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Encyclopedia > Kalimpong
  ?Kalimpong
West Bengal • India
Map indicating the location of Kalimpong
 Kalimpong 
Coordinates: 27°04′N 88°28′E / 27.06, 88.47
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation
1,056.5 km² (408 sq mi)
• 1,247 m (4,091 ft)
District(s) Darjeeling
Population
Density
40,143 (2001)
• 38.01/km² (98/sq mi)
Mayor
Codes
Pincode
Telephone
Vehicle

• 734 301
• +03552
• WB-78, 79

Coordinates: 27°04′N 88°28′E / 27.06, 88.47 Kalimpong (Nepali: कालिम्पोङ) is a hill station (a hill town) nestled in the Shiwalik Hills (or Lower Himalaya) in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is located at 27.06° N 88.47° E at an average elevation of 1,247 m (4,100 feet). The town is the headquarters of the Kalimpong subdivision, a part of the district of Darjeeling. A major forward base of the Indian Army is located on the outskirts of the town. , West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchimbôŋgo) is a state in eastern India. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links India_West_Bengal_locator_map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... The divisions of a district. ... Darjeeling is a district of West Bengal whose headquarters are at the hill station of Darjeeling. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... A dash is a punctuation mark, and is not to be confused with the hyphen, which has quite different uses. ... A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service (similar to the ZIP Code in the United States). ... For the past decade or so, telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Nepali (Khaskura) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in Nepal, Bhutan, and some parts of India and Myanmar (Burma). ... Kalimpong town as viewed from a distant hill. ... The Siwalik Hills (also spelled Shiwalik, Shivalik, or Sivalik) are the southernmost and geologically youngest foothills running parallel to the main Himalayas. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... , West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchimbôŋgo) is a state in eastern India. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... The metre (American English:meter) is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Darjeeling is a district of West Bengal whose headquarters are at the hill station of Darjeeling. ... A military base is a facility directly owned and operated by and/or for the military or one of its branches that shelters military equipment and personnel, and facilitates training and operations. ... The Indian Army is one of the armed forces of India and has responsibility for land-based military operations. ...


Kalimpong is well known for its many educational institutions, which attract students from all over North East India, West Bengal, Bhutan, Nepal, and Bangladesh. Some of these famous good education institutes are Dr. Graham's homes (co-ed, existing for more than 100 years, 500 acres of land), St. Augustine School(only for boys), St. Joseph Convent( for girls only), Rockvale Academy(co-ed). In recent times, Kalimpong has become an important tourist destination owing to its temperate climate and proximity to popular tourist locations in the region. Kalimpong is also famous for its flower market, especially the wide array of orchids. It also houses several Buddhist monasteries which hold a number of rare Tibetan Buddhist scriptures. The Himalayas in Sikkim North-East India is the easternmost region of India consisting of the contiguous Seven Sister States and the state of Sikkim. ... , West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchimbôŋgo) is a state in eastern India. ... For the usage in virology, see temperate (virology). ... Look up flower in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Subfamilies Apostasioideae Cypripedioideae Epidendroideae Orchidoideae Vanilloideae For genera, see list of Orchidaceae genera. ... A silhouette of Buddha at Ayutthaya, Thailand. ... Monastery of St. ... Tibetan Buddhism is the body of religious Buddhist doctrine and institutions characteristic of Tibet, the Himalayan region (including northern Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim and Ladakh), Mongolia, Buryatia, Tuva and Kalmykia (Russia), and northeastern China (Manchuria: Heilongjiang, Jilin). ...

Contents

Name origin

Kalimpong town as viewed from a distant hill. In the background are the Himalayan Mountains.
Kalimpong town as viewed from a distant hill. In the background are the Himalayan Mountains.

The precise etymology of the name Kalimpong remains unclear. The most widely accepted origin of the name Kalimpong is "Assembly (or Stockade) of the King's Ministers" in Tibetan, derived from kalon ("King's ministers") and pong ("stockade").[1] Another possible origin to the name comes from the translation "ridges where we play" from Lepcha, derived from the region's traditional tribal gathering for summer sporting events.[1] People from the hills also call the area Kalibong ("the black spurs").[1] Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Not to be confused with Entomology, the scientific study of insects. ... The Tibetan language is spoken primarily by the Tibetan people who live across a wide area of eastern Central Asia bordering South Asia, as well as by large number of Tibetan refugees all over the world. ... A stockade is an enclosure of palisades and tall walls made of logs placed side by side vertically with the tops sharpened to provide some security. ... Lepcha (ISO/DIS 639-3: lep) is a language spoken by the Lepcha community in Sikkim in India, and parts of Nepal and Bhutan. ...


According to K.P. Tamsang, author of The Untold and Unknown Reality about the Lepchas, the term Kalimpong is deduced from the name Kalenpung, which in Lepcha means "Hillock of Assemblage";[2] in time, the name was distorted to Kaleebung and later corrupted to Kalimpong. Another possible derivation points to Kaulim, a fibrous plant found in profusion in the region.[1] Kaulim is a fibrous plant found in abundance in the Eastern Himalayas. ...


The above etymologies point to the original pronunciation as ka-ley-bong which later got corrupted to Kalimpong, most probably due to the inability of the British to pronounce the word.


History

Morgan House, is a classic example of colonial architecture in Kalimpong.
Morgan House, is a classic example of colonial architecture in Kalimpong.

