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Encyclopedia > Kalamata

Coordinates: 37°2′N, 22°7′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Kalamata  (Καλαμάτα)
Location
Coordinates 37°2′N, 22°7′E
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (min-max): 0 - 21 m  (0 -  69 ft)
Government
Country: Greece
Periphery: Peloponnese
Prefecture: Messinia
Population statistics (as of 2001)
Municipality
 - Population: 57,620
 - Area: 253.2 km² (98 sq.mi.)
 - Density: 228 /km² (589 /sq.mi.)
Codes
Postal codes: 241 00
Area codes: 27210
License plate codes: KM

Kalamata (Greek, Modern: Καλαμάτα, Ancient/Katharevousa: -ai), older forms: Kalamai is a city in southern Greece, on the Peloponnesos, by the Mediterranean. It is the capital of the Messinia prefecture. It is located about 60 km SE of Kyparissia and GR-9, about 120 km SSE of Pyrgos, about 80 km SW of Tripoli, about 60 km W of Sparta, NW of Areopoli and about 8 km E of Messene. In 1991 the city had 44,052 inhabitants. Capital and chief port of the prefecture of Messinia, built in the heart of the Messinian Gulf near the ancient city of Farai mentioned by Homer, 238 km from Athens, the land of Kalamatianos dance and the silk kerchief; of succulent dark olives, honey eyed figs and the honey covered sesame sweet called "pastelli". Image File history File links Size of this preview: 685 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (800 × 700 pixel, file size: 27 KB, MIME type: image/png) Other versions Adapted from Image:Greece outline map. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing daylight saving Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Summer Time (EEST) is one of the names of UTC+3 time zone, 3 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... The peripheries (περιφέρειες) are the subnational divisions of Greece. ... The Peloponnese or Peloponnesus (Greek: Πελοπόννησος Peloponnesos; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is a large peninsula in southern Greece, forming the part of the country south of the Gulf of Corinth. ... Greece consists of 13 administrative regions known as Peripheries of Greece, which are further subdivided into 51 prefectures (nomoi, singular - nomos, Greek: νομοί, νομός)): See also List of the prefectures of Greece by area List of the prefectures of Greece by population density List of the prefectures of Greece by population External... Messinia (Greek: Μεσσηνία, also spelled Messenia; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is a prefecture in the Peloponnese, a region of Greece. ... This is an alphabetical list of municipalities and communities in Greece. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Here are list of postal codes in Greece. ... This is an alphabetical list by town of dialing codes in Greece. ... Greek car number plates are composed of three letters and four digits per plate (e. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Peloponnesos (Greek: Πελοπόννησος, Pelops Island, sometime Latinized as Peloponnesus or Anglicized as The Peloponnese) is a large peninsula in Greece, forming the part of the country south of the Isthmus of Corinth. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... Messinia (Greek: Μεσσηνία, also spelled Messenia; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is a prefecture in the Peloponnese, a region of Greece. ... Kyparissia, rarely Cyparissia (Greek: Κύπαρισσία) is a town of around 4,000 in western Messenia. ... Greece Interstate 9 is the second-longest national highway that runs into the Peloponnese. ... For other places that have the same name, click Pyrgos (disambiguation) Pyrgos (Greek: Πύργος) is the capital of the Prefecture of Ilia in Greece. ... Tripoli (Greek, Modern: Τρίπολη, Ancient/Katharevousa: -s; see also List of traditional Greek place names), older form and Latin: Tripolis, rarely Tripolitsa, Tripolitza and Tripolizza is a city in the central part of the Peloponnesos, Greece, and the capital of the prefecture of Arcadia and the province of Mantineia which is... Sparta (Doric: Spártā, Attic: SpártÄ“) is a city in southern Greece. ... Areopoli (Greek: Αρεόπολη) is the second largest town in Mani. ... Messene (Greek: Μεσσήνη Messínî or Messénê ) was an ancient Greek city, the capital of Messenia (until the modern prefecture was created). ...


