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Encyclopedia > Kandy

Coordinates: 7°17′49.06″N 80°38′18.43″E / 7.2969611, 80.6384528 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Sacred City of Kandy*
UNESCO World Heritage Site

The Temple of the Tooth Relic in Kandy
State Party Flag of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka
Type Cultural
Criteria iv, vi
Reference 450
Region Asia-Pacific
Inscription History
Inscription 1988  (10th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
† Region as classified by UNESCO.

Kandy (මහ නුවර mahā nuvara in Sinhala, கண்டி kaṇṭi in Tamil) is the English name for the city of Maha Nuvara (Senkadagalapura) in the centre of Sri Lanka. It is the capital of the Central Province and Kandy District. It lies in the midst of hills in the Kandy Valley which crosses an area of tropical plantations, mainly tea. Kandy may refer to: Kandy, a city in the centre of Sri Lanka Kandy District, Sri Lanka Nayaks of Kandy ,the last ruling Dynasty of Kandy,Sri Lanka Kandi, a city in Benin, Africa Hed Kandi, the electronic music record label Candy, the type of confectionery or jewelry Kandy also... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 513 KB) KANDY TO BERMUDA Description Le temple de la Dent à Kandy au Sri Lanka Der Zahntempel in Kandy (Sri Lanka): Hier wird ein Zahn aufbewahrt, der gemäß der Ãœberlieferung ein rechter Backenzahn des Buddha ist. ... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sri_Lanka. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Asia, Australia and the Pacific (Australasia). ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Sinhalese or Sinhala (සිංහල, ISO 15919: , IPA: [], earlier referred to as Singhalese) is the mother tongue of the Sinhalese, the largest ethnic group of Sri Lanka. ... Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ... The Central Province of Sri Lanka consists primarily of mountainous terrain. ... Kandy is a district of Sri Lanka. ...

Contents

Quick Facts

  • Historical Function: Administrative and religious.
  • Administrative Status: Capital of the Central Province (which encompasses the districts of Kandy, Matale and Nuwara Eliya) and also of the administrative district of Kandy.
  • Foundation: 14th century.
  • Population : 110,049 (2001 census).
  • One of the most scenic cities in Sri Lanka.
  • The name Kandy is derived from the Sinhalese kaⁿda uḍa pas raṭa, literally "the five districts on the mountain". The Portuguese shortened this to "Candea", using the name for both the kingdom and its capital Senkadagalapura.
  • In Sinhala, Kandy is called Maha Nuvara [ maha nuʋərə ] , meaning "Great City" or "Capital", although this is most often shortened to only Nuvara [ nuʋərə ].
The Kandy Sky Line
The Kandy Sky Line

Clock-tower Hindu temple in Matale Memorial over the 1848 rebellion Matale town Matale is a town in the hill country of Sri Lanka, 142 kilometres (90 miles) from Colombo. ... Nuwara Eliya Town Square A temple to Hanuman near Nuwara Eliya A tea plantation near Nuwara Eliya A waterfall located in the surroundings of Nuwara Eliya Nuwara Eliya (Sinhala නුවරඑළිය Tamil நுவரேலியா)(pronounced approximately ), meaning the city in the open plain (table land)in the hills, is a town in Sri Lanka. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... IPA may refer to: The International Phonetic Alphabet or India Pale Ale ... IPA may refer to: The International Phonetic Alphabet or India Pale Ale ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1073x710, 473 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1073x710, 473 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

History

Historical records suggest that Kandy was first established by the King Wickramabahu (1357-1374 CE) near the Watapuluwa area, north of the present city, and named Senkadagalapura at the time, although some scholars suggest the name Katubulu Nuwara may also have been used. The origin of the more popular name for the city, Senkadagala, could have been from a number of sources. These include naming after a brahmin named Senkanda who lived in a cave near the city, after a queen of King Wickramabahu named Senkanda or after a colored stone named Senkadagala. The present name Kandy, an anglicized version of Kanda Uda Rata ("the land of mountains") originated in the colonial era. The term Brahmin denotes both a member of the priestly class in the Hindu varna system, and a member of the highest caste in the caste system of Hindu society. ... Anglicized refers to foreign words, often surnames, that are changed from a foreign language into English. ... In general, the word colonial means of or relating to a colony. In United States history, the term Colonial is used to refer to the period before US independence. ...