Until the mid-19th century, the area around Kalimpong was ruled intermittently by the Sikkimese and Bhutanese kingdoms. Present-day Kalimpong is believed to have once been the forward position of the Bhutanese in the 18th century, overlooking the Teesta Valley. The area was sparsely populated by the indigenous Lepcha community and migrant Bhutia and Limbu tribes. After the Anglo-Bhutan War in 1864, the Treaty of Sinchula (1865) was signed in which Bhutanese held territory east of the Teesta River was ceded to the British East India Company. At that time, Kalimpong was a hamlet, with only two or three families known to reside there.[3] The first recorded mention of the town was a fleeting reference made that year by Ashley Eden, a government official with the Bengal Civil Service. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... , Sikkim (also Sikhim) (DevanāgarÄ«: सिक्किम  ) is a landlocked Indian state nestled in the Himalayas. ... The Lepcha (population: 50,000) are the aboriginal inhabitants of present day Sikkim. ... The Bhutias are people of Tibetan origin, who migrated to Sikkim, India and Bhutan some time after the 15th century. ... The Limbu (meaning: archer) or Yakthumba are an ethnic group that belong to the Kiranti group or Kirat confederation that includes the Rai and Sunuwar who are believed to be the descendants of the ancient Mongolian people and are still known as Mongolians in Nepal. ... The Duar War was a war fought between British India and Bhutan in 1864-1865. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... The Teesta River is one of the most scenic rivers in Eastern India. ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was the first joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first to issue public stock). ... Sir Ashley Eden (13 November 1831-8 July 1887) was an Anglo-Indian official and diplomatist, third son of Robert John Eden, 3rd Lord Auckland and bishop of Bath and Wells. ...


After the war, the region was made into a subdivision of the Western Duars district, and the following year it was merged with the district of Darjeeling.[2] The temperate climate prompted the British to develop the town as an alternative hill station to Darjeeling, to escape the scorching summer heat in the plains. Kalimpong's proximity to the Nathula and Jelepla passes, offshoots of the ancient Silk Road, was an added advantage and it soon became an important trading outpost in the trade of furs, wools and food grains between India and Tibet. The increase in population attracted large numbers of migrants from Nepal, leading to a sudden population increase and economic prosperity. The Western Duars are part of the Dwars region of eastern West Bengal, India. ... Darjeeling (Nepali: , Bangla: দার্জিলিং) is a town in the Indian state of West Bengal. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Nathula Pass (also spelt Ntula, Natu La, Nathu la, or Natula) is a pass on the Indo-China border connecting the Indian state of Sikkim with South Tibet. ... Jelepla Pass (also spelt Jelep La) is an all weather pass between India and Tibet. ... The Silk Road Silk Route redirects here. ... A dogs hair usually consists of longer, stiffer, guard hairs—which can be straight, wiry, or wavy, and of various lengths, hiding a soft, short-haired undercoat. ... Long and short hair wool at the South Central Family Farm Research Center in Boonesville, Arizona Wool is the fiber derived from the fur of animals and people of the Caprinae family, principally sheep, but the hair of certain species of other mammals such as goats and rabbits and oxes...


The arrival of Scottish missionaries saw the construction of schools and welfare centres for the British. Rev. W. Macfarlane in the early 1870s established the first schools in the area.[3] The Scottish University Mission Institution was opened in 1886, followed by the Kalimpong Girls High School. In 1900, Reverend J.A. Graham founded the Dr. Graham's Homes for destitute Anglo-Indian students. By 1907, most schools in Kalimpong also started offering education to Indian students. By 1911, the population had swelled to 7,880. Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Cha togar mfhearg gun dioladh (Scottish Gaelic) Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English (de facto) Recognised regional languages Gaelic, Scots1 Demonym Scot, Scots... Two Mormon missionaries A missionary is traditionally defined as a propagator of religion who works to convert those outside that community; someone who proselytizes. ... Dr Grahams Homes is a famous school in the hill station town of Kalimpong in West Bengal, India. ... Anglo-Indians are persons who have descended from a mix of British and Indian parentage. ...


Following India's independence in 1947, Kalimpong became part of the state of West Bengal, after Bengal was partitioned between India and Pakistan. With China's annexation of Tibet in 1959, many Buddhist monks fled Tibet and established monasteries in Kalimpong. These monks also brought many rare Buddhist scriptures with them. In 1962, the permanent closure of the Jelepla Pass after the Sino-Indian War led to a slowdown in Kalimpong's economy, which relied heavily in trade between Tibet and India. In 1976, the visiting Dalai Lama consecrated the Zang Dhok Palri Phodang monastery, which houses many of the scriptures. The Indian independence struggle incorporated the efforts by Indians to liberate the region from British rule and form the nation-state of India. ... Tibet (see Name section below for other spellings) is a plateau region in Central Asia and the indigenous home to the Tibetan people. ... Combatants China India Commanders Zhang Guohua[4] Brij Mohan Kaul Strength 80,000[5][6] Casualties Killed 1,460 (Chinese sources)[7] None captured[8][9][10][11] Wounded 1,697[7] Killed 3,128 (Indian sources)[12] Captured 3,968[2] Wounded 548[13] The Sino-Indian War (Simplified... The 13th Dalai Lama, Thubten Gyatso (1876-1933). ... The Zang Dhok Palri Phodong monastery atop Durpin Hill. ...

Most large houses in Kalimpong were built during the British era. In the background is Mount Kanchenjunga.
Most large houses in Kalimpong were built during the British era. In the background is Mount Kanchenjunga.

