Kanem can also refer to the ancient Sahelian state of Kanem-Bornu
Kanem is one of the 14 prefectures of Chad. Located in the west of the country, Kanem covers an area of 114,520 square kilometers and has a population of 279,927 (as of 1993). Its capital is Mao, Chad.
Even though the Kanembu were becoming more sedentary, Kanem's rulers continued to travel frequently throughout the kingdom to remind the herders and farmers of the government's power and to allow them to demonstrate their allegiance by paying tribute.
During Dabbalemi's reign, the Fezzan region (in present-day Libya) fell under Kanem's authority, and the empire's influence extended westward to Kano, eastward to Wadai, and southward to the Adamawa grasslands (in present-day Cameroon).
It was at that point that Kanem's son, Umar, became king, thus ending one of the longest dynastic reigns in regional history.
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