FACTOID # 4: Just 1% of the houses in Nevada were built before 1939.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Kamakura shogunate
This wooden Kongorikishi statue was created during the Kamakura shogunate during 14th century Japan. It originally guarded the gate to Ebaradera, a temple in Sakai, Osaka.
This wooden Kongorikishi statue was created during the Kamakura shogunate during 14th century Japan. It originally guarded the gate to Ebaradera, a temple in Sakai, Osaka.

The Kamakura shogunate (Japanese: 鎌倉幕府, Kamakura bakufu) was a feudal military dictatorship ruled by the shoguns from 1185 (or 1192, when it was formally recognized) to 1333. Based in Kamakura, Japan, this period draws its name from the capital of the shogunate and is known as the Kamakura period. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (906x1780, 1428 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Kamakura shogunate Sakai, Osaka Kongorikishi ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (906x1780, 1428 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Kamakura shogunate Sakai, Osaka Kongorikishi ... The Diamond-rod wielding Shukongoshin (Agyo), Asakusa Temple, Japan. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Sakai (堺市; -shi) is a city located in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. ... Minamoto no Yoritomo, the first shogun of the Kamakura shogunate For other uses, see Shogun (disambiguation). ... Events April 25 - Genpei War - Naval battle of Dan-no-ura leads to Minamoto victory in Japan Templars settle in London and begin the building of New Temple Church End of the Heian Period and beginning of the Kamakura period in Japan. ... Events End of the Kamakura period and beginning of the Kemmu restoration in Japan. ... Categories: Cities in Kanagawa Prefecture | Japan geography stubs ... The Kamakura period (Japanese: 鎌倉時代, Kamakura-jidai; 1185–1333) is a period of Japanese history that marks the governance of the Kamakura Shogunate; officially established in 1192 by the first Kamakura shogun Minamoto no Yoritomo. ...

Contents

Establishment of the Shogunate

Before the establishment of the Kamakura bakufu, civil power in Japan was primarily held by the ruling emperors and their regents, typically appointed from the ranks of the court and the aristocratic clans that vied there. Military affairs were handled under the auspices of the civil government. However, after defeating the Taira clan in the Battle of Dannoura which ended the Genpei War in his favor, Minamoto no Yoritomo seized power in 1185 and became the de facto ruler of the country. He asserted the primacy of the military side of the government and was given the title of shogun (征夷大将軍) in 1192 while the system of government he established became formalized as the bakufu (literally, tent-government). The Japanese provinces became semi-autonomous under the new protectors (shugo, 守護), the predecessors of the daimyo. Protectors were selected mostly from powerful families in the different provinces, or the title was bestowed upon a general and his family after a successful campaign. Although they managed their own affairs, in theory they were still obliged to the central government through their allegiance to the shogun. The Battle of Dan-no-ura, more commonly known as Dan-no-ura no Tatakai (壇ノ浦の戦い), was a major sea battle of the Genpei War, occurring at Dan_no_ura, in the Shimonoseki Strait off the southern tip of Honshu. ... The Genpei or Gempei War (源平合戦、寿永・治承の乱) (1180-1185) was a war of ancient Japan, fought between the Taira and Minamoto clans. ... Portrait of Yoritomo (copy) Minamoto no Yoritomo May 9, 1147—February 9, 1199) was the founder and the first shogun of the Kamakura Shogunate of Japan, who ruled from 1192 until 1199. ... Events April 25 - Genpei War - Naval battle of Dan-no-ura leads to Minamoto victory in Japan Templars settle in London and begin the building of New Temple Church End of the Heian Period and beginning of the Kamakura period in Japan. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... Minamoto no Yoritomo, the first shogun of the Kamakura shogunate For other uses, see Shogun (disambiguation). ... // Events The Third Crusade ends in disaster. ... Shugo (守護) is an official post named by the Shogun, which oversees a province (kuni) in Japan. ... Daimyo Matsudaira Katamori visits the residence of a retainer. ...