Between 1986 and 1988, the demand for a separate state of Gorkhaland and Kamtapur based on ethnic lines grew strong. Riots between the Gorkha National Liberation Front (GNLF), led by C K Pradhan, and the West Bengal government reached a standoff after a forty-day strike. The town was virtually under a siege, leading the state government to call in the Indian army to maintain law and order. This led to the formation of the Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council, a body that was given semi-autonomous powers to govern the district. Though Kalimpong is now peaceful, the issue of a separate state still lingers. In July 2004, the generally tranquil town was catapulted into national and international headlines after Maninder Pal Singh Kohli, a murderer wanted by Scotland Yard, was traced and found to be residing in Kalimpong.[4] View of the Himalaya range from Kalimpong, with the Kanchenjanga visible in the background. ... View of the Himalaya range from Kalimpong, with the Kanchenjanga visible in the background. ... Gorkaland is the name given to the area around Darjeeling and the Duars in north West Bengal in India. ... Kamtapur is a state demanded by the Rajvanshi people of Jalpaiguri district in northern West Bengal, India. ... Gorkha National Liberation Front (GNLF) is a political party in northern West Bengal, India, formed in 1980. ... The Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council (DGHC) is an autonomous body that looks after the District of Darjeeling in the state of West Bengal, India. ... Maninder Pal Singh Kohli (born 1969) is the prime accused in the murder of British teenager Hannah Foster. ... New Scotland Yard, London New Scotland Yard, it blowwsssss often referred to simply as Scotland Yard or The Yard, is the headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service, responsible for policing Greater London (although not the City of London itself). ...


Geography

A view from the Deolo Resort, atop Deolo Hill, Kalimpong's highest point.

The town centre is located on a ridge connecting two hills, Deolo Hill and Durpin Hill, at an elevation of 1,247 m (4,091 feet). Deolo, the highest point in Kalimpong, has an altitude of 1,704 m (5,590 feet) and Durpin Hill is at an elevation of 1,372 m (4,501 feet). The River Teesta flows in the valley below and separates Kalimpong from the state of Sikkim. The Shiwalik Hills, like most of the Himalayan foothills, have steep slopes and soft, loose topsoil, leading to frequent landslides in the monsoon season. The hills are nestled within higher peaks and the snow-clad Himalayan ranges tower over the town in the distance. Mount Kanchenjunga at 8,591 m (28,185 feet) the world's third tallest peak, is clearly visible from Kalimpong. The Deolo Guest House atop the Deolo Hill which overlooks the town of Kalimpong in northern West Bengal, India. ... The Deolo Guest House atop the Deolo Hill which overlooks the town of Kalimpong in northern West Bengal, India. ... A ridge is a geological feature that features a continuous elevational crest for some distance. ... The Deolo Guesthouse atop the Deolo Hill. ... Durpin Hill is one of the two hills (the other being Deolo Hill) connected by a ridge on which the town of Kalimpong stands. ... The Teesta River is one of the most scenic rivers in Eastern India. ... The Siwalik Hills (also spelled Shiwalik, Shivalik, or Sivalik) are the southernmost and geologically youngest foothills running parallel to the main Himalayas. ... Landslide of soil and regolith in Pakistan A landslide is a geological phenomenon which includes a wide range of ground movement, such as rock falls, deep failure of slopes and shallow debris flows. ... Monsoon in the Vindhya mountain range, central India A monsoon is a rainy season which lasts for several months and has lasting climatic effects. ... Kanchenjunga (a number of alternative spellings are used Kangchenjunga which is the correct spelling, Kangchen Dzö-nga, Khangchendzonga, Kanchenjanga, Kachendzonga, or Kangchanfanga) is the third highest mountain in the world and the second highest in Nepal and the highest in India, located in the Taplejung district of Sikkim, straddling the...

View of the Himalaya range.
View of the Himalaya range.

Kalimpong has five distinct seasons: spring, summer, autumn, winter and the monsoons. Summers are mild, with the highs usually never crossing 30 °C (86 °F), and last between May and June. Summers are followed by the monsoon rains which lash the town between June and September. The monsoons are severe, often causing landslides which sequester the town from the rest of India. Winter lasts from December to February, with the maximum temperature being around 15 °C (59 °F). During the monsoon and winter seasons, Kalimpong is often enveloped by fog. The annual temperature ranges from a high of 30 °C to a low of −4 °C (25 °F). Image:Kalimpong 02. ... Image:Kalimpong 02. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Winter is one of the four seasons of temperate zones. ... Monsoon in the Vindhya mountain range, central India A monsoon is a rainy season which lasts for several months and has lasting climatic effects. ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... Fahrenheit is a temperature scale named after the German-Dutch physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736), who proposed it in 1724. ... Golden Gate Bridge in Fog Evening fog obscures Londons Tower Bridge from passers by. ...


Many locales in Kalimpong are named based on its distance in miles from Teesta Bazaar, a town which lies on the Teesta River in the valley below. For example, the locale 13th mile would be situated at a distance of 13 miles (21 km) from Teesta Bazaar. Teesta Bazaar is a junction on National Highway 31A on the Siliguri-Gangtok highway in the state of West Bengal, India. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... “km” redirects here. ...


Economy

Oranges grown in the hillsides are exported to many parts of India.
Oranges grown in the hillsides are exported to many parts of India.

The most significant contributor to the Kalimpong economy is tourism. The summer and spring seasons are the most popular with tourists, keeping many of Kalimpong's residents employed directly and indirectly. Download high resolution version (1024x768, 753 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 753 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


Farming on terraced slopes is a major source of livelihood for its rural populace and it supplies the town with fruits and vegetables. Education used to be the primary driver of the economy of the town but in recent years its contributions to the economy have stagnated. Terraced vineyards near Lausanne The Incan terraces at Písac are still used today. ...


