The Kamchadals (Камчадалы in Russian) is a former name of the Itelmens, the native people of Kamchatka, used in the 18th century. Subsequently, the name applied to the descendants of the Itelmens, i.e. Koryaks and Chuvans, who has assimilated with the Russians. The descendants of the Russian settlers in 18th-19th century were also called Kamchadals. The Kamchadals speak Russian with a touch of Siberian and local dialects. The Kamchadals are engaged in fishing, fur trading, market gardening and dairy farming. The Itelmen are an ethnic group that live on the Kamchatka peninsula in the Russian Federation. ... Kamchatka Oblast, an oblast in Russia. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... See also: Koryakia Autonomous District Koryaks, a Mongoloid people of northeastern Siberia, inhabiting the coastlands of the Bering Sea to the south of the Anadyr basin and the country to the immediate north of the Kamchatka Peninsula, the southernmost limit of their range being Tigilsk. ... The Chuvans (Чуванцы in Russian) are one of the 40 or so less-numerous peoples of the North recognized by the Russian government. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Siberia Siberia (Russian: Сиби́рь, common English transliterations: Sibir, Sibir; possibly from the Mongolian for the calm land) is a vast region of Russia and northern Kazakhstan constituting almost all of northern Asia. ... A dialect (from the Greek word διάλεκτος) is a variety of a language used by people from a particular geographic area. ... Fishing from a Pier Fishing is a term applied to any activity which aims to capture fish or shellfish for subsistence, scientific, commercial or recreational purposes. ... The fur trade was a huge part in the early economic development of North America. ... In agriculture, market gardening is the relatively small-scale production of fruits, vegetables and flowers as cash crops, frequently sold directly to consumers and restaurants. ... Dairy farming is a class of agricultural enterprise, raising female cattle for long-term production of milk, which may be either processed on-site or transported to a dairy for processing and eventual retail sale. ...
The Itelmen, sometimes known as Kamchadal, are an ethnic group who are the original inhabitants living on the Kamchatka peninsula in the Russian Federation.
Theirs was a substantial hunter-gatherer and fishing society with up to fifty thousand natives inhabiting the peninsula before they were decimated by the Cossacks in the eighteenth century.
So much intermarriage took place between the natives and the Cossacks that Kamchadal now refers to the majority mixed population and the term Itelmens is reserved for persisting speakers of the original Kamchadal language (about a thousand).
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