Usurpation of the Shogunate

After Yoritomo's death, Hōjō Tokimasa, the chief of his widow Hōjō Masako's clan and former guardian of Yoritomo, claimed the title of regent to Yoritomo's son Minamoto no Yoriie, eventually making that claim hereditary to the Hōjō clan. The Minamoto remained the titular shoguns for two more dynasties, with the Hōjō holding the real power—thus ruling through a puppet shogun and a titular emperor. The Emperor attempted to reverse the situation in a 1221 rebellion (called the Jōkyū War), but failed to wrest power away from the shogunate. This solidified the hold of the Hōjō family on the shogunate, even to the point of allowing them to pick and choose successors to the title of shogun, which, following the Jōkyū incident, was assigned first to members of the noble Kujo family, and later to members of the imperial household until the end of the Kamakura bakufu. The Mongols under Kublai Khan attempted sea-borne invasions in 1274 and 1281 (see Mongol invasions of Japan); these were successfully repelled by the shogunate with the aid of kamikaze (typhoons), but the strain on the military and the financial expenditures weakened the regime considerably. A second attempt was made by the Imperial court in 1331 under the rule of the Emperor Go-Daigo, and was much more successful, particularly as Kamakura's most powerful general, Ashikaga Takauji, chose to side with the Emperor. Hōjō Tokimasa (北條 時政, 1138-1215) was the first Hōjō shikken (regent) of the Kamakura bakufu and head of the Hōjō clan. ... Hōjō Masako by Kikuchi Yōsai (菊池 容斎) Hōjō Masako (,1156-1225) was the eldest child and eldest daughter of Hōjō Tokimasa by his wife Hōjō no Maki, the first shikken, or regent, of the Kamakura shogunate. ... Minamoto no Yoriie 源頼家 (September 11, 1182 – August 14, 1204) was the second shogun (1202 – 1203) of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan. ... The Hōjō clan (北条氏) in the history of Japan was a family of regents of the Kamakura Shogunate. ... // Events May 13 - End of the reign of Emperor Juntoku, emperor of Japan Emperor ChÅ«kyō briefly reigns over Japan Former Emperor Go-Toba leads an unsuccessful rebellion against the Kamakura Shogunate Emperor Go-Horikawa ascends to the throne of Japan January - Mongol Army under Jochi captures the city of... Combatants Kamakura shogunate and allies warrior families loyal to Go-Toba Commanders Hōjō Yoshitoki Go-Toba JōkyÅ« War ), also known as the JōkyÅ« Disturbance, was fought in Japan between the forces of Retired Emperor Go-Toba and those of the regents of Kamakura Shogunate, the Hōj... Kublai Khan, Khubilai Khan or the last of the Great Khans (September 23, 1215 - February 18, 1294) (Mongolian: Хубилай хаан, Chinese: ; pinyin: HÅ«bìliè Hàn), was a Mongol military leader. ... The Samurai Suenaga facing Mongol arrows and bombs. ... For other uses of the word Kamikaze, see Kamikaze (disambiguation). ... Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004. ... Events September 8 - Stefan Dusan declares himself king of Serbia Start of the reign of Emperor Kogon of Japan, first of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Births Coluccio Salutati, Florentine political leader (died 1406) Deaths January 14 - Odoric, Italian explorer October 27 - Abulfeda, Arab historian and geographer (born 1273) Categories: 1331... Emperor Go-Daigo (後醍醐天皇 Go-Daigo Tennō) (November 26, 1288 – September 19, 1339) was the 96th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. ... Ashikaga Takauji 1305—June 7, 1358) was the founder and first shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate. ...


A member of the Hidatori family, who died in 1332, left a large part of Shikoku in a state of civil war. Ashikaga Takauji brought this war to end. This was the last successful campaign of the Kamakura Shogunate. Events November 7 - Lucerne joins the Swiss Confederation with Uri, Schwyz, and Unterwalden. ... Shikoku (四国, four provinces) is the smallest and least populous (4,141,955 as of 2005) of the four main islands of Japan. ... Ashikaga Takauji 1305—June 7, 1358) was the founder and first shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate. ...


The Kamakura bakufu came to an end in 1333 with the defeat and destruction of the Hōjō clan. This triumph was, however, short-lived, as Ashikaga Takauji promptly assumed the position of shogun himself, establishing the Ashikaga shogunate. The Ashikaga shogunate (Jp. ...

  1. Minamoto no Yoritomo (1147-1199) (r. 1192-1199)
  2. Minamoto no Yoriie (1182-1204) (r. 1202-1203)
  3. Minamoto no Sanetomo (1192-1219) (r. 1203-1219)
  4. Kujo Yoritsune (1218-1256) (r. 1226-1244)
  5. Kujo Yoritsugu (1239-1256) (r. 1244-1252)
  6. Prince Munetaka (1242-1274) (r. 1252-1266)
  7. Prince Koreyasu (1264-1326) (r. 1266-1289)
  8. Prince Hisaaki (1276-1328) (r. 1289-1308)
  9. Prince Morikuni (1301-1333) (r. 1308-1333)

