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Encyclopedia > Kanchenjunga
Kanchenjunga

Kanchenjunga early in the morning, from Chouda Pheri
Elevation 8,586 metres (28,169 feet) †
Ranked 3rd
Location Nepal and India
Range Himalaya
Prominence 3,922 m
Coordinates 27°42′N 88°08′E
First ascent 1955 by George Band and Joe Brown
Easiest route glacier/snow/ice climb

Kanchenjunga (a number of alternative spellings are used Kangchenjunga which is the correct spelling, Kangchen Dzö-nga, Khangchendzonga, Kanchenjanga, Kachendzonga, or Kangchanfanga) is the third highest mountain in the world and the second highest in Nepal and the highest in India, located in the Taplejung district of Sikkim, straddling the frontier between Nepal and India. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3086x2054, 3794 KB) Summary Picture of Kanchenjangha taken by me from Choudapheri a place near to Lava , in Darjiling Districts West Bengal. ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... Cho Oyu, Lhotse, Makalu and Mount Everest as seen from the International Space Station. ... The most general definition of a mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands. ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... In topography, prominence, also known as autonomous height, relative height, shoulder drop or prime factor (in Europe), is a concept used in the categorization of hills and mountains. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which is aligned with the spin axis of the Earth. ... In climbing, a first ascent (FA) is the first climb to reach the top of a mountain, or the first to follow a particular climbing route. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... George Band (born 1929) is a British mountaineer. ... Joe Brown (born September 1930) is a English climber, born the seventh and last child of a family in the Manchester suburb of Ardwick. ... Southern and northern Mount Everest climbing routes as seen from the International Space Station. ... Mount McKinley (Denali) in Alaska (USA) has the largest visible base-to-summit elevation difference on Earth. ... A district in North Eastern Nepal. ... Sikkim is a landlocked Indian state nestled in the Himalayas. ...


The rough translation of Kanchenjunga is "Five Treasures of the Snow", as it contains five peaks, four of them over 8,450 metres. Until 1852, Kanchenjunga was assumed to be the highest mountain in the world, but calculations made by the British 1849 Great Trigonometric Survey showed Mount Everest to be the highest and Kanchenjunga the third-highest. Look up translate in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The metre, or meter, is a measure of length, approximately equal to 3. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Each millennium had thrown up passion for doing something unique. ... Everest redirects here. ...


The five peaks of Kanchenjunga are as follows:

Kanchenjunga Main 8,586 m 28,169 ft †
Kanchenjunga West (Yalung Kang) 8,505 m 27,904 ft
Kanchenjunga Central (Middle) 8,482 m 27,828 ft
Kanchenjunga South 8,494 m 27,867 ft
Kambachen 7,902 m 25,925 ft

Three of these five peaks (Main, Central and South) are on the India-Nepal border, while the other two are completely in Nepal.


Kanchenjunga was first climbed on May 25, 1955 by George Band and Joe Brown of a British expedition. The British expedition honored the beliefs of the Sikkimese, who hold the summit sacred, by stopping a few feet short of the actual summit. Most successful summit parties since then have followed this tradition. May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... George Band (born 1929) is a British mountaineer. ... Joe Brown (born September 1930) is a English climber, born the seventh and last child of a family in the Manchester suburb of Ardwick. ... Sikkim is a landlocked Indian state nestled in the Himalayas. ...


The huge massif of Kanchenjunga is buttressed by great ridges running roughly due east to west and north to south, forming a giant 'X'. These ridges contain a host of spectacular 6,000 to 7,000 metre peaks. On the east ridge in Sikkim, is Siniolchu (6,888 m / 22,600 ft), regarded as one of the most beautiful mountains in the world. The west ridge culminates in the magnificent Jannu (7,710 m / 25,294 ft) with its imposing north face. To the south, clearly visible from Darjeeling, are Kabru North (7,338 m / 24,075 ft), Kabru South (7,316 m / 24,002 ft) and Rathong peaks (6,678 m / 21,910 ft). The north ridge contains The Twins and Tent Peak, and runs up to the Tibetan border by the Jongsong La, a 6,120 m (20,080 ft) pass. The Kanchenjunga and Siniolchu viewed from Ganesh Tok in Gangtok. ... Jannu is an important Western outlier of Kangchenjunga, the third highest peak in the world. ... Kabru, from Dzongri in Sikkim Kabru is a mountain peak in the Himalayas in India and Nepal located south of Kangchenjunga. ... Kabru, from Dzongri in Sikkim Kabru is a mountain peak in the Himalayas in India and Nepal located south of Kangchenjunga. ...