In 1592 Kandy became the capital city of the last remaining independent kingdom in Sri Lanka after the coastal regions had been conquered by the Portuguese. Invasions by the Portuguese and the Dutch (16th, 17th and 18th century) and also by the British (most notably in 1803) were repelled. The last ruling dynasty of Kandy were the Nayaks of Kandy. Kandy preserved its independence until it finally fell to the British in 1815. The British deposed the king, Sri Wikrama Rajasingha, and all claimants to the throne, thus ending the last traditional monarchy of Sri Lanka, and replaced it with their monarchy. (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Nayakar Dynasty of Kandy The Nayaks of Kandy (a. ...

View of the lake from Rajapihilla Mawatha, on the right the golden roof of the Temple of the Tooth, top left a Toque Macaque
View of the lake from Rajapihilla Mawatha, on the right the golden roof of the Temple of the Tooth, top left a Toque Macaque

As the capital, Kandy had become home to the relic of the tooth of the Buddha which symbolises a 4th-century tradition that used to be linked to royalty since the protector of the relic was seen fit to rule the land. Thus, the Royal Palace and the Temple of the Tooth were associated with the administrative and religious functions of the capital city. Even after its conquest by the British, Kandy has preserved its function as the religious capital of the Sinhalese and a place of pilgrimage for Buddhists, namely those belonging to the Theravada school. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (709x848, 184 KB) Summary View over the lake in Kandy (Sri Lanka) from Rajapihilla Mawatha. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (709x848, 184 KB) Summary View over the lake in Kandy (Sri Lanka) from Rajapihilla Mawatha. ... Binomial name Macaca sinica (Linnaeus, 1771) The Toque Macaque (Macaca sinica) is a redish-brown color monkey enedemic to Sri Lanka. ... The Temple of the Tooth Relic in Kandy, Sri Lanka The tooth sanctuary The Sacred Relic of the tooth of the Buddha is venerated in Sri Lanka as a relic of the founder of Buddhism. ... The Sinhalese are the main ethnic group of Sri Lanka. ... This article is about the religious or spiritual journey. ... A statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Tawang Gompa, India. ... Theravada (Pāli: theravāda; Sanskrit: स्थविरवाद sthaviravāda; literally, the Way of the Elders) is the oldest surviving Buddhist school, and for many centuries has been the predominant religion of Sri Lanka (about 70% of the population[1]) and most of continental Southeast Asia (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand). ...


Portuguese invasions in the 16th century and 17th century were entirely unsuccessful. The kingdom tolerated a Dutch presence on the coast until 1761, when Kirti Sri attacked and overran most of the coast, leaving only the heavily fortified Negombo intact. When a Dutch retaliatory force returned to the island in 1763, Sri abandoned the coastline and withdrew into the interior. When the Dutch continued to the jungles the next year, they were constantly harassed by disease, heat, lack of provisions, and Kandyan sharpshooters, who hid in the jungle and inflicted heavy losses on the Dutch. The Dutch launched a better adapted force in January of 1765, replacing their troops' bayonets with machetes and using more practical uniforms and tactics suited to speedy movement. They were initially successful, capturing the capital, but they took a deserted city, and the Kandyans withdrew to the jungles once more, refusing to engage in open battle. The Dutch, worn down by constant attrition, came to terms in 1766. (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Negombo is a town of about 65,000, approximately 30 km north of Colombo in Sri Lanka. ...


See also History of Sri Lanka The recorded History of Sri Lanka boasts of 25 chronicled centuries. ...


Urban morphology

The city of Kandy lies at an altitude of about 500 m above sea level. Its plan developed around two open spaces: an elongated square at the end of which are the administration buildings of the old capital, and an artificial lake that is quadrangular in form. A public garden adds to the openness of the city's spatial organisation. For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ...


