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Encyclopedia > Kamchatka Oblast

Kamchatka Oblast (Russian: Камча́тская о́бласть) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). To the north, it borders the Magadan Oblast and the Chukotka Autonomous District. Koryakia Autonomous District is located in the northern part of the oblast. Image File history File links Kamchatkaja_Oblast_Flag. ... Image File history File links RussiaKamchatka2005. ... Russia is a federation which consists of 89 subjects (Russian: субъект(Ñ‹); English transliteration: subyekty, sing. ... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasÅ¥, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ... The Magadan Oblast is a regional subdivision of Russia, in the Far Eastern Federal District. ... Chukotka Autonomous District (Russian: , tr. ... Koryakia is an autonomous district of Kamchatka Oblast in the Russian Federation. ...


The climate is cold and humid.


Kamchatka's natural resources include coal, gold, mica, pyrites, and natural gas. Coal is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground by underground mining or open-pit mining (strip mining). ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... rock with mica Mica sheet mica flakes The mica group of minerals includes several closely related materials having highly perfect basal cleavage. ... The mineral pyrite, or iron pyrite, is iron disulfide, FeS2. ...


Most of the inhabitants live in the administrative center, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. The main employment sectors are fishing, forestry, tourism (a growing industry), and the military. There is still a large military presence on the peninsula; the home base of Russia's Pacific submarine fleet is across Avacha Bay from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky at the Rybachy base. There are also several air force bases and radar sites in Kamchatka. Petropavlovsk, as seen from Avacha Bay The city of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy (Петропавловск-Камчатский) (pop. ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish. ... A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... Tourist redirects here; for the album by Athlete, see Tourist (album) Tourism is the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and the provision of services for this act. ... HMS Vanguard, a Vanguard-class nuclear ballistic missile (SSBN) submarine HMCS Windsor, a Victoria-class diesel-electric hunter-killer (SSK) submarine HMAS Rankin, a Collins-class diesel-electric guided missile (SSG) submarine USS Virginia, a Virginia-class nuclear attack (SSN) submarine A submarine is a specialized watercraft that can operate... Petropavlovsk and Avacha Volcano, as seen from Avacha Bay Avacha Bay (Russian: ) is a Pacific Ocean bay by the southwestern coast of Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. ... Petropavlovsk, as seen from Avacha Bay The city of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy (Петропавловск-Камчатский) (pop. ...


As of 2002 All-Russian Population Census, the majority of the 358,801 population is Russian (290,108), largest minorities are Ukrainian (20,870) and Koryak (7,328). The northern part of the peninsula is occupied by the Koryakia Autonomous District, where around 6,700 Koryaks live. A small number of Evens also live here. 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... See also: Koryakia Autonomous District Koryaks, a Mongoloid people of northeastern Siberia, inhabiting the coastlands of the Bering Sea to the south of the Anadyr basin and the country to the immediate north of the Kamchatka Peninsula, the southernmost limit of their range being Tigilsk. ... Koryakia is an autonomous district of Kamchatka Oblast in the Russian Federation. ... See also: Koryakia Autonomous District Koryaks, a Mongoloid people of northeastern Siberia, inhabiting the coastlands of the Bering Sea to the south of the Anadyr basin and the country to the immediate north of the Kamchatka Peninsula, the southernmost limit of their range being Tigilsk. ... The Evens (formerly known as the Lamuts) (Эвены in Russian) are a people in Siberia. ...

Contents


Geography

Time zone

Kamchatka Oblast is located in the Kamchatka Time Zone (PETT/PETST). UTC offset is +1200 (PETT)/+1300 (PETST). Image File history File links RTZ11. ... Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time or Z, is an atomic realization of Universal Time (UT) or Greenwich Mean Time, the astronomical basis for civil time. ...

