the summit headwall. The same year, Andrej Stremfelj and Marko Prezelj complete a perfect, technically demanding, elegant alpine style climb up the south ridge of Kangchenjunga to the south summit (8,494 m).
  • 1992 Wanda Rutkiewicz died on a summit attempt after she refused to descend in an approaching storm.
  • 1995 Benoît Chamoux, Pierre Royer and their Sherpa guide disappeared on October 6 near the summit.
  • 1998 Ginette Harrison becomes the first and only woman to reach the summit. Until then Kangchenjunga had been the only eight-thousander that had not seen a female ascent.
  • 2005 Alan Hinkes, a British climber, is the only person able to summit Kangchenjunga in its 50th anniversary of first ascent.

is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Jerzy Kukuczka Jerzy Kukuczka(March 24, 1948 - October 24, 1989)- born in Katowice, Poland - Polish alpine and high - altitude climber. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Wanda Rutkiewicz was born on February 2, 1943 in Plungiany, Poland (today Lithuania). ... Benoît Chamoux was a French Alpinist born in La-Roche-sur-Foron near Mont Blanc in the department of Haute-Savoie, France on February 19th, 1961. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Ginette Harrison (28 February 1958-24 October 1999) was a professional climber of British origin. ... Alan Hinkes OBE (April 26, 1954- ) is a British mountaineer from Northallerton in North Yorkshire. ...

Relevant Background Reading

Some titles are no longer in print but are easily locatable on the Internet.

  • Joseph Dalton Hooker "Himalayan Journals" 1855. Assistant-director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Maj L.A. Waddell, "Among The Himalayas", 1899; Travels in Sikkim. Book includes the exploration of the south of Kangchenjunga.
  • Aleister Crowley "The Confessions of Aleister Crowley", Chapters 51, 52 & 53, Tells of the 1905 Kangchenjunga Expedition by he and Dr. Jacot-Guillarmod.
  • Douglas Freshfield "Round Kangchenjunga - A Narrative of Mountain Travel and Exploration", published by Edward Arnold 1903 (Publisher to the H.M. India Office).
  • Paul Bauer "The German Attack on Kangchenjunga" by (Blackwell, 1937) is the story of Bauer’s two attempts in 1929 and 1931.
  • Paul Bauer "The German Attack on Kangchenjunga" The Himalayan Journal, 1930 Vol. II.
  • Lieut. Col. H.W. Tobin "Exploration and Climbing in The Sikkim Himalaya" The Himalayan Journal, April 1930 Vol. II. Provides the early exploration and climbing attempts on Kangchenjunga.
  • F.S. Smythe "The Kangchenjunga Adventure", 1930 to 1931. Victor Gollancz, Ltd. Smythe was the team member responsible for writing and sending the dispatches to The Statesman in Calcutta, (Mr. Alfred Watson Editor), who transmitted the dispatches to The Times (editors Deakin & Bogaerde), during the expedition of 1930 * example.
  • Prof. G.O. Dyhrenfurth "The International Himlayan Expedition, 1930" The Himalayan Journal, April 1931, Vol. III. Details their attempt on Kangchenjunga.
  • "The ascent of Nanda Devi", H.W. Tilman, June 7th 1937,Cambridge University Press. Relates the story of their intetion to climb Kangchenjunga.
  • John Angelo Jackson "More than Mountains" 1955. Book containing data on the 1954 Kangchenjunga reconnaissance. Jackson was also a team member of the 1st ascent of Kangchenjunga in 1955], also relates the Daily Mail "Abominable Snowman" or Yeti Expedition, when the first trek from Everest to Kangchenjunga was accomplished * [8]. Relevant pages 97 onwards with two detailed maps.
  • Charles Evans "Kangchenjunga The Untrodden Peak", Hodder & Stoughton, Leader of the 1955 expedition. Principal of the University College of North Wales, Bangor. Foreword by His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh, K.G.
  • Joe Brown, "The Hard Years", tells his version of the first ascent of Kangchenjunga in 1955.
  • Colonel Narinder Kumar, "Kangchenjunga: First ascent from the north-east spur", 1978, Vision books. Includes the second ever ascent of Kangchenjunga and the first from the North-East Spur on the Indian side of the mountain. See also Himalayan Journal Vol. 36 and 50th Anniversary Edition
  • Peter Boardman, Doug Scott, Sacred Summits – A Climber's Year, 1982; Includes the 1979 ascent of Kangchenjunga with Joe Tasker and Doug Scott. Also in The Himalayan Journal Vol 36.
  • John Angelo Jackson Adventure Travels in the Himalaya Indus Publishing 2005, Recounts in more detail the first ascent of Kangchenjunga.