Many establishments cater to the Indian army base near the town, providing it with essential supplies. Small contributions to the economy come by the way of the sale of traditional arts and crafts of Sikkim and Tibet. Government efforts related to sericulture, seismology, fisheries etc. provide a steady source of employment to many of its residents. Kalimpong is well known for its flower export industry[5] – especially for its wide array of indigenous orchids and gladioli. The Indian government's proposal[6] to reopen the Nathula and Jelepla passes in April 2006 will significantly boost the economy, as Kalimpong lies on historic trade routes. , Sikkim (also Sikhim) (DevanāgarÄ«: सिक्किम  ) is a landlocked Indian state nestled in the Himalayas. ... Tibet (see Name section below for other spellings) is a plateau region in Central Asia and the indigenous home to the Tibetan people. ... Sericulture is the rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk. ... Seismology (from the Greek seismos = earthquake and logos = word) is the scientific study of earthquakes and the propagation of elastic waves through the Earth. ... A fishery (plural: fisheries) is an organized effort by humans to catch fish or other aquatic species, an activity known as fishing. ... Subfamilies Apostasioideae Cypripedioideae Epidendroideae Orchidoideae Vanilloideae For genera, see list of Orchidaceae genera. ... Species About 260, see text Gladiolus (from Latin, the diminutive of gladius, a sword), sometimes called the sword lily, is a genus of flowering plants, iris family (Iridaceae). ... ...


The economic mainstay of Kalimpong is its many schools. These schools besides imparting education to the locals also cater to a significant number of students from the plains, the neighbouring state of Sikkim and also foreign countries such as Bhutan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Thailand. Besides providing livelihood to those directly involved with education, such as teachers, paying guest-keepers and other school staff, they also provide a good source of income to book sellers, hawkers, canteen wallahs, restaurant owners, garment sellers and drivers. In fact during the winters when schools shut for vactions, the economy of the town goes into a low scale hibernation mode.


Transport

National Highway 31A winds along the banks of the river Teesta near Kalimpong.
National Highway 31A winds along the banks of the river Teesta near Kalimpong.

Most people live fairly close to the market and so they walk between their homes and the market. Those staying far from the town centre own vehicles or rely on local share-taxis to travel to their destinations. Taxis for exclusive use around the city are also available. Four wheel drives are the most popular means of transport, as they can easily navigate the steep slopes in the region. Download high resolution version (1024x768, 1089 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 1089 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Four wheel drive or 4x4, is a type of four wheeled vehicle drivetrain configuration that enables all four wheels to receive power from the engine simultaneously in order to provide maximum traction. ...


The nearest airport is Bagdogra Airport near Siliguri located at a distance of 80 km (50 miles), while the nearest railhead connecting the rest of India is New Jalpaiguri, located on the outskirts of Siliguri. Kalimpong is located off the National Highway 31-A, which links Siliguri to Gangtok. Bagdogra airport is a civilian airport at a distance of about eighteen kilometres from the city of Siliguri in northern West Bengal, India. ... , Siliguri   (Bengali: শিলিগুড়ি) is a rapidly developing metropolis in the Indian state of West Bengal. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... New Jalpaiguri is a sister city of the city of Siliguri in Indias state of West Bengal. ...


Demographics

As of 2001 India census,GRIndia Kalimpong had a population of 42,980. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Kalimpong has an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 84%, and female literacy is 73%. In Kalimpong, 8% of the population is under 6 years of age. 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ...


Civic administration

Kalimpong is the headquarters of the Kalimpong division, a part of the Darjeeling district. The district is governed by the Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council (DGHC), a semi-autonomous body set up by the West Bengal government. Kalimpong elects eight councillors to the DGHC. The town is divided into twenty-three municipal wards by the local municipality, while the rural area is composed of forty-seven gram panchayats. There are three blocks in Kalimpong. The Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council (DGHC) is an autonomous body that looks after the District of Darjeeling in the state of West Bengal, India. ... Gram Panchayats are local government bodies at the village level in India. ...


Kalimpong's municipality is in charge of the infrastructure of the town such as potable water and roads. Two lakes atop Deolo Hill provide potable water to the town. Owing to severe rains that wash away most of the surface, the condition of the roads is poor. The state electricity board provides electricity to Kalimpong and although the town doesn't face power shortfalls, the electrical supply is unstable, so voltage stabilisers are necessary. Street lighting is available only in the main town centre. The Public Works Department is responsible for the road connecting the town to the National Highway–NH-31A. Drinking water This article focuses on water as we experience it every day. ... The article on electrical energy is located elsewhere. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Linear regulator. ... The 95-km long Mumbai-Pune Expressway National Highways in India is the class of roads maintained by the Central Government and is the main long-distance roadways. ...


A district magistrate presides over the Kalimpong division. Kalimpong has a small police department with a lock-up. Most criminals are taken to the Darjeeling, the district headquarters for trial.


People and culture

The Zang Dhok Palri Phodong monastery atop Durpin Hill.
The Zang Dhok Palri Phodong monastery atop Durpin Hill.

