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Encyclopedia > Kaizen

Kaizen (改善, Japanese for "change for the better" or "improvement"; the common English usage is "continuous improvement" or "continual improvement"). Kaizen Games is the company owner of Priston Brazil. ... Screenshot from Priston Tale Priston Tale is a 3D fantasy MMORPG that centres on action-based role-playing. ... A structure (e. ...


In the context of this article, Kaizen refers to a workplace 'quality' strategy and is often associated with the Toyota Production System and related to various quality-control systems, including methods of W. Edwards Deming. The Toyota Production System (TPS) (トヨタ生産方式) is the philosophy which organizes manufacturing and logistics at Toyota, including the interaction with suppliers and customers. ... William Edwards Deming (October 14, 1900–December 20, 1993) was an American statistician, college professor, author, lecturer, and consultant. ...


Kaizen aims to eliminate waste (as defined by Joshua Isaac Walters "activities that add cost but do not add value"). It is often the case that this means "to take it apart and put back together in a better way." This is then followed by standardization of this 'better way' with others, through standardized work.[citation needed]

Contents

Introduction

Kaizen is a daily activity whose purpose goes beyond simple productivity improvement. It is also a process that, when done correctly, humanizes the workplace, eliminates overly hard work (both mental and physical) "muri", and teaches people how to perform experiments on their work using the scientific method and how to learn to spot and eliminate waste in business processes. Muri (無理) is a Japanese term for overburden or unreasonableness. ... Scientific method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge. ...


To be most effective kaizen must operate with three[citation needed] principles in place:

  • consider the process and the results (not results-only) so that actions to achieve effects are surfaced;
  • systemic thinking of the whole process and not just that immediately in view (i.e. big picture, not sol
  • a learning, non-judgmental, non-blaming (because blaming is wasteful) approach and intent will allow the re-examination of the assumptions that resulted in the current process.

People at all levels of an organization can participate in kaizen, from the CEO down, as well as external stakeholders when applicable. The format for kaizen can be individual, suggestion system, small group, or large group. In Toyota it is usually a local improvement within a workstation or local area and involves a small group in improving their own work environment and productivity. This group is often guided through the kaizen process by a line supervisor; sometimes this is the line supervisor's key role. Whole redirects here. ... The term stakeholder has two distinct uses in the English language: The traditional usage, in law and notably gambling, a third party who temporarily holds money or property while its owner is still being determined. ...


While kaizen (in Toyota) usually delivers small improvements, the culture of continual aligned small improvements and standardisation yields large results in the form of compound productivity improvement. Hence the English usage of "kaizen" can be: "continuous improvement" or "continual improvement."


This philosophy differs from the "command-and-control" improvement programs of the mid-twentieth century. Kaizen methodology includes making changes and monitoring results, then adjusting. Large-scale pre-planning and extensive project scheduling are replaced by smaller experiments, which can be rapidly adapted as new improvements are suggested.



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Translation

The original kanji characters for this word are: Japanese writing Kanji Kana Hiragana Katakana Hentaigana Manyōgana Uses Furigana Okurigana Rōmaji   ) are the Chinese characters that are used in the modern Japanese logographic writing system along with hiragana (平仮名), katakana (片仮名), and the Arabic numerals. ...


In Japanese this is pronounced 'kaizen'.

  • 改 ('kai') KAI means 'change' or 'the action to correct'.
  • 善 ('zen') ZEN means 'good'.

In Chinese this is pronounced 'gai shan': Look up Kai in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

  • 改善 ('gǎi shàn') means 'change for the better' or 'improve'.
  • 改 ('gǎi') means 'change' or 'the action to correct'.
  • 善 ('shàn') means 'good' or 'benefit'. 'Benefit' is more related to the Taoist or Buddhist philosophy, which gives the definition as the action that 'benefits' the society but not one particular individual (i.e. multilateral improvement). In other words, one cannot benefit at another's expense. The quality of benefit that is involved here should be sustained forever, in other words the 'shan' is an act that truly benefits others.

History

In Japan, after World War II, American occupation forces brought in American experts in statistical control methods and who were familiar with the War Department's Training Within Industry (TWI) training programs to restore a war-torn nation. TWI programs included Job Instruction (standard work) and Job Methods (process improvement). In conjunction with the Shewhart cycle taught by W. Edwards Deming, and other statistics-based methods taught by Joseph M. Juran, these became the basis of the kaizen revolution in Japan[1] that took place in the 1950s. .....! Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Training Within Industry (TWI) service was created by the United States Department of War, running from 1940 to 1945. ... It has been suggested that PDCA be merged into this article or section. ... William Edwards Deming (October 14, 1900–December 20, 1993) was an American statistician, college professor, author, lecturer, and consultant. ... Joseph Moses Juran (b. ...