History

Topography of Kamchatka Peninsula
Topography of Kamchatka Peninsula

Russia claimed the Kamchatka Peninsula in the 17th century. Ivan Kamchaty, Simon Dezhnev, the Cossack Ivan Rubetz and other Russian explorers made exploratory trips to the area in the mid-1600s, and returned with tales of a land of fire, rich with fish and fur. In 1697 Vladimir Atlasov, founder of the Anadyr settlement, led a group of 65 Cossacks and 60 Yukaghir natives to investigate the peninsula. He built two forts along the Kamchatka River which became trading posts for Russian fur trappers. From 1704 to 1706 they settled the Cossack colonies of Verkhne- (upper) and Nizhne- (lower) Kamchatsky. Far away from the eye of their masters, the Cossacks mercilessly ruled the indigenous Kamchadal. Excesses were such that the North West Administration in Yakutsk sent Atlasov with the authority (and the cannons) to restore government order, but it was too late. The local Cossacks had too much power in their own hands and in 1711 Atlasov was killed. From this time on, Kamchatka became a self-regulating region, with minimal interference from Yakutsk. By 1713 there were approximately 500 Cossacks living in the area. The cruelty and excesses of these Cossacks were widely known and first provoked dissent, then open revolt from the local inhabitants. Uprisings were common, the largest being in 1731 when the settlement of Nizhnekamchatsky was razed and its inhabitants massacred. The remaining Cossacks regrouped and, reinforced with firearms and cannons, were able to put down the rebellion. It is telling that at the beginning of the 18th century the local native population was estimated at 20,000 but by the 1750s only 8,000 were counted. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (437x761, 43 KB)Topography of Kamchatka Peninsula image description here larger version here Image courtesy: NASA/JPL-Caltech File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (437x761, 43 KB)Topography of Kamchatka Peninsula image description here larger version here Image courtesy: NASA/JPL-Caltech File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Semion Ivanovich Dezhnev (Семён Ива́нович Дежнёв) (circa 1605 – 1673), Russian explorer who led the expedition that doubled the known extent of the easternmost promontory of the Eurasian continent in 1648, discovering that Asia is not connected to Alaska. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with History of the Cossacks. ... Categories: 1600s ... Events September 20 - The Treaty of Ryswick December 2 – St Pauls Cathedral opened in London Peter the Great travels in Europe officially incognito as artilleryman Pjotr Mikhailov Use of palanquins increases in Europe Christopher Polhem starts Swedens first technical school. ... Vladimir Vassilievich Atlasov (according to some accounts - Otlasov) (Атласов (Отласов), Владимир Васильевич in Russian)(born between 1661 and 1664 - died in 1711), Russian explorer, Siberian Cossack. ... Anadyr, Russia Anadyr River Anadyr Gulf Operation Anadyr This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with History of the Cossacks. ... The Yukaghir, or Yukagirs (Юкагиры in Russian; self-designation: одул (odul), деткиль (detkil)) are a people in East Siberia, living in the basin of the Kolyma River. ... A dogs fur usually consists of longer, stiffer, guard hairs—which can be straight, wiry, or wavy, and of various lengths, hiding a soft, short-haired undercoat. ... Events Building of the Students Monument in Aiud, Romania. ... Events March 27 - Concluding that Emperor Iyasus I of Ethiopia had abdicated by retiring to a monastery, a council of high officials appoint Tekle Haymanot I Emperor of Ethiopia May 23 - Battle of Ramillies September 7 - The Battle of Turin in the War of Spanish Succession - forces of Austria and... Kamchadal original inhabitants of the Kamchatka peninsula. ... The tower of ostrog, or fort, in Yakutsk was constructed in 1683. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with History of the Cossacks. ... // Events February 24 - The London premiere of Rinaldo by George Friderich Handel, the first Italian opera written for the London stage. ... // Events April 11 - War of the Spanish Succession: Treaty of Utrecht June 23 - French residents of Acadia given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia Canada first Orrery built by George Graham Ongoing events Great Northern War (1700-1721) War of the Spanish Succession (1702-1713... Events 10 Downing Street becomes the official residence of the United Kingdoms Prime Minister when Robert Walpole moves in. ... Events and Trends Scientific navigation is developed The Seven Years War (1756-1763) fought between two rival alliances: the first consisting of the Kingdom of Great Britain, Hanover, and Prussia; the second consisting of Austria, France, Imperial Russia, Saxony, and Sweden. ...


The founding of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky in 1740 by the Danish explorer Vitus Bering began the "opening" of Kamchatka in earnest, helped by the fact that the government began to use the area as a place of exile. The Russian government encouraged settlement by granting land to newcomers on the peninsula. By 1812 the indigenous population had fallen to fewer than 3,200, while the Russian population had risen to 2,500. In 1854, the French and British, who were battling Russian forces on the Crimean Peninsula, attacked Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. Much to the invaders' surprise, 988 men with a mere 68 guns managed successfully to defend the outpost against 6 ships with 206 guns and 2,540 French and English soldiers. Despite the heroic defense, Petropavlovsk was abandoned as a strategic liability after the Anglo-French forces withdrew. The next year when a second enemy force came to attack the port, they found it deserted. Frustrated, the ships bombarded the city and withdrew. Events May 31 - Friedrich II comes to power in Prussia upon the death of his father, Friedrich Wilhelm I. October 20 - Maria Theresia of Austria inherits the Habsburg hereditary dominions (Austria, Bohemia, Hungary and present-day Belgium). ... Vitus Bering Vitus Jonassen Bering (also, less correctly, Big Breasts) (August 1681–December 19, 1741) was a Danish-born navigator in the service of the Russian Navy, a captain-komandor known among the Russian sailors as Ivan Ivanovich. ... 1812 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1854 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants United Kingdom, France, Ottoman Empire, Sardinia Imperial Russia Commanders Strength 250,000 British 400,000 French 10,000 Sardinian 1,200,000 Russian Casualties 17,500 British 30,000 French 2,050 Sardinian killed and wounded 256,000 killed and wounded {{{notes}}} The Crimean War lasted from 28 March...