The majority of the populace are ethnic Nepali, having migrated to Kalimpong in search of jobs while it was under British rule. The Buddhist communities of the then Gorkha kingdom of Nepal like the Tamangs too had close contacts with the Buddhist communities of Darjeeling Hills and many families mostly that of monks settled in the Darjeeling area with the permission of the Lepcha and Bhutanese rulers and chiefs, there are many such families in the region. The oppressed ethnic communities of Nepal belonging to the Kami, Damai and Sarki people also migrated in large numbers to the region during the time of the reign of the Gurkha kings in Nepal to escape the tyranny and the Brahmanical rule of the Gurkha kings. Indigenous ethnic groups include the Newars, Lepchas, Bhutia, Sherpas, Rais, Tamangs, Yalmoos, Bhujels, Sunuwars, Gurungs, Damais, Kamais and the Limbus. The other non-native communities are the Bengalis, Marwaris, Anglo-Indian, Chinese, Biharis and Tibetans who escaped to Kalimpong after fleeing the Communist Chinese invasion of Tibet. Kalimpong is the closest Indian town to Bhutan's western border, and has a small number of Bhutanese nationals residing here. Hinduism is the largest religion followed by Buddhism and Christianity. Islam has a minuscule presence in this region, with a mosque in the bazaar area. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Motto जननी जन्मभूमिष्च स्वर्गादपि गरीयसी  (Sanskrit) Mother and motherland are dearer than the heavens Anthem Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka Capital (and largest city) Kathmandu (Nepal Bhasa:येँ) Official languages Nepali Government Interim government  -  King Gyanendra1  -  Interim Head of State Girija Prasad Koirala  -  Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala Unification December 21, 1768  Area  -  Total 147,181... Kami (Nepali: कामी) is a Dalit community from Nepal which belongs to Indo-Aryan ethnic group. ... Miji lady The Miji, who are also known as Sajolang or Damai, inhabit in the districts of West Kameng and East Kameng in Arunachal Pradesh. ... Sarki is respected family caste in Pakistan. ... The Newar are the indigenous ethnolinguistic group of Nepals Kathmandu valley. ... The Lepcha (population: 50,000) are the aboriginal inhabitants of present day Sikkim. ... The Bhutias are people of Tibetan origin, who migrated to Sikkim, India and Bhutan some time after the 15th century. ... The word Sherpa originally referred to an ethnic group from the most mountainous region of Niple, high into the Himalayas (although many of them now live in India). ... Selected ethnic groups of Nepal; Bhotia, Sherpa, Thakali Gurung Kiranti, Rai, Limbu Newari Pahari Tamang Mankhim (Tample) of Rai at Aritar, Sikkim The Rai, also known as the Khambu, is one of Nepal’s most ancient indigenous ethnolinguistic groups. ... The Tamang (also known as Murmi) are one of the several ethnic groups living in Nepal descended from Tibeto-Burman origins. ... Selected ethnic groups of Nepal; Bhotia, Sherpa, Thakali Gurung Kiranti, Rai, Limbu Newari Pahari Tamang The Gurung is an ethnic group from the Central region of Nepal. ... Miji lady The Miji, who are also known as Sajolang or Damai, inhabit in the districts of West Kameng and East Kameng in Arunachal Pradesh. ... Kamais are a Himalayan people who are Aryan in origin. ... The Limbu (meaning: archer) or Yakthumba are an ethnic group that belong to the Kiranti group or Kirat confederation that includes the Rai and Sunuwar who are believed to be the descendants of the ancient Mongolian people and are still known as Mongolians in Nepal. ... The Bengali people are the ethnic community from Bengal (divided between India and Bangladesh) on the Indian subcontinent with a history dating back four millennia. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Anglo-Indians are persons who have descended from a mix of British and Indian parentage. ... , Bihar (Hindi: बिहार, Urdu: بہار, IPA: ,  ) is a state of the Indian union situated in north India. ... The Tibetan people are a people indigenous to Tibet and surrounding areas stretching from Central Asia in the West to Myanmar and China in the East. ... The Communist Party of China (CPC) (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China, a position guaranteed by the countrys constitution. ... Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages[1]) is a religious tradition[2] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... A silhouette of Buddha at Ayutthaya, Thailand. ... Christianity percentage by country, purple is highest, orange is lowest Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ...


Popular festivals include Diwali, Christmas, Dussera or dasain in the local nepali dialect and the Buddhist festival of Losar. Languages spoken in Kalimpong include Nepali, which is the predominant language; Lepcha, Limbu, Tamang, Kirat, Hindi, English and Bengali. Soccer, Cricket and Archery are the most popular sports in Kalimpong. The most popular snack in Kalimpong is the momo, steamed dumplings made up of pork, beef or vegetable cooked in a wrapping of flour and served with watery soup. Wai-Wai is a packaged snack comprising of noodles which are eaten either dry or in soup form. Churpee, a kind of hard cheese made from cow's or yak's milk is sometimes chewed. A form of noodle called Thukpa, served in soup form is also popular in Kalimpong. There are a large number of restaurants which offer a wide variety of cuisines, ranging from Indian to continental, to cater to the tourists. Tea is the most popular beverage in Kalimpong, procured from the famed Darjeeling tea gardens. Diwali, also called Deepavali, is a major Indian festival that is very significant in Hinduism, Sikhism and Jainism. ... Christmas is an annual holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Losar (Tibetan: ལོ་གསར་; Wylie: lo gsar) is the Tibetan word for new year. ... Nepali (Khaskura) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in Nepal, Bhutan, and some parts of India and Myanmar (Burma). ... The Lepcha (population: 50,000) are the aboriginal inhabitants of present day Sikkim. ... The Limbu (meaning: archer) or Yakthumba are an ethnic group that belong to the Kiranti group or Kirat confederation that includes the Rai and Sunuwar who are believed to be the descendants of the ancient Mongolian people and are still known as Mongolians in Nepal. ... The Tamang (also known as Murmi) are one of the several ethnic groups living in Nepal descended from Tibeto-Burman origins. ... Kirant or Kirat refers to the Kiranti group or Kirat confederation that includes the Rai, Limbu and Sunuwar ethnic groups of Nepal. ... Hindi ( , Devanagari: or , IAST: , IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is the official language of the Union along with English. ... Indian English refers to the dialects or varieties of English spoken primarily in India, and/or by first generation Indian diaspora elsewhere in the world. ... Bengali or Bangla (IPA: ) is an Indo-Aryan language of the eastern Indian subcontinent, evolved from the Magadhi Prakrit, Pāli and Sanskrit languages. ... Football is a ball game played between two teams of eleven players, each attempting to win by scoring more goals than their opponent. ... Bowler Shaun Pollock bowls to batsman Michael Hussey. ... It has been suggested that Primitive Archery be merged into this article or section. ... This page has been successfully copied to the Wikibooks Cookbook using the Import tool. ... Two halves of pork being delivered Pork is the culinary name for meat from pigs. ... For other uses, see Beef (disambiguation). ... Wai Wai (Nepali वाई वाई) is a very popular brand of instant noodles produced by CG Foods in Nepal and India. ... Churpee is a kind of cheese eaten in the Eastern Himalayas. ... COW is an acronym for a number of things: Can of worms The COW programming language, an esoteric programming language. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1766 Subspecies Bos grunniens grunniens Bos grunniens mutus The yak (Bos grunniens) is a long-haired humped domestic bovine found in Tibet and throughout the Himalayan region of south Central Asia, as well as in Mongolia. ... A glass of cows milk. ... Look up Noodle in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Tea leaves in a Chinese gaiwan. ... Darjeeling tea has traditionally been prized above all other black teas, especially in the UK and the countries comprising the former British Empire. ...