On the north shore of the lake, which is enclosed by a parapet of white stone dating to the beginning of the 19th century, are the city's official religious monuments, including the Royal Palace and the Temple of the Tooth, known as the Dalada Maligawa (daḷadā māligāva). Reconstructed in the 18th century, the Dalanda Maligawa is built on a base of granite that was inspired by the temples of Sri Lanka's former capital city, Anuradhapura. An array of materials (limestone, marble, sculpted wood, ivory, etc.) contribute to the richness of this temple. Throughout this small holy city, a number of recent Buddhist monasteries can be found. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... For other uses, see granite (disambiguation). ... Temple of Hephaestus, an Doric Greek temple in Athens with the original entrance facing east, 449 BC (western face depicted) For other uses, see Temple (disambiguation). ... Anuradhapura, ( in Sinhala), is one of the ancient capitals of Sri Lanka, world famous for its well preserved ruins of the Great Sri Lankan Civilization. ... For other uses, see Limestone (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Marble (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Monastery of St. ...


Kandy has now grown out to encompass Peradeniya, home to the University of Peradeniya and the Botanical Gardens, Katugastota to the north, and east to Kundasale, Tennekumbura and Gurudeniya. Peradeniya is a city on the outskirts of Kandy in Sri Lanka. ...


Demographics

Kandy is a Sinhala majority city; there are sizeable communities belonging to other ethnic groups, such as Moors and Tamils. Language(s) Sinhala Religion(s) Theravada Buddhism, Christianity, small groups of atheists, agnostics, Muslims, others Related ethnic groups Indo-Aryans, Dravidians, Veddahs, Bengalis The Sinhalese are the main ethnic group of Sri Lanka. ... Islam in Sri Lanka is practiced entirely by Sri Lankan Muslims, who make up approximately 8% of the population, comprise a group of minorities practicing the religion of Islam in Sri Lanka. ... Tamil New Year Ethnic problems In India After independence, Tamilians felt they and their dravidian race were ignored by the North Indians. ...

Ethnicity Population % Of Total
Sinhala 77,560 70.48
Sri Lankan Moors 15,326 13.93
Sri Lankan Tamils 9,427 8.57
Indian Tamils 5,245 4.77
Other (including Burgher, Malay) 2,489 2.26
Total 110,049 100

Source: [1] Language(s) Sinhala Religion(s) Theravada Buddhism, Christianity, small groups of atheists, agnostics, Muslims, others Related ethnic groups Indo-Aryans, Dravidians, Veddahs, Bengalis The Sinhalese are the main ethnic group of Sri Lanka. ... Islam in Sri Lanka is practiced entirely by Sri Lankan Muslims, who make up approximately 8% of the population, comprise a group of minorities practicing the religion of Islam in Sri Lanka. ... Sri Lankan Tamils also known as Eelam Tamils, Ceylonese or Ceylon Tamils and Jaffna Tamils are today a trans-national minority, and are Tamil people from Sri Lanka. ... The Indian Tamils or Hill-country Tamils, are descended from indentured labourers sent from South India to Sri Lanka in the 19th and 20th centuries to work in coffee plantations there (and, after the collapse of coffee planting in Sri Lanka, in tea and rubber plantations). ... The Burghers are a Eurasian ethnic group, historically from Sri Lanka, consisting for the most part of male-line descendants of European colonists from the 16th to 20th centuries (mostly Portuguese, Dutch and British) with local Sinhalese ancestry. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


World Heritage Site

The tooth sanctuary
The tooth sanctuary

The monumental ensemble of Kandy is an example of construction that associates the Royal Palace and the Temple of the Tooth (palace of the tooth relic). It was one of a series of temples built in the places where the relic, the actual palladium of the Sinhalese monarchy, was brought following the various relocations of the capital city. interior of the Temple of the Tooth, my image File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... interior of the Temple of the Tooth, my image File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Sri Dalada Maligawa or The Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic is a temple in the city of Kandy in Sri Lanka. ...


The Palace of the Tooth relic, the palace complex and the holy city of Kandy are associated with the history of the dissemination of Buddhism. The temple is the product of the last peregrination of the relic of the tooth of Buddha and the testimony of a cult which continues to be practiced today. The Sacred Relic of the tooth of Buddha has a long and unbroken history spanning over two and half millennia. ...

