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Encyclopedia > Kalotina

Kalotina (Bulgarian: Калотина) is a village in Dragoman municipality, Sofia Province, in westernmost central Bulgaria. As of 2005 it has 282 inhabitants and the mayor is Mariya Naydenova.GRBulgaria The village is located at the border with Serbia, 55 km to the northwest of the capital Sofia, on the main highway and railway between Western Europe and Asia. Kalotina lies at 42°59′N, 22°52′E, 282 metres above sea level. Dragoman is a small town in the Sofia Province, westertn Bulgaria. ... Sofia province shown within Bulgaria Sofia Province is a province (oblast) of Bulgaria. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian language 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian, English 3 Government Semi-presidential republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 8th century   -  First unified state c. ... Position of Sofia in Bulgaria Coordinates: Country Bulgaria Province Sofia-City Government  - Mayor Boyko Borisov Area  - City 1,349 km²  (520. ... The borders of Western Europe were largely defined by the Cold War. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ...

Kalotina is known for the Kalotina border checkpoint, one of Bulgaria's busiest and best-known due to the proximity to Sofia. The village also has a medieval church dedicated to Saint Nicholas built in the 14th century, during the rule of Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria (as indicated by an inscription in the church). It was richly decorated with murals, although they have been badly preserved. The church donors are thought to have been Deyan and Vladislava from the church in Kučevište, and the church was likely built between 1331 and 1334/7. A border checkpoint is, as its name suggests, a place between borders where the identities of the ongoers or their cargo are evaluated. ... Saint Nicholas (Greek: , Agios Nikolaos, victory of the people) is the common name for Saint Nicholas, Bishop of Myra (in modern day Antalya province, Turkey), who had a reputation for secret gift-giving, but is now commonly identified with Santa Claus. ... Ivan Alexander (Bulgarian: , transliterated Ivan AleksandÇŽr;[1] IPA: ), also known as John Alexander,[2] ruled as Emperor (Tsar) of Bulgaria from 1331 to 1371,[3] during the Second Bulgarian Empire. ...


  • Николова, Бистра (2002). Православните църкви през Българското средновековие IX–XIV в. (in Bulgarian). София: Академично издателство "Марин Дринов". ISBN 954-430-762-1. 



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