The cultural centres in Kalimpong include, the Lepcha Museum and the Zang Dhok Palri Phodong monastery. The Lepcha Museum, situated a kilometre away from the town centre showcases the culture of the Lepcha community, the indigenous peoples of Sikkim. The Zang Dhok Palri Phodong monastery has 108 volumes of the Kangyur, and belongs to the Yellow Hat sect of Buddhism. The Kangyur are a collection of Sanskrit classics that date back to the times of Buddha. ... The Geluk or Gelug (Wylie transliteration: Dge-lugs, Tibetan: དགེ་ལུགས་པ་) school of Buddhism was founded by Tsongkhapa (1357-1419), a philosopher and tibetan religious leader. ...


Media and education

Kalimpong receives almost all the television channels that are received in the rest of India. Cable Television serves most of the homes in the city, while satellite television is more common in the outlying areas. Besides mainstream Indian channels, Kalimpong also receives local Nepali language channels. Newspapers in Kalimpong include English language dailies, The Statesman and The Telegraph, which are printed in Siliguri, and The Hindu and the Times of India which are printed in Kolkata (Calcutta), and are received after a day's delay. In addition to these one can also find a few Nepali, Hindi and Bengali language newspapers.Though all major publications are available in Kalimpong the largest circulated is a local English periodical by the name of Himalayan Times which is published both in English and Nepali. The English edition is a must read for all when in Kalimpong for its highly informative content and fearless writings Satellite television is television delivered by way of communications satellites, as compared to conventional terrestrial television and cable television. ... Established in 1875, The Statesman is among the leading daily newspapers of India. ... This article deals with The Daily Telegraph in Britain, see The Daily Telegraph (Australia) for the Australian publication The Daily Telegraph is a British broadsheet newspaper founded in 1855. ... The Hindu is a leading English-language newspaper in South India, with its largest base of circulation in Tamil Nadu. ... The Times of India, often abbreviated as TOI, is one of Indias leading daily newspapers, owned and managed by Bennett, Coleman & Co. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ...


Internet cafés are well established in the main market area, mostly served through dialup lines. BSNL provides a limited form of broadband connectivity of up to 128 kbit/s with DIAS (Direct Internet Access Service) connections. The public radio station, All India Radio is the only radio channel received in Kalimpong. The area is well serviced by local cellular companies such as BSNL, Reliance Infocomm, Hutch and Airtel. An Internet café or cybercafé is a place where one can use a computer with Internet access for a fee, usually per hour or minute; sometimes one can have unmetered access with a pass for a day or month, etc. ... In telecommunication, the term dial-up has the following meanings: Dial-up access, typically to the Internet A service feature in which a user initiates service on a previously arranged trunk or transfers, without human intervention, from an active trunk to a standby trunk. ... Logo BSNL or Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited is Indias largest Communication Service Provider (CSP), and seventh largest in the world. ... Broadband in telecommunications is a term which refers to a signaling method which includes or handles a relatively wide range of frequencies which may be divided into channels or frequency bins. ... A kilobit per second (kbit/s or kbps or kBaud) is a unit of data transfer rate equal to 1,000 bits per second. ... For the electronica band, see All India Radio (band). ... Motorola T2288 mobile phone A mobile phone is a portable electronic device which behaves as a normal telephone whilst being able to move over a wide area (compare cordless phone which acts as a telephone only within a limited range). ... Logo BSNL or Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited is Indias largest Communication Service Provider (CSP), and seventh largest in the world. ... Reliance Infocomm is an Indian telecommunications company, and is the brainchild of Mukesh Ambani, CMD, Reliance Industries. ... Hutch is a national cellular operator in India. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Bharti Televentures. ...


There are fifteen major schools in Kalimpong, the most notable among them being Dr. Graham's Homes, St. Augustine's School, Rockvale Academy, St Joseph's Convent, and Springdale Academy. The Scottish Universities Mission Institution was the first school that was opened in 1886. Schools offer education up to class 10, following which students may choose to join a Junior College or carry on with an additional two years of schooling. The Kalimpong College and the Cluny Women's College are the main colleges in the town. Both of them are affiliated to the North Bengal University. Most students however, choose to further their studies in Siliguri and Calcutta. The Tharpa Choling Monastery, near Kalimpong is an educational institute that imparts religious training to young Buddhist monks. Dr Grahams Homes is a famous school in the hill station town of Kalimpong in West Bengal, India. ... St. ... For the Indian grade 11 and 12 schools, see Junior College A junior college is a two-year post-secondary school whose main purpose is to provide a method of obtaining academic, vocational and professional education. ... The Tharpa Choling Monastery is a Buddhist monastery near Kalimpong in West Bengal, India. ...


