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Encyclopedia > Kaman

Kaman Aircraft was founded in 1945 by Charles Kaman. During the first ten years the company operated exclusively as a designer and manufacturer of several helicopters that set world records and achieved many aviation firsts.


Since 1956 Kaman began to diversify as an aerospace subcontrator of McDonnell Douglas, Grumman and others. In the mid-1960's Kaman diversified outside of the aerospace industry: with the expertise Kaman had gained in composite materials and the end of the need for skilled woodworkers to craft wooden rotor blades, the stage was set for a new venture. Charles Kaman, a guitarist as well as an aerospace pioneer, worked with his engineers and other musicians to create the round-backed, composite-body Ovation guitar, which revolutionized the guitar industry and led to the eventual creation of Kaman Music. Kaman Music is the largest independent distributor of musical instruments and accessories in the United States and a major producer of guitars and guitar parts and accessories.


Under Charles Kaman, Kaman Corporation had a no-layoff policy, something almost unheard in the world of rapidly changing fortunes dependent on defense and aerospace contracts.


Kaman timeline

December 1945 
With $2,000 and his invention of the servo-flap controlled rotor , 26-year-old Charles Kaman founded the company.
January 15, 1947 
K-125 - Kaman's first helicopter
July, 1949 
K-225 - An improved version of the K-125; the U.S. Navy bought two and the Coast Guard one for $25,000 each. Later, they will receive the H-22 designation.
December 1951 
A modified K-225 equipped with a Boeing 502 engine becomes the world's first gas turbine powered helicopter , ushering in the turbine age for helicopters. This aircraft is now at the Smithsonian
1953 
Kaman produced the first electrically powered drone
April 1953 
Ordered for the U.S. Marine Corps, the HOK-1 first flies; Air Force version was the H-43A Huskie
1954 
K-16 A V/STOL designed around a rotoprop
March 1954 
A modified Kaman HTK-1 becomes the world's first twin-turbine powered helicopter
September, 1956 
HH-43 Huskie - A variant of the OH-43, equipped with a Lycoming T-53 gas turbine engine
HH-43B
Rotor diameter: 14.33 m each
Length: 7.62 m
Height: 4.74 m
Weight: 2000 kg - Max: 4150
Engine: 1 Avco Lycoming T53-L-1B of 825 hp
Speed: Max: 190 km/h
Range: 450 km
Service Ceiling: 7600 m
July 1957 
QH-43 - Another modified HTK-1 becomes the world's first remotely piloted vehicle
1958 
K-17 - A cold-tipped jet powered helicopter
K-17
Rotor diameter: 11.3 m
Weight: 430 kg - Max: 900
Engine: 1 Turbomeca Turmo of 600 hp
Speed: Max: 120 km/h
Endurance: 2 hours
Service Ceiling: 1500 m
July 2, 1959 
HU2K-1; later known as UH-2A SeaSprite
March 1960 
Kaman develops and flies the first all composite main rotor blade.
October 1961 
The H-43 Huskie sets an altitude record of 10.000 m and numerous rate of climb records.
During the Korean and Vietnam Wars, the Huskie flew more rescue missions than all other aircraft combined - with the best safety record of any U.S. military aircraft.
1962 
UH-2A / B production begins
January 1964 
First flight of Kaman's experimental Convertiplane equipped with a J-85 engine and wings from a Beechcraft Queen Air. The aircraft achieves speeds of over 320 km/h
1965 
Tomahawk
A Sea Sprite derivate with stub wings and a pair of twin guns side-by-side under the nose.
Kaman's proposal for the US Army 's interim gunship helicopter between the AAFSS ( AH-56 ) and AAH ( AH-64 ) competitions. Lost against the Bell 209 AH-1 HueyCobra
1967 
SeaSprites are modified into twin turbine helicopters
1969 
US Navy begins LAMPS ( Light Airborne Multipurpose System) development to obtain a on board helicopter for escort ships
1971 
SAVER - The Stowable Aircrew Vehicle Escape Rotoseat is the first jet powered autogyro with telescoping rotor blades
May 1973 
SH-2_SeaspriteF Sea Sprite - The LAMPS I enters US Navy service
SH-2F
Rotor diameter: 13.41 m
Length: 16.03 m
Height: 4.72 m
Weight: 3200 kg - Max: 6100
Engine: 2 x GE T58-GE-8F of 1350 hp each
Speed: Max: 240 km/h
Range: 660 km
July 1976 
Kaman designs and begins manufacturing the K-747 blade, the world's first production all-composite rotor blade for the Bell AH-1 Cobra helicopter. Total production exceeds 4,000 blades.
January 1991 
Magic Lantern, a new laser-based mine countermeasures system, is deployed in the Persian Gulf during Operation Desert Storm. It is highly successful in locating mines.
February 1993 
SH-2_SeaspriteG - The new version of the SeaSprite, with new avionics, mission electronics and GE T-700 engines, enters US Navy service
August 1994 
K-1200 K-MAX "aerial truck"
The world's first helicopter specifically designed, tested and certified for repetitive external lift operations and vertical reference flight, an important feature for external load work. The aircraft's narrow profile gives the pilot an unprecedented view of the load looking out either side of the aircraft.
The K-MAX is based on Kaman's unique intermeshing rotor technology with servo-flap control. The aircraft has counter-rotating main rotors and no tail rotor, which allows all engine power to go directly to the main rotors for the highest lifting efficiency of any rotor configuration.
The K-MAX receives FAA certification in record time.
November 1998 
The Egyptian Air Force accepts delivery of its 10th SH-2G Super Seasprite for use in anti-submarine warfare missions, completing the order and becoming the first international customer to operate the aircraft.
August 1999 
New Zealand approves purchase of SH-2G(NZ)
January 2000 
Australian SH-2G(A) begins initial flight testing
January 2001 
U.S. Government purchases 5 K-MAX for Peru

External links

List of Aircraft | Aircraft Manufacturers | Aircraft Engines | Aircraft Engine Manufacturers


Airlines | Air Forces | Aircraft Weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation


  Results from FactBites:
 
Kaman - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (122 words)
Kaman is a city and a municipality in Bharatpur district in the Indian state of Rajasthan.
Kaman has an average literacy rate of 57%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 68%, and female literacy is 44%.
In Kaman, 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Rob Kaman Gallery (2037 words)
Rob kaman was born on the 5th of June 1960 in Amsterdam.
Kaman knocked him out in the 2nd round and showed the Dutch crowd that after all these years he was still the best.
Kaman was an intelligent fighter who was almost always one step ahead of his competition.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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