Portrait of Yoritomo (copy) Minamoto no Yoritomo May 9, 1147—February 9, 1199) was the founder and the first shogun of the Kamakura Shogunate of Japan, who ruled from 1192 until 1199. ... Events King Afonso I of Portugal and the Crusaders capture Lisbon from Muslims First written mention of Moscow. ... Events John Lackland, becomes King of England Births Isobel of Huntingdon (d. ... // Events The Third Crusade ends in disaster. ... Events John Lackland, becomes King of England Births Isobel of Huntingdon (d. ... Minamoto no Yoriie 源頼家 (September 11, 1182 – August 14, 1204) was the second shogun (1202 – 1203) of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan. ... Events Canute VI crowned king of Denmark. ... // Events February - Byzantine emperor Alexius IV is overthrown in a revolution, and Alexius V is proclaimed emperor. ... // Events August 1 - Arthur of Brittany captured in Mirebeau, north of Poitiers Beginning of the Fourth Crusade. ... Events April 16 - Philip II of France enters Rouen, leading to the eventual unification of Normandy and France. ... Tree at Hachiman Shrine. ... // Events The Third Crusade ends in disaster. ... // Events Saint Francis of Assisi introduces Catholicism into Egypt, during the Fifth Crusade The Flag of Denmark fell from the sky during the Battle of Lyndanisse Ongoing events Fifth Crusade (1217-1221) Births Christopher I of Denmark (died 1259) Frederick II of Austria (died 1246) Guillaume de Gisors, supposedly the... Events April 16 - Philip II of France enters Rouen, leading to the eventual unification of Normandy and France. ... // Events Saint Francis of Assisi introduces Catholicism into Egypt, during the Fifth Crusade The Flag of Denmark fell from the sky during the Battle of Lyndanisse Ongoing events Fifth Crusade (1217-1221) Births Christopher I of Denmark (died 1259) Frederick II of Austria (died 1246) Guillaume de Gisors, supposedly the... Kujo Yoritsune (九条 頼経 Kujō Yoritsune) (Feburary 12, 1218– September 1, 1256) was the fourth shogun (r. ... // Events Damietta is besieged by the knights of the Fifth Crusade. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... Events Carmelite Order approved by Pope Honorius III Frederick II calls Imperial Diet of Cremona Births June 21 - King Boleslaus V of Poland (died 1279) Abul-Faraj, Syriac scholar (died 1286) Bar-Hebraeus, Syriac historian and bishop (died 1286) Deaths March 7 - William de Longespee, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, English... This article is about the year 1244. ... Kujo Yoritsugu (九条 頼嗣 Kujō Yoritsugu), December 17, 1239 – October 14, 1256, r. ... // Events Births June 17 - King Edward I of England (died 1307) December 17 - Kujo Yoritsugu, Japanese shogun (died 1256) Peter III of Aragon (died 1285) John II, Duke of Brittany (died 1305) Ippen, Japanese monk (died 1289) Deaths March 3 - Vladimir III Rurikovich, Grand Prince of Kiev (born 1187) March... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... This article is about the year 1244. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... Prince Munetaka (宗尊親王) (December 15, 1242–September 2, 1274; r. ... // Events April 5 - During a battle on the ice of Chudskoye Lake, Russian forces rebuff an invasion attempt by the Teutonic Knights. ... Events May 7 - In France the Second Council of Lyons opens to consider the condition of the Holy Land and to agree to a union with the Byzantine church. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... For broader historical context, see 1260s and 13th century. ... Prince Koreyasu (惟康親王) (May 26, 1264–November 25, 1326; r. ... Events May 12 - The Battle of Lewes begins (ends May 14). ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Osman I (1299-1326) to Orhan I (1326-1359) Aradia de Toscano, is initiated into a Dianic cult of Italian Witchcraft (Stregheria), and discovers through a vision that she is the human incarnation of the goddess Aradia. ... For broader historical context, see 1260s and 13th century. ... For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ... Prince Hisaaki (久明親王) (October 19, 1276 – November 16, 1328; r. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... Events Augustiner brew Munich May 1 - Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton - England recognises Scotland as an independent nation after the Wars of Scottish Independence May 12 - Nicholas V is consecrated at St Peters Basilica in Rome by the bishop of Venice. ... For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ... Events Henry VII is elected as king of the Holy Roman Empire. ... Prince Morikuni (守邦親王) (1301–1333; r. ... Events February 7 - Edward of Caernarvon (later King Edward II of England) becomes the first Prince of Wales End of the reign of Emperor Go-Fushimi, emperor of Japan Emperor Go-Nijō ascends to the throne of Japan Dante was sent into Exile in Florence. ... Events End of the Kamakura period and beginning of the Kemmu restoration in Japan. ... Events Henry VII is elected as king of the Holy Roman Empire. ... Events End of the Kamakura period and beginning of the Kemmu restoration in Japan. ...

Effects

This first shogunate had a number of lasting effects. It was an unusually militant government, leading to a rise in the warrior classes, which the previous regime of aristrocratic clans had considered distinctly subordinate and inferior. Bushido would emerge from developments in this time period. Also during this period, Zen, Nichiren, and True Pure Land Buddhism gained more adherents than ever before. Popular literature changed in this period, with monogatari shifting from depicting almost exclusively tragic romantic relationships among nobles to tragically doomed, romantic epics about samurai. Japanese samurai in armor, 1860s. ... A woodblock print by Yoshitoshi, (Japan, 1887) depicting Bodhidharma the founder of Chinese Zen. ... Nichiren Buddhism (日蓮系諸宗派: Nichiren-kei sho shūha) is a branch of Buddhism based on the teachings of the 13th century Japanese monk Nichiren (1222–1282). ... Jōdo Shinshū (浄土真宗 True Pure Land School), also known as Shin Buddhism, was founded by the once Tendai Japanese monk Shinran Shonin. ... Monogatari is a literary form in Japanese literature, an extended prose narrative tale comparable to the epic. ... Japanese samurai in armour, 1860s. ...


See also


 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m