The city is located west of Sparta, and can be reached from this and other Greek cities by bus and train. Furthermore, the city has an international airport and an important harbour. Ferries are available to places such as the Greek island of Kythira. Sparta (Doric: Spártā, Attic: Spártē) is a city in southern Greece. ... Kythira (Μodern Hellenic: Κύθηρα), also known as Cerigo (Τσιρίγο), also spelt: Kithira, Kythera, Cythera, Cerigo or Tsirigo, is an hellenic island, historically part of the Ionian Islands. ...


The Gulf of Messinia where Kalamata is located has various long beaches. The Taygetus is located about 4 km E of Kalamata and GR-82 Kalamata - Sparta highway runs through the ranges. Taygetus or Taygetos (Greek: Ταΰγετος), also Taigetos is a mountain range of the Peloponnesus, Southern Greece, extending about 65 mi (100 km) north from the southern end of Cape Matapan in the Mani Peninsula. ...


Olives and olive oil are important products that are exported from Kalamata.


Kalamata has schools, lyceums, gymnasia, banks, a post office, and squares (plateia). The newly established University of Peloponnese has a campus in Kalamata, where the history, literature, religion and philosophy departments are located. The Kalamata campus of the university also provides free Greek lessons to expatriate Greeks. Plateia (πλατεία) is the Greek word for town square. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

Contents

Name

The name Kalamata may have something to do with the Greek kala ommata which means beautiful eyes. A Byzantine church near the city is devoted to the virgin of Kalomata.


History

Contrary to many other Greek cities, Kalamata does not date to classical times. Messini, which is located elsewhere in Messinia, is an ancient site, however. From 1681 on the Venetians ruled Kalamata. In 23 March 1821, Kalamata was the first city to be liberated from the Turkish occupation of as much as over 300 years, by the Greek rebel forces under the orders of generals Theodoros Kolokotronis, Petros Mavromichalis and Papaflessas. In 1825, Ibrahim Pasha destroyed the city during the Greek war of independence. After this, Kalamata was rebuilt and became one of the most important ports in the Mediterranean sea. It is not surprising that the 2nd oldest Chamber of Commerce in the Mediterranean, after that of Marseille, exists in Kalamata. On 29 April 1941, a battle was fought near the port between invading German forces and the 2nd New Zealand Division, during which Jack Hinton was awarded the Victoria Cross. After World War II, and due to political issues, Kalamata, as well as most of the Peloponnese, was excluded from the government development plans, in favour of north Greece instead. That was a major strike on the local economy, resulting in the decline of the port and hence the city. During 70s and the 80s, development and growth in Kalamata were words from worlds away, and only after the city suffered severe damage from the earthquakes of September 13 1986, the local authorities and individuals strained their financial resources to bring a wind of change to the forgotten capital of Messinia. Due to these efforts, Kalamata has now fully recovered and developed into a modern provincial capital, with all facilities and amenities, as well as one of the most modern hospitals in Greece. It is also the seat of the Metropolitan Bishop of Messinia. Current Metropolitan Bishop is Chrysostomus III since 15 March 2007. Events March 4 - Charles II of England grants a land charter to William Penn for the area that will later become Pennsylvania. ... Venetia is a name used mostly in a historical context for the area of north-eastern Italy formerly under the control of the Republic of Venice and corresponding approximately to the present-day Italian administrative regions of the Veneto and Friuli-Venezia Giulia. ... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The coronation banquet for George IV 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Rebel may mean: A participant in a rebellion, see Rebellion. ... Monument of Theodoros Kolokotronis in Athens Theodoros Kolokotronis Theodoros Kolokotronis (Greek: . Θεόδωρος Κολοκοτρώνης, 3 April 1770 - 15 February 1843) was a Greek general in the Greek War of Independence against the rule of the Ottoman Empire. ... Petros Mavromichalis (1765-1848) (in Greek Πέτρος Μαυρομιχάλης) also known as Petrobey (Πετρομπέης), was the leader of the Maniot people during the first half of... For the Greek municipality see Papaflessas, Messenia. ... Opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Ibrahim Pasha (Arabic: ابراهيم باشا) ‎ (1789 – 10 November 1848), a 19th century general of Egypt. ... April 29 is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... The New Zealand 2nd Division was that countrys major land formation during much of World War II. Commanded for much of its existence by Lieutenant General Sir Bernard Freyberg. ... Back row, Left to Right: Col. ... Victoria Cross medal, ribbon, and bar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Messinia (Greek: Μεσσηνία, also spelled Messenia; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is a prefecture in the Peloponnese, a region of Greece. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (75th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