The above Himalayan Journal References were all also reproduced in the "50th Anniversary of the First Ascent of Kangchenjunga" The himalayan Club, Kollkata Section 2005. Joseph Dalton Hooker Joseph Dalton Hooker Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker, GCSI, OM, FRS, MD (June 30, 1817 – December 10, 1911) was an English botanist and traveller. ... L. Austine Waddell traveled extensively in India throughout the 1890s (including Sikkim and areas on the borders of Nepal and Tibet) and wrote about the Tibetan Buddhist religious practices he observed there. ... Aleister Crowley, born Edward Alexander Crowley, (12 October 1875 – 1 December 1947; the surname is pronounced // i. ... Douglas William Freshfield (London, April 27, 1845 - Forest Row, February 9, 1934) was a British climber, author of The Exploration of the Caucasus published in London by E. Arnold publishing company in 1896. ... Francis Sydney Smythe, also known as Frank Smythe (1900-1949),born in Maidstone, Kent, England, UK. Was a British mountaineer, author,[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15] photographer and botanist in the early years of high altitude mountaineering. ... Established in 1875, The Statesman is among the leading daily newspapers of India. ... The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom (and the Kingdom of Great Britain before the United Kingdom existed) since 1788 when it was known as The Daily Universal Register. ... John Angelo Jackson (March 21, 1921 – July 2, 2005) was a mountaineer, explorer and educationalist. ... The Daily Mail is a British newspaper and the oldest tabloid, first published in 1896. ... For other uses, see Yeti (disambiguation). ... Everest redirects here. ... Joe Brown (born September 1930) is a English climber, born the seventh and last child of a family in the Manchester suburb of Ardwick. ... Peter Boardman (b. ... Doug Scott CBE (born 29th May 1941) is British mountaineer famous for the first acent of the Southwest Face Mount Everest on 25th September 1975, and was the first Briton to climb Everest. ... John Angelo Jackson (March 21, 1921 – July 2, 2005) was a mountaineer, explorer and educationalist. ...

  • Khangchendzonga: Sacred Summit, a book by Pema Wangchuk and Mita Zulca published from Sikkim. The book details the stories and legends celebrated by the communities living in the Kangchenjunga's shadow, goes over the exploits of the early explorers and mountaineers. Chapters cover what Khangchendzonga means to Buddhism, mapping, early explorers, Alexander Kellas, early expeditions, the first ascent in 1955, the Indian Army ascent (1977), the first British ascent (1979), women climbers, the Tiger climbers, the yeti, and more. Profusely illustrated with many period photos.

Articles, Reviews and Media

  • The Geographer at High Altitudes, "Climbing on the Himalaya and other Mountain Ranges", By J. Norman Collie, F.R.S. Edinburgh: David Douglas. 1902.
  • The Glaciers of Kangchenjunga Douglas Freshfield The Geographical Journal, Vol. 19, No. 4 Apr., 1902, pp. 453-472
  • Round Kangchenjunga. A Narrative of Mountain Travel and Exploration, Douglas W. Freshfield Bulletin of the American Geographical Society, Vol. 36, No. 2 1904
  • The Mount Everest Expedition, C. K. Howard-Bury. The Geographical Journal, Vol. 59, No. 2 Feb., 1922, pp. 81-99. see also Yeti. pp. 97 onwards with good detailed maps.
  • "General Bruce's Illness a Serious handicap" "The Times", (British) World Copyright, Lt. R.F.Norton, April 19th, 1924. Expedition in the Kanchenjunga area.
  • Account of a Photographic Expedition to the Southern Glaciers of Kangchenjunga in the Sikkim Himalaya, N. A. Tombazi, The Geographical Journal, Vol. 67, No. 1 Jan., 1926, pp. 74-76
  • An Adventure to Kangchenjunga, Hugh Boustead, The Geographical Journal, Vol. 69, No. 4 (Apr., 1927, pp. 344-350
  • The Times Literary Supplement, Thursday, December 11, 1930. "The Kangchenjunga Adventure", F.S. Smythe.
  • Im Kampf um den Himalaja, Paul Bauer. The Kangchenjunga Adventure, F. S. Smythe, Himalaya: Unsere Expedition, G. O. Dyhrenfurth. 1930
  • The Times Literary Supplement, Thursday, April 9 1931. "Kangchenjunga", Paul Bauer.
  • The Imperial Gazetteer of India. Vol. XXVI, The Geographical Journal, Vol. 79, No. 1 Jan., 1932, pp. 53-56
  • Recent Heroes of Modern Adventure, T. C. Bridges; H. Hessell Tiltman, The Geographical Journal, Vol. 81, No. 6 Jun., 1933, p. 568
  • Um Den Kantsch: der zweite deutsche Angriff auf den Kangchendzönga, Paul Bauer, 1931. The Geographical Journal, Vol. 81, No. 4 Apr., 1933, pp. 362-363
  • Himalayan Campaign: The German Attack on Kangchenjunga, Paul Bauer; Sumner Austin The Geographical Journal, Vol. 91, No. 5 May, 1938, p. 478
  • The Times Literary Supplement, Friday, December 21st, 1956. "Kangchenjunga: The Untrodden Peak", Charles Evans.
  • Kangchenjunga Climbed, Charles Evans; George Band, The Geographical Journal, Vol. 122, No. 1 Mar., 1956, pp. 1-12