Implementation

The Toyota Production System is known for kaizen, where all line personnel are expected to stop their moving production line in case of any abnormality and, along with their supervisor, suggest an improvement to resolve the abnormality which may initiate a kaizen. The Toyota Production System (TPS) (トヨタ生産方式) is the philosophy which organizes manufacturing and logistics at Toyota, including the interaction with suppliers and customers. ...


The cycle of kaizen activity can be defined as: standardize an operation -> measure the standardized operation (find cycle time and amount of in-process inventory) -> gauge measurements against requirements -> innovate to meet requirements and increase productivity -> standardize the new, improved operations -> continue cycle ad infinitum. This is also known as the Shewhart cycle, Deming cycle, or PDCA. It has been suggested that PDCA be merged into this article or section. ...


Masaaki Imai made the term famous in his book, Kaizen: The Key to Japan's Competitive Success. Masaaki Imai was born in Tokyo in 1930. ...


Apart from business applications of the method, both Anthony Robbins and Robert Maurer have popularized the kaizen principles into personal development principles. The basis of Robbins' CANI (Constant and Never-Ending Improvement) method in kaizen is discussed in his Lessons in Mastery series. Anthony Robbins (born 29 February 1960, Glendora, California) is an American motivational speaker and writer. ...


See also

5S is a reference to a list of five Japanese words which start with S. This list is a mnemonic for a methodology that is often incorrectly characterized as standardized cleanup, however it is much more than cleanup. ... In 1992, Robert S. Kaplan and David P. Norton introduced the balanced scorecard, a concept for measuring a companys activities in terms of its vision and strategies, to give managers a comprehensive view of the performance of a business. ... Business process reengineering (BPR) is a management approach aiming at improvements by means of elevating efficiency and effectiveness of the processes that exist within and across organizations. ... Extreme Programming (or XP) is a software engineering methodology, the most prominent of several agile software development methodologies, prescribing a set of daily stakeholder practices that embody and encourage particular XP values (below). ... Lean manufacturing is a management philosophy focusing on reduction of the 7 wastes (Over-production, Waiting time, Transportation, Over-processing, Inventory, Motion and Scrap) in manufactured products. ... The often-used six sigma symbol. ... Theory of Constraints (TOC) is an overall management philosophy that aims to continually achieve more of the goal of a system. ... Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) is a concept for maintaining plants and equipment. ... Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) is a concept for maintaining plants and equipment. ... The Toyota Production System (TPS) (トヨタ生産方式) is the philosophy which organizes manufacturing and logistics at Toyota, including the interaction with suppliers and customers. ... The Training Within Industry (TWI) service was created by the United States Department of War, running from 1940 to 1945. ... TRIZ (pronounced [triz]) is a Russian acronym for Teoriya Resheniya Izobretatelskikh Zadatch (Теория решения изобретательских задач), a Theory of solving inventive problems or Theory of inventive problems solving (TIPS)(less known as Theory of Solving Inventors Problems), developed by Genrich Altshuller and his colleagues since 1946. ... William Edwards Deming (October 14, 1900–December 20, 1993) was an American statistician, college professor, author, lecturer, and consultant. ... TLS - TOC Lean Six Sigma is as an alternative continuous improvement approach. ... Statistical process control (SPC) is a method for achieving quality control in manufacturing processes. ...

References

  1. ^ The Roots of Lean: Training within Industry - the origin of Kaizen, Jim Huntzinger, AME, Target Volume 18 No 1, First Quarter 2002, p 13

Further reading

  • Dinero, Donald (2005), Training Within Industry: The Foundation of Lean", Productivity Press, ISBN 1-56327-307-1
  • Emiliani, B., with Stec, D., Grasso, L. and Stodder, J. (2007), Better Thinking, Better Results: Case Study and Analysis of an Enterprise-Wide Lean Transformation, second edition, The CLBM, LLC Kensington, Conn., ISBN 978-0-9722591-2-5
  • Imai, Masaaki (1986), Kaizen: The Key to Japan's Competitive Success, McGraw-Hill/Irwin, ISBN 0-07-554332-X
  • Imai, Masaaki, Gemba Kaizen: A Commonsense, Low-Cost Approach to Management McGraw-Hill; 1 edition (March 1, 1997) ISBN 0-07-031446-2

  Results from FactBites:
 
KAIZEN - The Japanese Strategy for Continuous Improvement (948 words)
Kaizen signifies small improvements as a result of coordinated continuous efforts by all employees.
Kaizen concentrates at improving the process rather than at achieving certain results.
Each kaizen may be small, but the cumulative effect is tremendous.
Kaizen Rapid Process | Lean Thinking | Lean and the Environment | EPA (1409 words)
Kaizen, or rapid improvement processes, often is considered to be the "building block" of all lean production methods.
Kaizen events are generally organized to last between one day and seven days, depending on the scale of the targeted process and problem.
An advantage of kaizen is that it involves workers from multiple functions who may have a role in a given process, and strongly encourages them to participate in waste reduction activities.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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