Flora and fauna

Heliconia.
Heliconia.

The area around Kalimpong lies in the Eastern Himalayas, which is classified as an ecological hotspot, one of only three among the Ecoregions of India. Acacia is the most commonly found specie at lower altitudes, while Cinnamon, ficus, bamboo, cacti and Cardamom, are found in the hillsides around Kalimpong. The forests found at higher altitudes are made up of pine trees and other evergreen alpine vegetation. Seven species of rhododendrons are found in the region east of Kalimpong. The temperate deciduous forests include oak, birch, maple and alder. Three hundred species of orchid are found around Kalimpong, and Poinsettia and sunflower are some of the wild species that line the roads of Kalimpong. Download high resolution version (768x1024, 527 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (768x1024, 527 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Species See text. ... A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that is both a significant reservoir of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. ... Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests Andaman Islands rain forests (India) Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests (India) Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests (India, Myanmar) Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests (India) Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests (Bhutan, India, Nepal) Malabar Coast moist forests (India) Maldives-Lakshadweep-Chagos Archipelago tropical moist forests... Species About 1,300; see List of Acacia species Acacia is a genus of shrubs and trees belonging to the subfamily Mimosoideae of the family Fabaceae, first described in Africa by the Swedish botanist Linnaeus in 1773. ... Binomial name J.Presl Cassia (Chinese cinnamon) is also commonly called (and sometimes sold as) cinnamon. ... “Fig” redirects here. ... Diversity Around 91 genera and 1,000 species Subtribes Arthrostylidiinae Arundinariinae Bambusinae Chusqueinae Guaduinae Melocanninae Nastinae Racemobambodinae Shibataeinae See the full Taxonomy of the Bambuseae. ... This article is about the desert plant. ... Genera Amomum Elettaria The name cardamom is used for herbs within two genera of the ginger family Zingiberaceae, namely Elettaria and Amomum. ... Subgenera Subgenus Strobus Subgenus Ducampopinus Subgenus Pinus See Pinus classification for complete taxonomy to species level. ... ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ... For the climate of the mountains named the Alps, see climate) for a region above the tree-line. ... Subgenera Azaleastrum Candidastrum Hymenanthes Mumeazalea Pentanthera Rhododendron Therorhodion Tsutsusi Source: RBG, Edinburgh Rhododendron (from the Greek: rhodos, rose; dendron, tree) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Ericaceae. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus (from Latin oak tree), and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... Species Many species; see text and classification Birch is the name of any tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. ... Distribution Species See List of Acer species Maples are trees or shrubs in the genus Acer. ... Species About 20-30 species, see text. ... Binomial name Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. ... Binomial name L. The sunflower (Helianthus annuus) is an annual plant native to the Americas in the family Asteraceae, with a large flowering head (inflorescence). ...

Cacti grown in Kalimpong.
Cacti grown in Kalimpong.

The Red Panda, Himalayan Black Bear, Clouded Leopard, Siberian Weasel, Asiatic black bear, barking deer, Himalayan Tahr, goral, gaur and pangolin are some of the fauna found near Kalimpong. Avifauna of the region include the Himalayan Griffon Vulture, Monal pheasant, hornbills, Black Baza, Besra, Eurasian Sparrowhawks and the Kalij Pheasant. Download high resolution version (768x1024, 696 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (768x1024, 696 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Binomial name F. Cuvier, 1825 Red Panda range subspecies The Red Panda, Ailurus fulgens (shining cat, from a Latinized form of the Greek αίλουρος, ailouros, cat, and the participial form of the Latin fulgere, to shine) [1] is a mostly herbivorous mammal, slightly larger than a domestic cat (55 cm long). ... Binomial name (G. Cuvier, 1823) Thibetanus bear range Synonyms Selenarctos thibetanus The Asiatic Black Bear (Ursus thibetanus or Selenarctos thibetanus), also known as the Tibetan black bear, the Himalayan black bear, or the moon bear, is a medium sized, sharp-clawed, black-coloured bear with a distinctive white or cream... Binomial name Neofelis nebulosa (Griffith, 1821) Range map Synonyms Felis macrorcelis Felis marmota The Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) is a medium-sized cat, 55 to 110 cm (2 ft to 3 ft 6 in) long and weighing between 11 and 23 kg (25 to 50 lb). ... Binomial name Mustela sibirica Pallas, 1773 The Siberian Mountain Weasel, also known as the Siberian Weasel, Kolinsky or Himalayan Weasel, is a rust coloured relative of the weasel. ... Binomial name (G. Cuvier, 1823) Thibetanus bear range Synonyms Selenarctos thibetanus The Asiatic Black Bear (Ursus thibetanus or Selenarctos thibetanus), also known as the Tibetan black bear, the Himalayan black bear, or the moon bear, is a medium sized, sharp-clawed, black-coloured bear with a distinctive white or cream... Species See text. ... Binomial name Hemitragus jemlahicus (H. Smith, 1826) Himalayan Tahr Young Himalayan Tahr The Himalayan Tahr (Hemitragus jemlahicus) is a large ungulate and a close relative to the wild goat, with its habitat in the rugged wooded hills and mountain slopes of the Himalaya from northern India to Tibet, They spend... Species Nemorhaedus goral Nemorhaedus caudatus Nemorhaedus baileyi Nemorhaedus crispus Nemorhaedus swinhoei Nemorhaedus sumatraensis The genus Nemorhaedus includes six small species of ungulate with a goat-like or antelope-like appearance. ... Binomial name Bos gaurus H. Smith, 1827 Range map The Gaur (IPA gauɹ) (Bos gaurus, previously Bibos gauris) is a large, dark-coated ox of South Asia and Southeast Asia. ... Species Manis culionensis Manis gigantea Manis temminckii Manis tricuspis Manis tetradactyla Manis crassicaudata Manis pentadactyla Manis javanica Pangolins (pronounced ) or scaly anteaters are mammals in the order Pholidota. ... “Aves” redirects here. ... Binomial name Gyps himalayensis Hume, 1869 The Himalayan Griffon Vulture, Gyps himalayensis, is an Old World vulture in the family Accipitridae, which also includes eagles, kites, buzzards and hawks. ... Binomial name A Monal is a bird of genus Lophophorus of the Pheasant family, Phasianidae. ... Genera Aceros Anorrhinus Anthracoceros Buceros Bucorvus Ceratogymna (=Bycanistes) Ocyceros Penelopides Tockus Hornbills (Family Bucerotidae) are a group of birds whose bill is shaped like a cows horn, but without a twist, sometimes with a casque on the upper mandible. ... Binomial name Aviceda leuphotes (Dumont, 1820) The Black Baza (Aviceda leuphotes) is a small sized kite found in the Eastern Himalayas. ... Binomial name Accipiter virgatus Temminck, 1822 The Besra, Accipiter virgatus, is a bird of prey in the family Accipitridae which also includes many other diurnal raptors such as eagles, buzzards and harriers. ... Binomial name Accipiter nisus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus) is a small bird of prey in the family Accipitridae which also includes many other diurnal raptors such as eagles, buzzards and harriers. ... Binomial name Lophura leucomelanos (Latham, 1790) The Kalij Pheasant (Lophura leucomelana) is a pheasant found in the foothills of the Himalaya. ...