Douglas William Freshfield (London, April 27, 1845 - Forest Row, February 9, 1934) was a British climber, author of The Exploration of the Caucasus published in London by E. Arnold publishing company in 1896. ... For other uses, see Yeti (disambiguation). ... The Times Literary Supplement (or TLS) is a weekly literary review published in London by News International, a subsidiary of News Corporation. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Francis Sydney Smythe, also known as Frank Smythe (1900-1949),born in Maidstone, Kent, England, UK. Was a British mountaineer, author,[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15] photographer and botanist in the early years of high altitude mountaineering. ... Francis Sydney Smythe, also known as Frank Smythe (1900-1949),born in Maidstone, Kent, England, UK. Was a British mountaineer, author,[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15] photographer and botanist in the early years of high altitude mountaineering. ... The Times Literary Supplement (or TLS) is a weekly literary review published in London by News International, a subsidiary of News Corporation. ... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Times Literary Supplement (or TLS) is a weekly literary review published in London by News International, a subsidiary of News Corporation. ...

In literature

  • In The Epic of Mount Everest, first published in 1926, Sir Francis Younghusband: " For natural beauty Darjiling (Darjeeling) is surely unsurpassed in the world. From all countries travellers come there to see the famous view of Kangchenjunga, 28,150 feet in height, and only 40 miles distant. Darjiling (Darjeeling) itself is 7,000 feet above sea-level and is set in a forest of oaks, magnolia, rhododendrons, laurels and sycamores. And through these forests the observer looks down the steep mountain-sides to the Rangeet River only 1,000 feet above sea-level, and then up and up through tier after tier of forest-clad ranges, each bathed in a haze of deeper and deeper purple, till the line of snow is reached; and then still up to the summit of Kangchenjunga, now so pure and ethereal we can scarcely believe it is part of the solid earth on which we stand; and so high it seems part of the very sky itself."
  • In 1999, official James Bond author Raymond Benson published High Time to Kill. In this story, a microdot containing a secret formula for aviation technology is stolen by a society called the Union. During their escape, their plane crashes on the slopes of Kangchenjunga and James Bond becomes part of a climbing expedition in order to retrieve the formula.

Swallows and Amazons is a series of childrens books by English author Arthur Ransome, named after the title of the first book in the series. ... Cover of Arthur Ransomes autobiography Arthur Mitchell Ransome (January 18, 1884 – June 3, 1967), was a British author and journalist, best known for writing the Swallows and Amazons series of childrens books, which tell of school-holiday adventures of children, mostly in the Lake District and the Norfolk... The panorama across Eskdale from Ill Crag. ... The Old Man of Coniston is a fell in the English Lake District. ... Lieutenant Colonel Sir Francis Edward Younghusband (31 May 1863 - 31 July 1942) was a British Army officer, explorer, and spiritualist. ... For other uses, see Darjeeling (disambiguation). ... 007 redirects here. ... Raymond Benson (born September 6, 1955) is an American author best known for being the last official author of the adult James Bond novels. ... High Time to Kill, published in 1999, is the fourth novel by Raymond Benson featuring Ian Flemings secret agent, James Bond (including Bensons novelization of Tomorrow Never Dies). ... HI Mark IV microdot camera A microdot is a text or image shrunk to prevent viewing by unintended recipients. ... The Inheritance of Loss is a novel by Kiran Desai, first published in 2006 and winner of the Man Booker Prize that year. ... Kiran Desai (born 3 September 1971) [1] is a South Asian American author. ... The Man Booker Prize for Fiction, also known in short as the Booker Prize, is a literary prize awarded each year for the best original full-length novel, written in the English language, by a citizen of either the Commonwealth of Nations or the Republic of Ireland. ... , Kalimpong (Nepali: कालिम्पोङ) is a hill station (a hill town) nestled in the Shiwalik Hills (or Lower Himalaya) in the Indian state of West Bengal. ... Kalimpong town as viewed from a distant hill. ...

Notes

  1. ^ The highest summit lies on the border between India and Nepal. See [1].
  2. ^ India officially regards K2 as its highest peak, claiming that it is part of Jammu and Kashmir
  3. ^ a b c Charles Evans, "Kangchenjunga", American Alpine Journal, 1956, p. 54.
  4. ^ The Himalayan Journal Vol. XIX.

For other uses, see K2 (disambiguation). ... This article is about the area administered by India. ... The American Alpine Journal is the yearly flagship publication of the American Alpine Club. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Kangchenjunga - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1031 words)
Kangchenjunga or Kanchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world, the second highest in Nepal and the highest in India, located in the Taplejung district of Sikkim, straddling the frontier between Nepal and India.
Until 1852, Kangchenjunga was assumed to be the highest mountain in the world, but calculations made by the British 1849 Great Trigonometric Survey showed Mount Everest to be the highest and Kangchenjunga the third-highest.
Kangchenjunga is known for its famous views from the hill station of Darjeeling.
Dan Mazur's Kangchenjunga Spring 2002 Updates (207 words)
Kangchenjunga sometimes spelled Kanchanjanga or Kinchinjunga is the third largest mountain in the world.
Kangchenjunga is located on the Sikkim (India)-Nepal border as part of the Himalayan mountain range.
Kangchenjunga has 5 peaks, of which the true Summit is 28,169 feet or 8586 meters.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m