Communities

  • Alagonia (pop: 360)
  • Antikalamos (pop: 541)
  • Artemissia (pop: 291)
  • Asprochoma (pop: 1,231)
  • Elaiochori (pop: 395)
  • Kalamata
  • Karveli (pop: 180)
  • Labena
  • Lada (pop: 223)
  • Leika (pop: 926)
  • Mikri Mantineia (pop: 688)
  • Nedousa (pop: 158)
  • Piges (pop: 103)
  • Sperchogeia (pop: 855)
  • Valyra
  • Verga (pop: 2,110)

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Asprochoma (Greek: Ασπρόχωμα meaning white soil) or Asprohoma, may refer to several places in Greece: Asprochoma, a village in the Messinia prefecture Asprochoma, a village in the Larissa Prefecture Categories: | ... Lada is a small village in Greece. ... Leyka or Leika (Greek: Λέυκα) also with an e accented and is not pronounced Lefka in which the upsilon in this place name is not accented in the Greek al is a neighbourhood in the southern part of the city of Patras, 5 km direct and 6 km south via road...

Transportation

It is accessed by GR-7/E55/E65 in the west and GR-82 runs through Kalamata and into the Taygetus. The nearest motorway is now 35 km N. From the mid-1980s until 2002, it was 85 km SW in Tripoli. There is a road connecting within the coastline of Kalamata which is not far from the gulf and runs in the southern part of Kalamata. Greece Interstate 7 is a north-to-south highway that runs from Kalamata in the south and ends in Corinth in the north. ... The European route E55 passes through the following cities: Helsingborg - Elsinore - Rostock - Berlin - Dresden - Teplice - Prague - Vienna - Ancona - Ioannina - Arta (bypasses) - Amphilochia - Agrinion - Messolonghi - Rhion * Antirrhion - Patras - Kourtesi - Marathia - Pyrgos - Epitalion - Zacharo - Kalo Nero - near Dorio - near Oichalia - Allagi - Thouria - Kalamáta From Helsingborg, the route continues northward through Sweden... E65 is a name of a BMW car platform: BMW E65/E66 a European road: European route E65 This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Greece Interstate 82 (Pylos - Kalamata - Sparti) is a west to east highway linking Pylos with the GR-9/E55, Kalamata and downtown Sparta with GR-37/E???. The highway begins in downtown Pylos and runs through the southwestern part of Messenia and through curvy roads and through Lykodimos and intersects... This article cites very few or no references or sources. ...


It is also has a train station and a small freight yard in the harbor which makes up the southernmost train station and the southern railway terminus in all of Greece. The train line that connects Kalamata with Athens, is currently out of order due to the restructuring programme of the train lines in Peloponesse. The use of KTEL buses is, however, is very popular. The bus line connects Kalamata - Tripoli and Korinthos, runs hourly and there is a student discount. Since the mid-80s there is a regular weekly cruise-boat route between Kalamata - Kythira - Chania (Crete). In the summer months charter flights fly direct to Kalamata International Airport from many European cities. KTEL could mean any of these: K-tel, company known for their as seen on TV greatest hits records and CDs KTEL-LP, Telemundo affiliate for Albuquerque, New Mexico, owned by Ramar Communications KTEL, the bus communications in Greece Category: ... Kalamata International Airport is an airport in the Greek city of Kalamata. ...