Kalimpong also has over forty-six nurseries which mainly cultivate gladioli which account for 80%[7] of India's production and orchids, which are exported to many parts of the world. The Nature Interpretation Centre and the Rishi Bankim Chandra Park are two ecological museums within Kalimpong. Species About 260, see text Gladiolus (from Latin, the diminutive of gladius, a sword), sometimes called the sword lily, is a genus of flowering plants, iris family (Iridaceae). ... Subfamilies Apostasioideae Cypripedioideae Epidendroideae Orchidoideae Vanilloideae For genera, see list of Orchidaceae genera. ...


Kalimpong in Literature

Kalimpong is the setting for Kiran Desai's Man Booker Prize winning novel, The Inheritance of Loss. The novel, set in the 1980s, tells the story of a retired judge's family and their neighbours, with the Nepalalese insurgent movement led by the GNLF featured prominently. It was reported that the inhabitants of Kalimpong were angered by what were allegedly negative stereotypes of Indian Nepalese people in the novel. Kiran Desai (born 3 September 1971) [1] is a South Asian American author. ... The Man Booker Prize for Fiction, also known in short as the Booker Prize, is a literary prize awarded each year for the best original full-length novel, written in the English language, by a citizen of either the Commonwealth of Nations or the Republic of Ireland. ... The Inheritance of Loss is a novel by Kiran Desai, first published in 2006 and winner of the Man Booker Prize that year. ... Gorkha National Liberation Front (GNLF) is a political party in northern West Bengal, India, formed in 1980. ...


Citations

  1. ^ a b c d Kalimpong. sikkiminfo.net. Sikkim Computers & Systems(P.) Ltd.. Retrieved on 2007-02-17.
  2. ^ a b History of kalimpong. Darjeelingnews.net. Darjeeling News Service. Retrieved on 2007-02-17.
  3. ^ a b Banerjee, Partha S (19 May 2002). A quiet hill retreat, far from the tourist crowd. Spectrum, The Tribune. The Tribune Trust. Retrieved on 2007-02-17.
  4. ^ Wife duped by murder fugitive, Peter Foster, Sunday Times (South Africa), Sunday, 2004-07-25.
  5. ^ Kalimpong, Hill stations in India
  6. ^ Routes of promise, Frontline magazine, Volume 20, Issue 14; July 5July 18, 2004.
  7. ^ Kalimpong, NITPU Kolkata, West Bengal

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  1. Guide to Kalimpong – 3rd edition (2002) — Sandeep C. Jain — Himalayan Sales
  2. Sangharakshita, Facing Mount Kanchenjunga — Windhorse Publications, 1991, ISBN 0-904766-52-7
  3. Lepcha, My Vanishing Tribe — A.R. Foning, ISBN 81-207-0685-4
  4. The Unknown and Untold Reality about the Lepchas — K.P. Tamsang

Sangharakshita (1925-) is the founder of the Western Buddhist Order, and the Friends of the Western Buddhist Order (FWBO). ...

External links

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Kalimpong

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Kalimpong - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2617 words)
Kalimpong is a hill station (a hill town) nestled in the Shiwalik Hills (or Lower Himalaya) in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Kalimpong's proximity to the Nathula and Jelepla passes, offshoots of the ancient Silk Route, was an added advantage and it soon became an important trading outpost in the trade of furs, wools and food grains between India and Tibet.
Kalimpong's municipality is in charge of the infrastructure of the town such as potable water and roads.
Kalimpong (633 words)
Kalimpong produces 80% of India’s gladioli and is a significant orchid-growing area and it comes as no surprise that flowers are exported from here to many cities in northern India.
Kalimpong's attractions include three Buddhist monasteries, spectacular churches, an excellent private library for the study of Tibetan and Himalayan language and culture, a sericulture centre and a fine view of the surrounding countryside.
By Road: Kalimpong is approachable by roads from Siliguri (66kms), Darjeeling (51kms) and Gangtok (79 kms;Sikkim).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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