Kanchenjunga is known for its famous views from the hill station of Darjeeling. On a clear day, it presents an image not as much of a mountain but of a white wall hanging from the sky. The people of Sikkim revere Kanchenjunga as a sacred mountain. Permission to climb the mountain from the Indian side is not allowed now. The Toy Train approaching Darjeeling Darjeeling is a town in the Indian state of West Bengal and headquarters of Darjeeling district, situated in the foothills of the Himalaya at elevations of between 2,000 and 3,000 metres above sea level. ...


Because of its remote location in Nepal, the Kanchenjunga region is not much explored by the trekkers. It has, therefore, retained much of its pristine beauty. In Sikkim too, trekking into the Kanchenjunga region has just been permitted. The Goecha La trek is gaining popularity amongst tourists. It goes to the Goecha La Pass which is located right in front of the huge southeast face of Kanchenjunga. Another trek to Green Lake Basin has recently been opened for trekking. This goes to the Northeast side of Kanchenjunga along the famous Zemu glacier.


The Kanchanjunga Conservation Area (KCA) covers 2,035 km² surrounding the mountain on the Nepalese side.

Contents


Elevation discrepancy

† Figures regarding the exact height of Kanchenjunga seem to differ. Heights of 8,598 metres (28,208 ft) and 8,586 metres (28,169 ft) are often given. On official 1:50,000 Nepalese mapping, the lower height is given, so this is given on this page also.


Climbing history

Kanchenjunga summit from Sikkim c. 1857
Kanchenjunga summit from Sikkim c. 1857
Kanchenjunga from Chouda Pheri.
Kanchenjunga from Chouda Pheri.
Kanchenjunga from Goechala La, 4,940 m.
Enlarge
Kanchenjunga from Goechala La, 4,940 m.
  • 1905 The Kanchenjunga expedition (1905) was the first attempt, headed by Aleister Crowley. Unsuccessful, it reached 6,200 metres.
  • 1929 A German expedition reaches 7,400 m (24,300 ft) on the northeast spur before being turned back by a five-day storm.
  • 1931 A second German expedition again attempts the northeast spur before being turned back by bad weather, illnesses and deaths. The expedition retreats after climbing only a little higher than the 1929 attempt.
  • 1955 Joe Brown and George Band make first ascent on May 25, followed by Norman Hardie and Tony Streather on May 26. The full team complement being George Band, Joe Brown, John Clegg (team doctor), Charles Evans (team leader), Norman Hardie, John Angelo Jackson, Neil Mather, Tom Mackinnon, and Tony Streather. This proved Aleister Crowley's 1905 route was indeed accomplishable.
  • 1977 The second ascent of Kanchenjunga, by an Indian Army team led by Colonel Narinder Kumar. They complete the northeast spur, the difficult ridge that defeated the German expeditions in 1929 and 1931.
  • 1978 A Polish team makes the first successful ascent of the south summit (Kanchenjunga II).
  • 1983 Pierre Beghin makes the first solo ascent and without oxygen.
  • 1986 On January 11, Krzysztof Wielicki and Jerzy Kukuczka, Polish climbers make the first winter ascent.
  • 1991 Marija Frantor and Joze Rozman attempt the first ascent by a woman but their bodies are later found below the summit headwall. The same year, Andrej Stremfelj and Marko Prezelj complete a perfect, technically demanding, elegant alpine style climb up the south ridge of Kanchenjunga to the south summit (8,494 m).
  • 1992 Wanda Rutkiewicz died on a summit attempt after she refused to descend in an approaching storm.
  • 1998 Ginette Harrison becomes the first and only woman to reach the summit.