Historical population

Year Communal population Change Municipal population Change Density
1981 42,075 - - -
1991 43,625 +1,550/+2.68% 50,693 - 200.20/km²
2001 49,550 +5,925/+13.6% 57,620 - 227.56/km²

1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Landmarks

  • Benakeion Archaeological Museum of Kalamata [1], located in the heart of the historical centre of Kalamata.
  • Byzantine churches
  • Cultural events, such as the International Dance Festival
  • Kalamata Dance Festival at the Wayback Machine
  • The Castle of Kalamata from the 13th century AD.
  • The Marina and the Port of Kalamata, located SW of the city centre. It is the main and largest port in Messinia and the southern part of the Peloponnese.
  • The Kalamata International Airport, an airport located about 7 km NW, close to Messene. The runway length is about 2 km and it is combined with a military airport.
  • The Railway Museum of the Municipality of Kalamata [2], a railway museum which first opened since 1986
  • The Temple of the Epicurian Apollo, about one hour's drive north from Kalamata
  • Tourist information

Internet Archive headquarters, San Francisco The Internet Archive (archive. ... A small marina at Brixham, Devon, England. ... Kalamata International Airport is an airport in the Greek city of Kalamata. ... Messene (Greek: Μεσσήνη Messínî or Messénê ) was an ancient Greek city, the capital of Messenia (until the modern prefecture was created). ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Notable people

Sokratis Papastathopoulos is a Greek football player currently playing for AEK Athens FC. He is regarded as the next big thing in Greek football. ... Yanni (born Yiannis Chrysomallis, Greek: Γιάννης Χρυσομάλλης, on November 14, 1954) is a Greek keyboardist and composer. ...

Sporting teams

Kalamata FC, PAE Kalamata in Greek, is a Greek football club playing in the B Ethniki. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

See also

Here are communities and communes including sections in the prefecture of Messinia/Messenia in Greece: A-B Achladochori Adriani Aetos Agaliani Agia Kyriaki Agiannaki Agiochori Agios Andreas Agios Niko Agios Nikolaos Agios Sosti? Agrilia Agrilos Aia Aithea Akritochori Alfona Allagi Almyro Altomira Ammos Ampeliona Ampelofito Ampelokipoi Analypsi Androusa Angilos Ano...

External links

  • Kalamata Online
  • Historic maps of Kalamata
  • Messinian Chamber of Commerce and Industry
  • Ministry of Culture - Messinia
  • Map and Aerial Photos:
    • Geographical coordinates: 37°1′53″N, 22°6′20″E
    • Mapquest - Kalamata

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kalamata - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (974 words)
Kalamata (Greek, Modern: Καλαμάτα, Ancient/Katharevousa: -ai), older forms: Kalamai is a city in southern Greece, on the Peloponnesos, by the Mediterranean.
In 23 March 1821, Kalamata was the first city to be liberated from the Turkish occupation of as much as over 300 years, by the Greek rebel forces under the orders of generals Theodoros Kolokotronis, Petros Mavromichalis and Papaflessas.
During 70s and the 80s, development and growth in Kalamata were words from worlds away, and only after the city suffered severe damage from the earthquakes of September 1986, the local authorities and individuals strained their financial resources to bring a wind of change to the forgotten capital of Messinia.
Kalamata - Dilos Holiday World (341 words)
This is where the Byzantine church of the Virgin Ypapanti and the convent of the Kalograies built in 18th century, where the nuns weave the famous Kalamata silk, are situated.
Kalamata has an archaeological museum, which is housed at the Benaki Mansion, and a folklore museum noteworthy for its numerous relics of the War of Independence of 1821, a fine arts museum filled with works by Greek artists and a library containing 60.000 volumes.
In the evening, the town comes alive, especially along the water front which is lined with taverns, sea food restaurants and rotisseries serving local dishes and drinks, fresh fish, roast suckling pig and chicken, sausages, cheese, olives, retsina and raki.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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