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Encyclopedia > Kalman Kahana
Kalman Kahana
Kalman Kahana

Kalman Kahana (Hebrew: קלמן כהנא, born 31 May 1910, died 20 August 1991) was a long-serving Israeli politician and journalist, and head of the Agudat Israel Workers party for its entire existence. Hebrew redirects here. ... May 31 is the 151st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (152nd in leap years), with 214 days remaining. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... August 20 is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Agudat Israel Workers (Hebrew: פועלי אגודת ישראל, Poalei Agudat Yisrael) was a political party in Israel. ...


Background

Kalman was born in Galicia, an area of the Austro-Hungarian Empire now in modern-day Ukraine. He studied Philosophy, Semitic Languages, History and Pedagogy at Berlin University and Würzburg University, eventually gaining a PhD in ; Philosophy. He also graduated as a Rabbi from the Hildsheimer Rabbinical Seminary of Berlin, and was also head of the Haredi Students Organization in the city, as well as being a member of the Young Aguda. Coat-of-arms of Galicia or Galicja Galicia (Ukrainian: , Polish: , German: , Hungarian: , Czech: , Turkish: ) is an historical region in East Central Europe, currently divided between Poland and Ukraine. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin The Humboldt University of Berlin (German Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin) is Berlins oldest university, founded in 1810 as the University of Berlin (Universität zu Berlin) by the liberal Prussian educational reformer and linguist Wilhelm von Humboldt whose university model has strongly influenced... [ recorded in this] The University of Würzburg is a university in Würzburg, Germany, founded in 1402. ... This article is 58 kilobytes or more in size. ... Rabbi, in Judaism, means teacher, or more literally great one. The word Rabbi is derived from the Hebrew root word רַב, rav, which in biblical Hebrew means great or distinguished (in knowledge). Sephardic and Yemenite Jews pronounce this word רִבִּי ribbÄ«; the modern Israeli pronunciation רַבִּי rabbÄ« is derived from a recent (18th...


Kalman immigrated to Mandate Palestine in 1938, settling in the Kibbutz of Hefetz Haim. After immigrating, he became editor of the Shaarim newspaper. Map of the territory under the British Mandate of Palestine. ... Kibbutz Dan, near Qiryat Shemona, in the Upper Galilee, 1990s A kibbutz (Hebrew: ‎; plural: kibbutzim: קיבוצים; gathering or together) is an Israeli collective intentional community. ...


Political career

Kalman soon became involved in politics, becoming a member of the secretariat of the Executive Committee of Agudat Israel Workers, and also sat on the central committee of the international organisation. Eventually he became president of the federation. Agudat Israel Workers (Hebrew: פועלי אגודת ישראל, Poalei Agudat Yisrael) was a political party in Israel. ...


His position as head of the largest Ultra-orthodox workers union meant that he became a member of Provisional State Council, and was one of the people to sign Israel's declaration of independence. Haredi or Charedi Judaism (alternatively Hareidi or Chareidi - this spelling being usually preferred by Haredim themselves) is the most theologically conservative form of Orthodox Judaism. ... David Ben Gurion (First Prime Minister of Israel) publicly pronouncing the Declaration of the State of Israel, May 14, 1948. ...


Kahana was elected to the first Knesset as a member of the United Religious Front, an alliance of Agudat Israel, the political wing of Agudat Israel Workers, Mizrakhi and Mizrakhi Workers. The Elections for the Constituent Assembly were held in newly-independent Israel on 25 January, 1949. ... The United Religious Front (Hebrew: חזית דתית מאוחדת, Hazit Datit Meukhedet) was a political party in Israel. ... Categories: Organization stubs | Israel-related stubs | Israeli political parties | Orthodox Judaism ... Mizrakhi (Hebrew: המזרחי, HaMizrakhi) was a political party in Israel and is one of the ancestors of the modern-day National Religious Party. ... The Mizrakhi Workers party (Hebrew: הפועל המזרחי, Hapoel HaMizrakhi) was a political party in Israel and is one of the ancestors of the modern-day National Religious Party. ...


For the 1951 elections, Agudat Israel Workers stood as an independent party, gaining two seats. Kahana headed the faction in the Knesset, and was appointed Deputy Minister of Education and Culture when the party joined David Ben-Gurion's coalition government. The party was involved in bringing down the third government when it disagreed with Ben-Gurion over the need for strengthening religious education. Despite not being a coalition partner in the fourth, fifth and sixth governments, Kahana retained his Deputy Ministerial position. The Elections for the second Knesset were held on 30 July, 1951. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Prior to the 1955 elections, Agudat Israel Workers merged with Agudat Israel to form the Religious Torah Front. Kahana was elected to the Knesset on the new list. The parties also ran together in the 1959 elections, but split during the Knesset session. The Elections for the third Knesset were held on 26 July, 1955. ... The Religious Torah Front (Hebrew: חזית דתית תורתית, Hazit Datit Toratit) was a political party in Israel. ... The modern Knesset building, Israels parliament, in Jerusalem Though similar-sounding, Beit Knesset (בית כנסת) literally means House of Assembly, and refers to a synagogue. ... The Elections for the fourth Knesset were held on 3 November, 1959. ...


Agudat Israel Workers ran independently in the 1961, 1965 and 1969 elections, with Kahana retaining his seat as head of the party each time. He also regained his position as Deputy Minister of Education and Culture after the 1961 and 1965 elections. The Elections for the fifth Knesset were held on 15 August, 1961. ... The Elections for the sixth Knesset were held on 1 November, 1965. ...


The Religious Torah Front was reformed before the 1973 elections, with Kahana winning election on its list, but split again during the session. Agudat Israel Workers won only one seat in the 1977 elections, and he entered the Knesset alone. The Elections for the ninth Knesset were held on 17 May, 1977. ...


However, the party failed to cross the electoral threshold in the 1981 elections, and Kahana lost his Knesset seat. He retired from politics and passed away ten years later. In party-list proportional representation systems, an election threshold is a clause that stipulates that a party must receive a minimum percentage of votes, either nationally or within a particular district, to get any seats in the parliament. ...


External link

  • Kalman Kahana on the official Knesset website (in English)

 
 

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