The next 50 years were lean ones for Kamchatka. The military naval port was moved to Ust-Amur and in 1867 Alaska was sold to the United States, making Petropavlovsk obsolete as a transit point for traders and explorers on their way to the American territories. In 1860 the Primorski (Maritime) Region was established and Kamchatka was placed under its jurisdiction. In 1875 the Kuril Islands were ceded to Japan in return for Russian sovereignty over Sakhalin. The Russian population of Kamchatka stayed around 2500 until the turn of the century, while the native population increased to 5000. 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Official language(s) English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 1st 663,267 mi² / 1 717 854 km² 808 mi / 1300 km 1,479 mi / 2380 km 13. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... 1875 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... For the political history of the sovereignty conflict, see Kuril Islands dispute. ... Sakhalin (Russian: ), also Saghalien, is a large elongated island in the North Pacific, lying between 45° 50 and 54° 24 N. It is part of the Russian Federation and is its largest island. ...


World War II hardly affected Kamchatka except for its service as a launch site for the liberation of the Kurils in late 1945. After the war, Kamchatka was declared a military zone. Kamchatka remained closed to Russians until 1989 and to foreigners until 1990. World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a large scale military conflict that took place between 1939 and 1945. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX in Roman) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...


Administrative divisions

Districts

Kamchatka Oblast consists of the following districts (raions): See rayon for the textile made of processed cellulose. ...

  • Aleutsky (Алеутский)
  • Bystrinsky (Быстринский)
  • Milkovsky (Милковский)
  • Sobolevsky (Соболевский)
  • Ust-Bolsheretsky (Усть-Большерецкий)
  • Ust-Kamchatsky (Усть-Камчатский)
  • Yelizovsky (Елизовский)

Other uses

Kamchatka is a map section of note in the game of Risk. In the game, armies may cross from Kamchatka to Alaska, making Kamchatka one of the most fought-over territories despite the implausibility of an Arctic war. A typical game of Risk in play. ...


External links

  • ((English)) The Wonders of Kamchatka.
  • ((Russian)) Commander Islands (Komandorskie Ostrova).


Administrative subdivisions of Russia Flag of Russia
Federal subjects
Republics Adygeya | Altai | Bashkortostan | Buryatia | Chechnya | Chuvashia | Dagestan | Ingushetia | Kabardino-Balkaria | Karelia | Khakassia | Komi | Kalmykia | Karachay-Cherkessia | Mari El | Mordovia | North Ossetia-Alania | Sakha | Tatarstan | Tuva | Udmurtia
Krais Altai | Khabarovsk | Krasnodar | Krasnoyarsk1 | Perm | Primorsky | Stavropol
Oblasts Amur | Arkhangelsk | Astrakhan | Belgorod | Bryansk | Chelyabinsk | Chita | Irkutsk2 | Ivanovo | Kaliningrad | Kaluga | Kamchatka3 | Kemerovo | Kirov | Kostroma | Kurgan | Kursk | Leningrad | Lipetsk | Magadan | Moscow | Murmansk | Nizhny Novgorod | Novgorod | Novosibirsk | Omsk | Orenburg | Oryol | Penza | Pskov | Rostov | Ryazan | Sakhalin | Samara | Saratov | Smolensk | Sverdlovsk | Tambov | Tomsk | Tula | Tver | Tyumen | Ulyanovsk | Vladimir | Volgograd | Vologda | Voronezh | Yaroslavl
Federal cities Moscow | St. Petersburg
Autonomous oblast Jewish
Autonomous districts Aga Buryatia | Chukotka | Evenkia1 | Khantia-Mansia | Koryakia3 | Nenetsia | Taymyria1 | Ust-Orda Buryatia2 | Yamalia
  1. On 1 January 2007, Evenkia and Taymyria will be merged into Krasnoyarsk Krai.
  2. A referendum is to be held on 16 April 2006 on merging Ust-Orda Buryatia into Irkutsk Oblast. If the result is in favour, the merger will occur on 1 January 2008.
  3. On 1 July 2007, Kamchatka Oblast and Koryakia will be merged to form Kamchatka Krai.
Federal districts
Central | Southern | Northwestern | Far East | Siberian | Urals | Privolzhsky (Volga)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Protected Areas Programme - (1830 words)
The Southern Kamchatka State Nature Reserve was established in 1975 as a federal nature reserve (zakazanik), under a 1973 agreement between Russia and Japan to protect migratory birds.
The Southern Kamchatka Nature Park and the Southern Kamchatka State Nature Reserve are located in a forested zone, but due to the local relief the vegetation is mountainous in character.
The Kamchatka Peninsula became part of Russia in 1699 and the first description of Kamchatka was given by the explorer S.P. Krashenninnikov in 1742.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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