Inside the Temple of the Tooth
Inside the Temple of the Tooth

interior of the Temple of the Tooth, my image File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... interior of the Temple of the Tooth, my image File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Festivals

Kandy is also popular because of the annual festival known as the Esala Perahera (ˈɶsələ ˌperəˌhɶrə) in which one of the inner caskets used for covering the tooth relic of Buddha is taken in a grand procession through the streets of the city. This casket is taken on a tusker of royal caste. The procession includes traditional dancers and drummers, flag bearers of the provinces of the old Kandyan kingdom, the Nilames (lay custodians of temples ) wearing their traditional dresses, torch bearers and also the grandly attired elephant. This ceremony which is annually held in the months of July or August, attracts large crowds from all parts of the country and also many foreign tourists. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... In religious organizations, the laity comprises all lay persons collectively. ...

Elephants at the Esala Perahera
Elephants at the Esala Perahera

ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (531x800, 222 KB) Summary Elephants at the Esala Perahera in Kandy, Sri Lanka. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (531x800, 222 KB) Summary Elephants at the Esala Perahera in Kandy, Sri Lanka. ...

Sport

For the ball used in this sport, see Volleyball (ball). ... This article is about the sport. ... This article is about the sport. ... For the womens version of the game, see Womens Test cricket. ... Asgiriya International Stadium, Sri Lanka, has the unique distinction of being the only Test class cricket stadium in the world to be owned and maintained by a secondary school -- Trinity College (Kandy). ... A Singer treadle sewing machine Singer Corporation is a United States of America manufacturer of sewing machines, first established as I.M. Singer & Co. ... SriLankan Airlines Limited (previously known as Air Lanka) is the national carrier of Sri Lanka. ... Bold text // Rugby sevens being played at the 2006 Commonwealth Games, which was held at Melbournes Telstra Dome. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ...

Shopping

Kandy offers a variety of shopping destinations, ranging from colourful and vibrant markets to exquisite boutiques. The Kandy City Centre shopping complex is currently under construction.


Culinary

Kandy has a modest range of restaurants, as well as an abundance of confectionaries. A range of cuisines is available including Chinese, European, Sri Lankan, Indian and some multinational fast food outlets.


Nightlife

Kandy offers a reasonable nightlife. Nightclubs are mainly found in Hotels, but there are numerous bars and pubs in the city that have a more local atmosphere.


Botanical garden

Peradeniya Botanical garden
Peradeniya Botanical garden

The Botanical Garden of Peradeniya is situated about 5 km to the west of the city centre at Peradeniya and is visited by 1.2 million people per year. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (832x624, 220 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (832x624, 220 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Peradeniya Botanical garden Royal Botanical Garden of Peradeniya is located in the city of the Hill Capitol of Kandy, Sri Lanka. ... Peradeniya is a city on the outskirts of Kandy in Sri Lanka. ...


Maps

See also

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Kandy
Flag of Sri Lanka
Sri Lankan Cities
Sri Lankan cities
Colombo (Commercial Capital) | Sri Jayewardenapura (National Capital) | Anuradhapura | Trincomalee | Jaffna | Kandy | Polonnaruwa | Galle | Batticaloa | Boralesgamuwa | Nuwara Eliya | Negombo | Kurunegala | Badulla | Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia | Moratuwa | Matara | Maharagama | Ratnapura

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kandy City (0 words)
In between the death of Wimaladhramasuriya I in 1604 and the capture of the last King of Kandy by the British in 1815 seven successive kings ruled the Kandyan kingdom from its base at Senkadagala or its suburbs such as Meda Maha Nuwara, Kundasale and Hanguranketa.
The beautiful Octagon at the Dalada Maligawa and the picturesque Kandy Lake were constructed during the time of the last King Sri Wickrema Rajasinghe who was exiled to South India by the British.
The history of Kandy and it's townscape witnesses rapid and drastic change from the beginning of British rule particularly after the 1818 rebellion.
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Kandy (1071 words)
Kandy is first mentioned in the fourteenth century, when the Dalada Milagawa, or Temple of the Tooth, was built to contain that famous relic of Buddha brought to Ceylon for safety about 311.
Kandy was the last stronghold of the old dynasty, and kings continued to rule there up to the beginning of the nineteenth century, when the last king, Vikrama Raja Sinha, was taken prisoner by the British (1815) and sent to Vellore.
Besides being the seat of the diocese and the residence of the governor-agent, Kandy is also the residence of the Apostolic delegate to the East Indies, Monsignor Zaleski, Archbishop of Thebes.
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