See Kanchenjunga History for a more detailed account. Image File history File linksMetadata Kanchenjunga_summit_ca. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Kanchenjunga_summit_ca. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1840x1232, 1307 KB) Summary This picture is taken from chudapheri camp view point with Canon EOS300 Camera with canon 28-80 USM lens on fuji pro 100asa film . ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1840x1232, 1307 KB) Summary This picture is taken from chudapheri camp view point with Canon EOS300 Camera with canon 28-80 USM lens on fuji pro 100asa film . ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1930 KB) Summary Picture of Kangchenjunga taken by me from Goecha La pass, 4940m, Sikkim. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1930 KB) Summary Picture of Kangchenjunga taken by me from Goecha La pass, 4940m, Sikkim. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The 1905 Kanchenjunga expedition was a Himalayan mountaineering expedition up Kanchenjunga, a peak easily accessible at the time. ... This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... A rolling thundercloud over Enschede, Netherlands Heavy storm brought by Typhoon Sanvu in Hong Kong. ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Joe Brown (born September 1930) is a English climber, born the seventh and last child of a family in the Manchester suburb of Ardwick. ... George Band (born 1929) is a British mountaineer. ... John Angelo Jackson (March 21, 1921 – July 2, 2005) was a mountaineer, explorer and educationalist. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Jerzy Kukuczka Jerzy Kukuczka(March 24, 1948 - October 24, 1989)- born in Katowice, Poland - Polish alpine and high - altitude climber. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Wanda Rutkiewicz was born on February 2, 1943 in Plungiany, Poland (today Lithuania). ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Ginette Harrison (28 February 1958-24 October 1999) was a professional climber of British origin. ...


In literature

  • In the Swallows and Amazons series of books by Arthur Ransome, a high mountain in the Lake District is given the name Kanchenjunga when it is climbed by the children in 1931. It was based on the actual mountain The Old Man of Coniston. Presumably Ransome used the name as Kanchenjunga was in the news when he wrote the book.
  • In The Epic of Mount Everest, Sir Francis Younghusband writes: " For natural beauty Darjiling (Darjeeling) is surely unsurpassed in the world. From all countries travellers come there to see the famous view of Kangchenjunga, 28,150 feet in height, and only 40 miles distant. Darjiling (Darjeeling) itself is 7,000 feet above sea-level and is set in a forest of oaks, magnolia, rhododendrons, laurels and sycamores. And through these forests the observer looks down the steep mountain-sides to the Rangeet River only 1,000 feet above sea-level, and then up and up through tier after tier of forest-clad ranges, each bathed in a haze of deeper and deeper purple, till the line of snow is reached; and then still up to the summit of Kangchenjunga, now so pure and ethereal we can scarcely believe it is part of the solid earth on which we stand; and so high it seems part of the very sky itself."

Swallows and Amazons is a series of childrens books by English author Arthur Ransome, named after the title of the first book in the series. ... Arthur Ransome (January 18, 1884 – June 3, 1967), was a British author and journalist, best known for writing the Swallows and Amazons series of childrens books, which tell of school-holiday adventures of children, mostly in the Lake District and the Norfolk Broads areas of England. ... The panorama across Eskdale from Ill Crag. ... The Old Man of Coniston is a fell in the English Lake District. ... The Toy Train approaching Darjeeling Darjeeling is a town in the Indian state of West Bengal and headquarters of Darjeeling district, situated in the foothills of the Himalaya at elevations of between 2,000 and 3,000 metres above sea level. ...

External links

Eight-thousanders
EverestK2KanchenjungaLhotseMakaluCho OyuDhaulagiriManasluNanga ParbatAnnapurnaGasherbrum IBroad PeakGasherbrum IIShishapangma

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kanchenjunga - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1019 words)
Kanchenjunga (a number of alternative spellings are used Kangchenjunga which is the correct spelling, Kangchen Dzö-nga, Khangchendzonga, Kanchenjanga, Kachendzonga, or Kangchanfanga) is the third highest mountain in the world and the second highest in Nepal and the highest in India, located in the Taplejung district of Sikkim, straddling the frontier between Nepal and India.
Kanchenjunga was first climbed on May 25, 1955 by George Band and Joe Brown of a British expedition.
Kanchenjunga is known for its famous views from the hill station of Darjeeling.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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